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MOSQUITOES AND MALARIA
PART PLAYED BY THESE PEST!
IN SPREADING MALARIAL FE
Result Ol Recent Scientific Investi
gations as to tbe Cause ot Mala
ria Poison?Traced to the
Sting of a Certain Variety
ot Mosquito?How They
Breed and the Pre
ary to Their
The most prevalen disease in
North Carolina, certainly from
now until frost, is malarial fever
in one form or another. It is by
no means confined to the low ly
ing Eastern section of the State,
but is quite abundant in many
localities in the hill country,
having been reported even from
Ity recent scientific investiga
tions the cause of the fever has
been shown to be a microscopic
animal known as the Plasmodium
m ilari ii' or hem-auuebe vivux,
which feeds upon the red cor
puscles of the blood?hence the
pallor of persons suffering from
chronic malaria. The develop
ment of this little parasite in the
blood is as follows: One of the
spores, or baby germs, so to
speak, enters a red corpuscle and,
fetding 011 its contents, grows
until at the end of twenty-four
hours it has become nearly as
large as the corpuscle. It then,
by a process known as segmen
tation, splits up into a dozen or
more little spores again, which
for a short time are free in the
blood and unattached to the
corpuscles. It is just as the seg
mentation occurs that the chill
conies on, which explains the
periodic recurrence of the chill
every twenty-four hours, and
us it has been found that quinine
is most effective in killing the
germs while they are free in *the
blood and not buried in the sub
stance of the corpuscles, the best
time to give quinine is just before
the chill is expected.
mi. 1.1 1 r ii. .? i ??
i ne iueiiiuu in i lie inrrouuc
tion of the malarial poison, the
Plasmodium, certainly the chief
method, has been demonstrated
beyond all question to lie the
sting of a certain variety of mos
quito known as anopheles, the
common mosquito, which while
more abundant is innocent as a
carrier of disease, being known
as culex. The latter species will
breed in still water of any kind,
no matter how pure, but the for
mer,our enemy, will only breed
in stagnant pools in which there
is a certain amount of vegetable
matter, especially if there are no|
tisli, such as top minners or sun
perch, which feed upon the larvae
or wiggletails. '1 his explains
the fact that malaria is much
more abundant after freshets, in
the course of which the stream,
getting out of its banks, washes
holes in the ground, and speedily
falling leaves these stagnant
pools with few or no fish in them.
Alosquitos are very much more
abundant this exceptional year
of freshets than usual. It also
explains the danger of brick
The larva', or wiggletails, as
we generally cull them, are the
young mosquitos. Although
"they live in the water from the
time they are hatched from the
time they are laid on the surface
until they reach maturity they
cannot live without air?they
must breathe. Contrary to the
general rule, they breathe "wrong
end forinost"?through a long
breathing tube which springs
from the body near the tail and
which they stick out of the top
of the water when they want air.
The bearing of this arrangement
on their destruction will apjiear
There is a popular misappre
hension in regard to the move
ment of mosquitoes. The general
impression is that they are car
ried by the wind, and people at
the seaside say that aland breeze
brings mosquitoes. It is a fact
that they are more abundant
when the breeze is from the land
or in a calm, but according to
those who know best that fact
probabjy is not tnat the^ are
olown from the swamps to land- '
ward, but that they simply come
out again from the trees and
shrubbery and the lea side of
houses where they had taken
refuge from the strong sea breeze 1
which was too rough for their 1
fragile bodies. With rare excep
tions they travel, it is said, sel- 1
dom more than a mile, andgener- 1
ally not so far. When one is
troubled with mosquitoes a care
ful search will almost always '
reveal stagnant water in the near :
The destruction of mosquitoes <
ami the consequent prevention
of malaria in accoifiplished in
two ways: First and l**st, by
* the thorough drainage of all
stagnant pools of water, and
second, by keeping the surface of
such pools covered with petro
leum, what is known as light fuel
oil, or even the crude petroleum
being better and cheaper than
ordinary kerosene, The film of
oil prevents the larva* from
breathing and smothers them.
The quantity nectssafy is one
ounce or two tablespoonfuls to
every fifteen square feet of surface,
repeated every two weeks. This
oil method was employed with
great success last year by the
city of Winchester, Va., and our
shown a most commendable
spirit of enterprise in adopting it.
