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Entered at Poet Office franklin, N. C , as second class matter
Published e?erj Thursday by The Franklin Press
Franklin, N. C. Telephone 24
FEBRUARY 16, 1956
A Poor Reason
About all we were trying to say. in that January
26 editorial, "Old Krror, New Twist", was that for
Asheville to try to get a four-year college so it
could attract industry was a heck of a reason to
get a college. In other words, that education is
worth while, for itself.
We must not have said it very well, because Mr.
Sloan's letter, in last week's issue, and Mr. Corbin's,
this week, indicate the editorial was misunderstood.
As it turns out. maybe that was just as well ;
because anything that will stir up discussion of ed
ucation, and what it's for, is highly desirable.
Both letters put emphasis on the practical ? one
en the practical value of education, the other on the
value of practical education. We are not inclined to
argue either point.
What we do maintain is that that kind of edu
cation alone is not enough.
If all we do is teach people how to earn a living,
we. shall be giving them a poor education for living;
and, after all, the second is the end, the first only
a means to that end.
Moreover, we shall have a hopelessly inadequate
education for citizenship. For the first requirement
of good citizenship in a democracy is the willing
ness and the ability to get the facts, to think hon
estly and straight, and to act unselfishly and fear
lessly. When we stop educating people to do those
things ? in fact, when we stop putting first em
phasis on that kind of education ? we might as
well kiss democracy goodbye.
And of the three, mind and character are pri
mary; action secondary. A mob acts! And it acts
the way it does for lack of thought and of char
Schools And Money
That proposal, presented to the county board of
education last week, that the county's schools be
put on an independent financial basis, makes sense.
Any person informed about the purposes of the
P. T. A. will tell you that it is not meant to be a
fund-raising organization. And if it's bad for the
P. T. A. to have to divert attention from its real
job to that of raising money, how much worse is it
for the schools !
There is a serious question about the desirabil
ity of school "stores" under any circumstances.
How can you expect a child, for example, to cat
the wholesome, well balanced lunch the schools try
to provide, if he's been to the store half an hour
earlier to fill his stomach with candy and soft
Even more important, raising money isn't what
the schools are for. Nor is it what teachers are
trained for. Every hour a teacher has to devote to
operating ? and keeping books on ? a school
"store", or in other money-raising activities, is an
hour taken from his real job ? teaching. And why
lose the service of a good teacher in order to get
what probably will turn out to be a second-rate
Not Their Business
John Myers has been subpoenaed to appear be
fore the House UnAmerican Activities Committee
at a hearing in Charlotte, presumably to testify
about his connection, ii" anv, with Communism. Mr.
M vers is a professor at Campbell College, a small
Baptist institution at Buies Creek, N. C.
We don't know Professor Myers. We don't know
?what he believes or what he teaches. For all we
know, he may teacb that the earth is flat and that
black is white; for all we know, he may even advo
But Campbell College is not supported by tax
money; it is a private, church school. And so what
, Mr. Myers teaches is the business, it occurs to us,
of the institution's board of directors and the Bap
tists. It certainly isn't our affair. And it isn't any
business of the House UnAmerican Activities Com
We'd be pleased if the school's board of trus
tees told the committee members just that. It's
high time somebody told 'em.
CAN WE AFFORD IT?
RALEIGH. ? Traffic mishaps on North Carolina highways
in 1955 totaled a staggering $110,295,000, the Motor Vehicles De
partment has announced. The immense dollar toss from acci
dents represents funeral expenses, hospital bills, property dam
age, law suits, insurance claims, and other expenses connected
with the high cost of highway carelessness.
Getting Nowhere? Fast
What happened at the University of Alabama
last week was a sickening" spectacle.
This is the year 1956, hut at Tuscaloosa, an an
gry, yelling mob hurled eggs and rocks at the
Alabama institution's first Negro student ? and at
University officials trying to protect her.
And bad as the violence was, its importance was
minor as compared with future ill effects; for if
ever the South needed understanding, it is today.
