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THE WILMINGTON DISPATCH, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 2,
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FiVhf Arnnnir 'rtun,, .1
Painted in Paris by. a Russian
Artist, Mile. Mieheline -Resco.
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SHOWN AT EXHIBITION
OF AMIS DES ARTISTES
American Commander in Chief At
tends Annual Exposition in the
Galerie Georges Petit.
Tho society "Les Amis des Artistes" in
ausuntedits second annual exhibition of
workr of art at the Galerie Georges Petit
recently in the presence of Jlr. Dalimier,
the Under Secretary of State for Fine
Arts, t!.e officers of the society and Gen
eral Pershing, who was the principal
guest. General Pershing was especially
invited to he rrp'-erit at the first showing
of his portrait, v liich was painted in Paris
by a Russian arst, MUe. Mieheline Resco.
General Poni.-r. who was accompanied
by two me niters of his staff, Brigadier
Generaf Harhoi d and Colonel Boyd, spoke
in the highe?t terms of praise of the exhi
bition, calling it "an oasis of art in a
world of desoiation. " The society was
notified that General Pershing's portrait
had been acquired by the French govern
These annual exhibitions, which have
been organized since the war and are com
posed of the works of the foremost artists
of France, have taken to a gTeat extent
the place of the French Salons. Besides
serving as the greatest encouragement to
the artists whose eye for the beautiful
might be blinded in these difficult times,
they satisfy to some degree a longing
for the artistic, which is always to be
found In French nature.
The society "Les Amis des Artistes"
aids the artists by offering them a mar
ket for their work. It purchases annually
a certain number of works which are dis
tributed among its members, and thus
aims to replace the clientele of which the
artists have been deprived through the
war. During tb last year more than
lOO.OOOf. were spent by the society far
works of art, besides the sum given to the
artists for their materials, and also the
sum which lias aided the families of art
ists who have been victims of the war.
Some of the most eminent contemporary
artists have offered their works for the
present exhibition to help their brothers
i'n need. Among them 'are two of Araer
icTfs foremost painters, the doyens of
the American artists residing in France,
?.Ir. Ridgway Knight and Mr. Alexander
Harrison, the marine painter. The former
is represented by four workg, one of
which attracted particular attention yes
terday; "Bas de laine francais" was the
study for the large picture which was ex
hibited in the Salon before the war and
was sold to Mr. James McLean, of Chi
cago. It is considered to be one of Mr.
Knight',3 best pictures. Mr. Harrison's
marine was the first painting to he sold
having been acquired by the city of San
Francisco. Both Mr. Knight and Mr.
Harrison were present at the vernissage.
The other artists exhibiting who were
present are Messrs. Jules Adler, Albert
Bartholome, Emile Bastien-Lepage, Georges
Ca-Dgras, Carabin, Maurice Chabas, Mile.
Helene Dufau, Messrs. Abel Falvre,
Henri Lebasque, Auguste Matisse, Charles
Rivaud,- Pierre Roche, who made the medal
for the Eociety and who has been intrusted
with the. execution of the war medal of
the Aero Club of America; Mr. Villeneuve,
Mr. Alfred Roll, Mile. Resco and Mine.
Others present were Mrsr W. G. Sharp,
wife of thefimerican -Ambassador, and
Miss Sharp, Mrs. Paul Gans, Mr. and Mrs.
B. J. Shoninger. Miss Kahn, Mr. Sidney
B. Veit, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Heidelbach.
Mr. MenocaljJSuban Minister; Mr. andkMrs.
"Laurence V. Renet, Professor and Mrs. J.
Mark Baldwin, Dr. and Mrs. E. H. Lines
Mr. Charles Carroll, of Carrollton; Mr. A.
M.Thackara, Marquise de Dion, Baronne
de Marsay, Corr.te de Montesquiou, Mrs.
Alfred Bradley. Mr. Seguin, director of the
Beaux-Arts; Mr. Walter Berry, Mr. Car
cova, Mr. Raphael-Weil, Mr. G. Scott, Dr.
Van Dyke and Professor Nettleton.
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THAW seems perfectly
happy in the hospital at St.
