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VOL. 20. SMITHFIELD, N. C., FRIDAY, APRIL 19, 1901. NO. ?.
NEW BANKS IN THE SOUTH.
In Six Months 127 Have Been Es
Atlanta, (la., April 15.?'The
recent growth of the banking
facilities of the South is one of
the many evidences of prosperity
in this section.
Twelve State hanks have been
organized in Georgia, all of them
located in the smaller towns.
These new Georgia banks have
an aggregatecapital of #785,000.
There has been a large increase
in the business of Georgia banks
generally, both State and na- j
tional. The bank record for the
other Southern States during the
Hix months endixig March 14 has
also been excellent.
Texas leads in the number oL
new banks. Since October 1,
1900, 3T national banks and five
State banks have been estab
lished in that State. In the year j
ending March 14, 1901, no lessj
than 65 national banks, repre
senting over #2,000,000 in capi
tal stock, began business in
Texas. Most of them are situa
ted in small towns and will stimu
late business in sections where
banks were scarce before.
Virginia has gained 12 banks,
North Carolina 10, Florida ti,
South Carolina 9, Kentucky 8, j
Arkansas (>, Louisiana 13, Mary
land and Tennessee 5 each, Ala
bama and Mississippi 4 each.
Another notable feature of re
cent financial enterprise in the!
South has been the organization
of numerous loan and trust com
panies. In nearly every Southern
State local capital has been in
vested in such concerns.
It does not appear that the
South has taken advantage to
any great extent of the new law
allowing the organization of
national banks with less than
#50,000 capital, as in all the
Southern States, except Texas,
Louisiana and West Virginia,
the number of new State and pri
vate banks exceeds the number
of new national banks.
Tbe Importance of Edenton In tbe
A century and a half ago Ed
enton was bigger than New York,
Norfolk or Baltimore. It was
the largest town south of the
l'otomac river. It had among
its distinguished lesidents repre
sentatives of English royalty
and nobility. It had the most
beautiful harbor in America and
a bay that rivaled that of Nap
les; an African slave tiade, a
considerable trade with Liver- j
pool, up the Mediterranean sea,
and with the West Indies. Koyal
heels danced a minuet in the
venerable court house upper
hall. President Monroe visited
Edenton on his gorgeous South
ern tour, while he was President,
and had a public reception in
the courthouse, by the town, l)r.
James Norcom delivering the
speech of welcome and John C.
Calhoun, who acconipained the
President, as one of the cabinet,
replying for the President. Now,
why is Edenton, with all its his
toric renown and natural advan
tages, a laggard in the proces
sional march? We cannot say.
We know not, except that God
knows and that the hand of des
tiny shapes the end of the work
that the hand of man roughhews.
It is a great and a difficult
problem, in which the wise and
the ignorant grope alike in dark
ness.?Elizabeth City Economist.
Good for Northampton.
Northampton jail is empty, i
The March term of criminal court,
lasted less than three days and
the two weeks' term of the Supe
rior court which convened at
Jackson last Monday, is likely
to end before this week is out;
our schools were never 1 letter
patronized; the pastors of our
churches are preaching the gospel
of love and pointing the people
to a higher life, instead of having
to devote so much time to de
nouncing wrong-doing. These,
it appears to us, are evidences of
better times, and that North
ampton is a good old county.?
Scotland Neck Commonwealth.
Mat. Martin Stole Nearly $17,000
From the Penitentiary.
News and Observer.
The legislative committee ap
pointed to examine Maj. Martin s
books is still unable to sav ex
actly what his shortage will be,
bo they will next week check back
over part of the books. In fact,
thev begun doing this .vest ?rday
and found one mistake of $1)3.0<i
in Martin's favor.
This reduces the $16,837.61
shortage, arrived at on Friday
night, to $16,744.55.
This, therefore, represents the
amount of money traced to Mar
tin, but his books show raises of
only $16,338.35, or $406.20 less
than-the amount traced to him.
