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NORTH CAROLINA HISTORY.
The Decade Between 1830--1840?
The Constitutional Convention of
1835?The Burning of the
Olive Pearle Harris, in Henderson Gold Leaf.
There were many changes in the
affuirs of North Carolina during
this period which have had a help
ful influence upon theState, both
commercially and politically.
During this period was made one
of the greatest improvements
that has yet been made in North
There had been for several
years a great desirefor the build
ing of railroads in the State. An
iron track had been used previ
ously for hauling stone for the
new capitol building. In the
General Assembly of 1832 an act
was passed authorizing the ex
tension of a railway from Ports
mouth, Ya , to Roanoke river.
Only a small portion of this lay
in North Carolina, but it was the
(beginning of our intercourse with
the outside world by means of
railroads, and was therefore very
important. This was a great
improvement on the old system
In J une, 1831, a great loss came
to the North Carolinians. The
capitol was burned to ashes. The
lire was said to have been caused
by the carelessness of a mechanic
who was engaged in repairing
the roof. The people did not val
ue the building so much as they'
did the celebrated statue of
Washington, byCunova. It was
.a noble figure in Roman armor
which was said to have been the
greatest work of that great artist, j
The General Assembly met in
the Governor's palace until the
new capitol was erected. The
Legislature of that year elected
David L. Swain, of Buncombe)
county, a former J udge of the
Superior Court, Governor of
North Carolina. He was a man
of true patriotism and warm de
votion to his State. No man has
ever better known or more sin
cerely loved North Carolina than
D. L. Swain.
North Carolina in that year
furnished two great men to Ala
bama. Israel i 'ickens had become
?Governor of Alabama, and Wil
liam R. King, of Sampson county,
liad become a leading member of
the United States Senate from
The next year there were con- j
tinual political storms, and party
.strife was so great that civil war
stained near. j
111 i?aa tnere was a great rail
road convention. The year!
1832 was made famous by the
beginning of the first railroad in |
North Carolina. The convention j
of 1833 v\ as the greatest work of,
.its kind that had been carried on ;
anywhere in the world. A rail-j
road from Wilmington wasinuu-i
gurated ov the exertion of the
citizens of Wilmington. There
were a few noble men who pledged
i heir whole fortunes for its sup-1
port, and obtained a city sub-:
ascription of $400,000, when all ]
the city property was scarcely i
worth that amount. A branch
?of this railroad, also-chartered in
1833, was called the Greenville
and Roanoke railroad.
The relation of the two races,
the one to the other, in 1834 was
a most undesirable one, and pro
duced unfortunate consequences. \
A slave, by his influence as a
preacher, became a terrible ene
my and slaughtered fifty-five
white men, women and children.
During this year the struggle for
the amending of theConstitution
came to a close and a committee
was called to make suitable
changes on the following year.
The convention called for
amending the Constitution met
in June, 183"). Nathaniel Macon,
the member from Warren, was
elected president of that body.
Dp to this time no parliament
ary body in the history of the
.State had been assembled with so
many distinguished North Caro
linians. They were all fluent
speakers and some notable ora
tors. William (iaston, of Craven,
was said to be the best speaker
of the convention. Governor]
Spaight opposed him. One of
the first changes in the Consti
tution was the abolition of j
borough members from the House
of Commons. Previously the
towns of New Heme, Wilmington,
Jvdenton, Salisbury, Hillsboro
and Halifax were each entitled to
a representative in the House of
Donnnons. Rut this convention
changed this section saying that
each county paying one-fiftieth
of theState tax should lie entitle)]
to one Senator, and the mem tiers
of the House of Commons were
based on population.
The next alteration in the Con
stitution woe to prevent the free
negroes from voting. They hud
no right, bylaw, to vote, but had
by degrees acquired this privi
lege. Judge Guston, Charles
Fisher and others, tried in vain
to remind the people that the
| negroes were subject to taxation
and, therefore, ought to have a
right to vote.
Fader the Halifax Constitution
there was a section requiring
every one to believe in the 1'rot
estant faith in order to hold any
office under the Government of
North Carolina. This was
changed so that any one who "be
lieved in God and did not hold
! auy religious principles incom
patible with the safety and free
(loin of the State" could hold
office under the Government.
Also, this convention amended
I the Constitution by allowing the
J people to vote for the Governor,
instead of only the General As
The new Constitution was
voted on by the people and pass
ed by a majority of 0,105.
