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VOL. XXIV. NO. 158
WILMINGTON, NORTH CAROLINA, SUNDAY MORNING JUNE 1 6, 1918.
TWO LETTERS HOME TITO YANKEE BUNK1ES
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fly TT7"l FTVECENTsif
PAY OF GOOD TIDINGS
America Has Passed 800,000
Mark and Ship Capacity
Is Only Limit
Every Huge Smash Started by
Germans Since March 21
Has Been Stopped by the
Allied Forces w,
Washington, June 15.-3$hfcee, million
Americans 'under arms by the jflrsjt of
August and 800,00ft already' sent over
seasthese figures were announced
The first figure came from Pfovost
Marshal General Crowder, talking be
fore the senate military committee;
the second, from Chief of Staff March,
talking in his first weekly war review
session with war department corre
Crowder predicted class 2 will nave
to be invaded unless the draft age is
raised to include available men for
class one; March promised that the
great flow of troops so successfully
undertaken will continue as at pres
ent limited only by capacity of ships
to carry them.
These two proud figures, answering
boldly the scornful disparagement of
American effort by the boche authori
ties, was backed by still another sig
nificant figure 1,000,000 men" sent
urerseas by July 1, according to war
ccuncil information given the senate
Today was a day of good tidings.
Standing before a pin pricked map.
lie western line in which were five
I (American 'lags marking United
(Ms statement :
"We have now passed the 800,000
mark in troops shipped overseas. - It
is impossible to predict a day say a'
uo:.h ahead or any other definite
time when a mastering superiority
Till be in the hands of the allies. But
tie number of troops we are sending
across now is limited only by the"
capacity of the ships to carry them,
and we intend to keep that up."
There was a touch of pride in the
statement of the chief, who came back
here only a few months ago with the
announcement that more men had to
be sent across immediately and then
proceeded to stir everybody up while
he himself hurried about to help get
the ships wherewith to do this task.
March said nothing to the newspa
per men concerning what these great
forces are accomplishing specifically.
But the senators learned from the war
council that -the brigading with the
allies is being accomplished rapidly
and that many Americans are now be
ing turned back to form distinctive
United States units.
March rsictured on the man the
bulges Germany had made in the
line as it stood March 21, and ex
Plained that this stretched line was
66 miles greater than before. Such
an extension, backed bv the strength
of Germany's pressure, had made it
Imperative, he said, to throw in re
inforcements. And America had done
jltfs, while England, too, had increased
ner contribution. The need of Amer
ican troops, he added, was "pre-emi
nent" in the light of the four huge
smashes since March 21.
All of them, thnueh. "have been
stopped," he flatly stated. The latest
drive he conslrifirorl in h a Ktraieht-
5n'ng out process to remove a dan
gerous re-entrant menacing the Marne
German flanks. Paris, for the time be
fog, is the goal for the German arrow,
tot March said the obvious objectives
ere the channel ports and Paris. He
T0Uld Tint nriwlipt tfiot na vat tTie
Teuton blow would turn toward the
fcajor objective the ports.
activities of the Germans now
are toward Pn
the importance of the objectives from
' military standpoint the capture of
I channel ports would have a more
mediate effect upon teh prosecution
01 the war than a movement on Paris."
ASlde from thfi news P'ivAn hv March
j" to the success of troop shipments,
gators were told that the American
"upments are now sufficient to over
glance the wastage in the allied
'nes, caused by the German assaults.
mval of the Americans to fill up
"e gaps and strengthen the bends in
Jje :ne has had much to do with the
readown of all the drives to date,
l-'9 senators learned.
a nS Chref PerPlexity of the allied
tv Arerican chieftains at this time,
atta council Eai1. was that of gas
eit The sas had been used so
bartnS!Vely that 4t drove allies
jia, tear sas was tried effectively to
r the Wnrlr nf V. 4.ii
oe Russian embassy announced to-
ticinst- me Russians are now par-
"s m tne western strife,
PLAN BOYCOTT OF
1 s f
Sentiment Gr ; Fast to Clas
sify German As Outlaw
LOGICAL FOF RDSTEP
British Seamen's Union De
ckles to Boycott Shipping
For Five Years
15,000 SAILORS KILLED
Wilson Has Indicated Cnange
of View In That He Favors
Withholdidng of Raw
By FRANK P. MORSE.