Now the ijuestion arises: Has
the committee made mistakes to
this amount in its checking, or
did Maj. Martin fail to cover up
his shortage, by changes of the
books to this amount?
Though one mistake of the
committee has been found, there
is reason to believe that most of
the $406.20 difference is due to
fuilure on Maj. Martin's part to
complete his changes of the books.
In support of this theory, is the
fact that he went to Treasurer
Lacy when his time was out in
the office and offered to remain
ten days longer for nothing, if he
would allow it. This offer, it is
now believed, was made in order
that he might complete his
changes in the books so as to J
cover his shortage.
w limn me next lew (lays Jiar
tin wus urreeted and it is sup
nosed the changes were never
made, and that this accounts for
the $406.20 that has given the
committee so much trouble.
The first misappropriation of
funds made by Martin was in
1896, when he took exactly $100.
Then other amounts were taken
occasionally until along toward
the end of his term the stealings
became large and frequent.
The largest amount taken at
any one tune was something over
$2,100, and the smallest was
something under $100.
Treasurer Lacy discovered
something wrong early in !? ebru
arv, he says, when there was
some trouble about an account
of $149.56 from the Morgan ton
asylum. A day or two after this
a woman, the widow of an engi
neer, complained to Mr. Lacy
that Martin had collected from
her as agent for a building and j
loan association, $169 and given
his receipt for it. Later she was j
called on by the company for the
amount and when she presented |
Martin's receipt she was told that
he was not the compan's agent,
and had not been for a year or
more. She, therefore, had to pay
the amount again.
Rorardinsr the Prodigal Son.
Pastor Jenkins, of the First
Baptist church, concluded last
nignt his series of sermons on the
Prodigal family, paying his re
spects to the prodigal son. 1 he
church was packed, many of the
audience being young men. The
effort was a splendid one. He
stated that " at sixteen the boy
had the independence of a man
but not the judgment of a man,
because he was easily led astray.
That no organization, business
or church wanted a young man
of drinking habits, nor did the,
wife wantdrinking husband.
He paid hii. .-espects to the round
dance and said the leader of the
german, with all its associations,
must exiiect to lose his influence
in church and business. He con
demned in strong terms the social
club that permitted drinking and
gambling and urged the young
man against bad associates. A
voung man rarely rises alio veins
associates. He plead with young
men to spend their nights at self
improvement. fitting the brain
for usefulness.? Goldsboro Lor.
News and Observer.
Job Couldn't Have Stood It.
If he'd had Itching Piles.
Thev're terribly annoying; but
Bucklen's Arnica Salve will cure
the worst case of piles on eartn.
It has cured thousands. 1 or in
juries, Pains or Bodily Lruptions
it's the beet salve in the world.
Price 25c a box. Cure guaran
teed. Sold by Hood Bros.
A Partial List of the Week's Hap
penings Throughout the
James H. Barr, of the Atchison
railroad, has been elected vice
president of tiie Seaboard Air
The closing down of cotton
mills at Lowell aud Fall River
throws 25,000 operatives out of
The sale is reported of a seat
on the New York Stock Exchange
for $59,000. 1 he previous record
price was $58,000.
At Savannah, (?a., Thursday
night, Billy Whistler, of Balti
more, and Tommy Hogan, of
England, fought 25 rounds to a
An examination of the Farmers
National Bank, of Vergennes, Yt.,
has disclosed an embezzlement of
$90,000 by the cashier, I). H.
The Lond<>n Daily Express says
it understands that the British
government has decided to cease
sending reinforcements to South
William C. Coffin, of New York
city, niadeau assignment Friday.
Me schedules his liabilities at
$4,150,907 and assets at $25,
which is cash in the bank. The
secured claims amount to $2,
Secretary Hay ih still making
efforts to liave a treaty agreed
upon between this government
and England for an Isthmian
canal. He is first consulting U.