Valerv-eu-Caux. Her uncle,
Mr. Benjamin T. Thaw, of
I'ittsburpr, father of Lieuten
ant William Thaw, of the
La Fayette Escadrille, is on
ISS . MARGARET CASE, of
New York city, and Armand,
constitute the old clothes re
squad of the hospital, pose for
pictures (above). At the left
Mary K. Nelson, who is the
nurse in the hospital, is mak
certain her charges have ever y-
6 make them comfortable.
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See tze Boys 1
Swing Along at
? in France
Fvery American In Paris, every Ameri
can in France, every American in the
United States in fact, Americans, no mat
ter where they may be should see the first
film of the American troops "somewhere
For an American this film has a real
meaning, not a sensational shock that
Iast3 merely for a moment, but a feeling-
tnat comes at me Deginning ol this mo
tion picture, when "our boj s" are seei
swinging gayly along a picturesque Frenci
road, and gradually increases until h
reaches a climax as the American flag
waving as nobly as any Star Spangled
Banner ever did, moves across the screen
with- a mass of khaki behind it, a moving
mass that is symbolic of the hundreds of
thousands of soldiers that are going to fol
low that flag to victory. ?
The feeling is not an expression of cheap
patriotism, nor is it born of sentimentai
Jsm. It is an overpowering feeling of af
fection for the country that is our mother,
that is dedicating to the cause of right and
justice and peace these sons of America,
the first to put foot on the soil of Fra ice.
"Les Sammies sur e sol francais," as
shown at the Path Palace, gives the
many Americans who will never have the
opportunity to see the American 5amp a
series of r picture? that comprehensively
cover the daily life of Pershing's men. 9
The men are busy at work with their
barracks; they are playing with a lion cub
mascot: they are leading their horses
through a stream; they are marching1 off
to manoeuvres; they are digging. trenches;
- they are learning now to tnrqw hand gre
and fire rifle grenades: thev are
crawling -around on all fours, as part of
' their physical-training; they are rushing
A i the left is Dr. Ralph Pitch, of Rochester, N. Y
V-l)'r. Fitch won the decoration of the Legion of
Honor for his work at the: St. Valery-en-Caux Hos
pital. It .has recently been moved to Quereaux.
Miss Eleanor Fowleivos of the American girls who
has been doing a. "big iKbrk, is shown at the right.
The hospital lifiiT- pffsscd hundreds of wounded
French soldiers through its doors and has a, fiirm "
hold on the affection;? of ihe entire French nation.
- - ' "SUPER
au -i.nat bort or Thin
Writer Sn ys.
TELLS OF FLEETS
No Happier Crowds Could He In.
ined, He SaysSinn Feiners
Felt Their Coming.
ronk-io r,n -The
2T,t. AJoins as. their instructors; they are
and getting a meal, with beans
and white thread the menu, and, with the
lneyiLtt"' , ' , '
nral Pershing and Pourydraguin.-
vir ' "Le Bammies aur soi irangais -
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fields-in a mimic battle, with Chas-
There has been of late increasing evi
dence of the significant fact that among
the more thinking section ot. German pub
.icists the consciousness is awakening tha't
after the war the -traditional policy of
"foree" will no longer suffice for the
maintenance of German "prosperity ; that
till i,'superface'''"or ttietzsche -and Gegei
is a myth; the "Weltpolitik"- of Schlie
mann and, Treitschfce a, chimera, and that
tlieirtoctfines fiiusf go by the board. So
far this corisciousnes's has been expressed
almost exclusively by those writers and
pollticiaiis" ow'haf ifnay -'he, called 'paci
fist'' tendencies Maximilian Harden,
Tlidfador 'Wolf f, ; Wolfgang- Hone, Georg
Qotlien who , ,have , ieen -'commonly, but
erroneously, : supposed to -1'e party -to the
"peace:; plot.;', , , 7, . . ; '
More recently . the same idea has neen
found ; jpnetraj:iiis) evei;, the- professorial
mind. "intelleetuals'r of the .standing of
Professors" DttOrHfiJnte and W; F6rs ter
have lent It theirj Advocacy- Onjy a week
or' two"? ago 4ttie$evrk iEtofessdr iFriedrch
Meinecke's remarkable pronouncement in
favor of 'Intellectual Demobilization."