Some care and a little expense in
securing protection against mos
quitoes and in providing a sup
ply of pure drinking water will
practically insure against
To those interested in this sub
ject, I cordially commend a very
interesting and valuable book
written 011 mosquitoes written in
popular and entertaining style
by Dr. L. 0. Howard, the Chief
Entomologist of the 1'nited
States, and published by Met 'lure,
Phillips & Co., New York, at a
i cost of Jjfe 1 .04, post paid.
HIGH A Kl> H, LEWIS, M. I
Secretary State Board of Health.
Astounded the Editor.
Editor S. A. Brown, of Ben
nettsville, S. C.f was once im
mensely surprised. '"Through
long suffering from Dyspepsia,"
he writes, "my wife was greatlv
run down. She had no strength
or vigor and suffered great dis
tress from her stomach, but she
tried Electric Bitters which helped
tier at once, and, after using four
bottles, she is entirely well, can
eat anything. It's a grand tonic,
and its gentle laxative qualities
are splendid for torpid liver." j
For Indigestion, Iaiss of Appe
tite, Stomach and Liver troubles
it's a positive guaranteed cure.
Only 50c at Hood Bros.
Train Struck a Tou^h Bull.
Elizabeth, X. J., Aug. 25?'The
locomotive of an eastbound train
on the Long Branch road ran
j into a bull owned by James
Brady, a farmer of Railway ave
nue this afternoon, hurling the
beast high in the air. In coming
down the bull struck a cow graz
ing near the track, knocking her
on the rails. She was killed by
the locomotive, which hit the
bull again, flinging him into a
ditch, where he lay some time.
Finall.y lie got up.'and. with a
roar.^seampered off and began
| fo graze as if nothing had hap-1
Ipned. The series of impacts'
jarred the locomotive, but it
kept the track. The flagman at
Castaret stopped apassingtroin,
the crew of which pushed the
mangled carcass of the cow off
the track. The accident delayed
travel half an hour. Brady will
sue for the value of the cow.
Mrs. S. H. Allport, Johnstown,
Pa., says: "Our little girl almost
strangled to death with croup.
The doctors said sheeouldti't live
but she was instantly relieved by
One Minute Cough Cure. Hare &
Son. Hood Bros., J. R. Ledbetter.
An obedient husband up in
Franklin county, Me., was ob
jecting to do certain work about
the house, and he quoted scrip
ture to his wife showing that the
household duties should properly
be assigned to the woman. The
good wife replied by reading to
her astonished liege 11 Kings
xxi: 13, "1 will wipe out Jerusa
lem as a man wipeth a dish,
wiping it and turning it upside
down." That husband has wiped
the dishes ever since.
Stops the Cough and Works off the told |
Laxative Bromo-Qumine Tab- :
lets cure a cold in one day. Xo
Cure, no Pay. Price 25 cents
By the collapse of a burning 1
oil tank Wednesday at the Atlan- i
tic refining company's plant at 1
Point Breeze. Philadelphia, where 1
a tire has been raging since i
Monday afternoon, about 100
persons, firemen, employes of the
company and spectators, were
more or less severely burned. It
is difficult to secure an accurate 1
idea of the loss. President 1
Lloyd of the Atlantic refining 1
company said that even the offb
cials of the company did not
know how many tanks had lieen !
destroyed. He estimates the loss i
at |3(k>,000 or ?400,000. :
Efforts, to be permanently use- t
ful, must Is* uniformly joyous, a
<pirit of all sunshine, grateful
from very gladness', beautiful lie- I
cause bright.?Farlyle. a
AKOUNl) SANDERS CHAPEL.
Miss (lussie Smith is spsnding
ttii<4 nwk with her brother, Mr.
W. A. Smith.
Mr. Ilarrv I*. Stevens,of (lolds
boro, siient Saturday and Sun
day with Mr. Thomas .). Holt.
Master Han Howell and .Mas
ter Heverley Whitley left for
Sampson county Saturday, where
they will spend some time with
'Tncle" John Smith, who has
been (jiiitesick, is much improved.
Mr. S. Howell returned from
Wrightsville last Saturday.
Messrs. W. C. Smith and J. C.
Whitley returned from Clinton
Sunday accompanied by Miss
Annie Martin, of Faison.
Miss Nona Howell is at home
again, much to the delight of her
Iiev. K. H. Holmes delivered an
interesting sermon at Sanders
Chapel last Sunday, but did not
begin a series of meetings, as Was
expected. He thinks it will be
better a month later, when the
farmers will have finished pulling
To save Her Child
From frightful disfigurement
Mrs. Xanme Colleger, of Ea
(irange, (la., applied Bucklen's
Arnica Salve to great sores on
her head and face, and writes its
quick cure exceeded all her hopes.
