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THE FRANKLIN PRESS and THE HIGHLANDS MACON IAN
Tt'i r- r v FT"-! 2 t
fits 'tnttklin TjjsjLxtzz
Published every Thursday by The Franklin Press
At Franklin, North Carolina
Telephone No. 24
BLACKBURN W. JOHNSON........... EDITOR AND , PUBLISHER
Entered at the Post Office, Franklin,
North Carolina i
Sue Months .
Single Copy . .
Obituary notices, cards of thanks,
lodges, churches, organizations or
tiling and inserted at regular classified advertising rates. Such notices
will be marked adv. in compliance
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This u the first of a aerie of editorial!
concerning the Tallulah Falls Railway ami the crisis which faces
the territory it serves on account of the threatened discontinuance
of the line. These editorials have been prepared by the editors
of The Franklin Press, The Clayton Tribune, the Tri-Cpunty Ad
vertiser (Clarkesville, Ga.) and The Northeast Georgian (Cornelia,
Ga.) and will be published in each of these newspapers.)
It's Time To Switch Horses
IX7HEN. one starts looking into the history of the
" Tallulah Falls Railway he invariably runs across
all sorts of rumors and reports that the Southern
Railroad 'would toe-glad ha vcheiles "tracK
from Cornelia, Ga'., "to Franklin, N. C, torn up and
thrown into the discard. Looking further, one finds
that the axe has been held over the line for many
years, but the wielders for some reason have been
hesitant about letting the blade fall.
There is no doubt that the Southern has hold of
the axe handle. Although efforts were made to keep
JJiisfact-intheark-ipr--along time, iu inevitably
came to light. Now it is common knowledge that
the Southern holds the bonds, or at least control over
them, and is also the road's largest creditor.
The line paid handsomely, according to reports, un
til it was thrown into receivership in June, 1923.
Since then it has occupied a position in the Southern
Railroad family very much like that of a step-child.
"Some years it has paid operating expenses, some
years it has not. : "
ened in a voice that had the
Southern that unless the
roadthc T.-F.".) more extensively, it mighrjose its
service all together. Thecry-Df " Wolf i Wolf " be-
came so persistent and hollow that the public began
to disregard it, believing
abandon the "T: F.", lest other rail interests ... gain
would have helped this country immeasurably, but it
would have resulted in serious competition for the
Southern's trunk routes.
We do not know for a
had any such destructive
has denied" it. We recite
gives room for grave suspicions.
Now, with the Southern as well as the "T. F." los
ing money hand over fist, the threat of abandonment
has become really serious. Judge Gray has obtained
permission Jrom the i JJnited States District Court for
Interstate Commerce Commission for authority to
discontinue operation of therbad. Thedepression
has greatly reduced large
uces and nMeralsT
taken the cream of its smaller traffic
If the Southern has a plan to junk the "T- F." the
time is propitious for doing so. Perhaps now the
southern can close down the road and tear up the
franchise, blocking for all time any likelihood of its
: falling into other, hands, the possibility of extension.
But the Southern. has no such deep-dyed intentions
So Judge Gray .has asserted. .
Perhaps not. But if the Southern is sincerely in
terested in the development of this territory, why
shouldn't it first try a new
. incr the whole railroad into
Gray's receivership, one is struck by' the tone of pes
simism that has pervaded the whole organization,
filtering down from the receiver to the lesser em
ployes. It has been such an attitude as would pre
clude anything of a progressive,-constructive nature
In seeking authority to
receiver admits that he has
' on its feet. But, an outsider asks, why close down a
' business, without first trying new management? . A
younger, more capable, more energetic receiver might
still be able to accomplish something. Shall con
sideration for one man weigh heavier with the powers
that be, than the welfare of thousands of people and
the development of an area nearly as large as some
of our states?
We may be in mid-stream, but it would be far better
to change horses than to
N. C, as second class matter.
tributes of respect, by individuals,
societies, will be regarded as adver
with the postal regulations.
-unmistakable echo of the
public patronized the rail
that the Southern dared not
fact that the Southern has
design in mind. Judge Gray
only the situation, which
shipments of forest prod
management before cast
of the- line under Judge
discontinue operation the
failed to put the "T. F."
arown on tne oacK ot one
The Church's Function
By Rev. Norvin C. Duncan
Rector of St. Ague Episcopal Church, Franklin, and
the Church of the Incarnation, Highland
It is sometimes maintained that
religion is impractical, and that the
the practical affairs of--lite. On
the other hand, the religionist has
ample evidence for maintaining
that religion is vital and necessary
to all life. The work of the
church is creative. It is her mis
sion to make a good man, a good
citizen; and then she must trust
his character to express itself, and
to work itself out, in his living
and in all his relationships and
duties of life.
It is not the church's function
and mission to prescribe limits, but
to make character, and give it large
room in which to express itself.