In 1800 the people were still
eager fcr more railroads. Thej
I Raleigh & Gaston Railroad had
I been chartered in 1835, and the
people planned for more, but
they were not able to support
them out of their own small
fortunes. The State only aided
two and these two were now
ready for transportation.
In 1838 the school districts
were formed and were supported
by the taxes on liquors, taverns,
and the sale of vacant lands and
In 1837 the Presbyterians es
tablished Davidson College in
.Mecklenburg county as an educa
tional seat. It was chartered in
1838, and was put under the con
trol of Dr. Morrison.
In 1834 the Baptists formed a
classical school in Wake county.
This was chartered as a college
in 1838, now known as Wake
Forest College. These two insti
tutions of learning have built up
in the State a desire for learning.
This period was one of the most
noted and most important in
North Carolina history. The
schools have broadened the
minds of the people in power
to-day, and the political contro
versies have helped the laws with
which they rule.
Religion and Health.
No better system of hygeia was
ever devised than that which God
prescribed to His ancient people.
That, part of the Levitical law
which was designed to regulate]
the diet and daily habits of the
Jews, was founded upon the
strictest principles of sanitary
science. The cleanliness of per
son which it enjoined, and ab
stinence from every article of j
food that is injurious in its char
acter, show their good effect in |
the Israelites of the present day.
They are a remarkably robust
and vigorous people, more' free
perhaps from cutaneous, eruptive
and malarial diseases. Christ
came not to destroy the good
features of even the Ceremonial
law, but to fulfill. Those great
principles which He laid down for
the regulation of our moral life
stand immediately related to our
physical health. "For godliness
is profitable unto all things, hav
ing promise of the life that now
is, as well as that which is to
cotne." If a man had ao other
object in view than to secure the
greatest longevity and good
health, he could not do better
than strictly to observe the pre
cepts of the Gospel. They require
abstinence from all excesses in
eating and drinking, and from
everything that could injure or
abuse the body. And then, they
are intended to regulate and re
strain the passions as well as the
appetites. They suppress the
ebullition of temper, and the dis
position to fret und V9tty under
the trials and burdens of life.
There can be no doubt that the
maintenance of an equable dis
position is tributary in no small
degree to the preservation of
good health. If, as the Bible
affirms, the wicked .man "shall
not live out half his days" it is
not only because he is more ex
posed by reason of his associa
tions to acts of violence, but also
because he indulges in those ex
cesses, and gives way to those
outbursts of passion, that invari
ably tend to shorten life. Insur
ance companies are always more
ready to take risk# vJ Christian
men than on those whose habits
do not conform to the regular
t ions and restraints of a religious
life.?Richmond Christian Advo
Eruptions, cuts, burns, scalds
and sores of all kinds quickly
healed by DeWitt's Witch Huzel
Salve. Certain cure for piles. Re
wan' of Counterfeits. Re sure
you get the original?DeWitt's.
Hare A Son, J. R. I^dbetter,
Using: What we Have.
It in not what we have that
blesses the world, but it's iu the
way we use w hat we have. Pa
rents should teach their children
that tiie gaining of wealth 01
power for the mere sake of having
it, is failure; but gaining for use.
is success. Teachers should teach
their students to be studious, but
above all, teach them the abso
lute necessity of learning to use
what they may learn.
The servant who had the five
talents was not rewarded on his j
lord's return for having the five
talents, but for having rightly
used them. He who craves to be
blessed, that he may be a bless
ing, breaths the most nobleof all
prayers; and he who strives to
make a blessing of a blessing, is
the most noble of all men.
A. II. l'l.OWKIlS.
Astounded the Editor.
Editor S. A. Brown, of Ben
nettsville, S. C., was once im
mensely surprised. "Through
long suffering from Dyspepsia," j
he writes, "my wife was greatly
run down. She had no strength
or vigor and suffered great dis- j
tress from her stomach, but she!
tried Electric Bitters which helped
her at once,'and, after using four
bottles, she is entirely well, can
eat anything. It's a grand tonic,
and its gentle laxative qualities
are splendid for torpid liver."
For Indigestion, Loss of Appe
tite, Stomach and Liver troubles
it's a positive guaranteed cure.
Only o()c at Hood Bros.
The Meaning; of "Lady."