Well, the mob chose a poor way to get it. It will
take a lot of Christian charity for non-Southerners
to feel sympathetic understanding for an area that
resorts to mob violence. Even from the viewpoint
of the rabid segregationist, what happened was
the height of stupidity; because the mob struck a
terrible blow, in the field of public opinion, at the
very thing it was trying to protect, segregation.
Nor is the other side of the picture encouraging.
When we think of a college, most of us have a
picture of young persons eager for education, and
grateful for the opportunity to get it. But the 26
vear old Negro woman whose presence in the Uni
versity precipitated the violence is hardly convinc
ing in that role.
The evidence suggests, in fact, that what was in
volved was not education at all, but a break
through the color line : that the Negro coed was not
even acting on her own initiative, b(tt was a tool in
The assistant to the president of the University
and the institution's dean of women risked their
own lives in a determined and successful effort to
save the Negro student from the mob. And what
ever her legal rights to attend the school, the Uni
versity officials would have deserved censure had
they failed to do what they did do, after quiet was
restored ? temporarily exclude her from the Uni
versity. for her own protection.
Yet her sole reaction was an ultimatum to re
admit her within 48 hours, or face the conse
That was less spectacular than the mob's vio
lence: it also was entirely legal.
But it is an equally bad way for people to get
along with others. And surely there can be no
argument about this truism:
Whatever the law may be, good race relations
depend, finally, on good will.
In that area, we seem to be getting nowhere,
Train People To Do'
Editor, The Press:
To your editorial of January 26 entitled, "Old Error, New
Twist", allow me to make a few late comments.
You state: "Education is meant to build an individual who
will have some understanding and appreciation of the world
he lives In. And in a democratic country such as otm. It ia
also meant to build citizens with the intelligence to analyze
(acts and reach conclusions, and the character to urge the
validity of those conclusions,"
Unfortunately, for our democracy, your statement is true.
How sad it is that education ends in understanding, appre
ciation.' citizens with intelligence to analyze facts and reach
conclusions, and character to validate conclusions! Woeful are
we who do not make practical application. Education should
be meant to train people to "do".
Of what good is education if it only gains a head full of
knowledge and ability? Why educate people if they cannot put
education into use? Shouldn't education be a process of put
ting into practice while we learn? Doesn't our democracy have
too many "educated" people 'and not enough action?
Also, it is a sad thing that "education has nothing to do
with making money ? or attracting industry". Education
should be action and action should be the backbone of in
dustry If industry were action, and if education were train
ing for action, then industry and education would be insepa
rable. Too, how can we separate vocational and technical
training from training in civilized necessities such as health,
language, citizenship, and all the other sciences Can we as
? sume that industry can prevail without some degree of the
use of communication, cooperation, etc.? Or would we rather
advocate the use of vocationally and technically trained can
nibals in industry?
Sincerely, ' *
Wales, Alaska. W1LFORD W CORBIN
Let us never forget that the cultivation of the earth is the
most important labor of mankind. ? Daniel Webster.
' By WIDUl JONES
In any job, there's a lot of
routine and drudgery. That Is
true of newspapering; I some
times think, in fact, it's par
ticularly true of my profession.
In view of that, I made up
my mind, several years ago, to
do at least one thing on this
job just for fun. I decided to
make this column it. And I
served notice, the very first
week the column appeared, it
would be written strictly for
fun; when it wasn't fun to
write it, it wouldn't get writ
Any newspaperman will tell
you that's a bad way to write
a column. He'll tell you, in the
first place, that if a column is
any good at all, the reader will
look for it every week; and he'll
tell you, in the second, that,
human nature being what it is,
such an attitude gives the col
umn-writer a perfect alibi for
indulging his laziness.
Maybe that's all true. But if
people have missed the column
when it didn't appear, my guess
is the reason they missed it was
the very fact it is written for
fun ? if I'd written it from
a sense of duty, it probably
wouldn't have been worth read
ing. And about that business of
laziness; I confess to a double
quantity of that sin. But after
all, who goes fishing because
he ought to!
Well, for several weeks, I've
had exactly nothing to say; so
I've said it.
