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AN APPEAL TO MERCHANTS.
They Are Asked to Co-Operate With
Chambers of Commerce and Busi- !
ness Associations to Create Ample
Marketing Facilities for All Agri
Raleighj June 8. ? If the present
aggressive campaign for a largely in
creased acreage and production of
food and feedstuffs in North Caroli
na is to have the permanent success
it deserves and that is demanded by
the exigencies of the situation the
farmers of the State must have ade
quate markets for corn, small grain,
beans, hay and hogs ? markets that
are on a par with the cotton and to
bacco markets. The burden and re
sponsibility of providing these mar
kets is upon the shoulders of the
business men of the cities and towns
of the State. This is a part of their
"bit" in the campaign which is intend
ed to make the South feed itself.
These are the conclusions of members
of the North Carolina Food Conser
vation Commission and other experts
and leaders here who have carefully
analyzed the situation in its many
A A ? A 1 1 ? _ TT?_
Acung upon inese conclusions, ex
ecutive Secretary John Paul Lucas of
the Commission has written to the
beards of trade, chambers of com
?*erce, merchants' associations and
?ther commercial bodies in the State
urging them to give consideration to
the matter of proper markets in
frheir respective localities without de
lay. The situation in North Caroli
na with regard to markets is describ
ed and the importance of these mar
kets stressed by Mr. Lucas, who, in
the course of his letter, says:
North Carolina is woefully lacking
in the matter of established markets
for corn, small grains, hay, peas,
beans, etc. The absence of these
markets has held back to a greater
extent than most of us realize the
movement for diversified farming
and the producing at home of all of
these products that we consume. We
cannot expect our farmers to produce
crops that they cannot sell readily
and at such a price as the buyer
would have to pay for the same prod
uct imported from the West. It is a
notorious fact that in the vast ma
jority of cities and towns in this
State the merchants have been prone
to take advantage to the utmost of
the absence of such markets, refus
ing to pay anything like a fair price
for the products and thus, uninten
tionally, holding back the agricultural
progress and prosperity of their
county and State. This is shortsight
ed policy. If our merchants will offer
the farmer a just and equitable price
for his corn, small grain, hay and
other crops we shall see wonderful
development of our agricultural in
dustry and increased prosperity not
only for our rural districts but for
our. cities and towns as well, for it
is more and more clearly demonstrat
ed that even our largest cities are
laregly dependent for their prosperity
and development upon the farming
This matter of markets demands
careful and mature consideration. For
bast results, the merchants purchas
ing the products in question should
have facilities for shelling corn,
grading corn, wheat, oats and other
small grain and for the proper hand
ling of other products. With a large
warehouse, bonded in proper form,
the financing of a huge amount of
products becomes a comparatively
easy matter as the National Banks
loan on warehouse certificate for any
Our merchants should be willing to
j?ive to the home farmer the same
price for corn or any other products
delivered at his warehouse that he is
compelled to pay for the same grade
of the Western products. And this
year, he is not going to be able to
much of the Western products.
The farmer should find it just as easy
to get a fair and stable price for his
eorn, small grain, hay, etc., as he
does for his cotton or tobacco, and
our State is not going to prosper as
it should until he does.
It is none too early to begin work- 1
ing upon the marketing proposition '
and I am sending you this reminder 1
so that you will have ample time to 1
see .that your city and community is 1
not without a proper market when it '?
is needed. I will appreciate it if you
will keep this office informed as to '
r.ny plans you may formulate and 1
sny progress you make along this '
line. Any service which we may be :
able to render will be offered gladly. 1
No Prohibition for Wisconsin.
Madison, Wis., June 7. ? There will
be no prohibition measure enacted by
the present Wisconsin legislature.
This question which since the first of
the session has been an overshadow
ing issue, was disposed of finally in
the senate today when consideration
of a bill drawn in the form the gov
ernor desired, was definitely post
Connecticut in 191G recorded 203
deaths in auto accidents.
THK JUTITKR RKACHES KRANCK | ]
fairies Across Over Ten TkMiaixl
Tous of Wheat.
The naval collier Jupiter has ar
rived in France, Secretary Daniels
announced Thursday, laden with 10,
500 tons of wheat and other supplies,
says a Washington dispatch. The ship
sailed from an American port without
any intimation of her voyage having
been given out in advance and is now
at anchor in a French port.
The Jupiter is one of the navy's
largest colliers. She was the first
electrically propelled steamer ever
built and her performance was so
good that it led to the adoption of
electric drive for all new battleships
ami battle cruisers, the American
navy being the only one in tho world
to adopt this type of propulsion. The
Jupiter was built at Mare Island navy
yard, San Francisco, and she has
high speed for an auxiliary naval
vessel which would enablo her to es
cape submarine attacks under any
but unusual circumstances.
