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Clr.'o's Payroll : .
Au rccates Sales Tax
Dt!rs up .Treaties
Tax Penalties Stand
PROGRESSIVE LIBERAL INDEPENDENT
VOL. XLVIII, NO. 3
FRANKLIN, N. C
THURSDAY, JAN. 19, 1933
V $1.50 PER YEAR
PRESENTS BUDGET MESSAGE
Governor J. C. B. Ehringhaus on
Monday night presented to the
general assembly the budget for
the two years opening July 1, 1933,
as recommended by the advisory
budget commission with total ap
propriations of $82,250,000 suggested
for the next biennium as compared
with ." $104,815,000 for the current
one, the reduction to be made
chiefly through the slashing pf sal
aries. The governor opposed the
budget proposal to divert $2,000,000
from the highway fund to the gen
eral fundr and also the refunding
$2,908,000 of general fund , bonds
which will mature. He did not
suggest means for new revenue to
make up this difference. v
REFUSE TO ABOLISH TAX
A bill by Representative Bowie
of Ashe county to abolish .tax-penalties'
was .killed by a vote of 62
to 54 in the lower house of the
General Assembly Tuesday after an
hour's debate. ''.' The joint finance
committee of the house and Sen
ate approved the recommendation
for removal of the 15 cent state
wide land tax for schools, but vot
ed against' a proposal "for refund"
ing bond maturities during the next
two years. The, bill to abolish tax
penalties was opposed by the State
Association of County commission
ers on the ground that it would
delay tax collections to such an
extent that it would force many
Counties to default on their bond
payments and bring on virtual
HENRY BURKE TO QUIT
Hnry Burke, fiscal director of
the state in the last two adminis
trations," has announced he will
shortly terminate his. services in
North Carolina. He has held the
nominal title of assistant director
of the budget.
STATE- PAYROLL $24,646,401
North Carolina last year paid its
public servants $24,646,401, the di
rector ...of. personnel jeports. School
officers and teachers were paid
$13,427,515, highway . employes, .$5,-1
123.542, educational institutions sal
aries $3,298,200, bureaus and com
mission salaries $1,602,310, charit
able and correctional . institutions
$836,798, and judiciary salaries $358,
036. 5UGUE5TS 5UKKY
Attorney General Dennis Brtyji
mitt has reported to Solicitor Car
lisle Higgins that , findings on ir
regularities in Surry county in the
last primary, justify indictments
against six citizens. The attorney
general direcfed a probe at Dob
son on June 24 and 25.
HOOVER FOR SALES TAX
A low general sales tax . on all
commodities except food and cheap
elothine was urced by President
Hoover in a special message Tead
to Congress Tuesday. The presi
dent reminded the lawmakers that
the -budget must be balanced and
scored them for "disappointing" re
sults in appropriation reductions.
STANDS BY TREATIES
"American foreign policy must
uphold .the sanctity of internation
al treaties," President-elect Roose
velt declared in a stotement Tues
day, one of his first on official pol
icy. He declined to comment di
rectly on the Japanese-Chinese con
flict or any other specific instance,
declaring that statements regarding
any particular foreign situation
must come from the secretary of
9 Charged with Driving .
Cars without Licenses
. Warrants charging nine persons
with, operating private automobiles
ontaxis without new licenses were
sworn out Wednesday by . W. C.
Martin, state license inspector,
"An inspector and a motorcycle
- patrolman - visited . Franklin- arly
last week checking up on license
plates,' but no arrests were inade. r"
Dr. W. A. Rogers Named
Dr. Wiley , A. Rogers has been
reelected county physician by the
county board of health, which is
composed of Walter Gibson, chair
man of the county board of com
missioners; George B, Patton, may
or of Franklin; Dr. S. R Lyic,
i chairman of the county board of
education; M. D. Billings, county
superintendent of schools, and Dr.
It. T. Horsiey.
WOULD (BARGE .
