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AE WILMINaTON, DISPATCH, FRIDAY, JUNE-1 A ,1918.
TUMI U NCTnHflK
E iiL II IknlUIU I Uti USUI HI
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FRIDAY, JUNE 14, 1918.
The mental processes of the Teuton
pass the understanding of a normal
mind. Kaiser Wilhelm, for example,
demonstrated that he is totally devoid
pf a sense of humor when, as recently
appeared in the cabled news, he com
mented bitterly on the fact that the
"fatherland" was receiving very little
help from her sons in the Unilid
States. This comment came from the
head of a government that has for
generations systematically trained its
subjects to bow down and worship
every form of authority.
It does not seem to have occurred
to the head of the Huns that the ease
with which he has imposed the "di
vine right" idea on the dull German
mind was a convincing proof that tho
victim of his jplayed-out confidence
game are congenitally susceptible to
every manifestation of organized au
thority. The "discipline that has made
people in Germany applaud the viola
tion of women, the sinking of hospital
, ships, the crucifixion of captives and
Innumerable other reversions to bar
barism, has caused Teutons in the
United States to smottier tneir senti
mental regard for the fatherland, once
proclaimed from the housetops, and
settle down to the more important oc
cupation of obeying the laws of the
land of their adoption.
If tho sorrowing kaiser could, by
force of arms, establish his "divine
right" in the United States, lie might
count on acclamations from some of
his former subjets who are living in a
Eane sector cf the world. Until that
.elightly remote accomplishment is
achieved, however, he ight just as
j.ell cease grieving over German
American "disloyalty" and begin con
i centratlng on the troubles that are
hrewing for nim on tne 0ther side of
, AN EFFECTIVE THREAT
The recent amendment of the draft
i regulations, which requires men with
in the conscription age to turn their
energies to essential industres or fight,
, 13 proving a decidedly effective, if in
direct, conscrption of labor for facto
ries an shipyards. Another important
development Is the inevitable con
scription of American resources foT
the. fight against Germany will result
trom che shortage of coal hat must
' 1)B face.- Tfi-rt TiHntis-
be faced next winter.
The fuel administration admits that
this shortage will amount to more than
50,000,000 tons. Consequently, it Is
now proposed to distribute fuel on an
uncompromising priority baeis. Facto
ries that are working for the govern
ment, or contributing 40 per cent of
their activities to war essentials, will
havo first call on coal. Plants that
cannot measure up to this percentage
will havo their normal fuel require
ments cut down 40 per cent.
It ia obvious that this order, If put
Into effect, will force a tremendous
number of Industries Into line and
make them exceedingly anxious to ob
tain government contracts. It is far
better to keep going on work that
pays a profit of 10 per cent than to
shut dowii Indefinitely while the fuel
and railway administrations .are en
r deavoring to overcome the coal short
age. Thereforer"the measures that
Washington will describe a conserva
tion of coal will prove. In reality, an
Irresistible conscription of factories
Jor the fight against Germany. ,
FOCH AND AN OFFENSIVE
If tlie . policy adopted by General
Foch is -wearing down the German
army and the German morale, it is
also havlngfits effect upon the nerves
of the peoples of the allied nations.
His Fabian policy of stoutly resisting
tho enemy, inflicting all the damage
to Mm that he ean, yien retire to new
line has boon progressing for nearly
three months, and while it has result-
ed in tremenodus losses to tne uerman
forces, it appears to have about reach
ed the end of its rope.' In other words,
to the interested spectator unversed
in the intricacies of military tactics, it
appears that the allies have abandon
ed about all the ground they can give
up without suffering almost irrepara
ble damage. Only a few more miles
in one of four directions would give
the Hun a position that will be of
nealculable advantage to him, and be a
most serious reverse for the allied
From a story recently published giv
ing what purported to be the position
the generalissimo holds with regard
to offensive and defensive warfare, it
would seem that he is not, as is the
general belief, committed to tha de
fensive policy, but rather personally
prefers the offensive fighting. If this
be his idea, and it probably is, the
day when he will take up the offen
sive is very near. The article indi
cates that Foch is not depending on a
war of attrition; he has objects be
yond the mere wearing down of von
Hindenburg's troops; all that he does
and all that he refrains from doing is
with a single eye to seizing the offen
sive at the opportune moment and
striking a crushing blow with the aid
of that "army of maneuver" which
the supremo war council is supposed
to have accumulated from the French,
British, American and Italian forces.
