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Volume 98, Issue 102
Wednesday, November 14, 1990
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
G3 o c c- a
9 NEA officials resign,
cite artistic restraints
WASHINGTON Nine of the 1 1
members of a National Endowment for
the Arts literary panel have resigned to
protest an alleged attempt by Congress
to restrict freedom of artistic expression
in the endowment's new $174 million
budget, the dissenters said Tuesday.
In a letter informing NEA chairman
John E. Frohnmayer of their resignations
on Monday, the panelists denounced
restrictions that Congress imposed on
the endowment's grant-making au
thority in the fiscal 1991 budget year,
which began Oct. 1.
"We question the constitutionality of
the language," they wrote. "We deplore
the impl ied threat of censure and attempt
to constrict freedom of artistic expres
sion and the rights granted by the First
They protested a congressional re
quirement that the NEA chairman "shall
ensure" that grants are made "taking
into consideration general standards of
decency and respect for the diverse
beliefs and values of the American
Marines to stage first
WASHINGTON U.S. Marines
will conduct their first amphibious as
sault exercise in Saudi Arabia since
being deployed to the Persian Gulf, the
Pentagon said Tuesday.
Defense Department spokesman Pete
Williamsdeclinedtosay where in Saudi
Arabia the exercise would be held or
when it would start.
The Washington Times reported that
the exercise would be 10 miles from
Iraqi-occupied Kuwait and quoted un
named U.S. officials as saying it was
"provocative" to hold the maneuvers
that close to the border.
"I don't see how you could in any
way describe them as provocative,
Williams said about the maneuver. "This
is Saudi sovereign territory. It isn't like
parts of the country have already been
red-lined away. It's all Saudi Arabia
that we are talking about.
Mild earthquake hits
South Carolina coast
CHARLESTON, S.C A mild
earthquake Tuesday rattled South
Carolina's coast, causing no major
damage or injuries, authorities said.
The earthquake, which measured
about 3.5 on the Richter scale, struck at
10:22 a.m. and was centered about 10
miles north of Charleston, according to
the U.S. Geological Survey in Reston,
In 1 886, the same area was hit by the
most destructive earthquake to hit the
eastern United States. That quake, which
measured 7.7 on the Richter scale, killed
60 people, destroyed 1 02 buildings and
damaged 8,000 others.
Several law enforcement agencies
received telephone calls from people
who said they fe It Tuesday s earthquake.
The only reported damage was a broken
water pipe leading into a factory that
makes portable bridges for the Army..
"People were sitting upstairs in their
chairs when they started shaking," said
Glenda Elrod, an employee of Ketron
Inc. "We all said 'What was that?' Then
we realized that's what caused the pipe
to break." The plant employs about 65
From Associated Press reports
Alpha Tau Omega sponsors benefit;
music sale 2
Union Gallery art exhibition confronts
Helms censorship 3
Coach Mack Brown eliminating bowl
game talk before the Duke game ..5
Local ; '. 2
City and Campus 3
Classified v 6
1990 OTH Publishing Corp. All rights reserved.
By LEE WEEKS
The state NAACP office probably
will file a racial discrimination com
plaint with the federal government
within the next few weeks on behalf of
University police officer Keith Edwards.
Alan McSurely, Edwards lawyer,
said Tuesday it was not a question of
filing a complaint, but with what federal
agency. "It's more now deciding which
By ELIZABETH BYRD
UNO's Human Rights Week will
continue without its most prominent
speaker, anti-apartheid activist
Winnie Mandela, whose appearance
was canceled Tuesday.
Zenobia Hatcher- Wilson, director
of the Campus Y, which is sponsoring
Human Rights Week, said members
of the week's planning committee
had heard rumors last week that
Mandela would have to cancel her
"Rumors surfaced Friday of last
week, but we were told by people in
the U.S. that she was still coming,"
she said. "It was just a matter of
separating fact from fiction. I mean,
I read she was in the United States
last week when she wasn't."
The cancellation was finalized
with a telephone call Tuesday from
Themba Vilakazi, director of the
Boston-based Fund for a Free South
Africa, a subgroup of the African
National Congress, Hatcher-Wilson
Shilpi Somaya, Campus Y co
president, said no one knew why
Mandela had canceled the speech.
"We don't know at all," she said.
"We've been on the phone to South
Africa all day."
Mandela's spokesmen promised
to fax Human Rights Week orga
nizers an explanation for the decision,
but nothing had arrived by Tuesday
evening, Somaya said.
Mary Tiseo, a spokeswoman for
the Fund for a Free South Africa,
said the decision for Mandela not to
visit the campus came from
Perry Farrell, lead singer of Jane's Addiction, performs
enthusiastically to a sold-out crowd in Memorial Hall
have had just
iimy pMmae federal
federal agency should hold the hear
ings." Kelly Alexander, president of the
North Carolina branch of the National
Association for the Advancement of
Colored People, said he would not
confirm McSurely's statement because
an official announcement at this junc
ture would be premature.
Alexander said he planned to make a
public statement about the NAACP's
Mandela's office in Johannesburg,
South Africa. It was not a decision the
North American office made, she said.
She did not know the specific reasons
behind the decision, Tiseo said.
"Her schedule just wouldn't allow
her to leave," she said.
"I know it must be disappointing.
We had a similar experience here in
Boston. A church full of 2,000 women
was waiting for her to come, and in the
end she just couldn't make it."
Hatcher-Wilson said she was not
sure if Human Rights Week organiz
ers would seek another speaker to
Somaya said that although
Mandela's absence would leave a hole
in the week' s schedule, her appearance
was not crucial for the success of
Human Rights Week. The week-long
celebration was planned before
Mandela initially confirmed her ap
pearance in October.
