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WILSON LIKELY TO
CARR Y FIGHT WITH
Charges Senate With Danger
ous Attempts to 'Usurp"
Authority; ' - ,
First Serious Clash Since He
PATIENCE IS EXHAUSTED
Upper Body of Congress Faces
Two Courses, It Must De
feat Chamberlain Resolution
or Defy Wilson.
(By FRANK P. MORSE.)
Washington, D. C, May 16. Presi
dent Wilson has thrown - down the
gauntlet to congress and challenged
the ambitions of the senate commit
tee on military affairs Back of his
letter transmitted ; yesterday to Sena
tor Martin, in which he" declared that
the passage of the Chamberlain reso
lution calling for an investigation of
the aircraft and other- war iaetivities
would be regarded by him",s a "di
rect vote of -want or confidence in the
administration," there is an unyeiled
threat to go before the country with,
a charge of dangerous attempts' fry
the legislative branch of the govern
ment to usurp authority-constitutionally
guaranteed to the executive
branch. . .
There is a remarkable similarity
between the words written" by the
president of the United States and
the language recently employed by
Lloyd-George, when he informed parr
liainent that the Asquith resolution
would be interpreted . as a vote of a
lack of confidence in the British .gov
ernment's conduct of the -war and
mat,, ii acou, n vuiu x uouik xxjl tuo
immediate retiral of the Uoyd
George cabinet That threat 'resulted'
in the defeat of the Asquith resolu
tion. President Wilson's blunt letter
to Senator Martin will have the same
effect on the Chamberlain resolution."
it may be well to emphasize the
fact that this is the first serious .clash
between the white house, v anfe'con ,
press since Wcwdfow.WilaxiiLVaaA
first elected president ' of-fhe United
States.v Mr. Wilson thoroughly "un
derstands the importance .of .the. step
he took today. It means that his pa
tience is exhausted." He, has watch
ed the steady efforts of the ' senate
military affairs committee o, en
croach uron the domain of the ad
ministration and has given repeated
hints that Senator Chamberlain and!
his associates on the committee were
going too fai By his action today
he puts the issue squarely up to r con
The senate faces just two courses
of procedure. It must reject the
Chamberlain - resolution or " defy the
president. In the latter event, which
is practically out of the question,
there is no doubt that Mr. Wilson
would take the matter at once to the
people of the United States. He
would review the events that have
led up to the impasse between the
constitutional rights- of the adminis
tration and arraign the' resolution" as
an absolute defiance of. those .rights.
Reduced to simple language, the
presidnpfs letter to Senator Martin
calls on congress to state unmistaka
bly whether or not the 'legislative
branch of the government stands be
hind the president of' the United
States and the present conduct . of ..the
ar. Inferentially, the passage of the
resolution would be accepted by Mr.
Wilson as an expression of congres
sional belief that the . American" peo
ple are not behind the president. On
that issue, he would talie the ques
tion before the country.
Today's dramatic action will be bet?
tw understood when it is known that
President Wilson keenly ' resents the
studied nagging of the administration
by republican senators and represen
tatives and the few democrats in the
QPPer and lower house who have
81"ed with them. At least a certain
Percentage of the attacks on eGorge
Creel, chairman of the committee on
Public information, is interpreted as
attempts to hit at the president 'over
President Wilson also resents the
petty methods that have been util
?. by senat who, obviously, have
jwaed to irritate the Washington
government. Government officials,
Particularly the officers of the ship
ping board, have been called from
e.ir Wor" again and again to answer
uyoriant questions formulated
The frea-uency of these calls
gj the excuses advanced 'for them
to n interPreted by the admln
ration as systematic persecution of
bv , .mmtal departments actuated
gnified motives and without
losi .nt consideration for the costly
10s' valuable time.
foil!?5 8 no doubt here In well in
ioS J cIrcles that President Wil-
action will result In the
r,iate deft of the Chamberlain
n. The senate Is not likely
ti , course tnat will be accept
ed ?le is the president
oa which the -people
Wilson Says Resolution
Would Mean "Drag Net"
MAY DEFEAT MEASURE
TKompson May, Offer Substi-
' tute to Limit Probe of
FIGHT WAXES WARM
President Feels Revised Act is
Too Broadly Drawn and
' i Will Authorize General
Inquiry Into Conduct
Washington, May 16. President
Wilson today renewed His fight
against adoption by the senate of
Senator Chamberlain's resolution for
a, war inquiry by the. senate military
committee. He advised Senator
Thompson, Qf Kansas, that the reso
lution ' as amended yesterday' . by - the
senate "expenditures' committee still
Considering all the circumstances;
President V Wilson ; told ; Senator
Thompson, "chairman of the expendi
tures committee, the Chamberlain
resolution, even as. modified, would,
In effect, authorize a "drag net" in
vestigation by the military commit
tee. . .. ' .
