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VOL. L, No. 29
FRANKLIN, N. C THURSDAY, JULY 18. 1135
SIM PER YEAR
Well Known Murphy Man
Dies in Franklin
Sam Aiken, well known business
man of Murphy, N. C, suffered a
fatal stroke of paralysis while on
a business visit in Franklin Tues
day. He was sitting in Angel's
Drug Store when stricken. He
was taken immediately to the hos
pital, but died in a few minutes.
Mr. Aiken, a hardware dealer in
Murphy, was well known through
out western North Carolina.
To Give Concert in Frank
lin Monday Night
The Oxford Orohanatre sineine
class will pay its annual visit to
Franklin next Monday, giving a
concert at 8:15 o'clock Monday
I evening in the courthouse under
the sponsorship of the Junaluskee
The program will feature sones.
I drills, folk soners and dance fig
ures. The children are appearing
this year in a variety of new cos
tumes. There are 14 boys and
girls in the class. While here they
will be cared for in the homes of
I members of the Masonic order.
The sineinc class is attain under
the direction of Mrs. Sadie T.
For more than SO vears the sinn
ing class has made annual tours
all over North Carolina, each vear
bringing a new group of children
and a new program. The ap
pearance of these children in the
various communities has been a
I great influence in cultivating inter
est in the cause of the orphan. In
ftht 62 years of its existence there
is scarcely a community in the state
which has not sent some boy or
girl to the Oxford Orphanage at
Oxford, N. C, which is maintained
by the Masons of North Carolina.
OF MACON POST
Purchase of Club House
Site Considered by
A special meeting of the Macon
county post of the American Legion
was called this week by Gilmer A.
Jones, commander of the post, for
8 o'clock Monday night of next
week in the courthouse. AH ex-
service men are invited to attend.
Plans for securing a site for a
club house for the post were dis
missed at a meeting here Monday
night." C. Tom Bryson, Adolph
Zoellner and J. Frank Ray were
named as a committee to investi
gate a site and to formulate plans
in connection with the building.
Some months ago the county
commissioners offered to deed to
the legion a site on Harrison ave
nue next to the Methodist church
for the construction of a legion
clubhouse. At that time it was
proposed to erect a club house
I which would serve not only as a
meeting place for the legion but
also as a general community center.
The legion now has under con
sideration the purchase of another
At the meeting last Monday
night plans also were discussed for
organizing a string band by the
post. Herbert C. Knoch was ap
pointed to supervise the organiza
A program committee also was
I named, consisting of Mr. Knoch,
Mrs, Lassie Kelly Cunningham and
I the Rev. J. A. Flanagan. Mrs.
Cunningham, Boise Hall and Frank
I. Murray were appointed to a
A. R. Higdon was elected service
officer in addition to his duties as
! adjutant and finance officer.
THE INSTITUTE OF GOVERNMENTS
Summary of 1935 Local Laws
Affecting Macon County, I its Towns. Subdivisions and Citizens
By Henry Brandit, Jr., DiHard S. Gardner, T. N. Crice
Mrs. T. M. Slagle's
Mrs. T. M. Slagle, who has
been in declining health for
some months, we reported to
day to be critically 91, with
little hope of recovery, at her
home eight miles west of
Franklin on Mate highway No.
21. Mrs. Slagle was said to
have been in a coma for several
days. Miss Lucy Slagle, a
daughter who has been living
in Wilmington, wss called home '
the latter part of last week on
account of her mother's condition.
Continuing a practice inaugurat
ed in 1933 The Institute of Gov
ernment presents herewith, for the
convenience of local officials and
the press, a summary of local laws
affecting Macon county its
towns, subdivisions and citizens.
Of course, many general laws also
aifect the county, but space does
not permit a summary of these. A
summary of general state-wide laws
will be found in the May-June is
sue of Popular Government, The
Institute's magazine. In this sum
mary for the county, only local
laws, and general laws from which
the county or some part of the
county is specifically excepted are
mentioned. No attempt is made to
cover bills which never became law.
a. LAWS AFFECTING THE
A. Tax Laws
There are five new local laws
affecting taxes in Macon county.
(1). Chapter 397, Public - Local
Laws, declare an economic emer
gency exists in the county and di
rects the commissioners to levy, in
1935 and 1936, only such taxes for
debt service and other purposes as
the taxpayers can pay and retain
their homes, not exceeding $1 on
the $100 of valuation. After 1936,
the commissioners are to decide an
nually if the emergency still exists,
based chiefly on the prices of the
county's products, and levy taxes
accordingly, their findings being
subject to review by the courts.
1 lie uiMifii' isu uuvku uinii-
missioners to adjust the bonded
debt wiifh bondholders and refi
nance accordingly. (2). Chapter 344,
Public-Local' Laws, authorizes the
governing authorities of the county
and the various municipalities
therein to accept six years notes,
bearing 6 per cent interest from
Aoril 1. 1935. for the face amount
of taxes for 1927-32, if such notes
are given before April 1, 1936. The
Chapter provides that the authori
ties may require payment of 1933
taxes as a prerequisite to accept
ing notes, and provides that the
notes be recorded in "Tax Liens"
book and noted on the record of
tax sales certificates, such notes to
be liens superior to all except
liens for current taxes and may
be foreclosed upon default in pay
ment, but no personal judgment at
taches when notes are foreclosed.
