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4The Daily Tar HeelFriday, September 27, 1991
v s f V WORLD BRIEFS
Security Council agrees
to Iraqi document deal
UNITED NATIONS Moving to
defuse the latest standoff with Saddam
Hussein, the Security Council Thurs
day accepted an Iraqi proposal aimed at
ending the three-day detention of U.N.
weapons inspectors in Baghdad.
The inspectors have been held in a
Baghdad parking lot since they uncov
ered documents describing Iraq's se
cret nuclear weapons program.
Under the proposed plan, diplomats
said, the documents, photographs and
videotapes would stay in the possession
of the inspectors while they and Iraqi
authorities prepare a catalog of them.
Iraq had initially demanded that the
team relinquish the documents.
Rolf Ekeus, head of the U.N. Special
Commission charged with disposing of
Iraq's mass-destruction weapons, esti
mated less than 24 hours would be
needed to catalog all the documents,
film and videotape. However, it was not
certain when the inspectors might be
Soviet Union to move
to all-volunteer army
MOSCOW TheSoviet Union soon
will have a civilian defense minister
and will move to an all-volunteer army,
the chief of staff told foreign military
attaches in a briefing Thursday on
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planned sweeping reforms.
Nuclear weapons will be controlled
by the Kremlin, said Gen. Vladimir
Lobov, the No. 2 man in the Soviet
Defense Ministry, but the republics will
have much greater say than before over
virtually every other military question,
including the budget.
The military, Lobov said, will meet
its responsibi lities under recently signed
but still not ratified treaties slash
ing nuclear and conventional forces.
The Soviet military likely will start
moving to an all-volunteer force next
South African students
try to close university
CAPETOWN, South Africa Black
students at one of the nation's most
prestigious universitiesdisrupted classes
and set up burning barricades Thursday
to support striking maintenance work
ers. But the protesters at the predomi
nantly white University of Cape Town
were unable to close down the school as
they did had done Wednesday.
The dean of the Arts Faculty, John
Cartwright, suffered slight leg burns
when his pants caught fire as he kicked
a flaming tire away from a barricade.
About 300 university workers, mostly
maintenance personnel, went on strike
Tuesday after rejecting a 13.5-percent
The Associated Press
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By Anna Griffin
Once again, it appears Saddam
Hussein may have pushed George Bush
The detention of 44 United Nations
inspectors Monday by Iraqi officials
did nothing to alleviate tensions in the
Persian Gulf and led President Bush to
send more than 1 ,300 additional troops
and 1 00 Patriot defense missiles to Saudi
Iraqi officials stopped the inspection
team Monday and threatened to seize
documents which may detail Hussein's
nuclear capabilities. Interference with
the inspection team is against the U.N.
cease-fire resolution calling for destruc
tion of any Iraqi biological, chemical
and nuclear weapons.
Although Hussein pledged Tuesday
not to iinpede helicopter searches by the
U.N. inspectors, the standoff continued
through Wednesday with both sides re
fusing to compromise.
Thursday afternoon, the U.N. Secu
rity Council agreed to an Iraqi demand
that the documents and photographs
collected by the inspection team be cata
logued by U.N. and Iraqi officials.
Iraq had initially demanded that the
inspectors turn over the documents to
Despite the conciliatory movement
by the Security Council, the inspectors
were still being held in a Baghdad park
ing lot Thursday evening.
The movement of troops, planes and
Patriot missiles to Saudi Arabia does
not automatically mean a resumption of
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Monday, September 30th
the fighting, said Cmdr. James Hartman,
Department of Defense spokesman.
"You have to realize that the Patriot
system is meant for defensive efforts
only," he said. "We are doing what we
have to do to protect U.S. forces in the
region and our allies over there."
In a meeting with Lebanese Presi
dent Ilyas Harawi Tuesday, Bush de
nied Iraqi claims that the U.N. team
contains CIA spies.
More conflict could arise next week
when the detained inspection teams try
to move to their next assignment
inspecting western Iraq for Scud mis
siles. Scuds must be destroyed under
the U.N. resolution.
