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The Change !r?
R'Kll Righ'.s tKe People Co^Mud and
Wh&> They Will Now Receive.
Downfall of Pcbrdonostzcff,
'.he Foe of kelorm.
?jr S the czar'a proclamation to the
r' peopl > of Uussla grunting a con
I stltut onal regime, freeilom of
eoUHelence, liberty of speech and,
of person ami other reforms he virtual
ly declared that he was no longer an
uhsol.lte monarch, lie has made high
founding proclamations couched in fair
words before, but has never until now
yielded to the contention that he should
surrender his claims as an autocratic
ruler. In the recent prouuuclamento he
directed Ills government, of which
Count Witte is now the head, to "es
tablish as an unchangeable rule that no
law shall he enforceable without the
approval of the state douma and that It
shall be [sisslble for the elected repre
sentatives of the people to exercise real
participation in the supervision of the
legality of the acts of the authorities
appointed by us."
In this clause one linds the kernel of
the whole subject. In former decrees
the Russian emperor carefully guard
ed against promising Ills subjects real
participation in their government and
reserved to himself sovereign power,
giving only advisory powers to repre
sentatives of the people.
Under the regime existing until a
short time ago the emperor was an ab
solute ruler, huving entire control of
the legislative, executive anil judicial
functions of government and Irre
sponsible for their exercise. Since the
time of Peter I. the czar has been head
of the church. The administration of
the empire has for many years been
conducted under the control of the em
peror's private cabinet by four great
councils. The first of these bodies Is
the council of the empire, established
In 1810 by Alexander I., a purely con
sultative body consisting of a presi
dent and over eighty members. An
other council Is the senate, which la
CONS1ANTIKE POBEIM>NOSTZ EF F.
not a legislative assembly, but the high
court of justice of the empire, con
trolling all the legal tribunals. Next
comes the holy synod, established by
Peter I. in 1721 aud having jurisdic
tion over religious affairs. The fourth
administrative laxly Is the council of
ministers. Below these councils there
are numerous administrative Institu
tions, but as all have been subject to
the dictates of the emperor or his im
mediate subordinates the whole sys
tem will be subject to change in the
new plan of constitutional government.
One of the most important events
connected with the Russian crisis Is
the resignation of Constantino I'obedo
nostzeff, procurator general of the holy
synod. This body is composed of sev
eral bishops and archbishops, but the
procurator general, though a lav func
tionary, has been accustomed, especial
ly since the time of Fobcdonostzeff, to
exercise more power than all the
olor.rv i.nt to.ratkas 'Pko Diioat.l >. fie
l"?l I . ill** IIU.^KUI VI
thodox church Is a branch of the an
cient (ireek church, and the holy synod
Is a comparatively modern Institution
which lias usurped powers formerly
exercised by the bishops. It has often
been used hy the mouurchs to carry
out unworthy ends, thus bringing soun
dal on tlie church. There is a move
ment for reform within the Russian
church, and one of its objects is to
curb the powers of the procurator gen
eral and restore to the bishops their
former prerogatives. This, it is hoped,
may prepare the v,ay for the removal
of the obstacles which have prevented
t the Russian church from keeping stop
with progress in the world in general.
One of the leaders of the movement Is
Antonius, metropolitan of St. Peters
burg, a vigorous opponent of the for
mer procurator general. I'obedonost
zefT is one of the best hated men in
Russia, for he has been one of the
stoutest upholders of autocratic claims
and a foe to ull progress, civil and re
ligions. When the czar Issued a pro
ounciamento declaring religions free
dom som" months ago, by virtue of
which la . sects rejoiced in the pos
session of greater liberties, it was An
toultis and Ills supporters who obtain
ed the reforms from the emperor
against the wishes of the procurator
general, t'nder the provisions of the
new decree It Is believed that all Beets
will enjoy greater freedom.
Under the new regime the emperor's
prlvn'" esblin t will be supplanted by
a cabinet of m'ulstera having relation
totbe Imperial assembly, or dcuma. At
the head of the cabinet will be Its pres
ident, or premier, and It Is this officer
who In the present crisis, in the person
of fount W'tte, will exercise the grsat
est |K>'ver lu the '"d*"
FROM TEACHER TO AUTHOR.
