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"Lest we Forget."
ej**w Vurk Ttmun.
Since the beginning of the pres
ent strike the steel workers nave
behaved very well. Their infrac
tions of the law seem to have
been limited to picketing, but if
the surprise they express when
one after another of the mills
starts up with a full crew of non
union workmen is any evidence,
they are maintaining an ineffec
tual blockade of the plants they
are watching. That they have
refrained from violence is credit
able Mr. Shaffer promised this,
but that he could make the
promise good was doubted. We
confidently hope that his influ
ence in this important matter
has been underrated.
At this time, when others who
are perhaps closer to the mem
bership of the Amalgamated
Association than Mr. Shaffer can
be are beginuing to express the
hope that nothing will occur to
inflame the steel workers beyond
their patience, it is well to recall
the incidents of the Homestead
riots. The world makes news
very fast nowadays, and we are
apt to forget the lessons of expe
rience all too soon for our own
In June, 1892, the skilled labor
?employed in the plants of Came
gie, Phipps & Co. and the Carne
gie Steel Company refused a re
duction in the scale from a mini
mum ol $2."> for billets to a mini
mum of $23. A strike was de
clared, and the companies, pend
ing an adjustment, attended to
repairs and other midsummer
work. Becoming convinced that
the mill managers had no inten
tion of yielding, tne strikers
gradually became ugly and were
determined that the mills should
not be started with non-union
labor, then easily available. On
the 4th of July Mr. H. C. Frick,
Chairman of both companies,
uotified the Sheriff of Allegheny
County in writing that persons
and property were in danger and
demanded that measures for their
protection be taken. The atti
tude of the Sheriff was unsatis
factory. He gained access to the
mills for himself and two depu
ties only on passts issued by the
strikers permitting them to pass
the pickets and guards. On the
afternoon of J uly 5 twelve Deputy
Sheriffs arrived from Pittsburg,
but were refused admittance and
sent back. The citizens and busi
ness men of Homestead appealed
to the Governor, but received no
immediate reply. The situation
becoming critical, Mr. Frick
deemed it necessary to provide a
guard of his own. On the after
noon of July 6 two barges, with
.300 Pinkerton men on board,
appeared on the river and ap
proached the Homestead wharf.
The strikers fired upon the barges
from the banks on both sides of
the river, and a battle ensued in
which several were killed, includ
ing the Captain of the flotilla. If
the I'inkerton men had not sur
rendered they would have been
massacred. As it was, they were
badly handled subsequent to
giving up their arms. After being
held for some time as prisoners
in an empty building, they were
put aboard trains and sent back
to Pittsburg, from which point
they were scattered among the
For some days after this san
guinary riot the Homestead mills
remained in possession of the
mob. Two officers of the Carne
gie Company who attempted to
visit the plant were stopped on
the way, refused admission, and
notified that any attempt to
start with non-union labor would
be attended with results for which
the Amalgamated Association
would assume no responsibility.
This condition lasted until July
10, when, on the official admis
sion of the Sheriff that he was J
unable to handle the mob, Gov
ernor Pattison called out the
National Guard. A Congressional
investigation revealed the fact
that liefore the strike rollers were
rec'iving $ 25( > to $2 7 5 per mon t h;
beaters, #185 to $190; headers'
helpers, about $130; trainmen,
:$9< to $120; shearers, $100, and
shearers' helpers, $95.
On July 20 the management
gave notice that it was about to
start the works non-union, under
a code of rules which would not
permit the Amalgamated again
to have representation in them.
On the 28th Mr. Frick was at
tacked in his office by Bergman, j
a Socialist sympathizer with t he
strikers, who attempted to assas
sinate him. He fired three shots,
?of which two took effect. Mr.
Frick was painfully and danger
When the management was
ready to resume it resumed with
non-union labor, as it had an
nounced. TheAtnalgamnfed As
sociation held out until Nov. 20,
when the strike was declared <>ff
and the members took what
places were open to them. In
dictments, trials for murder,
damage suits against the coun
ty, investigations, and the like
kept it in the public memory a
few months longer, the Amalga
mated Association disappearing
from notice. Now, with even less
pretext than it had in 1S02, it
renews the struggle for coutrolof
the plants from which it was ex
pelled under conditions so hu
miliating to every self-respecting
wage-earner who hopes for bene
fit to labor through organiza
Since the present strike began
very little has been said about
the Homestead tragedy. To
keep) it in mind will be wholesome.
