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GREATEST AIR RAID OF WAR.
Made by German Aircraft Over Lon
don. Nearly 100 Killed and Over
400 Are Injured. Pershing Now In
France. American Officer and Staff
Are Greeted With Enthusiasm by
the French People. Is Proceeding
* to Paris.
The Associated Press summary of
the war news for Wednesday fol
The greatest air raid, in point of
casualties yet made over England by
German aircraft, the arrival in
France of Maj-Gen. John J. Pershing,
who is to command the American
forces on the continent and the sim
ultaneous arrival in the Russian cap
ital and at an American Pacific port,
respectively, of American and Rus
sian missions which are to discuss
matters connected with the prosecu
tion of the war, are the outstanding
features of the news of the world
war. On none of the war fronts has
there been an engagement of note
Nearly 100 persons were killed and
more than 400 injured in a mid-day
bomb-dropping raid by some 12 to
15 German airplanes over London,
particularly the east end, where live
the poorer classes of the population.
Ten of these killed and 50 of the
wounded were children in a school on
which bombs fell. A large number of
the killed or injured were women and
British aviators rose and attacked
the invaders and the sound of the
anti-aircraft guns was everywhere
heard in London, but whether the
Germans suffered any losses has not
been established. They were flying: at
a height estimated at two miles when
they approached from Essex and
flew over the channel.
General Pershing and the members
of his staff were greeted with enthu
siasm when they landed Wednesday
at Boulogne. Later the American
commander and his party proceeded
to Paris. In an address to the news
paper men, General Pershing said he
felt warranted in saying that the
United States was in the war to do
her share "whatever that share may
turn out to be, whether great or
The rrrival of the American mis
sion headed by Elihu Root in Petro
grad doubtless is the forerunner of
important happenings witji regard to
the new Russian government's fut
ure activities in the war. The aid of
the American government will be
given unstintedly to the new regime
by the mission. Aside from raiding
operations by the British troops in
France and intermittent artillery
duels between the Germans and the
French in Belgium and in the region
of Craonne there has been little ac
tivity along the French front.
Minor operations continue in the
Austro-Italian theater and in Mace
donia. The weekly British report of
vessels sunk by mines or submrines
shows the greatest number of vessels
meeting with disaster since the report
of May 6 ? 22 of more than 1,600
tons and 10 of less than 1,600 tons
each. Two vessels not included in the
British report have been spnt to the
bottom by German submarines ? the
French steamer Sequana, of 5,557
tons, and the British steamer An
glian, of 5,532 tons. The crew of
the Anglian was saved, but 190 per
sons on board the Sequana perished.
Latest Weather Summary for the
Cotton Region States.
New Orleans, La., June 14. ? It is
cooler in Oklahoma, Arkansas, and
northern Texas, with night tempera
tures ten to fifteen degrees below
normal in Oklahoma. Temperatures
were four to eight degrees above
normal during the ckry in interior
sections east of Mississippi river and
in Louisiana and southern Texas,
with night temperatures generally
Light to moderate showers in Ten
nessee, eastern and southern Alaba
ma, southeastern Louisiana, and lo
cally in southeastern North Caroli
na, southern Mississippi, and north
Locally heavy rains, Louisiana,
Amite 2.00; Melville 2.00.
NortM Carolina, Lumberton, 1.32;
Mississippi, Hazelhurst, 1.50.
Savannah district reports not re
AT THE CAPITAL OF BANNER.
Three Are Claimed by Death Dur
ing Past Week. Patriotism the
Keynote In Benson. Other Items
Benson, June 14. ? Mr. Lynn
Reaves, of Raeford, is here this week
at the home of his sister, Mrs. Nat
Mrs. P. A. Fisher left this morning
for her home in Carthage, after
spending a few days here at the home
of her daughter, Mrs. J. B. Benton.
Mr. J. R. Barbour returned last
night from WinstotwSalem and
Greensboro, where he has been on
Mrs. C. A. Flasher returned home
the first of the week, after being
away in the Western part of the
State for several weeks.
Messrs. A. V. Norris, Charles Nor
ris and Joe Norris went up to Ral
eigh Monday and spent the day* on
Dr. W. T. Martin returned this
morning form Rocky Mount, where
he has been for the past two days.
