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FULL LEASED VIRE?ERVlCE
WILMINGTON.. NORTH CAROLINA. WEDNESDAY FEBRUARYS '27, 1918.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
BOLSHJhVlHl MAKE . "nists TfflETY LIVES LOST
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U H A NY ( :n kvWK ft u nLU'u- -,UIW
1W. JLrfi. Aiii JL JL HJ ILK JU 1L JLil M
1 -f7 . Ava Rl 1 O lit.
fcn ana women j
Engaged Uigging 1 rencnes
TO GRAIN I AKIYllD 1 1VE
Plea and Continue lheir
jarck Germans Make
Gas Attack on Americans
Chancellor von Hertling
h . dii U if II VI V
P8 . otrorossinn and as:-
declared Germany s
Past were not aggie
C.pmpnt. German military
iinrlties nave Qei;uucu w fe1""" "
Slice on the Russian front in
2 of the Bolsheviki offer to ac-
HURLEY WILL NOT
Chairman of Shipping Board
Unexpectedly Called to
ORDERS SURVEY OF
who TnPir ULL naiu "
U,ikl are no bendins every ef-
M to save me ibvuiuuuu
jugrad irom me u"iu
t? rumored that the Germans have
-ached Luga, midway between Pskov
d Petrograd. This is unconfirmed
Is Is a report max me euemy uo
Cwod to a point half way between
La and Pskov. Meanwhile the street
Mting m rsnov gucs uu, wtj
mnging hands auernaieiy.
Workmen and troops irom -etro--id
and troops from Moscow are be-
!jj sent to check or stop the advance
a Petrograd. Women and men are
Susily building trenches and defen
ce positions around Petrograd. The
Bolshevik government, it is declared,
fill reitre to Moscow if the Germans
ale the capital. Disagreement in
onncil of Workmens and Soldiers
Delegates is reported, and it is added,
iat Foreign Minister Trotzky will
mtte government,- .,-rS6
A provisional government has been
formed in Esthonia with headquarters
Reval and the independence of
Esthonia has been proclaimed. Chan-
sltor von Hertling said that Ger
:iny would give self-government io
Coorland and Lithuania but it is re
torted from Switzerland that a Saxon
Prince is to be made King of Lithuania
fMch will be united to Saxony.
Artillery bombardments on the
western front have increased in in-
ffflsity, especially in the Ypres sec
tc, along the Chemin Des Dames and
n both banks of the Meuse near Ver-
ai. On the American sector, north
west of Toul, the Germans have at
Npted unsuccessfully to wipe out
p Americans with naming gas and
Pa shells. Three American soldiers
sre killed in two such attacks and
Re suffered seriously from the ef-
f5 or the gas. The American ar-
wery is shpll
official recognition has vet
pn taken, of Chancellor von Hert-
Pfs speech. It isreearderl in Wash-
on,. London and Paris as a war
inancellor's numnsp on nffiVioi
ie "ench foreign office aavs. was
seDaratp the pnt ah.- u
""iruic .iiies, ssniiiu-
!JH.eace talk and impress Germnay
rl me military caste had Inst its
, Belgium, it is declared, hard-
)w answer the rhon,.n
knnan submarines have not let up
k ,-ineir camrjaip-n !nini,f ov.
IS thp lit An -. . J X
CMftv n "lcol vuiuin. one is
r Bun HnonicV, -u.- .
f'n five ' torpedoed
Hurley's Tour of Inspection of
Southern Ports Suddenjy
Terminated by Press of Of
Chairman Edward N. Hurley, of the
United States Shipping Board, will
not visit Wilmington this week, as
had beenplanned, and it is extreme
ly doubtful whether the distinguish
ed shipbuilder will ever make the pro
posed visit. This information was
contained in a telegram received this
morning by the local district United
States engineering office from the dis
trict supervisor, from Savanah. Mr.
Hurley has been called back to Wash
ington and it is imperative that he be
there tomorrow- for participation in
discussion of affairs of a public na
However, he has ordered the dis
trict supervisor to make a special sur
vey of all available sites in Wilming
ton and the belief is prevalent that
equally as . much will be accomplished
in this manner as would have been
accomplished from personal visitation
by the head of the shipping board.
Governor Bickett was advised this
morning of the postponement of
Chairman Hurley's visit and this
means that the State's chief execu
tive will not be in the city this week,
as his proposed visit was conditioned
upon the coming of the head of the
All arrangements for the reception
and entertainment of the distinguish
ed Washlngtonian had been about
completed when tlje telegram calling
on nis visit was received and while
regret is occasioned because of his
inability to come it is believed that
the proposed survey of the port will
produce results identical with those
that would have ben obtained from a
visit by Mr. Hurley.
