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VOL. XXIV. NO, 154.
.WILMINGTON, NQRTH- CAROLINA;?"- 'WEDNESDAY EVENING, JUNE 1 2, 1918.
WOW STEIN CLAMS i
F0CH RESERVE ARMY l
NO LONGER EXISTS-
I' ME W:I
s nffnn7 n . i r - jtitiH mrn fTrt i r-
Sr Sob T. McCttk&aon.
Important Ground Has Been
Regained by French Forces
RESISTANCE VERY STERN
; Battle Front Between Aisne
and Marne Has Again
SERIOUS BOCHE THREAT
French Still Hold Left Bank
i of Oise, ThoughTheir Lines
i in Northern Sections May
Have Been Readjusted
German efforts to batter down the
French defenses between Montdidier
and the Oise, began on Sunday, seems
to have been checked on the third day
of the struggle.
On the western end of the battle
line th French have counter attacked
and regained important ground, while
on the center and right repeated ef
forts by the enemy to exploit hid
earlier successes have been met with
stem resistance from the French, who
claim that the Germans are held.
At the moment when the plunge of
the foe west of the Oise appears to
have met with a reverse the front to
the southeast between the Aisne and
the Marne has again flamed up. Strik
ing the allied line southwest of Sols
sons, in the neighborhood of Dom
miers, Cutry and south of Ambleny,
the Germans have begun what may be
a very serious threat to the security
ef the allies north of the Oise. "TTie
attack would seem for the moment to
V almost equal in importance to that
at of Montdidier. It appears to be
btffort on the part of the enemy to
or in south of Compeign forest, out-
fimHng the ench. to JhenprtjEi
compelling tneir retirement and a re
location of the whole allied line from
Hoztdidier to Chateau Thierry.
Eicept for the fact that heavy fight
tag is in progress nothing is known of
events on this new battle area, but
the struggle there wil be watched with
some concern until the magnitude of
the Gerrnan thrust is developed. The
French still hold the left bank of the
Oise, although they may have read-
lusted their line3 in the northern sec
tions of the Ourscamp and Carlepont
forests. Their positions there, how
ever, will become awkward should the
Germans drive west of Soissons and
aiake considerable ground.
The success of French counter at
tack along the western wing of the
battle front has forced the Germans
into a sort of pocket bounded on the
easu by the Oise river and on the west
ir the high grounr lying west of the
Uatz. Squarely in front of this
"edge the French appear to be hold
ing the foe, for the present, nt least.
Although there has been a belief
that the German drive east of Mont
diilier was claimed at least in Dart
'r the purpose of drawing allied re
aves from tbfi battlefields of Picardy
a"d Flanders nnMiinsr has vt. nnr.urred
to indicate that the Germans contem-
P-ata an immediate attack at Amiens
r toward the channel ports. Only
raiding operations are reported by the
:sa war office.
Melloy. Genlis wood to the south,
&d the heights between Courcelles
snd Monomer were re-taken by the
-nca. The Germans battled stub-
Ornly anr! KiTffprofl noaw InsRP.H The
F-"enca also took 1,000 prisoners and
several guns. Heaw fiehtiner is tak-
H place around Cherrincourt and
theuil. This 1 th renter of the
rULan arnr.no and t-Vi a Wranoh Viold
wights tothe east, south and north
Berlin, in its statement nf Tnesdav
'igllt, reports the rennl.qe nf French
stacks southwest nf Xovon and
':a'ms n0 progress. -3"he earlier Ger-
ffian COmmilTii'pii n1A nf rn raninra
1 wore than 10.000 nrtaoners. brine:
flll1 .-: rt-r n r AAA
iris remains ennfldnnr in the nnt-
0a2s, while military observers in
Jjndon 1ew the latest enemy attempt
a diversion preparatory to a great-
DlOW 'virthoT. i.n-tV. TTio riaT-manQ
" 13 field tho-o Vo-,r. mal4a all the
between Montdidier and Noy-
011 taey had hoped to make.
Aortbwee: cf Chateau Thierry,
niericau marines have driven the
nflan3 entire"iy from Belleau wood.
