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VOL XXIV. No. 100..
WILMINGTON, NORTH CAROLINA FRIDAY AFTERNOON. APRII IQ iqi
BELIEF IS GROWING
... , t , . - T '
erman Thrust Launched Last
Week Now Facing a
ENEMY STILL SHORT
Although the great German thrust
launched last week against the Brit-
h lines from Germany to Ypres has
lent back the British front badly in
mis enure area, uie oensive nere
tands checked today antt in immi
nent danger of utter failure so far as
the larger results aimed at are con
Field Marshal Haigs Jxoops yester
day had to meet one of the severest
tens put upon them in withstanding
German eort to broaden - out the
alient created before the early impe-
n? of the German drive in the Lys
battlefield was spent- They came
through th ordeal with colors , flying
nd completely stopped the German
From Giveney to St. Venant, an 11
mile sector on the southerly side of
he salient. German trooDs were hurl-
soumv.est Demna Betnune and compel
ie British to fall back from Givenchy
ad along the front Southward toward
Hrr?- ridse and Arras. The defAn-
iv line held firm despite repeated
iH.?perate a.psaults which cost the Ger-
aia i enormous losses, and last night
it tattle had died down to-an artil
ery duel. Cprrespcndents at the
ront declare the British front is now
'ore secure than it has been for
Further eorts, probably of an equal,
determined nature, may be emect
1 from the. Germans -who -jure .in. too-
xpoaed a, fpesition fronf enfiladins
lunfire in their narrow salient' to rest
comfortably where they are. Indeed,
hey resumed their attacks last night
n the Mount Kammel region, on .the
Northerly side of the battlefront,
Southwest of r Ypres, where they are
inding the rBitish firmly installed on
the dominating heights. These as
eaults, like the preceding ones, were
On the Somme battlefront, the
French have held to their-gains qf
yesterday in the region of Castel,
where they drove the Germans further
jfrom the line of the Paris-Amie,us
ranway in a spirited local attack. Ger
man machine gun nests on the front
this attack were wipe dout br the
French during the night.
The city of Rheims, which was set
fire several days afro bv a viefona
German bombardment, is now noth-
ng bu a heapof smoking ruins, ac-
oaing to Paris pres saccounts of
onditions there. The famous cathe-
German bombardment, is now nothing: Senator Tillman, of South Carolina.
a neap oi smOKing rums, accord-: ;
Jfready badly battered, is declared to are still as firm as formerly."
tove little left of it. but the. We.a
1W.000 shells have been sent into the
wtt of the city, is tsill in progress.
British troons are standiiisr firflm
kfore strong enemy attacks on the
front North of Arras, while South
est of Amiens the French have
taven the Germans back in the. Te-
s'n of Moreuil
The heaviest fiehtine on the North-
front is on the Southern side of
Je salient from St. Venant, West of
erville. to Givencv On thl 11:mllo
irnt the German a
j!lns or about 137,000 men. . '
capture of most of .the Messines
jnschaete ridge by the Germans did
!-bring the defeat of the British
Jjca nearer as FieM Marshal; Haig
fitted the enemy by withdrawing
unes Northeast and East of
Pres. in tbS region the Germans
e iolundering in mud while efforts
8 him l Tim.i . n . . .
v ue flnusa ' une soutn oi
I fall a -a.n.iiig Aemrnei niu nave
lulled Sevpro Insoao TisiA.JThnralair
"e florrvio. XI , . - B '
saint tViio i 'a.
iu uut eam ume were
"r0Wn hanlr i . i. T
e fighting and artillery duels con
t... a"Q- westwara towara
It. nA. . T-r-v -m
rlfnrt swituiiiBg meir strong
L from the North to the South,
icren T. n.Li .l i i
Br-r rnans have not yet gaihed any
I fro" lJlfl'r evident desire on, the
(rf)." v; iuwest or Givenchy is. to
Bi,. as9e canal and outflank
Um , wiui u prooaniy . .uens
t. AlTa?. Thp olimtnoHnn nt fha
!ec,,r rr.as salient would make less
Heav A"'et in Picardy.
W stacks have been delivered
but th Venant and near Givenchy
H : pu nemy has Imd no advance,
checked everywhere with large
Washington, April 19. PaaagQ of
the bill introduced by Senator Cham
berlain, placing under control-of th
1 TVtlllfnvr' J.1. !1I " y . "
(n I A HCXtXi DCCTTITC U iaiJ' aumunues -air cases invoiv
Uf LAKVitK KtiULia ing violations of espionage acts, is
, Imperative for the protection of all-
. t n frr ens in tnis countryr Norman H. Whito,
Waves or Uerman 1 roops are, of Brookline; Mass.," of the military
RrtM Rack bv the Firmlv inteIliSence section of the . army, to
Kolled DacK Dy me rirmiy day . told the Senate MiUtary commit.
