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The Franklin press and the Highlands Maconian. (Franklin, N.C.) 1932-1968, February 02, 1933, Page PAGE TWO, Image 2

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THE FRANKLIN PRESS and THE HIGHLANDS MACON IAN Tt'i r- r v FT"-! 2 t PAGE TWO t fits 'tnttklin TjjsjLxtzz Published every Thursday by The Franklin Press At Franklin, North Carolina Telephone No. 24 VOL. XLVIII BLACKBURN W. JOHNSON........... EDITOR AND , PUBLISHER Entered at the Post Office, Franklin, North Carolina i 'PEPS ASSOCIATION SUBSCRIPTION RATES One Year Bight Months Sue Months . Single Copy . . Obituary notices, cards of thanks, lodges, churches, organizations or tiling and inserted at regular classified advertising rates. Such notices will be marked adv. in compliance (EDITOR'S NOTE: This u the first of a aerie of editorial! concerning the Tallulah Falls Railway ami the crisis which faces the territory it serves on account of the threatened discontinuance of the line. These editorials have been prepared by the editors of The Franklin Press, The Clayton Tribune, the Tri-Cpunty Ad vertiser (Clarkesville, Ga.) and The Northeast Georgian (Cornelia, Ga.) and will be published in each of these newspapers.) It's Time To Switch Horses IX7HEN. one starts looking into the history of the " Tallulah Falls Railway he invariably runs across all sorts of rumors and reports that the Southern Railroad 'would toe-glad ha vcheiles "tracK from Cornelia, Ga'., "to Franklin, N. C, torn up and thrown into the discard. Looking further, one finds that the axe has been held over the line for many years, but the wielders for some reason have been hesitant about letting the blade fall. There is no doubt that the Southern has hold of the axe handle. Although efforts were made to keep JJiisfact-intheark-ipr--along time, iu inevitably came to light. Now it is common knowledge that the Southern holds the bonds, or at least control over them, and is also the road's largest creditor. The line paid handsomely, according to reports, un til it was thrown into receivership in June, 1923. Since then it has occupied a position in the Southern Railroad family very much like that of a step-child. "Some years it has paid operating expenses, some years it has not. : " JimandagainJ;hej-eceiver J.ErayJias.jhreat- ened in a voice that had the Southern that unless the roadthc T.-F.".) more extensively, it mighrjose its service all together. Thecry-Df " Wolf i Wolf " be- came so persistent and hollow that the public began to disregard it, believing abandon the "T: F.", lest other rail interests ... gain xontroL-o-the.franchiseand--extendtheJiine.acrQSS rirenrionmam would have helped this country immeasurably, but it would have resulted in serious competition for the Southern's trunk routes. We do not know for a had any such destructive has denied" it. We recite gives room for grave suspicions. Now, with the Southern as well as the "T. F." los ing money hand over fist, the threat of abandonment has become really serious. Judge Gray has obtained permission Jrom the i JJnited States District Court for Interstate Commerce Commission for authority to discontinue operation of therbad. Thedepression has greatly reduced large uces and nMeralsT taken the cream of its smaller traffic If the Southern has a plan to junk the "T- F." the time is propitious for doing so. Perhaps now the southern can close down the road and tear up the franchise, blocking for all time any likelihood of its : falling into other, hands, the possibility of extension. But the Southern. has no such deep-dyed intentions So Judge Gray .has asserted. . Perhaps not. But if the Southern is sincerely in terested in the development of this territory, why shouldn't it first try a new . incr the whole railroad into Reviewing theoperation Gray's receivership, one is struck by' the tone of pes simism that has pervaded the whole organization, filtering down from the receiver to the lesser em ployes. It has been such an attitude as would pre clude anything of a progressive,-constructive nature In seeking authority to receiver admits that he has ' on its feet. But, an outsider asks, why close down a ' business, without first trying new management? . A younger, more capable, more energetic receiver might still be able to accomplish something. Shall con sideration for one man weigh heavier with the powers that be, than the welfare of thousands of people and the development of an area nearly as large as some of our states? We may be in mid-stream, but it would be far better to change horses than to that's cnppiea. Number 5 N. C, as second class matter. ... $1.50 ... $1.00 ... .75 .05 tributes of respect, by individuals, societies, will be regarded as adver with the postal regulations. -unmistakable echo of the public patronized the rail that the Southern dared not fact that the Southern has design in mind. Judge Gray only the situation, which shipments of forest prod management before cast the limbo? of the- line under Judge discontinue operation the failed to put the "T. F." arown on tne oacK ot one The Church's Function By Rev. Norvin C. Duncan Rector of St. Ague Episcopal Church, Franklin, and the Church of the Incarnation, Highland It is sometimes maintained that religion is impractical, and that the the practical affairs of--lite. On the other hand, the religionist has ample