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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 98, Issue 60
Thursday, September 13, 1990
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
e dMite oectioiri ioiliae
0 0 Q If Q W
U.S. regains lead in
world trade volume
WASHINGTON The United
States regained its leadership in world
trade volume last year with a larger
increase in exports than any other major
industrial country, the International
Monetary Fund said Wednesday.
But the United States may not hold
the lead long against competition from
a united Germany.
West Germany's share of world trade
has held steady, dropping by only half a
percentage point to 1 3 percent since its
The fund does not report on East
Germany, which is not a member.
After the scheduled Oct. 3 German
unification, the numbers will be com
bined. Some West German exports may
be diverted for a time to help build up
the eastern part of the country, but a
united Germany could take the lead
U.S. traders boosted their exports by
10.5 percent in 1989, accounting for
13.5 percent of the volume of goods
bought and sold internationally. That
excludes oil, which is considered sepa
rately. The U.S. share of world trade rose
from the 1 1.5 percent low of 1987, but
was still under the 1 5 percent average of
the 1970s, according to the fund's an
"By contrast, the share of Japanese
exports in world trade declined from a
peak of 11.5 percent in 1986 to 10
percent in 1989," the report said.
Soviet Union suffers
MOSCOW Consumer shortages
caused by printing too many rubles are
coming home to the Soviet government.
It's running out of ink.
The national newspaper
Komsomolskaya Pravda reported
Wednesday that the country is down to
just two or three weeks' supply of
printer's ink. "It's entirely possible that
in a short time, presses for newspapers,
passports and rubles will come to a
halt," the article said.
The Soviet Union is plagued by
shortages, including bread, cigarettes
and recently, five-kopeck coins for the
Moscow subway system. Economists
blame the government policy of print
ing excess rubles to pay workers more
than the value of their production.
As a result, the ruble is losing value,
citizens are resisting working for noth
ing, and production is falling.
Adding to the embarrassment, the
Soviets need dollars to print more rubles.
passes NEA extension
": WASHINGTON A Senate com
mittee today overwhelmingly approved
a five-year extension of the beleaguered
National Endowment for the Arts and
proposed recouping federal funds from
any grant recipient convicted of violat
ing obscenity or child pornography laws.
The 15-1 vote by the Senate Labor
and Human Resources Committee sent
the bipartisan compromise to the Sen
ate floor for action.
The Senate bill, which supports the
White House request for $175 million
for the federal arts agency next year,
was supported by committee liberals
and conservatives on both sides of the
From Associated Press reports
Service with a smile
UNC Student Agencies offer services
to the campus-bound , 3
State of stock
How the budget crunch hurts the rest
of North Carolina's economy 3
Men's soccer team beats eighth
ranked Wake Forest in overtime ...5
National - .2
State and Local 3
Sports - 5
1990DTH Publishing Corp. All rights reserved.
never forget a face, but in
By JENNIFER DUNLAP
Student Congress approved election
reforms and discussed campaign sub
sidies Wednesday night to clarify issues
that occurred in last year's student body
The laws congress passed included
defining terms for dismissal of a can
didate from a campus election and
penalties candidates could face for
Problems with clarification of these
Vote on alotmem
for student body
By MICHELLE SMITH
A Student Congress vote to allot the
executive branch $400 to help cover
Monday's student body meeting was
canceled from congress' agenda because
of confusion over its funding policy.
Student Congress member Jiirgen
Buchenau (Dist. 4), Finance Committee
chairman, said congress policy dis
couraged funding events after they have
occurred. He cited this "subsequent
appropriations" clause as his reason for
not supporting the bill.
Student Body President B il 1 Hildebolt
said congress' first full-body meeting
was not scheduled until after Monday's
student body meeting, preventing him
from making a funding request. Al
though it was an exception to normal
budget procedure, Hildebolt said he had
'There's no way we could have done
it any other way," he said. "We came to
them as soon as we could. The student
body meeting took place before the first
session of Student Congress."
The executive branch used money
on budget prognosis
By LEE WEEKS
University and state officials are re
ceiving conflicting messages about fu
ture budget cuts.
Ben Tuchi, vice chancellor of busi
ness and finance, said he predicted that
cutbacks in the University's budget
would continue in the near future, but a
state budget analyst said Wednesday
further reductions in University spend
ing had not been projected.