The president informed Senator
Martin, of Virginia, democratic lead
er, yesterday, that the Chamberlain
resolution, calling for. an investiga
tion of aircraft production and other
war activities, constituted a vote of
lack of confidence in the administra
tion? and? the -ex
amended it to
deteat-Jthe r resSiiftniev en aa re
vised., said Senator Thompson, after
a conference at theiwhite-house. ."The
president "authorized 'toe tosaythat
he ' is 'just as muh - opposed to the
amended' resolution as he was to the
original." ' r. i
Senator Thompson said he might
offer a substitute, proposing to limit
the military committee's nquiry.to the
aircraft situation alone. The; presi
dent, he said, feels that the revised
resolution- is too broadly drawn and
still is subject to the construction
that will authorize the general In
quiry by the military committee into
the conduct of the war. .
- Senator Thompson also said it was
believed the military committee now
has sufficient authority to proceed
within its proper boundaries of in
quiry, possibly with the exception of
providing additional funds for ex
penses. .The original Chamberlain resolu
tion authorized an inquiry into air
craft, ordnance and quartermaster af
fairs and into the "conduct of the
war -by or- through the war depart
ment." This phrase was deleted and
an express-proviso was added prohib
iting the military committee from in
terfering with the president's directon
of the war.
PREACHED BY WELLS
Main Interest in Presbyterian
Assembly Centers in
r New Moderator.
Durant, Okla., May 16.-The 58th
session of the general assembly of
the Presbyte'rian church, . south, the
first ever held in Oklahoma, convened
here this" morning with delegates
from approximately 1 25 southern and
central states attending.
The Rev. John M . Wellsr the re
tiring moderator, preached the open
ing sermon of the session. Principal
interest in today's ( session Reenters
about the election of a new modera
tor, which takes place this afternoon.
Deny Change In Command. v
London, May 16. Reports that
were in circulation that a change was
imminent In the higher' command of
the Britis harmy ' In France were de
nied in the house of commons - by
Chancellor BonarLaw( spokesman
for the war cabinet -v- . ;j
Replying to a question, . Mr. Bonar?
Law said no change in the higher
command had taken place, nor was
any in contemplation. , ' .
United States would be asked, per
sonally, by Mr. Wilson to express an
pinion. , Senate leaders v practically
admitted last night that the resolu
peiifiUttnittea I Mil I A T HAM ft
tion is doomed;
. zsmm$!&m. .... hoptimism. ' ; '
I J i i JJv r , : . I
in. rsag :
All . Troops. Put Under U. S.
Command Where the Sam- !
' ; - mies Predominate.
. .. - f
Washington, May 16.-r-Divisions on
the western front where American
units are brigaded with the British
and French, it. became, known today,
will "fight- under --American comman
ders whenever 'American troops pre
dominate. " The plan, which pieans that Gen
eral Pershing 1 soon . may be placed in
command of British and French units,
as well. as his own Americans, is re
garded here" as especially desirable,
and is expected. - to-rapidly' increase
the size df the American ofrces on
the fighting line and contribute ef
fectiyely to the spirit" of unity.
In addition to this, as illustrative
of the unity of command under which
General Foch directs the American
and allied armies, it was stated offi
cially that Foch commands .Italian
troops in Italy as' fully as he does
American, French and British troops
in France and Belgium.
TRUST THE PRESIDENT
Stands by Wilson to Secure
Democratic Peace for
London, May.. 16, British labor
will trust President Wilson to secure
a democratic peace and will aid
American labor in backing him, up,,
declared Arthur Henderson, leader of
the labor party, at a meeting of the
Manchester-Salford trade . counsil
last ' night. Three members of the
American labor - delegation accompa
nied Mr. Henderson to tho me sting.:
"If there is anybody," Mr. Hender
son said, "in whose hands we would
trust our destinies when a proper
peace is to be secured it is in those
of the president of the United States;
When the time comes, X believe there
will be no stronger force behind Pre s-i
ident Wilson than American labor,
seconded- by ; British - labor,- determin
ed to keep representatives at the ta
ble until we have secureed a clear,
honorable and democratic peace
based on the will of the people."