evidence for maintaining that religion is vital and necessary to all life. The work of the church is creative. It is her mis sion to make a good man, a good citizen; and then she must trust his character to express itself, and to work itself out, in his living and in all his relationships and duties of life. It is not the church's function and mission to prescribe limits, but to make character, and give it large room in which to express itself. It is not the church's business to teach any particular branch of science, but to make a man of such character that he will use his scientific knowledge towards the highest and noblest purposes of life. ' She must furnish motives, in spirations and . guidance, but , she must give the utmost freedom for the individual to work out his own Clippings CONSERVATION IN DANGER OVER the past week, addition al bills have been introduced ... . e 1. at Raleigh the enactment 01 wnicn inevitably will mean progressive disintegration of what has been achieve"fOT-lhe3TOnservatibnof wild life in the forests "and streams. That some important and help ful changes could be made in the laws bearing upon hunting and fishing is conceded by persons conversant with tht facts. But this small flood of local bills flowing into the Legislature have another purpose. These measures seek exemption for hunting license, fishing licenser or both, for the citizens of counties here and there and particularly in Western North Carolina. The arguments for such bill? ar: perhaps plausible but wh'.'y un sound. "My constituents," will say Represestative So and So, "are now hard-pressed by the world economic adversity. I ask this body to "free them from the burden of a license - tax -when they want to go fishing or hunting," As for-the revenuetobe--derive.di under the game and fish laws, the legislative-spokesmen for the com-j plainaatswilLaddJXeLJheJiceMgJ remain in effect upon visiting hunt ereOTdanglers ; for, after all,-that is 1he real -source -of -any ippre-ciable-4ncome-under-theselaws, It sounds simple and satisfactory enough, but,,, it won't Jb.ear analysis. For, if you once start free hunt lngand'fishingagainrthesnM'l? will in a few yeans be sadly di minished and the invitation of the counties to the tourist sportsmen will fall on ears wary if not deaf. Word will go out that the moun tain counties have lost the attrac tions they once possessed for hunt ers and fishermen. And, as to this latter point, it is common knowledge that, in the western counties especially, only a beginning has been made in re stocking the streams and in pro tecting the wild life of the forests in adequate measure. Should we now throw away . thi; effort and -expense-tpf -years 1 This issue will not at once ap peal to the members of the Legis lature from the far east, since there the natural conditions afford wild tif ea? bettcrTraturaiTotcctTon than exists in this section. But, if the question were proper ly placed before the , Legislature the men from the east surely would recognize the short-sightedness of the proposals for radical wiping out of protective regulations in the mountains. Some day the mountain counties should become a paradise, in the old phrase," for hunters and fishermen.- But that day will never come except by the most scrupulous and long-continued practice of intel ligent conservation. vjimu mc siaic nuw, 111 uic name ri i- r 11 j . of economy, relief, alleged social :..: . . "'r .v justice, or what not, begin the ut- ter destruction of the small struc - ture of conservation erected slowly over the course of recent years? There is real probability that this deplorable policy may be sanction ed by the Legislature unless the supporters of conservation for wild life now make their protests heard in Raleigh.-THE ASHEVILLE TIMES. NEW DEPARTURE Consider South Carolina! Down where the sales tax: begins they are faced with an acute sit uation. The state owes much mon ey. It has a sizeable deficit. It is unable to pay . employees, and school teachers in addition to fac ing sharply-reduced salaries are facing a condition of no salaries at all. Last year's appropriations by the South Carolina Legislature were life. There is very little room for choice between the Roman claim of papal authority and protestant legislation to control man's ac tions. The protestant world will do well to consider what has al ways happened when the human mind and 'conscience are too close ly prescribed. The other day Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt uttered a great truth in a short sentence. She said, "Chaperanes are a poor Substitute for character." About a year ago Albert J. Nock, in an article in "The Atlantic" said, "We have had a greater social preoccupation with money,- than - with the quality of human character, and the direction ofTfs dev"eTcmeht What a per son does with his money, or any social Icavcrp.RC under his control depends finally on the kind of person he is " The church, the I home, the school must unite today and cooperate in an intelligent ef fort to malre pjod men and good women and then we shall have a good social order. approximately $9,400,000. This year the ways and means committee has been instructed to report out a MI -appropriating no more-than $5,000,000, and it has done so.' To become law, of course, the measure musrabTarhtTTe- houses of the Assembly. " served we cannot say, nor can any one. But it