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VOL. XXII. NO. 246.
THE WILMINGTON DISPATCH, SUNDAY;MORNING, SEPTEMBERS 7, 1 9 16.
Remnants of Lost Country
Rally to Attack and Whip .
BEGIN BIG DRIVE
British Claim to Have Enlarg
ed The Ground Gained,
While French Also Advanced-Serbians'
Bulgarians For Fiorina De
scribed As a Powerful One.
Indon. Sept. 16. The British, in
further attacks, though on a minor
scale today enlarged ground gained
In yesterday's great drive. They cap
tured "-I officers and 1,700 men In
straightening out the lines. No spe
cific localities are mentioned in to
night's i..-adquarters report ac having
teen captured today, but the nuiuber
of prisoners taken indicates that the
progress made in the course of "nib
blinK pncess"Js important. Altogeth
er the British captured in yesterdar'
and today s righting 4,000 men and 116
officer, six guns, fifty machine guns
anil much material. Today's aerial
success brought the number of Ger-
man machines destroyed since yester-
day morning up to 15.
The German war . office this after
noon admitted the loss to the British
of the villages of Courcelette, Martin
puich and Fleurs.
The total advance made by the Brit
ish hy two days' fighting, according
to Sir Douglas Haig's night report, is
from one to two miles deep and ex
tends over a front of six miles.
The French also made further prog
ress ou the Somme today and beat off
a series of violent German counter
Mows An advance north of Bou
ciavesnes and ..the capture, qjf a Ger
man trench northeast of 'Berny, are" an
nounced by the official midnight com
munique. Today's Serbian war office announce
ment foreshadowed the capture of Fior
ina by stating that "The Serbians have
already descended into the Fiorina
Powerful as were the first line de
fenses of the Bulgarian right, it was
swept hack with comparative ease by
the embittered dash of the Serbs dur-
ing the last five days. An interesting
factor is that when Gen-j
- 1.1 '
eral Sarrail some months ago assign
ed the Serbians to the left wing, the
Bulgarian general STaTf fett considera
ble relief. From that quarter they
expected t lie least danger, for the Ser
bian army was generally considered
irreparably shattered and its spirit
Thus the spirited Serbian onrush,
when the signal for the allied offensive
was given, took the Bulgars by sur
prise. Mow precipitate their retreat
has been is indicated by the fact that
th pursuers captured thirty two guns,
manv as yet uncounted prisoners and
nuRe 'tuantities of material. Tremen
dous losses were inflicted on the Bul-
Mrs Thr. ok: l. l l .
nnrt . i to supervise the imports of tne coun
port Sds OI,e regiment alone lost t. nv n0n
tothirds of its effectives.
Italians Break Austrian Line.
'""don. Sept. 16.-ln their new drive i
!. ho1e Isonso front the Italians!
to vP i(,vpn thwh fh0 Aiiai'rSflii I
several points and apnn-ed
mi the IB st t wn HavR mnr than 10.000
ofh cw y nd men, according to a brief
nopiueinent by the Italian war office
this afternoon. 1
C ontinued on Page Eight.)
Serbs Wrest Fiorina
From the Bulgarians
London, Sept. 16. The fortified city of Fiorina, chief
base of the Bulgarian right wing's first line defense in Mace
donia, is reported to have fallen to the Serbians. An unofficial
Athens dispatch late tonight says: .
"Fiorina has. been captured. The Bulgars are fleeing.
Seventeen miles to the north of Fiorina Kes Moriastir, the
lrportant Macedonian city, the possession of which has for
decades been one of the bones of contenti6n between the. Bul
gars and Serbs. It was taken by the Bulgars last fall, after ter
rible fighting and has been formidably fortified during the past
' 2 months. The Bulgarians are expected to niake a desperate
8tand to hold it, while the Serbians, fighting on their own soil,
wll bend might and main to take it, and thus clear the path for
ie reconquest of their kingdom.
,eir apparent, Prince Alexander
Du'garia's betfaval nf rb Slav
Monastir lost, the Bulgars would be exposed to a flank
InS attack from the right from a strong Italian force in South
ern Albania. As long as Monastir is safe, it acts as a blocking
So Government -ants Eng
land's Action Made
WANTS KNOW ABOUT
If American Goods Are Inter
fered With 'Retaliatory
Action 'Would Likely
Washington. Sept. 16 The State
Department today cabled to the
uerican embassy in .London for in
formation concerning the embargo re
ported to have been placed by Great
Britain on goods shipped from the
United States to Norway, Sweden,
Denmark and Holland.