It is not the church's business to
teach any particular branch of
science, but to make a man of
such character that he will use his
scientific knowledge towards the
highest and noblest purposes of
life. ' She must furnish motives, in
spirations and . guidance, but , she
must give the utmost freedom for
the individual to work out his own
CONSERVATION IN DANGER
OVER the past week, addition
al bills have been introduced
... . e 1.
at Raleigh the enactment 01 wnicn
inevitably will mean progressive
disintegration of what has been
wild life in the forests "and streams.
That some important and help
ful changes could be made in the
laws bearing upon hunting and
fishing is conceded by persons
conversant with tht facts. But this
small flood of local bills flowing
into the Legislature have another
These measures seek exemption
for hunting license, fishing licenser
or both, for the citizens of counties
here and there and particularly in
Western North Carolina.
The arguments for such bill? ar:
perhaps plausible but wh'.'y un
sound. "My constituents," will say
Represestative So and So, "are
now hard-pressed by the world
economic adversity. I ask this body
to "free them from the burden of
a license - tax -when they want to
go fishing or hunting,"
As for-the revenuetobe--derive.di
under the game and fish laws, the
legislative-spokesmen for the com-j
remain in effect upon visiting hunt
ereOTdanglers ; for, after all,-that
is 1he real -source -of -any ippre-ciable-4ncome-under-theselaws,
It sounds simple and satisfactory
enough, but,,, it won't Jb.ear analysis.
For, if you once start free hunt
lngand'fishingagainrthesnM'l? will in a few yeans be sadly di
minished and the invitation of the
counties to the tourist sportsmen
will fall on ears wary if not deaf.
Word will go out that the moun
tain counties have lost the attrac
tions they once possessed for hunt
ers and fishermen.
And, as to this latter point, it is
common knowledge that, in the
western counties especially, only a
beginning has been made in re
stocking the streams and in pro
tecting the wild life of the forests
in adequate measure.
Should we now throw away . thi;
effort and -expense-tpf -years 1
This issue will not at once ap
peal to the members of the Legis
lature from the far east, since there
the natural conditions afford wild
tif ea? bettcrTraturaiTotcctTon
than exists in this section.
But, if the question were proper
ly placed before the , Legislature
the men from the east surely would
recognize the short-sightedness of
the proposals for radical wiping
out of protective regulations in the
Some day the mountain counties
should become a paradise, in the
old phrase," for hunters and fishermen.-
But that day will never come
except by the most scrupulous and
long-continued practice of intel
vjimu mc siaic nuw, 111 uic name
ri i- r 11 j .
of economy, relief, alleged social
:..: . . "'r .v
justice, or what not, begin the ut-
ter destruction of the small struc -
ture of conservation erected slowly
over the course of recent years?
There is real probability that this
deplorable policy may be sanction
ed by the Legislature unless the
supporters of conservation for wild
life now make their protests heard
in Raleigh.-THE ASHEVILLE
Consider South Carolina!
Down where the sales tax: begins
they are faced with an acute sit
uation. The state owes much mon
ey. It has a sizeable deficit. It
is unable to pay . employees, and
school teachers in addition to fac
ing sharply-reduced salaries are
facing a condition of no salaries
Last year's appropriations by the
South Carolina Legislature were
life. There is very little room for
choice between the Roman claim
of papal authority and protestant
legislation to control man's ac
tions. The protestant world will
do well to consider what has al
ways happened when the human
mind and 'conscience are too close
The other day Mrs. Franklin D.
Roosevelt uttered a great truth
in a short sentence. She said,
"Chaperanes are a poor Substitute
for character." About a year ago
Albert J. Nock, in an article in
"The Atlantic" said, "We have had
a greater social preoccupation with
money,- than - with the quality of
human character, and the direction
ofTfs dev"eTcmeht What a per
son does with his money, or any
social Icavcrp.RC under his control
depends finally on the kind of
person he is " The church, the I
home, the school must unite today
and cooperate in an intelligent ef
fort to malre pjod men and good
women and then we shall have a
good social order.
approximately $9,400,000. This year
the ways and means committee
has been instructed to report out
a MI -appropriating no more-than
$5,000,000, and it has done so.' To
become law, of course, the measure
houses of the Assembly. "
served we cannot say, nor can any
one. But it is plain to see never
theless that with due regard for
legislatures in general the South
Carolina body has tackled the ques
tion of appropriations from a com
pletely novel angle.
