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vol. xxiv. NO. 128:,;;,
WILMINGTON, NORTH GMlOl!lHAr mpAY EVENINGMAY 1 7; 1918.
V. v : .. : ' : . -
Takesj Over Zone of. British
I foes in Northern France
Alliedfand Uerman Uunners
V Harass Lines With Steady
itf Shell Fire.
AIRMEN ARE BUSY-.
ow Believed Hun Prepara
tions For Another Offensive
are About Complete Itak
ians Give Austrians No Rest
With the American Army In
France, May 17. Troops of the new
American army have arrived within
the zone of the British forces' in
northern France and are ndw com
pleting their training in the area, oc
cupied by the troops which are block-,
ing the paths of the Germans to the
Their commander already has com
manded American: forces in .trenches
on the French front '
The British officers and men ' who
are training the new force say .the
Americans are of the finest material
and are certain to give a most excel
lent account of themselves when they
meet the Germans. .
British troops greeted; the Ameri
cans, not only as comrades in arms,
but as warm friends, and the. work
of instruction is being .continued in
that spirit. , . t.-.
The Amercan forces, on arrtrijij ill
the British zone were cheered; to the
skies by the sons of Britain- many
of whom bore unmistakable signs I of
battle. They had not seeii the Amer
icans before, but they : knew ; they
were coming. ; v?
The Americans, on the ' other hand,
gained all the more enthusiasm hv-th
heartiness of the greeting Which.- they
u irom ineirvpatue-scarred
comrades in arms. - A'-.ff-iL,--' i
. Paris, May 17 Anaoujffi3safipii waa
iiauc iicre toaay mat Amgwt5tt
troops hate ajTived;in-fl6iteern
France,, in the zone occupied by the
British forces. i 1 "
The announcement -concludes with
the statement that the relations-between
the British -a&d American! ''of
ficers and soldiers are extremely cor
dial Germany still hesitates ta ranAw
heavy fighting on the main battle-
nems of the western front, but the
increase in aerial and artillery activ
ity indicates that infantry fighting
wa a larger scale than In the past tw
eeks soon again may be in progress.
Allied and Gftrm ATI rnnnert it
Arrassing the opposing lines with
well fire and this fighting continues
most marked on the front north of
tteLys in Flanders and south of the
Somme in Picardy. It has been the
wrman policy to precede a strong
infantry oneration with a fitv hnnra
of the most intense artillery , fire.' but
we enemy bombardments have not
reached the highest pitch, though
is believed th
w w m mail y yjm i y
wr another offensive move are about
complete. ' '
aen have been meeting with little
"wwnuon in dropping bombs on rail-
iUda Stations. troon AnramnmAntR
ad other military targets behind the
ennan lines. Now the enemy has
necome most active and has .attempt
ed bombing raids behind the lines as
Jl as trying to prevent the allied
ambers from carrying on their, work,
"tty-six German machines are re
WWed accounted for by London and
t'aris. Of these, 43 machines were
destroyed by allied aviators. Berlin,
on the other hand, claims the de
truction of 33 allied airplanes.
After a battle with German air
J'anes, British airmen on Thursday
popped bombs on Saar Bracken,-Ger-an
Lorraine, causing at least one
explosion. Five German airplanes
ere destroyed while the British lost
wiy one of their number, in a sub
equent battle. "
There was no infantry acUvity ex'
JJPt patrols on all tne long fronts
rom the North Sea to Switzerland,
deluding the American sectors.
Alnencan artillprvmpn in "Wc.rdv
again have caused fires in Montdi-
Between Lake Garda and the
th a' the Italiaji troops are giving
je Austrians little rest. The suc
p 8 in gaining the summit of Monte
W ' 80uth of Asiago, has been fol
ed by an operation agains Monte
Asoione, just east of the Brenta. At
Jo Places the Austrian trenches
nn;e, ?ntered- the part of the garrison
killed or captured fleeing.
mir . ?na says the Jtalian activities
ll t0 JIonte pernica, east of Aso-ne-
Both these heights are out
ers of the formidable Monte Grap-
r.ail0g thtJ front from the Stelvio
hll v Lake Gardo, enemy patrols
we been repulsed by the Italians.
on Tven Lake Garda aTld tne Brenta,
BrL v Asia Plateau, the artillery
are has increased. -' -v w" -
FEW ARE PRESENT
All Speeches at Conference
' Limited to Five Minutes
PENSION , PREACHERS
Widows be Paid on Basis of
Years She Was Minister's
Non-Concurrence Has . Been
Recommended in Petition to
Change Law in Discipline
v Atlanta, May 17. With its most im
portant work out of the way, a dwin
dling -of .interest was noticeable at
today's session of the general confer
ence, of the Methodist Episcopal
church, south. Only a few delegates
were in their places when Bishop W.