' Neither the State Department nor
the British embassy would confirm
the report. The belief was expec ted
that it referred to Great Britain's plan
for "rationing neutral countries." A
dispatch from Consul-Gperal Skin
ner in London, made public yesterday,
gave a list ot articles wnose export
to Holland and the Scandinavian coun
tries had -been suspended in further
announcement of this plan. Scandi
navia and Holland have been put on
rations by Great Britain since Octo
ber, ll,r But tire practice- has not:
heretofore bee nas stringent and as
opposive as" at present. "The United
States is affected more seriously than
heretofore, the jong ,list of articles
whose, importation to Scandinavia
and Holland is prohibited being im
pprtant among the commodities figur
ing in American commerce with those
Chevalier van Rippard, the Dutch
minister, had a conference with Sec
retary Lansing, at the State 'Depart-
ment this afternoon. They discussed
. . . . i n
the new embarsro. Both confessed
they had not received official notice
of it. A report that-the United States
and Holland were planning joint ac
tion in retaliation to . it wa sdenied.
Secretary Lansing, it was stated,
would take no further action until he
ha d received a reply to his request
from London for further information.
A State Department official said to
day that the country would be justi
fied in retaliating against this ex
treme measure announced by Great
Britain with the approval of her al
lies England's contention, it was
i said, was that she has a right aris
ing from her blockade . of Germany
tries contiguous to Germany unaer
the doctrine of continuous voyage, as
The actlon "ke,y ?e tajJken:
was. stated, is the application of retail-
atory legislation yabsa uy
I .,r 0,1. 1ii.flrtoH at iho. linla W-
uuugicoa wv.- -- .
ful interference by Great Britain and
other nations with American foreign
commeijee. The situation may be
I hey are led toy the Serbian
J who-has sworn to avenge
New London Aquiver Over
Reported Coming of Third
GOING ON AT DOCK
Forwarding pompany Puts Up
An Immense Screen
Wireless Report Lacks
New London, Conn., Sept. 16. New
London, which had about given up the
German merchant submarine Bremen,
after a month of waiting, today heard
that the third of these big new under
sea craft, the Amerika, had been
sighted off Montauk Point.
- The report came by wireless to a
yacht cruising off the point. Details
were lacking, as it was admitted the
weather was foggy and not good to
Support for the story was given by
a renewal of activity about the dock
to receive the expected submarine.
About 3 o'clock this afternoon the
Forwarding Company put in immense
screen boarding, which is intended to
keep the boat from the gaze of the
curious. This screen was towed into
place, under the eyes of a crowd of
water men. It is 125 feet long by 30
feet high. -
Efforts to trace the rumors to their
sources and get definite information
upon the submarine's possible arrival
proved futile. Wireless stations along
the sound denied that they had re
ceived messages from the German
Exodus of Negroes, Causes
Worry to Industries of
Birmingham, Ala.. Sept. 16. A
shortage of unskilled labor is threat
ened here, as the result of the exodus
of nearly 15,000 negroes from the
Birmingham district. The negroes ar9 J
Deing sent iortn to work on tne rail
roads, 1ns coal mines and in the clay
and tobacco fields of Kentucky, Penn
sylvania and West Virginia.
The movement was started in June
and is being VpPt alive by agents of
the Northern concerns, according to
local Capitalists, who are planning
methods to combat the situation. The
Birmingham mining and steel enterprises-
employ thousands of negroes.
v MEESE GET BUSY
Columbia, S. C, Sept. 16. The Pro
gressive party of South Carolina to
night issued a statement to the peo
ple disclaiming connection with any
other political party, stressing, white
supremacy, urging better and cleaner
government, condemning one-man
party rule, and advocating universal
military service, National prohibition
and protection for American indus
tries. As to State matters, these policies
are favored : Australian ballot, wom
an suffrage, either repeal or enforce
ment of so-called "blue laws," and
cessation of the creation of useless of
Although it. is stated that the divi
sion of the white vote may in time
become a menace, the "arrogance of
ten Democratic party" is given as a
reason for another ticket being nomi
nated. A white primary is favored
NEW GREEK CABINET x
v. HAS BEEN FORMED
Athens, Sept. 16. The New Greek
Cabinet was announced this afternoon.
It follows: M. Kalogeropoulos, presi
dent of council, and also minister of
war and finance.
M. Damlnos, minister of marine, M.
Roufos, : minister, of the interior. M.
Carapanos, minister ofv foreign affairs.
M. Vocotopoulos, minister of justice.
M. Kanaris. minister of public instruc
tions. M.Kaftandjoglou, minister of
communications. M.. Bassias, minister
pf national economy.