The troop movement and several
tough statements by Bush and Gen.
Colin Powell, chairman of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff, have led to speculation
that further resistance by Hussein could
lead to another round of fighting.
In addition to deploying troops and
missiles, Bush recently authorized send
ing more war planes to the gulf region.
Since the cease-fire, Hussein has
continuously tested U.S. patience, said
Unemployment figures show recovery
By West Lockhart
Unemployment statistics show North
Carolina making marked economic
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angers world leaders
William Leuchtenburg, UNC Kenan
professor of history.
"He is pushing to the limits to see
how far he can go," Leuchtenburg said.
"He certainly has been exasperating."
"The incarceration of the inspecting
team suggests that in no way has he
been humbled by his previous experi
ence," Leuchtenburg said.
Bush is not likely to get involved in
another military engagement if it can be
helped, Leuchtenburg said. The presi
dent has too much to lose politically to
let Hussein entice him into unnecessary
fighting, he said.
"I doubt very much that Bush looks
forward to another engagement of this
sort," Leuchtenburg said. "That's what
Saddam's counting on.
"It will be difficult for Bush to elicit
the same type of enthusiasm both in this
country and abroad. There will be con
siderablequestioningof why, if Saddam
was such a menace, the job wasn't com
pleted the first time."
Despite the recent troop movement,
U.S. forces in the Persian Gulf are only
6 or 7 percent the size of those stationed
in Saudi Arabiaduring Operation Desert
Storm, Hartman said.
Confusion over the fate of the in
spectors continues. Although it appears
improvement compared to other states
that are still waiting for the current
recession to loosen its grip on their
The Tar Heel state took some steps
both privately and publicly before the
recession, moves which have helped
keep its economy sound, said Juliann
Tenney, executive director of the South
ern Growth Policies Board.
A certain amount of foresight and
patience is necessary for moving for
ward during difficult economic times,
Tenney said. The rapid growth of Re
search Triangle Park shows how effec
tive planning, hard work and prepara
tion for future trends can result in a
thriving economic community, he said.
Compared to other states, August
unemployment statistics show North
Carolina surviving well economically,
said Charlotte Ramz, public informa
tion director at the Employment Secu
rity Commission in Raleigh.
The national unemployment rate for
August was 6.8 percent, and in North
Carolina it was 5.9 percent.
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that Hussein will soon release the team,
his demands will no doubt break the
U.N. resolution, said Adm. Eugene
Carroll, a former naval official who
now works at the Center for Defense
Information in Washington, D.C.
"Hussein is going to push and push
and push because he knows he can,"
Carroll said. "He (Bush) certainly isn't
going to get the world's support if he
goes after Hussein now just because he
is being a nuisance."
"The president is going to pay politi
cally if he attacks over nothing. All of
those nations who supported him last
year are going to think twice this time,"
The prospects of war are there, Carrol I
said, but Bush probably won't make the
"You have to look at our reason for
being there now," Carroll said. "We are
supposedly supporting a U.N. inspec
tion team. There is no reason for us to
attack unless that team is k il led. Hussein
isn't that stupid."
But Bush would attack if Hussein
made some military move, Carroll said.
"Don't think the president wouldn't
love to have a reason to attack," Carroll
said. "You can bet he regrets not getting
to Hussein in Desert Storm."
During the same month, Massachu
setts registered 9.2 percent unemploy
ment, and Michigan reported 9. 1 per
cent, Ramz said.
The national economy seems to be
making a gradual recovery based on a
comparison of July to August, said Ray
Partin, a research analyst for the com
mission. It is too early to tell whether this
improvement signals a sustained period
of growth, Partin said.
Manufacturing is one sector of the
N.C. economy that is faring well.Tenney
said. North Carolinians are not losing
their manufacturing jobs because they
have found markets for their products
both nationally and globally.
Travel and tourism throughout the
state have provided a big boost to the
N.C. economy, representing approxi
mately 6.7 percent of the state's gross
product, Tenney said.
Because of tourism "(the state) will
benefit disproportionately to some ar
eas (of the country)," he said. "A few
may outdo us but not many."
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