Will Put Every Possible Ob
stacle in Way of Ger
IN WIDE TERRITORY
Statement Declares the Great
Principles of the Revolu
tion Must Be Defended
at All Costs
HAS CHANCE TO
LAND BIG PLANT
-sion, Feb. 27.-A11
auvisnrt i j
--"v. i aim a tr ttr V, T7 3 ,i
rtW a0hld for war Purposes.
tomatr dvised' a11 canned corn'
A0e,8' strin- beans and sal-
NMS TOLD TO
HOLD THEIR STOCK
"c VjOVprnm4. T:ll T T .
-"mv-m win use
Available Supplies for
Of ciirVi vU! . . .
at "uiuings must De
P . before March 15. Can-
'eport ir,H- n. stock are required
les " f icaung this fact. Quan-
fapuy. anted will be released
LWese v7,. . " "ie coiiapse oi
? Slands at the Hon
R. a..- "dren were trnmnloH n
tHonK Cg t0 a Teuter dispatch
m hL,0n fire broke out and
uur others were burned
While Chairman Hurley, of the
United States Shipping Board, .
--aaBHiipte'-ld visit W1P" '
mington at this time. Wilmington
still has a chance of landing a
big shipbuilding plant, provided
the business men of Wilmington
act upon a definite proposition
that has been submitted to some
This information is authentic
and has ' been in the hands of
The Dispatch for two days. Mr.
J. Allen Taylor, to whom it is
understood the proposition was
made as representing the Cham
berof Commerce committee, said
today at noon that he had nothing
to give out, although he did not
deny that a proposition had been
submitted to him as representing
the committee. The information
given The Dispatch is that a defi
nite proposition has been sub
mitted and prompt action on the
part of Wilmington is absolutely
essential. Delay would mean,
The Dispatch is informed, " that
the particular proposition will go
elsewhere. It is understood that
the bringing of this enterprise to
Wilmington would mean a weekly
payroll of $75,000. The statement
is made that it may now be too
late for Wilmington to act it
may have been too late when the
proposition was first sent to the
Wilmington business men but
there is still some chance that
Wilmington can winT"" It is at
least worth trying for.
The details of the proposition
The Dispatch is not at this time
at liberty to reveal, as they were
given to us in strictest confidence.
Besides it would not be good pol
icy to publish them to the world
at this time. It is from a source
considered authentic and is in
black and white.
The Wilmington business men
to whom the proposition fs said to
have been submitted may be work
ing on the project doing every
thing they can and it is sincere
ly hoped that they are. Empha
sis should be given to the fact
that to accomplish anything defi
nite action must be taken with
out any further delay.
The reason The Dispatch with
held for two days the publication
of the fact that a proposition had
been submitted was that we were
waiting on more information re
garding the project, which came
The importance of securing a
charter at once for the proposed
trust company was emphasized. It k
is pointed out that this should be
done at orjyce and organization
perfected, in the event the city
does not land the proposition in
question it will be Ire position tov
better prosecute the other propo
sition. In the opinion f The
Dispatch's informant the trust
company should obtain -a charter
at once and organize.
IS TO BE EXPECTED
Highly Trained Germans Will
, Have Little Difficulty in,'
Entering Petrograd 1
London, Feb. 27. The Russian revo
lution will defend Itself against Ger
many, says an official Russian state
ment, sent out by wireless and which
announces that Germany has refused
torant an armistice. The announce
"A peace delegation is now on the
way to Brest-Litovsk. We expect any
moment news that it has arrived at
the place appointed for peace nego
tiations, but there is no armistice.
The German government has formally
refused an armistice and German de
tachments continue to advance.
"We are prepared to sign their
peace of usurpation. We have already
declared this, but there are many in
dications that the German imperial
ists do not desire peace at the pres
ent moment, but rather an immediate
strangling of the workmen's and peas
Resistance to the German hordes
thus becomes the principal task of
the revolution brave, heroic, obsti
nate and pitiless resistance. Every
position, every railway station, every
locomotive must he defended. Every
possible obstacle must be put in the
way of the enemy. '
Our greatest strength is in our
wide territories. Enemy detachments,
still very small, have occupied Reval
and Pskov. Even Petrograd itself.
which is still far distant, can no way
decide the destiny of the devolution.
London, Feb. 27. If special dis
patches from Petrograd gauge accur
ately the situation there, the Germans
are likely to find little difficulty in
occupying the city with trained troops.