If has said,' "We can raise $57
000,000. That is the amount we
may ' spend." Iostaywithin the
prescribed figure it has been neces
sary for the committee to reduce
and abolish functions and agencies
without very much regard for their
worthiness. It has limited all sal
aries, .even the Governor's, to a
maximum of $3,500. It has dimin
ished public school aid by half. It
has cut appropriations to State
cent of last year s already reduced
allotments."" " " " 7"
All of which is distressing, vet,
candidlyr-notto" be-censured. -For
we - know -of - no means by which
"Countless 'farmers have for notP"
ing what a great -many city folks
would - pay good - money- forthe
pppoiiunit vQLsliOQ.t.gamcJ'h ey
"Cait get-rsome of--this money the
city sportsman would so gladly
spend by raising game, stocking
farm land and selling the hunting
rights. In short the farmers can
have their cake and eat it too.
That it is perfectly possible to
sell hunting rights is indicated by
that have been organized here and
"We all know there are hun
dreds of men in this state who
would gladly pay and pay quite
lavishly for the' privilege of having
a good shoot, says Pierre Garvcn
former member of the Nevada' fish
then proceeds to point out that
lheraisingof game bifds-quail,
pheasant, etc., can be made a
profit able s i d e line on farm s in
Nevada, lust as has been the 'case
in other states.
It is true, of course, .that the
best farm land for hunting is that
with plenty of natural cover. The
game birds can be raised in cap
tivity, however, then sold to
sportsmen to be set free elsewhere.
Raising quail and pheasant in
captivity is no . trick. There are
and private, that produce thous
ands of birds each year. One. that
is typical of others is the Wicomi
co State game farm in the out
skirts of Salisbury, - Maryland.
a....1 C ruv .
Around 5,000 young quail consti-
... ior - tu- t
tutes- the -1932 crop. - This farm
ctr. . frnm . .. tU-
;: " ' r, lT
jrcais jgu. liaitning aim uroouing
are done; .artificially. Commercial
rations are used.
In some sections best results
in protection of game birds will
call for trapping of furbearing
animals which .are enemies oLbird
life. The income from pelts con
stitutes another source of income
-THE NATIONAL, FARM
NEW PRESIDENT IS 51
Franklin D. Roosevelt, who be
comes president of the United
States on March 4, celebrated his
51st birthday, Sunday, at His win
ter' home in Warm Springs, Ga.
On the same day he reached agree
ment with the British ambassador
to dpen debt adjustment conferenc
es at Washington, early in March.
When There's a Coy
fK TOTHINKOF ... Vflf , j
iy RUNNIN THROUGH ' .
1 Jar nr - 1 wt
I tim-mie! t
. 1 1 DID YOU BRUSH)
'toSlMW Wk: VoUft TEETH? M
li...'r. J Now!
. MORNING. '' 111'"' J!0: " '
Your Farm - How to Make It Pay
Raise More Mules
HILE- -the-fiorse arid mule
population of North Carolina
steadily decreases and those now
on farms grow older, little effort
is being made to grow replace
ments. Ralph H. Rogers of the depart
ment of agricultural economics at
State-college says that-4f -business
conditions wereio improve - the
price of mules would jump to the
extent that fewfarmer s-wouldbe
able to buy good -mules. Yet, Mr.
Rogers points out that horse and
mule power is staging a comeback
all over the nation. The tractor
i s . now ?nos t too expensive and
farmers can grow the motive fuel
on which mules andTiofses"are
One North Carolina farmer who
4sJtEt Snider -of Liawoody-Route
1, Davidson county. At present
Mr. Snider has four good work
horses, two ' mule colts nearly two
years old, two mule colts nearly
one year old, one three-year-old
horse colt and one registered Jack.
"If a man wants horses or
mules, he should raise them," says
Mr. Snider. "If he does not, he
had just as well -prepare to pay a
good price for them in the near
future." Mr. Snider says it does
not cost very much to raise the
colts and they are easy to care for.
Experiments made some years
ago-- at : State -collegetshow - that; a
two-ycnrTflld tolr-whiclnvill sell at
from $75 to $100 will cost about
$Ci0 to raise. Where only home
grown feeds are used, such as are
now being produced inthe state,
It i slfl elyTha t "ffiFostwfll "be
NEW FARM BULLETINS
Two new and valuable publica
tions have been prepared and print
ed by the Agricultural Extension
Service and are now ready for
distribution to citizens of ' North
Carolina on request. These pub
lications are Extension Circular
193, "Feeding and Care of the
Dairy Cow," by John A. Arey and
A. C. Kitnrey of the animal hus
bandry department, and Extension
Circular 194 , "The Agricultural
Outlook For 1933," by the depart
ment of . agricultural economics
Seventeen flocks containing more
than 2,000 birds were blood-tested
for bacillary white diarrhea in
Caldwell County during the past
Sweet potatoes cured in the tobacco-
barns of Rockingham county
are keeping exceptionally well, ac
cording to those who are curing
their sweets by this method.
Rainbow trout from his own
fishpond are being enjoyed by A,
B. Hobson of the Boonville com
munity in Yadkin county.
