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Attend the Big Johnston County Community Chautauqua at Smithfield, N. G, June 9th to 13th
VOLUME 36 SMITHFIELD, N. C? FRIDAY, JUNE 1, 1917. Number 25
GREAT REGISTRATION DAY.
June 5, 1917, Will Become One of the
Most Conspicuous Days In Our
History, on Which the Manhood of
the Nation Conies Forward In De
fense of the Ideals To Which the
Nation Is Consecrated. "The World
Must lie Made Safe for Democ
(By Joseph Hyde Pratt.)
The Council of National Defense
and the State Council of Defense have
made several suggestions regarding
Registration Day, and it is the desire
and hope of the State Council of
Defense that the people of North
Carolina will carry out these sugges
tions as fully as they can in their
1. From press and pulpit, and in
the school-room, every effort should
be exerted to impress upon all citi
zens their duty at this vital crisis in
the history of our Country.
2. Registration Day should be cel
ebrated as a consecration of the
American people to service and to
sacrifice. It should be a welcome to
those registering. It should be a pub
lic expression by each community of
willingness to surrender its sons to
3. It should be celebrated in a
serious spirit and kept as Registra
tion Day only. It must be distin
guished from the ordinary holiday.
No other objects should be allowed to
4. Elaborate and costly decora
tions should be discouraged. It is
suggested that every household try to
have displayed an American flag.
5. The celebration should be cen
tered around registration places, and
those who register should be especial
6. The registration places should
be decorated with the National col
ors and emblems. If possible, have one
large American flag flying from a
flagstaff at registration place.
7. At seven in the morning, the
hour of the opening of the registra
tion booths, church and fire bells
should be rung and whistles blown.
8. In many places, parades can
be made a feature of the day; and
the men registering should be made
a special part of the parade. If the
men to register can group themselves,
they should be escorted to the regis
tration places with patriotic music by
their kinsfolk, neighbors, and friends.
Another suggestion is that near the
close of the Day a parade be organ
ized in which those who have regis
tered would form the center of the
parade. The march should be made to
some suitable place where a short
patriotic address should be made by
some prominent citizen. It is also sug
gested that the President's procla
mation be read. All National Guard
units and anyone connected with any
Federal military organization should
play patriotic music.
9. A uniform badge, consisting of an
arm band three inches wide of khaki
colored cloth, is to be given to all
those who register, and only to those
who register. This badge will be uni
form throughout the country and
must be provided by each communi
ty. It is suggested that Chambers of
Commerce, Boards of Trade, Commu
nity Clubs, and other organizations
or committees should be appointed to
see that suitable material is provided
for making these arm bands to be
pinned around the arm of each one
as he registers. Women should be ap
pointed to be at the registration
places during the Day to pin the
badges on the arms of the men reg
10. "I earnestly trust that through
out the State it may be made a day
of consecration and prayer. I do
urge that every man who can spare
time will turn out on Registration
Day and assist in every possible way
in securing a complete registration
in every precinct." (Governor Bick
In many cities and towns, it may
be found advisable to hold a patriotic
rally on the night of June 4th. At
this rally there should be patriotic
music sung and a clear and concise
statement made of the requirements
of the law. It would also be a good
time to read the President's procla
In order to insure a full registra
tion, it is going to be necessary to
call the attention of the people of the
rural sections to the need of regis
tration; and it is suggested that the
Chambers of Commerce, Boards of
LOWER PRICES IS TO BE AIM.
Steps to be Taken by New Food
Administration as Soon as Con
gress Passes Bill. Margins To Be
Cut Down. Hoover Convinced That
With Co-Operation of People the
Food Problem Can Be Solved W ith
Reduction of the present high
prices the consumer pays for food, it
was announced at Washington Tues
day, will be one of the first aims of
the new food administration which
will be created with Herbert C.
Hoover at its head as soon as Con
gress passes the government's food
This will be undertaken by cutting
down the margin between producer
and consumer through a system of
executive s under the central admin
istration each to study means of
shortening the speculative chain that
handles a particular commodity. The
first staples to be studied probably
will be grain, flour, meat and sugar.
Stability of prices, Mr. Hoover be
lieves, is vital o the successful low
ering of costs to the consumer, both
here and abroad. The executives will
have under them boards, on which
will be represented producer, middle
man and consumer. Their efforts will
be in the direction of modification of
present trade methods, and the stimu
lation of production.
Emile Level, food expert with the
permanent French commission here,
presented to Mr. Hoover and Secre
tary Houston today France's food
needs for the next few months. M.
Level will make all French food pur
chases in this country until a perman
ent arrangement is made among the
allies. When tha is done het will rep
resent France on the allied food pur
The food administration, it was said
Tuesday, will take up this work step
by sep, determined to adopt no irre
trievable measures. Mr. Hoover is
convinced hat with the co-operation
of the people, the food problem can
be solved with a minimum of disloca
Offers of volunteer service to the
administration continue to pour into
Mr. Hoover's office. Virtually every
occupation and industry is represent
U-BOAT SINKINGS DECREASE.
Eighteen British Merchant Ships of
Over 1,600 Tons Sunk During
the I'ast Week.
London, May 30. ? Eighteen British
merchant vessels of more than 1,600
tons were sunk during the past week,
it was officially announced tonight.
One vessel of less than 1,600 tons and
two fishing vessels were sunk.
The text of the announcement
"Weekly summary: arrivals 2,
719; sailings, 2,768.
"British merchant vessels sunk by
mines or submarines, over 1,600 tons
18; under 1,600 tons, one.
"British merchant vessels unsuc
cessfully attacked, including one pre
viously reported, 17.
"British fishing vessels sunk, 2."
The report invariably includes all
merchantile tonnage known to have
been sunk by mine or submarine
whether employed by the government
The loss of British shipping from
the submarine war as reported this
week total 21, as compared wfth a
total of 30 in the previous week.
Whila the losses of vessels exceeding
1,600 tons each remain the same as
in the last previous report, the num
ber of vessels of less than 1,600 tons
is Feduced from nine to only one.
The number of fishing vessels sunk
is reduced from three to two.
British Columbia last year export
ed to the United States 117,8fi4
bushels of potatoes, valued at $113,
Trade, and other organizations ar
range to send out into the rural sec
tions to explain registration day and
urge upon all the necessity far regis
Considerable attention should also
be given to the question of regis
tering the colored men. They are
obliged to register the same as the
white men, and they need instruc
tion in regard to what Registration
Day means and the necessity for
their registering. Meetings should
be called of the colored men and Reg
istration Day explained to them.
Form 1 REGISTRATION CARD No
Age, in yrs.
Name in full I
(Given name) (Family name)
address , ...
(No.) (Street) (City) (State)
Date of birth
(Month) (Day) ffw)
Are you (1) a natural-born citizen, (2) a naturalized citizen, (3) an
j alien, (4) or have you declared your intention (specify which)?
Where were you
5 i born? , , i_,
(Town) (State (Nation)
If not a citizen, of what country are you a citizen or subject?
7 What is your present
trade, occupation, or office?.
8 By whom employed?
Have you a father, mother, wife, child under 12, or a sister or brother
under 12, solely dependent on you for support (specify which)?.
Married or single (which)? Race (specify which)?
What military service have you had? Hank ; Branch?
Years ; Nation or State
Do you claim exemption
from draft (specify grounds) ?
I affirm that I have verified above answers and that they are true.
(signature or mark)
KAISER FAR FROM DEFEAT.
I)r. David Jayne Hill Not Sure Ger
Many Will be Beaten. Warns Coun
try of Dangers. Former Ambassa
dor Says United States Must Lay
Wealth and Lives at Altar of De
New York, May 29. ? Dr. David
Jayne Hill, former Ambassador to
Germany, in an address to the trus
tees of the American Defense Socie
ty here today, warned that Germany
was far from defeat, and discussed
the theory that the Hohenzolkrns
alone were responsible for that coun
try's imperialistic ambitions. He as
serted that the present war was a
struggle of political systems.
"The people of Germany," declar
ed Dr. Hill, "are more loyal to the
Emperor than the Democratic party
is to Wilson today. The President has
said that we have no hostility toward
the German people, but do not the
German people support the Imperial
German Government to a man ?
Didn't a wave of general rejoicing go
through Germany when the Lusitania
went down? How many German^ in
Germany can you find who are not im
perialistic? I have never found one."
"This," added Dr. Hill, "is going to
be a different world if the Central
Powers win the war, and it is by no
means certain that they will not. Un
less we conscript ourselves for this
battle and lay our wealth and our
lives at the altar of the defense of
our institutions we will find our de
scendants in the vortex of world dom
inating schemes of autocracy."
Prof. Albert Bushnell Hart, of Har
vard, in an address to members of
the executive committee of the Na
tional Security League, sounded a
"The danger confronting the United
States is as great as that of 1776,"
he said, "and not one-third of the
people realize it."
"The need," added Professor Hart,
"is very grave for immediate im
pressing upon the people of this
country the reasons for entrance into
the war and the fact that the lift of
democracy ? the very life of the na
tion itself ? hangs upon our victory
ANTI-DRAFT MEN TO GO TO JAIL
Instructions Issued for Arrest of All
Persons Responsible for Agitation
Against Registration. Machinations
of German Propagandists Source
Washington, May 29. ? Attorney
General Gregory today instructed
United States attorneys and marshals
throughout the country to use their
utmost efforts to arrest and prose?
cute all persons responsible for the
agitation which has manifested itself
in localities from New England to
Texas against the registration June
5 of men subject to selective draft.
This agitation has made itself felt
somewhat in many sections, but thus
far there apparently is little connec
tion between the outbreaks. Officials
have undertaken an exhaustive in
vestigation to determine if the whole
anti-draft sentiment is not rooted in
extensive machinations of German
propagandists in this country having
a central headquarters. Color to this
theory is lent in some degree by the
market similarity in the method of
procedure in widely separated com
munities. Some officials believe that
the entire agitation is manufactured
by German agents where baffled in
their original program calling for an
armed uprising of German reservists
in this country upon America's entry
into the war, have turned their ener
gies to this method of hindering the
military plans of the Government.
If such is the case, the conspiracy
will come to nothing, officials believe.
The Department of Justice, it was
authoritatively announced tonight,
expects 100 per cent of eligibles to
register, and prompt prosecution un
der the criminal provisions of the
law will be instituted in the few
cases where the law is not observed.
To bring out the full registration,
Attorney General Gregory today in
vited the entire Nation to constitute
itself a committee of the whole, and
every man of military age a commit
tee of one, to report slackers.
"Every man subject to registration
is not only expccted by the Depart
ment of Justice to comply with the
law," reads an official statement, "but
also to constitute himself a commit
tee of one in his community to see
that each of his acquaintances who
GRAIN PRICES TAKE
A DOWNWARD SWING
Chicago, May 31. ? Optimistic crop
reports and the northward spread of
the harvest pave a decided down
ward swing to the wheat market to
day. Prices dosed unsettled three
and a half to 9 cents nets lower, with
July at 194 and September at 180.
Com finished one and a half at three
and three-quarters off, and oats at a
decline of one and one-fourth at <>no
and thrc-c-fourths cents. In provisions
the outcome ranged from a setback
of 17 ccnts to h rise of 25 cents.
snouia register does so or is properly
reported for prosecution under the
criminal provision of the law. Attor
ney General Gregory invites all young
men of the country to co-operate in
the enforcement of the law as a part
of their patriotic duty.
The Nation is at war. The central
dominating cry at this time should
be "For the Nation's honor and wel
fare." If a man or a division wants
to go to Prance to fight for country
and liberty, let them go. They will
not get all the glory. There is glory
enough fo every man who does his
Rl'SSO-GERMANS MOKE ACTIVE
Austrians Suffer Another Defeat by
Italians East of Gorizia and on the
Vodice. Driven Back In the Plava.
On Itoth the British and French
Fronts Tuesday Was Another Day
On the southern end of the line near
the head of the Gulf of Triest, in the
Austro-Italian theatre,* the Italians
for the moment have paused in their
titanic effort to push forward to
Triest and heavy fighting again is in
progress to the north around Gorzia,
Plava and the Vodice. East of Gorizia
and on the Vodice the Austrians at
tempted to curry the offensive to the
Italians, but artillery lire stopped the
assaults and in the last named sector
the Italians themeselves delivered an
attack and notwithstanding stubborn
resistance made progress on the
southeastern slope of Hill 52. Like
wise in the Plava sector the Austrians
were driven back and lost 100 men
. Around San Giovanni and Duino
at the lower end of the line the Aus
trians heavily bombarded the Ital
ians in their new positions and in
effectually tried to oust them. Both
sides are claiming the capture of
large numbers of prisoners sjnce the
new battle from Tolmino to the sea
began, the Italians asserting athat
they have taken 23, 081 and the Aus
Tuesday passed with relative calm
on both the British and French fronts
Following reports of an increase in
the Russian artillery activity against
the Austrians in the eastern theatre
comes a statement that there has been
a renewal of the activity of the Rus
so-Rumanian forces against the Teu
tonic allies in Rumania and that ear
ly tatacks by them are expected. The
visits to Jassy the new capital of Ru
mania, of M. Thomas, the French min
ister of munitions, and M. Kerensky,
the Russian minister of war, possi
bly may be connected with the revival
of the activity of the Russo-Ruman
ian troops. ? Associated Press Sum
mary for Tuesday.
MAKUIED MEN NOT EXEMPT.
Only Those Whose* Dependents Must
Rely Solely On Them for Support
Should Claim Exemption.
In Monday's Greensboro News a
dispatch from Washington was pub
lished about the exemption of married
men. This news story was published
in The Herald Tuesday. In Tuesday's
edition of the Greensboro News was
published a modification of this story,
Provost Marshal General Enoch II.
Crowder denied yesterday the rumor
which had gained great currency that
it had been decided to discharge all
married men from selective draft.
The story from the remark of Secre
tary Baker of the war department
that he hoped it would be possible
to exclude from the draft all married
men whose dependents were "sole
ly dependent." It was found that a
number of married men not only were
under the impression that marriage
itself provided exemption from draft,
but that it obviated even registra
tion itself. In order to correct this
misunderstanding, General Crowder
issued the following statement:
"The act establishing the selective
draft authorities the President to ex
clude or discharge from the draft
'those in a status with respect to per
sons dependent upon them for sup
port which renders their exclusion or
discharge advisable.' The census es
timate shows that almost half of the
men available for draft, under the
act of Congress, are married and any
sweeping exclusion of married men
would, therefore, be inadvisable. Only
those whose dependents must rely
solely on them for support should
claim exemption and, of course, all
married men between the ages of 21
and 30, inclusive, must register
whether or not they propose to claim
Change of Sunday School Place.
We are requested to r.nnounce
that the Sunday school which has
been conducted at Yelvington's Grove
will bo held hereafter in the Taber
nacle on the Selma road near the
Massey place. The time of tr^eting
is 3 o'clock every Sunday afternoon.
British Columbia cities have an
aggregate public debt of $73,676,039.
AT THE CAPITAL OF BANNER.
Deputy George F. Moore, Charged
With the killing of John Denning,
Gets Verdict of "Not Guilty." John
Hudson Must Undergo Operation
for Appendicitis Before Assuming
His Task In Atlanta "Pen." Other
Items of Interest. fC
Benson, May 31. ? Mrs. J. B. Ben
ton and little son returned Sunday
from an extended visit to relatives m
Jonesboro, N. C.
Mr. and Mrs. W. V. Cavenaugh are
spending the week with relatives in
Mr. Willie Allen who has been vis
iting here, from Jacksonville, Fla., for
the past several days, will leave to
day for Petersburg1 where he will
spend some time before going homo.
Mr. John Hudson, who was sen
tenced to the Atlanta Pen for one
year by Judge Connor last week, is
sick with appendicitis and will not be
taken to the Pen till operated on.
Mrs. George F. Moore and child
have been spending a few days with
Mrs. Moore's father, Mr. J. 1). Las
siter, of Wilson's Mills, recently.
Messrs. J. B. Holmes, A. W.
Hodges, L. A. Hodges and Telfar
Tart went down to Cumberland Coun
ty this morning and will spend the
Mrs. J. R. McLamb returned Wed
nesday from Sampson County where
she has been for the past few days
Messrs. Claud Henry and R. L.
Flowers and Deputy George Moore
spent the past few days in Raleigh
attending Federal Court which has
been in session there.
Miss Florence Adams, of Four
Oaks, was here for a few hours Mon
day evening with friends.
Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Boon and
children went up to Raleigh Wednes
day, spending the day on business
x n n 1 1 t n
mis. o, i\. ouruuur unu sun, j. i\.
Jr., returned home from Hamlet Wed
nesday, after spending several weeks
there with relatives.
Messrs. Eli Turlington, J. D. Mor
gan, J. W. Whittenton, J. F. Lee,
Paul Lee, R. T. Surles, Claud Henry,
A. Parrish and others attended the
trial of George F. Moore in the Fed
eral Court Saturday. Deputy Moore
was charged with the killing of John
Denning at a still in operation near
Dunn last summer. The jury returned
a verdict of "not guilty" after being
out barely three minutes.
Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Rose and Mr.
and Mrs. W. O. Rackley went down
to the home of Mr. J. J. Rose Sunday
and spent the day.
Misses Flora Canaday and Ruby
Hobbs are spending a few days with
friends in Selma this week.
Mr. N. W. Porter had the misfort
une to fall while at work on the apart
ment house near the Methodist church
Friday and hurt himself painfully,
though not seriously.
Dr. W. T. Martin went up to his
old home in Yadkin County last Fri
day and spent a few days with his
Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Godwin and
Messrs. J. H. Boon and Dr. J. F.
Martin spent Sunday in Clayton,
where Dr. Martin delivered a lecture
to the Sunday school there.
Messrs. R. F. Smith, J. R. Barbour,
W. H. Royal and S. F. Ivey were
visitors to Raleigh Monday.
Miss Eloise Turley, of Clayton,
has been spending a few days here
recently at the home of Miss Velma
Mr. D. M. Hall, of Clayton, was
here Sunday at the home of his broth
er, Mr. J. L. Hall.
Mrs. J. H. Boon returned from Ox
ford the first of the week accompa
nied by her daughters, Misses Alta
and Vada Boon, who have been in
Mr. Jesse T. "Morgan has returned
home from Chapel Hill where he has
been in school for the past year.
Mr. Percy Barbour, of Cleveland
township, recently spent a few days
here with his sister, Mrs. J. F. Lee.
Mr. Robert Jones, of Lillington,
was here yesterday for a short while
to see his father Mr. C. B. Jones.
Mr. Jack Ryals, of Rocky Mount,
was here for a few days recently on
a visit to relatives.
Mr. B. I. Tart, cashiet of the Four
Oaks Bank, was in town for a short
while Tuesday on business maters.
Odessa, Russia, last year sent
385,000 pounds oi beet seed, valued
at $31,738, to the United States.