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VOL. 24. SMITHFIELD. X. C.. FRIDAY. JANUARY 10. 1906. NO. 46.
MR. PQU FLAYS THE TRUSTS.
He Calls Attention to the Wicked
Devices ot the Rules Commit
tee That Thwarts the Will
ot the Majority.
Last Friday, during the dis
cussion on the Philippine Tariff
Hill, Mr. Pou, Congressman from
the Fourth District, delivered
the following speech:
Mb. Chairman: From present
appearances it would seem that
this House is hopelessly divided.
One gentleman from Massachu
setts told us the other day that
te favored free trade between the
United States and Cauada. Why?
Undoubtedly because it would,
in his opinion, help his State
Again from the far South comes
a strong protest against the re
duction of the duty on sugar.
Why? because that section pro
duces sugar. Again from the
manufacturers from the j
North comes a plea for free hides.:
Why? Because they use hides to
make shoes, and they wish to
make shoes as cheaply as pos
sible. And so it seems that Gen
eral Hancock was not so far
from right after all when he said
the tariff was a local question.
In one sense it undoubtedly is,
but in the larger view it is not.
Now, Mr. Chairman, let us see |
if there is not common ground
unon which we can all stand.
It is a matter of common
knowledge that ours is a trust
ridden, monoply-cursed country.
Prosperous as we are, this is the
unvarnished truth Great corp- i
orations have grown up under
our system of raising revenue, j
At first they claimed that they
were infants and could not stand
alone; so we built a high wall
which largely shut out competi
tion. Now they have become so j
powerful that they openly defy
the law, and without hindrance
violate the law every day in the 1
year. The American people are
the prey of these powerful giants.
The American consumer has i
made them largely what they
are; and now in return for his
beneficence they punish him, for
every day they are shipping their
goods abroad and are selling
those goods cheaper to the for- j
eigner than they are to us. The |
man never was born smart
enough to defend such a practice
successfully. Logic can not make
right out of wrong.
Kvery good man in this Repub
lic, from the President down,
would be glad to find a way to
put an end to the iniquitous prac
tices of the American trust. How
to reach the criminal trust is a
question which has so far puz- j
zled the best intellect of the laud. |
But, Mr. Chairman, in the dilem
ma in which we are, I humbly j
submit that the very first tariff j
schedule which should bo reduced
is that schedule which shuts o;;t
competition with the products
of the monopoly. Who will deny ,
that the United State* Steell
Corporation has a practical mo-!
nupoly of theated industry of this
country? Who will deny that
this monopoly is eel Unfits manu
factured product cheaper to the
foreigner than the American?
Then why not reduce the import
duty upon such articles to that
point which mil, if possible, force
this trust to sell at least as
cheaply to Americans as to for
Let me say this, Mr.Chairman.
1 am not a free trader 1 favor
a moderate but just revision of,
the tariff. If the farmer and
wealth producer receives any
benefit from our s.i stem of tax
ation, then the last duty which I
will vote to reduce is that which
helps these men. We do know
that we can make goods cheaper
to the consumer by removing
part of the duty on trust-made
articles. Then why not take
those schedules in hand ?
Ah, Mr. Chairman, why? That;
91,900,000 which the Hepubli. in
national chairman had in the
last campaign did the business.
[Laughter ] That 92,800.000
which he had in 1!>00 did the
business, and the almighty dol
lar will always do the business1
ns long us political parties arej
willing to elect their Presidents
and their Co igre: :3oa it lib money j
contributed by corporations and
individuals made rich by laws
passed by these very men.