Resisting Troops Situation te,.
Looking bnghter. he said,; "you'll come to it later and
tne non-passage of this bill only
means ajtfew more" items in the news-,
papers daily telling of the tar and
feathering of aliens and riding of wo
men on rails and hanging perhaps of
Augusta, Ga., April 19. The Geor-
! gia Federation of Labor, assembled
her in annual convention today,
adopted resolutions endorsing . per
manent government ownership" ot
railroads and urging President Wil-
son and Georgia's Representatives in
Congress to use their influence to
have action on the pendiqg legisla
tion to restore railroads to the own
ers be deferred until the close of the
id i4 masses on the British positions war- An amendment was included in
r -; . i ll a i . ,
a an eort to break through to theiine resolution endorsing government,
ownership ' of all public utilities
It is charged in the resolution that
the Western Union Telegraph Com
pany has instituted a lockout against
employes who are members of the
Commercial Telegraphers' Union, and
it was due to this condition that the
apeal is made for the government to
take over the telegraph lines.
SCHWAB TODAY .
BEGINS HIS WORK
Washington, April 19. Charles M.
Schwab today began active work as
director of shipbuilding for the Ship
ping Board by conferring with Ber
nard M. Boruch, chairman of the 'War
Industries B5ard, and J. Leonard Rep
logle, director of field supplies of the
board, regarding transportation and
supply problems. He a.sked the board
to 3ed up delivery of plates and
other steel to the ship yards.
Bosch Plant Taken Over.
Washington, April 17. The govern
ment has taken over the big plants of
the Bosch Magneto Company, . at
Springfield, Mass., and Plainsfield, N.
J., and directors will be named by
Alien ' Property Custodian Palmer to
conduct their operation. Investiga
tion showed, it was announced today,
that the company is entirely enemy
For "Jim Crow" in Capital.
Washinetdn. Arril 19 A hill tm-
ral, already badly battered, is de- i posing "Jim Crow" street cars in
lared to. have been set on fire bv the Wnsh
g to Paris press accounts of condi , center of fierce strucsles as it was
ions there. - The famous cathedral, i m OCrn hut tVlb 'Pr'itiaVl thara
I. T " ..--ww.j A J-tJ UU JAAAt' V't W WUiVtWU Vll ItO
ttmt and the pillars, .and shells are . bearing on the defenses of Betnune
j"u iamng around the edifice. The : and Lens.
wmbardment during which-more than I Berlin for the first time since the
Northern operations began announces
in its' latest communication that the
situation is unchanged.
.The French success on the Picardy
battlefield was gained on a three-mile
front running from the North to, the
Southwest of Moreuil. The aperx of a
sharp pointed salient West of Castel
was within three miles of the railway
running South from Amiens and was
the nearest the Germans had got to
Amiens in the offensive which the
Germans began more than four weeks
ago. The Germans have been driven
Jfrom Senecat wood and th,e French
have reached the outskirts of Castel
and progress was made South of Cas
tel. v Five hundred "prisoners, includ
ing 15 officers, were captured by the
Italian troops will be sent to the
'Western front to aid the embattled
Allied troops agains the Germans. An
nouncement to this effect has been
made in the Italian chamber of-depu-tles
by Premier Orlando.
The various political parties In Ire
land have patched up their differ
ences and will resist conscription "by
the most effective means" at their dis
posal. The Irish bishops and a con
ference of political parties presided
over by the- Lord Mayor of Dublin
both haye signified their purpose to
resist. The .government man power
bill, including the irish conscription
clause, has received the assent of
King George, but no home rule bill
has. yet b;en - submitted to Parlia
ment. Stoppage of all work in Austria on
May 1 t& $ hold demonstrations fc?
peace hwe been ordered by the Ger
man Socialist .party .-.Jn Austria, ac
cording to Amsterdam report.
ARRIVES IN AMERICA
: An Atlantic Port, April 19. Among
the passengers on an American steam
ship which arrived! here today from
the West Indies was Lord Denton, a
brother of the late Lord Kitchener,
who was lost at sea in 1916, .when en
route to Russia on a military mission.
