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Ai miyifkM il MM Mr lcr31ioi8 sessioi or ! I j Dntffi i nnuulnlll
hot I wooet .j buntnLM titbM Tiir nnmnii i iiirn
urn iiLyymirS ArsoaH today nr an mi its
: j Likely to Be Increased. I Leaders Were Prepared to ' i.
11 MM 11
Over ii,uuu,uuu more man Qtrri A HT1 TP n jji irj-i r-r jrmc?
Ever 3ef ore Expected of !a 1 .II il JKILiJ 1 O I I O
MORE THAN ELEVEN
MILLIONS FOR WAR
Congress Called Upon for
Meet War Time Needs
Liberty Bonds to Provide
Mcsi of It.
CASE IN TRIAL OF
GASTON B. MEANS
i r.y Associated Press.)
.incLon. Dec. 3. Estimates ofj
i .n $13,500,000,000 the great-:'
the nation's history for the1
- of the government and prose-!
! the war during the fiscal1
'in were submitted to Congress!
the Treasury Department.
II VERY SHORT
J The Announcement Made Just
! Before Noon Was a Big
WERE READ TODAY
(By George Manning).
Washington. D. C, Nov. 3. Appro-
j - 1 t -t -i ' rt A A J 1 "
p; rations oi .piit.uu ioi communis
and maintaining the improvement of:
rivers and harbors in North Carolina,)
most of it to be spent about Wilming-:
ton, and for completing the construe-!
tion of two North Carolina postofficea .
were asked of Congress, when it open-j
ed Hb sessions at neon today, by Sec '
rotary cf the Treasury McAdoo, in sub- i
mitting.his estimates for money that
will be needed to run the government
Stay Trough Until Next
BOTH HOUSES UNDER
Have Majority of Nine in the
Senate and a Plurality of,
Three in the House Hard
Work Expected. j
B BUDGET OF
in Dome lerram rui
Their Tactical Success
Has Been Negligible
HEAVY LOSSES IN
DEAD AND WOUNDED
Washington, Dec. 3.-
Congress reconvened today for its sec
ond and "long" session, with the lead
ers prepared to stay here until next
in ; md figures more than $n,-. Only the Formalities cf Open-
0i ii.iiiNi noo is for the war alone. Only . lir T"
be realized from taxation:) Ulg Uay Were Uone 1 TOUgh
tht r . ; sudor -.rill come from Liberty l With
State Sought to Show That De
fendant Was Playing a
Game of Duplicity With
(By Associated Press.)
for the next fiscal year commencing
July 1, 1918.
Eighty-two thousand dollars is ask
ed for improving Cape Fear river
$30,000 for maintenance at and below
Wilmington, and $52,000 for continu
ing improvement bv construction ofi
locks and dams and lor maintenance .autumn.
above Wilmington. For maintaining The key note of the :c-gislative pro
the channels in Manteo Bay, Scupper-) gramme will be sounded Tuesday by
nong . Pamlico, Tar, gouth, Bay, Neuse ' pregident Wilson his openillg ad.
and Trent rivers; Fishing, Contenea. jdregs be delivered in the House
Swift, and Smith s Creeks, and thechamber at 12.30 t a j(Jint ses.
waterway connecting Swan Quarter. . T, ... ha ?La nrottiHonra firef
Government Estimates for
Army and Navy Purposes
for Year 1919
TWO AND ONE-HALF
bay with Deep bay, $19,200 is asked:
and for maintaining harbors at Beau-i
appearance before Congress since the
night meeting of April 2 at the open-
Deducting an item of $153,0.00,000
intended as an annual appropriation ,
tir.va. d a sinking fund for the dis-1
charge- of the old public debt and)
some ?n:;it. duo, 000 which will be turn-!
e! bark to the Treasury from postal
Ccrcord, N C. Dec. 3. -At. ll.St'fort and Morehead City Beaufort .In- in f the Iaj gession called to
' PRESIDENT WILSON'S
j a. in. today, the State rested its case
In the trial of Gaston B. Means for
I si 3 i t,. c i. -u ,1
-uiukm yM-j a j wno wag Kinea near nere last August
let, waterway, from Pamlico Sound to
Beaufort inlet, waterway connecting
jmit him to ask for a declaration of
war against Germany.