The Philadelphia Record, discussing
the, probability of an early allied of
"The advantages of the defensive
are obvious, but they are limited. The
disadvantages are equally obvious, for
the commander on the offensive can
select .his point of attack and can al
ways concentrate there more men
than he will encounter. The defensive
must yield if the attacks are pressed
strongly enough until it can get rein
forcements toNthe point.
"For nearly three months now the
dispatches have reported German at
tacks in overwhelming numbers and
the retreat by the allies' for several
miles, alternating with other dispatch
es announcing that the German offen
sive is slowing down, and theallies
can hold their lines. After this the
Germans attack at another point and
get ahead again. For nearly three
months the Germans have been get
ting nearer to four objectives, any one
of which would be of enormous im
portance to them, s These are a chan
nel port, Amiens and its system of
railways, Paris, and a point southwest
of Verdun which would flank it and
very likely cause its abandonment.
"We can hardly imagine that a
French commander-in-chief would al
low the enemy to get nearer to any
of these points than he is now, and if
the article in The Field was written
lately, Foch is not trusting to Fabian
tactics to win the war; he knows that
only an offensive will .win it, and ho i3
getting ready to strike a delsive blow
with an overwhelmingly heavy 'army
of maneuwir' which he, has accumulat
ed and which he has under his hand
to launch at tho enemy at any mo
ment. "Furthermore, If this article has just,
been written, we Infer that the commander-in-chief
is almost ready to
strike, and deems it wise to prepare
the people of the allied countries for a
turn in the tide of war. 'It's a long
lane that has no turning.' "
WE ARE GOING OVER
Secretary of War Baker in an ad-,
dress to the Blue Devils of France,
stated that there are "more than 700,
000" American soldiers now in France.
not known outside of the Washington
. . .. .
omciai circles, and the request has
been made that guesses by others be
rofrained from. However, the secre
tary has previously stated that by July
j 1 there would bo a million American
troops in France; It also has been pub
lished that last month something like
200,000 went across the Atlantic ahd
that the number for June would ba
larger; all of this taken in connection
with tho secretary's statement that
there are "more than" 700,000 now
over there leaves little for guesswork,
and the public can very readily reach
Its own conclusions as to the number
that will be there by the first of next
Just as soon as the first million gets
over, the second will start, and this
! tP.A V stream will .4.j
- . v.Uuuuue at an an
nual rate of more than a million until
the Hun has been brought to his
knees, no matter whether this will re
quire one, two" or ,five millions of
Again the cry of "They shall not
"'"'Michigan "democrats" have endorsed
Henry Ford for the United States sen
ate, making it about unanimous ex
cept for the socialists, and they would
have endorsed him several years ago
when he was sending the peace ark
to Europe. Since, then, however,
Henry has developed into a most loyal
American and is doing a great work
to help his country win the war, all of
which has put him in bad with the
socialists, so he will have to worry
along with only the support of the
democrats and republicans.
The Washington Post' says that
when, it comes to fixing the price of
cotton the well known law of supply
and demand is good enough for tho
southern congressmen. That is what
the south has been dealing with In
the past, and while it has worked
both ways, she bore up under the evil
times and would like the privilege of
A number of first and second lieu
tenants in other branches of army
service have resigned in order to join
the tank squads as privates, a branch
of the service which would enable
them to get a whack at a Hun much
earlier. That kind of spirit will never
Because of the operations of TJ
boats off the American coast interfer
ing with the receiving of Cuban su
gar, the food administration has again
ourtailed the amount allowed to
housekeepers. Darn that U-boat!