Four years ago I attempted
to sound a note of warning. It
was a feeble attempt indeed. I
sound it again to day. The use
of money in our elections is a j
damnable curse. The wretched
creature who sells his vote should
be put in stripes, and the still j
more dangerous creature who
buys that vote should be put in
stripes also and sent along to
the penitentiary for a term twice
Never has our country and
Congress been more boss-ridden
than they are to-day. It is true |
that there is a healthy indica- j
tion here and thereof an attempt
on the part of good men to j
break up ring rule, but so far as
I can see there is absolutely no J
hope of the passage of any act
which will tend to remove the
consumer from the clutches of
the trust. All agree that some-!
thing should be done?yes, all
from the President down. All
agree that we are in the power of
monopoly. All admit that they
are making us pay more for their
goods than foreigners pay. No
one will deny that a reduction of
the import duty will make goods
cheaper to the consumer. Not a
solitary Member on this floor:
will, I venture, insist that the
steel trust, for example, needs
any protection at all. rnen wny j
not reduce the duty upon articles i
whicn come in competition with
the steel trust? 1 would like to
know just how much this corpo.
ration contributed to the cam
paign fund of the Republican
party in 1900 and 1904.
.Now, Mr. Chairman, I will not
be misunderstood. 1 do not pre
tend that my own party is free
from blame. As 1 have stated
before on this fioor, the guilt of
either party is probably limited
b'y the amount of money its
agents can raise. Each party
can say to the other, "Et tu
quoque;" but that reply never
justified wrongdoing 6inee the
world began; but it is time the
practice were stopped by law,
and good men of both political
parties should join hands to
make our elections clean and
pure in the future.
For one I honestly believe that
a majority of this Chamber fa
vors a reduction of the duty on
trust-manufactured articles, but
the will of the majority no longer
rules in this body. Why? Re
cause you have tied yourselves
hand and foot and delivered
yourselves into tHe nanus 01
three men. This is true. Will
anyone dispute it? The Consti
tution contemplates, as I under
stand it, that every Member of
this body should be the peer of
every other Member and enjoy
the same rights and privileges;
and this would be true had we
hot voted ourselves in slavery.
More thau once we have seen pe
titions circulating around this
Chamber asking permission of
the Speaker to be allowed to
vote on some bill which a ma
jority desired brought before the
House Just think of that, if you
please. [Laughter] Honorable
gentlemen, Members of the Ameri
can House of Representatives,
elected and sent here by the sov
ereign people, actually forced to
beg for the privilege of voting
Do you wonder that your Presi
dent pays little or no attention
to your recommendations? Do
you not feel humiliated? This is
bossism run to seed. Gentlemen. [
let us put an end to it. If we
must have aConuuitteeon Rules,
let each side of this Chamber
elect its members. Let us put
back into the hands of each
Member that power which the
Constitution intended he should
exercise. Your Speaker should
be your servant, not your mas
ter, just as you are the servants
of your constitutents. When the
ridiculous and arbitrary rules of
this House are changed there; I
will be a chance to vote on meas
ures which ought to become
laws. Then, and not till then,
will this body properly represent
those who sent us here and en
trusted great interests in our
No, Mr. Chairman, no legisla
tion which si rikrs at the trust
will be passed by this Congress.
I know there are gentlemen on
both sides of this Chamber who
ardently desire to see some meas
ure enacted into law which will
strike at the criminal trust. 1
have never believed that my po
litical party had a monoply of
civic virtue, and 1 am glad to
hear testimony of the patriotic
purposes of gentlemen on the
other side ol the aisle; but, unfor
tunately, as I believe, the party
in power is under obligations to
the very corporations the people
expect us to deal with. While 1
believe the rules of this House
are abominable and arbitrary,
it is hardly fair to blame the
Speaker for exercising the power
which has been placed in his
hands, but with all my heart and
soul I contend that the time has
come for the Members of this
House to abolish this oligarchy
and to teach the three or four
men who monopolize most of
the time of the House and wield
all its power that they are the
servants and not the masters of
the American House of Repre
sentatives. Right here 1 will
venture to repeat a prediction I
made during the last Congress
on this floor. It is this: Any
legislation which aftects railroad
rates will result in no practical
benefit to the shipper. The Re
publican party can not legislate
against tbe railroad. It can not
legislate against the trust, for it
would by so doing legislate
against itself. Colonel Roose
velt has been President for near
ly six years Everyday during
that period his party has had
control of both Houses of Con
gress. You can pass any bill
you desire to pass. Again and
again the President has de
nounced the vicious and criminal
practices of the trust. Again
and again he has called atten
tion to the need of railroad-rate
legislation. Why don't you do
something? The beet-sugar far
mer says you are about to strike
at him. The tobacco farmer
says you are about to strike at
him. Why don't you strike at
the trust? Why don't you repeal
the duty on refined sugar?that
little differential which was put
there to help the trust? Ob, no,
Mr. Chairman, the big corpora
tion is safe. It can be relied on
when money is needed to run
Now, Mr. Chairman, there is
much in the President which a
political foe can admire. He is
honest, courageous, intensely
American. For one I am glad to
support him in many of his rec
ommendations. I am in full
sympathy with his spirit of inde
pendence. I have never subscrib
ed to the doctrine that the party
is greater than the man. Vio
lent partisanism is not a healthy
condition. Political parties be
come a curse when they obstruct
the passage of beneficent laws.
