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VOL. 20. SMITHFIELD, N. C., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1901. NO. 41.
DEWEY FOR SCHLEY.
Benhara and Ramsay, in Ma
jority Report, Condemn
Him on 11 Points.
WORDS OF PRAISE FROM THE
Dewey Says Schley was Senior Offi
cer oil Santiago and Entitled to
the Credit tor the Victory
No Further Action Re
commended by the
Washington, Doc. 13.? Blame
and praise. This is the verdict
of the Schley Court of Inquiry
handed in to-night.
It is more blame than praise,
because while Admiral Dewey,
president, of the couri, gives him
all the credit and glory for the
destruction of Cervera's tieet as
senior in command at the battle,
and the court finds that his con
duct was that of a man of cour
age in the action, the unanimous
finding is made that Schley's con
duct in the Santiago campaign
prior to his supersession by Rear
Admiral Sampson was "charac
terized by vacillation, dilatori
ness and lack of enterprise."
The investigation, unique in
naval annals and of great his
toric importance, was intended
to end a controversy which has
not only disrupted the navy, hut
which has rent theentirecouutry.
Instead, further bitterness has
nrnhrtltlv Pm fltu onn.
troversy, for while Admiralj
Dewey gives it as his personal
and individual opinion that to
Rear-Admiral Schley belongs the
credit of the victory at Santiago,
Rear-Admirals Bennamand Ram
sey, the two junior members of
the court, decline to append their
signatures to such an expression.
In his opinion Admiral Dewey
agrees with that, of the majority
of tiie peopleof the United Stages;
in their views. Rear-Admirals
Benham and Ramsay voice the
belief of some officers of the navy.
Furthermore, Admiral Dewey
differs from his colleagues in the
blockade maintained by Rear
Admiral Schley atC'.enfuegosand
Santiago, which he, contrary to
their view, finds waseffective. He
also holds in opposition to their
. opinion that the FlyingSquadrou
proceeded with all dispatch from
Cienfuegos to Santiago, and that
Commodore Schley in permitting
the steamer Adula to enter the;
harbor expected to get informa
tion from ner when she came out.
The Court unites in commend
ing Schley's bravery in battle.
For three months the investi-;
gat ion has been 111 progress, anil
for more than a month the court
has been patiently rearranging (
the evidence, fiistributingitunder
the specification to which it re
lated. This in itself was a vast
work, requiring a great deal of
Rear-Admiral scrhley believes lie
has received a, vindication; offi
cers of the navy, who have vio
lently att acked him, say that the
verdict, of the court, instead of
being an acquittnl. sustains the 1
charge of Hear-Admiral Sampson
that his conduct was reprehensi
Die prior to the battle with Cer- '
vera's fh-et, and Secretary Long's
statement to the Senate that I
while Schley did his duty in the [
battle of Santiago as the com- ,
mander-in-chief of the Flying ,
Squadron, lie lacked push, judg- (
ment and steadiness of purpose.
But Rear-Admiral Schley bases- (
tablished by the opinion of Ad- ,
miral Dewey that he was the hero ,
of the battle of Sant iago, and in
this he has confounded Rear
Admiral Sampson, who attempt
ed to claim the credit for the vic
FINDINGS OF BKNI1AM AND RAMSAY
Commodore Schlev, in com- 1
maud of FlyingSquadron, should 1
have proceeded wi h utmost dis- (
Eatch off Cienfuegos and should 1
ave maintained a close blockade *
of that port.
He should have endeavored on
May 23 at Cienfuegos to obtain
information regarding the Span- ?
ish squadron by communicating
with the insurgents at the place
designated in the memorandum
delivered to him at 8:15 a. m. of
He should have proceeded from
Cienfuegos to Santiago de Cuba
with all dispatch and should have
disposed his vessels with a view
of intercepting the enemy in any
attempt to pass the Flying
He should not have delayed the
squadron for the Eagle.
He should not have made the
retrograde turn westward with
He should have promptly
obeyed the Navy Department's
order of May 25.
He should have endeavored to
capture or destroy the Spanish
vessels at anchor near the en
trance of Santiago harbor on
May 39 and 80.
He did not do his utmost with
the force under his command to
capture of destroy the Colon and
other vessels of the enemy which
he attacked on May 31.
My commencing the engage
ment on July 3 with the port
battery and turning the Brook
lyn around with port helm Com
modore Schley caused her to lose
distance and position with the
Spanish vessels, especially with
the Vizcaya and Colon.
The turn of the Brooklyn to
starboard was made to avoid
getting her into dangerous prox
imity to the Spanish vessels. The
turn was made toward the Texas
and caused that vessel to stop
and to back her engines to atoid
Admiral Schley did injustice to
Lieut.-Com. A. C. Hodgson in
publishing only a portion of the
correspondence which passed be
Commodore Schley's conduct
in connection with the events of
the Santiago campaign prior to
June 1, 1898, was characterized
by vacillation, dilatoriness and
lack of enterprise.
