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'in taking over The Pilot no changes are contemplated. We will try to keep this a goc-d
paper. We will try to make a little money tor all concerned. Wherever there seems to be
an occasion to use our iniinence lor the public good we will try to do it. And we will
treat everybody alike."?Jam"3 Boyd. May 23, 1(J41.
Voices from Dark Corners
A reporter for Drew Pearson called an
Arlington, Va , telephone number and a voice
answered, ''Nazi headquarters "
A dozen known members of the "Nordic
Reich Youth Party" wen. arrested and ques
tioned at Kansas City, Mo, after more than
50 windows were blown out in a synagogue
Closer to home, and without the Nazi trap
pings, vandals went to incredible lengths to
smash and destroy everything they could
break in a Charlotte school.
Pearson quotes George Lincoln Rockwell.
>elf appointed head of the Nazi party whose
headquarters was so easily reached, as say
ing: "I told this fellow Drew Pearson that
we're going to throw him into the gas cham
bers along with tho Jews when we take over
The boys in Kansas City had various color
ful items of " Nazi" dress and equipment. Thc v
told of meetings where they greeted each oth
er with "Heil Hitler."
The United States is big enough and strong
enough and pervadingly decent and inte'li
gert enough to feel hardly a pinprick of con
cern that such things are going on. hut two
From what dark corners of our national be
ing do such creatures crawl out?
To what extent are they financed and en
couraged by extreme right-wing groups that
are much Jess crude and vociferous in their
anti-Semitism, the better to milk the public
of money to finance their programs of ' Amer
icanism," "patriotism," "constitutionalism," or
what have yon'
Congressional innvestigation of American
fascist groups?which, curiously, aroused far
Irs- public interest and hullabaloo than inves
tigations of Communism?showed that there
is considerable coordination among the in
siders, the leaders, although they would prob
ably fight like cats and dogs?a comforting
thought?if they ever gut together in one
Put it this way: sick minds find their own
level, seek each other out.
Rut why this nation of freedom and oppor
tunity and tolerance should produce su- h
minds is a question we can't answer.
We feel sur<- that the FBI has its ey. s on
neo-fascist groups, though this activity has
never aroused the popular acclaim accorded
the FBI for runnng dow n Communists.
For the rest of us, hen and now. we can
n solve to speak up for racial and religious
tolerance, for good will and against hatred, for
thi' dignty and rights of all men and for the
abiding greatness and freedom of the United
States and its democratic institutions
And we should teach our children to do
W< suspect liiat members of 'he Nordic
Reich Youth Party are a- much ignorant arid
confused as anything else. But there could
come a day when they and others like then:
i-right be dangerous.
No Apology Called For
An unsigned postcard informs us: "We and
several other Catholics arc boycotting your
paper for printing such scandalous lies about
our religion. . You owe the Catholics an
apology." This presumably refers to an ex
change of letters about Catholic attitudes to
ward education, appearing in The Pilot.
The Pilot does not print unsigned letters,
>0 this does not appear in "The Public Speak
ing." But th? postcard calls for comment
II is interesting that the writer of th.< post
card, who is upset by what appeared to us iu
e quite a courteous and dignified exchangi
of opinion between two correspondents about
Catholic attitudes toward education, leaves
iu level o! reasoned debate immediately and
launches a "boycott" against The Pilot
We were not aware that any "scandaloui
lies" wore printed, but we <io not attempt t
pass on the truth or untruth of what appears
in letters to the editor. In phnosopnuo. or re
hgious matters, it might take a panel of schol
ars to arrive at the "truth" of a matter. We
look on letters as expressions of opinion?
and our columns are open to the expression
of cither opinions, as indeed the recent ex
i hange of letters showed. No special treat
ment or emphasis was accorded either of the
It is ironic that th anonymous writer of the
po-tcard oid. in a phrase omitted from our
quotation above, use words that might have
b; en libelous if printed Libelous or obscene
materia! is the only sort we ban from our lot
to t?v editor?the nrincinle followed by
it o-t editors.
The Pilot seldom makes anv comment on
religion or religious denominations in its edi
torial columns, nor do we encourage or even
particularly welcome Utters on those subjects
Hut w see no reason why Sen. John F. Ken
? cdy's religion, so far as that might influence
his altitude on public issues such as oducation,
should not be openly discussed. It is being so
discussed, in fact, in nil kinds of publications
across the nation.
More Power to Them!
Up in Chapel Hill there is considerable ex
eiterrent this week amongst a group recently
fnrrvx-d to push measures for peace. A State
Department man is coming to talk to them?
will have come, before this paper comes out.
