North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
THE SMITHFIELO HERALD
Published Every Tuesday and Friday.
BEATY & LASS ITER
Editors and Proprietors,
Smithfield, N. C.
RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION:
Caah in Advance.
Oue year, $1.50
Fight Month*. 1.00
Six Months. .75
Three Months. .40
Entered at the Post Office at Smith
field, Johnston County, N. C., as
SENATE VOTES 1'ROIIIBITION.
Wednesday the United States Sen
ate wmt on recotf' for National pro
hibition by passing a resolution to
submit a prohibition amendment to
the Federal Constitution to the
States. The measure required a two
thirds majority, and got more than
that, the vote being fir to 28. Twelve
Democrats and eight Republicans vot
ed against the measure. The vote for
it was 36 Democrats and 21) Repub
The measure now goes to the House
where its friends claim it will have
the necessary two-thirds majority.
WORK OF EXEMITION BOARDS.
The work of the exemption boards
is now very heavy. The men com
prising these boards have been called
on to perform an unpleasant and un
desirable duty. Their government's
call to them is an honor and a duty
that no patriotic citizen should . hirk.
They are meeting this duty nobly.
They have now sent out the first calls
for the men who registered under the
Selective Draft Law to appear before
them. They have a solemn duty to
perform. The government has laid
down the rules and they will have to
abide by them, and it is the duty of
every man called before them to do
the best he can to make their burden
as light as possible. They do not
wish to send any man to the war. But
the government has called for sol
diers and laid down certain rules for
exemption and if a man has no
grounds for exemption covered by
the rules, he will have to go. Let cv
try man who has received a noticu
this week to appear before the hoards
answer the call like a man. It will
not do to try to pet out of it. Uncle
Sam will not deal leniently with
slackerr., so it is best to march up
like a man, and if one must go to
France to fight the battles for world
liberty, let him go like a hero. Many
from this section have already en
listed in the service and arc now in
training and hundreds more will be
in training soon.
It is the duty of every good citizen
to do what he can to encourage every
man who is called before the bonrds
to answer the call and present him
self on the day he is asked to attend.
Johnston has never been found lag
ging in times of need and she will not
be found lagging now.
Exemption for- Scientific Students.
Dr. P. P. Claxton, United States
Commissioner of Education, has
written a letter to President W. C.
Riddick, of the State A. & E. Col
lege, giving the views of the War
Department in regard to the placing
of scientific students on the same
basis as workers in the industries
which are devoted to the manufact
ure of war material. It -is suggested
that Presidents of colleges may urge
the exc-mption of students who give
promise of special aptitude for the '
technical and scientific professions
until they have finished their courses
FILING EXEMPTION CLAIMS.
j No exemption claims can be filed
before the local boards until the reg
istrants are called before the boards.
Those desiring exemption will have
to make out their claims on blanks
furnished them when they present
themselves before the boards for
A TIME TO BE CAREFUL.
There is an idea getting to be prev
alent in some quarters that Uncle
Sam has no right to send soldiers out
of the United States to fight in the
war, that it is not constitutional. The
Constitution gives the President and
Congress the power to carry on war
whenever and wherever it becomes
necessary. If this power is given to
the President and Congress by the
Constitution then that power is not
limited to our own land but the right
is given to carry on the war even to
the ends of- the earth if necessary.
People who are trying to discourage
young men from answering the call
of the country on the ground that
the country has no right to carry
them to a foreign shore are dealing
in dangerous things and unless they
are careful they will be surprised
some day by being hailed before a
United States court to Rtiswcr for
their language. Tiie only safe course
to pursue in a time like this is for one
to keep his mouth shut and attend
to his own busineia.
FOOD HILL NEARLY READY.
Four weeks late and the country
still at the mercy of thu food sharks
who manipulate the produce markets
for their own profit regardless of
what the consequences are to others.
The President hoped to have had the
Food Control bill in operation a
month ago. hut the talkers in the
Senate had to talk and talk. For sev
eral days the measure has been in
conference, the conferees fighting
over two or three important sections.