DEFAULTER TO GO
TO PEN. IN TENNESSEE
Union City, Tenn., Sept. 16. H. M.
Golden; former circuit court clerk ofc
Obion County, who defaulted for $20,
000, was, this afternoon sentenced to
the Tennessee state prison for a period
of five to 20. years.
Declare Teutons Cannot Lon
ger Withstand Onrush
TO TAKE UP CHASE
Correspondent ; Says Nearly
Two Million Germans In
West --Despdndent Tales
Come to Light
(By C. F. Bertelli)
Behind the Somme lines Sept. 11.
To a question as to when the allies
will break the whole German line, I
receivecf today the following, reply:- .
"Away Hi ere in the distance is mass
ed the finest body of troops the Kais
er is able to put in the field, led by the
best scientific officers and supported
by the greatest force of artillery the
Germans are able to spare.
Germans back several kilometersand
captured at least six thousand un-
wounded men. smashing the . most
formidable defense works ever con
"On the other hand I say emphati
cally that our losses have been lower
than the Germans.
'As the battle proceeds our fighting
strength increases with out gains.
There is no risk of our artillery fire
miminishing. In fact, as the- winter
appears, we shall be able to put an
increasing number -of guns into the
"Just when we shall reach the snap
ping point, there is not a single sol
dier here who could tell yOu. For
while we are certain that the Germans,
no matter what effort they make, will
never be able to stop the onrush tide
and while the complete rupture of
their positions, under our pressure, is
a mathematical certainty, we cannot
say mat disaster .somewnereerse on
the four thousand mile f front will not
force the Kaiser to. withdraw his ar
mies from France.
"The allied staffs are, however, con
vinced that he will try to resist our
pressure until the last moment and
that the final retreat will mean un
speakable disaster to his western ar
mies and bring us to the eve of peace.
In any case this offensive will not be
arrested this winter. We have the
guns and the troops
to force the
strongest labyrinth of trenches and
the French and British output of guns
and shells from now on will enable
us to wage on great battle till the
hour of the Teuton catastrophe
There are approximately 2,000,000
Germans holding-the western line, of
which number more than half are
concentrated on the Somme battle
field, or so near that they can be
speedily transported there.
The Allies' cavalry is ready at any
moment to route the hordes that will
eventually retreat across the St.
Quentine plain, but for the moment
the battle still rages over a deeply
entrenched and strongly fortified Ger
man stronghold, where it' would be
sheerest folly to employ horses.
The difference between the superb
devastating advances of the French
and the slow bulldog penetration of
the British is accounted for by many
factors, and the French "are far from
claiming that their methods between
Combres and Bapaume would produce
the same results as they do south of
the Somme. They attribute the reg
ularity and the suppleness of their
progress mainly to the splendid work
of artillery. Every trench on which
the guns are trained is doomed to be
The best available account of what
fighting under these conditions "means
is supplied by the diary of a young
German officer killed in the past
i week's drive. It reads, in part:
August ' Sombre presentiments
and profound discouragements pos
sessed men when our 120nd regiment
was ordered to the Somme from the
region north of Rheims. I am sleep
ing badly and cannot bring myself to
write a line to my poor parents. What
stories we hear the 198th reserve reg
iment has just lost 30 per cent, of its
"There is ceaseless drumfire from
the west and when we moved into a
trench near Ablaincourt two platoons
mutinied. . The wounded were car
ried alongthe. corridors in an unend
ing procession. One tunnel is full of
dead men." The stench is horrible.
"August 22r-Were relieved and sent
to Hateau where .the French are at
tacking. The French aviators and ar
tillery completely master ours.
"We have rbad food and ragged uni
forms and swollen and . sore feet.
Mines are exploding .all around us.
The air is thick wtth bursting shells.
The odor of ' poison gas and of the
dead is unspeakable."
Kaiser Sends Empress News
of How Rumanians Were
WON THE TRIUMPH
Beat Back the Russo-Ruman-ian
Armies Von Macken- '
sen Is Hero of The
Berlin, Sept 16. A telegram from
the Kaiser to" the Empress, telling of J
a decisive victory by tne combined
German, Bulgarian and Turkish forces
over the Russian-Rumanian army in
the Dobrudja, was published in extra
editions' throughout Germany today
and" sent a thrillf enthusiasm from
one end of the empire to the other.
