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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 98, Issue 92
Wednesday, October 31, 1990
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
i) d ft Q
Saddam believes U.S.
Saddam Hussein, making final
preparations for combat, said Tuesday
he anticipates an attack in the next few
days by the United States and its allies.
A senator said President Bush's "pa
tience is wearing thin."
In the Persian Gulf, eight American
sailors died when a steam pipe ruptured
in the boiler room of the USS Iwo Jima.
And in Saudi Arabia, a Marine was
killed in an accident while driving in the
Bush discussed possible military
action against Iraq in a meeting with
congressional leaders. He refused to
comment publicly on a report that the
Un ited States plans to discuss a timetable
with U.S. allies for a military offensive.
In a meeting of his military com
manders, Saddam discussed final
"preparations for urban warfare and
necessary measures to be taken in the
event of combat in (Kuwait)," the Iraqi
News Agency reported.
"We must be prepared with all that
God has given us of potential to thwart
perfidious intentions by the United
States and its allies to launch an attack
in the next few days," the report quoted
Saddam as saying.
Bush gives counsel
WASHINGTON President Bush
has granted White House Counsel C.
Boyden Gray a power denied everyone
else in government authority to permit
himself to decide issues in which he
might have a conflict of interest.
The authority is contained in a new
presidential order on ethics issued Oct.
17. White House and federal ethics of
ficials who helped prepare the order
expressed surprise this past week when
shown that the document authorizes
Gray to exempt his own actions from
criminal conflict-of-interest laws.
Nevertheless they were confident that
Gray, who once said, "I was my own
ethics officer" while counsel to then
Vice President Bush, would never ac
tually use the authority.
"Mr. Gray would never grant a waiver
for himself," said deputy White House
press secretary Al ixe Glen. "In the event
that that hypothetically were to ever
come up, the president would be the
5 Hindus killed, 20
wounded in strife
AYODHYA, India Government
forces fired on thousands of Hindu
fundamentalists who broke through
police barricades Tuesday and forced
Five Hindus were killed and 20
At least 23 people were killed in
pther parts of India as the long dispute
between Hindus and Moslems over
ownership of the site came to a head.
The controversy has left at least 1 35
people dead in the past week, brought
Prime Minister V.P. Singh's govern
ment close to collapse and further
strained already tense relations between
India's Hindu majority and Moslem
Singh, who opposes the Hindu cam
paign to replace the 16th-century Mos
lem mosaue. on Tuesday repeated his
offer to resign if his party thought it
would help contain the sectarian vio
From Associated Press reports
The Study Abroad Fair offers infor
mation on foreign study today 3
Student-athletes discuss their roles
Devils Duke Heels
Duke volleyball topsTar Heels in tough
five-game match..... 9
Campus and City 2
State and National 5
Arts and Features 8
t 1990 DTH Publishing Corp. All rights reserved.
By JEFFREY D. HILL
A meeting called by Student Body
President Bill Hildebolt about the con
troversial sculpture, "The Student
Body," drew only 40 people Tuesday
"This (the turnout) is not a reflection
of how hot an issue this is on campus,"
Hildebolt said. "I think it would be fair
to say the issue has cooled, but the
debate is not dead."
The controversy surrounding the
sculpture has been heated since the
sculpture was placed in front of Davis
Library Oct. 24. Hildebolt scheduled
the meeting about the sculptures at the
first available opportunity, he said.
Harold Wallace, vice chancellor of
University affairs and the only admin
istrator at the meeting, would not ven
ture a guess as to what kind of message
the small turnout would send to the
Black Cultural Center Director
Margo Crawford said the small atten
dance could be attributed to traditional
African-American feelings that it was a
waste of time to come because "non
targets of racism really don't feel it."
Sabrina Evans, Black Student
Movement president, said, "I don't think
they (the administration) should use
this turnout as any indication of the
offensiveness of the statue. They have
had plenty of indications, and to just use
this one as a sole indicator would be a
Administrators may be waiting to
hear from members of student govern
ment before making any decision about
what to do with the sculpture, Evans
"They (the administration) have al
ready heard from the hundreds out by
the sculptures," she said. "They have
heard from various student organiza
tions like the Black Student Movement
and Student Congress."
Hildebolt said the administration was
aware that the statues were offensive to
many people and was trying to wait to
hear all sides on the issue.
People attending the meeting said
"The Student Body" symbolized the
larger issue of racism and sexism on the
University campus. The sculpture's
presence in front of Davis Library im
plies an acceptance of the racist and
sexist undertones in the artwork, some
igh court may hear UNC-system lawsuit against
By ELIZABETH BYRD
The UNC system could face a Su
preme Court battle over the
government's right to check federal
agencies compliance with civil rights
A case filed by the UNC system nine
years ago could go to the U.S. Supreme
Court if a Virginia circuit court of ap
peals refuses to reconsider a decision
that would require all system schools to
comply with non-discrimination and
Female professors voice
concerns over leave policy
By SHANNON 0'GRADY
Some female faculty members said
recently they are concerned about the
maternity leave policy at the University
because it often causes resentment
Barbara Harris, director of the
women's studies department, said that
when a female professor requested
maternity leave, no funding was avail
able in her department for a substitute
instructor to take over her classes.
"In order to take maternity leave, you
have to beg your male colleagues or
other females in your department to
cover your classes," she said.
If another department member agrees
to teach the classes, he or she will not
receive additional compensation for the
extra time and effort, Harris said. "If a
woman requests six weeks leave in
March and April, the school does not
have a regular fund to pay someone to
teach for her during that time."