C. L. Ingram Introduces 2
Bills Pertaining to
Would Let People Vote on
Whether To Employ
A bill, to prohibit the use of the
absentee ballot in Macon county
"except .in the ruse where voters
actually in the township where they
desire . to vote are physically un
able to attend the-polls on account
of sickness," was introduced in the
legislature last week by Represen
tative . Charles L. Ingram. -,
Another bill introduced by Rep
resentative Ingram provides for the
election of a. chairman of the coun
ty board "of commissioners at the
November. 19-34. election. The
ch airman '"' of "tl i'c " commis si on;tih d ef
the existing law, Is. elected by" the
commissioners themselves."' This
bil lalso would submit to a. vote
of the ueonle the ouestion of
'whether the county should employ
a farm demonstration agent. If
the vote should be affirmative, the
county 'commissioners would be
, authorized to - appoint a county
agent. The county budget for. the
current year carries an appropria
tion of $1,080 for the farm demon
stration agent. This is, matched
by an equal amount by the state
and, federal governments. ,
. Pollution Bill '
A storm of protest has been
evoked by a bill by Representative
Randolph of Swain county to pro
hibit the pollution of the Tucka
seegee and Tennessee rivers and
their tributaries is Macon, Swain
and Jackson counties. This measure-
Lor. cause to be discharged
into the -waters of the Tuckaseegee
or Tennessee rivers in the coun-
ties of . Jackson,.. Macon and Swain,
or any of the tributaries thereof,
any deleterious or poisonous sub
stance or substances injurious to
fish, health of stock or people, or
any substance whatsoever wdiich
has a tendency to render the wat
ers offensive or discolor them so
;-to kstroy- the- beauty-tyT A
X X x." .--'
The newly organized . Western
North Carolina manufacturers as
sociation, through its representa
tive, W. A. Egerton, of Asheville,
is .planning to put up a strong
fight against the bill. Representa
tives Dan Tompkins of Jackson, G.
W. Cover, Jr., of Cherokee,, and i
W. A. Sullivan of Buncombe have
expressed their opposition to the
The Randolph bill has created a
rift among western representatives
with the result that it may become
one of the hardest fought meas
ures of the early session.
Sanders Infant Dies
Lawrnce Sanders, three-months-
old son of Mr. and Mrs. Mitchell
Sanders, died at their home on
Watauga January 11 at 10 o clock
after an illness of several days.
Funeral services were held at
the Watauga Baptist church
Thursday afternoon at 3 o'clock.
Survivine are his parents, five
brothers and sister.
WILSON'S DAUGHTER DIES
Mrs. Jcssiij Sayrc, daughter of
Woodrow Wilson, herself active in
state and'national politics, died at
Cambridge, Mass., on Sunday. She
underwent .an operation, oojsatur
Child's Skull Fractured
When Struck by Auto
"DauT Watktns, 'two' "and ' a "half j pavement were neasure.(l, showing
year old fni of- Mr-r- and Mrs. ...W.i that .he had . skidded 93 feet.
D, 'Warkins, suffered a fractured The littlo boy' was taken to the
skull' and a bursted ear drum when
struck by an automobile on high
way 285 near the Log ..Cabin fill
ing s'tatioti about 3 o'clock Monday
The child was said 'to have run
into the street irk the path of the
oncoming automobile. ' His mother
and a nurse witnessed the acci
dent. IV driver of the car, who
gave his name as Leo M. Diggs,
of Detroit, Mich., put on his brakes
and was said to have attempted to
swerve out of the way of the
child. Later tirfl marks on the
iculite, New Mineral
Used in Insulating Steel
Houses, Now Being Mined
Macon county, for .many years a
rich source of mica and other non
metallic minerals, is now supplying
the outside world with a new ma
terial dug from its rocky moun
tainsides. Vermiculite is its' tech
nical name and one of its uses is
as an insulation core for the ultra
modern steel , houses now being
tried out in eastern metropolitan
It is also thought that vermicu
lite, which is a form of mica with
brownish' gold color, may be used
for other purposes, and experi
ments are reported to be under
way with view to its use in the
manufacture of roofing and paints.
The first carload of vermiculite
to be shipped in the eastern part
of the United States was loaded
out of Franklin last week by Phil
ip S, Hoyt. This is. the second
new rulneral " which has been de
veloped in this section and intro-lter
duced to industrial users by Mr.
IlOy t-mnln gngln
quarters here. The first was kya
nite, which he reports is beinf
shipped on a very encouraging and
steady basis! Kyanite is used in
high class refractory brick for fur
naces .'4 that must: withstand great
heat, and- also in some spark plugs.
A third new mineral, Mr. tioyt
told The' Press, is now in coyrsc
10 Franklin Men Taking
Thirty-three men, " Including 10
from Franklin, attended the first
session ofthe" Scout Leaders'
Training .School-Thursday night at
the high school building in Sylva
The" men were -welcomed by - Prof
W. C. Reed, chairman of the
Smoky Mountains district of the
Boy Scouts and J. H. Kirk, chair
man of the training committee for
the district. Three other sessions
e V ne second " and third are -to
be held at Sylva on Thursday
night. January 19 and 26 and the
final session will be held at the
Cherokee school on Friday after
noon and Saturday, February 3
The course is open to anyone
mterestea in ooys ana is pari oi
scout leaders. Certificates are
awarded by the national council of
the Boy Scouts of America to all
those who complete the work. A.