is plain to see never theless that with due regard for legislatures in general the South Carolina body has tackled the ques tion of appropriations from a com pletely novel angle. If has said,' "We can raise $57 000,000. That is the amount we may ' spend." Iostaywithin the prescribed figure it has been neces sary for the committee to reduce and abolish functions and agencies without very much regard for their worthiness. It has limited all sal aries, .even the Governor's, to a maximum of $3,500. It has dimin ished public school aid by half. It has cut appropriations to State LcQllegesand-universitie&-byl50per cent of last year s already reduced allotments."" " " " 7" All of which is distressing, vet, candidlyr-notto" be-censured. -For we - know -of - no means by which you-may-continuetospendmony youhaven4ffot-Da-you-? CHAR-LOTTETNEWS;- " " HUNTING RIGHTS "Countless 'farmers have for notP" ing what a great -many city folks would - pay good - money- forthe pppoiiunit vQLsliOQ.t.gamcJ'h ey "Cait get-rsome of--this money the city sportsman would so gladly spend by raising game, stocking farm land and selling the hunting rights. In short the farmers can have their cake and eat it too. That it is perfectly possible to sell hunting rights is indicated by farmer-sportsman partenerships that have been organized here and there. "We all know there are hun dreds of men in this state who would gladly pay and pay quite lavishly for the' privilege of having a good shoot, says Pierre Garvcn former member of the Nevada' fish and-gameCommissionMf7tiaTven then proceeds to point out that lheraisingof game bifds-quail, pheasant, etc., can be made a profit able s i d e line on farm s in Nevada, lust as has been the 'case in other states. It is true, of course, .that the best farm land for hunting is that with plenty of natural cover. The game birds can be raised in cap tivity, however, then sold to sportsmen to be set free elsewhere. Raising quail and pheasant in captivity is no . trick. There are numcrousgame:farms,state.-ovvncd and private, that produce thous ands of birds each year. One. that is typical of others is the Wicomi co State game farm in the out skirts of Salisbury, - Maryland. a....1 C ruv . Around 5,000 young quail consti- ... ior - tu- t tutes- the -1932 crop. - This farm ctr. . frnm . .. tU- ;: " ' r, lT jrcais jgu. liaitning aim uroouing are done; .artificially. Commercial rations are used. In some sections best results in protection of game birds will call for trapping of furbearing animals which .are enemies oLbird life. The income from pelts con stitutes another source of income -THE NATIONAL, FARM JOURNAL. NEW PRESIDENT IS 51 Franklin D. Roosevelt, who be comes president of the United States on March 4, celebrated his 51st birthday, Sunday, at His win ter' home in Warm Springs, Ga. On the same day he reached agree ment with the British ambassador to dpen debt adjustment conferenc es at Washington, early in March. When There's a Coy fK TOTHINKOF ... Vflf , j iy RUNNIN THROUGH ' . 1 Jar nr - 1 wt I tim-mie! t . 1 1 DID YOU BRUSH) 'toSlMW Wk: VoUft TEETH? M li...'r. J Now! . MORNING. '' 111'"' J!0: " ' Your Farm - How to Make It Pay Raise More Mules HILE- -the-fiorse arid mule population of North Carolina steadily decreases and those now on farms grow older, little effort is being made to grow replace ments. Ralph H. Rogers of the depart ment of agricultural economics at State-college says that-4f -business conditions wereio improve - the price of mules would jump to the extent that fewfarmer s-wouldbe able to buy good -mules. Yet, Mr. Rogers points out that horse and mule power is staging a comeback all over the nation. The tractor i s . now ?nos t too expensive and farmers can grow the motive fuel on which mules andTiofses"are propelled. One North Carolina farmer who is.wiselyanninfJiiheiu,ture 4sJtEt Snider -of Liawoody-Route 1, Davidson county. At present Mr. Snider has four good work horses, two ' mule colts nearly two years old, two mule colts nearly one year old, one three-year-old horse colt and one registered Jack. "If a man wants horses or mules, he should raise them," says Mr. Snider. "If he does not, he had just as well -prepare to pay a good price for them in the near future." Mr. Snider says it does not cost very much to raise the colts and they are easy to care for. Experiments made some years ago-- at : State -collegetshow - that; a two-ycnrTflld tolr-whiclnvill sell at from $75 to $100 will cost about $Ci0 to raise. Where only home grown feeds are used, such as are now being produced inthe state, It i slfl elyTha t "ffiFostwfll "be lower. NEW FARM BULLETINS Two new and valuable publica tions have been prepared and print ed by the Agricultural Extension Service and are now ready for distribution to citizens of ' North Carolina on request. These pub lications are Extension Circular 193, "Feeding and Care of the Dairy Cow," by John A. Arey and A. C. Kitnrey of the animal hus bandry department, and Extension Circular 194 , "The Agricultural Outlook For 1933," by the depart ment of . agricultural economics Seventeen flocks containing more than 2,000 birds were blood-tested for bacillary white diarrhea in Caldwell County during the past week. Sweet potatoes cured in the tobacco- barns of Rockingham county are keeping exceptionally well, ac cording to those who are curing their sweets by this method. Rainbow