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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 98, Issue 51
Thursday, August 30, 1993
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Budget cote leave
0 H (r Q $
results now available
WASHINGTON The United
States has 245,837,683 residents, ac
cording to preliminary census figures
California was the most populous of
the states. New York retained its grip on
second place, with Texas a close third
as the last four state population reports
were made public.
In the battle of the cities, Charlotte
was officially ranked as larger than
See story, page 14 A.
Indian bus accident
claims 30 passengers
NEW DELHI, India A bus plunged
off a road in the Himalayan foothills
and rolled down a gorge Wednesday,
killing 30 people, news agencies said.
Twenty-three other passengers were
injured in the crash in Himachal Pradesh
New Delhi, according to Press Trust of
India and United News of India.
The bus was carry ing about 70 people
when it toppled down the 650-foot deep
gorge, Press Trust said.
Stay postpones trial
for child molestation
EDENTON, N.C. The North
Carolina Supreme Court has issued a
temporary stay in the pre-trial pro
ceedings against seven defendants
charged with sexually molesting 30 or
more children at a former day-care
The order issued Monday gives the
high court time to consider an appeal by
prosecutors to reverse a judge's decision
joining the defendants. The appeal to
the Supreme Court was made Aug. 17
after the state Court of Appeals dis
missed the original appeal without
hearing the case.
"All we're asking the Supreme Court
to do is stay, or hold up, the proceed
ings," Assistant Attorney General
William Hart said.
Prosecutors want to keep the seven
defendants separated for the trial. In
February, Superior Court Judge
Bradford Tillery granted a defense
motion to join the Little Rascals Day
Care Center defendants for trial. Hart
and Chowan County District Attorney
H.P. Williams objected, and asked
Tillery to reconsider his decision.
At a pre-trial hearing in May, Tillery
reaffirmed his original decision. The
prosecutors then appealed.
Illinois tornadoes kill
24, injure hundreds
CREST HILL, 111. Rescuers on
Wednesday searched a tornado-devastated
swath of northern Illinois for the
missing and the dead, while folks began
salvaging belongings from homes the
twisters shredded "like an eggbeater."
At least 24 people died and more than
300 were injured Tuesday by the tor
nadoes, which steamrolled across a re
gion known as "Tornado Alley," about
35 miles southwest of Chicago.
Scores of people were left homeless.
The storms struck virtually without
warning Tuesday afternoon along an
eight-mile path. Hit hardest were the
small towns of Crest Hill and Plainfield.
From Associated Press reports
End of the line
UNC students say farewell to drop
add lines in Woollen Gym 3A
Brother, can you spare a dime?
Fewer campus jobs available due to
budget cuts 5B
City , 7A
National : , 10A
Classifieds i 20A
Comics 21 A
1 990 DTH Publishing Corp. All rights reserved.
Economic future looks bleak
By ELIZABETH BYRD
If UNC's budget woes continue, a
major overhaul of the University's
structure, including the elimination of
several programs and a decrease in en
rollment, will be necessary, Chancellor
Paul Hardin said Wednesday.
'There's just no more fat to cut," he
said. "If there are any further cuts we
will have to change the nature of the
University, reduce the number of things
we're doing and reduce our enrollment."
Provost Dennis O'Connor said he
did not expect an upswing in the
University's economic situation for at
least two years. "I'm not very optimis
tic for the next 24 months," he said.
If funding is not restored, the Uni
versity will soon be faced with hard
choices, O'Connor said.
"I don't think that we can maintain
the quality of the University in the vast
areas in which we are currently good,"
he said. "And that will take some tough
decisions involving the entire Univer
sity community, not just the adminis
tration. It involves students, faculty and
Rv STFPHANIP inUNQTnfcl i.. i O
By STEPHANIE JOHNSTON
Assistant University Editor
The University has pulled from re
serve funds $750,000 that could be used
to combat the effects of state budget
cuts on teaching assistantships, Provost
Dennis O'Connor said Tuesday.
The money did not come from state
funds, O'Connor said. "It (the money)
is a result of donations or interest earned
on accounts," he said.