The present Lord Kitchener who
of his famous brother,, also is .known
Succeeded to the title upon the death
as Lord Denton. fcHe "was born1 Octo
ber 5, 1846. Years ago he command
ed the Duke of Cornwall's light in
fantry as a lieutenant colonel. He
won the Croix de Guesrre during serv
ice in Burma and Jn the fa anipur ex1
pedition in 1891. For some time past
Lord Denton has been in command
of the British West Indies regimen
nv DFIFIMT' ATTArif! '
X I IOE11 1 J 4 1 y IV
With the British Army in France,
April 19. Exhausted by the failure 1
or yesterday s neavy attacKs on tne
GivencnyLiaBasse canal iront, tnejr - A Sharp Setback.
eGrmans made no iurtner moves our-i
ing tne nignt and on tne greater Parcta.m,rSday , April 18. The French ad
of the Flanders battlefront quiet pre
vailed this morning.
The British re-established their line
West of Robesq, on the southwesterly
part of the Lys battlefront by re-capturing
ground at Rieux Du Vinage
farm yesterday afternoon.
Kemmel Hill, on the Northerly side
of the battle area, was still being
heavily bombarded this morning .in
preparation for .fresh . assaults by the
Boston Won. Morning Game.
Boston, Mass., April 19. Morning
game j .
New York .. .000. 0J0. 000 1 4 ,2
Boston . . . . "Oil 000 OOx 2 8
kBatteriesi.Rusgell jandUJUiel; -Bush,
and Agnew.'V . ;
London, April 19. With few excep
tions the . British press supports the
changes in the cabinet announced yes
terday. The Daily Mail, which is among
the exceptions, says that in order not
to embarrass the government, the
North Cliffe Press has refrained from
criticism of many a matter that need
ed it,"' and it is protesting now
against the political re-shuffle which
gives office to feeble politicians like
Mr. Chamberlain, who is publicly sad
dled with responsibility for the Meso
The North Cliffe Press, it adds,
"with every relative of the boys whose
names are published in the casualty
lists had expected better things from
Mr. Lloyd-George than indulgence in
the old game of political Juggling in
such a tremendous hour."
Colored Woman Dead.
Caroline Arthur, widow of Elvin Ar
tis, a respectable colored woman, died
yesterday morning at her residence,
801 North Seventh street, following
an illness of several months. Funeral
services will be held from the Chest
nut Street Presbyterian church , of
which the deceased was a member,
and interment will be made in Pine
Forest cemetery. The deceased was
known to many white persons, and
was highly respected by all.
Work Completed at Winter Park.
Masonboro Comes Next.
tr. Arnold Stovall, county physi
cian, has completed vaccination of all
residents of the Winter Park commu
nity and expects to complete similar
work at Masonboro by Monday. Mon
day afternoon the employes of - the
Bellwill Cotton Mill will be vaccinat
ed. Between 300 and 400 county
school children have been treated
since the anti-typhoid campaign was
gotten underway and Mr. Stovall ex
pects to have all persons in the
county immune from typhoid in a few
R. C. Lawrence, Esq., of Lumb'erton,
is spending the day in the city on
ENEMY CRAFT FIRE
ON ALLIED CAMPS
Amsterdam, April 19. German tor
pedo craft bombarded the coast be
tween Dunkirk and Nieupprt, behind
the Allied lines In Flanders, yester
day morning, says - an official state
ment from Berlin today. The text
reads: "V ' ,
; "Our torpedo boats on Thursday
morning fired 600 shells on enemy
camps and storage places between
Dunkirk and Nieuport." '
: Jju 4 5i Into Lake Last
V ...... i ;ial to The. Dispatch.) "
;Richi Jv Va., April l9;,HBelidved
to have 'been mentally -deranged as
a result of . a nervous affection '- lor
which she had been under treatment
for several months,;: Miss Annie Stan
cilL . school teacher, . 49 years ; old;
from Selma,..N. C.,-a-patient at West
brook . sanatorium,: committed .', suicide
last evening by - jumping into the
lake at Bryan Park,
No-teport or the tragedy was made
to the1 Authorities tll- today. To
gether with i "her iiurse and several
other patients, Miss :; Stancil was l out
m 4t Btrpll ' In; the park after suppter
arid . while .walking along a road: bor
dering on the -lake she leaped head
long into the.jrater ..and quickly dis
appeared beneath' the surface. Two
hours later fier body was recovered
beiowthe dam; having washed over
it. . ' '
Miss .Stanclll suffered a nervous
breakdown: last fall jwhile teaching at
Enfield, N. C, and was brought here
for treatment soon after Christmas,
according to-the sanatorium officials.