B.rMurrah rapped for order. . After
the devotional , service led; by , the
Rev. G, H. Thompson, presiding elder
of the Meridian, Miss., district. Bishop
Murrah surrendered the chair to
Bishop W. R. Lambuth, :ot California.
: - A telegram of greeting was , read
from the. Southern Baptist convention
now meeting at Hot Springs, Ark.
m order to facilitate business all
speeches were limited to five min
utes, except those of chairmen of
committees who . , were allowed 10
mmutes. v:;;j : J:-i
The,' report , of the special 4 commit
tee on superanniiatl.fUQd was presenlr
ed v-It recommends the elecUoa of a
seerf tary-iWhoshalt hm jB4setd b?
loti a-ther connectional ? officers; his
title, to, eretary of the board of
finance. The report :.p that
funds available for appropriation . be
distribtlted to the . superannuated
preachers on : a basis of years of ser
vice. A widow of a deceased preacher
shall b e paid on .the basis of the num
ber of years that she has been the
wife of an effective traveling preach
er, the amount to be two-thirds of
that paid -, to the ' superannuated
preachers. ' ' ' '
The committee on revisals did not
concur In a memorial : from the Vir
ginia conference : whleh proposed a
plan of dealing with church members
who complain of a preacher for the
purpose of preventing his return - ant-
other year to the charge wnien ne
Non-concurrence was also recom
mended in the petition to change the
law in the discipline, so that a deacon
may be allowed to administer the sac
rament in the absence or an eider.
IN UKRAINE UNCHECKED
Londpn, May " 17.--Anti-German agi'
taUnn in the1 Ukraine continues un
checked says a Vienna dispatch to the
Lokal Anzeiger of Berlin and trans
mitted from The Hague by the Ex
change Telegraph company. TJkranians
attack Germany bitterly ana accuse
her of using the Russian warships at
Sebaetopol for the purpose of seising
coal and Ukrainian merchant men. It
is reported that the Germans have
mined the strait ofYenkale, closing
the passage into the Sea of Azov.
Serious trouble, it is added, has oc
cnrred at Nikolaiev, where the Ger
mans have dismissed the city council
IN GERMANY LIKELY
London, May 17. The German com
mission appointed to examine the de
cline in the birth rate in Germany
has reoorted a recommendation for
the compulsory marrage of Germans
before their twentieth year is passed,
according to a dispatch to the Daily
EiDerss from Amsterdam.
Financial assistance would be
eraritftd bv the state, according to
this clan, which provides" penalties
fnr thosA failinor. to comply. Pro
vision also is made, for the punsh
ment of married couples who remain
childless. " '
Bidding for,. Next Assembly.
Dallas. Texas, May 17. Rivalry al
ready' is, developing as to which state
shall obtain the next general assem
bly of the Cumberland Presbyterian
church, which yesterday opened its
Rth ann uaf "assembly here. Commis
sioners from -Tennessee held a met
ing last night with the purpose of con
rent.ratinr their strengthupon either
Lebanon,: Knoxville ' or Chattanooga,
I 1hE WAISTS TO BE CMaCiilSO "BUDDIEW li
l1 i jp
Was In Stutz Home.; Where
Richmond, Ya:, May 17. After four
venires had been summoned many of
the men had formed an opinion in
regard to the case or are opposed to
capital punishment, the nry , to hear
the trial of Dr. Lemuel J. Johnson,
the young dentist of Middlesex, N. C,
charged with murdering his bride,
Mrs. Alice Knight Johnson, was com
pleted in the Hustings court this
morning and the examination of wit
nesses started shortly before noon.
As soon as the ury was completed
Johnson was ordered to stand up in
order that the indictment against him
might be read. The defendant was
slightly nervous, biting his lips and
staring toward the men who are to
pass upon his fate. He seemed in a
more serious frame of mind than on
previous days while the ury was. being
Miss Mildred Taylor, chum of the
dead girl, was the first witness. She
told of being, oh the night. of Decem
ber 16, last, in the home of Mrs. B.
