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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 98, Issue 66
Friday, September 21, 1990
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
NCSU todefflt to protest outs' dBE
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Iraq requests of Iran
to join oil pipelines
WASHINGTON Iraq has asked
Iran if the two countries can join their
oil pipelines, a move that would allow
Saddam Hussein partially to bypass the
international embargo against his
country, U.S. officials said Thursday.
Iran has not yet responded to the Iraqi
request, said the officials.
Intelligence experts estimate a link
between the two pipeline systems could
be completed within a month across the
countries' common border, if they de
cide to go ahead. One of Iraq's major
pipelines, which runs along the Shatt-al-Arab
waterway, at one point is just
five miles from a major Iranian pipeline
that goes into Iran's refinery at Abadan.
Such a link would let Iraq export
500,000 barrels of oil a day in return for
badly needed cash, food and medicine,
said the officials, who commented only
on condition of anonymity.
Luxury tax suggested
to help federal debt
WASHINGTON In their search
for ways to tame the deficit, federal
officials are intent on taxing some of
life's little pleasures: beer, cigarettes,
jewelry even your new VCR.
Although any deficit-reduction plan
approved by Congress and President
Bush is likely to rely chiefly on spending
reductions and less-sweeping tax
changes, it almost certainly would in
clude several tax increases to consum
ers. Top White House officials and con
gressional leaders already have reached
tentative agreements on several tax in
creases that would bring in $59 billion
over the next five years. Two-thirds of
that would be paid directly by con
sumers, through higher prices for alco
hol, cigarettes, airline tickets and a va
riety of higher-priced "luxury" items.
Negotiators have been struggling
since May to devise a package of
spending cuts and tax increases that
would reduce the budget deficit by $50
billion during the next 12 months and
$450 billion more in the following four
years. Unless agreement is reached by
Oct. 1, $100 billion of arbitrary cuts in
most federal programs will be triggered
Cystic fibrosis work
NEW YORK Scientists have cor
rected a crucial defect in cells taken
from cystic fibrosis patients, a step called
a milestone toward eventually treating
the disease through gene therapy or new
kinds of medication.
The cells carried the abnormal gene
that causes cystic fibrosis, and re
searchers fixed the defect by giving
them a normal copy of the gene.
"It ' s a milestone," said Paul Quint on,
a cystic fibrosis researcher at the Uni
versity of California, Riverside, who
was familiar with the work.
Combined with research into gene
therapy for other diseases, the new re
sults "give us tremendous hope that
gene therapy is going to become a reality
in cystic fibrosis patients," said Robert
Beall, the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation's
executive vice president for medical
"We're not talking decades, we're
talking years, a few years," said Beall,
whose organization helped pay for the
From Associated Press reports
Their numbers are up
I FC shelter serving more homeless
people than last year . 2
CAA sponsoring pep rally tonight for
UNC vs. Kentucky game 3
Sports share spotlight
'Cats football coach Curry doesn't
mind basketball's shadow.... 5
Sports Friday 5
1990 DTH Publishing Cop. All rights reserved ;
By BETH MAJOR
N.C. State University students are
prepared to hold a sit-in and class boycott
to protest cuts in library hours, said
Robert Tuttle, chief copy editor at The
Technician, NCSU's campus newspa
per. Wade Babcock, Technician editor-in-chief,
said that the paper was not
involved in organizing the protest but
would support it editorially.
Tuttle said he launched a letter
writing campaign and organized the
pending protests to focus attention on
problems caused by recent budget cuts.
He targeted shrinking library hours
Ellen Corriher, a junior from China Grove, gives the gift of life at the Alpha
Phi Omega bloodmobile in Great Hall Thursday afternoon.
Black Greeks to change membership procedures
By JENNIFER DUNLAP
UNC black fraternities and sororities
are making changes in pledging proce
dures, following a decision by national
black Greek organizations to abolish
"on line" practices.
The pledging process, which includes
"on line," was abolished this summer,
said Darryl Matthews, Alpha Phi Alpha
Inc. national director of marketing and
"On line" was a private aspect of
black Greek membership requirements.
Members said they could not specify
what "on line" entails because it was a
secret part of the pledge process.
Toija Riggins, a member of Delta
Sigma Theta sorority, said membership
requirements will remain a private
artin faces challenge
of '91 budget planning
By DAVID ETCHIS0N
Many choices face Gov. Jim Martin
as he prepares next year's budget and
deals with this year's shortfall as well as
the one projected for 1990-91.