Cl has added-300 prisoners to the
afte- 4,uesda"3 victory came right
tho n aivaDce of Monday when
e uermans w era forced back to the
tort fringe of the wood- Sfcrlin's
W Bii renewed atacks broe
bR af7 losses, 'rnere has
mv. 'yurtani acuvitv on tne
are l8f.ctors aere American troops)
Will y An Important Role
tat Peace Comes
U. S. JLDS WHIP HAND
Berlin Papers Begin to Admit
Their Failure to Get
MEANS ECONOMIC RUIN
Germany Cannot Stop Fight
ing Until Some Agreement
Has Been Effected With
By FRANK P. MORSE.
Washington, D. C, June 12. Raw
materials will play the dominant role
in the conferences between the nations
when the question of peace reaches a
final discussion. And the United
States, as a result of big plans that
are now under way, will hold the
whip hand at the council table. The
moral effect that is being exerted by
America in the war will be dwarfed by
the tremendous influence this coun
try will be able to exert In the inter
ests of humanity and for the protec
tion of weaker governments in the
period of reconstruction.
It is significant that Berlin news
papers are beginning to admit that
failure to obtain immediate deliveries
of raw materials at the conclusion of
hostilities would mean the economic
ruin of Germany. They might add that
Germany cannot stop fighting until
she effects some agreement wither
enemies that will jrive her definite
guarantees thatxaw materials vrli;
IIHasM t"h o nnwftp'a train f wTink -ft oir.
are now directing -a last, frantic ofn
f ensive. v .
The United States' now controls a
big percentage of the world's raw, ma
terials. America owns the most im
portant copper, steel, iron and coal
mines In two hemispheres. American
cotton 1b indispensable to the looms
and fatories of Europe. A dozen other
essential commodities are numbered
among the great resources of this
country. The possession of these
treasures is, however, merely the be
ginning of American strength.
A very Important point was made
night by Chairman Hurley, of the ship
ping board, in his speech at South
Bend, when he touched on the weapon
which her fast-growing merchant ma
rine would place in the hands of the
United States. This was the first ut
terance by a government official on a
subject that is gripping the attention
of statesmen in every allied country.
The vessels now being turned out,
and which will be turned out in the
next few years by the 819 American
shipways that are rapidly n earing
comletion, will give the American
government an instrument for the con
trol of raw materials that is under
stood and thoroughly appreciated by
every alert government. This country
will soon be in a position to enter into
partnerships with nations that have
an abundance of raw materials and,
by absolute control of the greatest
merchant marine in history, practical
ly dictate the distribution of the com
modities. It would be in the power of
the United States, for exmple, in an
other two or three years, to wreck the
German nation by excluding her from
a share in the supplies that will sus
tain her national existence.
Without the cotton, wool and leather
that can be supplied only by the
United States, or the countries with
which she is certain to form partner
ships, Germany would be barred from
industries that gave her a generous
share of the world's trade before the
war. Germany cannot restore her ship
ping to the seas, or repair the wear
and tear on her railroads and railway
equipment, until the raw materials is
supplied by America, or countries
closely associated with America. De
pried of metals, she could not revi
talize the toy industry that was once
an absolute German monopoly.
Great Britain is keeniy alive to the
advantage which the American mer
chant marine will give the United
States. The English government is
quietly sounding men of affairs in this
country as to the possibility of enter
ing into a three-cornered arrangement,
which would combine the shipping of
the two Anglo-Saxon nations and make
them co-partners in arrangements
with the countries that possess vast
stores of raw materials but which lack
the capital to develop the possibilities
and the ships to market the output of
mines, ranches and factories.
It is same to say that President
Wilson thoroughly appreciates the
great power in the possession of the
United States, at which OhairuMn Hur
ley merely hinted. The wise states-
Continued or: Page, exen.
