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THE FRANKLIN PRESS AND THE HIGHLANDS MACONtAN
THURIDAV, JAR 14 1M?
'' :' '1.1 . i''
Congress Control Will
Remain With President
(Specjtal to Th Plrets-Maoonian)
. ; WASHINGTON, Jan. 13. The
. . -
opening oi me new congress was
pore like aunian of old friends
than anything else. The great ma
jority in both houses are old mem
bers who were reelected. But it is
. a new Congress the75th since the
Constitution was adopted and noth
ing which the previous Congress
left unfinished is any official con
cern pf this one's. When a Con
gress dies, as one does every two
years, all of its works die with it
unless they have become laws by
the signature of the President.
The spirit of . Congress does not
necessarily change, however; never
when the new Congress is, like
this one, overwhelmingly of the
same political complexion as the
last one and composed chiefly of
the same individuals. So all of the
bills which the 74th Congress fail
ed to pass have been or shortly will
be presented to the 75th ' Congress
;,as new business and some of them,
doubtless, will stand a better chance
of enactment into law than they
The returning Senators and Rep
resentatives of the majority party
feel that the course upon which
they had embraked received an
overwhelming indsorsement at last
Fall's election, and that they are,
in effect, under orders from their
constituencies to proceed along the
That is not to say, however, that
all the members of the majority in
Congress are of one mind. Signs
lire already appearing of section
antagonism, vrtiich might easily be
come so ' acute as to impede the
course of legislation.
The first open clash between
North and South came in the fight
; between Representative O'Connor
of New York and Representative
Rayburn of Texas for the impor
. ant post of Majority Leader. That
is an important position at any
time, and seems more important
now than usual because of the ex
pectation that Speaker Bankhead
will not hold that position long.
Mr! Bankhead is a sick man, and
if he is forced to lay down the
gavel the majority leader will be
the logical person to succeed him.
The line-up of Congressional fac
tions into North and South is not
strictly on geographical lines. It
( arises, however,, from resentment
by northern Democrats over the
control of the machinery and pat
ronage of Congress by the South
Most of the important committee
'chairmanships are held by south
t erners, representing predominantly
, rural districts, and the Northern
and Eastern members of the same
', party feel that the interests of the
industrial cities , from which most
of them come have not been giv
en sufficient weight by their col
leagues from Dixie.
President in Control
i The essential control of the new
Congress, however, will remain
with the President. He has the
power more power than any of his
predecessors ever had to persuade
Congress to do whatever he strong
JOHN JOSEPH GA1NES.MJ
HOW TO BREAK UP A COLD
.... In these days of air-tight living
quarters it seems so much easier to
"take cold" than it was in the days
of more liberal circulation of out
door air. Of course people con
tracted colds then, many of them
due to, or .complicated by bacteria.
But folks were hardier, in the early
day, better able to stand the vicis
situdes of climate.
Once when a nostrum-vendor an
nounced "cure your cold in one
day," everybody took rtotice and
rushed to buy the nostrum. I knew
those who -had been coughing half
the winter, who went to work as
siduously to cure themselves in the
one day provided by the quack.
Of course the miracle didn't take
, Let us not forget this advice: Go,
ly desires it to do. There will be
more independence of the Executive
in this Congress than in its pre
decessors. There will also be" less
"rubber-stamp" legislation. But, in
the long run, congressional acts
will be in close accord with the
What the collective mind of Con
gress is chiefly concerned about is
the welfare of the masses,, the
workers and the lower and middle
class groups. The question how) the
welfare of these groups caifbe best
promoted without, disturbing the en
tire social and economic order will
provide the major .issues upqn
which differences will develop.
Th Job Ahead
The task before the 75th Con
gress, as Washington observers see
it, is no longer that of emergency
legislation for economic recovery,,
but a permanent reconstruction of
the social and economic order.
If this' cannot be brought about
under the Constitution as it now
stands, then many of the leaders in
both houses give evidence of being
ready to propose an amendment to
the Constitution to broaden the au
thority of Congress over such mat
ters as hours of labor, minimum
wages, aid . for, agriculture,' control
of business practices and the like.
Senator Robinson of Arkansas
expressed 'himself vigorously in
favor of such an amendment just
before the new Congress began its
session. As Mr. Robinson is the
leader of the Senate majority his
utterances carry considerable weight.
There is a strong feeling, how
ever, that it would be well to post
pone the protracted debate which
the proposal for such an amend
ment would precipitate, and try to
accomplish the desired objectives
by other means.
Senator O'Mahoney of Wyoming
has announced that he will , push
his bill for a Federal incorporation
law, which would put every cor
poration doing an interstate busi
ness under tirect . Federal control,
enabling the authorities at Wash
ington to prescribe the conditions
under which corporation might
operate, including working hours
Record Short Term
One Senator who was elected last
November does not sit in the new
Congress, because his term expired
on the day Congress met. He is
Guy V. Howard of Minnesota.
When Senator Schall died last
Summer, Governor Olson appointed
Elmer A. Benson as Senator until
the next election. Ernest Lundeen
ran for the six-year term begin
ning January 5 and was elected.
But nobody took any steps to
provide a Senator for the two
months between election day, ex
cept Mr. Howard. He filed a peti
tion with Minnesota's secretary of
state, at the last minute which got
him a' place on the November bal
lot. He was elected by 100,000 ma
jority for the shortest elective Sen-,
atorial term in history. Mr. How
ard-will draw $1,666,67 and some
requisites for mileage and clerk
hire for the two months he was a
United States Senator. Although
he never sat in the Senate Cham
ber he is "Ex-Senator Howard."
to work to break up your cold the
moment its onset is felt. By being
prompt you can cure your cold in
one day. , '
If you feel the cold coming on,
with its sneezing, chilliness, slight
sore throat and a general depressed
feeling, GO TO BED. Get yourself
into a sweat as soon' as possible..
