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Southern Piatt North Carolina
"In taking over The Pilot no changes are contemplated. We will try to keep this a good
paper. We will try to make a little money lor all concerned. Where there seems to be an occa
sion to use our influence for the public good we will try to do it. And we will treat everybody
alike."?James Boyd, May 23, 1941.
A Long Look Is Needed
Last week's report of the Welfare Department
case in which three mentally deficient women
were "farmed out" to a Moore County family,
from which one ran away because of allegedly
bad treatment, called for investigation. It is re
assuring that such investigation was promptly
instituted as soon as the matter was brought to
the attention of the authorities. Further study
should clarify a situation which is, as yet, un
certain. However, those facts already known
speak clearly to the public conscience.
The first one is the system under which these
women were being cared for. It is a version of
that used by the Welfare Department in the
care of "farmed out" children, but where the
county pays such foster families for their care,
in this case the farmer in question was paid
by the labcr of the three women.
In other words, they were being kept in a
state of virtual peonage. By this method the
county was saved money and the farmer got
workers in exchange for bed and board. It is
easy to see what might happen in a system so
wide open to abuse. It may well be that, in this
case, the exchange was fair, but the temptation
for the farmer to get his labor as cheaply as pos
sible would be ever present. It is certainly hard
to imagine why any farmer would take three
such workers except that he could get them
But even if there were no truth at all in the
statements of the girl who ran away or grounds
for the anxiety of the neighbors, it does not
alter the fact that this is a thoroughly bad way
to take care of such public charges.
Figuring prominently in this case, too, of
course, is the condition of the women. It would
seem especially important that a close watch be
kept over persons who may not be able to pro
tect their own interests. These women had been
at the farm for eight months. During that time,
according to the Welfare Department, there had
been two inspections. The date of the last one
could not be ascertained. Two inspections in
eight months does not seem nearly enough, and,
surely, dates of inspection and full records
should be available for all welfare cases.
Since the investigation made by the depart
ment, it has been stated that the two women
still at the farm wish to stay and not go back to
the Lee County Home. It would be understand
able that they might prefer living in a family,
even with hard work, to being in an institution,
but, again, the mental state of these people must
be taken into consideration. They may be con
fused or may be saying what they believe will
While it should not have taken a run-away
and warning from the neighbors to bring action
in this case, it must be stated that the Welfare
Department is understaffed. It seems probable
that more efficient oaganization is needed but, it
must be realized that besides carrying on the
regular field work, the department is handling
all probation and child welfare cases and doing
it without either a probation or child welfare
worker, both time-consuming offices.
So it seems to come down to this: (1) Poor
judgment was used in the placing of these peo
ple, and in not seeing to it that a close watch
was kept over them.
(2) The Welfare Department is understaffed;
perhaps also its procedures need to be jacked up.
03) Until the state's program for the care of
the mentally ill, which will include sufficient
facilities for their proper care, is farther along,
there wiii, unfortunately, probably continue to
be cases where such inadequate and thoroughly
unsatisfactory arrangements will be made by
hard-pressed county services.
(4) Moore County officials should take a long
look at the entire county picture, from a health
and welfare standpoint, and see if and where
it needs improvement.
Keeping Administration And Policy Separate
We imagine the letter in last week's issue of
this paper, which we headed "Grains Of Corn,"
may have evoked a good many chuckles. At
least the cne to whom it was facetiously ad
dressed, owner of a good sense of humor, en
joyed it to the full. It will be recalled that it
purportedly addressed the town manager who
took the rap, so to speak, for the town council
at whom the quips were actually aimed.
But, of course, it wasn't really aimed at any
one, but was just the kind of fooling and genial
ribbing that is a welcome relief from the more
serious news cf the day.
There is this point, however, that the letter
brought out in a sort of back-hand way and
as it is a point which we feel strongly needs
emphasizing in our town government setup,
this is as good a time as any to comment on it.
The job of town manager, under the council
manager system now in effect here, is strictly
an administrative one. The council makes the
policies; the manager carries them out. This is
a point on which the present manager feels
very strongly. ?