Secretary Daniels did not specify
what supplies beside wheat the big
Management of Pasture*.
Every farmer knows the value of
good summer pasture. A great many
of our pasture lands furnish the
cheapest feed of any kind of feed
raised on tho farm, but in many in
stances the method of handling them
is such that they do not return much
profit and the land would be better
utilized to raise another crop. Last
summer, because of the drought,
pastures were eaten short and so in
jured that they had either to be re
seeded or plowed up.
Any pasture crop should be allow
ed to make a good growth in the
spring before it is pastured heavily.
One is always anxious to get the
stock on pasture in the spring as ear
ly as possible, and because of the
high price of feeds this will be de
sired more than ever this year. How
ever, the farmer with the silo with
plenty of feed in it is not so anxious
to turn his stock out to pasture; he
defies drought to force him to send
his stock to market earlier than he
We like our pastures to make a
good growth before turing in the
stock, for two reasons. First, the
new growth is not so nutritious until
it has lost its light greenish color;
it contains a great deal of water and
induces a loose condition of the bow
els. Steers pastured on it make
lighter gains than they will if fed on
silage; in fact, steers fed corn and
concentrated feeds in addition will
mako little if any gain during the
first week or so on the early short
grass. The most noticeable effect of
grass can be seen in the falling off
of milk from the dairy cows.
The second reason for allowing the
pasture to attain a good growth is
that it is able to establish itself so ,
that it will provide pasture for the ,
greatest length of time. Grasses or
legumes are tender and easily killed
out after a long winter. When con- ,
ditions in the spring are favorable (
they will grow rapidly, and a delay ;
of two or three weeks in pasturing \
will give them such a start that they .
will establish a good root system <
that later pasturing may not be in
jurious. ? Indiana Farmer. ,
VALUE OF MANURE INCREASED
With the absolute lack of potash
in all commercial fertilizers due to the
war, and the high price of nitrogen
there is the most imperative need for
not only the saving but the proper
handling of all barnyard manure. On
account of the potash it contains, ma- 1
nure may be estimated to be worth
double its normal value. We have now
had two full years of lack of potash
in commercial fertilizers and few
soils on which fertilizer is used at
all can stand two years of potash
robbing. Therefore a load of barn
yard manure which is ordinarily
worth $1 or $1.50, according to local
ity, is now worth $2 or $3. There is
no doubt about it and until we get
commercial potash manure will con
tinue to increase in value. Haul your
manure and spread it on the field as
soon as it is made. In this way there
will be practically no waste. If al
lowed to stand in piles or in the yard, j
it will fang or leach or dissipate in
i>ne way or another anywhere from
25 to 50 per cent of its value. This
s a proven fact. Manure hauled and
spread upon the field, whether it be
in mid-summer or in mid-winter,
conserves all its fertility for the soil.
There is no greater waste of fertil
ty than to pile manure and carefully
work it over from time t? time, until
it becomes "well rotted." ? Indiana
A Big List of Graduates.
The graduating class at Columbia
University, New York, last week
lumbered 2,440. This great University J
srives diplomas in practically all the ,
arts and sciences.
MANY SOLD I HUB URATV BOMDKfc
More Tbaa 2.000 States
Troup* Kn Route From Border
I'lsii ThrouRh Charlotte. Ki^ht
Train* Transport Men Front
Mcxir* Is I'muU ia Nsrtheast.
More than 2.0S* Usited States
soldier* passed through Charlotte be
tween eleven o'clock Wednesday night
and ten o'clock Thursday night, com
ing from the Mexican border, en
route to poinU in the northeast.
Shortly r/tor sieve* e'clock, ? spe
cial tram eoastsUng of twelve coach*
carricd a large number of troops.
From the* uatil S:13 o'eloek Thursday
morninf stx ether trains passed
through. Again about ten o'clock
Thursday a?ght a special running as
second thirty-eight carried about 100
negroes. 1b all ninety-seven cars
w?r? used in transporting the troops. ;
Kaeh train stopped ov?r in the city '
for several minutes, the soldiers be
ing allowed to> leave the ears and walk
about the station. They conversed
pleasantly with citizens. When they J
were asked where they were going, !
the answer was that they had no idea.
They had simply boen ordored away 1
from ths border te somewhere in the
Some of the soldiers had been on
the border for ever two years, while
others w?re raw recruits in border
service. A hnrdier and hoalthier
bunch of men could not be found.