Martin formed the Council of Fiscal
Advisers in August to examine long
range economic forecasts. He is pres
ently working with the council and other
experts to plan the 1990-91 budget that
will be presented in January. That budget
must include $484 million of next year's
budget that has already been earmarked
by previous legislative sessions.
"The long-range plan is being for
mulated now," said Jeff Merritt,
Martin's spokesman. "He's pretty tight
lipped about what it will contain. There's
nothing really set in stone."
The central method being consid
ered to offset the budget problem is
raising revenues. An increased flow of
cash to the state government is the only
option left in battling the budget, said
Dave Crotts, senior fiscal analyst with
Reality is a crutch for people who can't cope with drugs. - Lily Tomlin
Letter to the editors 8
because they are "the most obvious
symptom of the budget cuts on campus.
"Granted, shortened library hours are
only a symptom of a much larger
problem, but dealing with it would at
least be a step in the direction of an
overall solution," he said.
Letters were sent to NCSU Chancel
lor Larry Monteith, Gov. Jim Martin,
Sen. Jesse Helms, U.S. Senate candi
date Harvey Gantt and representatives
of the 16 UNC-system schools.
Monteith could not be reached for
UNC student leaders said they would
VtMiMiiw u.tl. wOiZ? I-:;'.'?' .
"Membership intake is a secret pro
cess for all black Greek organizations,"
she said. "We have a public image of
public service. We have a private image
which will remain private."
But she said secret practices are not
"Our secrecy is not directed toward
any one race," she said. "This is some
thing that is characteristic of any secret
Melodie Griffith, UNC Black Greek
Council president, said differences in
the membership process this year would
be the lack of public lines and the way
members would learn the organization's
Each black Greek organization will
enact its own changes in the pledge
process, but members cannot say pub
licly what kinds of changes will take
the General Assembly. "You can't
nickel and dime anymore in terms of
spending reductions," he said.
So far, government agencies have
avoided cutting positions, but that has
put the squeeze on operating funds, said
Mickey Hutchins, deputy secretary of
the Department of Economic and
"We have to make the choice,"
Hutchins said. "I don't see a great deal
of fat left. If we cut operating cost, we'll
have people that have nothing to work
with. I don't see much to cut further
without there being a reduction in ser
vice. We never hear anything about
There are many options available for
raising revenue, including raising taxes,
One measure already before the leg
islature is a proposal to increase the
sales tax by 1 percent and close some
loopholes in the sales tax laws. Raising
See BUDGET, page 4
not participate in Turtle's plan. Grant
Vinik, UNC student body vice president,
and Matt Heyd, UNC Student Congress
speaker, said the boycott is misdirected.
"It would be counterproductive to
the image we want to present to, the
legislature," Heyd said.
Vinik said, "They (administrators)
are dedicated to making the best of a
bad situation, and this would be a slap in
the face for all they are doing for us."
Tuttle said shortened library hours
made it difficult for students to study.
"This is just one of the many inconve
niences students face as a result of state
The NCSU library sit-in is planned
delay metal loft inspection
By MARCIE BAILEY
UNC housing department officials
will decide today if Sturdy Boy Lofts
are sturdy enough, said Gretchan
Diffendal, Residence Hall Association
Wayne Kuncl, director of the hous
ing department, said he received a Sturdy
Boy sample loft Wednesday, but offi
cials have not set a definite time to
inspect the loft.
His staff will try to assemble and
inspect the metal loft before the Sept. 30
By SHANNON 0'GRADY
Psychology professor emeritus Wil
liam J. Eichman died on Sunday at the
age of 66.
Memorial services for Eichman will
be held today at Walker's Funeral Home
at 2:30 p.m.
Eichman worked ,at the University
for 25 years before retiring. He made
unprecedented contributions to both the
field of psychology and the University,
psychology professor Grant Dahlstrom
place, she said.
"Other groups won't tell me what
they're doing," Griffith said.
All the attention given to these
changes is unnecessary, Griffith said.
Rush, interviews and pledging will re
main the same, except people won't see
the lines, she said.
Matthews said although national
Alpha Phi Alpha has eliminated pledg
ing, all other entry requirements for the
organization, such as nomination by a
brother, remain the same.