The people elect the council; the council hires
the manager. No manager who understands his
job ever trespasses in the field of policy. He
well knows that on the clear distinction between
and separation of these two functions depends
the successful functioning of the town govern
ment. And the separation goes all the way. Just
as the council confines its duties to formulating
policy and hiring a man to carry it out, so the
council does not interfere in the way its man
does his job: his hands are free to do it as best
he can; in his turn, to hire and fire, buy and sell,
as he conducts the town's affairs. If he didn't do
a good job, out he would go.
This is in line with the system in effect in
all well-administered businesses: it has been
tested in the fire of private enterprise and has
proved its worth. Where the matter of an elect
ed government enters in, as opposed to a com
mercial system, it is even more important that
this separation be strictly adhered to.
We believe that we are most fortunate to
have in office a council made up of conscien
tious hard-working citizens, men who work
well together, with just the right amount of di
vergence in views as representing all the people.
We are equally fortunate in their choice of a
town manager to administer those affairs: a man
who is as hard-working as they and who is,
also, deeply conscious of the opportunities, re
sponsibilities and the proper limitations of his '
Red Cross: Service of Mercy
The Moore County Red Cross Chapter gath
ers for its annual meeting tonight (Friday), fac
ing a discouraging problem?little more than
half of the $17,995 quota has been raised in
the 1954 membership drive. While it is under
stood that contributions to charitable causes
come harder this year for many Moore County
families than for the past several years, essen
tial services of the Red Cross in this county
and elsewhere will suffer if the county fails
by such a large margin to reach its goal.
Readers who have so far this year neglected
to join the Red Cross or who can afford an
additional donation, may find in the Red Cross
creed, which follows, a clearer understanding
of the Red Cress and an inspiration for contin
"I believe in the service of mercy.
"I shall go to alleviate suffering and sorrow
wherever disaster call*.
"1 ask not who calls only: Where am 1 need
"1 have no price for my service but I accept
gratitude, that out of its largess I may expand
"I knew no barriers of race, color, creed nor
country; no barriers of ideologies; no obstacles
of mountains, continents, rivers nor seas.
"1 shall go to minister unto misery, following
my banner of merciful fraternal love, wherever
human beings are in need. All their needs find
me ready with my service.
"I serve all because I am of all, having been
born of the noblest instincts of mankind, of
faith in God and in his Son's redemptive mis
sion, which mission my cross symbolizes and of
merciful love for all, which my crimson color
"You who believe in me, many of whose sons
and daughters I have mothered, strengthen my
hand and re-animate my courage. For I am the
spirit of humanity marching beneath the Red
Preparations made for maneuver troops' rec
reation facilities in Southern Pines show that
this community is carrying on its tradition of
hospitality for servicemen.
Under the coordinating leadership of the town
recreation commission, churches have opened
their meeting room facilities for servicemen on
week-ends and preparations are being made for
other entertainment when greater numbers of
men visit the town in the next few weeks.
Thousands of men in the armed forces became
familiar with Southern Pines during the war
when stationed at Fort Bragg, Camp Mackall or
with the Air Force at Knollwood. Since the
war, the town has become favorably known to
many ethers during various maneuvers and, of
course, through the continuing pleasant rela
tionship between the town and the USAF Air
Ground Operations School.
While the people of Southern Pines have of
fered this hospitality spontaneously and gladly
through all these years, it remains a fact that
the town has through servicemen received a
vast amount of good advertising?something for
which a resort community can be grateful.
How's It Going?
Three Major Changes Lead Program
Of Council-Manager Administration
(Sixth and last in a series |
of articles about the council
manager form of government
in Southern Pines, now in its
ninth month of operation.)
Last December, when this series
was begun, The Pilot asked the
question, "How's it going?'' about
the new town administration then
nearing the end of its first half
year in office.
The Pilot noted that there have
been some drastic changes in the
way of doing things at town hall.
We asked: "What is it amounting
to? What, if any, are the accom
plishments to date and what are
the matters currently occupying
the manager and council?"
In five previous articles, we
have attempted to answer these
and other questions that arose
while the series was in progress.