S. Senators as to what kind of a
treaty they will ratify.
The State Senate of Arkansas
has passed a bill making it un
lawful for any person to drink
any intoxicating liquor as a bev
erage unless he or sne shall have
first obtained a license as a dram
drinker. The license is fixed at
#?"> per annum.
A southbound freight train on
the Ohio River railroad ran
through a temporary trestle near
Mount Pleasant, Wv. Ya., April
la. The engine and five cars
went through and were destroyed.
Engineer John I'ennock.of Park
ersburg, remained on the engine
and was killed. Several trainmen
were slightly injured.
The famous Okeefenokee swamp
in south Georgia has been sold
to (/has. Hebard and Sons, of
Michigan. The consideration, it
is understood, is $175,000. The
swamp contains 354,000 acres
and its circumference is 137 miles.
The same carries with it the land,
timber, water courses and game
with which the swamp abounds.
The United States Court of
Claims has rendered a judgement
in favor of Admiral Sampson for
$3,330 as a bounty growing out
of the engagements at Manzan
illo and Nip bay in Cuba, during
the Spanish war. The court also
rendered a judgment in favor of
Fleet Captain Chadwick, who
participated in these engage
One million two hundred and
fifty thousand dollars was paid
last Tuesday for the projierty of
the Texas Western Oil Company,
formerly the Southwestern Oil
Company, of Corsicana. This
sale includes the Beatty gusher,
which has a producing capacity
of 7,000 barrels per day. The
sale was consummated for a
syndicate of Eastern capitalists,
which probably means the Stan
dard Oil Trust.
The President, Mrs. McKinley j
and party, will leave Washington
by the Southern Railway Mon
day morning, April 29th, at
10:30 o'clock, for a tour to the
Pacific coast and return, cover
ing a period of between six and
seven weeks. They will have a
train consisting of a private car
for the President and Mrs. Mc
Kinley, two Pullman compart
ment cars, two Pullman sleepers,
a dining car and a combination
car. A number of members of
the cabinet, their families, news
paper men and others will accom
pany the party.
DR. BUCKLEY SCORES IT.
Denounces Christian Science as a
Hostile Religion?Calls it a Su
New York, April 11.?The New
York East Conference of the Meth
odist Episcopal Church in Brook
lyn to-day devoted the morning
session to the discussion of Chris
tian Science and the withdrawal
of Itev. S. E. Simonson from the
ministry because of his adher
ence to Christian Science, which
had already been announced.!
The discussion was opened by the
presentation of the following
Whereas our brother, S. E. j
Simonson, has withdrawn from
the ministry and membership of
this church, and under the law of
the church we are unable to re-1
turn his parchments to him, we
hereby express appreciation of
his personal worth, and we regret
tha t hefeelscompeiled to leavens.
This resolution was adopted
without debate while I>r. .1. M.
Buckley, editor of the Christian
Advocate, was out of the room.
When he returned he moved that
the resolution be rescinded, say
"The resolution practically ex
presses regret for the action of
yesterday and recommends Mr.
Simonson to the public at large.
Up to the time this brother was
infected with this bacilli he was a
manlv, simple preacher of the
Word of Cod, with the interest of
this church and his fellow-men at
"This man lias left us for a
hostile religion. He has gone to
a faith that destroys the nature
of sin and takes away the feeling
of personal responsibility. Here
is a man who repudiates the
doctrines of Jesus Christ. Hav
ing cast all these away he must
have undergone a meutal and
moral change. A man who would
continue in the church holding
these ideas would be a curse to
"Since he has been coquetting I
with this superstition, reading its |
deluding literature, he has re
ceived favors at the hands of the
presiding elder of the Brooklyn j
South district. It has been said
that for three weeks after Dr.
Chadwick knew of the change in
this man's mind he held him in
Dr. James S. Chadwick, the
presiding elder referred to, here
interrupted the speaker and de
clared ne had not displayed any
favoritism and had not kept Mr. i
Simonson any longer than he
could possible help.