The much abused word "Lady,"
is modified direct from the early
Anglo-Saxon, and means "loaf
giver;" for the highest ideal of
woman in those days was to be
a good manager of her house
hold in every particular; bread
was then the real staff of life.
The Delineator for September
devotes its illustrated cookery
article to the subject of bread in
its various forms and every
" Lady" should study the article.
GOOD FARM FOR SALE.
I have for sale a tract of land
640 acres,on MiddleGreek,about
six miles west of Smit lifield. Seven
horse farm cleared. No better
land to be had for cotton, to
bacco and corn. Five buildings
two of which are five-room
houses. Fineplace to raise stock.
Gin house, steam engine and to-1
bacco houses on this farm. 1
have for sale also one pair good
mules, one Auburn two-horse
wagon and harness. Will also
sell one pair horses.
G..W. F. BARBOUR,
Snnthfiold, X. C.
Houses to Rent
If you want to rent any kind of
a house in Smithfield please let
me know it. 1 have several to
rent. J. M. Bkaty.
Senator John E. Woodarci says: I)r.
Worthington's Remedy has proved an
almost infallible remedy for those diseases
tor whicli'it is especially reeommeud? d.
It lias been used to my knowledge, with
great efficiency in many distressingly
troublesome cases. I believe it should
become a household remedy everywhere.
Price 25c. at Hood B*os.
WHITU'S BLACK LINIMENT,
2-)C. MOTTLES REDUCED TO 15c.
"I have used White's Black
Liniment and his other horse
medicines with creat success and
found them to be as represented.
"W. L. Fuller,
"Smithfield, N. C."
For sale by Allen Lee,
Smithfield, N. C. Druggist.
Come and see me if you want the
best fines for the least money. I
I have the Cotton King and Elmo
(the world's best )
Fine Breech Loading
Ail at factory prices.
Come and see them if you
want to get the best goods
for the least money.
S. B. JOHNSON,
Smithfield, N. C
I t'MDKK A
R. R. FARE PAID
^ w. \x rite quick to
CA.-ALA. BUSINESS COLLEGE. Mnron.Ca
OF NORTH CAROLINA.
of the State's Educational
Eighty five scholarships. Free Tuition
to teachers and ministers sons. Loans
for the needy.
New Dormitories. Water Works. Central
Heating Systen .
$130,000 sp? nt in improvements in 1900
Fail term begins September 9, 1901.
F P. VENABLE. President,
CHAPEL IIILL. N. C.
Littleton Female College
One of the most prosperous institutions
for the Higher Education of young wo
men in the South.
Panacea Water kept in the building.
Nineteenth Annual Session begins Sep
For Catalogue address
Littleton. N. C.
Agriculture. Engineering. Mechanic Arts
and Cotton Manufacturing; a combination
of theory and practice, of study and man
ual training. Tuition $20 a year. Total
expense, including clothing and board,
$125. Thirty teachers :K)2 students. Next
session begins September 4th.
For catalogue address George T. Win
N. C. COLLEGE
Agriculture and Mechanic Arts,
RALEIGH, N. C.
offers one hundred and twenty-five grad
ate and undergraauate courses of study.
Twenty-three teachers in academic
courses. Eight laboratories equipped
with modern apparatus. Large library
facilities. Best gymnasium and athletic
api>oiiitmcnts in the State.
Scholarships and Loan Funds.
Attendance nearly doubled within the
past seven years. Expenses very low.
The best college is the one that offers a
student the best advantages. Send for
Pit ESI DENT K I LOO.
Durham, N. C.
DR. S. P. J. LEE,
Smithfield, : N, C.
Office in Smithwick Building.
Dr. J. W. Hatcher,
Selma IN. C.
Office in iIakb& Son's Dm a Store.
FLOYD H. PARRISH,
SMITHFIELD, N C.
Fresh Meats, Beef and Ice
Highest Prices Paid for .Hides
QTBeef cattle wanted.
DR. H. P. UNDERHILL,
Physician and Surgeon,
KENXY, N. C.
Office at Mr. Jesse Kirby's.
John W. Futrell, Treasurer of Johnstor
County, will be in Hmithlield every
Monday and Saturday and Court Weeks
Office In back room of the Bank of Smith
field. In his absence county orders will b?
oaid at the Bank
hmith field, n. c.
Transients and Boarders
On Main Business Street.