"Field Marshal Mackensen,," the
Emperor telegraphed from his head
quarters in the east, "just informs me
that the Bulgarian-Turkish-German t
troops in the Dobrudja have gained a
decisive victory over the- Russo-Ru-manian
Tonight bulletin boards contained
the following Bulgarian war i office ,
statement and wras cheered by im
"Up to Sept. 12 the number ot Ru
manians captured in the Dobrudja
district is 522 officers and 28,000 men.
Two standards, 130 guns and 62 ma
chine guns were captured, besides
The news of the success in Ruma
nia came at a psychological moment,
in that they counteracted today's un
favorable reports from the western
front. The public has been prepared,
in devious ways, ever since the inter
vention of Rumania, for a concentra
tion of the central powers' efforts and
energies in the Balkans, to save the
Oriental Railway. That a huge army
is operating in Rumania, both along
the Danube and in the Dobrudja, is
indicated by the fact that German
as being 30000 strong: ' ' v - "
Field Marshal von Mackensen 13
the hero of the day. His procedure
in Rumania is hailed as ode bt the
most strategic strokes of the day.
'' Rumanians Retrating.
Berlin. Via Sayville, Sept. 16. The
Koelnische Volks Zeitung reports that
the Rumanian army is hastily; re
treating on the tine of Caernavoda-Midsidish-Constanza.
The paper adds that this line is of
decisive importance and that upon; the
outcome of the combat in this dis
trict depends the fate of the whole
fighting in j
Mad Because of Practice of
Madrid, Sept. 16. Spain has; 'inadei
a sharp protest to Germany; against
its practice of sinking peaceful ships,
it was announced today, and has, de
manded that there be a modification
of the submarine condition. ' 'ji-.
The government took this action af
ter three Spanish steamers, including
the Olazzari, 2,586 tons, had been tor
pedoed in two days. "
JURY DECLARED MAYOR
G A. TOWN GUILTLESS!
roimnhus. fia.. Sent, lfi 'After he-
ine out onlv about two minutes the
jury sitting at the special, term, of the
Russell county circuit court, at Seal,
today returned a verdict of not guilty
in the case of Mayor W. Earle ; Mor
gan of Girard, who was placed on trial j
yesterday on tha charge of perjury.
Morgan will be placed on trial next
week on the charge of accepting
bribes from-"blind tigers."
5f 4f -3C-
NORTH CAROLINA TROOPS
TO THE BORDER.
4f Washington, Sept. 16. The
North Carolina National Guard
was ordered to the Mexican bor-
Jf'der today- by the War Depart- -
-4nent. " The guard consists of
if three regiments of infantry, two
a troops of cavalry, one ambulance ,
company and .One field, hospital.
The guard will go to El Paso. :
No additional withdrawals of 5f
guardsmen from the border were
ordered today, but more are ex- '
DEATH .OF HIS
ONLY SISTER IS
SHOCK TO HIM
President Hears News of The
?:- Passing of Mrs. Howe at
WILL ATTEND THE
Body Will Be Laid to Rest In
Columbia, S. C; Presi
dent to Join Train at
Asbury Parkr N. J., Sept. 16. Presi
dent Wilson will leave Shadow Lawn i
tomorrow afternoon - for Columbia, S.
C, to attend the funeral of his sister,
Mrs. Annie E. Howe. He will return
here during the night of Tuesday, butuir has produced the astonishing re-i
all political engagements for. the week ! sults described? If so what is -thi
have been cancelled. ! new and terrible weapon of var?
ine news oi Mrs. tiowe s aeatn, ai
New London, Conn., early today was
not unexpected. On Friday night the
President abandoned the plant , to
speak in St. .Louis on September 20,
due to the report from the attending
physician that . his sister could not
live, more than a few hours longer.
According, to present arrangement
the President and ' Mrs. Wilson will
, connect with; the funeral train at Tren
ton, N. J., tomorrow afternoon. This
train makes close connections for the
south, at Washington, and will reach
After attending the funeral service
the President will leave Columbia over
the same route On - the return trip
Monday evening. '
To Be Buried By Husband.
Columbia, S. C, Sept. 16. Plans
have been completed for receiving the
body of Mrs. Annie E. Howe, President
Wilson's Ristftr who Hiflfl in Waw T.nn-I
don, Conn., this morning and will ar -
rive here for burial at 11:35 a. m.
Monday. She will be interred in the
church-yard of the first Presbyterian
church. Here are buried Mrs. Howe's
father, Jos. Ruggles Wilson, aftd her
mother, Jessie Wilson-. Here also lie
her husband, Dr., George W. Howe, a
I distinguished physician of this state
and a small -daugnter.
