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OL. XXIV, NQ 1
Secretary oaKer i cub ooniirwi-
tee cf Preparations Made by
A "SUBSTANTIAL" SIZE
ARMY NOW IN FRANCE
Six Times as Many Men in
the Field as in Spanish-Amer
ican War Plenty of
r-nngton, JEH. 1U. oeureuuy ja.
r today replied to crlUciema of htaj
n nt trio txrni in a
Unt presented to the Senate JltUtary
committee. -. .
Conceding delays and . srrQti ot
ua-rment in so vast 6j undertaking,
lecretary Baker epItlmotlzeS els re
t!v is tnese words:
"No amy of similar size in the his
tory of the world has ever been rais
ed equipped or trained so quickly.
Kg such provision has ever been
cade for the conduct, health and gen
eral well being of an army."
America now has in France an army
cf "substantial" size ready for active
service, Secretary Baker today told
tie Senate War Investigating commit
fpe. Officers and men, he explained, have
kdti trained sDecially for modem
warlare, maepeuQeni. imes ul wuiwiv
nicRticn and supply are in process ot
construction, and great .programs
have been formuiateci ior iae prouui:-
t on of new instruments of war.
Arms Qf the most modern 'and ef
fective kind, the Secretary eareu,
have been provided ror every sojcubi:
iu France and are available for every
An annr of nearly a mfllionr and " a
half men is now in - the field or m
training at home and. abroad, he as
sorted. The subsistence of. the army.
b continued, has been above critl
dsm. while its initial clothing supply,
f?mrorarilv inadeauate. is now sub-
"I state the foregoing conditions of
the War Department's problem, and
some of the results attained for two
purposes," he said, "in the first- place
the American people are entitled to
kEovr of the" splendid., .effectiveness
v.lth which they have been able' to or
Ranize the man-power and the mate
rial power of the nation;' and second,
our armv in France and our allies are
entitled to have the benefit , resulting
in the depression of the morale of their
enemies which must come when the
Germans realize that the American
democracy has neither blundered nor
"No army of similar size in the his
tory of the world has ever been rais
ed, eauinped or trained so quickly
.'o such provision has ever been made
fcr the comfort, health and general
veil-being of an army
The Secretary pave the committee
sj outline of the work of the depart
ment "and its various bureaus
"On the first day of April, 1917, the
P-eg-ilar Armv," he said, "comprised
5.701 officers and 121,797 enlisted
"in: mo National Guard, in Federal
ffrvrp. aimroximatelv 3.733 officers
it... 1.'. on is er men: ana .-utj is
serve 4,000 enlisted men. There were
also at that time approximately
-o officers in the reserve, but as
these were on inactive duty, they caii-
-ot properlv be considered in estimat
ing the strength of the army of the
United States at that time. On the
Slsl day of December, 1917, the Re?-
viar Army consisted of 10,250 officers?
?:.a 47r,,ft00 enlisted men; the National
Guard of 16.031 officers and 400,900
r'; the Xaticnal Army of 480,000
er.; and the reserve of 84,575 oiheers
and 72.750 enlisted men. In other
ords, in nine months the increase
r?S been frnm Q r9i nffir-orcj in 100
officers; from 202,510 to 1,423
cr.i, men. .
"During the War with Spain, the ar
fy of the United States at its max
imum strength aggregated 272,000
and officers. The army now- in
the field and in training is, therefore,
roughly six times as great as the max
imum number under arms in the
''The total number already in the
"i-litai"V Rfin-ipo ic nro and .51 half
- - xa u 1.1. v. u . .
cy this nation. " '
"The death rates in forces in the
mted States. from mid-September ro
l"p end of December, averaged 7.H.
r:T "lousand, and is sltehtly . less
would have been the death rate
of the same age at home," the
cretarv p-nui t icqc .Tooth
thusand was 20.14 or "nearly
;ee times as great," he continued.
fn death rate In tfce army during
-ear 1916' ust before the . war,
death per 1'000' Leaving out the
Ullcnr due to measles1 -and its cora
In ih ?s' ox,r rate- among all troops
ne 'united States since September
ed Support Turns Tide To
ward the Suffragists
OPPONENTS PUTTING .