Dr. Buckley replied: "Then if j
what I have said is untrue I have
done you a favor, for I have only ,
said to your face what others
have said behind your back.
"A man some years ago left
this church to become a disciple
of Robert U. Ingersol," he con-,
tinued. "It would have been as
wise?even more wise?to return
that man his parchment o! ordi
nation than to this man. He !
would not be so dangerous. This
man has set up opposition since
he left. Since then he has writ
ten to members of this church
asking for subscriptions. And
after his change of belief he ac
cepted p rsonal favors at the 1
hands of his presiding elder."
Dr. Chadwick arose and said:
" VI r Simonson's change of mind
was entirely unexpected by me
and I desired a further interview
with him. When 1 discovered
that his mind was made up I
called in the nearest bishop and
advised with him. Mr. Simon
sou had the confidence of all of
us and I did not know another
man whocouhi serve in his place."
Dr. Buckley's resolution to re
scind was carried I a vote of 1
170 to 5.
A Testimonial lrom Old Inroad. 1
"I consider Chaml :Iain's
Cough Remedy the best ? the
world for Bronchitis." sa, v'r. |
William Savory, of Wa-rin '
England. "It has saved my \
life, she having been a mart}
Bronchitis for over six years,
ing most of the time confined
her bed. She is now quite well.
Sold by Ilood Bros.
Sbort Items of interest Culled
From our State Exchanges.
Fire at Wilmington Saturday
morning about 2 o'clock did #10,
000 worth of damage.
The March bulletin of the agri
cultural department has appear
ed. It is devoted to fertilizer
Gov. Aycock has appointed
Mr. Charles C. Daniels, of Wilson,
solicitor of the fourth judical |
The N. C. Teachers' assembly
will meet at Wrightsville, near;
Wilmington, on .June 11th tol
It is said by experts that the
strawberry crop will be 10 day >
late, on account of the unusual
Gov. Aycock will speak at the |
commencement at the State
University and will present their
diplomas to the graduates.
Hon J. A. Bryan, of Newbern, |
has accepted the invitation to
deliver an address at Goldsboro
on Memorial Day, Hay 10th.
The East Carolina railroad
from Tarboro to Farmville will'
be completed by the Fourth of
July. It goes through a very
Jane Jones, white, was put in!
the lock-up at Winston for fight
ing her mother. She professed
religion in her cell Thursday and
was released. A rather suspic-!
Mrs. Fannie Phillips, of near
Shore, Yadkin county, caught
lire Thursday while burning
some brush. She died Friday
from the effects of the burns.
She was GO years old.
In a shooting affray near Try
on Saturday between a 12 year
old white boy by the name of
Durham and a negro boy, Dur.
ham was killed. Durham fired
the first two shots, one striking
the negro on the foot.
F. E. Emery, formerly of the
North Carolina Agricultural
Experiment station, has been
detailed by the secretary of agri
culture to visit China, Japan.
Philippines and other eastern
countries with a view to extend
ing the markets for American
During the month of March
390 cases of smallpox were ]
reported in this State. The i
smallpox is reported from t went v 1
five counties in the March health ]
bulletin. Green county led in the I
number of cases, 177, mostly in i
the northern part of the county.
There were no deaths. i
In Cape Fear township, Chat- ?
ham county, last week, Mrs.
Gunter, aged 60 years, went to '
the newground where her son
was burning rubbish when her 1
clothing caught fire and she,1
received burns from which she 1
died. Her son was also severely 1
burned while trying to rescue '
Killing of Thad Chamblee.