H> m Kelly (.rtidualrd Fruiu
&ly?u KrHf, whose stories of ghetto
life have won bur 11 place among the
popular writers of fiction, did uol
jreuui when she published "Utile Citi
zens" tin book v> ould win Uer u
husband. litdMd, sbo liltle thought
Whcu she became a teacher lu u public
school in New York's en.l side tbut she
would there discover 1 r the literary
world a uew character, would intro
duce the reading public to u uew dia
lect and incidentally ubtain for herself
a niche In the temple of fame. She
found In her Hcbolars, their queer ways
and comical methods of expressing
themselves and lu the home life to
which after a time they introduced
"teacher" a rich mine of literary mate
rial. At tlrst "teacher" entertained her
UYKA KELLY MACNACOHTAN.
friends by telliug them of tlie nmusing
experiences of tlie schoolroom. Then
It occurred to her (but what interested
tier personal acquaintances might in
terest the general public, and It did.
Among those whom "Little Citizens"
interested was a rich and popular
young bachelor, Allan Macnaughtan,
banker, clubman, cotillon leader, etc.
Among hla possessions is a charming
bungalow-like retreat, surrounded by
aliout L1HJ acres of park and farm nnd
garden, near Teaneck, N. J., and known
as Cedar Ridge. To this country place
Mr. Macnaughtan betook himself one
afternoon after a strenuous day in
Wall street and, to divert his mind
from falling stocks, bought a new book
at a news stand. lie did not expect to
lie especially amused, but the children
whom the writer, in the guise of "Miss
Bailey," told about were so entertain
ing that he spent tlie whole evening in
the company of the book and voted its
author, whom he supposed to he a mid
dle aged spinster, very clever.
Not long afterward Mr. Macnaugh
tan give a-dance at his country place,
and among tlie guests was a Miss My
ra Kelly, who chanced to lie staying at
the house of one of his friends. A
chum told him in jest that she was a
granddaughter of the author of "Little
Citizens." It is said that the host eou
gratulntcd the blooming girl of twenty
one on her relationship to so gifted a
woman, whose stories he greatly ad
mired. Blushes, embarrassment and
explanations followed. Acquaintance
ripened Into love, nnd tlie marriage
look place in September. Mr. Mac
naughtan is now kept busy denying
that he is the gentleman in "Little
Citizens" who was always "loving mit
NEW NEZ PERCE CHIEF.
(jillhcrt WIllluiiiM >im tit-lulu Old
Chief .Ionc iiIi'm Hand.
The new chief of the Nez I'erce In
dians and the successor of Chief Jo
seph is Gilbert Williams, who in his
tribal costume presents the appearance
of a warrior of the olden time. In one
respect, however, his appearance dif
fers from that of members of his tribe
at tlio time when they first encounter
ed tin- French. He wears no ring in
OHtXV OILHKKT WILLIAMS.
his num. as his sues tors did. It was
this custom which led the French to
(five tlicm their name, Ner, I'erce,
"Pierced Nose." They are the leuding
tribe of Shahaptinn stock nnd rail
themselves "Shaptln," but were known
as "Chopnunlah" to some of the neigh
boring tril?es. They formerly roamed
over a large section of eastern Wash
luffton and Oregon nnd central Idnho,
and the explorers Fowls and I'lark
Valerie' li l**A
People Kol Satisfied by the Czar'* Re
cent lonuiiiont The Scotland ol
Scandina-. it ? Pledg. Broken
By the Preaent Emperor.
III: revolution in ltussia, which
? ha* wrested from an unwilling
monarch a couatltutiou awl
guarantees of an elective as
sembly. religious liberty and freedom
of the press, lias proved a boon to op
pressed Finland also. It forced the
czur to grant a constitutional regime
to the Finns and summon their uucieut
diet in session. Whether these conces
sions cotue too lute remains to be seen,
however, fur muuy of the Finns think
that this is the time to make a stand
for uothlng less than absolute freedom
from the rule of ltussia, and a move
ment to that end la in progress.