W. Allen, of Asheville, scout ex
ecutive, s-dircctor--and -ibeing
assisted - by Fred C Lockwood.
After completion of the course,
several 7 Scout - troops-will - be or
ganized in the Smoky Mountains
district, - including .Sylva, Franklin
are already operating at Brysoti
City and Cherokee. ,
Those attending the course last
Thursday night from Franklin
were Ed Eaton, Paul Carpenter,
Harley Cabe, Arthur Flanagan, Don
Young, J. . D. Franks, Dick Slagle,
R. R. Smithwick, James B. Por
ter, J, D. Seastrunk.
BEAD CHOKES CHILD .
Joretta Hedrick, 20 months,
Thomasville, tried to swallow a
bead on Saturday morning. It lodg
ed in her windpipe. She died Sun
day morning in a Charlotte hos
pitat. , . . '.-.'
hospital.- Claiming that the acci
dent was unavoidable, Mr. Diggs
persuaded Mrs. Watkins to sign a
statement ' releasing him of any
blame. Later, however, Mr. Wat
kins swore out a warrant for Din :; !,
who was arrested in 'Gainesville.
Ga. The next day Mr.; Watkins
decided not to prosecute and Di
was released from, custody.
Little Dan was reported improved
Wednesday and was taken home.
Mr. Watkins recently came to
Franklin as an engineer for the
State Highway Commission.
of development and he hopes soon
to add this 'to the list "of new
minerals being, pioneered in the
southeastern states. He - declined'
to reveal the name of this new
mineral. , .
"The outlook for non-metallic
minerals, particularly those that
can be introduced to the" large in
dustries, is very ... good,". Mr. Hoyt
said, "and some negotiations are
now in progress for the movement
of considerable, quantities of vermi
culite." A group of men from New Jer
sey interested in the development
of vermiculite visited Macon coun
ty last week but they did not di
vulge their plans. They are ex
pected, however, to return later.
Increased interest is also being
.shown in this , county's mica re
sources., i new mica mining en
terpriselias been started by Wal
H. Winley and a Mr. Ballen-
tme, both of Asheville, on the
11 miles northeast of Franklin. A
wall mica punching plant has been
built near the old 'Rnaslcy mine
No. 2 and four punching machines
installed. 'Power is 10 be furnished
by the Western Carolina Utilities,
Tnc, It is -estimated that when
fhe ton-mam-' operates at caoacitv
it will employ -20 to 25 men.
Thieves Enter A & P Store,
. Arnold's Cafe
The Atlantic and Pacific Tea
company's store was robbed of
Tricrchandi sc "valued at "$35 "lu $10
and $1.23 in cash Wednesday night.
1 1 was the third store robbery in
Franklin, in ... the past -10 ... days
When employes of the store went
to work Thursday morning they
discovered that the cash drawer
had been rifled and a sack of
coffee, all the loose cigareetes and
some other tobacco had been Te-movc-d.
broken-through -the -rear-transom.
The only clue they left was a
12-inch footprint, i
A store room of the Farmers
Supply company, back of the Star
Market in the same building, also
was entered, but a preliminary
checkup showed that nothing was
missing. Red Cross flour as well
as other groceries were stored in
Arnold's cafe was entered last
Saturday night and Fred Arnold,
proprietor reported that between
$27 and $35 had been removed from
the cash register. "Entry had been
made through -a -"basement door'
Early last week thieves placed
a plank from the alley to the sill
of a rear "window" of " Moses TTJhf
tnenthal's store. They broke
t h roii ph " "t 1 i e" wi ndow and got away
wj th abou t $6 in casfii
chandise valued at about $40.
Tuesday night two suspicious
young men in a small roadster
abandoned their car aild fled when
they were given chase. The car
was held, but its occupants have
not been caught.
No arrests have been made in
connection with any of the rob
beries. Alarmed- over the repeated
store robberies, Franklin merchants
have started a movement to se
cure night police protection.
C. A.Duvall Dies at Home
At Young Cane. Ga.
C. A. Duvall, 68, died at his
home in Young Cane, Ga., on Fri
day, Dec. 22, 1932, after an illness
of several months.
Mr. Duvall was born and reared
in - Macon county, having spent
many years here before moving to
He was a member of the .Meth
Young Cane Masonic order, and
was a representative to the state
legislature one term.
He is survived by his widow,
Mrs. Lillie Duvall, daughter of the
late Joseph Morgan, of Macon
county, '.one daughter, Mrs. Roy
Rogers, two brothers and two sis
ters and other close relatives and
friends' in Macon comity who will
regret to learn of his death.