Washington, D. C, June 15 A sen
timent that favors the classification of
Germany as an international outlaw
now and after the war, is steadily
crystaiizing throughout two hemi
spneres. Yesterday's reports from
London, which announce favorable dis
cussions of plans by the London board
of trade to boycott enemy countries
for at least one year after the conclu
sion of peace, and f or such further
period as may be desirable, is merely
a forward step in a drift, of thought
that grows more and more menacing
to the Teuton peoples. '
Eyery class of society in Great
Britain has openly or' silently ap
proved the recent decision of the
British seamen's ' union, one ' of the
most powerful labor organizations- in
theworld, to boycott German shipping
format least ;fire$yeart after theiTOr.
The .fleaindn "union has . kept a Rec
ord of British sailors hurried to their
death by U-boat pirates. Up to date
the tally is a little mor than 15,000
souls. The union has announced that
the period of the boycott ' will be -materially
increased if Germany persists
in her submarine war.
The British point of view is finding
favor in the United States. Converts
to the doctrine are being made In
Washington government circles. When
the United States chamber of com
merce, led by the Boston chamber,
first suggested a boycott on trade with
Germany after the war, tnere waai
strong opposition to the idea. Members I
of the administration, presumably in
a position to know, stated that Presi
dent Wilson disapproved the suggesH
tion. Whether or not they were au
thorized spokesmen for the president,
their statements went unchallenged.
If President Wilson did adhere firm
ly at that time to the belief that a
boycott on German products was un
qualifiedly undesirable, he has had
reason since to modify -his views. In
a recent message to congress he stat
ed that if the present government of
Germany was retained after the war,
and if it showed no evidence of a re
pentant attitude, but indicated a de
sire to prepare for another war, it
would become the duty of the United
! States to withhold from the Teuton
people teh raw materials required for
the manufacture of new weapons of
This eventuality is exceedingly like
ly to exist. The Berlin government
is becoming more unscrupulous each
monthjn the conduct of war, more ar
rogant in its discussions of peace pos
sibilities and more open in its honts
of a war that is to follow the conclu
sion pf the present hostilities. There
is abundant evidence that Germany,
if forced to accept a disadvantage
ous peace in the near future, would
set to work immediately on a scheme
of revenge against Great Britain and
the United States. ;
It is because of hese significant in
dications of sinif er intentions , that
Great Britain is openly discussing an
exclusion of Germany "and Austria
(Continued on Page Sixteen.)
TO END WAR BY 1920.
Washington, June 15. America
is driving to end the war by 1920.
Our full force will not be in the
war until next summer. It will
then take at least six months to
smash' across a victory and com
plete the political Jockeying for po
sition between the allies and the
central powers which would have
to precede an actual cessation of
This Is the government's plan of
action, it was learned on high of
ficial authority tonight.
All talk of immediate peace is
discarded by officials, who are con
centrating on 8wift act fan orv the
west front to end the war by Jan
uary, 1920. j
TCI iTfff nnurnp
Will Send fo Europe Greatest
Destroyer Force in History
TO RUSH CHASERS OVER
Fact Assured August -Will See
' Sub Danger Successfully 1
INCREASE ENLISTED MEN
Need Rear Admirals and Other
Officers to Command
Forces Soon to Be
- Washington, June -15. The coming
year will see America sweeping into
European waters with the greatest de
stroyer force in the history of the
In addition, during the next two
months submarine chasers ' will be
rushed abroad to battle the U-boat
These two facts, presented today to
the house naval committee "by navy
department officials,; brought home
the allied confidence : expressed some
months ago that August would see
the German submarine danger suc
cessfully coped with. And. the sur
prising development also served to
break down opposition in the commit
tee to Secretary Daniels, who urged
that the navy personnel be permanent
ly increased to 131,458 enlisted men.