* ? *
It has been six weeks since
the Rev. S. B. Moss, in a letter
to The Press, suggested that a
group of interested citizens sit
down together to discuss the
problem, here in Macon County,
created by the Supreme Court's
decision outlawing segregation
in the public schools. It has
been three weeks since the sug
gestion was seconded by the
Rev. A. Rufus Morgan.
The proposal has been greet
ed by an almost total silence.
The reason for that silence I
Do most people here think
there is no problem? That is
highly improbable. Are Mr. Moss
and Mr. Morgan the only Ma
con County citizens interested
in the problem? Surely not. Has
everybody else here made up
their minds so definitely they
don't want to hear anybody
else's ideas? That wouldn't be
characteristic of Macon County.
Whatever the reason, I think
the silence is an unhealthy sign.
So far as I can figure, there
are just four possible ways we
can meet the court ruling: We
can defy it; we can evade it;
we can voluntarily comply, care
fully planning, in advance, just
how; or we can sit still and be
forced to comply.
It's been nearly two years
since the court first held segre
gation unconstitutional. It's
high time, it seems to me, we
did some discussing ? if for no
other reason than to decide
which of those four possible
courses to take. Those who
think we ought to defy or evade
ohould welcome such a discus
sion, because there's no chance
to do either without some
agreement; nor is there any
chance of success in doing eith
er, until and unless we decide
what we're going to do. and
then decide how. And surely if
we intend to comply, it would
be more in keeping with Macon
County character to do it vol
So when you get ready to call
your meeting, Mr. Moss, I can
tell you one man who'll be
there. I may disagree with
everything you say, but I'm
willing to hear you say it. I'm
willing, too, for you to ex
amine my attitude and my
arguments; I believe they'll
stand up under examination.
Beyond that, I recognize that
I could be wrong; and if I am,
I'd be a fool not to welcome the
chance to be set straight.
? ? *
I sometimes think there's
more truth than humor in the
comment I heard the other day:
"These labor-saving devices
are working us all to death."
And this one, from a jolly,
charming 82-year old woman,
seemed typical of Macon Coun
ty. In reply to my question,
"how are you", she promptly
"As long as I feel this good,
I'll never die!"
That, it seems to me, illus
trates the way folks here com
bine humor with courage to
defy every difficulty, even that
of old age.
* ? *
"You can't fight progress",
someone said to me the other
day, referring to a particularly
undesirable feature of current
The heck you can't! You can
fight anything. And as long as
you fight, there's always a
chance to win.
?IT'S LIGHTNING THAT DOES IT
Nonagenarian Tells Of OldDays, Ways, Neighbors In Macon
Ministers in tiie pulpit might
as well save their voices, for
"it is not the thunder that
does It ? it Is the lightning".
That was the advice given the
Rev. Ebenezer Myers, Macon
native, when he was licensed to
preach here, back in 1888.
Mr. Myers relates the Incident
in a letter to The Press.
Now retired, but still active,
despite his 90 years, he lives at
Lenoir. But his heart turns to
the home of his boyhood, in
the bend of the Little Tennes
see River, about three miles
down the river from Franklin;
and his affection for this coun
ty, and particularly for the old
days here, is expressed in some
verses that accompanied the
Both are neatly typed, but a
postscript to the letter Is writ
ten in a firm, bold, legible hand.
The letter, addressed to the
editor of "The Franklin Press,
or successor", reads:
"I have been thinking of the
days of my boyhood and the
humble little community of my
childhood and youth, and have
written a little poem; not for
the sake of poetry, but to com
memorate the little home and
"My brother James (Jim),
who recently died, lived In the
old home (which has been re
novated). His widow and son,
James, are living there now.
Another son, Leonard, lives up
the road toward Georgia.
"The little home was ar.d
in about the center of the big
bend of the Tennessee River,
about two and one-half miles
"This is not a poem, as some
of the laws of true verse are
broken: My object is to express
a true son's appreciation of this
home and community, and call
others' attention to It.
"I preached Jan. 4, my 90th
birthday, to about double the
usual congregation in a little
church near me; went to bed
with "flu" next day.
