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GERMANS FAIL l> lilt. ATTACK
Try Vainly to He-Capture the Mes
nine* Positions Although Fresh
Troops Ar? llnrled Aginst the
Carefully Planned Defense of the
British. Their Line Still Intact.
German* Ixwe 7,000 Prisoner)* and
Many Gun* Since Thursday.
In addition to losing more than
7,000 prisoners in the British drive
and thw subsequent fighting since
Thursday morning, the Germans lost
a largw number of guns, machine
funn and trench mortars. Both offi
cial and unofficial dispatches show
that th? Germans made efforts of the
most determined sort on Friday night
to reinstate themselves in the Mts
sincs salient from which the British
drove them in Thursday's memorable
General Plumer's operations had
been too well plunned and executed,
however, and his men were too ready
and well placed in their new positions
for the German front carried out by
fresh troops in Messines though it
was, to have any measures of succcss.
The British brought up their Artillery
with extraordinary promptitude and
although they had to fight the Ger
mans a hard battle along the six
mile front of the attack, they held
their line intact and inflicted frightful
losses upon General von Arnim's
Meanwhile, the British command
?r-in-ehief put his troops in other
?ectors of the front into effective ac
tion and carrici out an operation
that was much more than a mere
raid in force along the line from
LaBasseu to well south of Lens. These
moves seem to presage a speedy at
tempt to clean up the situation
around thw Ix-ns coal district to
which thw Germans have been cling
ing for several weeks past under (
iminent likelihood of being forced
Reports from the Measincs battle
?rea show that mere than thirty
tuns wero taken from the Germans
in tho British attack, while many (
others were buried in the debris caus
ed by the terrific bombardment and
mine explosions and havo not yet
Tho German accounts of Friday
night's fighting on tho new battle line
east of Messines represent it as due
to further Hritish attempts to ad
vance, which the German troops
The Italians have indicated that
they are more than half expecting
an Austrian offensive in the Trenti
no, made possible by the bringing of
Austrian troops in large numbers
from tho Russian front. There is no
indication of any such contemplated
attack as yet, the reports announc
ing only normal activities in the Tren
tino. The Austriuns arc still contest
ing the ground occupied by the Ital
ians in their notable thrust for
Triest, and attacked several times
Friday night, chiefly in the region
north of Gorizia. The Italians beat
off all these assaults.
There has been little military activ
ity along the Russian front. ? Associ- ^
ated Press Summary for Saturday.
COTTON PRICES SOAK UPWARD.
More New Hijrh Records Established,
With July Delivery on 23-Cent
Whether or not cotton prices will
go to 25 cents or above it, as intimat
ed in some quarters, is a question,
but the prospect seems" less remote
after the week's striking movements.
Bearing in mind the recent expe
rience, almost anything may con
ceivably happen, and not a few peo
ple insist that even at 23.08 cents
for July and about 22% cents for
December and January the crest of
the market has not yet been witness
ed. These record figures were reached
in Friday's session, and though the
familiar reaction occurred when
profits were token, the list ended ma
terially higher than it did last Sat;
urday. The extreme fluctuation was
fully 125 points in July and an av
erage of 130 points in the other ac
tive -deliveries, and in comparison
with the low levels of last week the
changes have been considerably great
er. The further upturn in the late
trading came after some speculators
had shown a disposition to proceed
more cautiously on the long side, and
was chiefly explained by urgent cov
ering by those who had sold short
It was stated in these columns when
the official report was issued on June
1st that the condition figures of 69.5
per cent were surprising to many in
terests, and some people now seem to
take if for granted that such a poor
showing makes a small yield a cer
tainty. This is a matter which time
alone will definitely determine, and
the recuperative powers of cotton are
not to be disregarded; yet it is clear
to everyone that the crop has started
under a decided handicap and n con
siderable stretch of good weather will
gain the ground lost from the ope?
be needed to enable the plant to re
ing of the t><?son. Since the date cov
ered l?y the Government'# return, May
25, the outlook has becom? more
promising in most section* and fur
ther improvement may conceivably
follow; but at present it is tho rather
general impression that the crop will
provo inadequate, and this belief
chiefly explains thy reccnt striking
rise of prices. Not all of the buying
has been speculative, for tho trade
demand has attracted attention and
there is a good deal of talk of an
abnormally large domestic consump
tion during the coming season. Yet
there remains the question of ex
ports, and belatpd official returns of
shipments are plainly disappointing.