This- group, to promote "Ways and Means
Tc ward Peace," and con tailing among its mem
ber a good many prominent people, sent a pe
tition to Washington proposing that funds due
this country from Russia from the I.end-Leaso
program should tic immediately ear-marked
for work in the under-developed parts of the
world. The plan included the suggestion that
Ru .a should he invited to contribute a like
amount and that the project should bn under
Hoping for much but expecting little, the
group' spirits were greatly raised wht n word
(ame that the State Department was interest
ed and would send a man to talk with them.
This is a small effort, grass-roots stuff, if
jou vviil. On a highei level, but one which
would be tl i one to give motive power to the
Chapel Hill idea, is the United Nations Special
Fund Committee for Assisting Underdevelop
ed Nations, with Paul Hoffman, who adminis
tered the Marshall Plan as in chairman.
In a recent article in the Christian
Science Monitor, Nate White, financial and
business editor, reviews the "almost incredible
achievement" of the Marshall Plan and recalls
that when the rehabilitation of war-torn Eu
rope was under discussion, Mr. Hoffman said,
fin 1947): "If we in America don't pick up the
pieces, Russia will."
Part of the suc. ess ,if That pian came about.
Mr White feels, becausi at that time three
nen ?'stood on the promontory ' and surveyed
those bits and pieces. They were General Mar
shall, Senator Vandenberg and Paul Hoffman.
Hoffman is still, because of his present position
and, more, because of the wisdom gained from
his long experience, on a promontory, from
which he i: abb to obtain .1 detached, objec
tive view of the world today. Mr White sug
gests that two other men. in particular, stand
with him then One is Sir Oliver Franks,
ehaii man of Lloyds Bank. Ltd. and former
British ambassador to the United States. Mr.
White considers that these two men of crest
experience have now been joined by a third.
Under-Secretary of State Douglas Dillon.
f .??? November Sir Oliver spoke <0 the Com
mitt re on Economic Development and in the
course of his address said this: t
"If 12 years ago (1947) the balance ol the '
world turned on the recovery of western Ku- 1
rope, now it turir on a relationship of
the industrial north of the globe to the devel
oping south. There is a second consideration,
It we ;n the western world are to succeed 1
north-south as well as east-west, then it is es- ,
-entia! that our economic strength be equal j
to our tasks. This means a more consciously t
dynamic view of growth in oui communities
than we have perhaps had before." The Briton f
proposed closer tic between America and (
Canada and the economic world of Europe j
Mr. Hoffman states his conviction that "the ,
kind and scale of economic growth vvc seek ,
are at the frontiers of world poverty. 1 agree." \
lie says, "that this requires paitorn r.-,hip in < f <
forts and in investment " 1
And Sir Oliver adds the punch-line: 1 do 1
not underestimate when I say that the world ;
balance will hift decisively against us if we [
fail to devise adequate means to realize the >
twin objectives 1 have identified."
Another comment m.ght be. that this great t
and vitally needed work can only be accom
plished with the understanding and the back- '
ing of people?big people like these thtve dis
tinguished and dedicated men. and The People '
like those people up in Chapel Hill. More pow ,
to them all! .
Waste. Loss. < iriet"
A news -dory and photograph in may's x
Idiot depict the tragic horror of a one-car au- ;
tonii'bile accident that took the life <>i ,
Moore County youth Saturday night and m- t
.iuitd two others.
Investigating officers .said that the ear was '
enviously travelling at a high speed before
it left tile road on a curve and hit a tree. So
far as thr officers can determine, there was 1
no other car involved. i
This is a story that is told over and over t
in the daily papers?and one that has boon 1
told with sickening frequency in this are;, in r
tl ; past few years. It is a story of waste and
loss and grief, triggered by a moment of '
youthful thoughtlessness and folly.
We urge young people?and parents who
are responsible for young people's attitudes t
toward driving?to r.ondcr the lesson in this j
frightful accident. <
Think Of The Trouble TT11 Saving You
The New Western Foreign Policy
Joseph C. Harsch, special
correspondent for the Chris
tian Science Monitor, whose
articles this newspaper is
privilodgcd to reprint, has
been doing a series on "The
New Foreign Policy." Three
articles havi been published.
The fourth, printed below,
opens with a summary of
these three and then goes on
to carry forward the study
which tliia uUlihguirhcd com
mentator has undertaken,
cringing the discussion up to
the present time. Part 6, to
follow, will survey the pros
and cons, a: Mr. Harsch sees
them, of the "New" Foreign
Copies of the first three
articles are a' The Pilot of
fice where they will he avail
able to anyone who wishes to
The search for articulation of
he new Western foreign policy
akes us inevitably to the broad
md continuing quistion of rela
ions between thi w<m v. t!o
.nd the Soviet !"? on
What we are seeing now -. .
urther step in the long hi t >nv
ouccns of adjustn ent in the old
?r and more established part ofl
he world to the revolution which
tv 1917 broke the pattern of cvo
lition in Russia.
x uk: uimtru Qianv ? ? j - 11?- \ t . * -1
???laity attempted to undo the
Communist revolution, but lis
? porating policies have v< < rod
jaefcward and forward on this
moposition. There wt
ial inclination to roc the o <>lu
ion as a good thing and to w>
-orre and encourage the emei
;cnce of a new Russia Sul ? -??
jucntly, however, Wasim i to
did commit its armed forces to
rattle 'inside Russia again-1 tie
red Army and American two
: ind--lines.* has long porsislt .