His official reports regarding
the coal supply and the coaling
facilities of the Flying Squadron
were inaccurate and misleading.
His conduct during the battle
of July 3 was self-possessed, and !
he encouraged, in his own person,
his subordinate officers and men
to fight courageously.
Admiral U. S. Navy, President.
Samuel C. Lemly,
Judge- Idvocate-General IT. S.
Navy, Judge Advocate.
admiral dewey's opinion.
In the opinion of the under
signed the passage from Key
West to Cientuegos was made by
the Flying Squadron with all pos
sible dispatch,Commodore Scliley
having in view the importance of
arriving off Cienfuegos with as
much coal as possible in the ships'
Hie blockadeof Cienfuegos was
Commodore Schhy in permit
ting the steamer Adula to enter
the port of Cienfuegos expected
to obtain information concerning
the Spanish squadron from her
when she came out.
I lit1 passage from ( lenluegosto
a point about 22 miles south of
Santiago was made with as much
dispatch as was possible, while
keeping the squadron a unit.
The blockade of Santiago was
Commodore Schley was the
senior officer of our squadron off
Santiago when the Spanish
squadron attempted toescapeon
the morning of July 3, 1898. He
was in absolute command and is
entitled to the credit due to such
commanding officer for the glori
:jus victory which resulted in the
total destruction of the Spanish
ships. George Dewey,
Admiral U. S. N.
Sam C. Lemly,
Judge-Advocate-General 1". S. N.,
In view of the length of time
which has elapsed since theoccur
renceof the events of the Santiago
campaign, t.heCourt recommends
to further proceedings be had in
Admiral U. S. N., President.
Sam C. Lemly,
fudge-Advocate-General U. S. N.,
DEMOCRATIC OPPOSITION TO
Isthmian Canal Bills.?Senator Pry
and Ship Subsidy.?The Schley
Decision a Disappointment.
Washington, Dec. 1 <>, 1901.?
The first public example of the
dignified and concerted opposi
tion which will be offered by the
Democratic minority in Congress
was afforded by the dissenting
report of the Democrats of the
House Committee on Ways and
Means, on the Philippine tariff
bill which was presented to House
last Friday. Mr. Richardson
presented the minority report
which denounced the measure as
"another step in the well mal'ked
line of imperialism." The report
goes on to say that. "We oppose
the whole policy of the majority
in dealing with the Philippine
Archipelago. We believe that
instead of the effort they are
making to set up and hold perma
nent colonies, there should long
since have been inaugurated a
policy assuring to the people of
those islands stable government
and their ultimate independence."
The report goes on to demon
strate how thoroughly impracti
cal, even from a commercial
standpoint, is the Republican
policy and submits that in addi
tion to the original &20,00(1,(100
paid to Spain for the islands it
has cost the government the past
year $85,000,000 to maintain
ttie army of occupation, without
taking into account the increased
expense of naval service and the
appalling number of lives which
have been sacrificed. In return
for all this the Unite I States has
received from the islands trade
amounting, during the past year,
to $5,427,706, while foreign na
tions have received Philippine
trade amounting to $48,000,000
during the same period.
The minority report will, of
course, have no effect upon the
course of the majority and the
bill will be discussed during the
next two days and on Wednesday
afternoon will be passed by the
House. Mr. Richardson's report
may, however, have the effect of
opening the eyes of the public to
the frightful price the country is
paying for the gratification of
Republican imperialistic ambi
The Senate Committee on
Isthmian Canals has reported
Senator Morgan's bill, providing
for the construction of the
Nicaraguau Canal and carrying
an appropriation of $180,000,
000. Tiie House committee on
Interstate and Foreign Commerce
has voter to renort favorably
the Hepburn full providing for
the construction of the same
canal. Chairman Hepburn was
instructed to push the bill for im
diate passage in the House and,
as he will have the assistance of
both parties on the floor of the
House it is probable that it will
come up for discussion immedi
ately after the holiday recess.
oHiiiiwi r i ve imo i unnj uui
with a defense of his ship subsidy
bill. It is more than probable
that in view of his position as
President, of the Senate he will be
able to exert sufficient influence
to carry the measure in that
body, but it is doubtful if even
the combined efforts of Senators
Frye and Hanna can make it go
down with the House. It has
always been the House that has
stood between the people and
this sort of class legislation and
as far back as 1891 that body
defeated a similar attempt on
the part of the Senator from
Maine, to turn into the pockets
of private steamship owners a
generous share of the public
The decision rendered on Fri
day by the Schley Court of In
quiry has resulted in a bitter dis
appointment fora largemajority
of the people of the United St ates.