Now-'aa more? -seijsat49naI;.converthas ap
peared lrt the person"' 'Captain Persius,
the well known tiaval correspondent of the
Berliner Tageblatt,. who boldlycpmes for
ward aathaehaBftp-ion. of . disarmament. 1;'
Taking as hfis starting point that sen-
ence in the Cterman reply to the papal
Note. wherein the government expressed
its ftiualified) 4dlies,ot,: to the. principle of
"will be echoed by millions of Germans
who place Right .before Might, -and who
would sec in a reduction, of armaments
the most valuable gtft that the sufferings
of the war could bear." On the other
hand, it will alarm those who "fear lest,
after all the outpouring of blood and treas
ure, they may miss the expected recom
pense of 0 full measure war' indemnity."
"Fall Measure Indemnify.''
But what; he asks, xs to be understooti
bv a "full -measure indemnity?" "Whoi
will maintain that a few hundred, or even
thousand, square kilometres of land or
n-any milliards of mor.ey-jW.ere .U obtain-ablei-could
recoup us for what, we have
staked? Who will contend that any ex
:cii3ion of our frontiers could render ' us
secure in perpetuity? No riation-with the
strongest army or the strongest 'jiavy at
command but is to-day . exposed to the
danger of a more powerful coalition of
other nations. For us full measure indemnity-can
ohly exist in measureswhich
shall secure us for all time against a catas
trophe such, as the present. And this se
curity is not to be attained by the old
precept of JSi vis " pacerh." para beHufri?
The oid- wir trod deW -path mut be for
saken. . - .' '
"The hations must unitedly bring: pressure-
, to bear- "upon their governments ' to
insure that at the concluPiore of peace tlie
existence of the civilized 'peoples of the
world may be freed from the eternal clang
shall not, as hitfiertorbe aii." peace,
and - thus serve only as preparation for
future war. . , - "-
"The German nation Has-no wish.td live
its future 111-a miasma pf hatred of almost
By aoduiescing in a re-
could furnish tangible proof of its; pacific
intentions. "- .
Captain Perseus admits that in the past,
at ' The Hague conference and similai
gatherings, the German government has
shown itself ' unsympathetic toward the
idea of disarmament; has, indeed, pro
nounced it to be Utopian. Among, the
public, too, it has found little .greater
favor,. Prince VOn Biilow, in 19TO, pro
nounced emphatically against it, and Heir
von Bethmann-Hollweg, iri"lf)ll, guttered
the melancholy words that "whoever has
ibjectlvely and seriously thought out the
question of universal disarmament must
be forced to the 'conclusion that it is uh-
'oluble as long as mankind is mankind
and States are States." . . v!
It is true that the last; named statesman
somewhat modified " this view in J913,' in
response to Mr.- Churchill's suggestion . of
a naval holiday," and Admiral von Tirpitz
aamittea that the proposed ratio of sixteen
to ten in capital ships, as between Britain
and Germany was acceptable. Only in the
rhonths immediately preceding the war.
was a ,; slight change noticeable in public
opinion. ' '; ', ' . . . . ,v
i Diatrnst Now TJniversalJ V . s ;
'But let us (Germans) not delude our
selves," the writer: proceeds. "After the
experiences of ;thts': war it win iiot.be eisy
for us' to convince mankind that we are
hx)hesflxtriytnerfor a .European" xjrdrf
justice. The , reception accorded .; in ttfe
of arms. ? . We hope for a peace ;thal enemy and evefa the neutral press to our
trust we have to combat. It - will" need all
our firmns to "convince these countries
that our conversion is not-the outebme of
TO BE ABANDONED
declares that "total abolition of all armies
and navies would set the drown upon the
vork of a universal understanding-of the
peoples, and would, be the most radical as
well as the safest method of insuring
world peace. But, it is 'contended, the
nations will not settle their disputes by
peaceful methodsi if they possess no arms
ihey will, in case of need, create, them:
And this contention cannot altogether be
gainsaid. What is likely, to operate most
strongly for reduction of m linifucntswil i
be the crushing burden of after war tax-.
ation. Little money, will bo left for wan-
tike expenditure. Only if ' freed from jhts
Dri: Hermann Rosemeier, formerly politi
cal editor of the Ber!! Mdfenpost is one
f;the?e German jauimalist refugees in
Switzerland. Being .asked to give, , to" the
best of his knowu uge, a truu and impartial
account of feeling in Germany he replied:-.