They seemed heartily in favor of j
the steps President Wilson has taken, j,
and many expressed the hope that j
they would get to go to France, "just j
for a little excitement."
The train passing through the
nt 8-13 nVln<?1r TKurcHnv morn-!
ing remained here for thirty minutes, |
the soldiers piling out to obtain a
view of the city.
Some of the tanned protectors of J
"Old Glory" had spent a while down
in Mexico, having followed General
Pershing, for whom they all express
ed the highest regard. Some had spent
a long while in idle waiting along the j
Rio Grande, longing for the opportu
nity of going across to settle ac
counts with the "dark skinned greas
er." They all seemed glad to be
moving, and thus getting away from
tho monotonous life on the border.
Interesting experiences certain sol
diers had had were cited to idle by
standers, who watched with envy the
tough, tanned "regulars."
Shortly after ten o'clock, the train
bearing 100 negro soldiers, reached
the city. Seven cars bore them j'.nd
their baggage- from the border on ]
their way for "somewhar in da norf.'
Although perhaps tanned, as w ere j
their white mates, it could not be |
distinguished, owing to the natural
color of their skin, even under ordi
They expressed the same degree of
patriotism as did the white soldiers,
all eager and anxious to whip the
kaiser. It was a happy bunch of sol
diers; the careless "eome-whst-may"
custom of the negro being in marked |
evidence on the ebony-hued men in
It was a very unusual scene, that |
of trainload after trainload of khaki
:lad men passing through the city at
short intervals, which greatly added
to the realization that the country is
it war in the minds of those who saw
them. ? Charlotte Observer.
Why We Should Buy Liberty Bonds.
Because this is the war for an
deal, and the true battleground is the
soul of America.
Because to win we must all fight
;very man, woman and child ? since
he boundaries of this Republic are
he aspirations of its citizens, and the
.vhole nation is contained in the heart \
)f every American.
Becauso we' are soldiers, ?ne and
ill, and to be victorious we must
jive ourselves to the cause of our
?ountry which is the cause of human
ty and of the future.
Because the Liberty Bond is the ]
symbol of freedom.
Because we who stay at home may
>rove our patriotism, our enthusiasm,
>ur faith in the dream of a world
nade free from oppression.
Becausc to oversubscribe this loan
vould be to cast a veritable shower of j
;old on the altar of Liberty.
And so let us begin today. Let us
>egin with courage, with fervor, and
vith the sacred joy that belongs by
ight to a nation of freemen.
Infantile Paralysis Statistics.
In the great epidemic of infantile
>aralysis of last summer, there were
1,023 cases and 2,448 deaths in New
fork City. Newark had 1,422 cases
vith 375 deaths. Philadelphia had
!07 dex-.ths out of 1,000 cases. The
liglicst case rate per 3000 population
vas in Newark, N. J., with 3.478 per ]
Optimism isn't so much wishing
or better things as it is making the
>est of what things you have.
STAMP TAX IN RBVKN UK BILL.'
!'*o f?iU on d>efk? and Eh-afts
Over Hve Ikdkirs.
New stamp taxes of 2 cents on bank
i hecks and drafts of more than $"> to
raise from $8,000,000 to J 10,000,000
were written into the war tax bill \
Thursday by the senate finance torn- ,
m it tee. The provision would require
persons drawinjr checks and drafts
lor more than $5 to affix the stamps
so familiar during the Spanish-Amer- 1
All other documentary stamp taxes
cf the house bill, estimated to raise
?33,000,000, were adopted except
those on surety and indemnity bonds,
which were exempted. The committee '
decided, however, to reduce the house
tax of 8 cents a pack on playing
cards to 3 cents cxcept for decks
costing under 15 cents.
Consumption taxes on sugar, cof
fee, tea and cocoa vreru fixed finally
us previously announced after long
reconsidering except that the rate on
raw cocoa was reduced to 3 cents a
pound and that on prepared cocoa
and products increased to 5 cents. The
su^ar tax of half a cent a pound, 2
r?nts on eoff?<? and 5 cenU on tea
will stand. ? Washington Dispatch.
Salariee of County Superintendents.
The type of person obtainable for
the position of county superintendent
depends in part upon the salary paid.
The inr.ximum salary paid any coun
ty superintendent in the United
States is $7,500 per year; the mini
mum p;iid any superintendent devot
ing full time to the work is $250. The
average salaries by States vary
from $*5,000, paid in New Jersey to
every county superintendent, to an
average of $720, "paid in Wyoming.