Looking back over the series now,
we find tha^most of the new leg
islation at town hall, most of the
changes in the way things are
done and most of the accomplish
ments have been attempts to
solve the town's "main problem"
as defined by City Manager Tom
E. Cunningham last December:
"to get all services running on a
clear, business-like system, with
greatest possible economy."
Therefore the accomplishments
at town hall have been largely
invisible. They have been in the
realm of procedure, not produc
tion?and so are less easily under
stood, less recognized by the pub
lic than if they had been physical
improvements such as new build
ings or major additions to the
town's puublic works equipment.
Where results of the program
have been visible, as in the new
refuse collection ordinance which
is clearing unsightly and unsani
tary receptacles from the park
ways, the aim of the law was as
much to put garbage collection on
a more efficient and economical
basis as it was to beautify the
town and protect the public's
health. A 55-gallon steel drum
was outlawed as a refuse recep
tacle not only because it is ur.
sightly and unsanitary but be
cause collection crews lose in
time and effort?and so taxpayers
lose in money paid out and serv
ice rendered?when crews are re
quired to deal with such recep
Let s look at a summary ot tnis
as noted in previous stories in
this series?very broadly outlined
with many minor items not spe
cifically listed here:
1. Enlistment of citizen partici
pation in government through the
Citizens Advisory Committee.
2. Assurance of future orderly
development of land use through
a comprehensive modern zoning
ordinance geared to the peculair
needs of the town.
I 3. Institution of competitive bid
iding and quantity buying on as
many as possible of the 2,000-odd
items the town buys yearly, with
savings of hundreds of dollars al
4. A host of improvements in
office procedure, aimed at clear
ly defining the cost of all muni
cipal services, at getting maxi
mum efficiency from both the
employees and the office ma
chines at town hall, and starting
and maintaining accurate and
complete records of all financial
transactions and of such matters
as sewer connections, property
ownership and other vital infor
mation heretofore recorded in
completely or not at all.
5. The new refuse law; enforce
ment of parking ordinance; new
employee bonding and insurance
methods that give more protection
at less cost; and remodeling of
town hall to permit larger attend
ance at council meetings by in
creasing seating facilities, thus
also encouraging citizen attend
ance and participation in council
Three Major Measures
So far not discussed in these
articles are the measures enacted
by the council to put operation
of three of the town's major serv
ices on a business-like basis, in
accordance with the best munici
pal procedure?the sewer utility,
the water utility and the fire de
Possibly the most important of
this trio of major accomplish
ments by the new administration
is the institution of a sewer serv
ice charge that partially removes
the burden of operating the sewer
system from the taxpayers, a con
siderable number of whom do not
even have sewer service, and
places it on the property owners
who use the sewers?in proportion
to their use,
Based on water consumption,
the sewer service charge is SO per
cent of each property owner's
quarterly water bill. The first
water bills listing a sewer charge
went out last week covering the
January through April quarter.
Linked with the new sewer
charge is council's pledge to re
duce the tax rate by about 40
cents per $100 of property valua
tion?that is from $2.20 to about
jl.80. The tax reduction cannot,
of course, take effect before the
start of the next fiscal year July
1. The sewer charge is expected
to bring in about $25,000 annually,
to be applied toward operation
of the sewer utility only. The tax
reduction is expected to reduce
taxes collected in abo-ul a like
amount which hitherto had gone
to pay for operation of the sewer
system and sewage disposal plant.
The town's "take" therefore
will be about the same, but it will
be taken more fairly and equit
ably. While it would require a
sewer service charge bringing in
about $40,000 annually to put the
sewer utility on a completely self
sustaining basis (making possible
a tax rate reduction of 55 cents in
all), the present measure goes a
long way toward the self-sustain
ing objective and puts the sewer
utility on a much more healthy
financial basis. The report on
which the sewer service charge
is based" was drawn up after a
mcst detailed and comprehensive
study by the Citizens Advisory
Equalization of water rates for
all consumers in and out of town
also was effective January 1, with
results that appear for the first
time in bills going out last week.
Major feature of the ordinance
was setting the rate of all out of
town consumers at 50 per cent
more than the in-town rate, af
fecting particularly Knollwood
residents who had paid a special
rate, set some 25 years ago, equal
ing the in-town rate, while other
out of town consumers paid 50 per
cent more than persons in town.
Likewise affected are golf courses
and a few other out of town con
sumers who had special rates set
in some cases well below the cost
of production of the water, that
is, rates that amounted to a sub
sidy. Policy of the council is that
if a subsidy is to be given to golf
courses or any consumer, it should
be tagged as such and should not
be hidden us a cost-confusing item
n a water rate.
Contracts are now being signed
between out of town property
owners who live within two miles
of the town limits and the town,
by which fire protection service
will be extended by the town's
volunteers and equipment to such
property on payment of a service
charge of 25 cents per $100 valua
tion of the property to be protect
This new fire service policy
will go into effect July 1 and
will enable out of town property
owners to gain or keep preferen
tial insurance rates, provided all
property owners in various areas
pay the service charge and there
by insure protection to that en
This new law is based on the
fact that the first obligation of a
town's fire department is to the
taxpayers who support it and
who have, over the years, paid
for the fire station and highly ex
pensive equipment?plus the fact
that fire protection is a continuing
service, "there when it is needed,"
and so has a constant value to out
cf town property owners who
wish to be protected?even apart
from its relation to insurance
Studies showed that cost of
operating the fire department to
in-town taxpayers is about 20
cents of the $2.20 tax rate. In
view of this, the 25 cents per $100
"outside" charge is considered
These three major financial
measures affecting the sewer,
water and fire departments, like
other changes summarized in this
article, were not made by the
council simply for the sake ol
change. All were made to get the
town's financial machinery turn
ing more smoothly, not only- for
the present fiscal year or the
terms of office of the present
council but for eyars ahead.
All the new laws and
changes are forward - looking
measures whose effects will be
felt, often with increasing bene
fits, for years to come.
"The muddle that has to be
straightened out," saiu The Fiiut
in the first of this series, "is sim
ply a matter of growing pairs.
Every town must go through some
similar reorganization and over
hauling of methods. . . Let's hope
that we never get so big that we
lose the personal interest in our
town that our people have today."
At the end of this series, we re
peat this with renewed conviction
of its pertinance to our communi
These articles have dealt with
laws and procedures, not with
people, yet it has been rewarding
and interesting to those'closety as
sociated with the council in the
past nine months to observe them
in action, to realize that they in
dividually have differing opinions
and varied ideas, yet have united
to launch in Southern Pines a
solid and far-reaching program
for healthy municipal develop
Considerable uproar issuing
from a corner of the auditorium
at Charlotte last Friday night
prompted this member of the
Moore County delegation to the
Stevenson rally to inquire, next
morning, if any of the others
knew what it had been about.
"We ought to," they said. "We
were sitting beside it."
It appears that the Lamont
Browns, Voit Gilmore, and Cliff
Blue were sitting together, with
the unknown Stevenson rooiei
close by. As the evening proceed
ed to grow in Democratic splen
dor and excitement so did their
In fact, he joined in all the pro
ceedings with mounting vim and
vigor. The whoops and hollers
that came from their corner final
ly prompted one of the local boys
to inquire into the name and
residence of their neighbor.
"Where you from, bro.hcr?"
"Wilkes County, son," said the i
man. "Good old Wilkes County."
"And what might be the state
of things in Wilkes County?" they
asked. "Do you. for instance, go i
in for ABC stores dowr there?" i
'Well," said he, "we do and then :
we don't, you might say."
"Was this, perhaps, bottled in ;
bond? This inspiring beverage you 1
seem to have been sampling?"
asked the men from Moore Coun- l
"Well," he said again, "It might i
be and then it mightn't I'll tell
you," ho confided, 'We have
bonded liquor and all that in
Wilkes County, and we have
liquor stores, but you might say
this here was non-denominational
New Use For H-Bomb
Whether or not you would call
it a peace-time use discovered for
the H-bomb we cannot say, but a
use it is that is noted in the re
port of ! st week's presidential
press conference. This is the first
time, it is said, that the subject of
McCarthy has not come up for dis
cussion, if not for a major share
uf the talk-time.
Reason? The H-bomb. It seems
that it blew the Senator from Wis
consin clean out of the conference.
There was for once no time and
no interest shown, either, in the
weekly height attained by the
senator's bomb-burst, or danger
.rea It was all taken up by the
Good to know that this terrible
weapon is being put to some con
Hold That Record, Boys!
In America everything has to be
a record. So, in the state's agri
cultural bulletin of last week, we
read that North Carolina will
plant a record crop of peanuts this
year. That is: it will be. says the
bulletin, a record SMALL crop.
Atta Agri-Dept! Don't let that
record get away from yout
After calling NATO every pos
sible name indicative of scorn and
disgust, Molotov suddenly turned
arcund, at Berlin, and said. please,
can we join?
The report said: "Everybody
laughed. And. last of all, Molotov
The date, (did anyone notice?)
was April 1.
All in favor as we are of doing
everything possible to forward the
program for the mentally ill, it
seems to us that it's a mistake to
have a "Mental Health Week."
"Weeks" for this or that, like
"Days," have always seemed to
us silly. Most of the things advo
cated, like Mothers and such, are
the kind you'd be for all the time,
not just once a year. Presumably
having a special week brings in
money to the special cause, bul
even so it's a tiresome foolish
business. "Weeks" and "Days"
make our country look silly, seems
And to have a Mental Health
Week makes us look sillier still.
Advertising our national failings
with a veng ance.
It Ail Depends
How You Look Ai It
The Conibo and Shipibo tribes
of South American Indians of the
Peruvian jungle appear to be re
markable folks, according to a
pamphlet we've been perusing.
One thing: they are wildly clean
ly. They take five or six baths
every day. Sometimes they go
really bath-happy and take as
many as 12.
The women spend as much time
on themselves as three Hollywood
stars put together. They paint
their hands, legs and feet to match
their clothes, for one thing. Every
time they fix up a new costume,
the painting starts all over. The
writer says he met one slick dish
who was starting to prepare for
an evening date at 10 in the morn
Besides the baths and the
changes of paint, the girls change
perfumes about as often. They
make 15 or 20 different kinds of
essences from the palms and jun
gle flowers and use 'em all.
The writer of the book, Dr.
Harry Tschopik, who is, incident
ally, assistant curator of ethnol
iogy at the Natural History Mu- '
seum in New York, said that he
ran into some trouble with bubble
'gum. Or was afraid he was going
I Hp took Some alcng and the In
dians were crazy about it. But in
stead ot treating it in the orthodox
way, they chewed it up and swal
lowed every bit. He couldn't get
them to stop and let him explain.
So then he waited around in (
a frenzy of fascine ted anxiety to
see what would happen It was
a pretty tense time for him, but
luckily not for the Indians. They
didn't know the properties of bub
ble gum. And, luckily again, its
properties appeared to have been
subdued by the Peruvian Indian
interior. Nothing did happen.
Glad to Help -
Local Stevenson enthusiasts 1
who attended the rally in Char
lotte last Friday found themselves
in highly enthusiastic company.
In f?ct the gentleman sitting be
hind them was so keyed up by the
whole proceedings, so to speak,
that he even helped out the
preacher during the invocation.
Whenever that dignitary paused
for breath, their neighbor could
be heard continuing the prayer in |
bis own fervent words.
The golden powder one sees so
much right now on shoes, cars -
on nearly everything indoors and
out?is not ash from the hydrogen
bomb in the Pacific, as might be
imagined by those ghoulishly
minded It is pine pollen. And
Mrs. Betty Cameron, of South !
May Street, recalls:
'"In the early promotion of ,
Southern Pines as a health resort,
visitors from the North v/ere led
to believe this pollen was valuable
as a cure for tuberculosis. Pollen
sniffing patients were a common
sight in the pine groves during the
blooming season of the trees."
Published Every Friday by
THE PILOT, Incorporated
Southern Pines, North Carolina
Katharine Boyd Editor
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arn Pines. If. C? as seeo.id class
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