Finland, where the people sing In
their bondage, where they endure and
are not subdued, what lover of man
has not felt his sympathy quickened
at her story? She lias only about two
and a half million people all told, most
ly simple folk farmers and fishers?
yet they have left their impress on the
world, have given men a noble epic,
the "Kalevala,'1 and have contributed
their part to the still nobler epic of
freedom. Finland Is the Scotland of
Scandinavia except that she has long
hud cruel and greedy ltussia for a mas
ter instead of England. In the poetic
and musical native tongue the country
is called "Suoml," the "Land of a
Thousand Lakes." It is a beautiful
and romantic dime, ror It Is washed
by the Baltic with Its innumerable in
lets and bays, its "deep, short seas,"
and on the country's northern bound
aries the summer sun never sets. Yet
the people are tinged by a melancholy,
due both to climate and history. They
are a gentle folk on the surface, but
In their souls the old viking fierceness
is not dead. They love their land.
They are united by tradition and mis
fortune and as one man have opposed
the Itusslflcation of Finland.
The national feeling among the Finns
wus never stronger than at present.
Though the flag has not until now been
allowed to float, the patriots behold in
nature the beloved emblems of their
land. One poet recently expressed it
"Where the white summer cloud
hangs in the blue sky above us. there Is
A TYPICAL FINNISH HOME.
the flag of Finland. Where our snow
crowned hilltops glitter against heav
en, there are our colors. Where a
white sail shimmers upon the azure
waters, there is our streamer."
Finland has well defined traditions
reaching back to the time of the Aryan
migration?in fact, her lunguuge Is
much like that which recent researches
have discovered to liave been the
tongue spoken in Mesopotamia. Talk
about undent lineage! What nation In
Europe has so good a basis for aris
tocracy? Yet the Finns are a very
in the days of Olnf Tryggwasson,
when all of Kussla excepting Novgorod
was in a state closely bordering on sav
agely, Finland was a nation. It was
then in Pomerania, the fruitful land,
and was known as Vendland the Good,
it had national integrity in later days,
but finally became a grand duchy of
Sweden. Then, In 18(ip, ltussiu took it
away from the weak Swedish king.
Hut for ninety years It was practically
free in all but name.
The czar of that day gave the follow
ing pledge to the Finns:
Providence having placed us In posses
sion of the grand duchy of Finland, we
have desired hereby to confirm and r itlfy
the religion and fundamental laws of the
land, as weil as the privileges a: 1 rights
which each class in t: -aid <" a 'n par
ticular and all inhnl ants In general, bs
thslr position high or low. have hitherto
enjoyed according to the constitution.
We promise to maiiuaiu ail these bene
fits and laws firm and ui.ihakable In their
The succeeding czars renewed this
pledge. It remained for the present
emperor, Nicholas II., after having giv
en a similar promise, to break bis word
and seek the subjugation of Finland.
He took from the Finns their army,
making their young men serve under
the colors and brutal officers of Kussla.
He deprived the national at-nate of
power and hauled down the Finnish
flag. Many of the liest citizens of Fin
land have been exiled. Thousands of
these have come to Amerlcn. Finland
petitioned the czar, almost every adult
in the land signing the document, hut
he spumed the petition, even r
an audience to (host wb . _.,>a n.
Tyrannous measures culminated In the
infamous reign of Governor General
KobrikofT. who was finally assassinated
by a Finnish youth. When the consti
tutional regime was recently proclaim
ed, enthusiastic Finns visited the grave
if this youth and paid honors to him
'.j a martyr. I
p r) AoiWil 5tory For
now t::e r/lcjst "cot
<>i?i Tip, the ?*! ? .nut, wag a prac
tical J ;Ucr. lie irts i"u with a funuy
streak in lilrn go; ev here that led hitn
to look on the fminj aide of life and
see a joke in even the most solemn
matters. Moreover, he was forever
playing Jokes upon the other animals.
Now. Tip's great si;:e was not helpful
to his playful lient. for when he tried
to Joke with the smaller animals he
was at times a little rough, and that
used to make them mad. However,
most of them took It all good natured
ly aud laughed with him. It's always
the best way, as you shall see. One
day old man Itahblt was sitting on a
stool combing down his sleeky fur and
sunning himself, when old Tip stole
softly up behind him and suddenly
PULLED TUB STOOL OUT FROM UNDER HIM.
pulled the stool out from under him.
Mr. Rabbit fell all lu a heap on the
floor?not hurt, but very Indignant.
"You're no gentleman," said he an
"He, he, he! Haw, haw, haw!"
"I say you're no gentleman. That's
a low down trick, and I'll get even
"Oh, don't get mad," said the Joker.