Mr. Hunter Pool has been to Clay
ton this week superintending a build
ing contract at that place.
Mr. Louis Ryals, of Durham, a
former deputy sheriff of our County,
is here for a few days on a visit to
Mr. Harvey Turlington returned
last night from Canton, N. C., accom
panied by his mother, Mrs. Jim Tur
lington, and his sister, Mrs. W. L.
Miss Mildred Parrish went up to
Raleigh Monday and spent a few
days with friends there. Mrs. Alonzo
Parrish is also visiting in Raleigh.
Miss Elsie Morgan returned the
first of the week from Atlantic
Christian College at Wilson, where
she has been for the past year.
Mr. and Mrs. M. T. Britt and son
Deleon, went down to Clinton Satur
day afternoon and spent Sunday with
relatives. Mrs. H. B. Giddens, Mrs.
Britt's mother, returned home with
TV* A A T1 1 I ? A A
ivirs. kj. /v. r>ciruuur aim sun, \j. rv.
Barbour, Jr., Miss Julia Canaday and
Miss Lillie Canaday went to Aulan
der Monday to visit at the home of
Miss Mary Coqk for a few days.
Mr. Paschal MeLamb was taken
to Wilson to a hospital Tuesday
morning for an operation for a com
plication of diseases. He is improv
Miss Callie ^Turlington lef* Tues
day morning for Greenville, N. C.,
where she will take the Teachers'
Training course during the summer
Mr. Rosco Barber, of Rocky Mount,
was here the first of the week on a
short visit to his relatives. He will
leave in a few days for France with
an engineer company.
Mr. R. P. Todd left this morning
for Garner on business matters for
the Star Manufacturing Company of
Mr. Jim Moore, an aged farmer
and citizen of Harnett County, died
at his home a few miles west of
Benson last Saturday and was buried
Sunday. He was highly respected in
his commuiity and had lived an up
At a meeting held in the Mayor's
Office in the town of Benson, Tues
day night about four thousand dollars
worth of "Liberty Loan Bonds" were
sold. The people of our city are pa
triotic, not only in money matters,
but if necessary, they are ready and
willing to go to the front in defense
of their country.
Mr. Eli Turlington and others
went down to Goldsboro Monday on a
short business trip.
Mr. Junius Barefoot, of Sampson
County, died at his home Sunday, af
ter an illness of several months. He
was an excellent farmer and stood
high in the estoom of the people of
his county. The funeral took place at
the family burying ground near his
late residence Monday afternoon.
Mr. Blackman Jernigan, who has
been sick with cancer of the stomach
for three years or longer, died at his
home three miles below Benson Fri
day and was buried Saturday after
noon. Hfr had been confined to his bed
for a long time and his death was no
surprise to his relatives. He lived in
Benson up till about six months ago
when he moved back to his farm to
ipend the remaining days of his life.
Mr. Jernigan had accumulated quite
a large amount of property by his
industry. He leaves several sons
and daughters surviving him.
REGULAR ARMY NEEDS MEN.
More Men Are Wanted and Govern
ment Appeals for 70,000 Recruits.
Two Branches Open. Many Needed
for Infantry and Field Artillery,
War Department Announcement
Washington, June 12. ? The war
department today called for 70,000
additional recruits in order to fill the
regular army to war strength before
"The >r.va1ry, engineers, coast ar
tillery, signal corps and quartermas
er corps of the regular army have
already been brought to war
strength," says an official state
ment. "Forty-five thousand recruits
are needed at once to complete the
new regiments of ^infantry and field
artillery. Twenty-five thousand addi
tional rccruits are desired at the ear
liest practicable date to fill vacan
cies in order that the war strength
of 300,000 men may be obtained.
"Facilities are in readiness for
placing these 70,000 men under prop
er training. Any delay in obtaining
this number will necessarily cause
the loss of invaluable time.
"It is the earnest desire of the war
department that 70,000 single men
between the ages of 18 and 40 who
have no dependents and who are not
engaged in professions, business or
trades vitally necessary, to the pros
ecution of the war to be enlisted in
the regular army before the 20th of
WAR REGISTRATION IS LARGE.
