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LARGEST CIRCULATION IN WILMINGTON
y ., r - , . . .
V OI .XXII. NO. 232.
WILMINGTON, NORTH CAROLINA, SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 3, .1916
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
T WFnlTT T7
' ' -.. " ' , ' ' v ' " V." V " I rtT M '
V . - . - '. j . - ...
. . i ; f " .. i : i
V'ord Flashed by Labor Lead
er? Calling Off Strike Set
THE HOUSE MEASURE
Bitter Words Indulged in and
Republicans Stood Almost
Solidly Against The Action.
President Will Sign The Bil
STRIKE CALLED OFF.
Washington. Sept. 2. The
strike cloud, which hagrjgienj.f.d
the commerce of Ihe nation i for
three we?ks. passed ' swiftly be- '
x yond the poosihility. tonight, fol-
losing the passage by the Sen-
t atp of the Arlamson eight-hour
Tiie ordef-r-alling the train op-
erafiver, out on Monday, Sept. 4,
'- v. as rescinded in telegrams flash-
!v p(i to all parts of the country by
brotherhood chiefs. The decision
t't fil l the controversy without
v.Tifj!12r j-Ql. tj10 signature of
President Wilson- to the bill was
rf-arhed at a conference between
A. H. Oarretson, W. S. Stone, W.
-- ! ' arter and VV. G. Lee.
Thf House bill, which will be
- kn'iwn as the Adamson eight-
hour law, was passed by the Sen--
af h tew minutes after 6 o'clock
thi- evening It was not changed
in any particular. The vote was
'.'c -,r vr -vf vC- vr -sf
Washington. Sept. 2. The House
bill, which will be known as the
Mammon eight-hour law, was passed
by Hi" Senate a few minutes after 6
. o'clock this evening. It was not
chained in any particular. The vote
to 8. The Underwood amend
ni'n'. einpowering the Interstate Com
iri'T' ' 'fjm mission to fix wages and
'h" hours of labor, was killed by a
v"h' "f :,7 to 14.
T'i' action followed a day of de
tf. much of which was conducted
uii'l'T . ircumstances singularly dram
al" !' concluded two weeks of sus
pcii.c. .luring which the nation had
bf'ir confronted with a strike order
s't to become operative on the great
railr H'i on September 4.
'H'" strike has been averted. The
'''"" i- i liood leaders announced to
!!,Phi i he .'order calling ?the men out
von ', i. recalled as soon as the
Pr--:;ifU-M rinali have 8ffiXed liis sig
natin,. , the bill. - It is expected he
lvil1 ' 'sn it at the White House to
rii')iroV morning. The bill incorpo
ra,, 'i "nly two of the measures sug-g-t.
, hy president Wilson to Con-
Am ifjht-hour day for all employes
'I in operating trainson Inter
;ailroads with the same pay as
IVf,n for ten hours work a!nd pro-
'inmission to be appointed by
i" Mtient Wilson to investieate and
rrT"i't on the pfffipfa nf tho oicht-hour
'ipplied to railroads.
1 1"' remainder of the legislative.
rOUr;iii, I,.,,. 1, i i j 1 tV.fr.
"r uvvn auctnuuiieu uy tmo
tSI"n of Congress at least.
"nrolled copy of the Adamson
S SiffriPf! hv Snogtror r'.lnrk'. of
h" House, at ten minutes after 6
,'fi'"1 Six minutes later Senator
"Kb(.s of New jer86y( as president
l"" 'mi pore of the Senate, affixed his
si' cial messenger hurried to the
"'outinued on Page Seven.)
1 ' i.
4: . 4.4.
Iron Gates of The Danube Are !
Now Being Seriously
WAR ON TURKEY
Berlin Claims Success With
Counter Attacks on The
Russians Capture Offi
cers and Men
London, Sept. 2 WiU the Ruma
nians making continued wide incur
sions on Hungarian soil and seriously
threatening Orsova, at the iron gites
of the Danube, Field Marshal von Hin
denburg, now chief of the German gen
eral staff, is reported to have sent 50,
000 German troops to the front to halt
The Austrians admit a withdrawal
in the Orsova region, as well as along
the Southern Carpathian front, where
Hermannstadt, Kronstadt and other
important cities have fallen into the J
hands of the Rumanians.
The invaders already have pressed
twenty miles into Transylvania and
dispatches from Bucharest say that
Maroc Vasarhely, sixty six miles with
in the Hungarian front and the dom
inating point of the Central Transyl
vania valley already is being evacu
ated. Declaration of war by Rumania
against Turkey is announced today.
It was issued in Bucharest on Wed
nesday night, -but owing-to interrupt
ed, conditions between Bucharest and
Constantinople did not reach the Sub
lime Port until today.