"FROM THE HALLS OF UOHTZZUUA TO THE SHORES OF TRIPOLI
WE FIGHT OUR COUaTRTS BATTLES ON THE LAND AS ON THE SEA;
FIRST TO FIGHT FOR RIGHT AND FREEDOSI AND. TO KEEP OUR HONOR CLEAN,
US ARB PROUD TO CLAIU THE TITLE OF UNITED t STATES UARINET
cv : "
Germans Soon r md Them-
selyes' Without Cover
in Open Valley
UNDER FIRE OF ALLIES
Great Work Done by African
Forces in Retaking "
WILL RETIRE TO VALLEY
If Huns Get Into Oise Valley
Far As Ribecourt Allied
Troops Will Be Be
tween Three Fires
London, June 12. Among the no
table feats of arms during Monday
night, says Reuter's correspondent at
French headquarters, was the magnifi
cent counter attack of native African
troops supported by tanks, which en
abled the French to retake LePorte
farm on a crest 370 feet high just
west of the Compaigne road, together
with the high ground north of it. Dis
cussing the situation Tuesday the cor
"Checked on their right and cen
ter, the Germans have thrown fresh
masses of troops in the battle on their
left wing with a view of reaching the
Oise. The country here is a mass of
little hills, separated by deep ravines,
running mainly south or oast, and
lends itself readily to the enemy's fa
vorite tactic of enfiltration in small
detachments. The allied . troops are
operating in a narrow belt on the left
between the enemy's advancing line
and the Oise. With no bridges in the
rear they run- the risk of being cut
off by the enemy should he reach the
river bank south of them,-and accord
ingly they are being withdrawn grad
ually to the river, whence the enemy
is pursuing them. The Germans soon
will find themselves without-cover in
an open valley under the fire of the
allied artillery and machine- guns."
Ribecourt Is now in the enemy's
front line- This village is about a mile
and a half from the bank of the Oise.
The French retirement to the river,
valley was inevitable.
The mass of forests, including
d'Ourscamp wood, Carlepont forest and
Montagne wood, which we now hold on
the east bank, is enclosed by the Oise
on the north and the west by the Ger
man lines, which skirt the edge of the
woods on the east.
Enghth German Loan.
Amsterdam, June 12 Subscriptions
from the army to the eighth German
war loan brought the total of the loan
np to 15,001,425,000 marks, according
to. Berlin. dispatches-today. : :
WHERE THE NEWS IS THICKEST.
ONE FAYETTEVILLE BOY
Large Number From South
Are Included in the
Washington, June 12. The army
casualty list today contained 126
names, divided as follows:
Killed in action 15
Died of wounds 9
Died of airplane accident 1
Died of accident and other causes. 17
Died of disease . V 18
Wounded severely 59
Wounded,' degree undetermined. ... 6
Missing in action 1
Officers named were:
Killed In action: Lieutenants Wil
mer Bodenstab, Yonkers, N. Y.; Max
C. Buchanan, Brockton, Mass., and
Malcolm M. Johnstone, Arlington,
Died of disease: Captain Leonard K.
Hart, Shawnee, O.
Died of airplane accident: Lieuten
ant Richard B. Reed, Van Wert, O.
Severly wounded: Captain Don L.
Caldwell, Greenfield, Ohio; Lieuten
ants Albert E. Billing, Brooklyn, N.
Y.; George E. Butler, Arkansas City,
Kan., and Wayne William Schmidt,
The list contained . the folowing
from Southern states:
, Killed in action: Privates Cyrus F.
Adcox, Fayetteville, N. C; David H.
Dobbs, Mathison, Miss.; Daniel Har
der, Almyra, Ark.; Leslie Venters,
Shelmerdine, N. C.
Died of wounds: Privates Justin O.
Lyell, Nashville, Tenn.; John B. Mc
Dermit, Collins, Miss.
Died of disease: Privates Tony
Baughton, Rayville, La.; Gordon
Hayes, Nichols, S. C.; William A. Mc
Gulre, Mountain Home, Ark.; Emmett
Segrays, Hampton, Ga.; Eddie C.
Smith, Forala, Ala.
Severly wounded: Sergeant Fred W.
Corsine, Concord, N.'C; Privates Sam
A. Conley, Hiawassee, Ga.; Jessie
Green, Delhi, La.; Edwin C. Head,
Needmore, Ga.; Gentry Hunnicutt,
Greenville, S. C; Arthur H. Johnson,
Lakeland, Fla.; Henry W. Kennedy,
Waycross, Ga.; Maurice W. Watson,
ONE TAR HEEL KILLED
WITH MARINE CORPS
Washington, June 12. A marine
corps casualty list of 17 names, made
public today, carries the names of 11
men killed in action, two who died of
wounds and four severely wounded.
Captain John Blanchfield, of Brook
lyn, died of wounds received in action.