I am a Democrat because, before
God, I believe the principles of
my party,as I understand them,
are right. It is of but little con
cern to the millions of American
people who are affected by the
laws we pass whether they are
initiated by the cne party or the
other 1 confess there is but lit
tle in the pending measure to
commend it. I will not pledge
mvself to do so, yet I expect to
vote for it, because it is a very
short step in the right direction.
In conclusion, there is one oth
er matter to which I will allude.
To day at the White House my
self and wife were looking at the
portraits of the great men who
haye occupied the Presidential
chair of the grandest of all the
nations of the earth. At one of
these long and reverently we
gazed in silence, for upon his
countenance there was a look of
heaven which limners giye to
the beloved desciple. It was the
portrait of the preatest soul ever
elevated to the Presidential office
?Abraham Lincoln, the martyr.
Just as we were about to leave
the building, again we stopped
to look in reverent silence upon
the kindly features of yet anoth
er President, who did not live in ]
such a trying hour in the life of
the Republic, but who left behind
a memory so gentle and sweet
that every American will alwavs
i speak hi? name with pride. 11 i-1
the portrait of McKinley, the,
And then, as the car approach
ed the Capitol, we passed the
statue of still another President
?a statue built by his comrades ,
in arms to honor the memory of
the soldier, statesman, and pa
triot. It was the statue of Gar-1
field, the martyr.
And then I was reminded that
one out of every eight Presidents
who held the office before Colonel
Roosevelt died at the hands of a |
miserable assassin. The Presi
dent is compelled to see thou-'
sands of people. Let us not J
be too hasty or too harsh in our
criticisms of those of the Presi
dent's household whose duty it
is to be always on guard. [Loud
Jurors for March Term.
Clayton Township?M. H. Har
dee, M. G. Gnlley and Victor Aus
and J. C. Holt.
Pleasant Grove?J. R. Parrish
and C. C. Young.
Elevation?A. T. Lassiter and
Banner?P. B. Johnson and
G. W. Smith.
Meadow?L. D. Hinton and
J asper Lee.
Bentonsville?Ira W. Langston
and W. H. Upchurch.
lugrams?G. W. Wood and J.
Boon Hill?George F. Wood
ard, H. J. Thompson and W. T.
Beuiah?Henry Bass, Pharoah j
Godwin and Gideon Price.
Oneals?A. H. Atkinson and
Wilders?J. I. Murphy and G.
Wilson's Mills?S. C. Turnage
and W. H. Ellis.
Seima?Sam P. Wood and D.
Pine Level?W. T. Woodard j
and J. F. Watson.
J. E. Woodall and J. W. Wel
Second Week?D. O. Uzzle, I)
W. Brannan, C. R. Dodd, J. H.
Yelvington, T. J. Johnson, W.
H. Creech, James Beasley, D. L.
Peacock, K. L. Cox, 1). H. San
ders, W.' W. Kornegay, J. B.
Whitley, G. W. Bailey, j. P. Bat
ton, W. G. Aldridge, W.C.Smith,
J. W. Langdon and W. S. Bos
Over #50,000 was expended in
improvements at the State Nor
mal and Industrial College dur
ing the past year.