It works wonders in Sores, Bruis
es, Skin Fruptions, Cuts, Burns,
Scalds and Hiles. 25c. Cure guar
anteed by Hood Bros., druggists.
A Merry Picnic.
Many thanks are due Mr. and
Mrs. Edwards for the nice picnic
and good time which they pre
pared for the young people at
I'oplar Springs last Saturday,
about one and a half miles from
The guests were, Mr. C. T.
Woodard and Miss Nannie Wood
ard, Mr. John Blacktnan and
Miss Ida Fitzgerald, Mr. Jon
Roe .and Miss Delia.Edwards.
There were many others that:
enjoyed the nice picnic. After j
the delicious dinner was served :
the merry party returned to Mr.
Edwards' to enjoy a few hours
with cold drinks, etc. Then the
party returned home thinking of i
the jov of the day.
? f- J
James White Bryantsville, Ind.,
savs De Witt's Witch Hazel Salve
healed running sores on both
legs. He had suffered (5 years.
Hoc tors failed to help him. (Jet
DeWitt's. Accept no imitations.
Hood Bros., Hare A Son, J. R. i
? Diamandi, a native of I'vlaros.
one of the (ireek island?, is a
remarkable calculator. After a
mere glance at a blackboard on
which BO groups of figures are
written, he can repeat them in
any order and deal with them by
any arithmetical process. It is
said that he never makes an er
ror in calculation involving mil
lions, and he can extract square |
or cube roots with marvelous I
rapidity and accuracy. Diamandi
writes poetry and novels in the
intervals of business, and shows
considerable intellectual capa
If the action of your bowels is
not easy and regular serious com
plications must be the final re
sult. DeWitt's Little Early Ri
sers will remove this danger.
Safe, pleasant and effective. J. R.
I>edbetter, Hare A Son, Hood '
The trees now growing on the
New Hampshire farm where Dan
iel Webster was born are to be
cut up into match sticks, amanu
Facturing company having paid
|2,800 for the standing timlier
upon it. The legislature of New
Hampshire refused at its late
session to nav $3,000 for the en
tire farm, though many patriotic
citizens of the state petitioned
to have it preserved as a rierpe
fcual memorial of New Hamp
shire's greatest sou.
To Cure a cold In one Day
Take Laxative Bromo Quinine
Tablets All druggists refund
the money if it fails to cure. E.
\\. Grove's signature on each
The Herald and the National
Uagazin ?, of Boston, both one
tear for $1.50 in advance. The
National is one of the best Id \
?eat magazines published. Reg- t
liar price is $1.00 per year.
TO MAGISTRATES:?The (
I EH \ld office is the place to buy i
rour blanks of all kinds.
Out of Slitht.
It whs .u trifle uncomfortable for
Joues. but then be saved car fare.?
New York Evening Journal.
? lie FanrlrO n Sprint.
Jailer?The rules of this prison allow
a day's recreation every year to prison
ers, and it's your turn tomorrow.
Convict?All riKht, boss. If you don't
mind, I'd like a nice cross country run
Cruelly to Animals.
First Scientist? I hear that your dog
went mad and bit Professor Snagroots
Any serious results?
Second Scientist?Yes. the poor dog is
barking in Latin and Greek!?Chicago
anvtliing you want? Most people can
nct. When you can't, its called "indi
gestion," which develops "dyspepsia"
?the agonizing terror of the age.
positively cures all forms of indigestion
and dyspepsia. "Take ft, eat what you
want and be happy."
CURED BY ONE BOTTLE.
"I suffered for several months with indigestion
and could scarcely eat anything without intense
suffering afterwards. I found no relief until
"Coleman's Guarantee" was recommended. I
bought one bottle, and took it as directed, and
from the very first found relief, and by the time
I had taken the first bottle was not only feeling
better, but was entirely cured."
V. W. JEFFERSON. Danville. Va.
PRICE 50c. A BOTTLE.
Sold by all Druggists.
*S~Take no substitute.
COLEMAN REMEDY CO., Dinville. Va., U. S. A.
For Sale by Hood Brothers.
NEW YORK WORLD,
Time h?R demonstrated that the
Thrice a-WeekWorld stands aione in
its class. Other papers have imitated
its form but not Its success. This Is
because it telis ail the news all the
time and tells it impartially, whethet
that news be political or otherwise.
