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The Principal Insect Enemies of
There are many insects which
feed on and ii.juregrowing wheat,
hut the greater proportion of the
losses to wheat fields chargeable
to insects is due to the attack*
of less than half a dozen sj>ecie?.
The most destructive of these
pests is the chinch bug. The
(Treat damage to farm crops by
this insert is due to its wide
distribution, its prevalence more
or less everv year, the enormous
multiplication in favorable sea
sons. and to the fact that it
attacks all the cereals und most
forage plant s.
The next in importance is the
Hessian fly. It is estimated that
the damage to the wheat crop by
this pest is about 10 per cent of
the product in the chief wheat
growing sections of this country,
which indicates an annual loss of
40,000,000 bushels and over.
Next of importance are the wheat
midge ami grain plant-lice.
Insects of second-rate importance
are the wheat straw-worms, the
wheat bulb-worm, army worms,
cutworms, aud various saw-flies.
With the view of limiting'the j
losses from insect jieste, and
notably the Hessian fly, the
ravages of which in 1800?1000
so reduced the normal yield of
wheat as to seriously interfere
with the winter milling interests,
the 1". S. Departmeut of Agricul
ture has had prepared and will
soon issue farmers' bulletin No.
132. entitled "The 1'rin-ipal
insect f nemieg of Growing
Tile tUUieUll was prepureu ii_y
Mr. C. L. Marlatt, Nl S., First
Assistant' Kutomologist, and is
a condensed account of tlie prin
cipal insect depredators on grow
ing wheat, discussed chiefly from
the standpoint of means of con
trol. A brief presentation of the
life histories of the several 8|>eeies
is given, with special reference to
the bearing of remedial and pre
The reasons given for the ex
cessive damage by the various
grain pests noted in this country
are the system of growing the
same grain crops over vast areas
year after year, which furnishes
the very best conditions for the
multiplication of the insect ene
mies of-such crops, arid the long,
hot summers which also present
the igovt favorable conditions
for the increase of most insects.
These two reasons are responsible
for the much greater losses expe
rienced in this country as coin
pared with Europe, where the
summers are cool and short.
The losses occasioned by these
insects exhibit a wide range in
different/years, due as a rule to
favorable or unfavorable clima
tic conditions, and also to the
abundance from time to time of
the parasitic and other enimies,
which is a natural sequence of
the multiplication of the host
Preventives and remedies for
the control of each of these insects
The bulletin is for free distrib
ution and can be obtained by
application to Senators and
Representatives in Congress or
to the Secretary of Agriculture.
(leroninio, the noted Apache
chief, who figures in Gwendolen
?Overton's novel, "The Heritage
?of Unrest," lives, at the age of
in a farm house near Fort
Sill, Oklahoma, with an income
of over 92,000 a year. While 1
lfttie in sympathy with modern ?
civilization, the old chief appreci- |
ates one of its inventions, the ,
camera. He charges for his!
picture. He always looks his (
tbughest in his pictures. He |
likes to strike an attitude of dev
ilish ferocity when being photo- '
graphed. The older he grows !
the greater is his desire to make
a fiendish appearance. Five
vears ago. when he first went to '
Fort Sill, lie was content ;o wear '
white men's clothes and consen- '
ted tohavehirnself photographed (
wearing them. Now when he;
poses he looks like the old-time
redskin of the Apache tribe. This
is because he sees that his war
clothes Attract more attention
from white visitors. He does his
best to give them their money's
worth and to live up to their i
Mr. W. J. Baxter of North
Ilrook, N. C., says he suffered with
piles for fifteen years. He tried
many remedies with no results
until he used Df Witt's Witch
Hazel Salve and that quickly
cured him. Hood Bros., Hare &
Son. J. R. Led better.
I keep Angle Lamps, Burners '
and all fixtures always on hand.
Mus. C. R. Adams,
Four Oaks, N. C. 1
The Art of Reading.
A recent number of the New
York Times Saturday He view of
Hooks and Art contained the fol
lowing editorial on a subject
which should interest every jier
son who reads:
"The best end served by read
ing is the being brought in to ;
the closest contact atone point i
and another with nature, as the
best end served in writing is in
the transferring of nature to the
printed page. So potent is its
influence upon the mind that all ,
that is real in our education be
gins and ends there. The best
thinkers have recorded their con
victions of the unspeakable value
of the book of nature for widen
ing and spiritualizing the higher
"Uie me a spark o' Nature's fire.