While burning broom-sedge
near her home in Union county,
Mrs. Rebecca Lowney, CO years
old, who lived alone, was burned
The Southern Railway Com- j
pany has given the Presbyterian |
church at Spencer $500 to help j
complete the new church build-1
Nine of the older students at
Bingham School, Asheville, in
cluding all the higher officers,
have been made to walk the j
plank. Col. Bingham says thej
young men combined against j
discipline and he showed them
They had a mad dog scare at
Lexington last week and seven
teen dogs were killed as a result.
A mad dog scare is by no means
an unmixed evil.
In Chicago last week a suit
was tried in which live children
whose father had died from
drink sued the saloonkeepers
who had sold him whiskey for
damages on account of his death.
The jury gave them damages in
the sum of $17,500.
Halt the World Wonders
how the other half lives. Those
who use Bucklen's Arnica Salve
never wonder if it will cure Cuts.
Wounds, Burns. Sores, and si 11
Skin eruptions; they know it
will. Mrs. Grant Shy, 113U E.
Reynolds St., Springfield, 111.,
says: "I regard it one of the
] absolute necessities of house
I keeping." Guaranteed by Hood
Bros., drugg its.
TRIP TO NEW ORLEANS.
Mr. W. M. Sanders Tells Herald
Readers Some of His Impres
sions of the Cotton Associa
tion and New Orleans.
The writer has just returned
from New Orleans and thinks
that a few observations might
be of interest to your subscribers
The occasion of my trip to that J
city was to attend the annual
meeting of the Southern Cotton
Association, which convened on
Thursday, the 11th, at 10:80.
The convention was interest
ing to me from the beginning to
the close. I was much pleased
with Harvie Jordan, the Presi
dent of the Association, and was
impressed with the apparent sin
cerity of his purposes, manly
bearing, courteous treatment of
all who had occasion to approach
him. He makes an ideal presid
ing officer, and is an enthusiast
on the subject of cotton?the
South's greatest staple crop.
I also was pleased with Rich
ard Cheatham, the secretary of
the Association. He it was who
bearded the lion at Washington
last fall and forced the authori
ties there to correct evils which J
might have entailed a loss of
millions to the cotton growers
of the South.
Just a year ago dfar people;
realized that a great calamity !
threatened the land?Oct. cotton.
A few of the more thoughtful
and intelligent planters invited j
the merchants and bankers of
the South to meet there in New
Orleans, and to see if something j
could not be done to prevent
this disaster. Many in our ranks
were sceptical?the farmers were
so numerous, ignorant and poor.
But the business menof thecoun
try?merchants and bankers? I
said "we will help you?let us try. j
The fight is ours also, the welfare |
of the South depends on high
priced cotton?the farmers, mer-!
chants and bankers must join :
The association was organized.
The talk then of 11-cent cotton
seemed a dream to the poor dis
heartened farmer. Now it is a
happy realization. A year ago
to-day cotton was selling at 6%;
to-day it is bringing 11 %.
A reduction of acreage, decrease j
of fertilizers, diversified crops,
through the organization has
saved millions to the South in
one short year.
A more perfect organization is
the one great object tUat should
interest all our people now. As
this alone would preclude, the i
probability of another abnorm
ally large crop of cotton. North
Carolina in this respect is behind
her sister states. South Carolina,
Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi,
Louisiana, Texas, and Arkansas
impressed me as well organized.
Each of these states had a large
and enthusiastic delegation ano
seemed loyal to the association
to a man.
Our state is not organized as
it should be. There are too ,
many of our farmers outside of
the association. We must get
together, brethren. The sixteen
million engaged in the cultiva
tion of cotton have been poverty
stricken and slaves long enough.
Through the Southern Cotton
Growers Association, we have
the opportunity to break the
bondage and banish the ghost
of (5-cent cotton and misery from,
our homes forever.