Because of a 5 percent cut in the
state's allocations to the University,
some class sections had to be cut. As a
result, some graduate students were told
funds for their teaching assistant sala
ries might be eliminated.
One of the reasons the University
reappropriated the funds was to protect
the reputation of the graduate school,
O'Connor said. "Reputations are lost
more quickly than they are built," he
said. "Our graduate school has a fine
reputation, and we want to preserve
With the additional money, the Uni
versity will now be able to honor all
promises made to graduate students for
funding, said Henry Dearman, dean of
the Graduate School.
"For example, say the Romance
languages department normally hires
50 TAs," Dearman said. "All of a sud
den, they are told by the dean of arts and
sciences that the budget dictates they
Cuts' impact worries faculty
By THOMAS HEALY
In addition to concerns about can
celed classes, some UNC educators
are stressing the deeper effects of
budget cuts and pointing out the need
for greater faculty interaction with the
University administration and the
Faculty leaders and administrators
both say the combined effect of low
salaries and a deteriorating support
environment resulting from budget
problems could have a negative effect
on the ability of the University to
retain quality faculty members.
. . ...
Cednc Woods, a UNC activist
Ail Ikr ;r sJlf4 v? .W
David Crotts, senior fiscal analyst
for the General Assembly's Fiscal Re
search Department, said the state bud
get problems that prompted these cuts
have no end in sight and may become
more severe in coming years.
"I think there is a fair chance we are
already in a recession," he said.
The Fiscal Research Department's
budget for the 1 992 fiscal year projects
a revenue shortfall of $484 million,
based on expected revenues and ex
penditures for the year. The projection
for this year's shortfall is $336 million.
"I would say it's going to be tight at
least through the mid-1990s," Crotts
said. "And because of the state's revenue
slowdown, the situation is getting
The University could continue to
experience a financial shortage, de
pending on where the legislature decides
to make cuts.
Jim Newlin, also an analyst in the
Fiscal Research Department, said some
See CUTS, page 18A
only have 40.
'There are 10 people high and dry.
These funds the provost has put to
gether in emergency funds are designed
to restore those commitments."
But all of the funds can't be used to
pay graduate students to teach because
of the nature of the funds, Dearman
said. "Maybe out of the 10 graduate
students, two will be TAs and eight will
be research assistants who are still paid."
Graduate students said they were also
hurt because classes that normally would
have been added during registration
would not be offered because of budget
"To us people who would have been -funded
(after classes are added) are still
layoffs," said Cindy Hahamovitch, past
president of Graduate Students United
and a graduate student in history.
The use of reserve funds is a one
time solution to the problem, graduate
students and administrators said. "It's a
Band-Aid solution," said Jerry
Bradshaw, GSU co-president and an
economics graduate student.
"Next year we may not be so lucky
unless the legislature makes up the 5
percent cut," said Robert Johnson, a
philosophy graduate student.
Graduate students said the UNC
system General Administration should
See GRADUATES, page 2A
"I'm concerned about faculty reten
tion because I get calls from friends of
mine on the West Coast who say 'hey,
we're going after a couple of your fill
in the blank chemists, biologists,
whatever," Provost Dennis O'Connor
said in an interview this week.
The real issue in retaining quality
faculty is the support the faculty re
ceived, not necessarily the amount of
their salaries, O'Connor said.
"The support environment is impor
tant, and it's what is hard to maintain
with budget cuts," he said. "It's like
you're going to be the captain of the
Navy with no ships."
for Native American rights, is under investigation for a man's death
Campus services adjust to funding shortages
By THOMAS HEALY
While University educators are
dealing with the effects of budget-related
cuts on curriculum, directors of crucial
service departments are voicing their
concerns and trying to minimize the
effect of depleted staffs and reduced
hours on daily campus operations.
Areas as wide-ranging as the educa
tional services and the physical plant
are feeling the effects of the state budget
crisis, and the problems of each de
partment will affect the whole campus,
officials said this week.