With Eleven States to Hear From,
Records Show 7,129,308 Have Reg
istered. Will Exceed Estimates.
Indicated Possible Exemptions
Washington, June 13. ? War regis
tration returns in 37 States indicated
that when all States have reported,
the total enrolled will cxceed census
estimates of eligibles, deducting the
600,000 men now in military and na
val service not required to register.
The provost marshal general's of
fice estimated tonight that total reg
istration in the United States will be
nearly 9,500,000, slightly more than
90 per cent of the census estimate of
10,298,000 eligibles between the ages
of 21 and 30, inclusive. Deductions in
dicated by the war department, how
ever, would reduce this census esti
mate about 21 per cent or to a little
more than 9,000,000.
With 11 more States to report, war
department records showed tonight
that 7,129,308 have registered, as
compared with census estimates of 7,
773,469 for the States reported. Of
these registered, 5,468,073 were
white, 847,852 were black, 807,868
were aliens and 94,311 were alien ene
mies. Indicated possible exemptions
Some of the states not yet reported
will show excesses over their census
estimates, according to independent
tabulations, and will help to raise the
Michigan today jumped into first
place among the Statos in proportion
of estimated eligibles actually regis
tered with 113.6 per cent.
THE WAR BUDGET HILL PASSES.
Three Pillion-Dollar Measure Pro
vides Mainly for Army and Navy
Expenditures*. As to General
Washington, June 13. ? The $.3,000,
000,000 war budget finally pot over
the last obstacle in Congress tdday
and went to the President for his
signature, which will make it law.
It appropriates the greatest sum
ever voted at one time by any legis
lative body. Its amount is greater
than the total cost of the Civil War.
The budget provides principally
for army and navy expenditures.
Aside from that feature, its most
important single provision is an ap
propriation of $750,000,000 for an
American merchant marine, to be con
structed by the shipping board un
der the direction of Major General
Goethals. At the last moment there
was a question in the senate over
whether the language which placed
General Goethals in charge of the
work had been sufficiently definite
so he could not be forced out of of
fice without consulting Congress. It
was explained that although the house
had changed the senate's languag?
in that regard, it was satisfactory to
WILSON'S MESSAGE TO RUSSIA.
As Supplied to Newspapers the Note
Hears Neither Date Nor Address.
It is From the President of the
United States and Was Delivered
to the Russian Government on
In view of the approaching visit
of the American delegation to Rus
sia to express the deep friendship
of the American people for the peo
ple of Russia and to discuss the best
and most practical means of co-oper
ation between the two peoples in car
rying the present struggle for the
freedom of all peoples to a success
ful consummation, it seems oppor
tune and appropriate that I should
state again, in the fight of this new
partnership, the objects the United
States has had in mind in entering
the war. Those objects have been
very much beclouded during the past
few weeks by mistaken and mislead
ing statements, and the issues at
stake are too momentous, too tre
mendous, too significant for the
whole human race to permit any mis
interpretations or misunderstandings,
however slight, to remain uncorrected
for a moment.
The war has begun to go against
Germany, and in their desperate de
sire to escape the inevitable ultimate
defeat those who are in authority in
Germany are using every possible in
strumentality, are making use even
of the influence of groups and parties
among their own subjects to whom
they have never been just or fair or
even tolerant, to promote a propagan
da on both sides of the sea which
preserve for them their influence at
home and their power abroad, to the
undoing of the very men they are
ine position ot America in tnis
war is so clearly avowed that no man
can be excused for mistaking it. She
seeks no material profit or aggran
dizement of any kind. She is fighting
for no advantage or selfish object of
her own, but for the liberation of
peoples everywhere from the aggres
sions of autocratic force. The ruling
classes in Germany have begun of
late to profess a like liberality and
justice of purpose, but only to profess
a like liberality and justice of pur
pose, but only to preserve the power
they have set up in Germany and the
selfish advantages which they have
wrongly gained for themselves and
their private projects of power all the
way from Berlin to Bagdad and be
yond. Government after Government
has by their influence, without open
conquest of its territory, been linked
together in a net of intrigue directed
against nothing less than the peace
and liberty of the world. The meshes
of that intrigue must be broken, but
cannot be broken unless wrongs al
ready done are undone; and adequate
measures must be taken to prevent it
from ever again being rewoven or re
it t 'I n
ui course, me imperial uerman
Government and those whom it is us
ing for their own undoing are seek
ing to obtain pledges that the war
will end in the restoration of the
status quo ante. It was the status quo
ante out of which this iniquitous war
issued forth, the power of the Impe
rial German Government within the
Empire and its widespread domina
tion and influence outside of that Em
pire. That status must be altered in
such fashion as to prevent any such
hideous thing from ever happening
We are fighting for the liberty, the
self-government, and the undictated
development of all peoples, and every
feature of the settlement that con
cludes this war must be conceived
and executed for that purpose.