"No harm done; I only meant It for a
But Mr. Rabbit went off vowing
Next day Tip was sitting on a tub
when Mr. Rabbit came up and gave it
a tremendous shove. But, alas for re
venge. It seldom pays, for the tub
rolled away, and Tip sat down, bang!
slap! on Mr. Rabbit. "He never smiled
again."?St. Louis Post-Dispatch
has stood the test 25 years.
The old. original OROVE'S Tasteless
Chill Tonic. You know what you are
taking. It Is iron and quinine in a
tasteless form. No cure, no pay. 50c
WRITE TO ME.
if yon need a sewing machine
and expect to buy one any time
soon 1 would be glad for you to
write and let me know it. State
where you live, what kind of
machine you want and how
much you can pay cash on it. I
have the New Home and Domes
tic machines and can send you
one almost any time.
J. M. Bbaty,
Smithfield, N. C.
But few people are entirely free from
indigestion at this season of the year.
Kodol Dyspepsia Cure is not only the
best remedy to use because it digests
what you eat but because it also enables
the digestive apparatus to assimilate
and transform all fo ds into tissue-build
ing blood. Kodol relieves sour stomach,
heart burn, belching, and all forms of
indigestion. J. R. Led better, Hood
Bros, and Benson Dr ug Co.
NEED A ROOF?
I have located in Smithfield
and am prepared to do your tin
roofing. All orders left with
the Cotter-Stevens Co. will be
given prompt attention.
J. H. Brady.
Turner's Almanac for 1906 free
at The Heesald office?Only
condition that you pay up your
subscription to next fall, not
next spring but next fall. Or
will be sold at 10 cents per copy.
Mothers everywhere praise One Min
ute Cough Cure for the sufferings it has
relieved and the lives of their little ones
it has saved. A certain cure for
Coughs Croup and Whooping-Cough.
Makes breathing easv. cuts out phlegm,
and draws out the inflammation. Sold
by Hood Bros., Benson Drug Co. and
J it. Ledbetter.
Strayed off last June, a lage
white cow, horns cut off, mark;
crop and swallow fork each ear.
Suitable reward offered for in
formation leading to her re
C. T. Hill.
Smithfield. N. C.. R. F. D. No. 2.
Come to Ellington Buggy Co.
for horses, buggies wagons, har
ness and you will be trea'ed
'Dorms cash or on time.
Q CURES WHERE ALL ELSE FAILS Ej
M B-st Couch Syrup. Tastes Good, fa
pil Use In time. Sold by druccitte. U
?" * ? I
SPECIAL RATES & TRAIN'S
The Seaboard announce*! ac
!count of the big annual foot-ball
game between the Universities j
I of North Carolina and Virginia,
[at Norfolk Thanksgiving Da^. j
[ November 30th, they will oper
! ate special train from Raleigh, j
Durham. Oxford, Louisburg and J
Henderson, leaving Raleige 7:00
a. ni. Durham at b:50 a. m. Ox
ford 7:25 a. m. Louisburg 7:00
a. m. Henderson 8:00 a. in. ar
! riving Norfolk 11:30 a. m. Re
turning leave Portsmouth 12:00
mid-night. Round trip rate $3.
00, tickets good only oil sjiecial
train. These trains will be com
posed of vestibule, day coaches
and pullman sleeping cars in
both directions, and operated on
fast schedule. Pullman seats
on going trip 75c, berths return
ing $2.00, and two persons can
occupy same. Sleepers will be
open in the Portsmouth station
at 9.00 p. m. and passengers can
remain in same at Raleigh,
Durham and Oxford the next
morning until 9:00 a. m. Sleep
ers for Henderson and Louis
burg will be arranged, provided
there are sufficient number to
v in.* 4 . ??
in aaaiuon to aoovo we will
sell tickets at rate of one fare
plus 25c on November 29th, and
for trains scheduled to arri.ve in
Portsmouth before noon of the
30th, with final limit Dec. 2nd.
Would advise that 'Pullman
space be reserved at once so suf
ficient number of cars can be
ordered to take care of all pas
Grand Stand tickets to the
game will be on sale until Nov.
20th at Raleigh. JDurham, Ox
ford and Henderson Seaboard
For full information see your
Tickets Agent or address,
C. H. Gattis, T. P, A.
Raleigh, N. C.