Mrs. Howe - spent part of her girl
hood and much of her married life in
Columbia, and is well .known -to the
older citizens. President and Mrs.
Wilson will accompany the body here,
leaving Columbia on .the return trip
at 6:15 p. m. Dr. Cary T. Grayson will
Navy Department Charges Its
Official Documents Thus j
Washington, Sept. , .16. Direct
charges that official navy mail from
Shanghai to Washington was opened
by the British censor at Vancouver,
B. C., were-made by the navy depart-
ment tnis atternoon. it was stated
t&at the envelopes opened bore tbe
unmistakable seal, of the United
States Navy. What action will be tak
en has, not yet been decided, but the ',
case probably will. he laid before the
State Department for protest to 'the
British ebvernment. . !
On account of th interference with
American mails to the Orient by the
Canadian' censor the post . office department-
recently decided that no
more; mail, -would be dispatched by
way of Vancouver. 7 -
!NEW BATTLESHIP : -
ARIZONA TO GO SEA
; Washington, Sept 16. The new baft
tleship Arizona, will be sent to sea
immediately after being commissioned
October 15,'. it was . announced at the
navy department today. The depart-;
' ment -wired today for the crew of the
' Memphis of which about 800 wiU'be
Available, to , report at New York for,
duty on the Arizona. .
Some of the Memphis' crew will go;
45-ito the Olympia which is to become
the flagship of the cruiser force, and
will carry 391 men.
BRITISH CENSOR f
- - J
Hall. Caine Cables Story of;
Great Force Which May
Now be at The Front
A POWERFUL NEW ,
ARM OF DESTRUCTION
V . . ' , , , ' . ;'(;.
Noted Writer Tells of Its Mak
, ing and Wonders if General
Haig Has It In Operation-:-
Tries to Read Between'
Lines of News of British Of
fensive Along Somme.
(By Hall Caine.)
London, Sept. 16. will war. itself,
which hitherto has resisted the efforts
of twenty millions of men on all
fronts to bring it to an end, be termin
ated at last by its own terrors.
A XX V UVU L. j XX J tKil M.IA,J . XI VXU X X b X u . .
"Our troops have won . from 2,000
to 3,000 yards at various places. In
this, attack, we employed for the first
time time a new type of heavy armor:
ed car." v '
What does this mean? Does it mean
ithat this new tvne of heavy' armored -
For weeks past I have been hearing
whispers of a. new arm ' which wouldj
shortly be launched on the battlat
fields, would drive everything befora
it. News of it was a secret not to
be revealed until the day it came in
to action. 'r "
Nobody-was, to know where or how
it was made or yet what it was. Ttin
men who manufactured it were bound
by oath not to - say anything about!
it. To make, assiirance doubly sural
they were interned within a vast area)
iwiiose Jb.Qunaarjea were guarded, by arm .
ed men every hundred yards. " Onc
within, they Were never allowed taf
leave. Notice was posted at the em
trances warning intending Intrude'
ers they would be shot at sight.
Then I heard the new weapon had
already reached the scene of operat
ions in large numbers and that greater
numbers were to follow. 'If the enemy
i was to hea5 anything about it at all
they must hear now. In - a few days
more It would be in action. The re
sults which might be expected would
be in acibn. The results which
might be expected would be stupend
ous. . .
It was impossible not to be stirred
by the mystery that surrounds tha
new -arm and by the confident faith
of those who knew of its irresitible
power. It was a gigantic car, a colos
sal juggernaut a moving arsenal of
unimaginable' driving, force.' Nothing
could stand before it. It would pass
over trenches like flat grounds climb
out of beds of rivers and walk over
houses, as over ant hills.
In the inferno, of its interior the '
men who worked it, nearly nude, 1
, would be safe from almost any force
Known tp military science, except
that of the unconquerable monsteri
they controlled. Such was the story
which spread during the past weeks?
(Continued on Page Eight.)
is the time for you to figure
out a way for more business
thisr , Fall. You want . mora
than your old. last year's cus-
' tomers! How are you to get
the new ones?; You - cannot
send these hoped for, custom
ers a letter or either see them .
in person you know not who
they might be. ; They are to
be developed: The one best
way of .developing this new
clientele 4? through advertis-
. ing. Use your home newspa-
pers freely, state,, your mes
sage in simple; language, but
do this persistently and con-
sistently.v Results'' will take -'care
of themselves. Let the
people' know ; that, you're '. in
business and the. best mouth- .
piece through which to speak
is The Wilmington Dispatch.
"-- - ' r: -v ' '
0lne to a junction of the Italians with the