Kennon Briggs, state budget analyst,
said he would not guarantee that the
University would not experience any
more budget cuts, but he was not aware
of any cuts being considered.
"Nothing official has gone forth from
the state budget office indicating addi
tional 3 percent cuts from the '90-'91
academic budget," Briggs said.
Tuchi said he could not predict when
further reductions in University spend
ing would occur, but he said time was
not on the University's side.
"I really don't know when the cuts
i ir fmC 4IWL
Electing to register
Erik use, a sophomore from Bristol, R.I., swears in new
voters LaSonya Goode, a junior from Woodland, and
issues caused controversy and almost
forced a re-election in the student body
president race last year.
In future elections, campaign law
violations could result in fines, removal
of campaign workers, warnings, re
elections or disqualification of candi
dates, according to the new laws.
Candidates will not be allowed to
spend campaign money until the end of
the fall semester.
Candidates now could be disqualified
for using a restricted area, falsifying
from its own budget to pay for the
meeting, which cost a total of $700. The
executive branch originally planned to
pay $300 from its budget and request
the remaining $400 from congress.
Buchenau said additional money
would be available to the executive
branch if needed next semester. He said
he wanted to wait until then to appro
priate funds so he would know exactly
how much would be needed.
Hildebolt and Matt Heyd, Student
Congress speaker, said they pulled the
bill from congress' agenda Wednesday
night before it went to a full-body vote
for several reasons.
Heyd said, "It was withdrawn because
the finance chairman promised that
money would be available later, and
there is a general principle that we
shouldn't fund things after they happen.
"There are moves to rectify the rules
to avoid this from happening again," he
Hildebolt's reasons were more
complicated. He said if the bill had gone
See FUNDING, page 2
will become a reality," he said. "Six to
eight to ten days appears to be quite
indecisive, but I would rather appear
indecisive because a reduction of this
size (3 percent) can affect a lot of pro
grams and people."
Donald Boulton, vice chancellor of
student affairs, said at a Tuesday forum
the University could expect an additional
3.2 percent funding cut before next se
mester if the state revenue shortfall
continued. He said the reduction could
amount to $8 million.
Tuchi said decisions affecting Uni
versity spending should have been fi
nalized before the fall semester began.
"With every passing week we lose time
to act properly."
University administrators must de
cide whether to wait until further cuts
are officially verified, or begin acting in
anticipation of more budget cuts, Tuchi
"Do you act on information believed
See CUTS, page 2
your case Til be
financial statements, exceeding spend
ing limitations by 5 percent and any
other violations that the Elections Board
may see as terms for dismissal accord
ing to election laws.
Congress passed other election re
forms in April that included definitions
of what constitutes campaign materials
and the elimination of write-in votes in
The Rules and Judiciary Committee
subm itted an amendment to the new bill
Wednesday that would have eliminated
Having a stroke
Elizabeth Jay, a first-year graduate student in environ
mental biology from Ann Arbor, Mich., finds relief from
of Save UNC Day, student meetin
By LAURA WILLIAMS
Save UNC Day may not have sal
vaged the University from drastic budget
cuts, but campus and state officials agree
that it gave the UNC community a
chance to speak out.
"We gave the students something
they demanded last year a voice,"
said Bill Hildebolt, student body presi
dent. "I was amazed we got as many
people out as we did. I was kind of all
choked up we got so many people out."
Some University administrators and
state representatives attended the student
body meeting Monday, and the forum
and rally on Tuesday.
It was important that legislators at
tended the events, because they were
available to answer students' questions,
Hildebolt said. "Students got to say
what they wanted to say to those people,"
One N.C. representative at the forum,
Arlie Culp, R-Randolph, was invited to
speak because of his stand against
moving funds from other projects to
Culp said he did not support taking
money for education out of the Highway
Trust Fund because the money is needed
to maintain N.C. roads.
Some students responded to Culp by
saying roads would not be needed if
budget cuts continued to have such an
adverse effect on education, research
and commerce in the Research Triangle
Susan James, a Ph.D. graduate student from Irvine,
Calif. Registration will continue in the Pit all week.
glad to make an
campaign subsidies for candidates run
ning for student body president.
After lengthy debate, the amendment
was defeated by a vote of six in favor,
eight against and two abstentions.