The selection of Admiral Dewey
as President of the Court lead
the people to believe that Admiral
Schley would receive the fairest
treatment and that a verdict
which would practically exhon
orate him would be rendered.
Some of the more conservative
pointed out that on merely tech
nical grounds the court might be
obliged to tind that the Admiral
had been negligent of certain
duties and no one believed that
Admiral Ilewey would flinch from
criticising his brother officer if he
found grounds for so doing. As
it is, the people have, from the
minority report submitted by
Admiral Dewey, grounds for be
lieving that even from a techni
cal standpoint there was nothing
reprehensible in the Admiral's
conduct and, at the same time,
they have the opinion of the ma
jority of the Court that he was
guilty on every count of the
"precept." Needless to say the
friends of the Admiral feel that
Navy Department knew what it
was doing when it select- d the
officers who sat with Admiral
Dewey and that a fair trial has
not \ et been had.
FLOODS IN THE NORTH.
Great Damage Done in New York
Great rain-storms prevailed
over parts of Maryland, Penn
sylvania, New York, New Jersey
and West Virginia last Saturday,
doing considerable damage.
In portions of New York the
extrely warm weather caused the
snows to thaw and swell the
Tlie flood at Cumberland, Md.,
was tbe greatest since 1881).
At Frederick, Mil., the Monoc
acy river was very high. Much
damage was done and many
bridges were swept away.
In Schuylkill county, Fa., the
Hood was the worst known in
25 years. Forty-eight collieries
were flooded and the loss in that
county alone is $1,000,000.
The flood in the Lehigh Valley
was the worst known since 1862.
The Adelaide Silk Mills at Allen
town, Fa., sustained a loss of
York Haven, Fa., recorded the
highest flood since 1893. The
Susquehanna completely covered
the big $3,000,000electric power
plant now being erected there,
causing damage estimated at
At Ithaca the damage is esti
mated at $200,000. The flood
was the most disastrous experi
enced since 1857. The nearby
creeks became raging torrents.
Oneida creek overflowed at
Oneida and the water was from
one to three feet deep on the first
floor of residences. The Ontario
and Western Railroad tracks
were covered for nearly a mile.
At Troy the damagefrom wind
and rain is estimated a t $50,000,
and the electric car service to
Albany has been suspended
Considerable damage has been
done throughout Northern New
York by the extremely high wind
which prevailed for 24- hours,
reaching the velocity of a torna
do. The warm weal her Saturday
sent the snow out of the Adiron
dacks like magic and many
houses on the lower levels are
Tl... .l ..i i* aU li J
iiu* utiiii;ij?t* iium i ut? 110011 111
the the valley of West Canada
creek will reach $50(1,000.
From 75,000 to 100,000 logs
were washed away. Four ex
pensive railroad bridges were de
stroyed. One mill was taken
down stream like a paper box
and two others were badly
The overflow of < fnond ago creek
did about $150,000 damage in
In Binghamton the rainstorm
sent the Chenango river over its
banks and caused a flood which
has not been equaled for 22 years.
More than $100,000 damage
was done between Scudders Falls
and South Trenton in New Jer
sey by the sudden rising of the
Many business establishments
and dwellings on the river banks
have been badly damaged.
At Belvidere, N. J., the Dela
ware reached the highest point
in 40 years.
The Riverside Knitting Mills
at Tarboro were burned Thurs
day morning. The loss is esti
mated at $50,000 with $33,000
Short Items ot Interest Clipped and
Culled From Our State
There have boon established 210
rural libraries in thisState under
the Rural Library Act. Fifty
one counties out of the 07 have
secured libraries. Four libraries
are in colored schools, three in
Pasquotank and one in Orange.
At Asheboro last week the jury
awarded #12,000damages in ttie
case of the Asheboro Wood and
Iron Works against the Southern
Railway. This was about half
the amount used for. The South
ern gave notice of appeal.
(Jov. Aycock respites, for the
third time. Drew Vaughan. under
sentencetobe hanged at Winton,
Hertford county. The case is a
very close one. The governor
desires vet further time to con
sider it. The respite is until
The State has chartered the
Elizabeth City Railway and
Power company, capital $20,
000. with leave to increase to
$125,000. The company is to
operate an i lectric railway in
Elizabeth City and in Pasquo
tank, Camden and Currituc.
iiovernor Aycock has made n
commutation of the sentence of
Alexander Cox, who, in the fall
of 181)9, was sentenced in Surry
county for manslaughter to a
term of five years. The Gover
nor commutes his sentence so
that it will expire on January
Wiley Hush, Solicitor of the
Tenth Judicial District, died at
his home in Asheboro, Sunday
morning, after an illness of two
days. Mr. Rush was well known
in the State, having served with
ability as Secretary of the State
Democratic Executive Committee
from 189+ to 1890.
James Wilcox has issued a
statement, in reply to the charge
made against him by the father
of Nellie Cropsey, the missing girl.