Russian soldiers quite frankly refuse
to fight and say "We have had
enough of fighting. If the Germans
come, let them take us."
There is stiff er attitude among the
workmen from whom, if at all, re
sistance to the Germans must come.
Even though, for lack of training, their
resistance should prove of little value,
they are said to be enrolling with en
thusiasm in response to the call of the
Some correspondents describing the
bulk of the population as lost in be
wilderment and apathy, think such re
sistance as may be offered will amount
to little. They say no amount of talk
by the Bolshevik leaders can cover
the plain facts of the situation.
The Germans in Petrograd already
have organized to police the city, the
correspondent of The Morning Post
In several dispatches Nikolai Len
ine figures as the backbone of resist
ance to the-. Germans, although origin
ally he was responsible for swaying
the executive committee of the sol
diers and workmen's delegates in the
direction of concluding peace on hu
The. Daily News correspondent tell3
a story of differences between Lenine
and Trotzky and the divergent tenden
cies among the Bolsheviki during the
crucial discussions of the last week
Other dispatches indicate continuance
of the tension and say Trotzky refus
ed to return to Brest-Litovsk to sign
the terms of surrender to which Len
ine's counsels persuaded the executive
GERMAN REPLY HAS
NOT BEEN RECEIVED
Petrograd, Tuesday, Feb. 26. The
Bolsheviki have not yet received a
reply from the Germans to the mes
sage of Ensign Krylenko asking
whether Russia's acceptance of Ger
many's peace terms renewed the pre
A German detachment has appeared
at Savage, half way between Luga
and Pskov. This is the nearest the
invaders have approached to Petro
grad, where factory workers, men and
women are enrolling for the defense
of the capital.
RAIDER DESTROYED 35 SHIPS.
Berlin, Feb. 27. The German
raider Wolf, which has returned to
a home port, after raiding Entente
shipping in the Pacific, destroyed
at lqast 35 vessels, it was officially
announced today. Some of the
steamships, it is stated, were load
ed with English troops and the
sinkings, therefore, caused a cor
responding loss of human life.
WIEM NAAL TUG
MA YOR CANDLER ON
THE WITNESS STAND
Atlanta's Mayor Testifies in
Case Against J. W. Cook
and Mrs. Hirsch
ATTEMPT AT VERBAL
Defendants Are Indicted for
Trying to Extort Money
From the Mayor by Threats
Atlanta, Ga., Feb. 27. Asa G. Can
dter, millionaire mayor of Atlanta,
was the principal figure in the trial
here today of J. W. Cook, jointly in
dicted with 'Mrs. H. H. Hirsch, on a
charge of attempting to blackmail Mr.
Candler. Preliminaries were quickly
handled by Judge Ben Hill, of the
Fulton County Superior Court, where
the trial was held and before the end
of the first hour the jury had been
selected and Mr. Candler, as the first
witness called, had launched into his
Mrs. Hfa-seh occupied a seat across
the table from Cook. She entered the
court room wearing a heavy black
veil which she removed a few min
utes later. She wore a blue tailored
suit and. smiled and nodded to those
about her, apparently unconcerned.
Her husband was not in the court
prw- Mvommiii f v.o nin.'.' .1 room wnea tne trial oegan.
C- 7JTT"rr wfi mm w?rw.v -Shid - mAirPd rlHfe whole story would be tola at th
retreat, musx gather ita forces , itad
must appeal to the country to use its
whole strength for the defense $t the
revolution. Should the threat to Pet
rograd Increase, the government will
remove to- Moscow or any other city
If Germany's plundering raid
should advance, the task of the gov
ernment would be to destroy the pos
sibility of a simultaneous catastrophic
decision by the Germans. They are
attempting to crush the authority cf
the councils and are in search of it
on the routes leading to Petrograd.
"We will bar these routes bj' everv-
thing we can interpose as obstacles.
This at the moment is the principal
task of Petrograd proletariat and its
revolutionary staff. But al the same
time we must act in such a manner
that the German generals may de
clare the recognized authority of the
councils, not only in Pterograd, but
throughout the whole country, North
and South, and on both sides of tne
Urals. Even if they think they can
i i t ....
grew out of her activities in Red
Cross work, Mayor Candler described
in detail her visit to his office on
February 6 when Cook also appeared.
"When Cook suddenly appeared
and said: 'Our Honorable Mayor, this
is nice,' I at once suspected that a
trap had been laid for me," the Mayor
On cross examination by John R.
Cooper, of counsel for the defense,
Mr. Candler denied that he knew
Cook before meeting Mrs. Hirsch. He
also denied, in answer to questions;
that he had ever taken any liberties
with Mrs. Hirsch on her various vis
its to his offices.