UP A HARD FIGHT
Rerwblicani Caucus Indorses
Suffrage Adding Further
Strength to the
Washington Jan. lOOne of the
long and hard fought goals of ths
woman suffrage cause seemed to be
in, sight today when the House to
up debate on the constitutional am
Backed by the approval of Presi
aent WHson, Buiiragists were sure
thd Susan ,B. Anthony araendmeht
woxud poll more than the necessary
two-thirds when the House began
voting; at .5 o'clock this-afternoon.
So certain were the stiff ragists of
success in the Hon that they al
ready have turned their attention to
the Senate where the amendment
waits on the calendar, but without;
such favorable. , prospects. But they
are hopeful, however, that with the
President's - endorsement and they
would be. ready for submission! the
States and years' of effort would be
come reality. Today's debate furn
ished a spectacular scene. The
House was in a happy mood and
heard the arguments wit applause
and - laughter. , Women packed the
galleries. It was a field 4ay tor the
suffragists and buoyant of the ex
pctlon p-votashrd. shrdL shr
pectation of victory, they made tie
Washington, Jan. 10. Resources of
national banks have risen to a new
high level of $18,553,000,000.
Compilations of 7,576 banks as ot
November 20, 1917, show an increase
in resources since September 11 of
$2,009,000,000, and an increase since
November 17, 1916, of $3,033,000,000.
The comptroller called attention "to
the fact that the total resources wei.o
a half billion dollars greater than ths
aggregate resources of all State bank
acd trust companies and private
banks, as reported last June.
Cavalry Clash With Yaquis
Douglas, Ariz., Jan. 10. A detach
ment of American cavalry sent into
fiear Valley, 25 miles west of No
gales, yesterday, to observe trails,
clashed with a band of Yaqui In
dians, capturing ten, one of whom
died at Nogales of wounds, accord
ing to a telegram today from the
commandant at Nogales.
Weekly Health Report for the
National Army arid Na
Washington, Jan. 10. :Measles ep
idemic are subsiding in both Nation
al Guard and National Army divi
sions, but. pneumonia persists, ac
cording to the detailed health report
for the Week ending January 4,
made public today by the army
medical corps. The tables show 109 1
deaths ' during the week in the Nat- j
ional Guard, 80 due to pneumonia
and 167 in the National Army, .110
due to pneumonia. The death to
tals for the previous week were 108
for the National. Guard and 98 for the
Admissions for pneumonia were
highest at Camp Wheeler, (Macon)
31st division and there was an in
creased number of cases - at Camp
Beauregard (Alexandria) 39th di
vision. A" sharp outbreak of meningitis
occurred- at Camp Beauregard with
27 new cases as against seven the
preceeding week, and several deaths.
Elsewhere - in the National Guard
meningitis is, rapidly declining.
Camp'Pike (Little Rock), ; 87th di
vision and Camp - Lee, continue to
show high rates for pneumonia.
The greatef.t aamTer. of deaths
during the week . at -,; any . divisional
camp was at? Camp? Pike, with; 49 of
which' 44 , were pneumonia. ,
WILMINCN; N(H CARQUN
TEUTON OflESlW iC :
Jjl"!" l" y ,
Whole Mountain Front Buried
Under Three to Five Feet
turk's peace offer
Trotzky Says All Must Come
in "General Conference Ao
- live Artillerying on West
Snow has come to the aid of the
Italians and the Austro-Gennan of
fensive) apparently has. reaohe a
halt if not an end. The whole moun
tain front where the enemy had been
making slight but steady gains, is
buried under from 3 to 5 feet of
Impossible and hamperfng Austro
drerman BUpply lines seriously
snow jiaaking infantry operations.
Heavy; snow falls in the Alps are re
ported to have blocked the heavy
eomananlcation system in the Then
thio and Garnis, leaving them only
two lines across the Venetian plains
to JLh& Piave whch would be of no
helpivto: the snowbound troops be
tween 'Lake Garda and the Piave.