A group of ' Orange County
farmers have raised funds to buy
a Perchcron stallion. One farmer
has bought a pure bred mare. '
Results of 5-10 Program
Reviewed at Meeting
MACON MEN ATTEND
Franks Cites Improve
ments Brought about
In This County
Reports from 18 western North
Carolina- counties reflecting great
strides in agriculture, especially in
improvement of stock ami in attain
ing a greater self-sufficiency on
hundreds of individual' farms, were
submitted at a farm meeting in
Asheville Monday night celebrating
the first anniversary of the W, N.
C. 5-10 Year Farm Program.
H. Arthur Osborne, of Haywood
county, was reelected chairman of
the regional council directing the
A large group from Macon coun-ty,-iicaded."i)r7anLfiGaikst:
courtty chairman of the movement,
and Fred S. Sloan, county farm
agent, attended the meeting. .
. Reporting on progress made in
this county last year Mr. Franks
said community committees' of five
m Tihefs er'.rh hud bn n 'organized
in the 47 school districts of the
county to further the 5-10 Year
Program, to encourage the' live-at-home,
movement 'and' to direct local
welfare work. Tlie;e colnmittees.
Springs, Union, Patton, lotla Car
toogechaye and bethel. The coun
tywide program he estimated, had
reached 1,800 persons and ." 1,100
"Two fairs were held," Mr.
Franks told the gathering at" "Ashe
ville, "one by the vocational agri-cultnre-class-at-thc
school and one by the arfoo;.e
chaye community organizatinm
"More outlets for farm -products
have been obtained by the or
ganized community groups and the
farmers have jnade a saving oi
approximately $3,000 by cooperative
sales. This was brought about
through the organized effort of
fanners" tu go iiroTeriifcTtly"to"thc
consumer, ' such as Til the " coop
erative cattle sale."
Citing improvement in Macon
county agriculture during the last
year, Mr. Franks pointed out:
Twenty-nx Poland . China sows
and 14 boars placed in 14 com
munities. Six Guernsey bulls, two' short
horn bulls, four Hereford bulls,
six Hereford heifers and two
Guernsey heifers were placed in
Four thousand purebred chicks
were placed. , .
Twelve thousand,;, five hundred
pounds lespedeza. seed,, sufficient
for 500 acres, were bought, repre-
senting an increase over the pre
vious year of 200 per cent.
A .500 per cent increase in. peas
IN FARM WOR
Three purebred rams brought in
to the county.
Twenty winter cover crop dem
onstration projects sponsored by
the Franklin Rotary club.
Twenty-five per cent increase in
Erection of two sweet potato cur
ing houses, 14 farrowing houses,
five brooder houses and three
Improvement in home beautifica
tion and home gardens.
A box supper for the benefit of
the Cowec baseball team will be
held Friday night, January 27, at
7:30 o'clock at the Cowee school
In Fall from High Bank
"The" condition' of Colonel ' 1 lenry
Robertson, Franklin attorney, who
was found unconscious last Satur
day night after a fall from a high
bank on the Georgia road, was re
ported greatly improved Wednes
day and he was dismissed from
Angel Brothers' hospital.
' After visiting the home 'of Rob
ert Davis, a neighbor, Colonel
Robertson started back to his home.
He is believed to have, lost- the
path in the darkness and fallen
down the bank, about 10 feet high,
striking his head on the concrete
1931 Tax Sale
Tho town council at a called
meeting Monday afternoon vot
ed to rescind an order approved
at it December meeting direct
ing the sale of all real property
upon which taxes for the yeiar
1931 had not been paid.
This action came after R. S.
Jones, Attorney, had protested
to Mayor Patton that the sate
would be invalid, because the
law provides for Such sales to
be advertised in May and sold
the second Monday in June of
the year immediately following
the year for which taxes are de
linquent. He contended that in
asmuch as the law did not pro
vide for any extension of time,
the council had no Euthority to
sell at this time. The last leg
islature authorized extensions
on delinquent taxes prior to
1930, but this extension is said
to have run out and question
has been raised as to the valid
ity of the town's tax sale for
1930 delinquencies, conducted
Jarjuary 9, this year. Plans are
under way, however, to get a
special act through the legisla
ture to validate this sale and
any others which might be
Mrs. Margaret Ordway
"Asks For Volunteers
ZZZTo Aid in TaskZZZ
.Asuggestion.that the public
library in the Masonic hall be re
opened is contained in' a letter re
ceived by The Press " fronTMrs.