Forest Adair, a wealthy real estate
dealer, followed Mr. Candler on the
stand. He related how the Mayor
had come to him on the day of Cook's
and Mrs. Hirsch's visit to his office
and how he acted in behalf of the
Mayor in subsequent dealings with
the couple. -
Everything was in readiness for the
reach Petroerad bv a mere milita: v i trial for Mrs. H. H. Hirsch and J. w
promenade we will prove .to them Cook on -the charge of alleged attempt-
that they will have to disperse them-jed verbal blackmail of Mayor Asa G.
selves all over Russia before they Candler, Sr., before Fulton county
Superior Court, Judge Benjamin H
(Continued on Page Eight). Hill, when court convened this morn
ing. The State decided to sever the
hearings and try Cook first.
Despite the large number of wit
nesses that had been summoned, coun
sel expressed the belief that the trials
would be concluded wrthin two days.
The State, it was said, had subpoen
aed about 40 witnesses, including H.
H. Hirsch, husband of the accused
woman, while the defense late yester
day issued subponaes to be served on
women employes of the City Hall.
R .B ..Jackson, a , divorced husband
of Mrs. Hirsch, was also said to be
in the city, but it could not be learned
which side of the case he would tes
tify for. Both defense and prosecu
tion, later yesterday laid claims to
Mrs. Hirsch and Cook were indicted
by the Fulton county grand jury on
February 14 on evidence submitted
by the attorney of Mayor Candler. It
was alleged in testimony at the bear
ing that they had sought to extort half
a million dollars from Mrs. Candler by
threats of revealing certain alleged
actions of Mrs. Hirsch and the mayor
during a visit o fthe woman to his of
fice. Mayor Candler, In quoted testimony
before the grand jury, denied emphat
icaly that he had ever received Mrs.
Hirsch in his office except on what
he supposed to be a visit connected
with Red Cross work she having been
an active Red Cross worker in this
Mrs. Hirsch and Cook, on the other,
hand, had maintained a strict silence
concerning the case from the begin
ning, .Their, only comment when
Vessel Foundered in a Gale
22 Miles From Dela
ONLY TEN SURVIVORS ''
OF CREW )F FORTY.
Cherokee Formerly Belonged r
to Luckenbach Steamship
Company, but Recently Re4
THANKS GIVEN THE DISPATCH.
The-Dispatch today received the following communi
Wilmington, N. C, Feb. 27, 1918.
To the Editor of The Dispatch:
We, the undersigned members of the Streets Department
of the city of Wilmington, beg to most heartily and sin
cerely thank you for your editorial which appeared in last
Sunday morning's paper. We feel that you voiced the
sentiments of a large number of the good citizens of Wil
mington in asking that we receive more wages for our
labors. We appreciate the outspoken manner in which
you so fairly and impartially presented our case.
Again thanking you mast sincerely, we are;
C. J. JUSTICE.
I. S. CHADWICK.
D. J. BROWNING.
H. B. SHEPARD.
G. C. POTTER.
C. G. CARNEY.
J. H. WILLIAMS.
M. W. JORDEN.
E. F. PHUE.
W. H. WILLIAMS.
N. R. JONES.
J. W. CRANDEL.
W. J. BELL.
E. D. SKIPPER.
T. B. WALKER.
M. J. MERRITT.
J. H. PINER.
S. V. SKIPPER.
G. I. E. CRANDALL.
J. W. McKINEY.
W. C. BAKER.
W. L. SMITH.
J. W. ENGLISH.
M. F. HARRISS.
P. D. PINER.
D. C. HOWARD.
G. E. HACKINS.
Long before 9 o'clock the last
available seat in the court room had
been filled and it was announced that
standing in the aisle and about the
walls would not be permitted.
After Judge Hill overruled a motionJ
for a change of venue and several de-
Lmurrers filed on behalf of the defense
the surprisingly short time of 12 min
Mayor Candler was called as the
In response to questions by At
torney Reuben R. Arnold, associate
counsel for the prosecution, Mr. Cand
ler stated that he became acquainted
with Mrs. Hirsch in the summer of
1917 when she came to his office in
the city hall, accompanied by another
woman. She was interested in sell
ing an automobile by tickets, for the
benefit of the Red Cross. She was in
doubt as to whether the city ordi
nances would permit this plan.
