North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
50 chance of rain
High near 60
. Tuesday: Rain
High in mid-50s
creator of Kwanzaa
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume S3, Issue 112
Monday, December 3, 1S90
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
wee omceirs pBose mnm
JjT I I
II M II 1
m o e r? u $
Chad leader killed,
rebel Deby takes over
N'DJAMENA, Chad Rebel leader
Idriss Deby entered the capital in tri
umph Sunday, and Libyan news reports
said deposed President Hissene Habre
had been killed near the Sudanese bor
der. Deby arrived in N 'djamena in a black
Mercedes, escorted by all-terrain ve
hicles. He refused to recognize the
remnants of Habre's government as the
country's legitimate authority, but de
clared that his Patriotic Salvation
Movement would institute a democracy.
"My worry is not to be president of
the republic," he said.
"This country must become demo
cratic, pluralist. The moment has come
to lay down our arms."
He did not rule out being president,
but said the decision would rest with his
party. He was to meet later Sunday with
Alingue Bawayeu, president of Chad's
National Assembly and the highest
ranking politician left in the capital.
Body count increases
after violent protests
DHAKA, B angladesh More anti
government protesters poured into the
streets Sunday, and an opposition leader
said dozens of people were killed and
thousands wounded since emergency
rules were decreed five days earlier.
The new protests broke out when the
government of President Hussain
Muhammad Ershad relaxed a curfew
for 12 hours. About 500 university
teachers announced they were quitting
their jobs to protest the emergency or
ders suspending civil liberties.
The Interior Ministry said security
forces broke up "an unruly mob" that
tried to ransack stores and burn vehicles
in Dhaka's maintain downtown shop
ping area. No details were given.
But in general, the law-and-order
situation was improving, the ministry
claimed in a news release.
SCUD test missiles
NICOSIA, Cyprus Iraq launched
surface-to-surface missiles Sunday in
what appeared to be test firings, U.S.
and British military officials said. U.S.
Defense Secretary Dick Cheney said
they may have been SCUD missiles.
There were reports that allied forces
in the Persian Gulf went on alert, but
U.S. military officials refused to discuss
In Washington, Cheney confirmed
the firings and said they were apparently
SCUD missiles "or SCUD variants."
He said the test took place entirely within
He said Iraqi President Saddam
Hussein has used SCUD missiles in the
past with conventional warheads. But
he said the missiles, which have a range
of up to 400 miles, "could conceivably
carry chemical weapons."
"They're not very accurate accu
rate enough to hit a city, not accurate
enough to hit a point target," Cheney
said in an interview on ABC-TV.
The defense secretary said the last
such test launch was in April, four
months before the Aug. 2 invasion of
"It's, I think, proof again, if anybody
needed any, that he does in fact have
ballistic missiles and the capacity to use
them," Cheney said
From Associated Press reports
Wining and dining
Local restaurants to give 10 percent
of their profits to the needy 2
Garbage in, garbage, out
Orange County collects 1 90 tons of
reusable materials 4
Margaret Thatcher may receive seat
In House of Lords 5
Campus and City 3
Arts and Features 6
Sports Monday.... 12
1990 DTH Publishing Corp. All rights reserved.
By TIM BURROWS
Seven University police officers said
this weekend they were opposed to plans
calling for hiring 16 security guards in
Carolyn Elfland, acting associate vice
i if J
' J ... -m
frii ii iiiiiirifnnri-'-m'riirtnTiitfiniirirftvirtiiiiiifrirt - " " ..
Nollie Jones Sr., a professional wood carver from
Winston-Salem, demonstrates his craft at Crafts Fest
Professor decided not to
By BRIAN G0LS0N
John Shelton Reed, sociology pro
fessor and director of the UNC Institute
for Research in Social Science, decided
not to print his article that suggested
Martin Luther King Jr.'sdoctoral degree
be revoked because of extensive pla
giarism on his dissertation.
esources for scholarships, loans
By JENNIFER DUNLAP
Student financial resources are di
minishing as some University funds for
non-need-based scholarships have been
eliminated, and funds for loans this year
have almost run out, officials said.