The Chapter allows a 10 per cent
discount on the face amount for
payment of 1927-32 taxes on or be
fore April 1, 1936 and a like dis
count for payment of any tax lien
note before maturity. Finally, 1926
and prior taxes are barred if fore
closure actions have not been in
stituted, and extends to October 1,
1936 the time in which to institute
foreclosure proceedings on 1927-32
taxes. (3). Chapter 138, Public
Local Laws, extends to October 1,
1935, the time to institute foreclos
ure of 1932 taxes, and to October
1, 1936 the time to foreclose 1933
taxes, whether certificates are held
by the county or by other purchas
ers for value. (4) Chapter 58,
Public-Local Laws, validates all tax
sales by the county or municipali
ties therein held in the wrong
month during 1933 and 1934. (5).
Chapter 102, Public-Local Laws,
which is applicable in Macon and
several other counties, provides
that in all actions involving title
to real property, if the winning
party or his predecessors in title
have failed to pay taxes on the
land and such taves have been paid
by the losing party or his pre
decessors in title, the losing party
shall be entitled to recover the
taxes so paid. The amount of such
recovery is limited to twenty years'
taxes, and it is subject to be di
minished by any amount which the
winning party may recover as rents
and profits. Whatever remains of
the amount recovered foV taxes, af
ter it has been so diminished, is
made a lien on the property and if
such amount is not paid within
three months after the date of die
judgment the lien may be enforced
by execution or ven. ex.
B. Other Laws'
Chapter 4, Public Laws, provides
fof the selection, at each April
term of court, of a grand jury to
serve for one year.
Chapter 405, Public-Local Laws,
fixes the fees for regular and tales
jurors at $2.50 per day and 5 cents
per mile for one round trip from
residence to courthouse.
Chapter 394, Public-Local Laws,
(Continued on Page Eight)
"The Story of the Constitution"
BY CALEB JOHNSON
Citizens of the United States have become intense
ly government-minded during the last half-dozen years.
Right now, there is much discussion and there is
going to be a lot more in the weeks and months ahead
about "the Constitution."
Caleb Johnson, Washington correspondent of The
Franklin Press and Highlands Maconian, listened to
the growing volume of discussion over the Constitution
and reached the conclusion that an awful lot of folks
would welcome an accurate, unbiased and non-partisan
story of the Constitution so they might better
know the facts upon which to base discussion.
Mr. Johnson has written a most remarkable fact
story of how the Constitution came into being and
all of the interesting detail of its 148 years of exist
ence, 1787 to 1935.
"The Story of the Constitution" wiU be published
in The Press-Maeonian in weekly installments. The
first appears this week on the editorial page. You
will find his series of articles interesting and in
formative, yiead them. Ttie Editor
IN THIS AREA
Mountain Area Considered
Safe from Mysterious
Prompted by reports that Macon
county's tourist business had suf
fered a decided decline during the
past 10 days on account of the ex
istence of infantile paralysis in
North Carolina, The Press-Maconian
investigated the situation this
week and learned that there is no
reason for fear of the mysterious
disease in this county or contiguous
Dr. W. A Rogers, county phy
sician, stated that there had not
been and there was not now a
single case of infantile paralysis in
the county. Dr. C. N. Sisk, dis
trict health officer for the counties
of Haywood, Jackson and Swain,
said there was not a case of the
malady in that area. A fatality
at Bryson City, first attributed to
infantile paralysis, was later dis
covered by laboratory tests to have
been caused by another disease.
About six weeks- ago there was
a report that there was a case of
infantile paralysis in Jackson coun
tl, but Dr. Sisk informed The
Press-Maconian that there was no
proof that it was paralysis and
there were good, reasons to believe
that it was another malady. He
definitely stated that there was not
a single infantile paralysis case in
his district at this time and, as far
as he knew, there was only one
ease in Western North Carolina.
That, he added, was in Buncombe
Declining in State
"Infantile paralysis," Dr. Sisk
said," is unquestionably declining
in North Carolina. It is well under
control and there is no cause for
alarm. The disease now seems
more prevalent in Richmond, Phila
delphia and New York.
The disease in this state has been
reported most prevalent in the vi-
cinity of Raleigh, from which point
the mountain resort area is as dis
tant or more distant than Washing
ton, D. C, or Charleston, S. C
Although comparatively little is
known by medical science concern
ing infantile paralysis and its cause,
doctors are inclined to believe that
it is most likely to strike where
the climate is hot. It has never
been prevalent in cool, mountain
climates. It is also pointed out
that mountain areas are compara
tively sparsely settled and, there
fore, the chances of an epidemic
are considerably lessened.
To Start Monday at lotla
A series of repival services will
be held at the lotla Methodist
church starting at 10:30 o'clock
Monday morning, it was announc
ed this week. by the Rev. B. W.
Lefler, pastor of the Franklin cir
cuit. Services will be held twice each
"We are very fortunate," Mr.
Lefler said, "in having with us the
Rev. W. A. Rollins, presiding elder
of the Waynesville district. Mr.
Rollins is a great gospel preacher.
Come and hear him."
Assembly at Lenoir
Fred S. Sloan, president of the
Franklin Rotary cluh, George Johns
ton, secretary and treasurer, and
Guy L. Houk, a former president
of the club, left Thursday for
Lenoir, N. C, to attend an assem
bly of Rotarians of the 58th Rotary
district. They expect to return
Friday night or Saturday.