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LIBERAL , INDEPENDENT
VOL. LVII, (NO. 2
FRANKLIN, N. C THURSDAY, JANUARY 8, 142
$1.50 PER YEAR
ON ALL FRONTS
President Submits Record
Budget; British, U. S.
The big news of the week has
been the Washington , pact pledg
jing 26 nations to pool all their re
sources in war against the Axis
and unification of the Allied com
mand in the Pacific, with General
Sir Archibald Wavell, British hero
of the first Libyan campaign as
supreme commander of all Allied
"land, air and sea forces in the
Southwest Pacific. ' '.
' New forces under Gen. Wavell
t are being concentrated." upon the
defense of Singapore v and the
'Dutch Indies, composed of .ABCD
(American, British, Chinese and
Dutch) units, American planes are
making their presence felt.
THE UNITED NATIONS v
, !. The United Nations pledged to
joint action following the Roosevelt
Churchill conferences, are planning
a i grand strategy "to. speed unity
on all fronts. Admiral Thomas C.
Hart, commander of the U. S.
Asiatic fleet, will head all naval
forces under Gen. Wavell; Major
'General George H. Brett of U. S.
"Air forces , will serve as deputy
Supreme Commander. Generalissimo
Chiang Kai-chek is ' in supreme
command of the ' Chinese theatre
of war, including Thailand arid
Indo-China. . , .
i:. c , .. ; '
On .Tuesday President Roose
velt addressed the Congress on the
state of the nation in a speech
that told the entire world of the
ipart the U. S. planned to play
in cooperation with the united na
tions to defeat the axis. On Wed
nesday the President submitted a
budget for $77,000,000,000 to be
-spent in the next 18 months to de
i feat the axis. The president calls
tfor $9,000,000,000 in new taxes.
The Japs have -unloosed -fierce
aerial drives on Luzon, destroying
four towns and killing many cm
lians, Gen. McArthtir has reported
'American forces are holding
"against renewed attack.
' .British still holding out under
renewed Jap 'onslauglji- by air,
land and sea along he western
' Malayan front. Long range Jap
flying boats have struck at the
Canberra, Australia, air force field.
; A CBS broadcast last night re
ported a Tokyo radio as saying
"The Japanese fleet is fighting the
U. S. fleet in the Pacific."
v, London reports that the Rus
sians are ' threatening the entire
. iurviving German army of the
Crimea, and smashing forward on
the entire battle line to Finland.
A team of- British ships and
: planes raided the German held
- Norwegian coast, and RAF pound
ed targets in Germany, France and
RAF destroyed 44 planes on the
axis airdrome in Sicily, frustrat
ing 1 supposed move to land troops
on the British - fortified island of
Malta. One British plane was lost
I William Ransom Ledford,
, Sr., Passes January 2 . .
. . William Ransom Ledford, Sr, 78,
died from a heart attack at the
home of his son, Howard, on Jan
; uary 2, 1942. He was born in Hia--f
wassee, Ga., April- 4, 1863, and was
t the son of the late Mr. and Mrs.
George R Ledford. Mr. Ledford
V was married to Miss Hattie Conley,
. w October 28, 1900, and was a citi
v zert of Macon county for 40 years,
f The funeral services were con-
ducted at . the Union Methodist
I. church at 2:30 p. m, Saturday,
January 3, with the Rev. J. C
, - Swakn officiating. The pallbearers
were. Lorenx Williamson, Jester
.- Henson, Ralph Waldroop,. George
T Hen son, Raymond Pen land, John
' ! He is survived by five tons, Qif
, ton. Dee, Richard, Schuyler, and
Howard and a number, of grand-:-
children."" His wife died several
f years ago and two sons, .William
i and Don are also deceased.
.. (' Barney Berry of Fairbanks, Alas
ka, who spent several weeks with
M his parents, Mr. and Mrs. L. A.
