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THE PILOT, IKCCHi?>F.AT. -
Southern Pin**. North Cm V ja
i34i- -J.?T ?8 BOYdT PuMbher?"lg$?
KATHARINE BOYD 7TV Editor
VALERIE NICHOLSON Asst. Editor
DAN S. RAY General Manager
C G. COUNCIL Advertising
On* Y*ax $3.00 _ 6 Months $1.50 3 Months 75c
Entered at th* Postotiic* at Southern Pines. N. C.,
as socon J class mail matter
M.rxu. it National EdLorial Association and
It. C. Press gawthifau
Looking the Future in the Eye
Will the young people of today make a better
job of things than we did?
It is a rather ghoulish thought, this that in
evitably overtakes the adult at a school com
mencement. Looking at the bright faces and
straight young figures stepping forward so
gravely to receive their diplomas, even as the ,
heart beats high with pride there is the stabbing
thought: how are tney going to make out?
None can tell, but there are, we submit, a few
things which strongly favor the graduating
classes of today over those, say, of their parents.
Because of the circumstances of their lives,
because of the very uncertainty of these critical
times, today's graduates stand, we believe, on
firmer ground. They are more alert, more real
istic, more capable people than were their pa
For one thing, this is a questioning genera
tion. During their years of growth, through the
depression and two world wars into an uncer
tain peace, they have acquired a healthy skep
ticism. Neither the wisdom of parents nor the
resounding utterances of the great hold for them
any particular weight. In their childhood they
heard a president, two weeks before the worst
depression in the history of this country, assure
his people that an era of vast prosperity lay
just ahead: they saw the country pull itself to
gether during those hard times, only to slide
faster and faster toward peril till Jap planes
made the decision for us at Pearl Harbor. They
saw the UN grow out of a precarious peace won
through so-called pinpoint bombing, and the
devastation of Hiroshima; they have watched
our gallant allies, the defenders df Stalingrad,
turn into the Reds of the cold war.
All the lives of those graduating today have
been lived with a question mark. It is a severe
school in which they have been conditioned, but
as a preparation for what is likely to be a severe
life, it is not a bad beginning. Like the city chil
dren, they have been exposed to a lot of germs
and have acquired a healthy skeptical immun
They are not going to be bamboozled by big
talk, or stampeded by slogans and the waving
of flags; no party will to them be sacred and
the patriotism that has its roots in nationalistic
isolationism is a thing of the past. The blind
following of -a leader is not in the picture for
young America: this is a questing, questioning
generation. Their favorite come-back is: "So
what? You're telling me!"
But if their seeming lack of faith, their hard
boiled skepticism and blighting indifference to
the opinions of their elders fills us sometimes
with dismay, we must restrain a natural criti
cism. The faith is there, in fact it is probably
stronger than our own, toughened in the com
bat school of their lives to which they have re
sponded with the defiant questioning that
troubles us. The faith is there, evident in the
alert, confident eagerness they show to get into
things and put their young shoulders to the
wheel. Thoreau once said: "if a mSn does not
keep step with his companions, it is because he
hears a different drummer." Our young people
are wide-awake to hear the beat of the future,
but, because of their conditioning in adversity,
they will not follow blindly any cal! that sounds.
It may well be that through their questioning,
through their practical appraisal of things as
they are, they may be able to find a way to
things as they ought uj be.
They have the determination, they have the
hope, they are asking the questions and they
mean to find the answers. They are looking the
future straight in the eye. We wish them god
speed on their quest.
It is good news that more patrolmen are to
be assigned to U. S. Highway Route 1. This is
certainly one very definite way in which the
accident problem in our state should be attack
Hardly a driver but will agree that one may
motor for miles and miles today on our high
ways without ever seeing a patrolman. Ours is
a big state and it is, of course, impossible to
have all roads under conplete and constant su
pervision, but that the patrol is at present utter
ly inadequate is obvious. The length of time it
generally takes to get a patrolman to the scene
of an accident when summoned is evidence of
how widely scattered their men are.
Another phase of the question which involves
the highway patrol is the appearance in court
a patrolman must make when those he has ar
rested come up for trial. In most cases patfol
men spend at least one day a week, and often
more, on the legal end of their job. That means
so much time lost to the more important duty
of patrolling the highways. If a way could be
found to shorten this time spent away from the
actual prevention of accidents on the roads, it
would be a real step ahead.
But there is a further side to this matter and
one tvh'eh, we believe, is not receiving enough
attention in North Carolina: that is, making the
actual roads themselves safer. By that we mean
not only straightening bad curves, building up
soft shoulders, doing away iwth the high crowns,
that aie the curse of so many of our roads, and
redesigning the corners *u that they are banked
the right wey, but eliminating dangerous "ross
ingj and interse.lions ann improving the y.es
ent warning signals.