She had given no' Intimation that she
even contemplated suicide.
A brother of hers arrived from
North Carolina this morning to claim
tne Doav, ana it was understood -tnat
It woujd be shipped home this af ter-
the body, and it was understood Ithat
noon. The water m wnich Miss Stan-
cn met her death was 10 feet in
Witn thb CieUt;ii Army in France,
ministered va sharpr set-back today to
the German forces which since the
great - push have . been hammering
away relentlessly In an attempt to
get astride the railroad connecting
Amiens with Clermont! The attack
was 'carried out brilliantly It began
at dawn along- a front extending about
five miles between Thejes and Mailly-
Raineval . The result was in addition
to the capture of several hundred
Germans, the seizure of a number of
important points - which the enemy
had occupied, whence , he probably in
tended to make another forward
bound t . .- . ' - . u. w
This 'round has been m -the scene
of nearly a dozen; fierce encountera
since April i nfecuiau :u3
thrown: at . least 15vdivisions Into the
fray at different periods in an obsti
nate effort to reach their objective.
. Thomas pleased.
Chicago, April 19. The charge of
disorderly, conduct against Prof. Wil
liam Isaaac Thomas, and Mrs. R, M.
Granger was dismissed by Judge Gra
ham, in the Morals Court today.
Washington April 19- Col. Frank
T. Hlnes, of , the general staff, Na
tional Army, was nominated today by
President Wilson to be a brigadier
Earthquakes at Martinique.
Fort de France, .Martinique, Thurs
day, April 18. Slight earth shocks
have been felt here -for five days. The
tremors began soon after noon Sun
day and continued until 2 o'clock this
PROFESSOR WILLIAM I. THOMAS
ARRESTED. This photo shows Pr6f.
William Isaac Thomas being arrested
in Chicago. He is being held . ac;
cording' to reports of a formal charge
of disorderly conduct growing out of
his alleged relations with Mrs. R. M.
tiranger'-. r?t v-t-? "
Copyright, "Underwood & Underwood.
v . . v
THAT ADVANCE IS OVER
Reports From Battle Front In
dicate a Halt of the
Ottawa, Ont., April 19. The British
battle line is more secure than it has
been for days, justifying the belief
that the enemy may be held in their
present positions, says a Reuter dis
patch received from London today-.
The change of front of the German
attack to the region between Given
chy and east of Robecq found no weak
spot in the British resistance at the
close of yesterday's fighting, the dis
patch says. There was only one point
i the new battle area where the en
emy gained anything, this being op
posite the Hill of Hinges where he
succeeded In bridging LaBassee ca
nal, but the only Germans who cross
ed came as prisoners.
. "This new German attack In the
direction of Bethune," the dispatch
continues, "Is obviously intended to
protect his flanks if he wishes to
drive farther northward. The en
emy is tryin to secure LaBasse canal
with the object of .safeguarding his
troops around Bailleul and simultan
eously imperilling the British in the
French coal field near Bethune.
"The arrival of the French support
is regarded as most important. The
sight of the long blue lines marching
up the roads heartened the British,
giving them a fresh sense of security
and the news of the French aggres
sive stroke south of Amiens still fur
ther heartened the anxious watchers
at home. The British withdrawal
east of Ypres was due to the German
advance from the south along the Lys
valley thjeatening communications of
the Ypres army. Thus the distance
that this army would have to retreat
if the enemy looked like breaking
through the Cassel-Kemmel line and
heights has been reduced.
"The results of yesterday's fighting
shows the enemy looks less like break
ing through than it did and although
the retirement in the Ypres sector is
regrettable, yet they are no nearer
to securing, possession of th impor
tant heights between them and the
coast.' They failed to get Givenchy
and are still no nearer Hazebrouck,
whose capture is necessary to the
"Before Mount Kemmel, the rugged
wood hill that has already cost the
enemy so dearly, their masses are
advancing openly and, are inowed
down. Tne enemy nere is crying io
break a way beyond Meteren and
west" of Bailleul. Although we aban
doned Meteren and Wytschaete, the
enemy's position is most uncomfori
"The German outposts were unable
to advance beyond the north side of
Meteren. It cannot be said that the
general situation is less anxious, but
ther is undoubtedly increasing con
fidence in the unity of comand. There
is still expectation of renewed thrusts
at Amiens anthe French correspond
ents speak of the enormous enemy
concentrations between Arras and
"Meanwhile the enemy propagan
dists are sending broadcast neutral
reports speaking' of the depression
and weariness of the United Kingdom
and dominions, which are strongly in
variance with the real feeling here.