Several days later, the mayor testi
fied, Mrs. Hirsch came to see him
he believed it was in his office in the
Candler building to request his as
sistance in handling some tickets on
the automobile at a dinner to be given
in honor of Brigadier General Eben
Here Attorney Arnold asked the
mayor some questions that were rul
ed out by Judge Hill on the ground
of irrelevance. Arnold then took un
the matter of a photograph taen of
Mayor Candler, General Swift and
Mrs. Hirsch, which one of the At
lanta papers printed.
, "I had nothing to do with the ar
rangement of that group," stated May
or Candler. "The photographer se
lected the people he wanted in the
picture and I simply consented to his
arrangement. My recollection is that
about a dozen people were in the
snap-shot, although only three of us
appeared in the newspaper reproduc
tion." Continuing his account of his ac
quaintance with Mrs. Hirsch, the
"Mrs. Hirsch called on me a time
or two later in my office in the Cand
ler . building. The conversation all
the time was about the tickets for
the automobile. She did nothing that
indicated that she was not a lady.
She visited me once in rfy office in
City Hall1. I think that was last Jan
uary. She was Interested then se
curing enforcement of the laws against
cruelty to animals. She asked that
a new humane officer" be assigned to
"I saw, her again on February 4 on
Forsyth street, on my way from the
city hall to the Candler building.
"She asked me for a conference
that afternoon in my office in the
Candler building. I told her it would
be impossible, but I would see her on
Wednesday afternoon, February 6, at
4 o'cldck in my office, at the Candler
building. She did not state the mat
ter she wished to discuss with .me,
although she made mention of the
"On Wednesday afternoon, Febru-
Wshington, Feb. 27. Thirty officers
and enlisted men of the naval tag
Cherokee are believe"d to have, been'
lost when the vessel foundered yes j
terday morning in a gale off Fenwickj
Island lightship 22 miles from thep'
Delaware capes. ':
Ten survivors who got away ou
the first life raft were landed; four!
other men got away on another raft
but two were washed overboard and
drowned and the other two died, prob-1
ably of exposure. The four bodies
were taken into Philadelphia.
The Cherokee formrly was a tug of.!
the Luckenbach ..Steamship Line and
not long ago was requisitioned by the.
The Navy Department issued this
"The Navy Department is advised
that the U. S. S. Cherokee, a "lavy
tug, foundered yesterday morning off.
the Atlantic coast. Of the 40 aboard
five officers and 35 enlisted men 30
had been landed at last account
these having beett taken- to PhfladeI-2
phia. Four dead were picked up by:
"The 10 known survivors got away
in the first life raft. Four got away
on the second life raft, but two were,,
washed overboard and the other twow
Were dead when picked up by a Brit
Following are the names of the 10P
known survivors: ,
Boatswain E. M. Sennott, U. S. N..
R. F., Boston; L. P. Ackerman, sea
man; H. P. Poynter, fireman; R. J.
Hall, seaman; C. E. Barker, chief ma,L
chinists mate; R. A. Kozeck, fireman;.!
P. H. Warmack, fireman; A. A. Wail-.
in, oiler; E. L. Gudgel, fireman, and
B. F. Brumfield, radio electrician.
Steering Gear Broke.
Philadelphia,-Feb. 27. According to
the captain of the rescue ship In a
message telephoned to his agents here
the loss of the Cherokee was du to a
broken steering gear. "The tug was
proceeding southward and while the1
gale was at its highest the accident to
the steering machinery rendered her
helpless. The waves hit her broad- ,
side and broke in the hatches. After
this the Cherokee remained afloat only
a short time.
L SNIP SUNK
IN BRITISH CHANNEL
No Patients on Board Crew
Rescued by an American
London, Feb. 27. The British hoK
pital ship Glenart Castle was sunk
yesterday in the Bristol channel,
is announced officially. There weref
no patients on board. Survivors were5
landed by an American torpedo boat.
Eight boats are still adrift. " ?
The official report follows:
"Hhe British hospital ship Glenart '
Castle was sunk in the Bristol chan-''; !i
nel at 4 a. m. yesterday. She was .'.'..? 'ft
outward bound and had all her lights.; ;
burning. There were no patients on
"Survivors have been landed by an yt
American torpedo boat destroyer. A
Eight boats are still adrift. Further..- ,t
information will be published as re-
ceived." - ; ;t
(Continued on Page Seven).
-The Glenart Castle, 6,807 tons
gross and 440 feet long, was built at.: y,
Belfast in 1906. She was owned in
The Bristol channel is an arm of - '
the Atlantic extending into the south-
western part of Great Britain between w.!
England and Wales.
34. Survivors Land.
Swansea, Wales, February 27. V !
Thirty-four survivors of the Glenert ! '
Castle have been landed here. The f
number of persons on board is said to
have ben 200. -.