The navy objectives were revealed
in letters written by dmirals Palmer
and Benson and Secretary Daniels,
communicated to the committee in
support of the navy personnel bill.
The letters revealed also a serious
lack in men fit to command in the
navy so serious in fact that Admiral
Palmer expressed fear that failure to
provide the officers would actually
endanger America's opportunities for
The cruised force, he paid, is un
prepared for soldier duty, since com.
manders of this force are in transport
work. Destroyer and submarine
forces to operate against surface craft
would have to be organized into squad
rons and there are now no officers to
command ; them. .
Two squadrons of destroyers abroad,
(Continued on Page Sixteen.)
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SHORT LINES WANT BE
PUT ON EQUAL. FOOTING
Ask Hoiise. Committee to Ex
tend Time of Release
Washington, June 15. Short line
railroads today asked that their fight
to be placed oh an equal footing with
other tines to be taken to the floor of
the house. "
Short line officials urged the house
interstate commerce .committee to
amend the joint resolution extending
the titrie when railroads may. be re
leased' 'from' " government control to
next January 1, so that no short line
road could be released unless comst
ing roads are released at the same
Chairman Sims, of ' the interstate
commerce, committee, promised a fur
ther hearing Monday 'when railroad
administration officials are expected
to appear against the plan.
Of Total, 1,143 . Have Been
Killed : in Action Since
Washington, June, 15. With losses
this week numbering 7.19, total casual
ties in the American .expeditionary
force abroad .since the beginning of
the war. amount to 8,034, tonight's
A summary follows:
Killed "Th '-action (including 291 at
Died ofmounds, 351. Died of dis
ease, 1,234. Died of accident fchd
other causes, 423.
Woune din action, 4,531. Missing in
action (including prisoners), 352. To
tal, 8,034. -
Weds Navy Lieutenant.
New York, June 15. The Twelfth
Reformed church, in Brooklyn, was
the scene of a large and brilliant wed
ding today, the contracting parties
being Miss Elsie Calder, daughter of
United States Senator and Mrs. Wil
liam' M. Calder, and Lieut. Robert
Corwin Lee,-U S. N. Lieut. Lee is
a son of William A. ee, of Blackfoot
Idaho, and was .graduated from the
Annapolis academy in 1910.
AMERICA S CASUALTY
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Is Preliminary to Long-Herald
ed Offensive on Italians
BECOMES MORE INTENSE
Cannonading Extended All die
Way Down Lagarina
Valley to Adriatic
JUST INSIDE FRONTIER
Effort Made by Austrians to
Take the Important To
nale Pass Prevented by
London, June 15. The Austrians at
dawn today be'gah a terrific bombard
ment on a TOO-mile front that may well
be the preliminary to the long-heralded
The Rome war office reported that
tne Italian artillery , repuea witn a
counter bombardment Which was be
coming more intense when the latest
word was . received from- the . front.
The. canonading extended from the
Legarina valley clear to the Adriatic
sea. The official, report said it was "of
extreme . violence" from the Asia s go
plateau, to. eastward of the Brenta
river, and also along the middle Pieve.
This included, more than half of the
entire. Italian front. The Legarine
valley extends north and south. The
battle lines across the' valley about
five miles- inside the Austrian frontier,
and about -25 miles due north of the
city of Verona.. From here the lines
run southeast1 to ' the vicinity of
Thiene; then northeast to the Pieve
river near Segusino, then following
the Paive southeastward to the sea.
The Asiago plateau lies between the
Lagarina' valley and the Brenta river,
directly north of the city of Vicenza.
The lines along the middle Plave pro
tect the Important city of Treviso,
which is only 15 miles north of Venice.