The enemy troops on the Eastern
bank q fthe Piave are not troubled
so greatly by the snow, hut previous
efforts to cross the river in" force
The- bombardment on the North
ern, front has slacked with the com
ing of the long expected snow and
only patrol engagements-' . have oc
cufed; It is indicated that, the en
emy will be unable to , begin opera
tions-in an effort to ? complete his
conquest of Venetis while his sup
ply lines are snow. bodff". c"i: ,,.
ing guns; have een active -near t
"Scarpe in the ArtSi area,' northeast
of -Ypres and northeast Of Verdun.
The Germans have f ailed thus far to
take counter measures against - the
successful French sortie In the
British merchantmen lost . dur&ig
the last week equal the losses of tha
previous week, when AS of mere than
1,600 tons and three of less that ton
nage were sunk by submarines or
mines. The French report the loss
of one merchantman as compared
with nine . the; previous week.
Peace emissiaries of Russia and
the Central Powers are meeting at
Brest-Litovsk. It is reported, that
the first discussion revolved around
the selection of a meeting place
which has not yet been decided up
on. It is added, however, that a set
tlement probably will be reached.
The Russian government has refus
ed Turkoy's offer of a separate peace
and has informed that country that
she must participate in the general
President Wilsohfs message has1,
been endorsed? .'yitfiout reservatiolij
by tne Bntisn labor party and -Bn
tish public men, from the Labor,
Socialist and . Liberal ' partiest At
tention is . now directed to Germany
and Russia to see what effect the
message will . have on the people of
those countries. It is felt in Lon
don that tne German government
TDSfy be compelled ltd answer the!
President s address because of the
continued differences . between the
militarists and non-militarists in Ger
i'rom .tsoisneviKi sources comes
the report of the defeat of General
-Kaledines and General Dutoff, the
Cossack leaders wlio have been re
sisting the Bolsheviki in the Don re
gion and elsewhere in South Central
The latter general is reported inLcordina; to today's advices, the Bo-
flight, vith revolutionary soldiers
and the Red Guard in pursuit, while
General Kaledines is said to be in
Attention is called for the need of
workers in the Red Cross rooms.
The work rooms are open each day
from 10 o'clock in the Kiornlng until
6 o clock m the evening. . Tuesday
and Fridays continue to be the "big
days" in attendance, but, . there is
work for all who will come
day of the week.
ATTEMPTED TO BURN
A STAUNTON HOTEL
Staunton,v Vtyf Jan lj6. atn
tempt early today "fire the Augusta
Hotel, in- the hpart of the business
district, was frustrated by guests' who
ejqtSgished flames in oil-soaked
straw which had been placed in
bureau drawers - "in a room. 'v The
police are searching for a man who
registered at the hotel shortly after
midnight as Allie Brown, of Beckly,
W. Va. After Brown was assigned
to' a room, ; he left , the hotel and
later-, Asmoke . was 4 discovered issuing
fromjt.'- The -damage was slight.;
FULL LEASED WIRE SERVICE
I V POLAND j
The free" Poland which the Germans are : trying to
how all the seacoast is kept in German hands.
Diplomatic and Economic ; Re
lations Are Ordered Re
sumed at Qnce
-. . " : r,..:f (
BULGARIAN PREMIER i
Swiss Newspaper Publishes
News of Cessation of War;
Between Russia and Bul
garia, as Reported
Bulgaria and Russia have conclud
ed a separate peace, according to cir-4-
cumstantial advices by way of Swit
zerland. If a separate adjustment be
twesn these nations has been reach
ed, it seems "probable tbat it was De
cause Bulgaria found no difficulty in
subscribing to the Bolsnevrsi formula
of no annexations and no indemni
ties so far as Russia was concernea.
Bulgaria has desired no Russian terri
tory, seeking her acquisitions from
Rumania and Serbia. It was for Ser
bia's assistance, however, that Rus
sia prepared for .war; under, the old
cgime, her mobilization after Austria
had threatened-Serbia heing made the
occasion for Germany's declaration or
Turkey likewise has been seeking a
separate peace with Russia, but ac-
sneviKi nave aecimeu iu enieruim uie
Ottoman proposal, requesting the
Turks to participate in the general
peace conference between the-Centra;
Powers and Russia.