Ernest G. Baldwin Elected.
Wichita Falls, Texas, May 16.
Ernest G . Baldwin, Roanoke, Va.;
was elected honorary . commanderTin
chief . for life oft" he Sons 'of Confed
erate Veterans at ; a , session o the
executive council today: Baldwin has
been called or foreign service; and
th a ft . was created - for him. . - -,.
amo n cnrMOii iimitp nncT ami
- II I I I I I HI " I " I III 1 ' I i ii... I I I I .
TO ME ! "
THER INVESTIGA TJON IN SIGHT.
U. S. Aviators Brought Down
Three Hun Machines in
With the Americans in France,
Wednesday, May If?. Tlhe ; first
American official communique issued
since the American troops entered
the fighting line on a permanent, ba
sis was Issued tonight, 'zlt reports in
creased artillery activity northwest
of Toul and in Lorraine, as well as
the destruction of three German ma
chines by two American aviators.
The statement reads:
"6 p. m.: Headquarters American
Expeditionary Forces: Northwest of
Toul and in Lorraine there was a
marked increase In artillery activity
on both sides.
"Today our aviators brought down
three German machines. There is
nothing else of importance to report."
An earlier dispatch Wednesday
from the American front In . France
said that Captain Kenneth Marr, of
California, had brought down an en
emy biplane and that Captain David
Peterson, of Honesdale, Pa., " had
brought down two German mQ3:
planes in the Toul sector.
PLANNING TO CARE FOR
FIVE MILLION TROOPS
Work of Sammies on Western
Front Is Amazing, Sas
London, May 16. American prepa
rations on the western front are amaz
ing in their intensity and plans are
b-ing made to care for five million
American troops, Harry E. V. B de
tain, secretary f the English branch
of the Pilgrims' club, told the Royal
Colonial Institute last night. If the
Germans do not give in, he added, the
number of American troops will be
increased to any amount necessary.
Sir Charles P. Lucas, former head
of the dominions department at the
colonial office, said he wondered if
the Germans realized what the entry
of " America Into the war meant.' It
ir cant, he said, not only the accession
to the allied powers of many in. 1
lions of fighting men and the . addi
tion of, vast , resources, but also the
coming in of the only one amongst
the great peoples of the world who
have seen and carried through to an
unmistakable issue a four-year war... ,
Tbe United States, asserted M'.ss
ttigSins, of the A nserican labor - dele
gation, had answered the call of blood
England had been a wonderful inspi
ration, and the heart of America .was
full of gratitude for what England's
sonshadr achieved: -
WELL. WHICHEVER IT 15.
IT LOOKS TaMp ASTOUCH
v.V - m I .-..- S7! '
91 Names are Reported by
American Army in Dead
Washington,' May 16. The casualty
list today contained 91 names, divid
ed as follows:
Killed in action . .
Died of wounds . .
Died of accident ...
Died of disease .. ..
Died of other causes
Wounded slightly 55
Missing in action . . 1 . 14
Officers named include: Lieuten
ant Carl O. Rosequist, Evanston, 111.,
died of wounds; Captain Earl V. Mor
row, Portland, Ore.; Lieutenants Les
ter S. MacGregor, Findlay, Ohio; Win
frey G. Nathan, Kansas City, Mo.,
wounded slightly, and Lieutenants
Charles W. Chapman, Waterloo, la.,
and Robert Baker McDowell, Jersey
City, N. J., missing in action
Killed in action : Corporal John A.
Johnston, R. F. D. No. 1, Box 63,
" Died of wounds:, Private Clyde W,
Boiling, Winston-Salem, N. C.
Wounded severely: Privates Baxter
Hayes, 36 Harris street, Anderson,
S. C; Earl Matthews, Tulsa, Okla.
Wounded slightly: Sergeants Leon
ard Eddings, 201 Grand Central ave
nue, Tampa, Fla.; Claude N. Logan,
Moorersville, N. C. ; Privates Manning
G. McCraw, R. F. D. No. 1, Flat
Rock, N. C: Walter D. Trussell,
Hones Path, S. C; Robert Weakley,
1784 Jackson avenue, Memphis, Tenn.;
Porter A. Stevens, Cook Place, Tenn,
FUNERAL OF BENNETT
IN AMERICAN CHURCH
Nice, France, May 15. The1 body
of James Gxcion Bennett, proprietor
of The New York Herald, will be tak
en from Beaulieu to Paris next Sun
day or Monday. Funeral services
will be held in the American Church
of the Trinity, in the Avenue Alma,
and interment will be in Passy ceme
tery. Mrs. Bennett has received a tele
gram ' from Foreign Minister Pichon
conveying condolences from the
French government on the death of
her - husband. ,
' Russia Gave Notice.