"I am sending you some of
my tracts. I have written and
had printed and distributed
about 125, and more than 130,
000 have gone out free.
in the old Methodist Church
in Franklin, I was licensed to
exhort in 1886, in 1888 was licen
sed to preach, and in 1890 was
recommended to the Western
tforth Carolina Conference for
admission on trial, and was ad
mitted in November. Dr. J. M.
Lyle was secretary of the Quar
:erly Conference that licensed
me to preach. At this confer
;nce Dr. C. D. Smith, a retired
Methodist preacher, gave me
this good advice as we came out
: >f the church:
" 'Brother Ebb, don't ruin
/our voice "ranting". It is not
,he thunder that does it ? it
is the lightning'. Blessings on
the memory of those dear men
SEE BACK PAGE FIRST SEC
BOB SLOAN I
?Let the law of supply and
demand regulate prices," is a
common cliche used by the
American people. Unfortunate
ly, it is not a panacea that
cures all economic ills under all
One condition, that must ex
ist, is a free, open, and com
petitive market. It is becoming
increasingly evident that this,
supposedly, basic law of eco
nomics is not functioning in our
country. Perhaps, it is because
the condition of a competitive
market does not always exist. If
this is so, then it is the obli
gation of the government to
make a free market.
My contentions are based on
the following conditions that
exist today. In the automotive
field, supply is so plentiful that
workers are being laid off, yet
there has been no noticeable cut
in price of the new car. Cer
tainly the producers could af
ford it from a profit standpoint.
General .Motors, the biggest of
the car producers, just complet
ed its biggest year, from a prof
it standpoint, with a profit of
more than one billion dollars
for the year, the largest any
company In the history of our
country has ever declared.
In the petroleum field, which
has adequate supply and a con
stant demand, Standard Oil
Company of New Jersey de
clared a profit of nearly a bil
lion dollars; yet there is no
hope in sight for reduced gas
We must realize that com
panies can become so large that
they dominate the market and
stifle the theoretical force of
competition. Perhaps^ other pro
ducers could cut the price, but
they realize that the gigantic
leader, at the top, can cut too,
and they would have gained
nothing, so the leader sets the
price and competition becomes
only a theory which is used as
a veil to shadow monopolistic
tendencies. The smaller and the
more numerous the competitors,
the less this is true, and the
more the theory of competition
changes to a reality.
If we are to maintain a true
capitalistic system, government
must be used to see that all
members of our economic sys
tem conform to the principal
rules, else we become like a
car without a steering wheel.
(Looking backward through
thft files of The Press)
50 YEARS AGO THIS WERK
Bird Jacobs and Dock Mal
lonee left Monday for Fossil,
Ore., to try the "Wooley West"
a while. The Press wishes them
Mr. J. C. Weaver returned
Monday from Sylva, having
taken his daughters over there
last week. Miss Leona has a
position as clerk with the Sylva
Supply Company, and Miss
Juanita has a position in
Knight's drug store.
Revenue officers J. B. Easley
and R. J. Crawford, of Jackson
County, were here a day or two
last week, but failed to make
any seizures or capture any
25 YEARS AGO
Mr. Fred Palmer, who is mak
ing his home in Akron, Ohio,
has been spending a few days
with his father, Jake Palmer.
Mr. Palmer will return to Akron
Dr. Frank M. Killian, of Nan
tahala, was a dinner guest of
Mr. and Mrs. D. G. Stewart,
at the Scott-Griffin Hotel last
Col. J. R. Simmonds, of
Johnson City, Tenn., visited rel
atives in Franklin the first of
10 TEARS AGO
A total of 3.26 inches of rain
fell here during the 24 hours
ending at 8 a. m., last Sunday,
according to official figures
compiled by Weather Observer
Guy L. Houk.
J. Harvey Trice and W. C.
Ball, of Thomasvllle, Ga., were
visitors in Highlands the first
of the week, spending the time
with Mr. and Mrs. Prank B.
Cook and at Hotel Edwards. ?
Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Gnuse and
two sons, who have been living
in the Carolina Apartments on
West Main Street, have moved
to the home of the late Mrs.
J. W. C. Johnson, on Harrison
Avenue, which they purchased