Some of these days the German peo
ple are going to wake up to the fact
that Bill Hohenzollern has been giving
them imitations of truth, just as tho
American yachtsman discovered when
his gold cup turned out to be pewter.
Get ready for the war stamp drive.
That will be one campaign in which
all of'us can participate regardless of
David Lawrence says the chief ob
stacle to our aiding Russia is a lack
of tonnage. Wo had had an idea that
it was a lack of confidence.
Among the accomplishments of the
German army is its ability to make a
good target for allied gunners.
Wilmington and Wrightsville wel
comes the men who provide water
and light for the cities of North and
South Carolina and Virginia.
Mayor Moore calls upon the citizeas
of Wilmington to do their duty in .the
war stamp campaign, and the procla
mation will geta hearty response.
OUR DAILY BIRTHDAY PARTY.
Major General Joseph E. Kuhn, com
mandant at Camp Meade, born in Kan
sas, 54 years ago today.
Ex-Queen Sophie, of Greece, sister
of the Germa nemperor, born at Pots
dam, 48 years ago today.
John McCormack, celebrated operat
ic and concert tenor, born at Athalone,
Ireland, 34 years ago today. ,
Grand Duchess Marie of Luxenburg,
who has repeatedly defied the author
ity of the kaiser, born 24 years ago
Robert II. La Follette, United States
senator from Wisconsin, born at Prim
rose, Wis., 63 years ago today.
Ray Morgan, infielder of the Wash
ington American league baseball team.
born m Baltimore, 27 years ago today.
A Handy Man Around the House
Tw"s!cy- i tiawp" l SjV- Tfis-r -rj I ( Oh George I j
K500 CL J ,V IMmScH HELP, 7
l f, ... Is ' r v
Food Conservation in the
r f v 6 FREDERIC J. HA8KIN.
Washington June 14. Three new
Weapons of war; have recently come
Into use in the American army weap
ons as formidable as any yet turned
out by munition plants. They are the
sharp bread knife, the sharp meat
knife and the ordinary teaspoon.
The Germans wuld be particularly
worried by the s..rp bread knife, if
they knew about it. It is being used
to cut very thin slices of bread. Be
fore the war bread in the army was
Mir. in Tinea thirt Ufes with any kind
of a knife at all. The soldier ate as
many slices as he wanted and usually
left a half-aton slice by. his plate.
Now he does tho same thing, but the
waste is minimized because the sliees
are so- much thinner.
In one camp alone the sharp bread
knife saved 60,000 pounds of bread
during a period of 15 days. Every
man was still permitted to eat his fill
of bread; he was simply prevented
from wasting 30 tons that would other
wise have been cast-into the garbage
pail. Forty-five tons of bread would
be the approximate allotment for 3,000
men. And this Is the result of the
saving in only one camp. It is esti
mated that the total saving In all the
camps was sufficient to ration several
battalions of French and British In
fantry. Tho sharp meat knife has been found
equally efficacious. Hardly any meat
Is wasted now and the full importance
of this may be realized when it is
stated that one eighty-third of each
man's food left on his plate represents
a loss of one-half cent. In an army
of 2,000,000 men this would mean an
annual waste of $3,650,000 a sum that
would buy food for more than 23,000
Since the war the American soldier
has also learned how to get amazing
results with his teaspoon. By stirring
hi3 coffee vigorously for several sec
onds he has found that one lump of
sugar will do the work of two. Stir
ring is now a part of the military
Food conservation has been re
duced to a science in the army. From
the time the food is bought by the
subsistence division of the quartermas
ter's corps to the time it is consumed
by the soldier the smallest scrap is
watched with tender care. That scrap,
it is realized, may yet prove the need
ed surplus in defeating the Germans.
The food is purchased on the contract
system. That Is, every month the sub
sistence division sends out a request
for bids on various foods for the army
for that particular month and the low
est bidder for the highest quality food
is given the contract.