Chronological Record of the Steel
July 1.?Strike of the Amalga
mated Association of Iron, Steel
ami Tin Workers began at the
mills of the American Sheet Steel
Company and the American Steel
tion demanded that these two
companies agree with it as to
rates of pay at non-union mills.
The companies refused.
July 14.?After a series of fruit
less conferences the strike is ex
tended to the American Tinplute
Company's mills for the same
reason as in the case of the other
July 27.?President T. J. Shaf
fer and other officials of the
Amalgamated Association confer
in New York with J. P. Morgan
and receive from him a proposi
tion for settling the strike as fol
Association to drop its demand
for unionizing all the mills, but
to be conceded the right to union
ize five mills not previously so
recognized by the trust. This
proposition, when laid before the
Amalgamated Association's ex
ecutive board at a series of meet
ings in Pittsburg, is rejected.
August 3.?Another conference
held in New York between strike
leaders and Steel Trust officials.
It ends in disagreement on the
Cause for the General Strike.?
A difference of opinion as to
recognizing about a dozen mills
as union, particularly those at
Wellsville, Ohio; McKeesport,
Pa., and Painter's, Lindsay &
McCutcheon's and Clark's in
August (i.?Call for general
strike at Steel Trust mills, to
take effect August 10, issued.? j
Astounded the Editor.
Editor S. A. Brown, of Ben
nettsville, S. C., was once im
mensely surprised. "Through
long suffering from Dyspepsia,"
he writes, "my wife was greatly
run down. She had no strength
or vigor and suffered great dis
tress from her stomach, but she
tried Electric Bittersjwhich helped
her at once, and, after using four
bottles, she is entirely well, can
eat anything. It's a grand tonic,
and its gentle laxative qualities
are splendid for torpid liver."
For Indigestion, I-oss of Appe
tite, Stomach and Liver troubles
it's a positive guaranteed cure.
Only 50c at Hood Bros.
Franklin's Old Joke Gets a Frize,
From an article entitled "A
Century of American Humor" in
Munsey's Magazine, says a writer
in the I.ondon Sketch, 1 learn
that the first great American
humorist was no less a person
than Benjamin Franklin, and
that the moment when the key
note of American hntnor for all
future generations was struck
was the very serious moment of
the signing of the Declaration of
Independence. "One of the sign
ers, if tradition is to be believed,
remarked when he laid aside his
pen, 'We must all hang together.'
Whereupon Benjamin Franklin,
who was at that moment in the
act of adding his name, replied, |
'Yes, we must all hang together,
for if we do not it is pertain that
we shall all hang separately.'"
By a delightful coincidence this
quotation gains the Academy's
prize for the best quotation ap- i
piiitable to the present state of
the Liberal party.
Since March -I, 11)00, 065 na
tional banks have been organ
ized in thiscountry with a capital
of $34,267,000. Of this number
151) are in the Southern States.
Eruptions, cuts. Iqwaus.. scalds
and sores of #11 ktSns quickly,
healed by DeWitt's Witch Hazel
Salve. Certain cure for piles. Be-;
ware of Counterfeits. Be sure
you get the original?DeWitt's.
Hare & Son, J. R. I>edbetter,
Laughter and Long Life.
It may In* that some enthusi
astic ami laborious German stu
t ist ician lias already accu mutated
figures bearing upon the question
of length of life and its relation
to the enjoyment thereof; if so,
we are unacquainted with his re
sults and yet have a very decided !
notion that people who enjoy
life, cheerful jieople, are also those
to whom longest life is given.
Commonplace though this
sounds, there is no truth more
commonly ignored in actual
every-day existence. "Oh, yes,
of course, worry shortens life and
the contented people live to be
old," we are all ready to say, and
yet how many people recognize
the duty of cheerfulne s? Most
persons will declare that if a man
is not naturally cheerful he can-;
not make himself so. Yet this is
far from being the case, and there
is many a man who is at present
a weary burden to his relatives,
miserable through the earking
care of some bodily ailment, per
haps, or some worldly misfortune,
who, if he had grown up into the
idea that to be cheerful under all
circumstances was oneof the first
duties of life, might still see a
pleasant enough world around
Thackeray truly remarked that
the world is for each of us much
as we show ourselves to the world.