' I! I'll .
ine JK.eai WOrK Will egm State took the defense by complete
After the President's MeS- surprise, apparently not a new wit-
Estimates Show Requirements
fcr Only 1,500,000 Men
Military Establishments a
Big Item The Navy's Program.
Teutons Hurl Division After
Division Against Byng's
Forces American Engin
eers Were Given an Excit
ing Time. ;'"
(By Associates Press.) ,
joint" sessioitomorrow to hear" iresivf ; asntngtoiii Dec. -o. A war puageC
dent Wilson deliver his address, ex-, of more than .$11,000,000,000 to pay
the estimated sum for which
n "..illy is expected to ap-
i 13,018,725,595. No pre-1
n;;:r ever has exceeaea $z,-
.-Mows a general statement
iniates by general headings:
.. $5, 329,369.
i J'-rcourse. $6,353,072.
( ',: ). .$6,615,936,551.
' "1 1.077.503. '
i final, $23,171,624.
-Mirks (practically all fortifi-
.'- lis, Sl.-026.208.317. ; the basis for computing the cost of the
nt annual appropriations, J war during the fiscal year, 1919, gave
A Congress some idea of the magnitude
. . at. r A 1 1 1 -
r - ju uuiiuk me ujui uius w incii -niin Deen
presented in court Thursday. Reari
ng to the jury numerous letters, tele-
(By Associated Press). 1 Srams lnd other papers purporting to
Washington, Dec. 3. Congress re- j have been written by Gaston B. Means
last summer to nis wne ana to ms
brother, Afton Means, the State
, sought today to prove that Means
; played a game of duplicity with Mrs.
' King during the last few months of
her life, taking various precautions to
I "keep her in the dark" concerning his
ville, N. C, $13,000 is asked. For
Til i q nnovnar,tol mnvo K r X rnm rl i n o f hp nncfnffirp Cvr dp 1
Hill, $6,000 is asked and $34,500 f or j iULt:u LU laiyciy ueuuruc ic5miauo auu, ixay costs aunng ine nscai
completing' the Thomasville postoffice. Program. ' 'year 1919 faced Congress today when
T'-tiT t h(iL-i ,,H rfn aru irtrt itinr, n I Ton. UI 6CU1141U1UU Ul "JU. otiiaiv; a""
tal is asked for
lor the accommodation ot governmen
assembled today, but did little more
than go through the formalities of the
opening. The work actually begins
i when President Wilson in his address
tomorrow at 12:30 o'clock outlines the
lonars additional ren-.
temporary quarters jouse unaer Den
iation of government in been effected
officials and moving expenses at Wil
mington. The sum asked for waterway im
provement in North Carolina is a great
reduction compared with former years.
Congress can increase the appropria
tions over the estimates, but the sen-
Democratic control hav-,1"" 6UC1'UUI ""iaies were pre-
at the special ses- sented. The sum represents onjy the
sion, botn bodies were reaay to strictly military expenses that can be
piunge iuiu iiirtbt, ul vvuiuus uusi-. estimates show it nrovirtes nnh-
General Byng is regaining bit toy f;"
bit, the ground won by the Germans .
at so heavy cost last Friday in the v'.. "
Cambrai battle now characterized ;as
the heaviest attack ever delivered' on 1 .
the British by the German armies, ex- "
cept in the case of the first battle of 'X-J..
Ypres. ' . , .
The front on the northerly' side' of j
the Cambrai salient having remained :. :;, V
virtually intact under the German fm V , a
pact, it is in the region to the south-. ' .
west, of Cambrai that the British hava ; ' -T.
been centering their efforts in the reo v -fy :k
tification proeess. Last night they . : ' ,
lage of Villers-Gulslain, wiping out
much of the German gain in: the se(V'" :t; '
tor most deeply penetrated by . the: .
drive. They also made good their, hold
on the village of La Vacquerie on this itl
front, having repelled a series of at- v: ''--..
tacks. , ' ' ' '
To the north a portion of a posi-
for'tion'on the high ground southwest of .
movements, and other documents read
to the jury by John. T. Doolinf, of New
York, appearing for the State, relat
ed to various business transactions
! administration programme for vigor
ous prosecution of the war.