"Winnie really was a last-minute
addition," she said. "We didn't know
until three weeks ago that she was
coming. Human Rights Week will
still be great without her."
Donald B oulton, vice chancellor of
student affairs, said; "(Mandela's
appearance) was kind of an added
feature that came along out of the
blue, and the blue just faded a little."
Boulton said he was unsure why
Mandela canceled arid did not know
whether the Campus Y had lost any
money because of the cancellation.
Hatcher-Wilson said Mandela also
canceled an engagement at Bennett
Col lege in Greensboro, where she was
to speak and receive an honorary de
about all I can
JV (J i:
course of action regarding Edwards'
lawsuit against the University at 4 p.m.
Sunday, Nov. 18, at the Hargraves Cen
ter on Robeson Street in Chapel Hill.
Information sometimes is publicly
divulged before the people involved in
the decision-making process are ready
to reveal such details, he said.
"His (McSurely's) comment may
ultimately turn out to be correct," he
By ERIC B0LASH
In the summer of 1989, Li Lu stood
by and watched as a fellow student in
Tiananmen Square stared down a tank
in a non-violent protest against the
Chinese government. But Li said he
found hope in the example set by the
soldier who drove the tank.
"It is so wonderful we have a picture
of a Chinese student standing in front of
a tank," Li said, referring to a photo
taken during the student protests on
June 4, 1989. "And I'm sure a lot of
others did the same and were crushed.
Whenever I think about those events it
always gives me great courage be
cause the soldier in the tank stopped.
"It means the weapon of non-v iolence
will win over the weapon of tanks."
Li, one of the keynote speakers for
Human Rights Week, sponsored by the
Campus Y, spoke to a group of about
300 in Hill Hall Tuesday night about the
student demonstrations that he helped
lead in Tiananmen Square.
Li spoke about the history of Chinese
resistance against the government from
40 years ago to present, and he told the
group about what he feels is his purpose
as an exiled Chinese student in the
- See LI LU, page 7
in concert to promote the band's latest
de lo Habitual.
take of myself .
Edwards, a female African-American
University police officer, has filed nu
merous internal grievances against the
University alleging racial and sexual
discrimination in the police
department's promotion practices.
Edwards has a legitimate case against
the University, Alexander said. "In re
viewing the Keith Edwards file, and in
that particular case, it does appear that
Mrs. Edwards has been discriminated
activist hopes for
Sf; x. I
f - i
Li Lu speaks in Hill Hall Tuesday night for Human Rights Week
SEAC to march against
N.C. highway ftindin)
By CATHY 0BERLE
The Student Environmental Action
Coalition will participate in a march
with the Orange County Greens and
Sierra Club today in an attempt to have
the $9. 1 billion Highway Trust Fund
The Highway Trust Fund, which was
passed in 1989, is a plan for the con
struction of new state highways in the
next 13 years.
The march will begin at 1 1 :30 a.m. at
the Capitol in Raleigh and will end at
the Department of Transportation, where
there will be a rally organized by the
Triangle Network for Transportation.
Lisa Abbott, SEAC co-chairwoman,
and the Rev. W.W. Finlator will speak
at the rally.
Politics, art and censorship
forum prompted by exhibit
By MICHELLE RABIL
Students will have an opportunity to
voice their opinions about censorship,
art and politics at a forum tonight in the
Carolina Union Art Gallery.
The forum, which will began at 7
p.m., was prompted by the art exhibit
now on display in the Student Union.
The exhibit, "Extremely Visible. Art
and artifacts of the Helms era," is a
collection of works different artists
created in response to U.S. Sen. Jesse
Helms attack on artists.
Sylvia Thyssen, chairwoman for the
Gallery Committee for the Carolina
Union Activities Board (CUAB), said
the forum was open to anyone. The
committee has invited community
members, local artists and students to
speak, but anyone can attend the forum
and voice their opinion, she said. Artist
Anne Rowles and Kay Alexander, music
critic for The Independent, will be two
of the participants in the forum.
"The exhibit is there to promote
dialogue and understanding about what
against," he said.
Edwards said she had every reason to
believe that her grievances would be
heard by a federal government agency.
"From what he (Alexander) told my
lawyer last night, there is going to be an
investigation," Edwards said.
McSurely said Alexander would
make a public announcement before
See NAACP, page 7
SEAC has attempted to publicize the
issue locally, but the march and rally
will be its first effort on the state level,
"We have been working on the loc I
level to raise awareness," she said i
hope (the march) will bring the issue to
Raleigh, where the decisions have to be
Dan Coleman, an Orange County
Greens member, said, "We want to bring
attention to the problems with state
There should be a lot of community
support for the march since the Orange
County Greens and the Sierra Club are
involved, said Alec Guettel, SEAC co
chairman. See SEAC, page 7
is going on," Thyssen said.
The exhibit and the forum are im
portant because they "address the im
plications for the general public in this
attack on free speech in the arts," she
Speeches will be kept to a minimum
to allow time for questions and discus
sion, Thyssen said. No one who favors
censorship was invited to speak, but
anyone who does is welcome to attend
the forum, she said.
Sharon Sentelle, former chairwoman
of the UNC College Republicans, said
the forum was a good idea if it is not a
one-sided attack on Helms. "The Uni
versity has opened everyone to new
Xavier Toubes, a UNC assistant art
professor and one of the artists featured
in the exhibit, said, "Any situation that
would create discussion is good for the
students and the community. It's im
portant that these voices are heard and
See FORUM, page 7