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Entered at Post Office, Franklin, N. C.. as second class matter
Published every Thursday by The Franklin Press
Franklin, N. C. Telephone 24
AUGUST 18, 1955
A Fine Start
A community that can put on two such worth
while events (the Franklin Centennial and last
week's county fair) in a single season has some
thing-. That was the comment of a loyal if only
summer resident. The Macon County community
has proved, he added, that lack of size is no bar to
To which we voice a fervent amen.
As this is written, figures are not available on
the number of fair entries or on the attendance.
But again, size is no final criterion. Judged by qual
ity, the fair was highly successful. Many of the
entries were eye-opening as revealing what can
and is being done here ; and the originality and skill
of execution that w*ent into some of the booths
and many of the exhibits of hand-work were
enough to make anybody proud to live in Macon
This year's fair, of course, was only a start. Next
year's, it is reasonable to hope, will be bigger. We
won't worry too much about that, though, if the
fair continues to get better.
Incidentally, this community's versatility and
cooperative attitude were demonstrated in the mer
ger into a single, well balanced whole of such diver
gent projects as the fair proper, the Franklin Gar
den Club's flower show, and the Macon County
Governor Hodges' Speech
That was a remarkable speech Governor Luther
H. Hodges made last week. It was significant for
what it said ; but it may prove to be even more
significant in other respects.
Discussing the segregation-integration problem,
the North Carolina chief executive said, in sub
stance: Let's do, voluntarily, what the Supreme
Court has said we may not do, by force of law.
Does Mr. Hodges propose to defy the Supreme
Court? On the contrary, the words of a great and
revered jurist, Judge John J. Parker, of the U. S.
Court of Appeals, suggest that the governor's pro
posal complies with both the letter and the spirit
of the high court's decisions outlawing segregation
in the public schools.
Governor Hodges quoted Judge Parker's recent
statement that the court "has not decided that the
states must mix .persons of different races" or "de
prive them of the right of choosing the schools
they attend. . . . All that it has decided is that a
state may not deny to any person on account of
race the right to attend any school that it main
tains. ... If the schools are open to all races, no
violation of the Constitution is involved even
though the children of different races voluntarily
attend different schools, as they attend different
"Nothing in the Constitution or in the decision
of the Supreme Court takes away from the people
freedom to choose the schools they attend. The
Constitution, in other words, does not require in
tegration. It merely forbids discrimination."
The heart of Governor Hodges' speech was an
appeal to Negro citizens to cooperate with the
state in working out a system of voluntary segre
He cited the Negro's progress as cause for race
pride. He pointed to Negro teacher employment ?
segregated North Carolina employs live times as
many Negro teachers as non-segregated New York,
though the Negro population of the two states is
approximately equal ? as a practical advantage of
the segregated system. And he praised the two
races for working together, as separate groups but
side by side, in good will.
Then he said :
In spite of this outstanding record of good race rela
tionships here in North Carolina, we are being made the
the object of a campaign by an organization which seems
determined to destroy our interracial friendship and di
vide us into camps of racial antagonism. This organization
is known as the NAACP and, apparently is the declared
enemy of the principle that the Negre race can take care
of its own children as well as can any other race. Al
though this group avows that the end it seeks is equality,
its leaders have obviously convinced themselves that you
are not capable of assuming equality. A race which can
achieve equality has no need to lose itself in another race.
Yet, that is what the NAACP would have you do ... In
short, this organization would destroy your identity as a
rare ... I believe . . . you have and will continue to offer
convincing proof that you do believe yourselves capable
of developing your children within the framework of your
owi racial culture.
* * *
Any stigma you may have felt because of laws requiring
segregation in our public schools has now been removed
by the courts. No right thinking man resents your desire
for equality under the law. At the same time, no right
thinking man would advise you to destroy the hopes of
your race and the white race by superficial and "show-off"
actions to demonstrate this equality. Only the person who
feels he is inferior must resort to demonstrations to prove
UmU he is not. A person convinced of his own equality, of
his own self-respect, of his own raoe respect, needs no
demonstrations to bolster his own convictions. Nevertheless,
the leaders of the NAACP would urge you to make such
demonstrations by refusing to attend schools in which the
teaching personnel are members of your own race. Already
this (roup is urging lawsuits and petitions for integration
in the face of the decrees recently handed down by the
Federal Courts in South Carolina and Virginia which make
it clear that integration is not required by law and that
more time .will be needed to deal with the problem.
The policies formulated by leaders of this organization
tend to create the only kind of situation in which an
organization such as it is can survive ? that is, one of
distrust, antagonism, resentment and confusion. If the
leaders of the NAACP ever allow you to make it clear that
you have faith and confidence in the ability and compe
tence of your own schools and your own teachers by re
fusing to demand admission to schools attended by white
children, the principal reason for the existence of their
organization in North Carolina would end. Of course, their
leaders realize this and so in the interest of preserving
their NAACP organization, if for no other, they will, so
they have declared, try to push you into lawsuits over
school admissions. They will thereby, if they are successful,
force you into repudiating your own schools, your own
teachers, your own race.