Washington, May 16. A copy of
the protest madex by the soviet gov
ernment to the German ministry of
foreign affairs on April 28, against
German oppressions, made public to
day by the state department, shows
that the Russians gave notice of their
intention to mobilize "all necessary
forces in order to secure the freedom
and 'independence of the Russian re
public which is now menaced beyond'
the limits established by the Brest
OFFICIAL REPORTS ,
London, May 16. Xtfe artillery
was active last night to: the val- -'
leys of the Somme and ' Ancre'i
livers, east of Arras atid'on the ,
Flanders battlefields, the war "of-
flee reports. ' . f.-
The statement follows : - V
"Our, troops raided the enemy's -j-trenches
last ; night in the Heigh
borhood of Gavrelle (northeast ,
of 'Arras), and captured r a few
rBeyond artillery . activity on ;
both sides at iiff erent points, par-
tlcularly in the- Valleysof the
Somme and Ancre ' rivers, east o
Arras, and : on the northern bafc
tlefront. There Is nothing fur
ther to report" '
Paris, May- IS. Artillery ac
tions occurred last night on the
French front southeast of Amiens,
in the'Hailles-Castal sector, says
today's war office announcement
West of Montdidier a Cerman raid--
ing detachment was driven off.
The French took prisoners in pa
trol operations north pf the All
ette. ' '
The statemept reads:
"An artillery duel took place
in the Hailles-Castel sector. A
German raid west of Montdidier
was repused by the French fire.
"French patrols operating north
of. the Ailette brought back pris
"The night was quiet on the
. remainder of the. front."
Action First in History of
Southern Baptist Convention
Many States at Once Placed
Women Among Its Regular
WORK AMONG CAMPS
Committee Named to Investi
gate Matter of "Giving Pen- .
Hot Springs, Ark.,' May 16. For tie
first time in the history of , the church
women of the denomination are par
ticipating in the deliberations of the
Southern Baptist convention. Action!
of the convention yesterday In giving
the women all church rights that are
accorded men, was considered to be
a "forthwith" action, and some states
immediately accredited their women
representatives. According to the of
ficial records of the convention Mrs.
A. H. BedOe, of Dallas, Texas, was
the first woman to receive her cre
dentials and appointment
: More than 1,700 delegates are at
tending tlie convention, which opened
yesterday, and almost equal number
of women are attending the sessions
of the womn's missionary union.
Informal conferences were held
this morning, at which the degree of
insistence, the wording of a proposed
resolution describing the rule against
denominational . work in military
camps should con tan, was discussed.
Resolutions in connection with the
work of the church among the sol
diers were expected to be presented
during the day.
Other important matters before the
convention today included a discus
sion of the home mlssiqn board's
work during the last year, together
with the Initial report of the -: com
missio non ministerial pensions A
committee was appointed to investi
gate the advisability of establishing
permanent pensions for widows and
orphans of ministers and to secure
annuities to aged and dependent min
isters. HAVE MILLION AND HALF
TROOPS THERE IN YEAR
Paris, . May 16. The United States
has promised to have 1,500,000 v fight
ing men In France by the end of
1918, says L'Homme Libre, Premier
Clemenceau's newspaper. These
troops, it adds, must have7 their own
organization and services, which will
Mean at least 2,000,000 ' specialists,
werkers, men In the quartermaster's
department and, others.
Dishes New And Delicious
irs an in wma tnat blows nobody good, war economy u uiuusw.
us some new things to eat that taste mighty fine, besides -saving
money and helping the cause. :: :" ;.
The Dispatch will send you free one copy of the new "War Cook;
Book," that tells you how to. make some of these new dishes. The
War Cook Book" has just been compiled, especially for this .purpose.
You can depend on it. It is issued by the United States Food Admin
istration. ' . r 1
Do you know how to make baked honey custard?, peanut soup, Ivory
jelly, date pudding, "fifty-fifty" biscuits? , "
These are a few of the things "The War Cook Book tells. Get
your free copy today.,. Send your name and address witn a two-cent
stamp for return 'postage to The Wilmintfon Dispatch inrormatlon
RuroftiT VrmAmrin J- TT-Lxkln -TMree tnr. Washtnetort. D. C. ' .'!