If we face it with a cheery accept
ance we find the world fairly full
of cheerful people glad to see us.
If we snarl at it and abuse it we
may be sure of abuse in return.
The discontented worries of a
morose person may very likely
shorten his days, and the general
justice of nature's arrangement
provides that his early departure
should entail no long regrets.
()n the other hand, a man who
can laugh keeps his health and
his friends are glad to keep him.
To t he perfectly healthy laughter
comes often. Too commonly,
though, as childhood is left be
hind the habit fails, and a half
smile is the best that visits the
thought-lined mouth of a modern
man or woman. People become
more and more burdened with the
accumulations of knowledge and
with the weighing responsibilities
of life, but they should still spare
time to laugh. Let them never
forget, moreover, and let it be a
medical man's practice to remind
them that "a smile sits ever
serene upon the face of Wisdom."
What a Tale it Tells.
If that mirror of yours shows
a wretched, sallow complexion, a
jaundiced look, moth patches and
blotches on the skin, it's liver
trouble; but Dr. King's New Life
Pills regulate the liver, purify the
blood, give clear skin, rosy cheeks,
rich complexion. Only 25c at
Hood Bros, drug store.
The attendance at the Pan
American exposition during the
first three months ending at mid
night on July 31, was 2,724,908.
With the exception of one week,
the admissions have shown a
Houses to Rent
If you want to rent any kind of
a house in Smithfield please let
me know it. 1 have several to
rent. J. M. Bkaty.
Senator John E. Woodard says: Dr.
Worthington's Remedy has proved an
almost Infallible remedy for those diseases
for which It is especially recommended.
It has been used to my knowledge, with
great efficiency in many distressingly
troublesome cases. I believe it should
become a household remedy everywhere.
Price 25c. at Hood Bros.
WHITE'S BLACK LINIMENT.
2bc. bottles 11kduced to 15c.
"I have used White's Black
Liniment and his other horse
medicines with irreat success and
found them to be as represented.
"W. L. Fuller,
"Smithfield, N. C."
For sale by Allen Lee,
Smithfield, N. C. Druggist.
Come and see me if you want the
best flues for the least money. I
I have the Cotton King and Elmo
(the world's best)
Fine Breech Loading
Ail at factory prices.
Come and see them if you
want to get the best goods
for the least money.
S. B. JOHNSON,
Smithfield, N. C.
Apr 3 4m
OF NORTH CAROLINA.
of the State's Educational
Eighty live scholarships. Free Tuition
to teachers ami ministers sons. Loans
for the needy.
New Dormitories, Water Works. Central
Heating Bysten .
$130 000 sp< nt in improvements in 1900
Fall term begins September 9, 1991.
F P. VENABLE, President,
CHAPEL HILL. N. C.
Littleton Female College
One of the most prosperous institutions '
for the Higher Education of young wo
meu in the South.
Panacea Water kept in the building.
Nineteenth Annual Session begins Sep-1
For Catalogue address
Littleton. N. C.
Agriculture. Engineering, Mechanic A rts
and Cotton Manufacturing: a combination
of theory and practice, of study and man
ual training. Tuition $2U a year. Total
expense, including clothing and board. !
$125. Thirty teachers 302 students. Next ;
session begins September 4th.
For catalogue address George T. Win- j
N. C. COLLEGE
Agriculture and Mechanic Arts,
' RALEIGH, N. C.
offers one hundred and twenty-five grad
ate and undergraauate courses of study. I
Twenty-three teachers iu academic (
courses. Eight laboratories equipped J
with modern apparatus. Large library
facilities. Best gymnasium and athletic ;
appointments iu the State.
Scholarships and Loan Funds.
Attendance nearly doubled within tht |
past seven years. Expenses very low.
The best college is the one that offers a ,
student the best advantages. Send for ]
Durham, N. C. |
DR. S. P. J. LEE,
Smithfield, : : N, C.
Office in Smithwick Building.
Dr. J. W. Hatcher,
Selma N. C.
Office in Hare & Son's Drag Store.
FLOYD H. PARRISH,
8MITHFIELD, N C.
Fresh Meats, Beef and Ice
Hiohbst Prices Paid for '.Hides
CB^Beef cattle wanted.
DR. H. P. UNDERHILL,
Physician and Surgeon,
KKNLiY, N. C.