J Berry,, before Christmas, has re
. turned to his home. Mr. Berry has
lived in Alaska for aix years. VVhile
. here, he and his parents and sister
Ethel made an extended motor trip
, to Raleigh, Washington, Norfolk
; and Newport New.'
Some Highlights In President's ,
Speech To Congress Tuesday
The militarists in Berlin and Tokyo started this war. But the massed,
angered forces of common humanity will finish it.
They know that victory for us means victory for the institution of
democracy the ideal of the family, the simple principles of common
decency and humanity. ' .
They know that victory for us means" victory for" religion
And they could not tolerate that; The world is too small to provide
adequate "living room" for both Hitler and God.
Our ownt objectives are clear; the objective of smashing the mili
tarism imposed by war lords' upon their enslaved peoples the objective
of liberating the subjugated nations the objective of establishing and
securing" freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom from want
and freedom from' fear everywhere iri the world.
We must raise our sights all
say it cannot be done. It must,
These figures (calling for 60,000 plafiwin 1942 and 125,000 in 1943;
45,000 tanks in. 1942 and 75,000 in 1943; '20,000' anti-aircraft guns in
1942 and 35,000 in 1943; 8,000,000 tons of shipping in 1942 and 10,
000,000 in 1943) and similar figures for a multitude of other imple
ments of war will give the Japanese and Nazis a little idea of just what
they accomplished in. the attack on Pearl Harbor. -
Our task is hard our task is
We must strain every existing armament-producing facility to the ut
most. We must convert every available plant and tool to war produc
tion. That, goes all the way from
irom me nuge automuuue iniuusiry
t i i , . . . i . 1 ' 1 ; I. .
We have already tasted defeat.
must , face the fact of a hard war,
Telephone Head Will Go
To Charlotte With
Ben Woodruff, for the- past four
years manager of the Western
Carolina Telephone company of
fices 'in Franklin, Highlands, Sylva,
Cullowhee, Bryson City and Clay-
ton, Ga has accepted a position
with the Southern Bell Telephone
company in cnariotte. fie ana
Mrs. Woodruff and son will leave
Franklin for.,, their new home at
the end of the month.
Mr. Woodruff's new position is
a deserved, promotion, which will
place him in Southern . Bell's di
sion plant department
JT. R. Hughey, of Asheville, who
has, been working with the South
ern Bell Telephone company in
Asheville and Charlotte, will suc
ceed Mr. Woodruff as manager
of the Western Carolina company.
He is already on the ground, ac
quainting himself with the work,
and will be ready to take over
when Mr. Woodruff leaves.
Mr. and Mrs. Hugrey will, move
to Franklin about he first of
February. They have one child.
A. G. Cagle Appointed
'Chairman Of Infantile
- Paralysis ( Campaign
A. G. Cagle has been apponited
Franklin chairman of the Infantile
Paralysis Campaign which is held
annually at this time each year. ,
The Foundation that was establish-1
ed by. President Roosevelt for the
prevention and treatment of poly-,
omelitis promotes this national!
drive for funds at the time of the
Plans will be announced next
week. . ',.
Expert Shooting Wins
Joseph D. McDowell, son of Mr.
and Mrs. Frank W. McDowell of
Cullasaja, who . left Franklin on
July 22 with 16 other selectees.
and who later enlisred for three
years in the Coast Artillery, is at
home on a 10-day furlough. He
has received a. medal witb two
bars for expect automatic rifle
and pistol shooting.
Island, his Battalion is stationed
in Central Park, New York City.1
where he mans an anti-aircraft)
gun. He is a member of the 3rd
Battalion in charge of guns and
ammunition and also searchlights
for the defense of the city against
air raids. " .
Enlists In Navy
Lester L. Arnold, Macon county's
efficient Registrar of Deeds, was
accepted as a volunteer in the
Navy on January 3 at the Raleigh
office. He had already passed his
examination in Asheville on De'
cember He is at home on fur-'
lough until Saturday, January 10,
when he will report back to Ral
eigh and Norfolk. - -
C Tom Bryson wi3 serve as
along the production line. Let no man
be done and we .have undertaken to
unprecedented and the time is short.
the greatest plants to the smallest
. .1. . '11 l: -1
w uic viikagc uiatniuc siiujj.