Margaret Ordway, who recently
moved here from Highlands. The
K,, i . c i,.l,: ...:.u ,u. c
uy J. UUU1I13UU Willi U1C CUU Ul
other m.blic sniritprl ritiromi rnn-!M
tains many valuable books. Sever-.
al years ago the library ceased toi
function, but the books still re-
"If seems most regrettable,"
wrote Mrs. Ordway, "that the
books reported to be in the- Ma
sonic building, and which once con
stituted a semi-public library,
should no longer be accessible.
"It has been suggested that if
there': .were .'pluntceKfprthe.task
ofeleaning, dusting and . distribut
ing, it might be possible to reopen
the room. I would be very glad
to assist others in this service, so
essential to the welfare ' of every
Clifton Bradley Dies
Of Heart Disease
Clifton Bradley, 20, prominent
farmer of the Otto section, died
at his home Sunday afternoon at
1 o'clock. Heart disease was the
cause of his dcath.
""'Ftincrah"scrviccswcre held at
the Asbury Methodist church Mon
day afternoon, with the Rev. J.
B. Tabor, Jr., pastor, assisted by
I the Rev. John L, Teague, having
.charge of the services.
Mr. Bradley is survived by his
.mother, Mrs. Ella Bradley and
grandmother, Mrs. Nansy Bradley,
l both of Otto.
" A passingniotofis'frsaw' the ' pros1
trate form and notified Police
Chief R. F. Henry, who went to
investigate. Chief Henry, who
brought the co'o;- 1 to town, said
he was unc nseious and almost
frozen. T was found in a ditch
br:!'' "iV. road, barely out of the
, , of passing automobiles. He
was found about 10 o'clock and it
is thought that he fell about 30
The colonel's injury was diagnosed
as concussion of the brain. He
did not regain consciousness until
Hearing of "T. F.M Case
Expected To Be Held
JUDGE ISSTILL ILL
Better Business Expected
As Poles and Ties
Settlement of the fate of the
Tallulah Falls railway again has
been delayed on account of the
illness of Judge E. Marvin Under
wood of the United States Dis
trict ixourt of northern Georgia. ' :
Franklin business men, of course,
are properly concerned for the
judge's health, but they hope fur
ther delays will occur. Maybe, if
the date for a hearing on "Judge"
Gray's petition, seeking authority
as receiver for the line to dis
continue its operation, can be post
poned long enough, good times will
return and it won't be necessary
to shut down the railroad.
There are some indications, ac
cording to Mr. Terry, freight so
licitor, that good times are return
ing. Poles and cross ties are be
ginning to move out. Some road
machinery and materials are com
ing in. Mineral shipments also
show some increase.
The hearing before Judge Un
derwood was set for last Saturday
morning after having been post
poned from the previous Saturday.
Friday night, however, word came
that .Judge Underwood was still
confined to his home on account
yesterday - that Jie expected the
1 ...IJ k. L.U WT-A-
licai nig nvuiu fcC ..u.u HAl 11
definitely for several days. :
: gt , 1
ClVll IJaSCS On lAleM
dar; Judge Frank S.
Hill To Preside
A three-weeks special term of
Macon county superior- court is
scheduled to convene Monday with
Judge Frank S. Hill, of Murphy,
"r-sidiwr. Judee Hill, who" wamiS-"
pointed to the bench by Governor
Gardner last fall following the
death of Judge Cameron McRae, .
presided at the last week ' of the
November term of Macon tounty.
court. -'-- -
The calendar for the special term
opening Monday is one of the
longest on record in this county.
It lists 77 cases for trial, many of
them havincr been reoeatedlv con
tinued from previous terms.
Nineteen of the cases have' been
brought by the State Park com
mission against various, individ
uals to collect on notes" pledging
donations to the park body for ac
quisition of land for the Great
Smoky Mountains National Park.
To Be Held January 29
The Macon County Singing Con
vention will meet at the courthouse
here on Sunday, Jan. 29, at 10
o'clock for an all day singing.
Classes are expected from.all com-
mnnitip in Marnn miintv'
from Swain, Clay, Jackson,"Xhero
kee and Haywood counties; Geor
gia and South Carolina. -
Death Claims Little .
Jettama Corbin, two-year-old
daughter of Mr.- and Mrs. W.-.T.
Corbin, .. died at the home , of ker
parents on Watauga Friday, Jan
uary 13 at 11:30 and was burled
at the Watauga Baptist church
Saturday afternoon with the Rev.
Mr. Queen, pastor, having charge
of the services.
Surviving are her, parents and
two small brothers.
VETOES PHILIPPINE BILL
The measure giving 'the Philip
pine Islands independence in 10
years, was vetoed last week by;
President Hoover. On Friday, the
lower house passed the measure
over his veto by 274 to W. ;
' :,r ':