The Rome statement also reported
that another ' Austrian attempt yester
day to take the important Tonale pass
was prevented by the Italian batteries.
The entire west front was compara
tively quiet today. The French war
office reported artillery fighting be
tween Mbhtdidier and the Oise, south
of the A'ishe, west of Rheims and near
(Continued on Page' Sixteen.).
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3 MILLION t
ARMS BY II
Crowder Expects to Exhaust
Class 1 Early Next Year
MAY-WIDEN AGE LIMITS
Had! Rather Not Invade Mar
ried Men Class For Mili
WOULD ENROLL 18 TO 45
Will Be Necessary to Go on
With "Work or Fight
Order, Crowder Tells
Washington, June 15. Declaring
that the United States will have 3,000,
000 men under arms by August 1, and
that exhaustion of class 1 early next
year will force the war department
to go Into class 2 then, Provost Mar
shal General Crowder today opened
the fight in congress for widening the
scope of the draft law to include men
outside the present age limits of 21-31.
He appeared before the senate mili
tary affairs committee considering the
France bill to enroll every man be
tween 18 to 45 in some sort of war
On August 1 this year, Crowder said,
the draft will have yielded 2,000,000
men and enlistments 1,000,000 more,
making a, total of, 3.000,000 men in the
anticipated in th& first six months of
next year. With' class 1 then exhaust
ed, class. 2, containing only 509,666
men, will be speedily exhausted also,
If it is tapped. Class 3 has but 427,
870 men, and that also, would quickly
be used up at the expected rate of
calls. That would hring the war de
partment to class 4, the great "mar
ried men" class. The department;
General Crowder indicated, has no
wish to invade this class, but, ,he
stated, there is no way around it ex
cept to widen the draft age limits.
Another reason to widening the
draft's scope, Crowder said, is the
practical certainty that it will be
necessary to "go on and on" with the
"work or fight" order, adding new
occupations -from time to time.
Crowder frankly told the committee
that if the draft age is changed to in
clude other ages he can recruit all the
workers needed for agriculture, manu
factures, shipbuilding, mining and ev
ery other" essential industry without
In the ' least upsetting the present
Crowder also indicated to the com
mittee that when the 3,000,000 mark
has been passed it will be necessary
to revise the ordnance and quarter
master's programs, which are based
on a minimum army of 3,000,000.
Committee members asked Crowder
his opinlbn of the wisdom of appro
priating money for recruiting and
equipping a national guard for home
service. Senator Chambrelain said he
thought it a waste of money to build
up a forcethat could not be drafted
or enlisted In the federal, service.
"Such an; organization," said Gen
eral CrowdeT, could not be formed ex
cept with the understanding that it
could be drafted into &deml service.
But the war' department -lias no in
tentioh,' eo far as I khow of '-'dr&ffct
ing, or calling national guards. I do
not know whether, the situation on the
southern border may become such that
it will be necessary. The department
may have that in mind in approving
the formation of new national guard
OLD FRIENDS TO RETURN.
In response to a demand from
hundreds of children, and not a
few older persons, The Dispatch
has arranged to resume as early as
possible issuing every Sunday
morning a comic supplement of
four pages, arrangements to that
effect having- been made a few
days ago. This feature. is added
at a ctmslderaWe expense, but The
Dispatch is making the outlay feel
ing that the appreciation -of its ef
forts to" give " 'its more than six
thousand subscribers better service
will amply repay It Just as soon
as shipments of the comics can be
received we will have with us once
more' the Katzenjammer Kids, Bus
ter Brown ; and the other laugh
provokers so familiar to all kiddies
throughout the country.