Estimates of more than $13,000,000,-
: 000 the greatest in the nation's his-
1 . 1 i j -i 2 si . A 1 r tf
itory, siiDmiuea to ongiess louay ab to sh0w that Mrs. Julie M. Means,
wife of the defendant, had given him
power of attorney for her. Deposit
slips were presented to show numer-
timent against waterway improvement. iniUal flood of bills resolutioils
unu lux economy m everyiinixK uut' i xJtJ
strictly war expenditures is so strong
in Congress that little increase over
these estimates is expected. Appro
priations for public buildings have
been dwindling steadily for the past
lltJB.j. UBKISiaUUU, HUVCl, 1 W il j T 1.1 ...Ml ,UJ1. t. v'-i
nerffd to into full swine until i 1UU1 a - Hna a nau Dllilon iarg- touunuu .vmasBrwuicu -uau uccu wmy?; ..,v
iifcCctU to &et into tuil swing until, imiar annrnitin porarily relinquished by the British,'
next month after the Christmas re-, er ..ha 11 simil ai appropriations made re-occupied by them as the - -cess,
although there is some agitation , for the year -1917-18. So far as the ;,f f y,t iof
estimates sho wit provides only for 'ations. UtftJi
raising and maintaining an army ofj Berlin now claims the capture of 6,
1,500,000 men and acrrying out naval 000 British within the last few days to- ,:
and coast fortification increase pro- lather Avith 100 guns. '.
vi i ueraan enons to wipe oui me ; ;s ,
salient before Cambrai have brougnt
The chief item in the budget is for, little tactical. success, as General Byng;:
tc forego the holiday.
Tomorrow and Wednesday will come
Among the latter are
many petitions accumulated during
the recess, demanding the expulsion jects already authorized.
of Senator La Follette of Wisconsin
lt.fiontpmhor at fit Paul Minn, was "" J tauu?umcui ui iup eti-, "ir"-""" ..'":'. ..
,One document was placed in evidence four years in the absence of the oldj" my to cost $6,615,936,553, an increase j days all attempts to break through
L.- n i-in n-i- iconiuerea toaay Dy iie senate jtiiv- f t1 o ax ant ana ? Ai,m,t n-nr.Kan tva nanrtgno Vit
account in the Lincoln Trust Com
pany. The action of the State brought
the biggest surprise of the trial. The
gjrj defense was not ready to begin pres-
I tJIlLitllUII 1)1 lli) CHUCULC. XI Vd.-v HUU1 "
1 I II . n- 1 . . . .
cnts nmittpfl here
""1...."7.940 j of its task in putting the full force
nking fund and postal re-of America into the world fight for
- ' 'democracy
ilmi.'iI sprvipp. which in-.
;!! army for the air, $1,- George Kern, tormer vernier auy ed for the moment in the parlance
-timated. This sum in-,tralia, was a distinguished guest, the Qf spectators.
'..rnnoOO previously ap-;ses;.ion only lasted long enough to ap-J The firtt witness called by the de-
. . , r, tna nimll(,0 tn fense was Jim Simpson, of the under-
:,M,rs is asked for pay,Pmt members of tne commitleejo ; . establishment here which pre
:..,,,ls expenses of the ar-jformaly notify President Wilson Con- ( pard Mrs King's body for burial.
::.,! 2,000.000.000 for the!gress was in session and to adjourn y Weddington the undertaker
corn's: $157 000 000 forin respect to the memory of the late j vho prepare(j the body of Mrs. King
:i medicines; $135,000,000 Senator Busting. J for burial and Jim Simpson, his as-
,'ii'Pnr of engineer troops The House session was taken up I s-istant. were called by the defense and
".''"f for the expenses of with swearing in new members, com- testified that they found a black smoke-
it! the field. Ammu-ng to fill vacancies, and the calling!like mark diagonally across the back
'i mated to cost $390,000,-;0f the roll by States. ' f!-f her left hand, running from a point
In both Houses there was a pnjnear the knuckle joint of the fore
: 2:11ns more tnan szw,- nnunced air or connaence ana ueiei-1 .