It is in fact, (
Almost a Daily at the
Price of a Weekly
and you cannot afford to bo without
it. In addition to news, it publishes .
FIKST CLASS SERIAL STORIES
and otber features suited to the home
and firtside. The Thrice a Week
World's regular su' scriptlon pr'ce Is
fl per year and this pays for 156 pa- '
pers. We offer this unequalled news 1
paper and ,
THE HERALD TOGETHER I
ONE TEAR FOR #1 65. <
The regular subscription price of f
the two papers is two dollars. f
l'orgood accommodation.good i
veights and fair dealings, go to t
he Riverside Warehouse s
I have a full supply of Lime, \
"ement, Plaster Paris and hair
n stock, also brick.
?V. M. Sanders. i
NOW JY READY.
A MODERN FOUNDRY AND
MACHINE WORKING PLANT IN DUNN.
Metal Working in all its Branches.
Ten thousand feet of floor space, crammed with brand new ant}
ponderous machinery direct from the manufacturers.
WE ARE AGENTS FOR
Of all Styles from
4 to 600 horse po wee
Saw Mills, Etc.
Catalogue and Prices.
All Kinds|Steam Fittings.
Constantly on Hand.
Freight rates equalized witb
other points. \\ e are in it.
Don't forget us.
The John A. JVIcKay JVH 9 Co.,
dunn. n. c.
A HARDWARE STORE WITH A WELL ASSORTED
STOCK OF HARDWARE, CONSISTING OF
Stoves, Ready Mixed Paints, Oils, Lead, Runs,
PISTOLS, AMMUNITION. TINWARE,
GLOBE CULTIVATORS, WAGON MATERIAL. NAILS and HORSE SHOES,.
. POCKET and TABLE CUTLERY. FIRST QUALITY BELTING,
SASH, DOORS, BLINDS, LAMPS, Extra neavy Team Collars, etc.
Devoe's Old Reliable Paints and Colors in Oil. Every Gallon
Guaranteed. Also Sherin Williams' Paint.
Osborne /Wowe-rs and Reapers for Sale .
14-FINGER GRAIN CRADLES.
nnalt'C FAAJI Wire Poultry and Fish Netting,
r I Ull O I "v(l? Wire Screen Doors and Windows.
Acme Powder Guns for Tobacco.
Clayton Hardware Company,
C. W. CARTER, Owner and Proprietor,
Dio-tf. CLAYTON, N. C.
Here is the Place
To Save Money.
IF YOU WANT TO
SAVE MONEY GO TO
R. I. Lassiter,
SPILONA, N. C.,
to buy your goods. lie has
a big stock and sells cheaper
than any one we know of.
All who owe him for fertilizers
can settle with Will H. Las
siter, at the Riverside Ware
house, Smithfield, N. C.
Smith's JV Bakery.
At Smith's Bakery you will find
Loaf Bread, Rolls,
Cakes and Pies.
Also Fruits, Confectioneries,
Canned Goods and
My br< ad is handled by J. W.
l.iles, Selma; R. E. Creech, Four
daks; J. W. Canaday, Benson,
i'our patroage asked.
W. G. SMITH,
115?lm. Smithfield, N. C.
rA^L'ABLE FARM FOR SALE.
1 have for sale a valuable farm
}f .142 acres three miles south
vest of Smithfleld. 11'ell timbered
vitli four-horse crop cleared.
Suitable to raise cotton, tobacco
>r any other crops grown in this
lection of country. Houses and
?verything in good condition. It
s an extra fine place for stock
?aising. Could be made in three
racts if buyer so desires. Will
tell nart cash and balance on
foou time. Call to see me or
vrite to me.
Smithfield, N. C.
Vug. 1? 2m.
I want to remind yout
that I carry a full line of
Dry Goods, Shoes,
And will sell cheap for
cash. . v .v ^
Country Produce bought for
cash or barter. Don't forget me
when you come to town.
J. W. CANADAY,
July 24-3<n BENSON, N. C. '
The New Number 8
FOB SALE BY
J. M. BEATY,
8MITIIFIELD, N. C.
WHITE'S BLACK LINIMENT.
2ac. BOTTLES HEDtrfED TO 15c.
"I have used White's Itlack
Liniment and his other horse*
medicines with creat success and
found them to lie as represented.
"W. L. roLun,
"Smithtield, X. C.,r
For sale by Allen Lee,
Smithtield, N. (j. Druggist.
The Herald and Home and
Farm one year, $1.25.