Announced in Parliament
Berne, Switz., Jan. 10. A separary
peace agreement has b'en signed by
Bulgaria, The Bund re-
A. Bulgarian correspondent or tne
Bund says Premier Radoslavoff read
the following dispatch from Brest-Ln-ovsk
"War vbetween Russia and Bul
garia ceases. Diplomatic and econo
mic relations between Russia and' Bul
garia are resumed. Russia recognizee
Bulgaria's . right to nominate a dele
gate to an international Danube com
mission. The first peaee is thus con
cluded with the consent of Bulgaria's
;The Bund says Bulgaria has ap
pointed a minister to Petrograd and a
consul general to be stationed at Odes
sa, and has ordered the resumption 01
navigation to Odessa,
Brazilians to the Front.
Rio Janeiro, Jan. 10.--Brazilian na
val aviators, who will form the firsi
Brazilian contribution to the fighting
forces -of the Allies,: have departed for
England. ' J .'; v ' " ' 5
JANUARY 1 Q, 1 9 1 8
POWDER PLANT EXPL08ION
4 Patterson, Okla., 4S miles east 4
of . McAlester, OUa was blown
up at 12:80 o'clock today, accord-4
lng.to a message received over fc
a railroad .wire.. It was reported "l
that there had been loss of life. 4
The operator of the Missouri, '
t Kansas and Texas Railroad at
Patterson, wired that the town
had been wiped out. He feared
the loss of life would be great,
he said. 4
TO REPUDIATE DEBT
A Decree is Soon to Be Pub
lished Cancelling National
London, Jan. 10. The Bolshevik
government ' intends to publish a de
cree within a few days cancellig the
Russian National debt, telegraphs
the correspondent at, Petrograd of
The- Manchester Guardian,
The correspondent understands the
decree ..will . contain ithese provi
sions. First All loans and , treasury
bonds "held"," ' by foreign subjects
abroad or in Russia are repudiated.
Second Loans and treasury bonds
held' by Russian subjects - possessing
more than 10,000 rushes in capital
Third Loans and treasury bonds
held by .Russian subjects possession
CE,pital in loan scrip or deposits not
exceeding 1,000 rubles . are to re
ceive five per cent, interest on the
nominal value of the loan and
those possessing 10,000 rubles are to
receive 3 per cent.
Fourth Workmen and -7 peasants
holding 100 rubles "worth of loans o?
ponas may geu-tueir uuiumgs m lu
I the State at 75 per cent, of its no
minal value! Those holding 600
rubles worth may sell it at '70 per
cent, of its nominal value.
ANOTHER COLD WAVE
IS HEADED THIS WAY
Washington, Jan. 10. Another cold
wave is expected to sweep the South
ern part of thp errantry this Veek.
In the Northern sections low tem
peratures will continue for some time.
The Weather Bureau 'today gave
warning of a disturbance now over the
extreme' Southwest moving eastware.
It will be followed by a two-day. per
iod of severely cold weather over tnat
district, extend, through the West Gulr
States Thursday night and ."Friday,
cover the;East ,Gulf State Friday ana
Saturdayand reach the South Atlan
tic States Saturday and Sunday. .
Work of Organization Starts
in High School Tomorrow
MET THIS MORNING
Plans Formulated for Launch
ing BigDrive for Thrift
Throughout; City and
A long session of the New Hanover
War Savings Committee was held this
morning in the rooms of the Chamber
of Commerce at which the campaign
to be waged in this county for tne
disposal of $704,814 worth of War
Savings Certificates were thorougrny
discussed, and the first tentative plans
formulated for the launching of the
K5haiman Jos. W. Little presided,
and-stated very frankly to the mem
bers of the committee present that he
was in, "no sense a volunteer for the
worjC' which the committee is called
upoxtvto do, for fully realizing the mag
nitudes of the task he would not hare
had fijLhey nerve to volunteer. But hav-
infcbeejtSdrafted for the work here he
urged the' united-and whole-heapted co
operation orthe members of the com-
xnittee also drafted for service, ana
this, was .enthusiastically pledged.