There will be a little fever follow
ing the chilly attack.
Any family medicine cabinet
should have tablets provided by
the family doctor, and these will
reduce the temperature and relieve
the congestion by getting the sur
face circulation active.'
A five-gram tablet of aspirin
every hour till three or four are
taken till free sweat occurs, and
nothing else is needed. See that
the digestive tract is not pver-
Now Growing Crops Without Soil , ,
BERKELEY, Calif. .'. . So successful has Dr. W. F. Gericke been l
experiments at the University of California Agricultural, station, in
erowine veeetables. eralns and flowers without soil, that commercial
companies near here are now' producing vegetables from tanks filled
with the nutriment solution of salts. Photo shows Dr. Gerlcke and'
wife picking tomatoes from plants
loaded by using a gentle but ef
A quinine capsule, three grams
may be taken every four hours for
two or three days. v. That's. all -that
seems necessary to. break a common
REPORT OF CONDITION OF
TTUEIIE HBAMS (DIF IFIUlAMKILm
Of Franklin, in the State of North Carolina, at the Close of (
Business on December 3 1st, 1936 -
-"'.ASSETS' .. ; ' '
1. Cash, balances with other banks, and cash items in process of collection '$153,332.30
3. United States Government obligations, direct and fully guaranteed...... 46,500i00 ,
4. State, county, and municipal obligations...'. 65,943.15
7. Loans and discounts .i. ................... 55,258.69
9. Banking house owned, furniture and fixtures.................'..,, 15,068.44 r .
11. Other real estate owned 25,981.00
15. Oier assets 55.63
16. TOTAL ASSETS ;..t".. $362,1391
1 LIABILITIES AND CAPITAL
' ' ' '
17. Deposits of individuals, partnerships, and corporations: .. , ,
(a) Demand deposits 229,300.69
(c) Other time deposits :.. 22,331.50
18. United States Government and postal savings deposits....!.: ...i 3,566.47
19. State, county, and municipal deposits. '.41,231.12..
21. Certified and officers checks, letters of credit and travelers cnecks. sola
for cash, and amounts due to Federal Reserve bank (transit account)
22. TOTAL DEPOSITS ..$297,797.56
29. Other liabilities
31. Capital account: s
(a) Capital stock and (capital notes and debentures
(c) Undivided profits
(d) Reserves . . :
(e) Total capital account
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND CAPITAL
On December 31, 1936 the required legal reserve against
$42,231.27. Assets reported abpve which were eligible
to $153,332.30. - 1 ; ,. '
35. Pledged assets (except real estate), rediscounts, arid securities loaned:
(a) U. S. Government obligations, .direct and fully . guaranteed
pledged to secure liabilities ....
(b) Other assets (except .real estate) pledged to secure liabilities
(including notes and bills rediscounted and securities sold
under repurchase agreement)
(e) TOTAL .L..
36.' Secured and preferred
(e) TOTAL' ,
.. - - -.,.,' . . . , .
I, H. W. Cabe, Cashier, "of the above-named bank, do solemnly swear that the
above statement is true, and that it fully and correctly represents the true state of the
several matters herein contained and set forth, to the best of my knowledge and belief.
. . V- , . IL W. CABE, Cashier . .
State of North Carolina, . '..'.. v.'i... !
County of Maoom. . . ' i-
Sworn to and subscribed before me this 12th day of January, 1937, and I hereby
certify that I am not .an officer or director of this bank. " . . . '
My commission expires July 2nd, 1937... ' - , .
I', LOIS, JONES, Ndtary Public.
25 feet Men for a terrific yield.
Ltespedeza : seed are scarce and
high in price-and it is a wise idea
to secure I now all that will ' be
needed for . seeding on the small
grain in February. .
An explanation is" wasted alike
on the man who believes in you
and the man who does not. ..
liabilities: . '
P" i I
(a) Deposits secured' by pledged assets . pursuant to
(c) Deposits preferred under provisions of law but
by pledge or assets
4 . ... ... :';.,.....'.
W. A. ROGERS, Director
GROVER JAMISON, Director
M. D. BILLINGS, Director
Poultry Flocks Lay
More Eggs Per Bird
' An ' average increase of 27 eggs
per bird in the annual production
of demonstration poultry flocks . in
North Carolina has been noted
during the past nine years.
Some . of the poultrymen keeping
records on these demonstration
flocks have secured much bigger
increases, said C F. Parrish, exten
sion, poultry specialist atv State
But the average is " held down,
somewhat by new producers who
have started demonstration work
within the last few years, he added.
When the work first started,
the average was 132 eggs per bird.
During the 1934-35 year the average ,
was 152 eggs per bird, and the
1935-36 average was 159 eggs .per.'
The greater egg production
only one of the ways in which the
demonstration flocks have been im
proved by the adoption of better
practices, Parrish pointed out.
The increase in the number of
poultrymen who are keeping care
ful records indicates the growing
interest in better methods of breed
ing, feeding, and management, he
. The first year, only five flock
owners made completed records. In
the 1934-35 year, an average of 176
owners reported on 33,388 birds
each month. During the past year,
287 -owners reported monthly ,ona
total of 55,277 birds. 1 w
' During the year, these 55,277
birds consumed $97j617.73 worth of
feed and laid eggs valued at $206,-
729. ,. v ;
deposits of this bank was
as legal reserve amounted
........ ... ... $33,000.00
' -i '