Thus, tho outgo in April, was 250,
f>00 bales smaller than in April, 1916,
though for the ten months ended with
April an increase of about 430,000
bales is disclosed. ? Dun's Review.
WHEAT CROP WILL BE SHORT.
The Government Forecast Says There
Will be Sixteen .Million BuHhels
Produced More Than Lawt Year;
Hut In Itelow Normal. Rye to He
Washington, June 8. ? America's
1917 wheat crop, as forecast today by
the Department of Agriculture will
fall far below normal despite a pros
pect for a more than ordinary yield
of sprint; wheat.
A total yield estimated nt 656,000,
000 bushels will give the country 16,
000,000 more bushels than last year's
crop, but with the heavy demands
from abroad and virtually no reserve
store, it will not meet war needs un
less th? country practices the moit
The department forecast a spring
crop of 288,000,000 bushels, a big
yield, but estimates of winter wheat
production give a crop of only 373,
1)00,000 bushels. 7, 000, 000 more than
was forecast from the May condition,
but still far from the normal yield.
Herbert C. Hoover, who will be
food administrator under the food
control Bill pending in Congress, es
timates the allies' needs this year at
1,000,000,000 bushels of grain, most
>f it to come from the United States
and Canada. The short wheat crop
means this country will have to cut
tH wheat consumption if it exports
*ny wheat, since the United States
tself normally uses more than 600,
)00,000 bushels. At the beginning of
11*16, there were 164,000,000 bushels
>n hend carried over from the pre
vious year's record crop.
Some relief is seen in the better
showing this year in the forecast of
"ye, which will be a record crop; oats
ind barley. A large corn crop also
indoubtcdiy will be grown.
Winter wheat last fall was planted
m one of the largest acreages ever
recorded but severe winter conditions
?aused almost one-third of the area
o be rbandoned. The April forecast
i\as only 430,000,000 bushels. May's
forecast showed a reduction of 64,
J00.000 bushels. Today's forecast,
rnsed on June 1, conditions showed
improvement of 7,000,000 bushels
iver May with a total of 373,000,000
bushels. The final out turn may be
above or below that figure.
Spring wheat, the June report
shows, was planted on an area almost
?s large as that of 1915, when a re
ford crop of 352,000,000 bushels was
irrown. The condition of that crop on
June 1 was almost two points below
the 10 year average, indicating a
production of only 283,000,000 bushels.
With favorable growing conditions
the production may reach greater
proportions by harvest time.
Indications are for a crop of oats
third in size in the country's history,
and for a crop of rye exceeding the
record by 4,000,000 bushels.
Fuquay Springs, Juno 7. ? The
most brilliant social event of the
season was the marriage this after
noon at 6:30, at the Baptist Church,
of Miss Lena Rugsdale, accomplished
daughter of Mr. and .Mrs. E. J. Rags
dale, of Fuquay Springs, to Mr. L).
R. Fonville, of Burlington.
The church building was elaborate
ly decorrted for the occasion, and
presented a scene of unusual beauty.
The ccr< mony was performed by Rev.
Or. J. O. Atkinson, of Elon College.
Miss Emily Young, of Dunn, N. C.,
sang "Because," followed by "At
Dawning," Miss Jennie Atkinson
presiding at the piano. Miss Young
was in splendid voice and charmed
A master, after giving some les
sons on physical force asked: "Now,
hoys, can any of you tell me what,
force it is that move people along the
street ? "
He was greatly surprised and the
class highly amused at receiving from
one of the boys the unexpected an
"Please, sir, the police force." ?
Pearson's Weekly, London.
WOMEN OF STATE
TO CO-OPERATE WITH 8TATE
DEPARTMENT TO PREVENT
ACCIDENTS AND FIRES.
STEP IN RIGHT BtBfCTfBN
CommtMioner Young TeHe Womwi
Awful Fire Watts Will Be
At the annual convention ef tha
North Carolina Federation of Wo
man'* Clubs held at Durham during
the An*t week In May the unanimous
support of the organization was pledg
ed to tha work of tha North Carolina
Insurance department in tire and acci
dent preventien. This action follow
ed an addrose by Conimlasioner James
R. Young in which he outttned the
?lans for the department along the
Jinea of fire and accident prevention
and toid of the grea?t need of co-opera
tion on the part of ail civic orpaniza
Hons in every town and city in the
State and especially the co-operation
of the women's organizations.
Commisnloner Young expressed him
self as highly gratiAed at the assur
an< -w of support given him and atated
that he considered the action of the
federation a step In the right direction
and orw whleh Is sure to bring splendid
results <o tie citizens and property
owners of North Carolina.
A rsrluutUm of the awful Are waulo
In thia country, Commissioner Young
aays, can only l>e brought about along
educatleaoJ Hnes aid through the ce
<4>f?rt?tiou ufvd MKMtaruie of citizens
vrtio art* Jnat bagknnlujc to realize the
reupoiarltAMy that ree>ts on their
sJioukleni he< mm of caaeleasnesa or
the hiah of ordinary precaution. Every
ftre is paid for toy all the peaple, Mr.
Youug says. Insurance la collected
from uil and paid to htm who has a
fire; hence the roan who has a fire
Intentionally or unintentionally takes
money from hie neighbors.
Every week in this country Are de
stroys 1,600 dwellings. 140 apart
ment buildings. 26 hotels, 12 schools,
10 churches, 3 large department
stores, 3 hoapkais. 3 Jails, 3 theaters,
3 pubUc halls and 2 colleges. Eight
thousand persons rre rendered home
less and nine persons are burned to
dnath every day in the year in the
Reasonable oare and precaution
would have prevented a vast majority
of these Area and aocldents and the
Federation of Woman's Clubs in the
state are to be commended for the
position they have taken In the Are
FCR A SAFE AND
FOURTH OF JULY
The North Carolina Insurance De
partment has iseued a call to citizens,
to merchants and to city and town
officials in warning against the care
less use and in faot fne use In any
manner of Are work* in the celebra
tion of Independence Day, July 4. The
use of Are works in this celeSration In
North Carolina in the past has not
been extensive but there seems to
have been a tendency in receat years
to make more use of them. This dis
play when handled by the most expe
rienced person is dangerous and in the
hands of inexperienced people and of
children Is a menace to both life and
Insurance Commissioner Young in a
recent statement said:
"In this year when every effort
looks to conservation and prepared
ness it seems to me that the people of
North Carolina ought to refrain en- J
tlrely from the use of fireworks. The
kind of patriotism North Carolina and
America needs this year is ? not the
kind that burns money uselessly and
endangers property and especially
property where foodstuffs are stored.
The patriotism that will count now is j
the kind that makes for self denial and j
the conservation of every energy. The
kind that looks to the bending of
every efTort which lend support to
the government in the war of unknown
extent upon which it has entered.
"I hope that every city official In ,
North Carolina will see to it that no
flrew<orks are sold or used for the
oalebratlon of the Fourth of July. And
the sure way to do this Is to pass ordi
nances forbidding their sale. It Is a
time now when every . precaution j
should be observed to prevent tires.
And the handling of fireworks, how
ever ?areful may be the operator, is
hazardous to life and property."
Most smokers would indignantly re
?ent the charge that they are not
"food citizens" but the burden of \
proof would seem to be on them In
light of (iguive prepared by Wilbur E
Mallalieu, Gotierml Manager National
Board of Firo Underwriters, on the
causes of fire* !n the United States
for the year 1915, which show a total
fire loe* of $4,505,963. attributable to
carelessness. ? Michigan Fire Marsh
ftIRT M CU
"The Old-Wife," suiil Daddy, "is the
faintly name given to Mr. und Mrs.
"Ob, KraclooH J"
<uW'i Nick, "what
a very ftinny
"Do they like
their name, Dad
dyV' a*k??d Nancy.
"I Imagine so,"
Mild Daddy, "as
they always sewn
to be happy and
they can really
AlnK quite nicely
which i s more
than most ducks
They Ar? Fine
"They are also sometimes called the
Old-IJilly family, the South-southerly,
Old-lnjuu, Old-Squuw and Old-Molly
"I never heard of so many names
for one family In my life," said Nick.
"And all such very funny names,
too," said Nancy.
"They have black bills with orange
tips, and their feathers are black and
white mixed with red and silver gray.
In the winter they have not the great
long tall feathers which they have in
the summer time."
"Altogether they sound very
strange," said Nancy.
"They are not Just like the usual
kinds of ducks we see, it is true," said
"Are we going to have a story about
them?" asked the children together.
"If you like," said Daddy, "for I have
a story to tell you."
"Hurrah !" shouted the children, so
"Now Mr. and Mrs. Old-Wife could
live extremely well. In fact they were
quite expert which means very good
" 'Let's give a diving contest,' said
Mrs. Old-Wife, 'the children really
need some exercise.'
? They do Indeed,' agreed Mr. Old
Wife. So they gathered together all
the Old-Wjlfe family of ducks and they
started lii at once with their diving
competition. They were such wonder
ful divers that if seemed as if all
would win the prize. For they had a
prize of goodies to eat which Mrs. Old
Wife had selected herself for the win
ner. Mr. Old- Wife was going to give
the prize and make a speech. And
then they were to sing a little song.
"The diving kept on and from the
splashes and excitement It certainly
looked as if they were all having a
splendid time, and as If the djving
party were a great success.
" 'It looks as though no one would
win,' said Mrs. Old-Wife.
" 'It does look that way,' said Mr.
Old-Wife. 'But someone must win.
That is certain. Two can't come out
evenly as I have my speech all ar
" 'Of course, I understand,' said Mrs.
Old-Wife. 'You can't change your
speech for anyone ? and they mustn't
come out evenly. How long did you
spend over it, my dear?'
" 'A long time,' sighed Mr. Old-Wife.
'And In it I pretend that I am making
it up on the spur of the moment. It
would never do if I said something
about one winner if there were two
when I am making believe that I didn't
write my speech all out on my mud
pad with my quill pen which the Sea
Gnomes gave me for Christmas.'
" 'Well, we'll have to decide It some
way, for the speech is the most im
portant tinny, i
know that, for
before the other
Mrs. Old - Wife
families at the
we discuss how
should he edu
cated ? whether
they should have
flu* r*?irnlnr kpji
Mr. Old- Wife ZZ~
, _ . . method nil the
Seemed Surprised. Ume op whether
a little inland water method would be
good now and again. And I always
write my speech ahead. If the truth
were, known ? almost all creatures do.
It's Just pretense that they're made up
all of a sudden. We pretend to he sur
prised if we are asked to make a speech
? but we're not. Goodness no ! We'd
be far more surprised if we were not
"But just then, as luck would ha\e
it, the older ducks began to grow tired
and at last one duck seemed to be
making the finest dives of all.
" 'Time's up,' shouted Mr. Old- Wife.
'And now I will give the prize.'
" 'Speech, speech,' shouted the other
ducks. Mr. Old-Wife seemed to be
greatly surprised, and he began by
saying he didn't at all kuowi what to
say ? but he did, as we know, for he
had learned it all off by heart. But
they all loved the speech and the prize
was appreciated. And before the party
broke up, they all sang some songs."
"Teacher, what docs income meant"'
"I believe you know, if you would just
think. Now see If you caunot give a
sentence using the word correctly.""
"The boy opened the door and In
come a caK" ? Exchange.
LIBERTY LOAN FIGURES GIVEN.
Not On? of Twelve Bank District*
Hat* Subscribi-d To Its Minimum
Allotment. New York Makes Most
I a>orable Showing. San Francisco
Is Lagging Furthest Behind; In
Richmond District Only 35 Per
Cent of Maximum Allotment Sub
scribed. Last Day for Subscriptions
Falls on Flag Day.
Washington, June 10. ? Totals of
subscriptions to the Liberty Loan ag
gregating $1,300,000,000, as announc
ed Friday by Secretary McAdoo, were
made public tonight by the Treasury
Department, showing that not one of
the twelve Federal Reserve districts
has subscribed to its minimum allot
ment, although New York, with the
most fr.vorabl? showing, has nearly
reached the minimum.
In some instances the amount of
subscriptions from Federal Reserve
districts has fallen to less than one
third of the allotments. The figures
made public tonight are based upon
actual subscriptions forwarded to the
reserve banks. They follow:
New York ? Subscriptions, $588,
000,000; allotment, $G00, 000,000 to
Boston ? Subscriptions, $135,000,
000; allotment, $240,000,000 to $300,
Philadelphia ? Subscriptions, $01,
000,000; allotment, $100,000,000 to
Richmond ? Subscriptions, $35,000,
000; allotment, $80,000,000 to $100,
Atlanta ? Subscriptions, $22,000,
000; allotment, $60,000,000 to $75,
Chicago ? Subscriptions, $138,000,
000; allotment, $260,000,000 to $325,
Clevclrnd ? Subscriptions, $153,
000,000; allotment, $180,000,000 to
St. Louis ? Subscriptions, $27,000,
000; allotment, $80,000,000 to $100,
Minneapolis ? Subscriptions, $50,
000,000; allotment, $80,000,000 to
Kansas City ? Subscriptions, $34,
000,000; allotment, $100,000,000 to
Dallas ? Subscriptions, $20,000,000;
allotments, $40,000,000 to $50,000,000.
San Francisco ? Subscriptions $37,
000,000; allotment $140,000,000 to
The figures include subscriptions
which had been received through all
agencies including the banks, by Fed
eral reserve banks, at time Secretary
McAdoo made his announcement.
For Johnston County Soldiers.
The following paragraph of inter
est to Johnston County people is tak
en from an account of the proceed
ings of the Veterans Reunion at
Washington last week:
"Mrs. James Henry Parker, of New
York, has informed Col. W. B. Fort,
of Pikeville, that the James Henry
Parker Chapter of the U. D. C. of
New York, desires to furnish the
Johnston County soldiers who go to
France with kits of safety razors
and other toilet articles needed in the
"Col. Fort has taken the matter up
with the War Department and will
make the proper arrangements to
have the gift accepted."
LLOYI) GEORGE HEARS BLAST
AT 130-MILE DISTANCE
London, June 7. ? The tremendous
blasts of 1,000,000 pounds of explo
sives that opened the British attack
on Wytschaete bend were heard by
David Lloyd George, the British pre
mier, who was staying for the night
at hie residence, Walton Heath. The
plans for the attack had been long
maturing, and when the preparations
were perfected the premier was ac
quainted with the exact hour it was
intended to open it.
Accordingly, on retiring last night
Lloyd George gave orders to be call
ed at 3 o'clock this morning on the
chance of being able \o hear the ex
plosions. The premier and other mem
bers of his household clcarly heard
the tremendous detonations, as also
did persons at the premier's official
residence in London, who supposed
they were the sounds of heavy guns
until later they learned from the dis
patcher that they came from the ex
plosion of mines.
From London to the region where
the British mines were exploded
along the German front the distance
ranges from 130 to 140 miles.
How It Is.
"Not a regular reformer," replied
Senator Sorghum. "A regular re
former doesn't have to run for office
and depend on a salary. He can
make all kinds of money merely by
getting out before a crowd and tell
ing people they'd better be pood." ?
South Dakota's 1916 products were
valued at $267,222,000. Of this sum
$36,515,100 was for wheat alone.
25 Cent Books
At Special Prices
For the Next Few Days We Will
Sell Any Book in the List Be
low for 20 Cents; Any 3 Hook*
for 50 Cents; Any 7 Book*
The Boy Scouts with the Motion
The Boy Scouts of the Flying Squad
A Fool for Love.
Wallingford, by Chester.
Trolley Folly, by Phillips.
The Motormaniacs, by Osborne.
Chimes from a Jester's Bell.
.The Princess Elopes.
Four in Family.
The Fifth String, by Sousa.
Eccentric Mr. Clark.
Four Years of Fighting.
Flower Fables, by Alcott.
Camping Out, by Stephens.
Pretty Polly Pemberton.
A Modern Cinderella, by Alcott.
Bertha's Christmas Vision.
Wood's Natural History.
The Water Babies, by Kingsley.
Greek Heroes, by Kingsley.
Coming Back with the Spitball.
Poor Boys' Chances, by John Hab
The Young Editor.
Frank's Campaign, by Alger.
The Boy Scouts with the Geological
Folly in Fairyland, by Carolyn Wells.
Hospital Sketches by Alcott.
Adventures in Frozen Seas.
Left on Labrador.
Merle's Crusade by Carey.
The Boy Geologists. .. .by Housto*.
Story of John G. Paton.
Andy Grant's Pluck by Alger.
Another Year With Dennis and Ned
Moods by Mrs. Alcot.
Ruth Fielding of the Red Mill.
Charlie Codman's Cruise.
See Kings and Naval Heroes.
Friends Though Divided Henty.
In the Reign of Terror Henty.
The Lion of St. Mark Henty.
Through the Fray Henty.
LIST NUMBER ONE OF
Any book in this list for 25c., or any
four books for 90c.
Endurance Test; or How Clear Grit
Won the Day.
Under Canvas; or The Hunt for th?
Elsie Dinsmore. (3 copies).
The Motor Maids by Rose, Shamrock
Her Senator, by Gunter.
Under Two Flags, by Onida.
The Camp on the Big Sunflower.
The Rivals of the Trail.
The Strange Cabin on Catamount
Lost in the Great Dismal Swamp.
Caught in a Forest Fire.
Chums of the Campfire.
The Chouans, by Balzac.
Hans Brinker; or the Silver Skates.
Mr. Potter of Texas, by Gunter.
The Schonberg-Cotta Family.
Larry Dexter in Belgium.
Larry Dexter and the Stolen Boy.
Tales From Shakespeare.
The Bobbsey Twins at Meadow Brook.
Dora Thorne, by Braeme.
The First Violin.
LIST NUMBER TWO OF
Any book in this list for 30c.; any
two for 55c.; any three for 80c.; any
four for $1.00.
The Pioneer by Cooper
The Deer Slayer by Cooper
The Last of the Mohicans, by Cooper.
The Spy by Cooper.
Treasure Island by Stevenson.
Louise deValliere by Dumas.
Memoirs of a Physician, by Dumas.
Barrack Room Ballads, by Kipling.
Toilers of the Sea by Hugo.
Cast Up by the Sea by Baker.
The Adventures of Daniel Boone.
The Boy Scouts on Sturgeon Island.
The Boy Scouts on the Trail.
The Boy Scouts Through the Big
The Boy Scouts in the Maine Woods.
The Boy Scouts First Camp Fire.
The Boy Allies on the North Sea
The Boy Allies Under Two Flags.
The Boy Allies with the Flying
The Boy Allies with the Terror of
The Boy Allies at Liege.
The Boy Allies with the Cossacks.
Our Young Aeroplane Scouts in
The Boy Scouts on Belgian Battle
The Boy Scouts with the Allies in
The Boy Scouts at the Panutna
The Boy Scouts on ?turgeon Island.
THE HERALD OFFICE,
Smithfield, N. C.
READ "LLOYD GEORGE, THE
Man and His Story," price one do
lar. An interesting story of the life
of one who has risen from lowly
beginnings to the chief place in the
government of one of the greatest
nations in the world. Herald Office.