time omnibus buildings bill. The to
tal asked by Secretary McAdoo today
for public building construction is
only $5,555,549 compared with $12,
ous deposits made by him to his wife's; 082,881 appropriated last year, and
In the Senate today, where
yearly appropriations made several
years ago of around $30,000,000. Econ
omies practiced by Congres3 for the
Continued on Page Eight).
nf $1 Mfi?; Qfl7 fiftO nvor tViQ tntol 1-. Ahnnt Onnnplion ttif Gfirmana hftVA
ileges and Elections committee in con- it app pVYations made a he last gained slight terrain" at heavr ,cost
nection with a sub-committee's investi-! r,AFn,v . T-mu ..'n.iv':
session. The only means of determin- and the British have evacuated Mas.
ing the size of the army provided for
nieres south of Cambrai.
The Germans have suffered heavy
losses in dead and wounded and .the
,rr tnHflv!"inp of Mrs. King and swore that
"""" I ,r -rr -I.J 4 il. i.
lvir. tving suggesteu uia! ine pai '.y
ake "the rifle and the little pistol" on
-.rmnrPf? mot.nr t niinntinn- in Hn pvprvthin0: Tlfif!fiRHarVi . - r j i -t
. wi nuiiaiivji c . vv . . jvifiaTis. i nnciirii mwvpf htici
n ", .000.000 is estimat-jto bring the war to a successful con-j fatfaer Qf thg defendant went on the
F,or thexAtAenI1n,clusion- - ' . M n. stand this afternoon and told of cir-
Academy, $4,000,000; Faced by the nnghty Problems of f
ai:., tl.:., io.v w America S pail in txic n n iu ,-'1
quarters, S26. 000.000 ; idemocracy. Congress
mil repa'r of hospitals, i f0r its second war session.
ii lifantnrp nf nriTlS. $50.-, Mnnnnriotmna nf billions of dol-
' ' - ' ' ' v ' ' , If III U Ui lUtlUU va. I .... , , . , ...
; target practice, lals and measures to put the full force tne tatai target practice party wnicn
ilian military training of the United States besides its allies j-'-t to, Blackwelder Spring on the
"); rifle ransres for thewill be the principal business of the .erring of August 29.
; civilians, $1,700,000; Upgt,ion . i Colonel Means testified that Mrs.
. OCSSiOlvr . . . 4.1, I i-Z n 1 J
home guard organiza- ipne first day s business was largeiyi mg was eumusiasuu iui ovt;im uays
: supplies for reserve , p3rfuntory, with official notmcation
u. camps and ordnance to tne President that Congress is in
same, $5.)0,000; ord-' sessiCn and .waiting to hear his open
- ; tor military , schools in address. The President will speak
si.138.000. For gather-.at 12:3q Tuesday in the hall of the
M. the general staff ask3:Hcuse Defore a joint session.
President Wilson, in his address, it
Thousands of Agencies to Dis
tribute the New Thrift
General, miscellaneous legislation is ' is in tne estimate of $1,803,933,676 for
to come immediately before Congress, pay. Tnis is $159294,558 greater than
possibly including some measures at- appropriations obtained last session British have taken ..many.: prisoners', ef
fecting this country's course in the for the pay of 62,000 officers and 1.- In. the important sector west of .'.Cam-X:-''
'aqh oontimoTit : nAfl 4 -. j i ,. .. !i s i i . . i ' xl .
suo,ouu eniisiea men or ine line ana: urai, -muracing counuii . wuuu iu ;
298,000 enlisted men of the various dominating position,-the Germans have .
auxiliary corps. The estimates call ! made no impression on the British de-.
for staff officers as follows: j fenses, nor between Bourlon wood and fii.:?::
General staff, 347; adjutant gener-! Moeuvres, the northern, side of tha i
al's denartment. 281: insnector irener- salient. The heavy attacks against;:;
al. 246: engineers. 400: ordnance. 2.. I the region of Masnieres were driven
war in view of widespread sentiment
among the returning members for dec
larations of war against Germany's al
lies, Austria-Hungary, Turkey and Bul
garia. Congress is expected, however,
to follow the views of the President
in this respect.