Now let me put the issue to you . . . purely on the basis
of your own self-interest in your own children. Put on this
basis, your problem and the problem of your true leaders
is this: How can you get the best education for your chil
dren? Can you do it by mixing them in the public schools
through force of law and risking the abandonment of the
public schools? Or through having them attend separate
schools by choice?
If the choice is for voluntary separate school attendance,
you can count on at least as good an education for your
children as they are getting now. If our past experience is
any teacher, your schools will become progressively better
as facilities are increased and teaching improves.
On the other hand, if your answer is integration by
force of law with the attendant risks, nobody knows how
much education the children of either race will get. How
good the schools will be or whether there will be any
schools are matters dependent upon human reactions which
no one can foretell with certainty. Certain it is, however,
that the white citizens of this State will resist Integration
strenuously, resourcefully, and probably with growing
bitterness. Resistance will take the form of delay of every
kind so long as possible. And how long will that be? That
depends on many factors including the judges and the
determination and resourcefulness of both sides. Our his
tory shows how difficult, if not impossible, it is to change
by court rulings long established customs. When the law
runs up against human nature and the popular will, some
thing has to give, and not infrequently it is the law which
is changed or modified, as in the "noble experiment" of
Abolition of the public schools and their replacement
to a most uncertain extent by private ones is a last-ditch
and double-edged weapon. If that weapon is ever used in
North Carolina, its result will be appalling in ignorance,
poverty and bitterness. Generations of both races will suf
fer by it immeasurably, and it is likely that the Negro
citizens will suffer most.
* * *
And so my earnest request of you Negro citizens of
North Carolina is this: Do not allow any militant and
selfish organization to stampede you into refusal to go
along with this program I am proposing in the interest of
our public schools; take pride in your race by attending
your own schools; and make it clear that any among you
who refuse to cooperate in this effort to save our public
school system are not to be applauded but are to be con
sidered as endangering the education of your children and
as denying the integrity of the Negro race by refusing to
remain in association with it.
Is such a program good or bad? We fail to find
anything in it that warrants the bitter condemna
tion it has received from some .sources. It would
seem to warrant a trial ? if for no other reason,
as a means to ease the transition from segregation
to the greater and greater integration that seems
But is the governor's plan workable: This news
paper finds itself skeptical.
Segregation, it seems to us, is one of those
things that must be maintained intact if it is to be
maintained at all ? there must be no hole in the
dyke. The limited experience we have had al
ready seems to support that view ; because, usual
ly, when an avenue previously closed has been
opened to Negroes, more and more of them have
* * *
The importance of Governor Hodges' speech,
though, may not lie primarily in whether his pro
posal is a good or bad one, or whether it is work
able, or even in what the speech said. It is quite
possible the future may prove its real significance
lies in how it was said, and in who said it.
A reading of the full text reveals it as a care
fully thought-out appeal to reason. There is a
notable absence of bitterness, and it is phrased,
on the whole, in temperate language. And persons
who heard it delivered report that, while the gov
ernor gave evidence of deep earnestness, he spoke
calmly, without other emotion. The speech thus
was a temperately worded appeal to people's rea
son, to do something that is within the law, and
that, the governor argued, is for the best interest
That is rather a new note in the segregation
And who made the speech?
This was not a Gene Talmadge speaking. For
Luther Hodges is no demagogue. Xor is he either
an ignoramus or a fool. He is. first of all, a hard
headed business man whose training has taught
him to view things realistically, to see a situation
as it is; but a business man whose record shows
him to be both enlightened and progressive. He
is, second, a man of remarkable honesty and great
courage. He is, finally, the respected governor of
a state that has long been recognized as liberal in
its racial relations and that has rarely gone in for
In short, here is an intelligent, capable executive,
the respected head of a state that is neither unen
lightened nor reactionary, appealing to people's
reason ? not their emotions. And he says some
way must be found to avoid integration.
The how and the who of this speech, in other
words, inevitably raise the question:
Is the determination to halt integration spread
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ing from the extremists, where everybody expect
ed it, to the moderates ? where nobody expected
Recent history lends importance to that ques
tion ; it was just such a spread of opposition, from
the extreme fringe to the center, that some twenty
years ago signaled the beginning of the end of
another part of the Constitution.
L. B. Phillips
Many qualities endeared L. B. Phillips to vir
tually all who knew him. One of them was his
good natured ? never cruel ? jesting. The closer
the friend, the more often the jest ? usually spoken
with a perfectly straight face. Another was his
Beneath these and other traits that made him
likable lay something deeper, .something that com
manded respect. For Louis Phillips was a man of
integrity. It so permeated his whole nature that it
literally could be felt by even the chance acquain
Here was an honest man.
What higher praise could any man deserve?
Ike And Adlai
(Ipwa Falls, Iowa, Citizen)
The pundits who make a living speculating at length for
the metropolitan newspapers had Just as well put their crystal
balls In the attic. Because the period of speculation is all over.