Wrongs must first be righted, and
then adequate safeguards must be
created to prevent their being com
mitted again. We ought not to con
sider remedies merely because they
have a pleasing and sonorous sound.
Practical questions can be settled on
ly by practical means. Phrases will
not accomplish the result. Effective
readjustments will; and whatever re
adjustments are necessary must be
But they must follow a principle,
and that prinicple is plain. No peo
ple must be forced under sovereignty
under which it does not wish to live.
No territory must change hands ex
cept for the purpose of securing those
who inhabit it a fair chance of life
and liberty. No indemnities must be
insisted on except those that consti
tute payment for manifest wrongs
done. No readjustments of power
must be made except such as will
tend to secure the future peace of the
world and the future welfare and
happiness of its peoples.
And then the free peoples of the
world must draw together in some
common covenant, some genuine and
practical co-opcration that will in ef
fect combine their force to secure
peace end justice in the dealings of
nations with one another. The broth
erhood of mankind must no longer
be a fair but empty phrase; it must
be given a structure of force and
reality. The nations must realize
their common life and effect a work
able partnership to secure that life
against the aggressions of autocratic
and self-pleasing power.
For these things we can afford to
pour out our blood and treasure. For
these are the things we have always
professed to desire, and unless we
pour out blood and treasure now and
succeed, we may never be able to
unite or show conquering force again
in the great cause of human liberty.
The day has come to conquer or sub
mit. If the forces of autocracy can
divide us they will overcome us; if
we stand together, victory is ccrtain
and the liberty which victory will se
cure. We can afford then to be gener
ous, but we cannot afford then or now
to be weak or omit any single guar
antee of justice and security.
WOOD ROW WILSON.
HIGH NEWSPRINT PAPER PRICE.
Federal Trade Commission After
Pooling Scheme to Insure Equit
able System. Agency Would Fix
Washington, June 13.? Announcing
failure of its plan to relieve the
newsprint paper situation r^id predict
ing panic prices unless the govern
ment steps in, the federal trade com
mission today asked Congress to au
thorize a government pooling scheme
to insure both rn equitable distribu
tion of the product to consumers and
a fair profit to manufacturers. Under
the new plan all producing plants
would be operated on government
account and a federal agency would
be created to set a fair price and
create fair distribution. The Ca
nadian government would be asked to
create a similar agency to act jointly
with officials in this country in dis
tributing the big Canadian output. If
such a Canadian agency were created
all importations into the United
States would be under government
supervision. The recommendation is
the outcome of months of investiga
tion by the commission which under
took the inquiry in response to a
Only legislation along the lines rec
ommended can avert now a very se
rious rise in pricts, it is declared, the
prospect being that the 1917 output
will cost consumers $105,000,000 in
stead of $70,000,000, as last year,
with half the increase representing
additional manufacturer's profits.
The commission hopes for action on
its recommendations at this session
of Congress as it regards the situa
tion facing publishers as a war emer
gency requiring speedy relief meas
The commission also submitted to
the senate a report which showed
that book paper manufacturers have
made enormous profits within the
Book paper prices, the report
shows, rose in 1916 as high as 84 per
cent above the prices of 1915.
Weather Summary for Cotton Belt.
Washington, I). C., June 13. ?
Heavy rainfall in the northern, but
little or none in southeastern and
southwestern cotton States where
rain is greatly needed.