Additional particulars in re- ?
gard to the death cf Thad. 1
Chamblee, near Wakefield on
Wednesday, were received here
yesterday. It seems that on last
Sunday aftrenoon, Joe Taylor, t
a cripple, at whose house near \
Spring Hope a number of men j
were drinking, threw a sto ie ]
which struck Thad Chamblee, one 1
of the crowd with whom he had j
nn altercation, just al?out the i
temple. Chamblee washed the |
blood from his wound, was ap- j
parently not much injured and
staited home. When about a
quarter of a mile from Taylor's
home he fell in the road uncon
scious. He diet! Wednesday
morning.?News and Observer
You cannot enjoy perfect health,
rosy cheeks and sparkling eyes if
vour liver is sluggish and your
owelB clogged. DeWitt's Little
arly Risers cleanse the whole
f stem. Thev never gripe. Hare
a Son, Hood Bros., J. R. Led
The Red Man is Still With Us.
The ussertion that the number
of Indian children attending
school haw doubled wince 1887
and that the number of Indian
children in and out of school iw
steadily increasing hardly
squares with that theory of the
gradual extinction ot the red men
which has been often questioned
of lute years. It tends rather to
support the claim that these
much coinmisserated denizens of
the forests and the plains have
been saved from themselves bv a
compulsory peace, so that they
are perhaps more numerous un
der the white man's rule than
they were when their principal
occupation was scalp hunting.
All the earlier Indian statistics
are mere guesswork. 1'arkman,
who made the closest researches
into the history of the Ilurons
for the purpose of his monument
al work on the French in Ameri
ca, made no pretenses toward an
accurate statement of their num
bers. lie said that they were
variously estimated at from
10,000 to 30,000, but added that
the former figure was the more
reasonable of the two. In esti
mating the population of the
Iroquois he is equally cautious,
merely hazarding an inference
that when the five nations vrsre
at the height of rheir power they
did not have as many as -1,000
figting men. During the period
covered by this narrative the
Hurons were almost extermi
nated by the Iroquois, and such
destruction of tribe by tribe was
not uncommon. In fact, any
great increase of population was
impossible amid the conditions
of Indian life, and the earlier ex
plorers spent much of their time
in an uninhabited wilderness.
The subject is glanced at in the
last report of the commissioner
of Indian Affairs, where there is
a table giving estimates of the
population of Indians in the
United States from 1759 to 1900.
The Commissioner says that
prior to the year 1850 only small
reliance can be placed upon the
figures, and this is obvious after
the briefest examination. For
they jump from 60,000 to 471,
066 between 1790 and 1820 and
and drop to 129.836 in 1825.
The census report of 1850 gave
an enumeration of 400,7(54, but
the fact that there is a shrinkage
to 314,(522 within five years
makes it probable that we still
have to do with rough estimates.
It is only since all the trilies
have been corraled that it has
been possible to arrive at any
thing like accuracy, and even of
late there has b>*?n some notice
ble discrepancies. The census
report of 1880 put the number of
Indians at 322,534; the report
of the Indian office for the same
year made the figure256,127. In
1890 the return of thecensus was
248,253, and, according to thp
Indian office, there was an in
crease to 272,023 by 1900, not
including some 58,000 peiwons
who have lost their tribal identi
ty. The calculation at this day
mould be pretty near the truth,
rod if there more than a quarter
of a million Indians within the
Jnited States today the proba
jilities are that these aborigines
ire "umericailvas strongas they
vere three or four centuries ago.
You will waste time if yon try
? cure indigestion or dysjiepsia
jy starving yourself. That only
nakes it worse when you do eat
iieartily. Y'ou always need plen
ty of good food properly digested,
kodol Dyspepsia Cure is the re
?ult of years of scientific research
[or something that would digest
not. only some elements of food
but every kind. And it istheone
remedy that will do it. Hood
Rros., Hare & Son, J. R. Iicd
King Oscar, of Norway and
Sweden, has accepted the post of
arbitrator on theSamoan claims
of theUnitedStates,Great Britain
The steamer Mexico brought
to New York last week the!urgent
cargo of tobacco ever shipped
from Havana, 7,000 bales.