Some months food prices are higher
than at others, which causes a fluctua
tion in the cost of the soldier's ra
tion. This cost also varies according
to different sections of the country.
In some places it is only 38 cents a
day; in others as high as 44 cents.
The soldier's ration is in the hands
of the mess sergeant of his company.
It is the mess sergeant who makes out
the daily menus and submits them to
the company commander and he also
keeps account of the daily cost. If
the food for one day costs less than
the amount allotted for the company's
rations the balance is placed on the
books to be used at some other time.
Sometimes the mess sergeant saves
enough during the week to buy chick
ens for Sunday dinner.
If approved by the company com
mander the written menu made out by
the mess sergeant is then handed to
the company cook, a man of scientific
training and experience obtained in
an army cooking school. There are
now over 30,000 cooks in the American
army and over 10,000 bakers, all of
whom have received a course of train
ing at army kitchens and bakeries.
One of these training schoolst is
here in Washington, established in
connection with the Washington bar
racks, which is a permanent army
post. It reminds one i very much of
the kitchen floor Of a hotel,' with the
exception of the chemical laboratory,
where the men are taught facts, about
food values and calories and chemical
theories. At this post 7,400 loaves of
bread are baked every day, and the
army loaf is a two-pound loaf. The
dough is made In a large mixer, is
then placed in huge troughs for the
rising process and is baked in a huge
iron oven which holds 56 pans at a
time. The army is now using a 25 per
cent substitute for wheat flour ,in
bread, and is also using substitute
for other food materials, oS which
there is a shortage. It will be well
to remember this the next time you
feel inclined to comttlain about the bot
tom crust of your die or the scarcity
of meat in the stew.
In making bread, for example the
army not only saves 25 per cent of
its wheat flour, but it saves on the
cost of the bread itself by using sub
stitutes for lard. One bakery, turn
ing out 135,000 pounds of bread a
week, now uses 50 gallons of cotton
seed oil in place of the 450 pounds of
lard formerly used. This means a
large reduction in cost as - well as a
considerable saving in animal fats.
Army cooks these days are men of
versatile talents. They must be able
to cook anywhere at all in a kitchen,
in the field and In a trench or dugout.
It is part of their training. In the
back yard of the training school at
Washington there are several types
of wagon kitchens Which are' being
used in Europe. They contain ovens
and large aluminum compartments
such as are found in flreless cookers,
but one can see that cooking on them
Is an entirely different proposition
from using the good old-fashioned
Army cooks also know how to bake.'
The bread that they make with a 25
per cent substitute is excellent. Their
pies and pastries are also delicious, al
though these are served only at rare
intervals now, owing to the scarcity in
wheat. Instead the men are learning
to like desserts of fresh or stewed
fruit, served with light ginger bread.
The American soldier is the best fed
soldier in the world. His daily ra
tion contains over 4,700 cabaries. But
he is learning to be economical of
Furthermore, food is not the only
thing that is conserved in the army.
Every training camp has a reclama
tion division consisting of one officer
and 600 men which saves everything
that it can lay its hands on. It makes
a daily inspection of the camp gar
bage cans to keep a check on the camp
waste; it collects tin cans and waste
paper and it even saves the camp
stable manure to be used as fertilizer
on camp vegetable gardens. Every
camp Is to have a vegetable garden
this year also a measure of economy.
Last year the French and British had
gardens on vacant land near their
camps and succeeded in raising $250
worth of food to the acre. It is esti
mated that similar gardens, farmed by
American soldiers, will supply enough
vegetables to the acre to ration 50
Before the war the army destroyed
Its empty tomato cans. Now these
cans are carefully saved for 150
pounds of old tin cans will make one
pound of pure tin and also one ounce
of stannic acid, from which is made
the deadly gas used by the Germans.
Millions of tin cans are emptied at
army camps every day. In tinned jam
alone the daily consumption Is over
250,000 cans. In view of the ever
growing this shortage this work of the
reclamation division Is especially Im
portant. This division also keeps a check on
the waste In fabrics. It is constantly
repairing damages to shoes, clothing,
blankets, cots, tentage and canvas.