Ben Tuchi, vice chancellor for busi
ness and finance, said the Office for
Scholarships and Student Aid gave
fewer scholarships to UNC students
because revenue and scholarship funds
from the UNC Student Stores had de
creased in the last three years.
Hardin to seek settlement with Edwards,
to respond to state NAACFs suggestions
By SUSIE KATZ
Chancellor Paul Hardin said Sunday
he would seek a settlement in the racial
and gender discrimination case of
University police officer Keith Edwards.
"I've asked for the University attor
ney to arrange for (Edwards) and me to
talk with the state attorney general's
office," Hardin said. "I'd like to have
that case settled in any honorable way."
Hardin said his response to NAACP
state president Kelly Alexander would
disclose his intention to have University
representatives meet with Edwards and
Edwards' lawyer Alan McSurely "with
an eye toward trying to reach some
Hardin also said he would respond
by Tuesday to several requests made by
who hesitates is
chancellor for business, announced the
decision Nov. 29. The security guards
will be hired to help relieve commis
sioned officers of non-police duties, she
The officers denounced plans to have
security guards respond to emergencies
Reed said detailed rumors that King
plagiarized much of his Boston Uni
versity doctoral dissertation were cir
culating in academic circles throughout
February and March.
Assuming the American press would
soon report the story, he wrote an article
about King's plagiarism for the June
issue of the Chronicle, an Illinois-based
The Student Stores has been losing
revenue because of state cutbacks, re
moval of profitable items, renovation
and textbook sales, Tuchi said.
The Faculty Council's Committee
on Scholarships, Awards and Student
Aid annual report stated that the finan
cial aid office promised $240,000 in
need-based scholarships to students for
the 1989-90 academic year, but the
expected revenue from Student Stores
was $188,000 less than expected.
Students received the promised
scholarships from an emergency reserve
Alexander. The two have discussed
numerous grievances filed by employ
ees against the University, as well as the
University's grievance procedure.
Edwards, who has won a racial and
gender discrimination ruling against the
University, has rejected previous
Hardin said he hoped a settlement
could be reached this time.
"If Mr. Alexander thinks there's any
possibility of settling it, I'm willing to
try it again," he said. "I'm just hoping
some feeling of circumstance has
changed so we might be able to work it
McSurely declined to comment on
the possibility of a settlement before
seeing Hardin's response in writing.
Edwards said she would delay her
not only lost, but
and alarms, and said that such a policy
would endanger the lives of students
Security guards would be powerless
to act in most emergency situations,
except to call a officer to handle the
situation, they said.
held in Great Hall. The craft show was sponsored by the
Carolina Union Activities Board.
reveal reports of King's plagiarism
"I wrote an article about plagiarism,
about why it's important and why it
should be taken seriously," Reed said.
He suggested in the article that BU
revoke the doctorate since much of the
dissertation was taken from someone
"I offered some advice to BU that
fund made from revenues from Trade
mark Royalty, which licenses the use of
the UNC logo, the report said.
Eleanor Morris, director of the Office
for Scholarships and Student Aid, said
the office had not received any funds
from Student Stores' revenue for next
year's scholarships because the funds
have not been allocated yet. She does
not know how much money the office
will receive from Student Stores, Morris
said. "It's too early to speculate."
See AID, page 5
decision whether to file a federal com
plaint against the University until
Alexander announced the results of his
negotiations with Hardin Wednesday.
Edwards had said she would request
federal involvement if she did not re
ceive a satisfactory response from
Hardin by last Friday.
She has decided to wait until
Wednesday's meeting of the recently
reinstated Southern Orange County
chapter of the NAACP before making
her next move, she said. The meeting is
scheduled for 7 p.m. at the Hargraves
James Brittian, a chapter organizer,
said Alexander would discuss at the
meeting what transpired in Alexander's
See NAACP, page 5
miles from the next exit. Unknown
"There's a big difference between a
security guard, how they are trained,
what they are capable of, and a police
officer," said one officer.