Germany itself 1s- preaehing the ne
cessity of huge Indemnities from the
Western powers in addition to annex
ations." To Resist Conscription
London, April 18. The . conference
of Irish Nationalist Sinn Feiners,
O'Brienltes and Laborites, held in
Dublin under the chairmanship- of the
Lord Mayor yestrday, unanimously
passsed resolution- declaring their
determination to resist conscription
Thefilbiutlon -as similar to the one
adopted' by the Irish bishops at May
nooth earlier in the day. The confer
ence then ajourned until Friday.
Na Price Fixing.
Washington, April 19. Senator
Smith, of South Carolina, issuing a
statement today denying that the War
Industries Board contemplated any ac
tion looking to the fixing of prices for
The. cotton market is being abso
lutely demoralized by those who take
advantage of certain rumors as to
the price-fixing by the Board of War
Industries and by the introduction in
Congress of certain, bills as to price
fixing, said Senator Smith's state
ment. The War Industries Board has
no. power under law to fix the price
of cotton and I am inofrmed by a
member, of that board that the fixing
of the price of cotton has not been
discussed and no effort in that direc
tion is contemplated.
Washington, April 19. Demonstra
tions of a 16-foot TOodel dirigible of
the Zeppelin type swung on wires a
machine said to be much superior to
the German craft in that it s more
moble and can alght on water were
given today to the Senate Military
Committee by Alfred Herbert, a Mont
clair, N. J., inventor. He said his
dirigible could be built 600 feet in
length, carrying 50 persons, machine
guns and bombs, and attain a speed
of 75 miles an hour.
Development of the dirigibles by the
government was -urged by the inven--'
tor,r who said Germany in time wouM
send JZeppellns to America.
SOUTHERN FARMERS TO
Despite the Labor Shortage,
Acreage in Foodstuffs is
Washington, April " 19. Southern
farmers are planting sufficient food
stuffs to make them independent of
all outside purchases and will devot&
the remainder of their soil to raising
as much cotton as can be made with
the labor available, according to re
ports todays to the Southern Cotton
Despite the shortage of help, caus
ed by the migration of negroes to
Northern States, the report said the
farmers . were increasing their acre
age of foodstugs, especially grains,
and were growing more meat ani
mals. Colonel Harvie Jordan, presi
dent of the association, said Georgia's?
purchase of pork fro mthe West in
1914 was $40,000,000. In 1917 it had
decreased to $14,0d0,000, and Colonel
Jordan predicted that this year it
would raise all the .pork it consum
ed, perhaps contributing a surplus to
the supplies needed for the army and
the Allies. Purchases of other meats
also declined as the home production
Pledges to grow everything their
families and tenants need In the way
of foodstuffs haev been made by hun
dreds of farmers in the South. They
have been encouraged for patriotic
reasons by town and city merchants,
regardless of the loss of trade which
the merchants might suffer.
WITH HEAVY LOSSES
i London, April l-T-Jhe u Jjeraians
were icOmSIetelvfbulsed Hn- the -at
tack "they launched yesterday aroundS
Givenchy on the Southern side of the
Lys battlefront, the war office an
When the assaults . ceased after
heavy losses, the enemy had only
been able to secure a limited footing
at one or two points of the more ad
vanced British defenses.
Six different German divisions, it
has been determined, were engaged
in the unsuccessful attack in the Giv-enchy-St.
The enemy launched further at
tacks last evening south of Kemmel
These?were broken up by the British
artillery and machine gun fire.
LIBERTY SUBSCRIPTIONS i
EXCEED ONE BILLION
Washington, April 19. Subscript
tions to the Liberty Loan were raise-1
to $1,161,510,050 by additional reports
received today at the Treasury.
Famous French City Has Been
MORE THAN 100,000
SHELLS HIT THE CITY
Germans Poured Destructive
Fire Into the Town Causing
Fires Which Destroyed Prac
tically Every Building.
Paris, April 18. Rheims, which has!
been on firfle for a week, is now
nothing but a great pile of smoking
ruins During the past week the Ger
mans have fired more than , 100,000
Bhells into the heart of the city, ac
cording to the correspondent of Le
Matin, and flames from the burning
buildings can be seen by aviators 60
and 70 miles away.
There are no -traces of. streets and
thoroughfares, which have disappear
ed from view under the accumulate
of debris. Ancient buildings in I 3
Place oRyale and the - -music places
and the musician houses which dates
from the sixteenth century, have
been reduced to. dust and ashes.