They collect all empty gunny sacks
CHAPTER XLII. .
Betty Has a Peculiar Experience.
"Say, girls, I want you to take a
good look at me," Betty said, when
she came in from work one afternoon.
"We know how you look by this
time without wasting our time," Car
"Well, do you see any pin-feathers?"
"What ARE you talking about, Bet
ty Conners?" I asked.
"Pin-feathers! Didn't you hear me?"
Then, "those men called me a yellow
haired chicken, and then tried to flirt
with me something fierce.
"What men?" I queried laughing,
but I groaned also. Betty's lovely pi
quant face was always attracting at
tention. I began to think the child
never would be free from undesirable
"Two dudes on the subway. I guess
they was brokers from the talk. Be
fore they commenced to talk about
me they was talking about some stock
that had made them a lot of money.
They said it 'broke wide open, what
ever that meant. Then one of them
looked at me and grinned, then he
said something to the other, and he
grinned, too. Then the first one said:
" 'I bet a ten spot I catch that chick
en,' and the other said:
"'I bet fifteen I do,' just like I was
not anything but stuck full of pin
feathers. I've lived in New York too
long for pin-feathers.
"Then they began to flirt and make
goo-goo eyes. It was air I could do to
keep from laughing right out at them,
sitting there making such fools of
themselves. I guess they kinda for
got the folks in the car was looking
at them laughing at them, too be
cause they wanted to win their bet.
"One of them got up and stood in
front of me and asked me to go to
dinner with him. I said, 'No,' and
said it good and loud. Then when a
woman got up next to me the other
one came over and slid into her seat,
and HE asked me to go to dinner, too.
"By this time every one was 'on,' so
I spoke up as loud as I could:
"I won't go to dinner with either
one of you dudes. But as you've both
lost your bets, I'll take the money,
please," and I holds out my hand to
first one and then the other. Every
one in the car just roared, and a man
sitting near said:
" 'That's right, young woman, you
should have had them arrested. Make
them hand over,' and they did. Here's
When we stopped laughing which
wasn't for a long time, I asked:
and the army receives $20,000 worth
of gunny sacks a day. They are also
stopping the soldier's waste Of cotton
fabric, which formerly amounted to 10
pounds per man.- All of this is turn
ing the soldier into a cautious and
conservative man. He is losing his
admiration for waste and is beginning
to respect such insignificant things
as the sharp bread knife and the tea
spoon as valuable weapons of war.
Names In the News.
A buffer state in international law
is one which intervenes geographical
ly between larger states and lessens
the danger of rupture from immediate
contact. Examples of such states are
Switzerland and Serbia.
one Year ago today in war.
June 14, 1917 British forces con
tinued a vigorous offensive along
many miles of the west front; German
Zeppelin L-43 brought down by British
naval forces in the North Sea.
mm m i m in i n an
""oi are jou Koine- tr a
money?" - wim
"Give It to the hospital ot
' max nice man
What c r"18!
that I was going to. a.n7
'That's a very eood 6Q e sii
- LU DUt .
: , nuuia.Il.- I MVoJ .T"
all right. He was tp.i m
wished he hadn't pii d
woman,' it sounded as if i Wa.
ferget or something like that
of a perfectly good young iad
no-" & u5 sten.
"Betty, I am going to Tmv Vo
false face, see if T rirm'c nl -. u
clared. "Ynn aren't t v' rrie At.
-- - LU ue trusted
TTT?tV tint A T . .
mat uuc. I m awtm gla(j
twCntv.flvD tVinnrrV. T
-' i was Coin
make a nrnnnolUnn "6
toniEht"" UU and J
Carrie Divulges Her Pan
"What is It r-iao , .
was no longer morose or sulkv
was growing very lovable. '
aPTPPfl -or a mio-Vit n r.1. t- '"J
-o " c itoui, ana, jane tl&pr
nrma in TxHtV no ou j
u-3- is earning ji;
a week now. and ronlH affj i6 '
her share. Then she mignt u , !
help us with little Jack. But now
- -w. mum. lnen j 4,
she and I went off into peal after
-vi "en; got up ail
showed us just how she got the mens!