The first work of organization for
the" "sale of the certificates will be
done through the schools, the work ov
organization to begin tomorrow morn
ihg.. Chairman Little will spend tne
.day- tmorrow in th& High .School build
ing, going: fron room to S?Som and pr-
ganfsing the' pupils, in each into so
; cietieaUrf.iorkrs"i ,VOn"?s' Mondays and
the city will be similarly organised
The Natioiujt! Special f Aid Society,
(Which has a remarkably efffcient Or
ganization of . Block Messengers in: tne
City' has very-' kindly offered the use
of its already experienced corps' of
workers to the committee to aid in
this new effort, and the offer has been
On Wednesday afternoon at 3:30
O'clock there will be a joint meeting
-f the Block Messengers and the pres
idents and . secretaries of each of the
school soefceties held in the High
School. At that meeting the entrre
city will be mapped out in detail, with
a definite territory assigned for the
work of each of the societies, and the
children will be given instructions vor
going right to work in the campaign
enlisted in the "Army of Thrift." For
distinguished service a series of com
missions will be given, the ranks of
Lieutenants, Captains, Majors, Colon
els, Generals of Thrift being conferred
unon those who make certain recoro
of sales.' A system of weekly reports
will be worked out,1, and all aid and as
sistance possible given to the children
in this work which they will be called
upon to do.
Pending the perfection of this pro
posed organization of the children or
the white schools next week no effort
at further organization will be at
tempted. But upon the completion of
this, and the setting to work of thTs
army of soldiers, plans will be maSe
for the colored schools, the coun'e
schools, and thn the rown people,
dollars worth of the War Ravings Csr
doHars worth of the WarSavings Cer
tificates are alloted to New Hanpver.
. e ft nA ' .
an average or w ior every man, wo-
mail auu uiiiu iu lue euuie cuuut.v. n
the campaign is a success, as the leao-j
pts are now confident that it will b J
this county on January 1923 will
have a capital avail ab e m ready CBzh
of nearly a mrfhoT, dollars beside th- ,
enormous good that would flow from;
rthe inculcation of the habit of savn-r
among the people generally: Mr. Har
rison,- wno sroK nere during
.rtit-t o'eonio cn the fare of t-
i f . J? JC?Z
rgely for useless things. Tb- habit
' savins small amounts must be sr.l
stituted for that of spending if we arc
to shorten the length of the war.
Big Italian Steamer Lost.
New York. Jan. 10. The big Italian
steamship Milazzo, 11,477 tons gross
register, was sunk during tbs early
part of December by a German sub
marine while the ship was in Mediter
ranean waters, according to word re
ceived in shipping circles here today.
It is understood no lives were lost.
NINE MEN OF SHIP
ARE STILL MISSING
Washington, Jan. 10. Nine men of
the American steamer Harry Ldcken
bach, torpedoed and sunk on January
ft rr-n 3t-iH. infF.ener. the Navy Depart
ment announced yesterday, based on
report from Vice Admiral Sims. The
report states that - 22 members' of the
crew have been rescuedv - . ,
1 - ,'i f
PRICE FIVE CENTS. p
Concerted Movement, for Ger
man Sabotage and Anti-'
ABOUT 30 LEADERS i?