Nature needs only a Little Early
Riser now and then to keep the bowels
clean, the liver active, and the system
tree from bile, headaches, constipation,
etc. The famous little pills "Early Kis
era" are pleasant in effect and perfect in
action. They never gripe or sicken,
but tone and strengthen the liver and
kidney's. Sold by Hood Bros., J. R.
Ledbetter and Benson Drug Co.
HOUSE AND LOT FOR SALE.
Mr. J. Waylaud Allen's house
and lot formerly owned by Mr.
Robert O. Cotter is for sale. A
good location near the business
part of town. The house has
five rooms. A desirable place.
Speak quick if vou want it.
J. M. Bkaty,
Smithfield. N. C.
PAIR FINE MULES.
The Austin-Stephenson Com
pany have the nicest pair iron
grey mare mules, just from Ten
nesse, ever seen in the county.
They tip the scales at 2001
pounds. Will be sold as low as
they can be bought on any mar
ket in the world. The farmer
who buys them will be the envy
of his neighbors.
The Hekald and Home and |
Farm one year for $1.30.
Hides - Wanted
We want to buy a large lot
of Hides and will pay the
highest market price for
them. We deal in Fancy
Groceries and run a First
Class Market. Heef, Pork
and all kinds of Fresh Meats
for sale. Call to see us.
Ja La QjL a Da
CLAYTON, - North Carolina.
TBI "BOSS" COTTOM PRKSIt
SIMPLEST, STROBOEST. BEST
Tmi Mukhat Cinnimo Sy?tcw
6in>. Fetdtrt. ConddiiMr*. Etc.
GIBBET MACHINFRY CO. 1
ro1**mbl0? S. C. j I
11 in ini ii II ml ? Will ? ii ? iii i
25\ tT W-C&'.r.S OH 8* Ktdl > /
Safe, Quick, Reliable Regulator
Superior to other remedies sold at high prleea.
Cur?? vuaranit-ed. Successfully u>ed by over
?'IIO.UHO \\ oinrn. Price, *2.5 drug
KliiMirby mail. Testimonial* & booklet free.
Dr. LaFrautOi Philadelphia, Pa.
MORTGAGE SALE OK VALUABLE
Byvirtueof the authority contained in a
mortgage dc< d executed to 8. It. Hollowe'i
by Hugh Giibreath on the 18th day of Janu
ary, 189?>. and recorded in the KeffUtrjr of
Johnston county in Book "T" No. tf, page 48
Ac., which said mortgage deed was endorsed
and transferred to L. B. Richardson, the
undersigned. Administrator of 8. K. Hollo
well deceased, will, on Saturday, the 25th day
of November, 1905, at 12 o'clock, m , sell, at
public auction, ior cash, at the Court House
door in the town of Smithtleld. N. C., for the
use and benefit of said L. B. Richardson,
Assignee of Mortgagee, the following de
scribed tract or parcel of land, situate in
Heulah township. Johnston county, and
bounded as follows:
Beginning at a stake. Henry Flowers' cor
ner on the Kust side of the public road lead
ing by his house and about two hundred
(800) yards from the road, and runs thence
with Flowers' line N 18J4 K. 68 poles to a pine
?tump: thence N. 85# W.231 poles to a stake
in Exum Holland's line; thence 8. 4J% W. 94
poles to a stake; thence 8. 86 E. 116 poles to a
stake, said Flowers' corner: thence with his
line N. 76 E. 10314 poles to the beginning, con
taining 128 7 8 acres, more or less.
This 24th day of October, 1905.
C. w. EDOERTON,
Administrators. R. Hollowell.
POU & BROOKS, Kenly, N. C.
By virtue of an Execution in my hands in
favor of C. T. Johnson and against J. W.
Wood. Jr. I shall sell at the Court House door
in Smitbtield on Wednesday December the
13th 1905 at 12 o'clock, to the highest bidder
for cash, the following described Heal Estate,
or enough thereof to satisfy said Execution,
One tract, containing 57# acres, adjoining
the lands of J. D. Johnson. C. C. Ryals and
others. Beginning at stake in J. D. Johnson's
line, runs 8 2# W 28 40 chains to stake on
Branch; thence 8 84 E 22-60 chains to stake:
thence N 5 E 8 80 chains to stake; thence N 40
W 1 chain to stake on ditch; thence as said
ditch N 5 W 8-75 chains; thence N 37 W 4
chains; thence N 17 W 7 85 chains to stake in
C. C. Kvals line the Ivey corner; thence N 86
W17-20 chains to the beginning. Also 43\acres
bought of Leander Holmes by Deed dated
Feb. 25 1904 and adjoining the lands of Ben
Hudson, Isham McLam and others.