In the '20V teehnVian* and
vi! engineers went fro n the
l -iited States in substantial num
ber- with tin consent i: not net
-Htily the approval of a Repub
lican administration in Washing
on and helped materially in the
rudding of modern Sov iet indu
Jti the '30V Roosevelt malum
?did diplomatic relations with
vto.-rcav, but a subsequent effort
o work out a common policy to
vard the emerging problem ot
Vazi aggression foundered in the
nfamous Molotov-vOn Ribbon
In World War II enemy av
ion. not th ??? free ehoice of either
Moscow or Washington, made tlu
!wo reluctant and never con
After World Wat II, Stalin's ef
nrt to obtain for himself tin
ton's share of the fruits of Al
ied victory revived Western
nemories and suspicions.
The cold war was a p riod of
imp in which most Western
tatesmen and leaders allowed
hcmselves to hope for develop*
nents which would overthrow
he Communist system in the
J S S R. Certainly the West de
ired a rollback of the Iron Cur
tain which Stalin had rung clown
from Stettin to Trieste and cer
tainly it hoped, although it never
was willing to fight for it. for the
overthrow of the Soviet regime
in Moscow. Dulles used to dream
out loud of seeds of self-destruc
tion germinating inside the
Moscow in its turn has never
ceased to talk of, hope for. and
work actively in support of
change:: In Western world
which would remove for all tune
in the West either the desire or
the capacity to seek the over
throw of the Communist system.
The maximum foreign policy ob
jectives of each side have cer
tainly included the overthrow of
The Eastern foreign policy does
not openly say that the great
Western nations led by the
United States have for all time
laid aside the hope of an ultimate
overthrow of the Soviet regime
in Moscow. But never since the
1917 revolution have Western
capitals come so close to doing it
a. of late Ihoy have done by their
It is perfectly conceivable that
a in < adi or less from now \V. sl>
i rig ton will again be back on the
otlie: tack. But since Khrushchev
emerged a.- Sfalin's successor and
? ince th? Communist revolution
leached the stage <>t a consumer
eeono i v. much of trie old hostil
ity has drained out of the West
ern attitude to the system which
ha evolved inside the Soviet
Tht ? ?? is one positive element
in 1 i new foreign policy, and it
is a clear icadiness to tuat the
. ? >.a ; r.merit in the Kremlin as be
ing an established governin. nt
presiding over a political and
economic system which is likely
to be around for quite a long time
regardless of personal or ideol
ogical feelings about it The West
aas not made peace with commu
nism, but it is certainly experi
meriting with the novel tht or
that communism in its latest
phase in the Soviet Union is a
condition with which it will have
to live and with which it may he
able to do an increasing amount
There is coherence in the va -
ions elements of the new policy.
The deletion of liberation from
the oid set of Washington policies
may be a tragic betrayal of the
hopes of the captive peoples, but
it flows logically from the new
look military policies pursued by
Washington since 1953. If we of
the West are not going to try to
liberate the captive peoples we
n ay n- well try an experiment in
getting on with the Soviet re
ft i 1 v The experiment may not
work But it is late in the game
now to attempt to go hack to a
policy of maintaining decisive
military superiority. And while
the invitation to Khrushchev may
have been premature, it is also a
probably inevitable component
of the new experiment.
For the moment, at least, we
are back where wo starlt d. when
Wilson trad to ride with rather
than resist and overthrow the
Communist revolution of 1917.
Whether tht new policy will suc
ceed better than the old is an
oth< r matter.
"Wi must begin at school and
in college to learn to absorb life
so that when we grow old we
i ay In filled with its colors,
thoughts, and sounds and so
spend our last years in the melo
dic- of < ?> md. of color in l'iower,
tree, arid costume, and the lovely
songs sung in poetry, story and
play. If we don't, then the old
seek relaxation in being a misery
to themselves and a riarmv-d nui
siiiiic to others
?SEAN O'CASFY in Harper's
I lie Public SpoaklnjJ
Closing Paragraph for
GOP Speakers Suggested
To the K iitr.i ?