Successful counter attacks' by the
Austro-German troops at all of the
vital points of the far-flung battle lifre
in the east are announced by the Ber
lin war office today. The Russian of
fensive which was resumed two days
ago, thus far has met with little suc
cess. Slight further advance is claim
ed by Petrograd toward Halicz and
Zaloche, In Galicia. As against this
the Teutons officially register the cap
ture in two days fighting of 10 officers
and 1,100 men and the reconquest of
ground at Zborov, in the Sereth Valley,
49 miles southeast of Lemberg. Be
sides, tfce right wing of Archduke
Karl's forces, operating in the moun
tainous region east of the Carpathians,
captured two officers and 373 men.
HAS PASSED AWAY
Schwencksville. Pa., Sep. 2. For
mer Governor Samuel W. Penny--packer
died at his home near here to
day from uraemic poisoning . . .
He was 73 years old. He is sur
vived by a widow, three daughters and
er son. He was governor of PehnsyJ
Tania'from 1903 to 1907.
Democratic Standard fearer Opens the Fight
Like Tidal Wave Spirit
Of Revolt Sweeping Greeib
Great Demonstrations In
Favor of The Entente Pow
ers and Against Bulgars
MARTIAL LAW IS
PREVAILING IN ATHENS
Report That King Constantine ;
Has Abdicated Discredited, j
British and French Troops I
Landed Wireless Station j
and German Ships Seized.
London, Sept . '2. Revolution is
Bwponin? Greece like a tidal wave, ac-
cording , to dispatches reaching here J
x ,Ti. mi 1 ,i TfV.ai-n
Eepirious are in revolt and the un
rest has reached Athens. So great is
the fear of revolutionary disturbances!
the capital that martial law hasirom tne warsnips wnicn are couvoy
irQ haro a wftii n -it
n, .1 i. nc o
Practically all o: Northern Greece '
4- H0iif ,nrrPSnnnrtPnts renort.
committee, which calls itself the Na
tional Defense Committee and is
headed by Lieut. Col. Zimbrakakis,
great numbers of volunteers. are being
enrolled to influence the government
in behalf of the entente powers and to
resist the invasion of Greek soil by
Rumors are still flying wildly re-
garding the fate of King Constantine,
but late dispatches indicate thaf he
1st-still"' in safety in his ; palace and
' ' ' ' v ' '
BY AMEftfCAH PRBSS A3SOCtATlOH.
retains the throne. Indeed, a dis
patch from Saloniki reports he has
declared that Greece will maintain
her neutrality, despite the demonstra
tions in favor of Greece's- entrance
into the war.
This statement is said to have been )
made by the monarch at a conference
in the palace yesterday with Premier
Zaimis. The king is said to be in ill
While reports of his abdica-
ton were still in circulation today late
dispatches tended to discredit them
T1 4-x oiifrn btr rt lroofo will ho
friendly toward the entente, according
to an Exchange Telegraph dispatch
from Athens, quoting the premier.
VJl CCVC win await vi v viuuiia-w k
fore taking further z ction
ivieaii wane di iuiaii
troops, landed from transports lying
Athens and the Gfeek seaport. Men
TV! . JJ i . l.11J,
!mg the transports are declared,
have seized the wireless station
Athens, together with four German
ships which have been interned at
'Piraeus since the beginning of the
war. These vessels were owned by
the Levant Line.
COME FROM MEXICO
Laredor Tex., Sept. Three Am
erican refueess. Mr. and Mrs. J. V.
Wilson, of Kodenguez, ana Mrs. j.. w.
King, arrived here today. They said
that their property had been destroyed
by Mexican bandits about two months
Others Seriously Injured
When Auto Turned Turtle
Columbia, S. C:, FSept. 2 Edward
F. Girardeau, a prominent cotton
buyer of Columbia, ' was killed; 'Roy
E. Parrish, checker at a local cot
ton compress, was seriously hurt, and
P. H. Jeffords, another Columbia cot-
ton buyer, was slightly injured about
8 o'clock tonight when an automobile
in which they were riding turned tur
tle at a steel highway bridge, cross
ing a mill pond. about ' eight miles
south of Columbia. . '"
According to Jeffords, who was1
driving, the car skidded when' near
the bridge and 4 crashed , into he rail
ing along the fill, struck the bridge
and overturned, falling fifteen feet,
Girardeau was -caught underline car
and strangled by the water. .
4 i 4,
Most Extensive Air Raid of
The War Menaced England
1 ONE ZEPPELIN
Burst Into Flames High In
Air iSlo Estimate As
Yet of The Cas
ualties London, Sept. 3 (Sunday). The
greatest Zeppelin attack on England
yet attempted took place last night
and early this' morning. - -
Great numbers of Zeppelins took
part in the attack, the objective of
which was London.