The list includes
Killed in action: Privates Warren
Findley Hoyle, Box 26, Shelby N. C. ;
George Dallas Murphy, Hampton
Drive, Spartanburg, S. C.; Fred Lo
max, Hohenwald,-Tenn. 4i
ImLll1 IN ACIIlJNIpnMMAMn rifcn m
PLEA FOR UNIFIED
Hurd Calls For Centralization
of Allies in Mediterranean
SEVEN NAVIES THERE
Looks For Russian Ships to
Sail Soon Under Trained
A FORMIDABLE FORCE
Allies Must Be Prepared For
New and Dramatic Devel-
ments and Remedy Is
a Complete Unity
London, June 12. Writing in the
Daily Telegraph, Archibald S. Hurd,
the widely known naval authority,-
pleads urgently for a unified command
for the allied fleets in the Mediterra
nean, especially in view of the prob
able accession to the strength of the
navies, of the neutral puvrerw through
the acquisition by Germany of the
bulk of the ships belonging to the
former Russian Black "sea fleet.
The naval command in the Medit
errarean, Mr. Hurd points out, rests
wit the French, and in the Adriatic
with the Italians. The British naval
forces in both .these seas are acting
under the French and Italian admi
rals, while the American and Japan
ese navies also are operating there
and Greek and Brazilian naval partic
ipation is impending. Thus seven
navies represented in the Mediterra
nean would be under divided com
It . is - possible, the writer thinks,
that eight capital ships of the Rus
sian navy, in addition to sevral cruis
ers, destroyers and submarines, will
be equipped with trained German
crews and issue from the Dardanelles
at a moment selected by the enemy.
These vessels,. added to Austria's con
siderable fleet, would comprise a for
"In the light of these statements,"
continues Mr. Hurd, "the allies must
be prepared for new and dramatic de
velopments and the proper remedy is
to promote complete unity in the
command of their naval forces.
Something more is needed than the
spirit of comradeship and mutuD
Mr. Hurd notes a recent statement
by . Franklin D. Roosevelt, assistant
secretary of the navy, to a French
newspaper that the "British, Ameri
can, French and Italian fleets in th
Mediterranean had to a certain extent
adopted the principle of combining
and brigading together the various
units of their fleets,'
and emphasizing i
'. ouif immiu ui i lief
the words to a certain extent, he con- morning in a fruitless attempt to re
tends that this is not enough. 1 capture the village.
IS STILL TO
German High Command Says
Objects of Offensive Gained
HUN THRUST IS ENDED
Ciaiih Smaller Drives Only to
ARE RESTORING LINE
Exponents Say Plenty of Fresh
Divisions For Fray and
Austria's Power Is
London, June 12. Tuesday's Ger
man official statement would seem to
bear the interpretation that the Ger
man high command considers that the
objects of its latest offensive already
have been attained and that now the
French are making successful coun
ter attacks, the thrust will not be pur
The great question to military crit
ics here is whether General Luden
dorff's plans yet are fully revealed,
and if the foregoing interoretation is
correct it would bear out tne view
held by many military experts that
the great stroke of the central powers
on the western front is still to come.
The theory advanced by these crit
ics is that the big offensives of March
23and May 27 both developed suc
cess far surpassing the anticipation
tuwvTOmlygunlmB UPi33iiiy at ine morDent wnen me uermaa
veloped much further than originally
intended, and that the smaller offen
sives of April 9 on the Ypres front and
the present thrust on the Noyon-Mont-didier
front were engaged lh diver
sions to keep the Franc6-British
forces engaged and to prevent them
from making counter offensives, while
the Germans were restoring and con
solidating their lines, repairing the
confusion and disorder prodnced by
the unexpected depth of their ad
vances and completing preparedness
for their main blow.
The exponents of this theory point
to the fact that the Germans still
have a large number of fresh divi
sions ready to throw into the gigantic
struggle and that Austria's power is
still unused. The opinion is advanced
that it will not be long before the
heaviest attack yet seen will be
launched by the Germans and prob
ably against the British front with
the object of again attempting to di
vide the allied forces and reach the
SHIPWAY BEADY IN JULY
Building of Vessels Will Start
Immediately, Is State
ment of Wig
(Special to The Dispatch)
Washington D. C, June 11. The
first concrete shipway at Wilmington
will be completed early in July and
the building of concrete vessels will
start immediately thereafter, accord
ing to an announcement today by R.
J. Wig, chief engineer of the division
of ship construction. The statement
adds that the Liberty Shipbuilding
company has been awarded a contract
for the supervision of the construction
of all concrete vessels at Wilmington.
It was further announced that the
big concrete ship Faith sailed last
Saturday from Vancouver, B. C, with
out cargo, for Seattle. She will take
on a full load in Seattle for a return
voyage to San Francisco, from which
port she will soon clear for a trans
Pacific cruise to Australia.