Office at Mr. Jesse Kirby's.
John W. FutrelL, Treasurer of Johnstor
County, will be in Smithfield every
Monday and Saturday and Court Weeks
Office in back room of the Bank of Smith
field. In his absence county orders will b<
oaid at the Bank
smith field, n. c.
Transients and Boarders
On Main Business Street.
mrs j.e dickens,
Rand & Stephenson,
We desire to cull the attention of tbe
public of Smithfield and vicinity to tht
fact that we have associated ourselves to
gethcr for the purpose of engaging In ?
Contracting and Building*
We want the work and we think that wt
can mike tt to your Interest to have ut
to do yours Estimates promply fur
nlshcd on all kinds wood or brick work.
Call on or address
wTstfph'nion.\ R?nd * Stephenson.
hmithfikld. n. c .
The IlEitALnand Home& Farm
one year for ?1.25.
SMITHFIELD, N. C.
Next Session Opens Sept, 3rd,
FATHERS AND MOTHERS WANTTHEIR
And all the readers of The Herald Know that
Gives the beet opportunity for training and cultivation and devel
opment of any school in this section of the State.
Write for catalogue,
IRA T. TURLINGTON, Supt,
Horner Military School,
OXFORD, N. C.
Securing perfect ventilation, sixteen new rooms for two boys each to be
added for the fail term. Engagements should be made early. Annual
attendance up to the full capacity and many turned away each session for
lack of room. Best athletic field with quarter mile track in the South.
Faculty of specialists with special work. Curriculum preparatory to the
best College or University eelucation. An atmosphere of high ideals sur
rounds the school, as students not preparing for higher education are
Fall term begins September 8.
J. C. HORNER.
Situated in the glowing town of Keniy. Johnston county, on the Atlantic
Coast Line ten miles Irom Selma and fifteen miles from Wilson Noted
for healthfulness, cheapness, and sound, practical instruction.
Elegant new buildings, Literary Societies, Library and Reading Room,
The Kenlt Student (a semi annual school journal for which students do
composing), four denominations, three church buildings, perennial Sunday
Schools, weekly prayer meetings, double daily mall, express and passenger
service, telephone and telegraph connections with all parts of tfce Union,
Athletic Association, Calisthenics, School Octette and Band, etc , etc.
COURSES?Collegiate, Normal (tree), Business and Music.
Tuiti'on, $1 to $3; Board, $5 to $7,50,
DORMITORIES and boarding houses for young ladies and
young men under control and management of the principal.
LARGE AND INCREASING PATRONAGE.
150 students, representing 13 counties, 2 States and 7 denominations. Stu
dious habits and strict attention required; thorough drill and continuous
practice is exacted; complete satisfaction and healthy progress guaranteed.
Faculty of ei. ht graduates of best colleges, conservatories, business uni
versities and high schools.
SIX SCHOLARSHIPS to Keniy Academy and others to the vatious higher
educational Institutions of the State. Four medals given. For further
information or catalogue, address
W. A. HARPER, A. B., Principal,
KENLY, N. C.
* IN ANOTHER STORE. I
* ? (
We have moved to the corner store, Alford Jb Thomas' W
W old stand, to get a larger house for our stock. We shall jj|
yj continue to deal in jyi
| Dry Goods, Notions, Shoes,?
V* GLASSWARE, MEDICINES AND GROCERIES. *
Thanking you for the liberal patronage given us, we
jjj ask your trade in future.
jjj Turley & Stallings, J
* CLAYTON, N. C. jj
g July 20-am. J
7V\R, S, KLAWANSKY,
The Kenly Bargain House,
Left last week for Baltimore and New York, where he will spend much
time and care in selecting his fall stock of
Clothing, Drij Goods, Shoes, Etc.
HE WILL PURCHASE SUFFICIENT QUANTITY AND WILL OPEN
ANOTHER STORE IN KENLY WHICH WILL INCLUDE A NICE
UP.TO.DATE FURNITURE, &c.
He will have a large stock, and be better prepared to serve his customers
than he was before. Y'ou have a hearty invitation to come in and see for
yourself when at Kenly.
Returning most sincere thanks for former patronage, he oordlallj invites
a continuation of the same, promising to please all who may call.
FIRST-CLASS JOB PRINTING
The Herald Offlee, Smithfield, IN. C.
MAIL ORDERS RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION.