North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
FULL LEASED WIRE SERVICE
.'v ' J.
WILMINGTON, NORTH CAROLINA. TUESDAY,. FEBR UARY 1 2, 1918;
A NEW DIPLOMACY
, ' ' - : . - -. '
KTwiv. No. 34. :
1 A l" ' - -
I Wes Britain to
VU8 tV7".1 All
Prosecute War witn mil
IN MOULKIN 1 lMt5
jjth Session Opened With
Brief Speech By the King.
Much of the Ceremony Dis
London. Feo. in nis speecn ai
e opening of Fariiameru toaay Lmg
i critical stage which demanded,
,re than ever, tne iun use 01 rae
Mtrys energies anu resourees.
rntii recognition is orterea or tne
Vit orinciples upon which an hon-
Ce peace can be concluded, the
feu declared, it is the duty of the
itish to prosecute tne war with ail
W vigor they possess.
Following is the King's speech:
"My Lords and Gentlemen:
Tie necessities of war render it
Operative for me, after but a brief
;erval, to summon you again to
br deliberations. The aims for
Ihlch I and my allies are contend-
$ vere recently set forth by my
emment in a statement which re
ared the emphatic approval of my
eoples throughout the empire, and
rorided a fair basis for settlement
f the present struggle and re-estab-staent
of national rights and inter
itional peace in the future.
The German government has,
jterer, ignored our just demands
iat it should niafce restitution for
le irrongs it has committed and fur-
Many Patriotic Meetings.Were
Held Today Throughout
GERMAN WAR LORDS
Gcnintry Urged to Fight for
"the Democracy Implant
ed by Lincoln and Ad
vanced by Wilson"
Washington, Feb. 12. Germany's
war lords were scathingly denounced
and Americans urged to fight for "the
democracy implanted by Lincoln aud
advanced by Wilson" in an address
commemorating the birthday of Pres
ident Lincoln, delivered today by Sen
ator Lewis, of Illinois. The German
peace offers were declared to be only
a "ruse to murder."
Struggles of the world's democra
cies to retain their liberty were re
counted by Senator Lewis, quoting
thtt German Poet Goethe that "those
who have liberty must fight to keep
it." He referred to President Lin
coln as "the apostle df the liberty of
iih guarantees., against-- their cBj4iiMafcm4 the
Negotiations on Vast Scale
Looking Toward Peace
Now Going on
LIGHT OF PUBLICITY
ON GREAT ISSUES
Old Method of Secret Round
Table Conference Passes.
President Clears up
tfed repetition. Its spokesmen re-
pe any obligations for themselves
denying rightful liberties" of
lifers. Until a recognition is offered
the only principles on which an
tmorable peace can be concluded, it
i our duty to prosecute the war with
i the vigor we possess.
T have full confidence that my
mes in the field, in close co-opera-
Tith those of my faithful allies,
fill continue to display the same ho
pe courage and my people at home
lie same unselfish devotion, that
m already frustrated so many of
lie enemy's designs and will ensure
p ultimate triumph of the righteous
"I have summoned renrftsp.ntativfia
t 17 dominions and mv Indian Em-
ire to a further session of the Im-
wW War Cabinet in"order that I
again receive their advice on
stions of moment affectine the
mmon interests of the empire.
wauemen of the House of Com-
m you will be asked to malra
Stable provisions for thA rpnuirp.
tots of the combatant services and
Jf we stability of ou r national
My lords and ?Antismon
JjBle m which we are engaged has
jed a critical stage which de
M more than ever our united
. les and resources. I confident
' commend to vmir n5frfn,m
ures which will be submitted to
UTI pray that the Almighty
Jf bestow His blessing on your
Members of hnth tjct , t
X i l?SSemb,ed earfy today for
e Wn7 ine gnth session of
Jhngest Parliament in modern
Wain t v 13 ,. virtually
foflo 6 ast and 7 W
nWnefn. mS6S. Wlth wom"
try's hiVtn 7 urst Ume lu 1113
Queer, 7 2 ' accomPanied by the
Hthe or! , Ce of Wales. PPrfnrm-
'k absent f ceremony iooa in
- UiC LAJJ JJ"
democracy of the world " ! This na
tion's progress " and "ff eedom, he de
clared, is the world's inspiration for
"No democracy was ever founded,"
he said-, "that did' "not have to fight to
continue its existence or maintain its
From the envy of our situation,
from jealousy of our progress, hatred
was aroused in J;he hearts of others.
America's institutioae-of freedom, in
spiring mankind to her example, in
flamed the souls of the royal rulers
of Prussia with fear and inspired them
to the war of destruction of all that
America stood for and was living for.
This to them was necessarythat they
might avoid American influence upon
the hearts of the liberty loving Ger
"It has been chargd," Senator Lew
is said, "that America, under Presi
dent Wilson, would continue war to
force governments and people of for
eign lands to take our form Of gov
ernment." This he denied, asserting "the Pres
ident fights for democracy, as a right
of the whole world."
The promise of President Wilson to
"make the world . safe fordemocracy,"
he added, "is no threat to make the
world take democracy. It is but the
assurance of the effort to give the
world its chance to take democracy.
A Reciprocal Celebration.
Petersburg, Va., Feb. .12. A- recip
rocal sort of celebration as a return
compliment for the manner in which
Pennsylvania soldiers at Camp Lee
(Continued on Page Seven)
mm passes 60 foot
MAI AT (Ml
Washington, Feb. 12. Actual nego
tiations of a new type and on a far
greater scale than heretofore knownffv
as seen by old school diplomats in, heT
recenx series or aaaresses Dy spoKes-
e xi I
iiitm vl iuc YVdiiiug uaiiuus, uuummg
Although 'President Wilson's latest
address to Congress is regarded as a
clear reiteration of America's deter
mination to continue to fight until the
military masters of Germany are
ready to consider peace on the prin
ciples of justice, it was pointed out
negotiations on a vast scale really are
going on. ' -
These "extra-official negotiations",
as they are called by diplomats, de
part radically from the ancient and
accepted practices of diplomacy. In
stead of being conducted in the secre
cy of round table conference, the
great issues are now being expound
ed and critically analyzed ,in the light
of publicity anelthe world's forum.
The President addressed Congress
to clear up any confusion resulting
from the recent speeches on peace
',terms by Count von Hertltng, the
German Chancellor, and Count Czera
in, the Austrian Foreign Minister. In
the address of Count yon Hertling,
the President found no approach to
peace but only a proposal to end the
war on German terms.
The Austrian Premier however, thei
President said, seemed to see the fun
damental elements of peace with clar
vtsion and probably would have gone
further had. it not been for Austria's
dependency upon Germany.
P tafc WidiMt LUNUIJN Mi Win
fife mmm hMXvzm Ul
f mmm wmummmm ess
ill" i" mmm
( ' .... . ym iilh jhi,-1
ar features. It was de-
view of the war the
Peeresses would not wear
titular robes and
c me naval
'S Of Tr
' "jiu xiouses
. I m n 1 . C .1 T
l )n v fhft Kreakinsr or tne ice
Gorge Can Prevent Great
Cincinnati. Ohio. Feb. 12 With the
river at? this point showing a stage of
i ii pan rf v ri-u- vv-v
iaced fHu h . L11C iia3uy to rise at a rate, of .2 feet an hour,
Aftp,."u aress uniform.
tta. l-le tVm? read V,; .
"Can left the House
aa address replying to the
fcnaalit;",.e.a m bth Houses-
gives one 'of the
unities for debate in any
In., PrOCPPr1in . ...
:D k ,?n occasion
" mil of interest and
'i, Ul ar off r V-U,C1 LU wnoie
7a;-. -iie uasr te-ar Hair a
cSmors showing that
4 be 'ClSm of the government
ae ecd in the dph.to -
?le S's t0 the effect that a
$ 'av' condemning. the
river nien contend that only the break
ing of the ice gorge below this city
can save it from a disastrous- nouu.
The United States weather forecaster
has announced that the water will go
about 65 feet if the dam holds. This
will h 15 feet above the danger line
Qr.H win inundate a laree area of
ETound on both the Ohio and Keiv
tiickv sides of the river. Already the
low lands of Cincinnati and about
one-fourth of the city of Newport,
Kt.. are under water, but relief meas
ures have been prompt and this, cou
pled with the moderate weather has
reduced the suffering to the very min
imum among the tsricken families.
tttitttt jCtmots naaa evxi eSJoS'eqvr,
in places and js expected to break at
NEW CHIEF OF STAFF AN EXPERT ARTILLERIST. Major-General
Peyton Conway March; TJ. S. A., was recently selected to be chief of
staff of, the United, States Army. General March, although one of the
youngest army officers to attain the rank of -.Major-General, is held to be
one of the most widely experienced men in the army and of unusual qual
ifications to act as. chief of staff. He is 53 years old. "Quick action and
team work" might be written above his door.
r Copyright, Clinedinst
mm THE SPEECH
President Wilson's Address
Receives Prominence Us
ually Accorded Him
oetween .-. wasningtOTit i?
New York and Philadelphia ;: ;
By the Air Route; :
POSTOFHCE ASKS FOR l;
:: BIDS ON MACHINES
EIGHT HOUR BILL
Washington, Feb. 12 Discussion , of
the eight-hour railroad bill was con
tinued today with Timothy Shea, act
ing president of the Brotherhood of
Locomotive Firemen, enginemen and
bolsters ready to resume bjg testi
mony before the railroad wage com
Mr. Shea is asking that the mem
bers of his brotherhood receive an
increase inpay amounting to 10 per
cent, generally, with a minimum wage
of $3.50 per day.
AIRCRAFT BUSY OVER
With the American Army in France,
Monday, Feb. 11. It was bright and
clear today and a considerable num
ber of aircraft was over the Ameri
can, sector. The enemy machines
were busy taking photographs and
making observations, and a number of
air fights resulted. One group of
three enemy airplanes flew so law that
they became targets for anti-aircraft
and machine guns and were driven
The artillery continued active on
'both sides. The enemy dropped
shells in a number of villages 'be
hind the American lines and the
American artillerymen replied. Only
one man was reported wounded dur
ing the past 2 hours. He was in
jured, by a bursting shell in a vil
lage behind the lines. Several Amer
ican patrols reached the enemy en
tanglements last night without en
Ncountermg any Germans.
READY FOR DRAFTING
London, Feb. 12. The convention
between the British recruiting mis
sion and the United States draft au
thorities under which it s expected
200,000 ; Brush subjects m this coun
try will be subject to service in the
British army has been agred upon, it
was announced today by Major Mitch
ell Innes, legal adviser to the British
recruiting mission. The agreement
only awaits ratification by the Senate
and the signatures of ; President Wil
son and King George to become ef
fective. All the subjects between the
ages of 20. and 41 are. liable to call.
Recruiting missions from France
and Italy are soon to be sent here for
a similar purpose, it is said. .
Midwinter fa) at Orlando.
Orlanao, ria., reo. iz. witn a
large attendance of visitors, including
many tourists from the North, . Or
lando's annual Sub-Tropieal Midwin
ter Fair was opened today under the
most :. auspicious circumstances. The
day was given over- to the opening
festivities and the display of the
many exhibits gathered for this
Leaders of Both Parties to Be
Frequently Consulted on
Washington, . Feb. 12. President
Wilson will begin a series of confer
ences tomorrow with Congress lead
ersboth Republicans and Democrats
on all phases of war legislation..
For the first time members of both
parties are to be taken mtov the White
House councils- in the consideration of
war legislation, and in -this way the
administration expects to smooth out
some of the dfflculties which confront
the war program. The pending bill
i ATiniin inn
QUESTIONS OF PEACE
London, Feb. 12. President Wil
son's address is given the same prom
inence that all his utterances receive
in the morning newspapers, . but the
text reached the newspapers too- late
for more than perfunctory comment
on a, few outstanding sentences. The
President's attitude toward the speech
of Count von Hertling receives the
main attention and in this the Presi
dent is regarded as having gone to
the- heart of the matter.
In the address The Times sees an
Importatit refutation of "the Bolshevik
illusion that Prussian militarism can
be exercised by 'rhetoric" and com
mends the' serene confidence with
which President Wilson adheres to
the belief that the war will not end
without establishing the reign of
right and justice.
The Daily News believes that It was
not' A accident that the -President's
reply mfo Von Hertling and Count
Czernin was delivered on the eve of
a new session of the' British Parlia
ment and thinks that its significance
will not be lost on the House of Com
mons, kt view of conditions "which
axlsa generally, ffom ; the" gravity of
national ; affaire ; anpeificafly from
crjeaie thttlastersaitt!a -confer
another i reaction m the direction- of
a 'knockout blow. " -
Will Begin With One Roirid
Trip Daily and Be Enlarged ;
Later Will Be Permanent. ,
The Brest-Litovsk Conference
Spent Much Time Discuss
ing Trade Matters
New York, Feb. 12. Negotiations
for the renewal of Russo-German
trade relations, conducted at Brest
Litovsk simultaneously with the dis
cussion of a treaty of peace, are re
ported upon - in recent issues : of Ger
man newspapers reaching this coun
try. The account of the first seven
days of negotiations made to the main
committee of the Reichstag by Direc
tor Johannes of the foreign, office,
show that the Bolshevik leaders held
to -empower .the President to conol- the same view of the unfairness from
idate executive department functions a Russian viewpoint of the Russo-Ger-
and redistribute work among then, I man commercial treaties of 1894 and
now openly opposed by the Republi- j 1904 as had their predecessors under
cans, will be one of -the first subjects
to come up. Some of the Democrats
do not favor it, and the Republicans
openly denounce it as conferring too considered were forced upon' Russia
great authority. - v-
The bUU however, is the adminis
tration's counter proposal to the Sen
ate Military Committee bills,to create
of munitions. The President is. rep
resented as- being unalterably opposed
to the committee plan and many mem
bers of Congress are just as opposed
to the President's plan. I
The purpose of the conference is to
arrive . at ' some compromise' on this
subject first, but there is every- indi
cation i that. they will be carried on
throughout the war. .
The .President's move ; is regarded
as the first step' toward taking mem
bers of both -parties more -into his
confidence, and toward calling Repub
licans actively into the war councils.
GARFIELD TO SUSPEND
the old capitalistic order.
The ' Bolsheviki were unwilling to
renew these arrangements which they
during periods of financial; depression
The question of American trade
bulked largely in the preliminary dis
cussions. The. . German representa-
a super-war' cabinet, and -a" ministry tiv8 in endeavoring to. disprove the,
Washington Feb. M2. Fuel Admin
istrator Garfield is expected to rescind
tonight the heatless Mond ay order .
At a conference tbday with Director
General McA'diiie i went over ..the
fuel and transportation situation- and
was convinced' that railroad embar
goes will serve better.
Despite floods from melting snows,
Fuel Admiriistra)h officials believe
there Will be Tfo" further difficulty in
getting coal to the preferred list of
consumers established when the clos
ing order was put into operation. This
list gives coal first to householders,
ships, public utilities, public institu
tions and to certan war ndtistres.
Russian contention that the . balance
of trade under the old arrangements
was. against Russia argued, that large
quantities of imports into Russia
credited to Germany in the statistics,
were' really of American origin,
though brought in through German
German houses under pre-war con
ditions controlled the Russian market
so far as mkny American manufactur-
t-'ed articles vwere concerned, having
obtained exclusive selling agencies.
That Germany, Austria-Hungary
and the other Central . Powers con-
teiiyplate forming j a customs union
was established definitely during the
negotiation's. Russia obviously; would
not " be allowed o avail c itself of the
reduced or - abolished -duties of this
customs union." 'On the;' other hand,
Germany evidently intends to work
for free right of access to the Russian
market for its protege state, the "in
dependent" kingdom of Poland. -
One of the weak points, of the. Ger
man plan' for a protectorate of Poland
attached to the Austro-German system
Is the fact that the prosperity of Rus
sian Poland asan-industrial area was
built upon free access to th a Russian;
inferior markets . within the Russian
customs barriers and neither Ger
many nor Austria-Hungary wish to
admit Polish manufacturers to open
competition in the home, markets as
a substitute for the - Russian market.
Washington, Feb. 12. Establish-1
nient of an airplane maij service . be- '.
tween Washington Fmiaaerpflia- ana s i:
.New York during the coming summer ., f ?H
was incucated toaay wnen tne v osi-t
pffice Department called for bids on'
five airplanes- for "that service. . , 1
The service will begin with one
round trip a day and later may .ex
pand. ' First class mail only will be -cascied
at the outset.
The bids will be opened February '
21 and the planes are to be delivered "ft
not later then April 25 this year. 'Ai:
rangements have been made with the;,i.
War Department to release a SnfwC
ficient nuniber of motors, to equip' the 4
macnines. .. - ,, T
It is not the purpose of the Post?v4
effice Department to make this an et !
perimental service, Postmaster Gen, ;
eral". Burleson announced. "Its' prab-1
ticability is to be assured before the
establishment of the route. - Once es
tabllshed, - it is to remain a pennan ?r
ent service." '. . . ;';, . ".
Congress has approprated $100,000 .
for use in establishing aerial . mair; ;
service, uacn airplane will be re-.'
quired, to carry 300 pounds of xnaT a
distance of not less than 200s miles t
without stop, at a . JBiaijnjpn;,8Dee(t4
filrload: "of 10JO mUes an fcotrrr
9 uiiuiuiuut ay ecu Ul to XKlXeS BUlti '& "
climbing speed of 6,000 feef ln t9 ""
A special postage rate will be chargS : '
ed "for letters carried by airplane if T
Congress will sanction It with the
necessary alw. The rat? contejnplaU
ed is 25 cents per ounce or fraction
Washington, Feb. 12. Secretaiy
Baker today transmitted to the Sen
ate Military Committee the. shipping
statistics upon which he based his es-j
timates of transporting a million j WAR FINANCE TO v 1 , ; "
American soldiers to Europe this; ucr r riiLTriT'wriLiei
year. The information was labeled I HfcJ-r tAINLH liOPO
"highly confidential," and will be
considered in executive session of
the committee, as the basis for final
cross examination of Mr. Baker, prob
ably later this week and behind
The information was compiled
! I.I " '
Washington, Feb. 12. Creation of ...fH
the War Finance Corporation? .wljl
have salutary effect on the next , .
Liberty Loan, S. R. Bertron. a."'7Svw i
York and Philadelphia banker, today It
told the Senate. .Finance Committee.
largely by the general staff and is j Some such legislation,' IjtivZ saM"ras
understood to give complete details
of both) American and allied tonnage
available for transport service.
FAMOUS MARDI GRAS
HAS BEEN ABANDONED
Roosevelt Resretf Fairly Wcll.
New York, Feb. 12. Theodore
Roosevelt passed a fairly comfortable
night and wag renting easily this
morning, it -yra.B stated at the . Robso
ve.lt hospital.-where he underwent op
erations last week because of ab
ecesBes; inhls ears.
Moose War Commission Meets.,
Cleveland, Ohio, Feb. 12. Members
of . the war commission of the Su
preme Lodge of the Loyal -Order cf
Moose gathered here .today to com
plete plans for the expenditure of
$600,600 war relief fund. .At .the same
time the thirtieth anniversary4 of the
national order was celebrated
New Orleans, Feb. 12. For the
first time since the war between the
States, New Orleans today failed to
celebrate the Mardi Gras with the
customary festivities, masking and
parades. Owing to the war all the
merry-making and . pageantry which
formerly characterized . the fete day,
were abandoned by the city authori
ties and by the various carnival clubs.
The city authorities forbid masking
today on the ground that it might per
mit enemies of the nation to commit
necesasry to carry on the business
of the country.
IU1U IUO l-.lllll III 1 rw it
he favored the annointment of. a. com- Q W
mission for the selection' of local
ixi -- 1 -M- J . A 1
commmees in eaca reuerai reserve
district to pass on proposed . security
issues; ; ' '
Among Eastern bankers, he, said,
there is "almost universal approvalT
of the bill in general. :
pppi mi ir am 1 v AnFPQ
STILL IN SESSIcWil
St. Louis, Feb. 12.- The exeeuUve
committee of the Republican JTaiipnaT
Committee this morning took up the
contest from Tennessee between fJep-.:
unlawful acts while disguised. Alllse M. Litfteton and John J. Gore.
the balls and social affairs unsually
given during the few months just pre
ceding Mardi Cri-as by . the carnival
organizations also were 'dispensed
with this season.
THE PALMETTO STATE
--' ' ' "1
1 ,M - t
Several Important Measures
Were Adopted in the 35
Columbia, S. C Feb
South Carolina General Assembly
closes today - after a 35' days session .
The principal war measure passed by
the body was an act creating a State
Council of rDefense and providing an
appropriation of . $45,000 for its sup
port. A law-was passed providing for
the Australian, ballot ; system for the
towns and cities of the State. The
Assembly, ratified .-the national ,prohi
btion amendment but declined to pass
a "bone dry'' law, leaving the quart-a-month
. law -in force but - strengthening
it so that the quart may be secured
only for sickness. - .
, An injunction law, against ... lewd
nouses was . passed at the urgent re
quest of the War Department.
Electioneering for chairman it'the;''
National Committee continued . , all '
morning preparatory to 1 the meeting:
of the National Committee this after : ir
Fred Stanley, of Wichita, national;.;;
committeeman for Kansas, wag men
tioned today as a candidate forjCbaii
man of the National Committee; Par
iv leaHpTc this mnrninp innnirtA In'fi-
ma quauuv;a.uuuB uu iune vrciWC'
aences mat ne was seriously consia 1
erea. in view or ine struggle Detwen- -1
the supporters of John T. AdamsV'of
Iowa, and Will Hayes, of Indians.
ATTACK ON ITALY v I
: Berlin, Feb. 12,. (via London). Brit
ish Admiralty per Wireless : .Presr. i
12. The LAfter a day of. lively artillery , fire on ' ?
Italian front, the Austriahs attacked.'
south of Sasso Rosso, clearing, upi i
porting, positions, and capturing near-;
ly 180 " prisoners, ..army headquarters-;
. ; ---
Motor Truck Carry Supplies. ., ;
Buffalo, "N. Y.f Feb. 12. Slxty-tbre
motor tracks in charge of army; en ? ..
gineers and carrying war supplies' left ;
here this morning for New York.;. A
furtehr deyeoipment of motpr truck
transportation of arm y supplies totheN
seaboard: will depend ' on the success '
of : the trip. Weather conditions' are ,
unfavorable, many country roati be
ing flooded. -j
"" --' .'rii'i l '
ft j .
1 ' , 1