FIGHTING IN WEST :
; ..... . -- .,
fire of ArtillryjStill Strong.in
iy:- Flanders and 'Picardy. '
HUN ATTEMPT FAILED
French Drive Them . Frora
High Ground and Penetrate :
ATTACKS NOT RENEWED
Pershing Has Issued His First
. Official Statement on Ope f
rations Since His Troops "
Took Over Sector,
Fighting has died down, again iz
Flanders and Picardy and only th,
guns are busy. The artillery fire
continues strong -ail along thge
fronts, as well as on the Arras and is
most violent north of KemmeKahd
north ' and south of. the Somme from
Albert to the Avre. -w " .. : . .-
These sectors have been Jthe scene
of all. the eeent fighting" and - they -probably-
will jrae : the 'strongest ene
'jl. L Z -Z.-- i n . . V
my euoria whenever xne uennans Be
lieve the time is opportune to st
anew. . .
In Flanders the Germans have been
disappointed in their attempts!' to -gain
Hill 44, as the French not only
drove them from the high ground !
but also penetrated the enemy posit!
uons. . . 4
In' Picardy the ' Germans have not '
renewed their counter stacks to drive
the French, from the wooded terrain;
captured near Hailles. German ;and'
French artillery fire continues vhea'vy
north of the Avre, The endnjyJwMn-'
bardment of the French lines.; here'
has been most intense for. the past;,
two weeks, but the Germans have at-j
tempted no attacks except ,t6 . react '
against successful French gainst
General Pershing has issued his
first official statement on, Americaa
operations since his troops took over '
sectors permanently simultaneously f
with announcement i f romt : Washing
ton that where . Americatt British and
French troops are fightmg.togethef
and the Americans are fin iJia jairf t .;ei-
y tne coniroi- wums ;
hftw b&rra&re -n tne. American: :xine .
firtWTrwflxt. nf rTui ; veanesnav. dux jio
iniantryv auacK rqs. reu- " . rA-r,"
In aenai ngnting m uus secror iwi
American aviators have accountea " -
for three German machines, increas-
ea artiuery acu viiy is uwmju vu. w
T 1 A A. ... . '
. As on the western .front, the, lull in
with expectation that, as in Ftance.
floTi1nflp will hrofl lr ffllf ftiOTl i
aided Austrian blow will be against
UW j o i " . ' ,
pass to Monte Grappa, just east of ' '.,
fiie Brenta-in the hope of breaking,
through--the Italian - defense- and
reaching .Brescia and Milan. Rome re-'
nA-rf s htit- BTtfflftTV and rtaxrol en
gagements along' the mountain front
and the dispersal of enemy troops at
i w f i in ii ii Ln xj v l uuiau uaireucsi
An attempt by enemy aircraft to
raid Paris Wednesday night "was ."
however,- dropped a number of bombs
a .... . . m A. j v.- ' -'i
tho mnw rtisTn.nr snniirDS or ins -- -
French capital. .Aerial . activity on
the battle lines' continued at high,-, v
nith with French and British airy
men dropping many bombs onrail- -.1
4.n linn m nrA rtT1OTlft'AtlnT( fPTI- .. .
TT Of J Dt.Vvw "
ters behind the German lines'- ; v
fiormnTiva amDitmns as - resarus ,. .
Antnn-HiiTi ?arv r mace ill ute iv -. v. -r
teleurpe plan, German newspapers ' s
indicate, were realized in we con- -
vention agreea upon Dy me iwo win- .
. XI ... v" ..."
oerors at meir meeung. . - -
lilt) ngiccuicui., nu"u uwv ;
signed, calls for an alliance for Z5 . -
years witu uiuoci ctuuvw; v5mw
and more severe military oDiigauons. s
prehension on the ' probability that V
i . a x Tf ... km w . . null H1V 1
ine AUSiro-nuuBdi jbu aiiuj "
Prussianized and believes such a step
irinr imnortant than any otner iea-
ture of tne new amance.
Concentrate oorman riseu i .-5-
London, May 16. The entire Ger- -
ttisiti ry ii if nri. r:A.k.cui. w .m -
3 X s.w-v' m TAW 1 1 "HT -
cruisers, was recalled last week to f
n. i a nevel ria
rx i w iici n jl-L-u w. . -
nqw are being conceniraien, says - a " ;
Hambnrz. received ia i
kl''- ..-. - ' - . 4
spondentbf the Daily Express.
. 1 .:.