Temperature was mostly above
Cotton improved in central, north
ern and western districts except a
few localities where it is flooded. It is
making slow growth in extreme south
where it is too dry, the stand being
generally small, especially early
planted. Late planted is making best
advance, squares forming and plants
blooming in southern sections.
Drougth is affecting corn, meadows,
pastures, citrus fruits, truck crops,
sugar cane, and setting sweet pota
toes in extreme south. Rice and to
bacco made good growth generally.
THE NEWS IN CLAYTON.
Home of Mr. A. Poole Is Saddened
by the Death of Little Lucile. "The
Call of the Flag" Given at Graded
School Auditorium- Many Per
sonal Items of Interest.
Clayton, June 13. ? Miss Lynette
Porter, of Greensboro, spent the
past week-end here.
Mrs. Gila Holmes, of Benson, was
here a few days this week, being
called here by the death of her grand
child, little Lucile Poole.
Mr. J. M. Beaty, of Smithfield, was
in town for a few hours Monday.
Mr. J. H. Pridgen, of Selma, was
here one day this week on business.
Mr. I). H. McCullers went to Ral
Mrs. S. M. Spence and Mrs. I. S.
Bagwell spent Wednesday in Raleigh.
Professor I. L. Duncan left Wed
nesday for Chapel Hill to attend the
Mrs. Theodore Best, of Chapel Hill,
spent several days recently visiting
Messrs. J. G. Edwards and Joe
Wmitaker, of Franklinton, spent a
few hours here Sunday.
Mrs. M. G. Gulley and Mrs. E. R.
Gulley went to Lillington Tuesday to
visit relatives there.
Miss Mildred Poole is visiting
friends in Mt. Olive this week.
Mrs. O. G. Smith is visiting rela
tives at Southern Pines this week.
Mrs. W. R. Smith and children are
spending a few days here with their
parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Gulley.
Miss Carrie Austin, of Wildwood
Farm, near Garner, spent a few days
this week here with friends.
Dr. and Mrs. O. L. Bass returned
Saturday night from their bridal
tour. For the present they will make
their home here.
Mrs. J. M. Austin is visiting friends
On last Saturday night about the
hour of seven o'clock, the death an
gel entered the home of Mr. A. Poole,
about two miles from town, and bore
to the great beyond their baby child.
To know this child Lucile, was to
love her. She was two years and two
months old, and had only been sick
for a few days when the hour of
x ut'stucijr cvvrxiiiiK uiuut'u
School auditorium the play "The Call
of the Flag," was presented. This
play was given commencement by
the Senior Class, free of charge. A
full house attended and by request
this play was repeated and an admis
sion of fifteen and twenty-five cents
charged for the benefit of the new
piano for the Baptist church. A
nice little sum was realized and ev
ery one enjoyed the play. Between
acts, music was furnished by Mrs. J.
T. Talton at the piano and Mr. West
rope, the violin.
Miss Matilda Jones, of Fremont, is
visiting her sister at the K. of P.
Home this week.
WEEKLY U-BOAT TOLL 38 SHIPS.
Aggregate of Victims of Submarines
Greatest of Any Week for a Month
Past. Heavy Totals in April.
London, June 12. ? The weekly ship
ping report issued by the admiralty
to-day states that 22 British mer
chantmen of more than 1,600 tons
were sunk. Ten merchantmen of less
than that tonnage also were sunk, to
gether with six fishing vessels.
This week's figures show a consid
erable increase in submarine activ
ity as compared with recent weeks.
Last Wednesday's statement reported
a total of only 23 vessels sunk
against the 38 now announced. The
aggregate is the largest of any for a
month past. Last week only 15 ves
sels of more than l,f>00 tons were
sunk and three of less than that ton
nage. The figures of submarine sink
ings began to show a falling off ear
ly in May from the heavy totals of
April, when during one week, that
which ended on April 22, 40 vessels
of more than 1,600 tons were sunk,
and 15 of smaller tonnage. During
the week which ended May 6th the
total of the larger merchantmen sent
to the bottom fell to 24. For each of
the three following weeks the total
vessels of the larger class stood as
18, while the number of smaller
craft sunk each week was covered by
single figures. Last week the mini
mum for the entire period since Feb
ruary was struck.