When President Eisenhower, without ceremony or tears, ran
out on Dixon-Yates and tossed Oveta Culp Hobby overboard ?
all In the same two-week period, the signs were unmistakable.
He didn't need to tell anyone that he was running for a sec
ond term. That was perfectly obvious.
His dramatic radio address to the nation delivered Just an
hour before he boarded the plane for the Geneva conference
only further confirmed the already established fact. F. D. R.
couldn't have done it better.
Yes, the President is running.
So, too, for that matter is Adlal Stevenson.
And unless all signs fail, President Eisenhower is likely to
defeat Stevenson even more soundly than he did four years
ago. You simply can't beat peace and prosperity ? even when
the prosperity tends to get pretty thin before it gets out to
the nation's farmers. Which it is certainly doing these days.
Able And Fair-Minded
Officers and the court cut a wide path in liquor traffic here,
as five persons were given sentences last week on charges of
possessing liquor for sale.
Judge Dan K. Moore, in passing sentences on the five, fol
lowed up the sentiments of the recent reports of the grand
jury in asking that bootlegging be curbed in Haywood county.
Judge Moore expressed his feelings in the matter which
showed he too was disgusted with the way some of the con
fessed sellers of liquor had been doing.
We concur in the sentiments expressed in the closing mom
ents of court here Friday afternoon of the manner in which
Judge Moore conducted the court. We feel that North Caro
lina is fortunate in having a man like Judge Moore on the
Superior Court bench, and the more we see of his courts, the
greater admiration we have for his ability and fair-minded
EDITH DEADERICK ERSKINE
Weaverville, North Carolina
TO A NEW BABY
Sweet, so sweet against my heart,
The precious weight of you ?
So cuddly-warm ? I hold you close
And love you through and through;
' i '
In all the treasure life can hold
There is no dearer bliss
Than laying on your downy head
A mother's reverent kiss.
BESS HINES HARKINS
As It Looks
To A Maconite
? Br BOB SLOAN
There are many types of
Christians In my opinion.
Franklin lost one In the death
of L. B. Phillips. Mr. Phillips
was a man who put his philos
ophy of life Into being through
action rather than words. His
philosophy was Service and
True value. He
worked all his
not for the
turn, but be
cause he, sub
think, had a
to be doing
made for his work, were very
low. His judgment on a piece
of machinery was regarded by
many as a guarantee of its
Yes, in my mind L. B. Phil
lips possessed the characteris
tics of a Christian to a greater
degree than many who sit on
the front row In church.
* * *
I do not believe that the peo
ple of Franklin realize quite
what It would mean to them if
half of the tourists who stop
here each night could be per
suaded to stay another day and
Look at It this way.
Approximately one hundred
cars stop here each night. They
will certainly average two per
sons to the car. Chamber of
Commerce surveys and other
reports say that a tourist
spends $20 on the average each
twenty-four hours. Due to the
reasonable charges here, let's
assume that they spend $10
each twenty-four hour period
they are In Franklin. Unless my
arithmetic is way out of kilter
that is $2,000 a night.
It sure looks to me like it
would be worth the merchants
or the town itself spending
money to put some attractions
here that would keep those
people extra time. It's funny to
me we raised $30,000 to help
bring Burlington Industries
(which is a fine thing) here,
but I doubt that you could
raise half that amount to spend
for attractions to keep the
$1,000 a night pay roll here that
I am writing about.
(Looklnf backward through
the files of The Press)
50 TEARS AGO THIS WEEK
Misses Alice and Lizzie John
son, of Hall Moon Island, Tenn.,
arrived Thursday evening to
spend several days visiting their
sister, Mrs. J. A. Munday.
The American Mineral Com
pany has fitted up an office
and workshop in the Munday
Brick Store building.
?Mr. and Mrs. J. M. L. Mc
Cracken and Mr. and Mrs. Pink
McCracken, of Haywood Coun
ty, were here last week and
purchased a farm in the Ing
ram settlement and will become
citizens of Macon County.
25 YEARS AGO
Mr. Bonnie Berry, of Atlanta,
is spending two weeks vacation
with his parents, Mr. and Mrs.
L. A. Berry.
The Hon. Josiah Bailey, on
his visit to Franklin Saturday,
was accompanied by Mrs. Bail
ey and two of their children,
who had never before visited
this portion of North Carolina.
Mr. Hall Swain, of Durham,
was a week-end visitor at the
home of Mrs. W. W. Sloan.
10 YEARS AGO
Mrs. Zeb W. Conley left last
week for Wilmington, .Del.,
where she plans to spend sev
eral days visiting her daughter,
Mrs. J. K. Hunter, and .Mr.
Miss Louise Corbin is attend
ing Knoxville Business College,
where she is enrolled in the
secretarial course, it has been
reported by Mack R. Cameron,
editor of the Knoxville Business
Mr. and Mrs. Howard Valen
tine and son, of Winston-Salem,
are here for a visit with Mrs!
Valentine's mother, Mrs. C. C.