There are four States in which the
average salary is leas than $1,000
per year, and three States in which
the average is more than $2,000 per
year; the average for the 40 States
is $1,400. The most common salaries
are $1,200 and $1,500. Thirty-four
per cent of the county superintend
ents receive from $1,200 to $1,500,
the gr.-ater number of these receiv
ing $1,200; 20 per cent receive $1,500
to $1,800, the greater number of
these receiving $1,500; 12 per cent re
ceive from $1,800 to $2,100; 8 per
cent receive $2,100 or over; 25 per
cent receive less than $1,200. Of the
county superintendents reporting
their srlaries to the bureau, eight
tenths of 1 per cent are receiving less
than $300 per y? ar; 2.8 per cent less
than $500 per year; and 8 per cent
less than $700 per year.
For traveling expenses superin
tendents are given a certain allow
ance in practically all States, the
amounts varying from almost noth
ing to $1,250, and the average being
about $170. About 90 per cent of the
superintendents are allowed office ex
penses; the maximum reported to
the bureau, including traveling ex
penses, is $13,900; the average
slightly less than $800. ? U. S. Bulle
More than 8,000,000 persons sub
scribed to the last English war loan. I
t is doubtful whether 1,000,000 peo- j
)le in the United States have yet sub
icribed to the liberty loan bonds. I
Presumably other bond issues will ,
ollow, and a great educational cam
>aign must be conducted if an ade- j
luate capacity for absorption is to be
In an address before an advertis
ng association in St. Louis one of the
ifficers of a New York trust company
irged the financial institutions of tho
ountry to enter upon the larger
phere of public service presented by
xisting conditions. Ho pointed to
he lack of public education in finan
ial matters. As a singlo instance of
his he cited the fact that there are
nly about . 200,000 individual invest
rs in bonds in this country, despite
ts population of 103,000,000.
The financial institutions of the
ountry have never made any sustain
d effort to broaden their investment
ase, but have been content to mar- !
et the obligations offered through
hem to institutions, estates r.nd large
ivestors. They have not instructed
he general public in matters of in
estment, nor have they cultivated
n the public the habit of thrift.
Organized effort in this direction
rill bear fruit in the absorption of
ven larger bond issues than are at
resent contemplated. The financial
nstitutions have a splendid opportu
lity to teach the American people
ow to invest their money safely and
ystematically and to organize for
hem tho methods which will make it
ossible. ? Washington Post.
The wisest men of the world are
he ones who are busiest trying to
earn what they don't know.
Milwaukee is to pay $103,036 for a
lew graded school building, owing to
0 per cent jump in cost of building
For Short While
Fancy Patent Flour
Now Is The Time to Get Yours
Some Ask $18.00
Floyd C. Price
PINE LEVEL, N. C.
An Ambition and a Record
""THE needs of the South are identical with the needs !
of the Southern Railway: the growth and success of one meant |
the upbuilding of the other. I
The Southern Railway asks no favors ? no special privilege not ?
accorded to others. ?
The ambition of the Southern Railway Company is to are thac ' ,
unity of interest that is born of co-operation betw een the public ami J ?
the railroads; to see perfected that fair and frank policy in the manage- 4 w
ment of railroads which invites the confidence of governmental ?
agencies; to realize that liberality of treatment which will enable it i
to obtain the additional capital needed for the acquisition of better and ?
enlarged facilities incident to the demand for iucrcased and better
sen ice; and. finally?
To take its niche in the body politic of the South alongside of
other great industries, with no more, but with equal liberties, equal
rights and equal opportunities.
" The Southern Serves the South."
Let us do your Job Printing --Best work
and moderate prices.
The Luzianne Guarantee:
If, after using the contents
of a can, you are not aati shed
in every respect, your gro
cer will refund your money.
]wo to One
? in duality
Yes, Ma'am; and you don't
have to take it for granted, either.
You can prove the first by taste,
and the second by arithmetic.
Buy a can of Luzianne. Use
half the quantity you ordinarily
would. If it doesn't go farther
and taste better than other coffee
at the price, tell the man who
sold it to you and he'll give you
back your money. Make no
mistake, Luzianne is great coffee
? exceeding great. Ask for
The Reily-Taylor Company, New Orleans
Latest POPULAR Novels !!
"The Road to Understanding"
by Eleanor H.- Porter $1.40
"Lydia of the Pines," by Honore Willlsie $1.40
"Limpy," the Boy Who Felt Neglected,
by William Johnson $1.35
Also one copy each of "Pollyanna," and Pollyanna
Grows Up" $1.25 each
For Sale at
HERALD BOOK STORE
Smithfifld, N. C.