Our people seem so slow in
realizing the value of our great
staple crop, and the difference
between high and lbw priced cot
ton. Twenty points advance on
ten million bales of cotton
means one million dollars. One
hundred points or one cent a
Found means fifty million dol
ars and 5 cents?the difference,
between (>% cents, t tie price a year
ago aud 11% cents t he price now
?meaus two buudred aud fifty
million dollars or about fifteen
dollars per capita for each man,
woman and child engaged in the
cultivation of cotton. My breth
ren, let us orgatdze more thor
oughly, and protect aud enjoy
this God-given inheritance and
again become a happy and pros
per ' ,s _ cot e. lli .u; i"L i. t
ing fact that do other country
of the name extent ha* such a
monopoly of auy greet staple
New Orleans is a great city,
situated on the right of the Mis
sissippi 100 miles above the Gulf.
It has an area of 42 square miles
and a population of 325,000.
New Orleans is our greatest
seaport, handling annually more
than two million bales of cotton.
In 1900 the imports were one
aud a half milliou, exports twen
ty million. In 1901 one hundred
and forty thousand mules and
horses valued at thirteen milliou
dollars were exported to the
On January 8th, 1815, one of
the^reatest and most decisive
battles of the world was fought
near the city between twelve
thousand British, commanded
by 8ir Edward rakenham, and
the Americans numbering six
thousand, commanded by Gen
eral Andrew Jackson. The bat
tle lasted only twenty-five min
utes. The British were thorough
ly routed, losing two thousand
men and their commanding of
ficer, while the Americans lost
only eight killed and thirteen
A new era will dawn upon the
South with the completion of
the Panama Canal and New Or
leans will become probably in a
short time the great commercial
center of the world.
Wm. M. Sandeks.
Smithfleld. .Ian. 18th. 190G.
Pythian Officers Installed.
Neuse Lodge, No. 12.1, Knights
of Pythias, installed the follow
ing officers for the ensuing term
at their meeting Monday night:
H. P. Stevens, C. C.
It. A. Merritt, V. C.
I)r. N. T. Holland, Prelate.
Will H. Lassiter, K. of K. and S.
Dr. Thel Hooks, M. W.
T. J. Lassiter. M. of F.
J. D. Spiers, M of G.
L G. Patterson, M. of A.
N. M. Lawrence, Jr., I. G.
H. L. Skinner, O. G.
The Lodge meets each Monday
evening at 7:30.
Charles E. Barbee, a young
white man, son of a Durham
merchant, is serving 30 days in
jail for contempt of court. He
was sentenced by the mayor for
refusing to answer questions as
to where he had been purchasing
whiskey in violation of the laws.
Barbee said that he knew from
whom he got the whiskey but
that he would not tell the mayor.
This is the first sentence of the
kind since the enforcement of the
On Wednesday, January 10th,
at three o'clock, at the home of
the bride's father, Mr. John Las
siter, Mr. Jesse Whitley and Miss
Bertie Lassiter were happily
married, Mr. J. H. Smith, J. P.,
Tbe attendants were: Mr. Paul
Whitley and Miss Daisy Lassiter,
Mr. Junius Hobbsand Miss Pearl
Whitley, Mr. Bobert Higgins
and Miss Linnie Hobbs, Mr. Wal
ter Hobbs and Miss Minnie Page.
After the ceremony the party
went to the home of the groom's
father, Mr. A. J. Whitley, where
a dainty repast awaited them?
after which they continued the
merry-making until a late hour.
They have a host of friends
who wish them a long and hap
py life. B.
A Modern Miracle.
"Truly mirn'ulous seemed the
recovery of Mrs. Mollie Holt, of
this place," wriies J.O. K. Hoop
er, Woodford, Tain., "she was
so wasted by coughing up puss
from her lungs. Doctors de
clared her end so near that her
family had watched by her bed
side forty-eight hours; when, at
my urgent request Dr. King's
New Discovery was given her,
with the astonishing result that
improvement begajj. and con
tinued until she finally complete
ly recovered, and is a healthy
woman to-day." Guaranteed cure
for coughs and colds. uOe. ami
$1.00 at Hood Bros., drvggis*.
Trial bottle free.