We may suffer further setbacks. We
a long war, a bloody war, a costly
Committee For Red Cross
' All reports on the Red Cross
War Relief campaign have not yet
been turned in to Harley Cabe,
county chairman, so that the full
amount raised to date in Frank-
in and rural sections Cannot be
announced this week. A con sider-
i able amount was raised last aat
urday by the women's committee,
with representatives in the poat
office at 1 the dime board and in
the Bank building. Many firms
have already contributed 100 per
cerjt, and others are' expected to
The committee hopes to raise the
entire quota of $1,500 by next Sat
urday, January 10, when collections
will again be made at the Bank
For 'Enlistment For Duty
Special notice has been given
that Lieutenant Commander E. J.
Spaulding, eES-V(S), U.S.N.R.,wiH
visit the Navy Recruiting Station,
Post Office Building, Raleigh, on
January 9, 1942, for the purpose of
interviewing candidates for head
quarters construction companies.
These men must be able to pass
the usual physical qualifications for
Class V-6, Naval Reserve, and will
be enlisted with ratings according
Men interested should present
themselves . at the above address
(at their own expense), at 8 a. m.,
on the morning of January 9.
Those accepted by Lieutenant
Commander Spauling, will be en
listed and placed on active duty
with pay, forwarded to the Naval
Training Station, Newport, R. I,
for a three-week period of indoc
trination. Age limits for this Class are
from 17 to 49 inclusive.
Rates of pay to commence (with
out previous Naval Service):
Chief petty officers, $99 a month.
First class petty officers $84 per
month. Second class petty offi
cers $72 a month. Third class petty
1 officers $60 a month. Seamen first
class and above, receive an addi
ttonal allowance of $1.15 a day for
Uniforms, subsistence' and lodg
ing, medical and dental care, are
(Signed) McF. W. WOOD,
Lieutenant Commander, U. S. Navy,
Franklin Man Injured
In Bus Wreck
Frank Cunningham of Franklin
Route 3 received broken legs, face
and head lacerations, Wednesday,
December when an Asheville
Atlanta bus left the highway two
miles east of Commerce, Ga. He
was taken to a Commerce hospital
io s serious condition, sni bit
Rationing Board To Post
Macon county's tire quota for
January has been announced by
the local board as follows:
Passenger cars. motorcycles and
light trucks, six 'tires, five tubes.
Truck and bus, tires, 27; tubes,
The tire rationing board com
posed of Dr. W. E. Furr, J. E.
Perry and Roy F. Cunningham,'
were' cwnrri in aiiirrlav Tannarv
- - " - - i , j -
3. These citizens serve without
pay. They will meet weekly and
rationing - made by them will be
posted on the bulletin board in
the court house every Tuesday
morning, showing the applications
which have been approved and to
whom they go for their certifi
cates. Inspectors Appointed
Application blanks, which have
been placed in the hands of all
, tir- Hi,r ; PYanUin fiiw
ber of the rationing board, ac
cording to Dr. Furr, chairman. L.
B. Phillips, Lee Poindexter and
L. M. Patton have been designat
ed as authorized inspectors for
the tire rationing board. This board
has received its instructions and
regulations from the Office of
Price Administration to ration tires
by certificate for cars and trucks
vital to civilian needs; that is to
v rrnti9l tn tt, r
or to the health and welfare - of
Dam Work Applications
Now Being Made
The Fontana dam site on the
Little Tennessee in Swain county
will be open for work soon, ac
cording to iroformatioji - received
from Gordon R. , Clapp. general
manager of TV A.
Applications for work on these
jobs are now being received. Blanks
may be had at post offices in the
surrounding area, and will be re
ceived up to January 16.