"Many .well j meaning persons, earnest
lovers of peace and sincerely democratic,"
are very often to be met'm Germany, in
Austria, ;iir neutral, and even in Entente
countrH-people who Uttgttt oM opinion
whicli, Jlist because irr most' cases iM due
'3 -a- really idealistic cast of mind, is likelv
to. lead those holding it to the most disasr
viiv mail W iXL IJM.I TV
;a . fhe light of a comparatively 'small
e! iqije; consisting; of Jron im&'Steel trade
magnates. vjunkers and a- great, nlanv
iif,ii lumyns aim juuruausu. ine over
whelming majority of the German nebnle.
however,' they look iipon as wholly in favpr
of , a peace without either annexation of
war indemnities and absolutely opposed to
me enorxs or tne war party.' -vi.'
Such opinions, It must not '.'ito tor gotten
are by no means always expressed only by
such persons . who '; genuinely entertain
them, for . Gennan propagandists, r ever
busy, ever; obx the alert, artdrever chang.
Ing, their methods with proteanagility do
not fail .to take, advantage of this irwide
spead belief Jri the.; humerica? wpaIttSmW
of the German war party In order to mis
lead nacif ists-IniEntentA. nnti-HtiKos , ssmai
is, the use of continuing;-thoWar?; thesei
ariy bne and every one, willing to ligten to
them. --''What- isf-the -use -ot "contlriulhe th
world be -able toV regain! its, ' econorr,i e
vitality;" . ! - . :i
The.' American ideal of- a ''League., to Eh
foree Peace," supported- by an inter
national constabulary. Captain Perseus re
gards as the best solution of. the .'problem.'
"how to" dispel the existing state of in-:
ternatipnal anarchy," and as -one' not in
apable of realization at the . signiig -of
peace, he concludes,: "if. only after1 'this
jvelter of blood and -tears' lire nations Will
begin to understand, that war .is-madness,
peace is reason. - ' - . : V
; From the foregoirtg'one rwould, conclude j
that a strang-e -chAaire: must be t Coming
over the spirit 'of the Teuton dream when
the acknowledged jleadmg; German naval
authority. can writ& insuch a. strain. " Mr
While m some v-ays it is futile td; en
deavor to obtain a -0rrect idea of the statel
of eeUng;iniG-n-yty readug-therOei--man
press, writes- .Berne correspondent,
occasionally a. G njci jo'urnalistsatiatea
with Prussian tier tisnvcontrives to cfoss
Tar fit . .
wnung m tne Daily Ch
unuea erases Kleet in Boi
cussing America's invaluable
Charles Dawbarn says:
"T- So- t v,
xjn,fc ,.llC American wav to fear
publicity: trncle Sam likes to r.ct in the'
broad eye of . day and to i.avc his deeds
emblazoned for his own en.-ourau'cment
But the TnP-licV. o r-11 ....... . .
O""-- -' on.-ii..Uiwtl(.r-,,
uiks is one or tne revelations oi v.w War
any iTitse, a veu ot silence h:i;; blCn
dropped over American nav.ii .-icticn in
the service of the Allics-in vuru'onnity
WltK TlM-lsh. tlfl(rtno T7; ,.
i.iv.-iiiS in ;oniO
the good Americans do as Rome 1opS.
this particular Rome holds if anil
looks wise. iN'ot the least Anovion
services to- England is her rea.-T.ess to he
come dumb and anonymous, Kc;:use that
is the immemorial way with tl.o llriiish
And yet it would not do to suppose that
our cousins have not contributed very tm.
sibly to the reduction of the pn! which
awaits us on the water round : ir wast
Sir-Eric 'Geddes paid handsome tribute to
them in his maiden speech as Fir. t Lord in
the Commons. The United Rtai s "Jar'sie"
is a fine fellow, .and one of hi.s fmen at
tributes is his speedy adaptation to the
new. conditions of service in Kunwan
waters. He has became our own Jack
Tar's firm friend. At first thrre v.t8
some fear that the difference in rates oi
pay wouia create dirncuitios. ut tvy
have not arisen. Thi3 is due to some ex
tent- to the working of the allotment sys
tem, whereby a man (and the y.inv ap
plies to officers) can transmit the winter
part of his pay to Iris dependents. It is
done through the allotment bureau at
Washington without any money passing
in the mails. Thus the "Jackics" ashore
have,, little ,jnore, 0. .spend .than our own
men. The same system is adopted by our
Canadians at the front, whereby their pay
is "cut" to about Tommy Atkins' leveL
The Family Feeling.