IS TAKEN SERIOUSLY
London, June 12. "The Germans
are taking seriously the American
thrust at the apex of their line in the
Clignon valley (northwest of Chateau
Thierry) and thus - far ' have used five
divisions in attempting to counter it,
but entirely without success," Reuter
correspondent at French headquarters
telegraphs under Tuesday's date. Two
fresh divisions were thrown at the
American's center at Bouresches this
WILMINGTON S CONCRET
Prussian War Minister Say
Entente Suffered Defeat i
LOSSES IN MATERIALS
Strength of Americans Far Be
low Reports That Are
Spread Abroad -1 j
DENIED AT WASHINGTON
Plan Worked Out For Pooling
of 800,000 Troops UrtdexJ
Foch, the Master Strategist
When Attack Began .1
Amsterdam, June 12 ."A great part y
of the French army has been beaten, -General
von Stein, the Prussian war
minister, declared in a speech to th.--'..
reichstag, according to Berlin advices : 7 '
"The so-called Foch reserve army
-no longer exists," the minister asseru v
ed. The success of the crown prince's v '
carefully prepared attacks against the ; r v
French and British on the Chemea Des, ;
Dames front on May 27 inflicted one ;- '
of the gravest defeats the .entente ha -
suffered during the entire yar. '
General von Stein made these state
ments in a review of the militant y
situation at the front at the secondly;:,
reading of the army budget in the',!;.;
reichstag yesterdayik- ' .' S?
"Besides his losses in men,: -piw- r
tinued General von Stein, "the enemj;:; .
suffered an enormous loss in war ma? -
terials and equipment Immense stores j, '
of ammunition which were heaped up , ,
along the lines of communication be;; C
hind the front of the defeated French,
army likewise fell into our hands Just -r.
as previously we captured enormous
stores from the British army. j
General von Stein said tha tthe nnm ';f:
ber and strength of the American
troops up to the present wa sfar below
what reports spread by thev entente
had led Germany to expect;-' He said'
the American- troops had made' they;
advance had come to a halt on the
"They, too, like, the French re-
serves," he declared, ' iwere thrown
into the battle in vain counter attacks
and suffered the same fate."
Other American troops, the minister
said, are on quiet sections of the,
What Washington Says.
Washington, June 12. Announce .
ment by the Prussian war minister to
the reichstag that "the so-called Foch.
reserve army no longer existn," Is be
lieved by officials here to be a design
to create a misapprehension of the
facts in the minds of General von
Stein's hearers. To some extent it is
regarded as an admission by the Ger
man military rulers that they must
say something to encourage the civil
population if they are to continue
with the great offensive'' In the west
that has thus far brougnt them no
nearer a German-made peace, despite
its enormous cost of lives.
If the Prussian war minister intend
ed to convey the impression that the
allied reserve power had been ex
hausted by the German assault the
actual situation at the front stands . '
as a flat contradiction. His owrds,
however, might mean a wholly differ-'
ent thing, although designed to be
construed as the announcement of a
Before the German .attack was madd,
the supreme war council at Versailles y
had worked out a program for limitejr '
pooling of forces under General Foch
as supreme strategist, which would
have commanded a mobile force of
some 800,000 men, composed of 200,
000 French, 200,000 British, 200,000;
Americans and 200,000 Italian troops.
Each of the commanders would have
contributed from his mobile reserves
his portion of the inter-allied reserve
army which was to have been em
ployed mainly to support offensive op- '
erations on front selected by the Ver
sailles council. ,
The organization of this army wask
never completed, however, the emer- -gency
created by the German off en- -
sive causing a wholly new pooling
agreement under which General Foch
became supreme commander. He -now
directs the employment of all
active as well as reserve armies. No
army now exists which could be called
"the Foch reserve army, because af
supreme commander that officer haf
under him all of the forces facing the.
German onslaught. t -
The Prussian war ministers state-.
ment, however, admittedly touches the .
very heart of the problem facing Gen- .
eral Foch. The fact that although un
der unceasing attack since March 21 ;
the allied and American forces have
not struck back in anything approach- .
ing a major operation is regarded as '
conclusive proof that the x supreme
commander, backed by the supreme
war council, is striving by every means :
in his power to stem the German rush
and exhaust its offensive power with
out depleting his own reserve forces.
If he is successful and there to now7
every confidence both here and abroa4
(Continued on Page Sevea . 4
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