Jurgen Buchenau (Dist. 3) said he
supported the amendment because it
was unfair to reimburse only SBP can
didates. "You earn money for the privilege of
running for student body president," he
said. It is unfair if a candidate uses his or
her parents' money to run and is then
the heat in the
pleased with results
Joel Sipress, Graduate Students
United co-chairman, said Culp's will
ingness to come to the forum demon
strated his interest in student concerns.
"Next we must convince him to change
Dean McCord, Graduate and Pro
fessional Student Federation president,
said that he was disappointed in Culp's
views, but that many legislators think
their constituents are more concerned
with better roads than with education.
"(Culp) is a general representation of
what state legislators are like," he said.
"It's a shame."
Culp could not be reached for com
ment. N.C. Rep. Sharron Thompson, D
Durham, commended Save UNC Day,
although she was unable to attend any
of the events. UNC's activities will have
an effect on legislators' voting practices,
"Legislators are affected by public
sentiment," she said. The public needs
to demonstrate how strongly it feels
about these issues."
Thompson and fellow legislator
Mickey Michaux, D-Durham, said they
felt the students were justified in their
protests. The state legislature has not
done enough for education, Thompson
Michaux and Thompson agreed that
the only way the General Assembly
could meet the growing needs of the
Colorado sister city mayor
pilgrimages to Chapel Hill
By PETER WALLSTEN
Cooperation and learning were the
key words spoken by community leaders
Wednesday night when the Chapel Hill
Carrboro Public-Private Partnership
hosted a meeting at the ArtsCenter with
representatives from Boulder, Colo.
"As we began to see our city through
the eyes of the people of Chapel Hill
and Carrboro, we began to look at it
with a different perspective," said
Boulder Mayor Leslie Durgin.
The meeting was a culmination of
the events surrounding PPP members
trips last spring to four communities
similar to Chapel Hill. The local private
and civic leaders visited Lexington, Ky .,
Princeton, N.J., and Champagne
Urbana, 111., in addition to Boulder.
The purpose of the PPP is to bring
together businesses, local government
and the University to work toward
common goals, officials said.
But most people involved with the
trips agreed the Boulder mission was
the most successful.
"One reason the Boulder trip was
exception. Groucho Marx
reimbursed by the congress, he said.
Todd Wyatt (Dist. 4) said the UNC
budget problems should be considered
when members voted on the amendment.
"If we give campaign subsidies, we're
giving a big chunk of money to a very
small amount of people."
Other members argued that a lack of
subsidies favored candidates with more
Mark Chilton (Dist. 1 8) said, "Student
See CONGRESS, page 3
u Heun roe son
Navy swimming pool Wednesday
state was to increase revenue.
Michaux said, "Rather than seeing
what we can cut, why don't we see what
new avenues we can take?" He said he
favors a lottery to help raise revenue for
The November elections make poli
ticians afraid of mentioning taxes,
Thompson and Michaux said. But,
Michaux said, "It's absurd. What's the
difference in raising taxes on an election
year than a non-election year?"
Hildebolt said he believed the days'
activities would have a significant im
pact in the General Assembly.
"I've never seen so much press for
something on this campus," he said.
Because UNC's activities were cov
ered on the front page of the News and
Observer, all the legislators could read
about them, Hildebolt said. "It's going
to stick in everybody's mind."
Sipress said the two days of events
were a success. "The gathering at
Carmichael was the largest political
gathering at UNC in 20 years."
The rally brought people together
who are dedicated to the University, he
said. "The forum communicated to
legislators just how drastic the crisis
is," he said. "Most of the legislators at
the forum were our friends."
Chancellor Paul Hardin said the re
sponse at the student body meeting was
remarkable. "It's obvious the students
See EVENTS, page 2
better was because it was the most rep
resentative trip," said Chancellor Paul
Hardin, who serves as vice president of
the PPP. "It's inordinately useful to see
how other universities do things. To
compare notes with other people who
experience the same problems is ex
One reason the PPP chose to visit
Boulder was because a major state
university lies within its borders and it
encounters many of the same difficul
ties as Chapel Hill, officials said. '.
"Boulder is the home to the Univer
sity of Colorado," said Chapel Hill
Mayor Jonathan Howes while narrating
a short video about the mountain city.
"That's why we went there. It's a col
lege town, just like we are."
The university there is also an inte
gral part of the Boulder community,
"Students and faculty members walk
to work and walk to classes and are part
of the business community," she said!
One of the main projects Boulder and
See BOULDER, page 7 :