F. Stutz, where Mrs. Johnson took
a fatal dose of poison, it was wnile
telling of her regard for the dentist's
bride and their friendship, which was
formed , in the medical college of
Virginia, where both girls- were em
ployed, ?iat Miss Taylor hid her faee
in her hands and wept. Judge Rich
ardson . had cautioned . the counsel
against any unnecessary severe ques
Miss Taylor was allowed five min
utes in which to -resume her testi
mony. She told now sne nerself bad
taken some -medicine on the night of
the tragedy and how Mrs. Johnson
had later removed a capsule from a
package.- Mrs. oJhnson had told the
witness that the drug was very. costly. 1
When Miss Taylor remarked about
the capsule's unusually large size she
said Mrs'. Johnson told her that she
had taken one just like it five nights
before and she had been told to take
one every five nights.
Mrs. Johnson confided in her friend
that the capsure would "knock. L out
of me." What was meant by "L" was
Oil the night she died Mrs. oJhnson
was in Miss Taylor' sv room. She swal
lowed the capsule and immediately be
came unconscious. Fifty" minutes la
ter she died..
Judges Richardson ruled this testi
mony was adnissible, as the common
wealth contended: the case hinged : on
this point: " " '
The prosecution's witnesses includ
ed A. Cloyd-Gill.' a Washington news
paper man. Gill was excluded from
the court room until he is called to
testify as to certain statements he
quoted Dr. oJhnson as having made.
Concentrate German Fleet.
London, May 16. The entire Ger-'
man Baltic, fleet except a few light
cruisers,' was recalled last week to
Kiel where important naval forces
now are being concentrated, says a
dispatch from Hamburg, received jhi
Geneva and transmitted by the corre-
il MISSIONS IS
CENTER OF INTEREST
1 ..... r
Russia,: As it Affects Church,
Hot Springs, Ark., May 17. Dis
cussion of the work done within the
last year by its foreign missfon board
held the attention of the 63rd session
of the Southern Baptist convention
today. Among the speakers were
missionaries from several foreign
nations. Virtually all of them had
favorable reports to make on exten
sion "of church work, despits of war
The Russian situation as it affects
church work was one of the principal
points of interest and members of the
convention already have indicated
their ardent desire to reenter the
church field in Russia. It was told
that Germans now are In possession
of much- church property abroad, par
ticularly In Russia and Italy, though
the actual loss to the churches could
not be estimated, either in terms of
dollars or progress.
The foreign mission board has re
ported its most successful year in
finance, and the delegates have
evinced great desire to increase the
goal for the coming year. There was
some discussion, yet undecided, as to
whether the work among the Ameri
can soldiers on foreign soil was to
be under the supervision of the for
eign missions board or the hottie mis
sions, but it was made cler that, in
either event, the southern Baptists
were determined to push that work
to the utmost.
The work of he Southern Baptist
Theological seminary at Louisville
was reviewed and the growth of the
institution as . reported to the con
vention, was the subject of much fa
PORTO RICO LABOR
TO BE TRANSPORTED.
Washington, May 17. Porto Rican
labor is to be transported to the
United States within a month for
farms In the southern states, in ship
yards and other war industries along
the Atlantic coast Arrangements
have been made by the . Federal Em
ployment Service with the war de
partment to utilize returning :trans
ports which will carry supplies to the
15,000 drafted Porto Ricans at the
army cantonment at San Juan. ' '
Recruiting of Porto Rlcan labor has
been Koine on for several months,
and 75,000 are now available. Em
ployment for 10,000 has been ar
ranged and more can be used as fast
as they can be transported.
- f - ;
Effeminizatien of Army.
Rem a. Switz.. May 17. Austrian
newspapers are exhibiting concern at
what they call tne enemnnzauon oi
the army. It apepars that 36,000
women and girls are now employed
in the auxiliary services at clerks,
servants, etc.; and i that others are
beine enlisted at the rate of, 150,000
a month. They are being enrolled at
Vienna arid sent into the' field. " ' .?
USED ON AMERICANS
Germans Seem Unable ltQ
ies On Na
ivian s Lanu
With the American Army In
France, Mayfl7. The Germans op
posite the American Sector northwest
of Toul are resorting to infernal ma
chines in an effort to check the ac
tivity of American patrols, numbers
f which go 'ery night to roam No
Man's Land and even German land
virtually at will.
A member of an American patrol
stepped on a harmless-looking wire
near the German lines yesterday and
a bomb immediately exploded in. the
center of the patrol group. It had
been planted by the enemy.
The members of the patrol either
entered or were assisted into an
abandoned trench nearby and the sol
diers prepared for a fight, believing
one was certain to come. -They wait
ed in the darkness for half an hour
for. something to happen, but the
Germans did not come out. The par
ty then made its way jcautiously back
to the American line.
iT SPRINGS MUTINY
Start Trouble When They
Learn of Moving to
Washington, May 17. Almost a
mutiny broke out among the 2,200
interned Germans at Hot Springs, N.