MRS I.E. DICKENS,
Rand & Stephenson,
We desire to cull the attention of the
public of pmithfleld and vicinity to the
fact that we have associated ourselves to
(tether for the purpose of engaging In t
->:Gontracting and Building*
We want the w,.rk and we think that we
can make It to your Interest to have us
to do yours. Estimates promply fur
nished on all kinds wood or brick work
1 Call on or address
wH'VuphenWl Rand & Stephenson
SMITH FIELD. n. u .
The Hera lp and Home 4 Farm
j one year for J1.2">.
Horner Military School,
OXFORD. N. C.
Securing perfect ventilation, sixteen new rooms for two bora eacb to be
added for the fall term. Engagements should lie made early. Annual
attendance up to the full capacity and many turned away each session for
lack of room. Best athletic Held with quarter mile track in the South.
Faculty of specialists with special work Curriculum preparatory to the
best College or University education. An atmosphere of high ideals sui
rounds the school, as students not preparing for higher education are
Fail term begins September 3.
J. C. HORNER.
Situated in the glowing town of Ketily, Johnston county, on the Atlantic
Coast Line, ten miles from Seirna and fifteen milea from Wilson Noted
for healthfulness, cheapness, and sound, practical instruction.
El-Rant new buildings. Literary Societies. Library and Heading Room,
The Kenl. Student (a semi annual school journal for which students do
composing), four denominations, three church buildings, perennial Sunday
Schools, weekly prayer meetings, double daily mail express and passenger
service, telephone and telegraph connections with all parts of the Union,
Athletic Association, Calisthenics, School Octette and Band, etc , etc.
COURSES?Collegiate, Normal (tree), Business and Music.
Tuitfon, $1 to $3} Board, $5 to $7,50,
DORMITORIES anil boarding houses for young ladies and
young men under control and management of the principal.
LARGE AND INCREASING PATRONAGE.
150 students, representing 13 counties, 2 States and 7 denominations. Stu
dious habits and strict attention required; thorough drill and continuous
practice is exacted; complete satisfaction and healthy progress guaranteed.
Faculty of ei lit graduates of best colleges, conservatories, busiress uni
versities and high schools.
SIX SCHOLARSHIPS to Kenly Academy and others to the vailous higher
educational institutions of the State. Four medals given. For further
information or catalogue, address
W. A. HARPER, A. B., Principal,
KENLY. N. C.
Peacock's Big Racket Store.
SM 1TH FIELD, N. C.
Good Lot cf WINDOW SHADES, different kinds, cheap. Bargains in
Drummers' Samples?any thing from two cents up. Tinware and Glass
ware, Table Oil Cloth. Shoes and Cloth.
In the Racket Line I have Needles, Pins, Thimbles, Buttons, Hair Pins,
Harps, Soaps, Braids, Ties, BeLs, Thread, Baskets. I keep
A Nice Line of Jewelry all the Time.
Ready made Skitts, White Homespun by the Bolt 4jc. Fifty Gents'
Negligee Shirts 29c. Candy, Lemons, Cakes and Chewing Gum.
Come to see me when in town.
?W. H. PEACOCK.
S. F?. Morgan,
smithfield, n. c. and Undertaker,
will repair furniture and frame your pictures. Full line of Caskets and CotSns
Men's, Ladles' and Children's Burial Robes and Shoes, Hose, Gloves, Ac. Thanks
to my friends and patrons for past patronage. Hope to serve you in future
Goods at Reduced,
1 have a large stock of Spring and summer
goods on hand and I have decided to mark
down the prices on a good many of the lots to
close them out at bargains.
5c. Lawns for 4c. 6c. Lawns, fast colors, 5c.
10c. LAWNS, NICE STYLES, Tic.
A Beautiful bine of Percales
For men's shirts, boys' waists and ladies'
shirt wants 10c. and 12ic.
CRASH?a nice line in plaids and strips, 10, 12i and 15 cents.
DIMITIES, LAWNS AND
A beautiful line at 10, 1 2i, 15, 1 9c.
A nice line of Suitings for Suits or Skirts, good Styles,
wear well, 10c. for 8c.
for ladies, misses and children, large stock on hand arid Mia
med up in the latest styles. Prices from '25c up to $5.
A FULL STOCK OF
Mens' and Boys' Clothing and Gent's
Furnishing Goods, Shoes and Hats
at reduced prices.
Come to see me if you wish to save money.
W. G. YELVINGTON,
Smithfield, N. G