Laura Gasaway, law professor, said
she was trying to make it easier for
professional women at UNC to have
children by leading the Women's
The coalition is composed of chair
women from various campus organi
zations and departments, including the
Association of Women's Faculty and
the Department of Women's Studies,
afraid to die. I just don't want to
SBP Bill Hildebolt at campus
Evans said, "I am opposed to the
University's adoption of that perception
(of sculptor Julia Balk's view of the
University). I have a problem with the
University erecting that as a symbol of
the University, something permanent
Matthew Stewart, co-chairman of
Network for Minority Issues, said, "I
affirmative action regulations, officials
The UNC system filed the case be
cause officials did not believe schools
in the system not receiving federal
contracts should have to submit affir
mative action plans for review to the
The appeals court in Richmond ruled
Monday that the federal government
had the right to require all schools, even
those not receiving federal contracts, to
submit the plans if they were affiliated
she said. "The coalition takes all the
groups who work with women's issues
on campus and brings them together."
The chancellor meets with the coa
lition once a year to discuss women's
concerns such as faculty development,
child care and maternity leave policies,
Gasaway said. The coalition will speak
with Hardin Nov. 6.
Last year, members of the coalition
suggested that the University create a
pool of funds to pay substitute instruc
tors while faculty members take ma
ternity leave, she said. Chancellor
Hardin thought creating a fund was a
good idea, but money is scarce, Gasaway
said; "Of course there are no funds this
Jane Brown, journalism professor, is
presently on maternity leave. Taking
maternity leave can cause many prob
lems within a department, Brown said.
"Since there is no funding for the
department to pay someone to pick up
my load there is a lot of resentment,"
she said. Special favors often are ex
pected from the returning instructor to
repay her colleagues for the time she
took off, Brown said.
"We should not have to be burdened
by that guilt," she said. "We need to
make it easier for professional women
to have children."
See MATERNITY, page 11
meeting to discuss statues
agree that this statue is a symbol of the
deeper problem of institutionalized
racism on this campus. It is important
that we keep agitating to get it moved."
Student Congress member Tonya
Alford said, "If they are going to display
that out in front of Davis Library and
See MEETING, page 11
with other universities that received
UNC-system lawyers probably will
ask the appeals court to rehear the case.
The appeals panel, or the entire appeals
court, could rule on the case if lawyers
ask for a rehearing on the issue. If the
court denies the request lor a second
hearing, the system could ask the Su
preme Court to review the case.
'The decision to petition for a re
hearing has not been formally made,"
said Thomas Ziko, a special deputy
Is the Price right?
U.S. Congressman David Price delivers a campaign
speech in the Union Tuesday night. The event was
be there when it
By THOMAS HEALY
A Knoxville, Tenn. man has re
newed a civil lawsuit against the
University charging that his daughter
was not admitted to UNC in 1989
because of sexual and racial dis
crimination. Don Hall, acting as agent for his
daughter, Nichole Dee Hall, filed the
suit in Orange County Superior Court
Oct. 20. He dropped the same suit one
year ago to wait for the Civil Rights
Commission to complete its investi
gation of allegations of discrimination
at the University.
That report has not been issued yet,
and the deadline for renewing the
lawsuit was Oct. 20.
Hall claims his daughter met the
admission standards of the University
but was rejected, while other less
qualified students were admitted.
Among those less qualified students
admitted were black male athletes,
out of state students, children of alumni
Chapel Hill Town
By KRIS DONAHUE
About 100 people packed into the
council chamber Monday night to dis
cuss such issues as a conservation dis
trict for the Northside neighborhood,
ArtsCenter funding and the Highway
The major issue facing the council
was an amendment to define the dif
ferences among single-family houses,
duplexes and rooming houses, with the
expectation of clarifying the regulations
that could be placed on each.
The amendment governs the kinds of
structures college students may live in
and is an effort to discourage the con
struction of new duplexes in Northside.
attorney general arguing for the UNC
system. "(But) we've been in litigation
for nine years. Basically we think we're
Monday the 4th U.S. Circuit Court of
Appeals ruled 2-1 in favor of the Office
of Federal Contract Compliance Pro
grams (OFCCP) and the U.S. Labor
Department, which support a broad in
terpretation of the law regarding who
must adhere to federal standards.
The 16 UNC-system campuses
should be considered a single state
MII e m mmmmMmmmmmmttm9tmm w '
'' ' ' J
happens. -Woody Allen
and children whose parents are em
ployed in the UNC system, the lawsu it
Named as defendants in the suit
are: former University admissions
officer Richard Cashwell, the UNC
system Board of Governors, N.C.
Attorney General Lacy Thornburg and
UNC-system President CD. Spangler.
Hall claims that his daughter's
grade point average of 2.8 and Scho
lastic Aptitude Test score of around
900 meet the University's standards
for admission as outlined in the 1988
89 general catalog of the University.
He also claims an admissions of
ficer told him in 1987 that "UNC
would like its freshmen applicants to
have better than a 4C average, and
hopefully some challenging courses
completed, and a score of around 900
or better on the Standard Achievement
See ADMISSIONS, page 11
One Northside resident, accompanied
by a woman wearing a mask and a large
cardboard box with windows drawn on
it and pictures of cars pasted all around
it, told the council that the amendment
did not completely address the problem
of duplexes in the area.
The box represented duplexes, which
could still be built under the new
amendment, she said.
The woman wearing the box took it
off and presented it to the council, but
despite the gift, it voted unanimously to
approve the amendment without change.
The council also voted not to expand
the neighborhood, keeping the present
See COUNCIL, page 2
agency, the appeals panel said, revers
ing a decision by Judge Earl Britt of
Not all UNC-system schools have
federal contracts, which is the binding
factor to the universities' compliance
with the federal regulations.
The University system has argued
that the five system schools that do not
have federal contracts should not be
subject to Labor Department reviews of
See COURT, page 2
the UNC Young Democrats. See story,