T. W. Porter, postmaster, states
that over 400 applications have
been applied for at the local post
office. Farm Census
To Be Taken In January
To Aid Defense
North Carolina's 1942 farm cen
sus, to be taken by the U. S. and
State Departments of Agriculture Te population of each county
during January, will be used jn North Carolina in this release
throughout the State as an accur- is classified by sex, race, age, and
ate compilation of agricultural in- farm residence according, to final
formation "essential in planning data. Three major racial classifica
food for defense programs." . tions are given, white, Negro, and
'Cooperation of farmers in furn- ."other, races," the last including
ishing tax listers .with farm statis- j mainly Indians, Chinese and Japa
tics and other information for the nes- AU population is classified as
census is a patriotic duty that will rurl that s AOt living in cities or
yield money and satisfaction divi- towns of 2,500 or more. Tlhe rural-
dents", Farm Census Supervisor
W. T. Garriss of the State Depart-' 801,8 I'ving on. farms, regardless of
ment of Agriculture, said today, j their occupation.
(Information farmers will furn-1 The figures for Macon county
ish the tax listers during the next are as follows,
forty days will include data on Total population, 15,880; male, 8,
acreage, livestock, farm machinery, 185, female, 7,695.
pounlation, and poultry. Race; white, 15,414 ; native, 15,-
"North Carolina is the onlv 398;, foreign born, 15 ; Negro, 465,
l-Southern State conducting a farm
census and as a result the agricul- tI0n tt1"-
tural leadership is better prepar-1 Divided in age groups, the fig
ed today to cooperate in the 'food ures are as follows:
for victory campaigns and in the1 Under five years, 1,921; five to
"Farmers will volunteer agricul
tural information at tax listing
time and the tax lister-will for
ward countv summaries to the De
partment for publication anl dis-
tribution to agricultural agencies
and leaders, particularly those
working with the 'food for de
fense' programs", he added.
"The names of farmers giving
farm census information will be
regarded as confidential."
Every county in the State will
participate in the 1942 farm cen
sus which has been conducted for
since been brought to Angel Clinic
Mr. Cunningham was on his way
to New Orleans, La, to spend the
New Year with his son, Oran, who
is aerial photographer in the United
States Army Air Corps. Oran is
at present visiting his father and
mother. Garth Cunningham of Wil
mington, another son, employed 4n
the ship yard, is expected soon.
Ten others were injured in the
Garden, Poultry, Machinery
Repair Program Presented
Chief of Police
C. D, Baird Will Attend FBI
School for Officers of the Law
Grants Leave To Baird
To Attend FBI School
At the meeting of the town
board on Monday night, leave was
1 Krantea nie' P r',ce Bal
att.end the Fed"al Bureau of
Investigation school , that will be
o0" in G"111' S" C-Jan
uary 19 to 24. This is one of a
number' of schools being conducted
by the Department of Justice for
officers of the law throughout the
the country at this time.
P. L. Threlkeld, WPA engineer,
reported that information had been
received that the WPA grant - for
completing the street work in
Franklin had been approved in
Washington, but confirmation had
not yet been received at this of
fice. CENSUS SHOWS
Population Classified By
Sex, Age, Race And
The male population of Macon
county exceeds the female, accord-!
ing io ueiau;a statistics oi popu
lation released last week by the
1940 Census Bureau. Other details
revealed show a very small per
centage of others than native born
residing in the county
arm population comprises all per-
other races, 1. Rural farm popula-
24, 6,679; 25 to 64, 6,366; 65 and
over, 924; 21 and over, 8,391. (vot
Other figures to be released soon
will include statistics according to
counties of education, school at
tendance, citizenship, etc.
Hold Regular Meeting
The regular meeting of the
County Commissioners on Monday
handled routine matters, referring
several applicants for relief to
the county superintendent of" wel
fare for investigation.
John Dills, jailer, was granted
ten cents a day additional pay
for each inmate of the county jail
until April 1, to cover extra ex
pense during the winter months.