That's a' the lew ruing 1 desire;
Then though I drudfe through dub and rolro
At plough or cart.
My muse, though hainoly In at tiro.
May reach the heart.
"We might quote one of the
highest products of university
culture?J. H. Newman?as ex
pressing, within university walls,
t he same opinion of the superior
ity of an education derived from
direct -contact with nature to
that obtained in the schools.
Hut in our civilization nature is,
in a great sense, to the world's
workers a sealed hook, the prim
rose is a primrose, and no more;,
therefore, we must obtain our
knowledge from the printed page,
and see and hear with the eyes
and cars of others. To the far
greater number, 'Studies,' to
use Bacon's phrase, 'serve for
delight.' Would that we could 1
persuade ourselves that to these
reading always does so, and is
not followed as a fashion, oreven .
as a fad, or a mere habit, often
practiced unconsciously, some- '
times as a refuge from thought.
To those with whom reading is
an idle habit a book is as a walk ! ]
down Broadway, when we see
innumerable faces, but know not1
anything, nor retain the impre. - 1
sion, of any one of them.
?'The art of the reader is only '
fully accomplished when it re
sponds to trie art of the writer
'as octave to octave;' and in or- '
der to do this he must bring to
the task his own taste and judg- 1
merit. A reader who sits under 1
the shadow of a name, however
great, either as author or critic, '
reads at a great disadvantage.
Mis attitude is dependent, and ,
allows 110 play to his understand- '
ing. Better he should bring his
mind to bear within the limits of
a single chapter than read Gib
bon's entire history 011 any other 1
plan. This implies a certain 1
amount of effort, but the highest t
jovs are not attainable in any 11
other way. 'Thejoysofconnuest 1
are the joys of man.' Our daily 1i
work fits the mind for the true t
enjoyment of reading as nothing! 1
else can do. It is the nature of c
things that body and mind should 1
provide mutual recreation, each 1
for the-other. There is a special 1
tone of mind desirable in ap- 1
proaehing certain subjects which f
induces clearness of vision. Hence c
Lamb suggested a devotional \
exercise before the 'Fairy Queen.' t
Chesterfield says in his 'Advice c
to His Son' (a book that would 11
beur reprinting for the present f
generation): 'In reading a book ! s
do not run over it superficially, f
but read every passage twice ov- I
er at least; do not pass 011 to a j
second till you thoroughly un-1
derstand the first, nor quit the
book till you are master of the!
subject; for, unless you do this,
you may read it through and '
not remember the contents of it c
for a week.' There is no better .
way of storing the mind with ?
pleasant memories, and the days 1
jorne to most men when memory v
is his only friend.
' Nor can the wiles of art, the grasp of power, j.
Snatch the rich relics of a well spent hour."
DeWitt's Little Early Risers ^
search the remotest parts of the e
bowels and remove the impurities v
speedily with no discomfort. They ,,
Eire famous for their efficacy. ^
Easy to take, never gripe. J. ft. v
Ledbetter, Hare & Son, Hood <
Success Lies in Reticence.
Towne?Yes, Prof, fyrayneum c
is going in for polities. Why *\
shouldn't he be successful? He')
speaks seven languages fluently, t
while the average politician to- I
Browne?Succeeds because he is g
able to keep his mouth shut in i
one language.?Philadelphia J]
To Cure a Cold In one Daj
Take Laxative Bromo Quinine I
Tablets. All druggists refund c
the money if it fails to cure. E. 1
W. Grove's signature on eacb't
box. 25c. I
Information Concerning Teachers'
Assembly for 1901.
The Assembly will meet June
11th to lflth inclusive at Wrights
ville I let wh near Wilmington.
The sessions of the Assembly
will he held uttheSeashoreffotel.
Thitohotel and the Ocean View
are both within a few feet of the
Kates for board to members of
the Assembly on the Beach at
ll.oO per day.
Persons wishing to stop in the
city of Wilmington can go to and
from the Beach for 2"> cents round
The railroad fare from any
point in the State will be one
first-class fare plus the member
ship fee of #2 for coupon ticket.