Extension Circular 195, "Lespe
deza in North Carolina" has re
cently been issued by the Agricul
tural Extension Service at State
college and may be had free of
charge on application to the agri
cultural editor. .
in the Family,
Timely Questions Answered
by N. C. State College
QuMtion: Do you have any
printed information about how to
spray fruit trees V
Answer: Yes. The Agricultural
endar for apples and a spray cal
endar- for-peaches,- telling exactly
lhe sprays needed thrmigfa - ttal
year- and how" they are prepared.
A card W "the" agricultural editor
at "State College;-Raleigh, -N.C,-
will bring each or both of the cal
endars free of charge
Question: How many eggs
should"! set to be sure 1 have 100
new pullets in my flock 'after cull
ing is done? . j
'Amwer: Generally, you may ex
pect 60 per cent of all eggs to
hatch and unless you have some
serious disease outbreak you will
raise 80 per cent of the chicks
hatched. .Therefore, out of every
100 eggs set, you should get 50
chickens of which about one-half
will be cockerels. The final flock,
of course, will depend on the se
verity of culling but one should
get at least 25 good pullets from
every 120 to 130 eggs set.
-Quetin:-Does "land wash "more
in winter than in summer?
Answer Because most cropped
land in North Carolina is planted
a. -1 - - -1-- i :
"''iEecombe county during the past
,u....."-. " el ? -i 7 V
Farm at Statesville is studying
this question and definite informa
tion! can be secured from the Su
perintendent, Mr. J. M. Snyder.
Question: How can i keep from
having so much sickness in my
Amwer: The best way to com
bat poultry diseases is to prevent
their occurrence. Cleanliness is
one of the best preventives. Place
new litter in the poultry house as
often as practical. Screen the
droppings and remove them as of
ten as possible. Water fountains
should be cleaned daily and disin
fected at least once a week. Keep
the nest material clean. With
these precautions many of the com
mon diseases will be prevented.
Question : How much fall in 100
feet should be allowed in building
a Mangum Terrace ?
Answer: This depends upon the
length of the terrace but should
never exceed six inches. The gen
eral rule is to allow 6 inches for
a 300 foot terrace, 4 inches for one
over 300 but not over 600 .feet, 2
inches for those not exceeding 900
feet, and one inch fall for those
running between 900 to ,1,200 feet.
Terraces running as long as 1,500
feet are allowed one-half inrh fall.
Two outlets -should1 be provided for
tcrmcts more than 1,500 feet long,
WHILE definite regulations
governing the placing of seed
loans with tarmers ot jNortn Caro
lina during 1933 have not yet been
released from Washington, it is a ,
certainty that county farm agents
will be called upon again to have
an active part in the placing of
these loans, s
Dean I. O. Schaub, director of
the agricultural extension service
atState college, received a wire
last yueeV from W. C. Warburton
of the United States Department
county-agents should hold, thenv-
selves in readiness for this wtrk.
; tween the county agents and the
I crop production loan organization
along lines similar to previous
There will likely be included in
I the application for . a loan, a cer-
tificate which the county-agent -MrsTIlegaTdiilghrnpTOpoSed"
cropping plan of the applicant and
the amount of money which will
be needed to carry out this plan.
In many .cases the field inspectors
will request space in the county
agents' offices for the execution of
applications for loans.
Many farmers, . unable to . get
credit from other sources, will be .
forced to rely upon the govern
mental loans. Last year loans were
made to about 40,000 farmers in
counties of the state, amounting
o approximately 44 million dol
lars. To date about 90 per cent of ..
-this Trioneyhas' been repaid. .
Corn and Hogs
A GROUP of 490 hogs fed in
I year paid 55 cents a bushel for the
' . ,. ,.
corn consumed after all other costs
"The results of a group of Cwre.
fully conducted demonstration 4n
Edgecombe county during the past
year indicate that growing and
feeding hogs is still a profitable
operation on North Carolina farrns
despite- the-present low prices for
pork," says W. W. Shay, swine ex
tension specialist at State college.
"The demonstrations were conduct
ed by County Agent H. W. Taylor
and the 490 animals in the 14 dem
onstrations ate 2,710 bushels of
corn during the feeding period of
70 days. Accurate records fre
kept of all expenses and recir.'
After paying all other costs, ,Xe
hogs returned an average of "'55
cents a bushel for the corn which
they ate." . ,
This shows that home-grown corn
fed. to home-grown hogs is still a -profitable
farm practice, Mr. Shay
says. In fact, he points out, there
is no better way for the farmer
with a surplus of corn to sell it
for the best possible price. Even
though it is not desired to fatten
hogs for the commercial markets,
a supply of meat for the home
may be obtained and the expenses -of
family food cut to that extent.
Avery County Irish potato grow
ers have closed a contract to sell
3,250 bushels of No. 1 potatoes to
a federal institution across the Ten-