C, when they, learned of the govern
ment's plan to move them before July
1 to army posts at Forts . Oglethorpe
and McPherson, Ga. It was neces
sary to increase the guards to pre
Many of the interned aliens had
invested their savings in improve
ments on their cottages to make
them more comfortable, thinking
they were permanently located for
the period of the war.
SECOND DAY'S PROGRAM
Durant, Okla., May 17. Considera
tion of committee reports and gener
al discussions were on the program
for the second day of the 58th annual
session of the "Southern Presbyterian
General assembly today. , The as
sembly met yesterday : and " elected
the Rev. James I. Vance, of Nash
ville, enn., moderator, and heard the
reports of some of the committees
A special committee oppointed on
a resolution fro mthe Rev, W. G.
Dobyns, of St . Joseph, Mo., to pre
pare a message of confidence and en
couragement to President Wilson
was expected to report today.-
London, May 17.--The:'.Gerv
man artillery " fire is increasing
ly active from Locon to Hinges
along - the western side of , the
' Flanders salient and c between
the forest, of .Leppe and to' Mer
teren, on the northern side t of
the salleht, the , war office .an- -nounces.
.. .-.-:-.- .
The statement follows :.
"A hostile" raiding party was
- repulsed last night in the : neigttr
borhood of .. Mbyennville, south -of
-Arras... -; - -V
"There was great activity , obl
both sides during tne . night .in ..
the Pacant wood sector, north of
Hinges. The hostile artillery also
has shown increased, activity be-,
tween Locon and Hinges, and ;
from : the forest of Nieppe to
Meteren." v ' . '
Paris, May ,17. Violent; artil
lery fighting in the region of
Hailles, southeast of Amiens, la
reported in today's bfflclal state
: -1 -
ment.- ' ' - ' "
The announcement fdllows:
"During the night there was a
violent bombardment in the re
gion of Ha3?es., .
TTear "Mesnll-St. Georges we
repulsed a German, raid and took
prisoners. South. : of Cahny-Sur-
Matz ( southeast or Mpntaiaierj ,
French ' detachments
' the German lines ; at two points,
bringing back 40 prisoners, includ
ing one officer-.
"On the southern : bank: of the
Oise, German attacks on small
French posts in the sector of
Varennes were broken up by our
"Elsewhere the night passed in
1 06 Names on Casualty List56f
' American Army Oyer
Washington, May ia casuajty
list today contained 106-Jhatfles, di -
vided as follows:
Killed in action
Died of wounds .
Died -lot disease..
Died of .gas poisoning
.Wounded slightly-.. ,
ant AVeriltBraxlon: Pfeifer. Cleveland,
CC sllghUy wounded ; Lieutenant
unaries w. Maxson, jcjauimore,
missing in .action;- Lieutenant .Harold
A. Goodrich, New Haven, f Mo., "and M.
i rf Tn nnri.fl
ously reported missing, flow reported I
The list includes:
Died of disease: Private Fred
Harshaw, Murphy, N. G.
Wounded slightly: Corporal John
Wilson, Gaffney, S. C; Privates
Prentice Eaker, Paris, Tenn.; Ray M.
Hicks, Finley, Tenn.; Less L. Knight,
Macon, Ga.; John R. Weiler, Mengel-
HAD NO INTENTION TO
Creel Writes Pou Letter That
May Clear Up Furor in
Washington, May 17. George
Creel, chairman of the committee on
public information, has written Chair
man, Pou of the house rules commit
tee mat ne nan. no intention or re
flecting on congress in his much-dis
cussed recent speech in New York, in
which he . was quoted, as saying that
inasmuch as he did not enjoy slum
ming, ne would not explore the heart
of congressmen.; .
The remarks attributed to Creel
created a furore in congress, with de
mands for investigation of his com
mittee and declarations , that if cor
rectly quoted, he was unfit to bold
It was indicated yesterday by
house leaders that the matter prob
ably would be permitted to dp'and
Creel's letter to Pou probably ajg
cures sucn a aisposition r tne incl
Chairman Pou told the committee
today he had been advised the letter
had been written, and would be deliv
ere toay. Meanwhile, the committee
ha a session to decide what action
it would take.
Given Another Chance.