HAVE BEEN ARRESTED
Plot Has Been -Broken Jpt :Pe f
clare Government fficialsill i
Who Decline to Give De- '
tails of Discoveries
Washington, Jan. 10.-Througlf :tej j"v;
tercepted communications and evi h i j,
denpa fmmH nn tL aciorft or more of,arl
rested aliens, government ageniai -haye jS '4-
discovered a cnoCertea movement in s
re-organize German sabotage and antj1 -t;'
war propaganda in this country;
The movement 7was broKen up anc !
fined to sporadic cases carried . oai
lartrafv hv - nro-GermAn svmroatnlaierrf
without guidance jfrom a centtalrhead
quarters. . 1 - t51
This was' disclosed todaf by ifeor
ernment officials, who declined; ffio)prii
ever,-to give-all -the details surround
4ng a" series 01 measures recenxiy. iax.
en to prevent the rebuilding or- a ljn
flel enemy. spy; system,
It is knowjitthat about 50 Germans
anda few Scandavians have beenjai
rested on suspicion of complicity'v: n
the new plot.. The Germans have been
interned andithe Scandavians sent onij
of the country. Some AmericansUar
under suspicion and are being;- closely j f , ;
watched.' rs - S.M:s'-t&!?7ry t'4 '
The evldiei gatheit
un indicated; that a rew: leaders, whose' j ?,-..
identity', has w not been disposed butl f ,
who are oeiievea to De neutral aup v. fj.
bo-nA irL Hio oyfrotno West- -trt ff A-KiaTnTk'1;! S'
I WU-VA AV Vmr. V-MV ...v-w, ? f ' .' I M i
co-operau.au. tuiiuug uiein. - ,v.
Sabotage was -to .be xonducted, sys-
tematicallyt'ahd propaganda, for. peace
or dissemination of nessimlstic.war rer
ports was to. be, stimulated" uhdedi
rection of a recognized head.. There
were indications also that- the head
quarters was to gather bits of informa
tion from all parts of the country
and forward it to eGrmany through
north European neutrals by code com- if , f
munications carried by members of 'l
snip crews or otner means. - - 1? r
Hundreds of self-appointed spies are
now believed to be at- work jinXthet
United States, but officials ! disclaim
that they worry much about .them.
Fires and explosions which have Oc
curred recently are said to be the'
work of individual cranks, probably?;
without direction of a master organize ; j
fttion.- - U-:-1-
Officials explained today that It was"
inexpedient to make public all facts -connected
with recentrdiscoveries, in-;
asmuch as there still is Amger- of a
reorganization of the spy system which
was in, operation when the United
States entered the war. ; V-
Mothers' Meeting ...'.;'""...
The monthly meeting of the Moth-,.
ers' Club of Winter Park will be held ' -at
the school house Friday af terhoou " "
at 3 o'clock. . Mr. Odis B. Hinnant'of -the
Y. M. C. A. will" talk to the mothi
ers. Not only the members but ; all '
mothers in the community are urged'';
to attend. ' 1- ;
FOUR YEAR TERMS ' vMC
FOR STATE OFHCERS I
Columbia, S. C Jan. l. RepreseV
mi n.wi, .xay.ann 'nA-.r
jitroduced into the lower branch,- ci
thp goutn Carolina Qernl AsseiSliV;-.
a bm providin? tor a four ver.r term '.
for n gtate cfficor,; and ma-fntae '
Governor ineligibIe for re-election. ,f
Gifts to Schools. .
Whitinsville. Mass.. J?n. 10;-
" ,A ' V J. ' !
J"-.Whitin. filed for probate hereATu-;;
i?gse Ift,tts' Jton Institute,;
,Va ' and. other institutions receive .
Unfilled, Orc-.-c Increase. .
New York, Jan. 10. The xjxTJad- 6r-;-XA
dcrs cn the bocks of the- Unite4 V '
States Steel Corporation cn Dembe- C';
31 amounted to 9.381,718 :tcnsn'in- ;;i
crease of 484,612 tonr, compared ;'wit!i ?;:; ;
the orders on November SO, acetdingw v i
to the monthly report jssued tcdly1':"1.:
4 A 4. rj, A & A A A
SWEDEN A GO-BETWEEN
Petrograd, Wedsdaj, J2K9.-
German delegations in Pet-
4 rograd are reported by The Even-4 ;
ing Post to have got ih to to ich
with the' Swedish legation.i nere'? .
and to nave expressed the, desire
that Sweden act. as a go-between
4 with Great Britain, France and - j
Italy. ' , . .- - :V'
v- i .
.continued on Page tight); "
(if . '
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