Libraries to cut hours
Larry Alford, assistant University
librarian for planning and finance, said
Monday that the budget crisis would
directly affect the library by reducing
the total quality of services available, as
well as its operating hours.
Alford said a 10 percent reduction in
the library's full-time positions has
forced library administrators to cut the
operating hours of Davis Library by
nine hours and those of the Under-
GSU members Rob
Harry Gooder, professor of micro
biology and chairman of the faculty
council, said faculty morale is bound
to be despondent because of the lack
of fiscal planning by the state legis
lature. "The current financial situation will
obviously make it more difficult to
retain some faculty," Gooder said.
As part of the 1990 budget, Uni
versity faculty members received a 6
percent pay increase, but Colin
Palmer, professor and history de
partment chairman, said that increase
See CLASSES, page 17A
preserves graduate Jobs
V ' 1 ; I
V- t hi?" ';?' '-'4 ji aZz: -
Reduced Fall Library Schedules
Monday - Thursday
Monday - Thursday
graduate Library by 1 8 hours, an action
he said would have a "profound effect
on the ability of students to study and do
Although the library's budget for
books and serials has not been cut, the
state budget problems have left it unable
to respond to inflation and increases in
the costs of foreign journals which
Withers, Ngina Chiteji and Jeff Konz protest outside dropadd
By JENNIFER PILL A
Arguments contesting a judge's de
cision that UNC discriminated against
UNC Police Officer Keith Edwards will
not be heard until October at the earli
est, according to an associate state at
torney general representing UNC in the
The State Personnel Comm iss ion w i 1 1
heaj the University's arguments and
could overturn Judge Delores Nesnow's
decision. That decision, which was
handed down last month, came more
Indian Circle leader
shoots, kills intruder
By SHANNON 0'GRADY
Morehead Scholar and Carolina In
dian Circle President James Cedric
Woods shot and killed a man who broke
into the home of his girlfriend Aug. 20
in Lumberton, police said.
Lumberton police were unable to give
a full account of the shooting. Captain
Benson Phillips said. "There is only so
much I can tell you right now. A com
plete investigation is under way."
Woods, a senior, admitted to shoot
ing the man, Phillips said.
Woods, a resident of Pembroke, was
visiting his girlfriend, Victoria
Oxendine, at her Lumberton home when
27-year-old Gene Berry Clark broke
into the house. "There were signs of
forced entry," Phillips said. "Glass was
broken in the bedroom window."
Woods and Don Bullard, his attor
ney, declined to" comment.
.8 a.m. -11 p.m.
...8 a.m. -6 p.m.
.10 a.m. - 6 p.m.
..Noon -11 p.m.
...8 a.m. - midnight
8 a.m. -6 p.m.
10 a.m. - 9 p.m.
.10 a.m. -midnight
fluctuate with the value of the dollar.
John Shipman, University bibliogra
pher, said Tuesday that these factors
have resulted in a 8.7 percent reduction
in book and serial purchasing power
over the last four years. That will result
in fewer books, cancellation of some
See BUDGET, page 19A
than three years after Edwards griev
ance was filed.
"There is the potential that the com
mission would hear arguments during
their Oct. 2 date," said Lars Nance, who
will represent the University in the case.
"But there are quite a number of other
cases that could be heard ahead of it."
Nance said that the commission meets
eight times annually and that two
meetings remain for the commission
in October and December.
See EDWARDS, page 3A
In an unconfirmed report, the Ra
leigh News and Observer said Clark;
roamed through the house before find-1
ing Woods and Oxendine hiding in a
bathroom. The newspaper reported that;
Clark kicked down the door and was
then shot several times with a small
No other weapons have been found,
in the investigation, Detective John
Moore said. 'The-only thing we dis
covered is a handgun that the victim
was shot with," he said. "No knives or
any other weapons have been found."
Moore said the police department
was waiting for several reports before
disclosing any more information. "We
are going to have to wait on the autopsy
report and some other physical evidence
from the lab before we say anything,"
No charges have been filed at this :
Once more into the breach. Henry V