The vaulting" of the famous Rheims
cathedral, the correspondent says, is
falling, stone by stone, and soon there
will be nothing, left of. the edifrftce
but the West front and the pillars.
Shells are still bursting all around the
building. . .
Notwithstanding the terrible bom
bardment, 40 Pars firemen are still
in the city (working to save the fur
niture and-portable effects of tlie in
Premier Orlando Makes triid
Announcement to Italian v r
ARE ALREADY ON
THE FIGHTING LINE
On the Heels of the Announce
ment by Premier Orlando)
Comes Statement v That Ital
ians Are rtaw at the Front
Rome, Thursday, April 18. Premier
Orlando announced in the Chamber pot
Deputies . today that Italian troops;
would be dispatched to the battle
front in France.
The announcement, which waa
received with a storm of applause,
was as follows:
"Italy, which follows with admira;
tion the heroic efforts of the Anglo
French troops on the Western front,
could not remain absent from the bat
tlefields of France. She wishes .to)
bring to her Allies tangible proof yff
solidarity and verity of Italian rai
ments and the Italian flag will fly;
over the fields of Picardy' beside
those of the French, British. Ameri
can, Belgian and Portuguese thus
sealing the union which exists be
tween the Allied peoples and govern
Form the Right Wing. W
Washington, April-19. Italian regi
ments already are in France and foftnt
the right wing of the Allied armies S
the Italian embassy announced today.
MARINE CORPS .
TO BE INCREASED
Paris, April 19. The French l$sK
night reduced German machine gftir
nests on the front of yesterday's at
tack southeast of Amiens, the war
office ; announces. There was heavy
artillery fighting in this region.
. The. 'statement -'follows: -vr"
There was a rather vloleat bom
- bardment by both of the opposing
armies "along the front from Casfel
to Mailly-Raineval. During tfiil
night the French reduced certain mg
chine gun nests on the front of tlta
attack yesterday. The number ef.
prisoners taken by us. has reached
650, of whom 20 are officers.
"North of Besonvaux ( Verdunv
front), we carried out a- succession,
raid and brought back prisoners. Else
where on the front there was intex
mittent cannonading." : t
Rai?e Cotton In Bulgaria. -tt
Washington, April 19. Germad ,
and her allies are undertaking -JO
overcome their shortage of cotton by
develonine: Droduction in Bulgaria.. Ot-
ficial dispatches today said the Bub-
I trarion rftvarnmonr hnn iinrtprta irpn fa
is e" T-
place large blocks of suitable land
at the disposal of the planters. The
principal cultivation will be don 3 n
the low lands and river border of the,'
Dobrudja, - &s well as in the vicinity
habitants. Some of them have lost
their lives. With the Paris .firemen
are some local firemen, one of whom,'
Sergeant Eloi, has been on duty in
Rheims since, the outbreak of the war
and has been wounded 14 times.
Rheims, before" the war a city - ot
more than 100,000, has slowly been
falling- a. victim to German hate and
spitef ulness in their advance' in 1914
the Germans held Rheims Hot several
days, but the battle of Marne stopped
their advance and they, fell back tc
a line a few miles oNrth and North
east, of the city. Since then the bis
German guns have .been,-bombarded
the city and ..famous cathedral.
The population of trie city until . a
few months ago was less than 18,00)f
but these persons lived in dugouts of
iu cellars and the . city was virtually
Up "to November 1, 1916, the Ge
mans had fired thousands of . shells f
into the city. 1.000 of which h?jf
struck the cathedral. Since " thett,
whenever thet3erman troops met with '
reverses the enemy guns took up tbje
bombardment anew. ; . '-v- j,..
In January, 1917 Emperor - WilliahV
in response to a request from Pofe
Benedict, said he would permitr.repai'a.
to be made to the cathedral In hjs
endeavor "to- preserve from the teR ;
rors of war venerable places ' of r
Iigious worship and monuments of at
which I consider as the common projfc'
erty of humanity." 5T-
The - German tnilitary authoritiS?
have attempted to f excuse the V bona
bardxient of the cathedral 3 on tbjf
ground that 'ti . was being" used fox
military ; purposes by the Frenchu This . ;
claim ha3 been denied - repeatedly bf "
Archbishop Ducon, who,' until, a fe
weeks ago, made , his home, in. ills re??'
idence beside the, ithedraL" uniuini
ful of the German hatred, tr
" v ii
- .-. . i !