The national organization is educat
ing chapters about new procedures for
accepting members, but the transition
will take time, he said. "We don't pre
tend it's going to be a smooth cut."
Discipline procedures for individu
als who break the new rulings on
pledging will be explained in a manual
On the right path
Chris Civalier, research technician, and Holly Jenison,
secretary, both in the pathology department, stand in
for Oct. 2.
"We will assemble before the
(library's) scheduled closing time and
enter the library with our books to study,"
Tuttle wrote. "We will then sit and
study until we leave at 1 a.m., a rea
sonable closing time."
Tuttle said he hoped a sit-in would
bring public attention to the problems
caused by education budget cuts.
"Wre just want to show our interest,"
he said. "We're not working against the
legislators or the university, but rather
we're working with them to try to make
some positive changes."
Charles Gilreath, assistant director
for public services at the NCSU library,
deadline for constructing lofts in resi
dence halls, he said. Students' mainte
nance requests for air conditioning and
furniture placement are presently oc
cupying the housing department staff.
Diffendal said the deadline for con
structing lofts may be postponed beyond
Sept. 30., depending on Kuncl's decision
about the safety of the lofts.
Dave Clanton, Sturdy Boy Loft Co.
president, said he called Kuncl every
hour Wednesday because he knew the
loft had been delivered, but never got in
touch with Kuncl.
As director of psychological services
at John Umstead Hospital in Butner,
Eichman developed a clinical training
program in conjunction with the Uni
versity, Dahlstrom said. The program
allowed for certain appointees of the
hospital staff to teach at UNC. The staff
members spent one day a week sharing
their hospital experiences with psy
"This is a very unusual training ar
rangement in terms of other programs
across the country," Dahlstrom said.
"North Carolina achieved outstanding
written by national organization offi
cials, Matthews said.
"We will expel -members of our fra
ternity who engage in pledge activities
or hazing," he said.
Matthews said the rules also apply to
people who are hazed. Those people
who allow themselves to be hazed will
disqualify themselves from consider
ation for membership, he said.
Sly Surels, president of UNC's
Omega Psi Phi fraternity, said changes
in his group's pledge process will help
retain its integrity.
"The Supreme Council (of Omega
Psi Phi) is trying to make sure that the
members in the organization are fo
cusing on ideals (of the fraternity) rather
than on demeaning pledges and bring
ing negative press to the organization,"
a r Ax- -
was in favor of the protest, Tuttle said.
Gilreath was unavailable for comment.
Students are prepared to hold a sec
ond sit-in on Oct. 9 if the first does not
receive enough support, he said.
If the sit-ins fail to work, Tuttle said
he wanted to organize a class boycott
with other universities.
"The plan would be to tell students
not to attend classes on the specified
day," Tuttle said. "We plan to speak
with professors and ask them to make
some concessions, such as assigning
homework in lieu of classwork for that
Tuttle proposed holding a student
body rally if both sit-ins failed.
"He (Kuncl) is sitting on this thing,"
Clanton said. "He hasn't done a damn
thing about it. This is a power play for
him; he doesn't give a damn about
people who are waiting for their lofts."
Sturdy Boy Lofts ran an ad in a
summer edition of The Daily Tar Heel
for its metal lofts. Metal lofts are not
approved by housing department policy,
preventing students who purchased the
lofts from assembling them in their
See LOFTS, page 2
dies at 6
status in the field of clinical training
because of that program."
Eichman's wife said he had a unique
ability to work in both the academic and
"Students admired his ability to
function in both worlds," Mrs. Eichman
said. "I think that is the one thing his
students remember him for."
Eichman was a very respected clini
cian, Mrs. Eichman said. "I was told
that people wanted to think like he did,"
See EICHMAN, page 4
Changes will occur in his fraternity's
pledging process, but he could not give
specific details, Surels said.
"There is to be no more line, per se,"
Donee Thomas, a member of the
Delta Sigma Theta sorority, said her
sorority's national organization had not
finalized changes in membership re
quirements. "We're waiting on the final
Dana Lumsden, Alpha Phi Alpha
fraternity member, said he thought by
covering the pledging changes, the
media overlook other aspects of black
"In my opinion, the concentration of
news media in the black Greek pledge
system is offensive," he said. "We do so
much more than pledge people."
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front of a bulletin board prepared by business manager
Nancy Nye during State Employees Appreciation Week.