Female members will lie refund
ed one dollar when they present
their railroad coupons to the
Any teacher can easily calculate
what the trip will cost, (let your
nearest railroad agent to give
you the one first-class fare from
your place to Wilmington and
add #2. Remember one dollar
will be refunded to all females.
Tickkth on Sam: Jink 7th to
All persons who purchase the
Assembly coupon tickets from
railroad agents will beentitled to
all the special privileges and spe
cial hotel rates that are given to
bona-fide teachers. In short any
one who buys the coupon ticket
becomes a member of the Assem
bly, after presenting the railroad
coupon to the Secretary and re
ceiving for this the certificate of
f a t.. 1 .. -- a- -
?l i* miMiiuit'iv necessary iu
have the membership certificate
before you can get special rates
on Steamboat or at trie hotels.
See the Secretary as soon as
possible after your arrival and
avoid extra charges that you will
have to pay without it.
Board at the Orton House to
members of the Assembly #2 ner
jay, at other hotels one dollar
The trip need not cost more
than $12 to $20 from most
points in the State.
Better make a sacrifice to go
rather than miss this important
meeting of education.
Our Governor will be there and
ather prominent citizens as well
is all of our leading educators.
For further information write the
Secretary, C. H. Mebane,
, Newton, N.C.
" It is with agooddealof pleas
ure and satisfaction that I recom
ind I)iarrh<ea Remedy," says [
Druggist A. W. Sawtelle, of Hart
'ord, Conn. "A lady customer, J
seeing the remedy exposed for]
sale on my show case, said to
me: 41 really believe that medi
cine saved my life the past sum- ]
ner while at the shore,' and shej
uecame so enthusiastic over its;
merits that I at once made np
ny mint! to recommend it in the
uture. Recently a gentleman |
?ante into my store so overcome
vith colic pains that he sank at j
mice to the floor. I gave him a
lose of this remedy-which helped
lim. I repeated the dose and in
ifteen minutes he left my store
imilingly informing me that he
elt as well as ever." Sold by
A Lurid Picture.
Following is a leading question <
rom a sermon preached by a col
>red exhorter, recently:
" Oh, me! What you gwine ter j
10 w'en you see de devil comin' i
11 a hailstorm, drivin'a pa'r er i
rhite bosses, wid de lightnin' fer i
eins en de thunder barkin' lak a i
loud' dog at his heels, an' him
:ickin' de big hills out his way, i
n drinkin' up desea at a moutii- i'
ul w'en he feel thirsty, en takin'11
le roun' worl' in his two ban's, i
n pitchin' it at de stars lak hit! 1
raz a baseball! I ax you, plain i
n constant, what you gwine ter :
lo en' whar you gwine to stun':'
i-'en de devil do dat?"?Atlanta' I
Fought For His Lite. '
" My father and sister both
lied of Consumption," writes J. j
P. Weatherwax, of Wyandotte,
licli., "and I was saved from
he same frightful fate only by
>r. King's Sew Discovery.' An
ittack of l'neumonia left an ob
tinate cough and very severe
ung trouble, whic h an excellent
loctor could not help, but a te\r i
nonths' use of this wonderful I
uedicine made me as well as ever
ind I gained much in weight.",
nfallible for Coughs, Colds and
dl Throat and Lung trouble. 1
Trial bottles free. Guaranteed ?
Kittles 50c and J 1,00 at Hood
Scrofula is but a modified form of Blood
Poison and Consumption. The parent
who is tainted by either will see in the
cml<l me same disease
manifesting itself in
the form of swollen
glands of the neck and I
throat, catarrh, weak 1
eyes, offensive so re 9.J
and abscesses and of- t
tentimes white swell- 4
ing~ sure signs of 1
Scrofula. There may (J
be no extern: 1 signs for f
a lung uuic, i <rineuiscasecieveiOj>s siowiy
in some cases, but the ooison is in the
blood and will break out at the first favor
able opportunity. S. S. S. cures this wast
ing, destructive disease try first purifying
and building up the blood and stimulating
and invigorating the whole system.
J. M Seal*, ir5 Public Square. Nashville,Tenn.,
?ay* : "Ten years ago my daugnter fell and cut
her forehead. From this wound the glands on
the side of her face became swollen and burstcd.
Some of the best doctors here and elsewhere
attended her without any benefit. We decided
to try S. S. S., and a few bottles cured her en
makes new and purs
14 ^ H ^ ^ blood to nourish and
strengthen the body,
and is a positive and
't?/ safe care for Scrofula.