Sgt Paul J. Bradley, son of Mr.
and Mrs. Rav Bradlev of Franklin
r..- i i j.j j. !
wuic wuu was wuunucu during
the recent maneuvers in the east
ern part of the state, is reported
to be recovering satisfactorily. The
collision of a car and tank during
a blackout on November 17 caused
Sgt Bradley to sustain a skull and
: ' A vN X 1
Large Meeting of Leaders
Hear Plans For Increase
More than 200 fanners and farm
women who are leaders in Macon
county's "Food For Freedom" pro
gram crowded the auditorium of
the Agricultural building on Mon
day afternoon. How to increase
garden and poultry production and
repair farm machinery were dis
cussed at this gathering, which
was called by Sam W. Menden
hall, county agent, and Mrs. Flor
ence Sherrill, home agent, to pre
pare to meet the war needs.
Mr. Mendenhall in his address
stressed the, importance of produc
ing eggs and poultry, demonstrat
ing a practical lamp brooder that
can be made from materials avail
able on almost every farm, and at
small expense. The brooder ex
hibited was made by the boys in
the agriculture classes at the
Franklin high school, under the
direction of E. J. Whitmire, teach
er. The speaker - advised a ration
of corn, wheat, bats, lespedeza and
soy beans for poultry.
Mrs. Sherrill presented figures
to show, the difference between the
profit of having a garden suffi
cient for home needs and lass from
not having a garden. She report
ed that 2083 farmers in the county
had gardens as against 163 that
did not, and estimated that $190,000
was saved by the production of
gardens, and a minimum of $15,000
lost because of no 'gardens.
Answering the question of
What Can I do?" Mrs. Sherrill
explained an exhibit of seeds for
"Victory Garden" which con
tained "a whole arsenal of wea
pons" towards winning the war.
She quoted Winston Churchill in
dosing "May we all come through
this year with safety and honor."
Lynn Present Machinery Repair
J. C. Lynn, district farm agent,
who, as a reserve officer, expects
to be called to military service
shortly, presented the Farm Ma- .
chinery Repair - Program of the
government. As against the need
for increased machinery to pro
duce more food with fewer men,
with a 75-80 per cent shortage of
metal, he laid before the meeting
the details to be followed to meet
The solution included the re
pairing of old machinery, ordering
of replacement parts and collect
ing all scrap iron on the farm to
be used in the manufacture of
It -was suggested that this metal
be donated for the Red Cross War
Cooperation with local hardware
dealers by placing written orders
for repair parts needed was an
important part of this program.
Those present were urged to carry
this information to every farmer
in the county. He urged the pas
tors of rural churches to carry
the message of the collection of
scrap iron to - their congregations.
Red Cross Articles
Mrs. James E. Perry, Red Cross
production chairman, requests that
all baby blankets be returned to
the Red Cross distribution center
at the Episcopal rectory .at once,
whether they are finished or not.
The shipment will have to go for
ward at an early day.
"There is still plenty of wool .
for knitting sweaters and socks '
and we need more knitters, said
Mrs. Perry. This appeal goes to
all women in the county who can
give this service to the soldiers
and sailors in: their spare moments
at home. Mrs. W. H. Sellers, chair
man of knitting, has taught a
number of women how to knit. For
anyone who wishes to learn Mrs.'
Sellers will provide ' a teacher.
Mrs. Bill Cope Of,
Mrs. Lillie Cope, 56, of the Nan
tahala township, died Sunday Jan
uary 4, at 10 p. m. She was born
June 2, 1885, and was the daugh
ter of Mr. and Mrs. James Waters
Final rites were conducted Tues
day, January 6, at the Nantahala
Baptist' church, with the Rev.
Philip Passmore in charge of the
Mrs. Cope is survived by her
husband, two daughters, Mrs. Ellis
Buchanan of Franklin Route 3,
Mrs. Willard Johnson- of Andrews,
and two brothers, Sam Waters of
Aquone and Harrison Waters of
North Belmont; two sisters, Mrs.
Susie McOure of Biltmore and
Mrs. Martha Hicks of Aquone, and