Gratifying examples of co-operation be
tween the two services are furnished every
day. Officers and crews of the two fleets
like each other so well that they "set
mad'-' at eaeh other, as the Americans
say just as if they were members of the
same family. Accidents occur in the best
regulated' families. They are inseparable
from the sea. Thus collisions take place
and errors in Identification
In courts of inquiry both services par
ticipate when- both are involved. Perhaps
the senior officer will be British ani the
two juniors American, or the senior will
be American and the others-British. The
unity is such that British and American
destroyer swing at the same 'buoy ani
follow-eCch other in their sea practires.
At sea they exchange signals; on shore
they use the sajjie'clubs- and huts. At one
base a converted cinema hall is row -a
rendezvous for the toluejackets of the two
nations. There they fraternize in the most
cordial manner. Between scenery painted
by sailors and in front of an orchestra of
destroyer musicians English and American
artists sing the;ir songs and deliver tneir
monologues, to their brothers 01 the sea.
Southern Ireland, has been an eye opener
to the United States sailor. When he first
landed orr the Emerald Isle he was in
clined to sympathize with the extreme.
Irislrpoint of view; he had been speaKiua
with the "bhoys" in New York and kneij
it all beforehand. But contact with W
native' has removed some impressions, me
peasant who is "too proud to fight
not-.tob nroiud to overcharge. Again, Sinn
Feiners, adODted other ways even more as
croHcivp '-Thptv nltarked "Jackie" when
he walked in the park with the blue eyed
lnflv nf hia'ehniee. and "Jackie" had to
defend himself, with the result that Sm
Feiners-are now in the hospital. This
rough element is not good propaganda for
Ireland.- hut "Jackie" discriminates. "
cidentally his coming to Europe has
oiirhf Vim enma nf tVio rii f f ie IlltiCS 01
.CbVlt9l K?A V - ' "
:". Peace and War Work.
The'ihcessant work of the destroyers
and patrol boats in convoying troopship
or; merchant ships, or in chasing the sU
marine, ;: has not blunted the edge of tn
sallorman's keenness. If you speak to h:
about his. present "metier," and compa
it with his peacetime labors, he will
Clare that the-latter were heavier to be
there was the eternal manoeuvre for t
action which never came, and. after it
officers had to analyze the theoretical results..-
Navigating and engineer stal'
lived in an atmosphere of paper problem
Nowadays they are swept away. There
no time for them. And the spice of dang"
has "'.given zest to the daily round.
understand, that, one must undersu
Jthe psychology of the sailor. .
I His danger is real enough. Hydropiaa
and other appliances have not PIU ,
sufficient -solution The only real solution
is matt- and ship-power; the policeman o
the spot -to "catch the thief. 9
: "A htf . a nolnohla iit nprhatJS,
War : ; etepeclaHyasdIrectIyS peace Is - dt
clared it will be: obvious. how-.-powerleSs- the
xrai- tVia vaoli 1 f la import!! in rfhlS IS
common experience of submarine chaSg
toil ara never certain of your bag..
fViitni jTrtlrrictc maV aSSe11
e-,inaberof' "tin fish" disposed of"
our Ally steadily grows greater, au -system
of convoys a number of ships
a buncx,,r Surrounded by destroyers-n?'
t l(.st- 5la advanta.ee. that it brings if
enemy; to .the defence force and thus
viates asearcb for him. And in
care"'of the traffic, British and neuowj
in the sea lanes leading to these isles,
tTnitedy States .navy, is Performinfvrffliim
essenUal to out existence and re-a"";" d
xim-eon-secrated once nei-.-
.thicker than waie.
. n.v-. n to. teen oy an Americans. na' j miverai iim-jiaLion oL -ariuu.iin.-nLo, mv-iiiw wiih v . , ar-i , f-H . u .-uiueiv rrom- nniii(h niii aa.iiiG.V ornenintriaKnffM
i" ;KB.nr.4. tD.,.c.i- ff(,.ma ha thm Bentimfit Eduction -of 'Armaments- our government erktwhlleiniinarlitanfM r;" " ' Vv""'-r,iy' wttnanctwitheoWma
it ougnt to w"" r - ' l,u -zT?w .v. I - - .f-.'-v- - ' t i a . w 4 - . v BVM armoroi material law to protect-it." m atfhaf w,. n,