Appropriation measures will require
much time. Fourteen general and
probably several special supply bills
for the fiscal year beginning July 1,
1318, as well as estimates of addition-
al money for present war neeas, are
to be considered, probably immediate
ly after New Year's. Two bills, the
legislative, executive and judicial and
District of Columbia measures, al
ready are under preparation.
With $21,390,000,000 already appro-
saving priated for the present fiscal year's
"ior to the tragedy over the1 progress
(By Associated Press).
Washington, Dec. 3. War
stamps went on sale at postoffices and needs, many members believe
banks' throughout the country for the with forthcoming appropriations, the
first time today. Thousands of other, fifty billion dollar mark may be reach-jpropriations obtained last year
B6cuvicS "'i uniunwx ,tw u",bu iui lu ;cid ui " a, . navy is tmra witn total estimates o
The $2,000,000,000 which the govern-scheduled for active consideration for
ment expects to get within the next a month or more. A deficit of $3,906,
year 'was apportioned today among 000,000 in this year's expenditures re
the States at the rate 6t $20 for- each Imains to be provided for.
inhabitant. - I Political affairs will-come in, for
000: quartermaster. 8.300: medical. ioff but a sharp salient involving the
14,000; judge advocate general, 300-'viUaSe made its abandonment jnecesicrT
signal corps-(including aviation), 11,-isary. : ;?::
841. j Southwest of Masnieres toward ,Gon- rSi.".
With these large staff increases and!nelieu the Germans stHl hold La Vac-:;: s
foreign service pay increases totalling j Querie, where the dead in 12 houfsv , - ,:,
nearly $80,000,000 also estimated for. fiave numbered more than in anysim- ;: ;
it. appears clear that the total increase ,ilar. period. The British have reached. .,
in the pay itemdoes not cover any jGonnelieu and-fighting was in progress . :4 ;
material extension of the original i Sunday in and around the village.; In, 'v
mHitary program of an army of 1,500,- thl& reion the Germans used four or
five divisions Friday and attacked in:,
Fortifications estimates take second ; massed formation Saturday and Sun- '
place with a total of $3,332,445,122. day. At least six or seven divisions .
n increase of 41,155,102,874 over ap-were used in fruitless ettorts to DreaK ' ,
the northern leg ot tne salient
The allotments for southeastern
she was making in marksmanship with;Stats l0
l fill. , ;
i-a of more than $l.-jis understood, will urge Congress to
ii'sirlbuted thus: icofine its work strictly to measures
arid men, $426,000,- for tne SUCCessful prosecution of the
: :t 1,000,000; improving war There is a. general disposition
navy yards for con- among the .leaders to depend upon
it s, $4,000,000: pay, P!nim to take the lead in proposing the
'"h'ng for the marine war measures and to give him all the
recruiting, trans-; n01 partisan -support possible. -i
aitht ing recruits, $lo,-j. While the question of declaring war
: and equipping- naval ' on Germany's allies is ' being agi-
organizing naval tated in Congress, there is a general
$200,000; schools and diBpositicn to follow th vishes of the
i : tion for naval reserve executive branch which is understood
-T.i.ooo; ordnance strictly oppoSe any change in policy now.
i or ordnance, $26.500,000; , President Wilson's addres was in the
of guns for ships, $38,- . , nf the nrinter today. While it
iiauuo v -
her pistol. He told of taking a wide
brim lady's hat.'jone slipper and a
fndbas: from the jautortfobile' in which
partyicame, back from the Sprine.
v ith-the liodvof Mrs,Klne: on the fol-lo-'fng
Saturday, Ha'' told his daugh?
tev Miss Belh Means', sister of the de
fpmHnt to bdrn the crumnled hat and
she old himrlater that, she had don?
Jud Cline ruled out the evidence
pf a. tr'nhone conversation which the
i-:'nosfl dscr'hed ps on the night of
1' traeedy wken he said some one
vrHo rlp'mpd to be p. newsnaner manj
old him there would have to be -u
coroner's inqust. He now "believed
5thf Vo'e n"pr the telephone was that;
New war revenue legislation is not j $7,039,860,502, a .decrease of $552,977,-
.:: 7. Ihe naval figures probably do
not include, ' however, new ships that
will be asked for whenever building
facilities are available.