Wilcox says the father is unjust,
that he knows nothing of her
; disappearance. He says that
the last he saw of her she was
standing on the porch leaning
against the post with her head
on her arm.
Lieutenant Bradley J. Wooten
died at Havana, Cuba, Sunday
morningof appendicitis. Hewas
a, graduate of the A. & M. Col
lege. In 1898 he volunteered in
the second North Carolina Regi
ment. Later he was sent to the
Philippines and saw service being
in charge of General Kobbe's
mounted scouts. More recently
lie was appointed a Lieutenant
in the regular army and was
assigned to the Seventh Regi
ment, "Custer's own."
l.nsr r riuay mgnt at Anerdpen
in Moore county, J. A. Randall
mistook his wife for a burglar
and shot her through the
stomach, mortally wounding her
Mrs. Randall went to her hus
band's bed and told him that a
burglar was crawling in at the
window. Mr. Randall we t to
the closet to get his gun, telling
his wife to remain at the bed.
Rut she passed quietly out into
the hall to listen. When her hus
band had got his gun he sought
the burglar, and seeing his wife's
form in the hall thought it was
the miscreant and fired, with
Tuesday Governor Aycock hon
j ored a requisition from Governor
Candler, of Georgia, for Dr. Joe
Williams, alias Mackay Durham
who is under arrest in Wilson
charged with horse stealing in
Georgia. He with a young wo
man was held in Wilson two
weeks ago, the woman being sup
j posed to be the missing Nell
Cropsey. When it was found that
she was not Miss Cropsey they
were released A telegram from
Georgia asked the authorities in
Wilson to hold them and as they
had lpft going toward Selnia, the
authorities there were notified
They were arrested in Selma and
| taken back to Wilson, where the
woman was released as there was
no charge against her.
Mrs. Dillie By rum has just died
at her home in Wake county at
the advanced ape of 109 years.
llov. Aycock is billed to speak
011 education at the annual
meeting of the chamber of com
merce in Charlotte on the 14th
The colored Methodist church
at Mt. Airy was burned last week.
It was of brick and the |loss is
estimated at $6,000, with $2,
Durham is making great pub
lic improvements. The bond
issue of $.'$00,000 is being used
for improvements on streets,
sewers, school buildings and
market, and the work is being
Dr. Baskerville, at the State
University, has received a grant
of $.'$00 from the National Acad
emy of Science to aid him in his
researches on the new element
which he thinks he has discovered
The forthcoming report of Mr.
II. 1$. Yarner, Commissioner of
Labor and Printing, will show
that there are 315 newspapers
and periodicals published in
North Carolina with a total cir
culation of 605,985.
Un Heeember 2.r>th Mr. J. A.
Crews, The Messenger traveling
representative, expects to start
on a tour of the West Indies,
lie will go as correspondent of
The Messenger, and its many
readers will have the benefit of
reading letters from him descript
ive of those southern islands and
the many things of interest he
hopes to see. besides short
stops at Charleston, Jackson
ville, Tampa and Key West, Mr.
Crews expects to visit Havana,
San Juan, Nassau and many
other cities before returning.
A Partial List of the Week's Hap
penings Throughout he
The senior class at Harvard
University, has chosen It. C.
Bruce, a negro of Indianapolis,
as class day orator.
Sign or M arcon i an no u nces that
he has accomplished the wonder
ful feat of receiving electric sig
nals without wires across the
In the disposing of the estate
of Cornelius Roosevelt, an eccen
tric uncle of President Roosevelt,
the President will receive a for
tune of $100,000.
Fifty editors, representing
South Carolina newspapers,
visited the Charleston exposition
Thursday, and were received
with all t he honors.
Rev. J. Sidney Peters, of J lamp
ton, Va., celebrated a peculiar
marriage Saturday, uniting John
(lilbert Insley to his mother-in
law, Mrs. Martha Newton.
United States Senator Chaun
cey M- Pepew, of New York,
sailed for Rurope last Saturday
to wed Mir?s May Palmer at Nice,
France, on December 27th.
Tuesday Admiral Sampson's
counsel asked for permission t??
file with Secretary Long excep
tions to Dewey's dissenting re
port. He will receive any papers
they wish to submit.
Sunday was the coldest day
Chicago has experienced in 30
years, the thermometer st." ? " g
at 12 below zero. All through
the West and Northwest the
floods and the cold have dene
Admiral Schley has received a
number of offers to go on the
lecture platform. One pronosi
tion was a fixed price of $">00 a
night for lectures to last 4()
nights. Admiral Shley politely
declined this and all other offers.
Tuesday several resolutions on
the Schley case were introduced
in the house of representatives?
endorsing Dewey's finding, pro
viding for Schley to be put back
on the active list on hill pay, and
raising his pay as a retired officer
to the same as when on active
duty; also one to investigate the