Thus is written the morning
ite r the Republican fund-raising
ilinniis. A hundred thousand of
the l;.ithfui, those especially w- 11
hcelod. listened t<> Ike' standard
speech. the one that somebody
wrote for him back in 1952. the
?'lie thai seems cask-t for him to
The fust six words must never
vary "We arc ihc party of Lin
coln " Alter this the speech can
ramble on. and usually does, to
tell of the general Tightness, not
to say righteousness, of Republi
can principles, policies and men,
by contrast with those of other
human beings less touched with
ttrace Toward the end they who
have read this speech at least a
score of times have come to ex
pect the slightly smug implica
tion that those who conduct
themselves as proper Republicans
h< re below may rest arsuiv <1 that
places of honor are being he id
Open for them in a vague some
where, possibly on high: and that,
with few exceptions indeed, such
reservations are habitually made
only for practicing Republican-.
Since this is a campaign year,
may 1 suggest for use at such Re
publican affairs, a form of words
for h closing paragraph appropri
ate to the times?
"Gentlemen, let the folding
money rustle in the collection
plates. Give each according to
your needs. You will bo richly
rewarded by the next Republican
administration, 1 know. And I
trust that that administration
may receive the same kind of in
spired revelations as those which
have guided this government to
its triumphs of the past seven
years?ever since wo cleaned up
the mess in Washington."
| Grains of Sand j
Miss Mini's Big Night
T"o the Editor:
I am eight years old. I would
like tu ask you a question about
the story y..u published in The 4
Pilot January 28lh, on page 2. It
was called "Miss Mint and the
Is M iss Mint'-- first name Pep?
My Daddy says so and that the
Law you spoke about is the Law
of Good that protects us all. If we
carry the spirit of Christmas
wherever we go uicm people will
know we rtidn t mean to get into
My Daddy ; he h'-arfi tb:.!
Miss Mint got into more trouble
after the performance of "Cai
me n," in the Weaver Auditorium
On her way home she discovered
that she had forgotten her door
"Oh dear, oh dear," she said
quietly, I know just where I lift
it?on rr.y desk! Right next to ir
duplicate key a friend gave rne
the morning when I had forgot- (
ten my own key. You see I have
three keys and 1 leave two of
them with friends. Just in case
So my third key is now with ?
neighbor but I hate to wake him
up at mid-night like this. I'll juM
sleep on my porch in a nice com
Please, Mrs. Editor, tell me if
anyone rescued Miss Mint. My
Daddy thinks so, because her pep .
..?id kindness always bring hit '
good things, What do you think '
Your little friend.
We think -11 too.
Because if she hadn't been res
cued we're sure that the Man in
the Moon, looking down, or onr
. f those big hoot owls you havt
around there, or a prowling squir
! or SOMEBODY would h;iv< '
inisod such a hullabaloo the whole
town would have come running.
Perhaps :t would be a good Idea
if Mis- Mint parked a few keys
with some of them?
Thank you for your letter.
P. S We. too. wore at that Carmen
-how - about those gay girls and
their goings-on. Those things can j
certainly be kind ut upsetting.
Two of Them
There used to be a place up on
Route 1 in Maine called "The Nut
House." Its yard was full of queer
items: life-size figutos of animal
and fabulous creatures, wheels,
anchors, whatnots The Nut
House seemed to be well-named.
Rut tiiort- v, .v- .1 split in tin (
management of the concern.
Somebodv got mad at somebody
and took off up the road and built
s'ore. On thai btiildim:
Ilitr> put up the sign: "The Real
Is there something in this tab
that strikes a familiar chord in
the ears of Pilot readers, who
may have b?-?n following in our
ment. the intricacies of certain
legal maneuverings ;n Moore
County0 Wo shouldn't wonder
Slate tor the Democrats
A slate to end all slates?and
all name-calling, or church-call
ing- was proposed by James Res
ten, N. Y. Times Washington cor
respondent. in his speech to the
assembled state newspapermen at *
the recent press institute. '
"Do you want to hear my slat
for the Democrats?", he asked his
ioviat audience. Okay. Here it is:
Kennedy for president and Billy
Clrahan* for -hit running-mate!"
1 uesda\ was C.-ndlemas Ds*
Thc Scots say:
"If Candlemas be fair and
i 1> ar, *
There'll be twa winters in
From Groundhog, safe again,
curled up snug in his burrow:
one long sno-o-n-o-ore.
Published Every Thursday by
THE PILOT. Incorporated 4
Southern Pines. North Carolina
Katharine Boyd Editor
C. Benedict Associate Editor
Dan S. Ray Gen. Mgr
C G Council Advertising
Mary Scott Newton Business
Bessie Cameron Smith Society
Composing Room 4
Dixie B Ray, Michael Valen. Jas
per Swearinpen. Thomas Mattocks
and James C Morris.
One Year $4. f mos. $2. 3 mon. SI
Entered at the Postoffice at South
ern Pines, NO. as second class
mail matter. .
Member National Editorial Assn.
and N C, Press Assn.