Hindenburg Failed to Win
DRIVE HAS COUJVPSEDjf;
Week Is Anniversary of XJ. Sj
Troop Arrival and Allied
Test Is Realized by, Germax
Militarists That Horrible! :
Slaughter by Hindenburg Is
Itself a Debt
rsiATxr VAvlr TirriA IK rrm1 mm vri
developments in France have de-fv
stroyed all serious possibility of aJ
frermaTi virnrv Vnn TTfnflp-nTmrir
failed in his KtntrendniiR attnrtn. to xrfti! .r-
the war for Prussian militarism be-4
fore America is ready to make hen
strength felt along the west front.
Simultaneouslv with the coDaztse ofi
von Hindenburgs drivetoward Com-4 'I
p eigne announcement has been made.
American troops are now overseasr
These two factB bear a' relationship! , : '
that means democracy's final triumph,;
this week which marks the anniver . '
sary of the arrival of the first Amer
lean soldiers in France, marks also
the turning point for the allies alonsr
the west front. '
General Foch is now master of the'
situation. Von Hindenburg'e strate
gy of slaughter has been successfully!
held in check by General Foch's strat-i
egy of intellectual patience. No Ae4
gree of temptation has lured General
Foch into accepting an offensive oa
terms imposed by von Hindenburg
Under the most determined provoca-i
tion to which; any commander haaj
been subjected in the present war;
General Foch has followed his own'
Dlans with calmness and precision. t
He bas ,sacrlfld j,mXlt$ Jtottafa-Q
nel ports; and he has even risked alW
assault on Paris rather than use up 4
American troops m large nuaspers tor
The test between von Hindenburg
and Foch has culminated this week in
what is apparently a sudden realiza
tion among the German militarists
than von Hindenburgs horrible
slaughter of Germanhood is in itself aj
debt. The halting of the offensive to
ward Compiegne within a week of its
beginning is a confession of the exist
ence of serious alarm at the kaiser" sH
headquarters. Von Hindenburg's en-i
tenciements have been turned agatnstf
himself. Seeking to compel General? J
Foch to stake all on an allied offensive
at this time, von Hindenburg himself
has overdrawn his own reserve force;
The situation now facing the Ger
mans in France must become increas
ingly precarious with the fresh arri-;
val of more and more Americans.;
Since the original German offensive!
began on March 21, Hindenburg hasi :
increased the length of the west front
by 66 miles. He is compelled to find? -6,000
men to hold every new milo!
whereby the front is extended. With-'
In three months, therefore, von . Hin-
denburg has assumed the responslbiI- A
lty of finding some 400,000 more Ger-j
man troops to hold the west front
than was the case last March. This;
new call for German units comes at aj
time when America has begun to fill
the reserves of the allies with an lnl'
tlal contribution of 800,000 men.
The race Is too swife for von Hln-i
denburg. Germany cannot stand so'
terrible a drain on her man power, ',
which must be indefinitely conserved
to meet America's fast accumulation
of strength. Von Hindenburg is wear-.
ing his armies out as offensive com-
batants. Another blow or two may be. ' )
left to him, but only from sheer des- ?
peratlon. Among these Germans who - i V.
i know the facts, hope cannot longer
exist,- except for those who dwell per
manently in illusions that von Hin
denburg can gain a military victory In
France that will win the War.
M'ADOO HAS RETIRED TO
TWO WEEKS' SECLUSION
Washington, June 15. After ar
ranging a program for the operation
of the national railways and outlining
treasury department policies, William
G. McAdoo tonight retired to a two
week's seclusion.. The state of his
health has forced an absolute rest, for
that time or longer. . ' - -
McAdoo, with offices and a home at
White ' Sulphur Springs, W. Va: has
quit that place temporarily, it Is said,
and gone into hiding. s ' .
He has cleaned up his affairs tor, a
period lasting until the fourth liberty;
loan, expected in October.
Railroad affairs; it was stated, had
been left entirely In the hands of the
railroad cabinet. Assistant Dlrector
tJeneral HInefs will b3 in active charge.
McAdoo, - however, has lately en
larged the powers of several of. the
cabinet and the work of all has been
distributed. Treasury work is now
"virtually running itself," it was.
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