It overcomes all fonns of blood poison,
whether inherited or acquired, and no
remedy so thoroughly and effectively |
cleanses the blood. If you have any
blood trouble, or your child has inherited
some blood taint, take S. S. S. and get
the blood in good condition and prevent
the disease doing further damage.
Send for our free book and write our
physicians aLout your case. We make no
charge whatever for medical advice.
THE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO.. ATLANTA. GA.
Dia sue Accept Hunr
Teas?He proposed to her in
rather a gruesome way.
Jess?Why, I understood he
merely asked her to share his j
Tess?.No, he asked her if she
would care to share his lot. They
were walking in the cemetery at j
the time.?Philadelphia Press.
It Saved His Leg.
P. A. Danforth, of LaGrange, j
Ga., suffered for six months with
a frightful running sore on his
leg; but writes that Bucklen's
Arnica Salve wholly cured it in
five days. For Ulcers, Wounds, j
Piles, it's the best salve in the
world. Cure guaranteed. Only
25c. Sold by Hood Pros.
Agent?Sir, can I sell you this
statue of a Greek god? It is one
of the most artistic adornments
for the home to be found ad?"
Mr. Got rich?Young feller, hev
y' got enny statoos o' pigs? I
think a life-size statoo o' a pig in
bronze would be great- t' set in
th' hall, don't you? Y' see, I
made most o' my munny in pigs.?!
Columbus (Ohio) State Journal
Old Spldier's Experience.
M. M. Austin, a civil war vete
ran, of Winchester, Ind., writes:
" My wife was sick a long time in
spite of good doctor's treatment,
but was wholly cured by Dr.
King's New Life Pills, which
worked wonders for her health."
They always do. Try them.
Only 25c at Hood Pros, drug
His Ruling Passion.
Ida?I wonder how Nan per
suaded him to propose?
Ada?Oh, she appealed to his
vanity. You know that hatband
she gave him Christmas? Well,
the designing thing embroidered
on it '"Size No. 8."?Harper's
Shudders at His Past.
"1 recall now with horror,"
says Mail Carrier Burnett Mann,!
of l^evanna, O., " my three years
of suffering from Kitlney trouble.
I was hardly ever free from dull
aches or acute pains in my back.
To stoop or lift mail sacks made
me groan. I felt tired, worn out,
about ready to give up, when I
began to use Electric Bitters, but i
six bottles completely cured nte j
and made me feel likea new man." j i
They're unrivaled to regulate j1
Stomach, Liver, Kidneys and j(
Bowels, I'erfect satisfaction!
guaranteed by Hood Bros. Only
Grantham, Austin & Co. have '
a nobby line of Ties. The prettiest '
you have seen.
WHITE'S BLACK LINIMENT. '
2!?c. bottles reduced to 15c.
"I have used White's Black
Liniment and his other horse
medicines with great success and
[ound them to be as represented. <
"W. L. Fuller,
"Smithtield, N. C." ,
For sale by Allen Lee,
Smithfleld, N. C. Druggist.
The Herald and Home and
Farm one year, $1.25. ,
I wish to say to rrivfriends and
customers that I have added to
my full line of General Merchan
dise a nice and up-to-date stock
of MILLINERY, the cheapest and
prettiest ever brought to Four
Oaks. Ladies, Come to see me
and buy your
spring and summer Hals
from my Milliner, Miss Willie
Creech. I have also the latest
thing in the gilt and velvet belts.
Also the spikes for the belts My
goods are cheap and new stock.
Give me a trial.
Apr5?tf Four Oaks.
Y?U NEED IT.
It is Uood to have
on hand. X
A Bottle of T ' '
Nerve and Bone
Made strictly by an old and reliable formula.
Has been used for thirty-five years.
For Man and Beast.
You Get a Large Bottle for 50 cts.
MADE AND FOR SALE BY
Smithfleld, N. C.
For sale by Hood Bros., Smithfleld: Haywood
Price, Beulah township; Hare & Son, Selma,
V. C.; W. H. Smith, Micro. N. C.; O. F. Wood
ird, Princeton: Alex. Edg-orton, Pinkney;
Pope Bros., near Kenly; J. It. Hains. Hagley.