One officer suggested that the Uni
versity could be planning to phase out
the University police force entirely. The
City attorney sa
By CULLEN D. FERGUSON
After District Attorney Carl Fox
dismissed charges Friday against five
defendants indicted in a drug raid Nov.
16, Chapel Hill Town Attorney Ralph
Karpinos said concerns over the con
stitutionality of a warrant used to con
duct the raid may be misdirected.
The search, which was conducted by
Chapel Hill and Carrboro police, netted
13 arrests, and police confiscated a small
amount of narcotics and crack cocaine.
Fox said the warrant, which permit
ted a search of North Graham Street,
was unconstitutional because it was too
broad in scope. He added that there was
no legal precedent which a judge could
use to back up the warrant.
But Karpinos said the raid probably
could have occurred without a warrant,
and he was concerned that the focus of
attention on the wording of the warrant
"B ased on my understanding on what
the officers were supposed to do, the
warrant was not a big part of what
happened (on North Graham Street),"
Karpinos said. "The fact that the search
warrant may be invalid isn't really im
portant if the warrant wasn't necessary
in the first place.
Although everyone on the street
during the raid was "patted down" for
weapons, individuals were searched for
drugs only after probable cause was
established, Karpinos said. Undercover
police officers assigned to North Gra
ham Street over a one-month period had
been able to make drug purchases from
several people gathered there, he said.
"If people hadn't actually been
they revoke the Ph.D. because it was
given for work that was not done by
King," he said. "King's reputation does
not rest on his scholarship, so he should
be given an honorary degree."
Reed sent a copy of the article to BU
President John Westling. Westling re
plied with a letter that criticized Reed
for disclosing false rumors.
-:::::::;:-:;:-;-:::-:;:::-!::::-x :':::-:-:':7:: !-':' '
'--':-'--yyy-'--y yyyy'yyyy-y :::-x':'.';':
yyyyyyyyyyy yyyyy :'- - yyy.-.-yy;;'yy yyy : :
v. : ;: :-'y-y-:' ''
The sculptures in the Union gallery were covered up for A Day Without Art
and AIDS Awareness Day on Saturday. See story, page 3.
officer pointed out the hiring of the 16
new guards would bring the number of
guards to 2 1 , three more than the number
Elfland said that guards were being
See POLICE, page 5
identified by name (on the warrant),
they were grouped together and identi
fied by sight," Karpinos said. "If the
officers confirmed that (the suspects)
had been seen participating in illegal
drug activity, they were arrested."
Karpinos said more people were not
actually named on arrest warrants be
cause the undercover officers had been
unable to discover the names of all the
suspects involved. He said officers were
counting on visual identification of
suspects during the raid in order to
apprehend the unnamed individuals.
"If (the suspects) were confirmed by
sight, there was probable cause for ar
rest," Karpinos said.
But Dan Pollitt, a Kenan professor of
law at UNC, said identification by sight
is not enough for a constif ntio .al arrest
and search. A warrant must contain the
names of people to be searched or ar
rested, he said.
"If the policeman can't go out and
find the name of a person he's buying
drugs from, he's pretty stupid," Pollitt
said. "If you want to search and arrest
someone, go get a warrant with a name
on it. That's what you're supposed to
Pollitt said the North Graham Street
raid was unconstitutional because no
one was allowed to leave the area until
they had been checked for weapons. He
added that people who had actually
been identified in arrest warrants should
have been served immediately after the
warrants were drawn up instead of
waiting for a wide-scale operation.
"I think it's a dirty deal to get an
See WARRANT, page 9
"The president of BU replied with a
letter that chewed me out," Reed said.
'This made me pause because I didn't
have chapter and verse on the disserta
tion and the plagiarism story. I was
getting a little nervous because I didn't
want the story to be 'Professor alleges
See REED, page 9