trout from his own fishpond are being enjoyed by A, B. Hobson of the Boonville com munity in Yadkin county. Extension Circular 195, "Lespe deza in North Carolina" has re cently been issued by the Agricul tural Extension Service at State college and may be had free of charge on application to the agri cultural editor. . in the Family, The Farmer's Question Box Timely Questions Answered by N. C. State College Experts QuMtion: Do you have any printed information about how to spray fruit trees V Answer: Yes. The Agricultural lExtfensiGn-Sery endar for apples and a spray cal endar- for-peaches,- telling exactly lhe sprays needed thrmigfa - ttal year- and how" they are prepared. A card W "the" agricultural editor at "State College;-Raleigh, -N.C,- will bring each or both of the cal endars free of charge Question: How many eggs should"! set to be sure 1 have 100 new pullets in my flock 'after cull ing is done? . j 'Amwer: Generally, you may ex pect 60 per cent of all eggs to hatch and unless you have some serious disease outbreak you will raise 80 per cent of the chicks hatched. .Therefore, out of every 100 eggs set, you should get 50 chickens of which about one-half will be cockerels. The final flock, of course, will depend on the se verity of culling but one should get at least 25 good pullets from every 120 to 130 eggs set. -Quetin:-Does "land wash "more in winter than in summer? Answer Because most cropped land in North Carolina is planted a. -1 - - -1-- i : "''iEecombe county during the past ,u....."-. " el ? -i 7 V Farm at Statesville is studying this question and definite informa tion! can be secured from the Su perintendent, Mr. J. M. Snyder. Question: How can i keep from having so much sickness in my poultry flock? Amwer: The best way to com bat poultry diseases is to prevent their occurrence. Cleanliness is one of the best preventives. Place new litter in the poultry house as often as practical. Screen the droppings and remove them as of ten as possible. Water fountains should be cleaned daily and disin fected at least once a week. Keep the nest material clean. With these precautions many of the com mon diseases will be prevented. Question : How much fall in 100 feet should be allowed in building a Mangum Terrace ? Answer: This depends upon the length of the terrace but should never exceed six inches. The gen eral rule is to allow 6 inches for a 300 foot terrace, 4 inches for one over 300 but not over 600 .feet, 2 inches for those not exceeding 900 feet, and one inch fall for those running between 900 to ,1,200 feet. Terraces running as long as 1,500 feet are allowed one-half inrh fall. Two outlets -should1 be provided for tcrmcts more than 1,500 feet long, Seed Loans WHILE definite regulations governing the placing of seed loans with tarmers ot jNortn Caro lina during 1933 have not yet been released from Washington, it is a , certainty that county farm agents will be called upon again to have an active part in the placing of these loans, s Dean I. O. Schaub, director of the agricultural extension service atState college, received a wire last yueeV from W. C. Warburton of the United States Department county-agents should hold, thenv- selves in readiness for this wtrk. - , ; tween the county agents and the I crop production loan organization along lines similar to previous years. There will likely be included in I the application for . a loan, a cer- tificate which the county-agent -MrsTIlegaTdiilghrnpTOpoSed" cropping plan of the applicant and the amount of money which will be needed to carry out this plan. In many .cases the field inspectors will request space in the county agents' offices for the execution of applications for loans. Many farmers, . unable to . get credit from other sources, will be . forced to rely upon the govern mental loans. Last year loans were made to about 40,000 farmers in counties of the state, amounting o approximately 44 million dol lars. To date about 90 per cent of .. -this Trioneyhas' been repaid. . Corn and Hogs A GROUP of 490 hogs fed in I year paid 55 cents a bushel for the ' . ,. ,. corn consumed after all other costs were deducted. "The results of a group of Cwre. fully conducted demonstration 4n Edgecombe county during the past year indicate that growing and feeding hogs is still a profitable operation on North Carolina farrns despite- the-present low prices for pork," says W. W. Shay, swine ex tension specialist at State college. "The demonstrations were conduct ed by County Agent H. W. Taylor and the 490 animals in the 14 dem onstrations ate 2,710 bushels of corn during the feeding period of 70 days. Accurate records fre kept of all expenses and recir.' After paying all other costs, ,Xe hogs returned an average of "'55 cents a bushel for the corn which they ate." . , This shows that home-grown corn fed. to home-grown hogs is still a -profitable farm practice, Mr. Shay says. In fact, he points out, there is no better way for the farmer with a surplus of corn to sell it for the best possible price. Even though it is not desired to fatten hogs for the commercial markets, a supply of meat for the home may be obtained and the expenses -of family food cut to that extent. Avery County Irish potato grow ers have closed a contract to sell 3,250 bushels of No. 1 potatoes to a federal institution across the Ten- neisee line.

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