Tampa, Fia., May 17. The hang
ing of Jasper and Edward Mlmbs, J
father and son, for the murder of
A. D. Buie, hs been postponed by
Governor Catts to May 31 which will
kllow their cases to be taken before
the pardon board May 28, in an ef
fort to et a commutation of sen
tence. - -
House of Commons Adjourns.
London, May '17. The house of
commons adjourned last night until
May. 28 without an ysign of the long-
delayed j-ish home rule ! bill. . Appar
ently the .members of thev govern
ment have no Idea when the bill will
be introduced. ' ' ."
Irish Party Says Conscriptionf
: Bill is Breach of Faith :
OUTRAGE OF RIGHT ;
Promises Made - to Deceivot
America and Allied
European Nations. -:. J
APPEAL IS ISSUED
Meeting is Held Presided Over.P'
oyJJohn Dillon and StatI r ?!
Was Ever Intended
. . .
Dublin, Thursday, . May 16. At-;?1.
fetfiagvof 45 members of the IrisIGr
party ; here today, with the Irish na't
tionalist leader and John Dillon, ore-
giding, a a statement, was issued thafc'
the bill for conscription in Ireland
was adopted by parliament largely "um-i
der the. impression that no attempt 1 .. ' J '
would (bei made. to use the power un- i-
til a. responsible Irish government and ; ' i
an insnDaniament -were called into- K I
an lrisn ' parliament "were CaHea into ;
The latest developments, however.
says, that -the " government has no in-'- -;L7
tention of iModucing any bill what- . J
ever, and that all the promises made '".-SI Iff
were . uttered simply to deceive .the I
house iSf commons, the British public I :t
ana, aDove au, tne American govern
meht, the American people and the
allied European nations, and -of pre-,-. V
judiclng the cause of Ireland in their
The statement says conscription
j 1 1 j .
tionat. right, but a breach of faithl
The complaint is made that British
propaganda Is creating prejudice
IZZZV tJ "Z ZaTSIZX
rrTr; " T TrrJl
insnjnen quansed to speax in her.
'We beg of the American peOplIT0
and government In the memory : t)t.' : -' .
.gAjisted-ibetween. the American and. IrisXi
'1 TiJr JT Z. rTf lrirrri
principles of democratic freedom and
4,1 , , , ,4.,
icently set. forth in President Wilson's 1
i. . 4.1 1 3 4- a Vl .V ' ' I.
denied to Ireland, while the Irish peo-
ftM , , .. ,
pie are called on to fight for them.
in foreign lands.
ALLIES STILL WAIT
j Only Grumbl jng of Guns Now "
Heard Along Western
With the British Army in France,
Thursday, May 16. The allies are
still waiting for Field Marshal von
Hindenburg to show his hand. No
more magnificent weather could be ;
imagined than has favored the west
ern front In the last 48 hours. But
"even this has been brought no change '
in the military situation. The Ger-r .
mans continue to remain compara-
. tively inactive in their sun-baked de
fenses and were it not for the rumb
ling of the guns, the clouds pf dust 1
along the lines of transport and the ."
flight of- airplanes winging their , way .
across the battle zone, it would be .-
hard to realize that a war was going
on. -. ' ; .;
Notwithstanding this, there has "
been ? no relaxation of the tension :i
which has existed, along the front for
many days. It is realized that, the '
enemy may . strike at any time. ; Cer- .' '
tainly. no one doubts that an ambi-. ..
tlous offensive is tn '. preparation,1 and
the time necessary to complete the
plans must have about run . its course. ;.
The delay is in itself an added indi
cation that the next German push! . .
is to be one of great magnitude and i.
fierceness. This next battle may eas- '
Ily be the crucial one, for the, Get .
mans undoubtedly will attempt once
more to smash entirely through the .
allied lines. !- ; : " :'.h --
Dr. Carrel Promoted.
Paris, May 17. Dr. Alexis Carrel, v
of the Rockefeller institute, has been v
promoted by the French government
to .the rank of commander of the ler- ; ,
gion of honor. The new decoration j:
was bestowed upon, him yesterday by
Mi Motlrier, under secretary of state,1.
for. medical service, In the presence
of a distinguished company. v . ;
- - -?-.-''. fr'n ;r.i
Ten Passcnger KlUedJ X
. Paris, May : 17.-rTen - passengers, '
one European and nine Arabs . were
killed' when the .French steamer At
lantique 'was torpedoed C in the Medi
terranean early this ' month. . The1
steamship managed to -reach a port -
by . her own means;; it Is , announced. .
She measures 6,447 tons. -.-.-' ,
- ; J 5 :
1 1 1