Also a tract containing 86 acres, being the
share alloted to Hansom McLam in the divi
sion of the lands of Isham McLam Deed.
Also a tract containing 36 acres adjoining
the lands of L. A. Holmes, Ransom McLam
and others being part of the lands of James
Also a tract containing 33 acres, adjoining
the lands of James Johnson, J. W. Wood and
others, being Lot No. 7 of the Walter Ennis
Also another tract containing 21# acres ad
joining the above tract being a part of the
Walter Ennis land.
Also the following Town Lots lying in the
Town ol Benson.
Lot No. 1 in Block "E": Lot No. 7 in Block
"I"; Lot No. 9 in Block "I": Hart of No. 8 in
Block " K" bought of D J.Hill; Lots o's. 7,
8, 9, 10. 11 and 12 in Block "8": Lots No's. 1. 2,
7. 8, and 9 in " I)"; Lots No's, 2. 3 and 4 in Block
"M"; Lots No's. 2 ana 3 in Block "N"; Lot
No. 7 in Block "H".
This November 13th. 1905.
J. T. ELLINGTON.
Sheriff Johnston County.
NOTICE OF SALE.
By vlrtuef the authority contained in a
judgment of the Superior Court of Johnston
County, N. C. in a special proceeding entitled
Sara A. Nichols, widow of W. W Nichols,
deceased, W. H. H* Nichols. W. w. Nichols,
M. H. Nichols, 8. A. Nichols and Molly
Ellington and husband, J. W. Ellington, vs.
A. C. Nichols and Ida Riley, petition to sell
land for dower and partition, the undersigned
commissioner appointed for the purpose will
offer for sale for cash, to the highest bidder,
at the Court House door in the town of Smith
tleld, N. C. on Monday. December the 4th.
1905, at noon, the following described lot or
parcel of land situate iD the town of Smith
tield. N. C. at the intersection of Third and
Smith .Streets, being a part of lot No. 69 in
the plan of said town and bounded on the
North by Smith Street, on the East by Third
St. on the South by lands of H. J. Smith and
on the West by lands of W. (J. Veivington.
and containing about One-Third (#) of an
This Oct. 18th. 1905.
JAMES D. PARKER.
The undersigned having qualified as Execu
tor on the estate ot Mrs. Kitsey Barefoot,
deceased, all persons having claims against
said estate are hereby notified to present the
same to me duly verified on or before the 17
day of Nov. 1906 or this notice will be pleaded
in bar of their recovery and all persons in
debted to said estate will make immediate
This 15 day of Nov. 19 >5.
NATHAN BAREFOOT, Ext.
i; Bring your old
I Metals, Rubbers, I
I Rags, Etc. to i
i M. M. Gvilley |
? Fancy Grocer |
| CLAYTON. . - N. C. |
Are due to Indigestion. Ninety-nine of every
one hundred people who hsve heart trouble
con remember when It was simple Indiges
tion. It Is s sclentlflo (set thst all esses of
hesrt disease, not organic, srs not only
traoeabla to, but are the direct result of Indi
gestion. All food taken Into ths stomach
which falls ol perfect digestion ferments and
swells ths stomach, pulling It up against ths
heart. This Interferes with ths action of
the heart, and In the course of time that
delicate but vital organ becomes diseased.
Mr. O. Ksuble. ot N.esdi, O., errs: I had stomach
troubla and wis In a bid ststa 11! had hurt troubla
with It I took Kodol Dyspepsia Cure for about fcur
months and It cured ma.
Kodol Digests What You Eat
and relieves the itomach of all nervoua
strain and lito a?urt of all pressure.
Bottles only. SI .00 Sire holdln, 2 H times the trial
size, which Mils for SOc,
Prepared by C. O. DeWITT BOO., OMIOAOO.
W. G Yelvington's store is the
place to buy your elothirur.
ihocs. bats, caps, shirts, collars
tnti ties cbean