Several of the raiders reached Lon
don and hovered over the metropolis
for more than half an hour, dropping
bombs. They finally were driven off
by the British guns and swarms of
aeroplanes, which ascended to attack.
One Zeppelin was shot down. High
in the air it burst into flame in the
view of thousands who had ascended
to roofs to view the mighty spectacle,
it fell within the city limits.
The authorities have as yet been
unable to make an estimate of the
casualties or damage done in the huge
The authorities have as yet been
unable to make an estimate of the
casualties or damage done in the
huge air invasion.
Sir John French, commanding the
home forces, made public the follow
ing statement .t 1 o'clock this morn
"The attack during the night wai3
made by the largest number of air--ships
which has ever raided England.
The eastern cbunties and London
were the objective. The attack on
London was beaten, off and one raid
er brought down in flames. '
"Many bombs were dropped on
widely separated localities. No re
port of casualties or damages has
yet been received." ' "
The raid was In progress more
than four hours, coast cities beingf
the first to be attacked.
The attack on London was the most
extensive and probably resulted in
the most damage to the city of any
since the war began. Large fires are
reported to have started at many
points from explosive and incendiary'
Postoffice Employes to Have
Holiday hours will be observed at
the Postoffice Monday on account of
itsbeine Labor Day. which is aleeal
; The general delivery window will be
ojen from 11 k m: to 12 m and from
7 p. m. to 8 p. m.. Only one trip will
be made by the carriers. Stamps will
be on sale at - the general "-delivery
' window during the hours open.
4. 4, 4.
- . 1 '
Formally, Notified of His Re4,
nomination Yesterday In j
Presence of Huge Crowd j
HOLDS UP RECORDS 1
FOR A COMPARISON
' . i
Rebukes Republican Party for "
Failures and Declares Dem-
ocratic Party Has Kept The'
Faith Vigorously Defends
Shadow Lawn, West End.', N". J.t
SepW 2. No - more picturesque ' set ' v
ting could have been devised than!
that amid which : President Wilson,"
this, afternoon . received ; the official
etiaEbVllh? James made the speech
of announcement. j
Between 25,000 and 30,000 enthw
siastic men and women lustily cheer
ed the outstanding clauses of thai
President's speech, which he read in'
a clear voice from a printed manu
script. His audience sat or stood in
respectful silence until their enthu
siasm burst bounds and cheers punc
tuated certain pirases. . '
Nature smiled her broadest and the
'afternoon '. sunbeamed " from leaden
skies which early threatened a down- v
pour. Superb grounds surround the
palatial dwelling, which Captain J.
B. Greenhut has, placed at 'the dispo
sal of the President and his family
for the summer. Shadow Lawn, with
acres of verdant velvety lawns, ma
jestic trees and exquisitely kept flow
er beds, was never more beautiful.
The wide terraces, .which slope
away from the east front of the state
ly mansion, were jammed with men rf
and women, some occupying the 20,- .
000 or more chairs tnat had been ar
ranged for their, comfort, the over
flow forming an outer fringe.
A cheer, lasting . more, than two
minutes, greeted the President who,
after smilingly acknowledging thq
tribute, plunged into his speech.
The 6,000-wprd - speech made by1
the President was a comparison of
the deeds accomplished by the ad
ministration and . present Congress,
with promises made by the Republi
cans which, he said, were never f ul
filled: , ' :
In vigorous defense of his" Mexidan,
policy, President Wilson said:
"I am more interested in the for-t
tunes of oppressed men and pitiful
women and children than in any prop
erty rights whatever. . Mistakes L
have no doubt made in this perplex
ing business but in not purpose or,
"We have professed to believe and
we believe that the people of small
and weak States haye the right to"
expect to e dealt with exactly as the
people of big and powerful States
would be. We have, acted on that
principle in dealing with the people
of Mexico." '
' Of his enthusiasm policy he said:
"The rights of our citizens, o
course, became 'involved; that was In
evitable. , When they -dld .this was
our guiding principle: that property,
rights can be vindicated by claims
for damages when the war is over
and no modern nation can decline to
arbitrate such claims;, but the fun
damental rights of humanity cannot
be. The loss of life is irreparable."
. He dwelt at length' on the utter neu
trality this nation had observed and
scathingly denounced .those who call
themselves American' citizens yet
permit their sympathies with the na
tions of their -birth -to over-ride thelri
Americanism, when he said ami
cheers: ; . ,
"The nations of , the earth must
unite in joint guarantees that what-
(Continued on Page Eight.)