States where the accident rate has been
sharply reduced attribute the fact to better road
construction and attention to such safety pie
cautions. We believe our state falls way be
hind on both counts. There are many roads
where traffic is heavy which do not have the
white dividing line down the center. Road signs
warning of intersections ahead or indicating
no passing before a blind corner or sharp hiii
are conspicuously lacking. Aids to night driving
such as luminous posts and highlighted guard
rails, are the exceptions.
As to dangerous intersections, it appears to
this paper a positive scandal that such a menace
to life as the three-road intersection on Route
1 below Aberdeen could have been designed in
this day and age. How our engineers could have
passed up this opportunity to put in a circle or
eloverleaf type of intersection is beyond us. As
it is, thi$ road menace does not even have signs
indicating which cars entering it have the right
of way. But what was needed here was riot
signs, helpful as they would be, but a proper
type of road intersection.
It is to be hoped that in all improvements be
ing planned for our state highway system, more
attention will be paid to the Safety factor. It
seems to us that what is desperately needed is
not more roads upon which more people may
drive faster and be killed quicker, but less dan
ger on the roads we already have. More patrol
men, more stop signs, more lights, better design
ed intersections: that should be our safety pro
We do not feel that the trouble and expense
of a second primary should be held against the
one who calls it. It is a due process of law, set
up in the interests of absolute fairness in deter
mining the vote, and of satisfaction to the voters
and candidates that justice has been done.
As this is written, a second primary is certain
in Moore, though whether or not there will be
one for the state as a whole is still in doubt. This
will be cleared up within a few hours, but our
sentiments will remain the same no matter who
calls the primary, or why, or who is running.
There was a time in North Carolina when a
second primary was automatic when the high
man failed to poll a majority, unless the second
man withdrew. Then the state law was for some
reason changed, making the holding of the run
off contingent on the second high man's chal
lenge. The difference is only a technical one, yet
the second method throws an onus on the chal
lenger which the first one did not. This should,
in absolute fairness, be disregarded.
No one cares much for second primaries. After
the heat and light of a first primary are over,
the revival has a warmed-up effect. Feelings
arc less keen, and loyalties disappear to the ex
tent that many voters do not even go to the
Yet as long as a candidate and his supporters
feel he has a good chance at the position he
wants, toward which so much effort has already
been expended; and as long as the law provides
him this second opportunity, he should take it
as his right if he desires to do so.
And it is up to each voter to give the Candi
dates in the second primary the same consider
ation he did in the first, and to go to the polls
and vote his conviction as our democracy pro
When the original Liberty Bell was cast in
England some 200 years ago, a long and dra
matic adventure began, climaxed in 1776, when
the Liberty Bell sounded America's freedom.
Today, the Savings Bonds division of the
Treasury department is conducting a national
stimulation bond drive to increase public partic
ipation in the bond program, and awareness of
the opportunity Savings Bonds afford for a bet
When Secretary of the Treasury John
W. Snyder announced that the Independence
Bond Drive would be symbolized by the Liberty
Bell, six of America's copper producers volun
teered to have 52 exact replicas of the Liberty
Bell made, to highlight the drive May 15
through July 4.
Next Tuesday one of these replicas will arrive
in Southern Pines to spotlight sales activities
and rallies. This Liberty Bell will be given to
North Carolina at the conclusion of the drive
July 4. The Btll that we will hear and see dur
ing its appearance here is exactly like the origi
nal, even to its tone
Bellmasters throughout the country have ex
amined the duplicates and assert that because
of this exact similarity of structure to the origi
nal bell, the sound is the same that was heard in
Philadelphia in 1776.
All citizens are urged to see the bell, and hear
the message "Save for your Independence."
North Carolina Primary
That North Carolina has stood by its pro
gressivism and the position of primacy it has
won in the educational renaissance that has
been so marked in the South in recent years is
the significant outcome of the North Carolina
primary. A defeat of Senator Graham would?
because of the ghosts that stalked his campaign
?have given encouragement to the forces of
reaction in the South that would like to turn
toward splinter party movements rather than
support a Democratic partv In the region that
is willing to align itself with social forces facing
race relations squarely rather than obliquely.
?N. Y. TIMES m
Newspapers Are Milestones In I
Southern Pines' ?arIy -History!
(The second of a series of
article! which will appear
weekly in The Pilot.)