"J think that a good idea," I snM
wiicu x tuuiu Lai, jane is a fnn
iiuuooi. sun, ui &ui. Ana since Bett
took her in hand her clothes arP ,i
right. I wonder if she would like tr
come with us." The thought that i'
she did we might soon have our little
iiat . was in my mma.
l ininK sne would give her olJ
suoes 10 ue assea, Jtseuy broke In
out she has beaux, Mary. She likes
mem, witn a snm.
"That's not a fault. We would
mn Vi n n n v if tot aahI J . i
ua t ua. u a ii. v.uuiu na ve me ones
"Would we? Speak for
"Supose you ask Jane tomorrow
Betty. Tell her she mustn't fee
n .o l' l Mfifnni T'V. a A 1-
anaiu, lu iciuDc. iun sue can come
and try it and if she doesn't like i
ouc v,clii icaic, xiiu wen ue just as
"All right, Miss Matthews, I'll de
liver your message. But if the place
is run over with youg fellows don't
blame me. I've warned you." Then
at an unwonted commotion in the hall,
she can out, in a moment calling:
"Girls, come quick! See what's hap
pened. Oh, he's hurt!"
Tomorrow THE ACCIDENT.
(Copyright, 1918, by Dale Drummoni)
In the News
Major General Charles G. Treat,
who has been detailed to duty in Italv,
Is West Pointer of the class of 1S8
and is an artillery officer. General
Treat is a graduate of the Artillery
School and of the Army War College.)
In the fall of 1916 he was appointed
a brigadier-general in the regular
service, and a major-general in the
national army last August. When"'.--United
States entered the war,
eral Treat was- recalled from Haw
and placed in command of the Thirt
seventh division at Camp Sherida
Alabama, composed of Ohio troops.
Later he was assigned to the command
of the western department, with head
quarters at San Francisco.
Inhabitants of Orient, Washington,
always have wondered where and how
they got that name. Now they know
that it was a prophecy.
In its early days Orient, like other
western mining towns, was a gay and
care-free spot in the hills. It may
be that ,the joyous license of those
days suggested the fleshpots of the
Far East to that unknown one who
christened Orient; but it scarcely
And as Orient went along in life K
became less and less oriental. It sub
sided from a frontier town into an
ordinary auiet little western farm
community, with a station and a gen
eral store, a one-story bank with a
twnfArv front and an oasis of SplT-
One day the great state of Washing
ton went dry. i Whereupon Orient
awoke with a painful start to the real
significance of its name. It remenv
Horori that tho OriPTlt IS & dry, hOI
place, where people almost perish wr
want of a drink. And such a p ace
had Orient become. It retained tn
fierce western thirst, which must db
slaked to be appreciated that Duru
t, v,ic-t YrnA nt oivnii and mountain
n v,, ,nA v0f ifo trttlo oasis.
That was a sad day in Orient i
time, the great healer, has done w
work even there the pale and pepiess
pop has won the place of the joltiM
"frytr.rA" 7li11i wna SO lonK the !
vorite Oriental beverage.
A Hero Every Day
TV.. At rtTrcmloolnTIPf! officer
A. mob vu".
.. . .nrnS W
tne united states manuc
lose his life in France was LieUe.
iy - 4.1. r rivort An aerir
plane in wnicn ne was an-s ,
server icu num a. 6- - ,,T
both he and his pilot were nwrtau.
hurt. Before they died both oi
were decorated with the
liuerre tor tneir uumasc. .
mention Is made of their work
Seicheprey, where they made ow
ii J 1, oottv flrfl and aue4
v a. Liu u o uuuci net , j
mi r1V.ert Wis
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lam E. Culbert, lives at 5 HamPt"B
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