Striking items in Secretary Baker's
ses- estimates are $5,116,018 for additional
civil employes at the .War Depart
much consideration during the
sion, with consmeraDie speecn maK
i v - " vth vuijjiuj av tnu v . m ui tyvyax kt
Otto Mirx's district: Alabama, $47,-!ing, in view of general Congressional ment; $2,000,000 for the military infor-
CC.On. ric.f vi-.f nf P.nliimhid ?7 5fi . I 1 - Foil ot ar'hir-'h Q9 Qotia. I x.- - 1.1. i
526.520; District of Columbia $7,385,
640; 'Florida, $20,627,460; Georgia, $57,
504,00; Louisiana, $37,290,480; Mary-land,.;-$28,188.300;
900; North Carolina, $48,67g,640; South
elections next fall at which 32 Sena- j mation section of the general staff,
tors, 19 Democrats and 13 Republicans, doubling the present appropriation -,
and the entire House membership are . $1,138,907,609 for the signal corps.
to be chosen. Many members believe
political campaign necessities may
Carolina, $32,932,900; Tennessee, $46,-'shorten the session.
574,580; Virginia, $4,082,740. Total, The Democrats start the session in
which is $399,172,648 in excess of the
existing appropriation including the
special $640,000,000 aviation measure;
$2,224,335,000 for army transportation
Conf to expectation the State
'tiiinitftn for shina alone. , it ia hoinu- hpln t ennn oftor pnurt pnnvpnprl this mnm-
- - fa nracticaiiy cumyicici . i ..v v.
lr'rT)Pflofi and tomedO aP- v . : .-c, ,-.t.H a short' tnir hocron ran Airier tn tha ilirV the
iuued on PagrSU): time before delivery.
Continued on Page Eight) i
control of both Senate and House j and supplies, an increase of $324,000,-
with bz Democratic senators against 000, mostly for ciotnmg and camp
43 Republicans, with one seat Senat-, equipment; $28,755,991 for the pur
ortHusting's vacant. In the House the! chase of cavalry and , artillery horses,
Democrats have 2l6r members, the Re-1 a decrease of $37,355,000 and showing
publicans 213, with1 five Independents 1 restrictions placed upon use of ani
and tme, seat yacant. ' jmals for. the army in France due to
Several new members joined the , transportation difficulties; $157,111,894
House today, Representative Lufkin, j for the: tmedical. department, to in
Republican, of the sixth Massachu-1 elude $17,000,000 for new motor' and
setts district, succeeding Augustus P. I ambvdancesrid $11,000,000 for meii
Gardner, , Republican, who resigned ; peal and ;n&spital supplies, also $24,000,
Renresentative Deshlin, Democrat, Ox 000 f or veterinarian supplies, the te-
the twenty-eighth Pennsylvania dis
trict, i succeeding former ilepresenta-
(Continued on rage Three) .
tal being ;an" increase bf $26,331,894;
$135,000,000 prv'engineer equipment
( Continued - on Page Five) . ?
American engineers operating .aqd
building railroads within the British ?C v
lines near Gouzeacourt west-southwest .; v
of Gonnelieu, were caught in the first 1 : . -rush
of the German attack. Many. ( ;,"
sought shelter in shell holes from
which they were rescued by British 'V? ":
counter attacks. The engineers aided ';:
the British in withstanding the;enmy
attacks. Several were captured : but VK::
Northeast of Ypres the British have f
captured fortified buildings and Ger-':
man strong points on the main ridge
north of Passchendaele. Elsewhere ;
on the Western front the artillery con- ;'; .'r
tinues active. The German Crown
Prince has not repeated his attacks : 1 v
in the Verdun region. - ..: .-.. 'f'-i.
I On most of the Italian front thei int' '
fantry remains virtually inactive, : -while
the artillery is. engaged in . vio-: ' ; -
lent bombardments, especially along
the Piave river.
While the Bolshevik! representa
tives planned to enter . the German ,
lines Sunday and "begin negotiations '
with the Germans, nothing has yet,'' ! ,
been;reported' of; their mission.; The" i.
Bolsheviki leader, Trotzky, has warn- ' V
ed . the Allied diplomats in Petrograd '
that his t government will not . permit H : ,
' ' (Continued on Page 'Eight). I" ,
i . 'f