By Charles Macauley
THE YANKEE SETTLER
The YANKEE SETTT.ER, the |
fourth rewspaper of southern]
Pines, was issued by the Yankee
Settler Publishing Company,
which to all intents and purposes
was Dr. L. T. Smith. Dr. Smith
headed the Southern Pines Real
Estate Agency, the Southern
Pines Supply Company, which
sold groceries, dry goods and fur
niture in that home of many en
terprises, the present "Thrift
Building" on Pennsylvania Ave
nue; also proprietor of the South
ern Pines Hotel, 1893-1896, and
Mayor of Southern Pines 1895
Dr. Smith came from Greens
burg, Pa., and lived in the house
then located on the site of the
present Pilot office building.
The Settler was 15 by 11 inches,
wide margins, 8 pages of four 1
columns with the caption, "Think
and Act." From number 1 of Vol
ume 1, January 1894, until May
1897. it was a monthly at 50e per
year. With the issue of the 25th
it was changed to a weekly under
the new numbering of Vol. 1,
number 1, at $1.00 per year. Prior
issues were numbered as volumes
1 and 2.
Number 1 of January 1894 car
ried a long article "Winter
Sports, February 1 to 8." I have
included with this file a copy of
Leslie's Weekly, March 14. 1895,
illusti sting the events
Although there was a small
pros* in Southern Pines at that i
lime the confusion of numbering
makes it quite evident that the
paper was printed elsewhere and
partly made up of the usual "boil
er plate" material. This file con
tains 18 issues from December
1895 to May 11. 1893
Frank P. Woodward reappears
on the local scene as the editor of
SAND in 1895 This 8 page paper,
15 by 11 inches, 4 columns to the
page, "A Southern Monthly for
Northern Readers," was publish
ed simultaneously at Dunmore,
Pa., and at Pinebluff where C. H.
Hall of Mr. Patrick's office was in
As with other papers it was
largely muue up uC 1 'boiler plate"
though its local columns for
Sandhill towns were newsy and
the Southern Pines column fuller
than the others.
This file includes numbers 4, 5
and 6 of volume 1, beginning with
the May and June combined issue.
This has a woodcut of Southern
Pines in 1886, number 6 has a
view of loading a train with rosin
Mr. Woodward continued this
paper fo rmany years but I am not
familiar with later issues.
The S. A. L. MAGUNDI, "a
publication devoted to the Sea
board Air Line Railway, and the
Agricultural and Industrial In
terests of the South," was a
monthly, 22 by 16 inches, 5 col
umns, 4 pages, illustrated with
(Continued on Page 3)
Greeting his hearers at the bac
calaureate service Sunday night,
the speaker. Rev. Lee F. Tultle of
Charlotte, said it was his second j
visit to Southern Pines, "But the
other time X was here I didn't
speak, so they invited me to come
back." . . . Apropros of being a
second-time visitor, he told the
story of George Bernard Shaw's
inviting Winston Churchill to the
opening of his new play, at a time
when Winnie's popularity was at
a low ebb , . . Shaw wrote, "Dear
Winston, I hope you can come to
the first night of my play . . . Am
enclosing two tickets, one for
yourself, the other for a friend?
if you have a friend." . . . Back
came Winnie's reply: "Dear Ber
nard, Thanks for your invitation.
Yes, I have a friend and we will
be happy to come to your play.
We cannot, however, attend on the
opening night, and should like to
come the second night?if there is
a second night."
A freight train stopped here at
1:15 p.m. Saturday . . . And as it
paused for a few minutes four or
five little boys, too impatient to
wait for it to move on, crawled
under it to get from one side to
the other of Broad street at one
of the downtown crossings . . .
They were beckoning to others to
"come on over" the same way
when an observant passerby noted
what was happening, and made
The little fellows were only five
or six years old . . . Too young,
maybe, to know the danger they
were inviting . . . Parents, please
caution your youngsters about
this! It could result in terrible
Many of Southern Pines' young
sters are far more safety-minded
than they were, since the start of
the splendid safety campaigns
which are being held here each
month . . . They were really put
through their safety paces at the
schools during April, and have
also benefited by the other cam
paigns held before and since . . .
After working in their own April
campaign, the school kids helped
with the Red Cross campaign in
May by writing safetv verses for
We grew very fond of ARC-kic,
the little owl, as he appeared in
The Pilot with his wise and witty
sayings in behalf of the American
Red Cross (and there, of course,
is where he got his name?ARC)
. . . Miss Billie Williams, safety
chairman at the school, inspired
the kids to get poetic about safety
. . . Some of the verses were by
adult friends, but most were by
There were a few left over and
you'll be seeing them in this col
umn. . . Wish we had the authors'
names to append to them.
Membebs of the Sandhills Ki- 1
wanis club gave a warm welcome
recently to Frederick Stanley
Smith, former music director of i
the local schools, now organist at
Christ church, Raleigh, who re
turned to act as judge at the an- '
nual choral contest for the Pic
The variety of numbers and sin- i
cere work of the young people
ade the program a highlight of
the Kiwanis year.
I In rendering his judgments, Mr.
| Smith offered no criticism of the
musicianship of the groups, as he
said this would be hard to do in ?
view of the differences in their.
sizes, makeup and offerings.
He did, however, criticize spe
I cific points in the diction and pro
nunciations of all three?"E-jup
for "Egypt," "wa-kuns" for "wak
ens," "Glorrious' for "glo rious,"
and so forth.
THE BRANNAN PLAN
To The Pilot:
Apropos the editorial in The
Pilot of 2 June?"Deane and the
I have read and studied the
"Brannan Plan"?it is complicated
but believe that it is worth a trial.
It cannot be any worse than the
From what I understand?"The
Brannan Plan" if in effect would
mean that the housewife and ev
erybody would be able to reduce
the cost of foods they purchase.!
by some 50 to 60 per cent. The
plan would cost the taxpayer no
more than the plan in use at the
Under the present price support
plan, the grower of foodstuffs
knows before he plants an acre
just what return he will get. He
knows this because the govern
ment tells him, "we will see that
the price stays up." To do this,
our government sends into the
open market buyers well supplied
with taxpayers' money and they
bid against the taxpayer?using
the taxpayers' money to run the
price up. The government buys
millions and millions of dollars
worth of produce, then sends it to
some cave where it spoils, or
dumps it into some swamp to rot.
With people starving in this
world?this food stays in the cave.
Under the "Brannan Plan," as I
see it, foodstuffs come to the mar
ket under the natural law of sup
ply and demand?when supply is
up and demand down, prices come
down. The house wife buys at a
natural price?when the reverse
happens prices go up?but it is
under a natural law, and not one
enacted by a government.
To give the farmer protection
as to price, our government sub
sidizes him; pays him, in addition
to what his produce brings in the
open market, money extra for pro
ducing. What extra the govern
ment pays is worked out by a for
mula that is complicated, but
We subsidize railroads, steam
ship lines, air lines and many oth
er businesses?so why not the
By either plan, the taxpayer is
going to have to pay?one plan
will not cost more than the other
?but the housewife will be able
to make her dollar go farther.
Politicians will not tell us the
truth about the Brannan Plan?
50 guess it is up to "The Fourth!1
Estate" to bring out the truth. I
CALVIN H BURKHEAD.
Photography and Custom Framing
HENRY H. TURNER Studio
675 S. W. Broad St. Phone 6452
Soutiwrn Pin**, N. C.
j j Fields Plumbing & Heating Co.
PINEJIURST, !T. C.
All Types of Plumbing, Healing,
(G. E. Oil Burners)
and Sheet Metal Work
AZALEA and CAMELLIA
WE HAVE VOLEK
ABERDEEN SUPPLY CO.
ABERDEEN, N. C.
See Your Clothes In a
SEE-SAFE STORAGE BAG
Transparent, Dampproof, Mothproof, Flameproof and
Pickup and DeliverY
MONDAY. THURSDAY and SATURDAY
C & C CLEANERS
Phone 6600 or 8601 ABERDEEN, N. C.
Social ? Commercial ? Portrait Photography
165 New Hampshire ? Phones 7722 - 5032
SOUTHERN PINES. N. C.
I L V. O'CALLAGHAN
Southern Pines. N. C.
DR. DAVID W. WHITEHEAD
EYES EXAMINED GLASSES FITTED
Hours 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. daily except Saturday
(Wednesday afternoon, close at 1 p. m.)
Telephone 6982?Hart Building?Southern Pines. N. C.
DEPENDABLE and PROMPT
Laundry Service Dry Cleaning Service
? WET WASH ? SUITS
? ROUGH DRY ? DRESSES
? THRIFT-T ? HATS
? BACHELOR SERVICE ? RUGS
: ? FAMILY FINISH ? DRAPERIES
Carters Laundry & Cleaners, Inc.
Phone 6101 Southern Pines. K. C.
DRY CLEANING SERVICE
V D. C. JENSEN
ANTIAirrO ALLIE McINTOSH
All 1 lljUbu Souihern Pines
67S South Wert Broad Street Telephone 6452
DRIVE CAREFULLY ? SAVE A LIFE! 4