2oine and see me if you want the
best fiues for the least money. I
I have the Cotton King and Elmo
(the world's best.)
Fine Breech Leading
Shot Guns, ,
Aii at factory prices.
Dome and see them if you
want to get the best goods i
for the least money.
S- B. JOHNSON,
Smithfieli N. G
I have a full line of Hardware,
Cart, Wagon and
Nails, Screws, Hinges,
Tinware. Oil, Lead Plows,
Sewing Machines, &c.
I still have some
and some other things in General
Merchandise which I am running
off at reduced prices. Come ana
J. E CREECH,
SELMA, N, C
and Colds. Give White's Fever
Medicine every half hour and
applv White's Black Liniment.
Colic and Kidney troubles, give
White's Colic and Kidnev Cure.
Staggers: Give White s Purga
tive and White's Fever Medicine.
Worms: Give White's Purga
tive and White's Worm and Con
Allen Lee, Druggist.
Do not be deceived by those v ho ad
vertise o fHU.ijO ,'tv.iig Jiuehi.iu lor
$20.00. Thin kind of a muehiiio cna
be bought from us or mi v of our
dealers fro.n Jl"..X)to 113.00.
WE M*I\C A VARIETY.
THE NEW HOWE IS THE BEST.
The Feed determine* the utrength or
weakness of Sewing Maehhie*. Tike
Double Ke<'?l eouiliined w ith other
strong points maki* the Niow Home
the U'ot Hewing Machine to l>uy.
ro manufacture and prices Lti'oro purchasing
the new k:::s seeing machine m.
B UnionH?i. N. V., Chlorfrfo, 111., Atlanta, Oa,
BU Louis, Mo., D k'!m?,Tex.,i<i?n Kr.inclsoo, Oat
ro* sslC by
J. M. BEATY,
SMITH FIELD, 1. C.
WE KEEP A FIRST-CLASH HARDWARE STORE WITH
ALL SUCH THINGS AS
Stoves, Ready Mixed Paints, Oils, Lead, Guns,
PISTOLS, AMMUNITION. TINWARE,
CHILLED PLOWS for one or two horses, GLOBE CULTIVATORS.
WAGON MATERIAL. NAILS and HORSE SHOES, POCKET and TABLE
CUTLERY, FIRST QUALITY BELTING.
SASH, DOORS. BLINDS, CROCKERY, LAMPS, Extra teavy Team Collars, etc.
Just received a bi^r lot of llevoe's (lid Reliable Paints and Colors
in Oil. Every Gallon Guaranteed.
Osborne Mowers find Reapers for Sale.
14-FINGER GRAIN CRADLES.
rAllAn HAAC Wire Poultry and Fish Netting.
VUIIUII llvVo* Wire Screen Doors and Windows.
Clayton Hardware Company,
C. W. CARTER, Owner and Proprietor,
Dio-tf. CLAYTON, N. C.
S. R. Morgan,
smithfieli), n. c. and Undertaker,
will repair furniture and frame *your"ptctures. Full llnejof" Caskets and Cotilcl
Men's, Ladles' and Children's Burial Robes and Shoes, Hose,'Gloves, i&c. Thank)
to my friends and patrons for past patronaee. Hope to serve you in future
I have recently repaired and enlarged my shop and added many
things to my stock. 1 cUal in
Dressed Lumber arid Mouldings
FOR HOUSE BUILDING.
Turning and Scroll Work done to order. Building Material, such as
Sash, Doors, Blinds, Locks, Hinges, Screws, Cut and Wire Nails,
Glass, Putty, &c. Cart, Wagon and Buggy Material. Car
penters' Tools. Agent for the
Celebrated Longman & Martinez Paints
AND PARIAN READY MIXED PAINTS.
White Leads and Oil Colors, Linseed Oil, Turpentine, roofing
paints, &c. Machinists' Supplies, including
Belts, Bolts, Pipe and Pipe Fittings, &c.
Also a good line of Undertakers' Goods always 011 hand such as
CASKETS, COFFINS, BURIAL ROBES,
SLIPPERS, GLOVES, &c. X X X
I have also rebuilt and enlarged my free lot and stables and all
visiting Clayton are cordially invited to stop with me. Thanking
my friends for past favors I hope to merit a continuance of the
J. E. PAGE, Glayton, N. G.