The Senate wanted a f*>od committee
instead of a food dictator. The House
conferees won by getting this stricken
out. The Senate contended for a
congressional committee on war ex
penditures but finally yielded Wed
nesday and this was stricken out
Both these features were objection
able to the President. It is expected
that the conference report will be ac
c? pted and the bill enacted into law
some time next week.
THE HEAT W WE.
Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday
a terrific heat wave swept over the
country. The deaths in New York had
reached 115 Wednesday night, while
hundreds of others wero prostrated.
Press dispatches show (58 deaths in
Philadelphia, .T2 in Chicago, 24 in
Pittsburgh and several in other big
cities. The thermometer reached 98
in New York Wednesday and 94 in
Loaning to Our Allies.
The United States has emphasized
its faith in the Russian government
by extending it n further credit of
This is the second Russian credit,
the first, for $100, 000,000 having been
established soon after the United
States entered the war. It is under
stood most of the $100,000,000 al
ready has been spent for railroad
supplies and that much of the $75,
000,000 will be used in the same
An additional credit of $(>0,000,000
to France also was authorized Mon
day by Secretary McAdoo, bringing
the total advanced to all the allies up
to $1,523,000,000, or more than half
of the $.1,000,000,000 authorized by
The first loan was made April 25
and the total loaned represented ad
vances made by this government in
less than three months.
The efficiency of typhoid vaccina
tion as a means of rendering immuni
zation to typhoid fever has again
been tested. This time it was by the
health department * of New York
City. According to figures given out
by that department, 8,101 persons
had been directly exposed to this
disease and only 534 of the number
accepted the immunizing treatment,
receiving two or three doses. This
left a remainder of 7,567 who either
> i * ?
refused to become immunized or re
ceived the first dose only. Of the
534 who took the immunizing treat
ment, not one contracted typhoid
fever, but of the 7,567 who did not
take the treatment, 161, or over 2
per cent, took fever.
Christian Science Monitor.
In every northern country, the
world round, al>out now, when the
hay harvt t is just beginning, in full j
swing, or just over, gra. s is very
much in the air, in every meaning of
that phrase. Next to trees or rivers,
or, indeed, one might .??y, equally
with th *m, gra.-s is one of the best
loved things in nature. The trees ov
? And, 11m grass beneath our f?et,M
and tli<- vatcri of the river, running ,
through a good land, have conjured
up, for the men of many ages, visions (
of rest, peace, and plenty.
The average man, of course, has /
his own views about grass. For the
vast majority of people it is essential
ly juBt something good to see. They
know nothing of the inwardness of ,
the farmer's view, and still less of
the tremendous difficulties of the bot- ;
am t, who never yet has quite decided j
what is grass und to hat it is not.
Sufficient for him that he sees it
spread out like a cloth of green vel
vet, all glistening with dew in the
early morning sun, or gratefully ,
walks over it past bush and brier,
along some river bank, or, from a
high placc, sees it stretching over
valley nnd hill until lost in the mists
.of a distant horizon. '
To the traveler with an eye to see
and a herrt to understand, there is j
something peculiarly welcome about '
grass, just as there is something pe
culiarly welcome about the stones on
the seashore. In most lands they are
much the same. He may have left
? * ? * ? * ? ,i
cverytning else ramiiiar some thous
ands of 1 (Hp ues behind him. lie may 1
walk through a land of strange |
houses and strange people speaking (
a strange language, hut, if he will go |
down on to the seashore, he is al- (
most sure of finding, somewhere, the
.sme familiar stones, all sizes, all
shapes, and, when wet and glistening (
from the ebbing tide, all colors. So it
m with grass. Amidst many unfamil
iar sights and sounds, he will be sure,
among the grasses of the field or by
the roadside, to come across many old
familiar friends. Even if he has nev
er learned to know them by name, j
they will strike "kindly familiar" on
his eye ? meadow foxtail, cocksfoot, (
rough meadow grass, and dog grass, ?
or that grass wherewith he was wont,
at one time, to decide his future. He
will recall, maybe, more than one hot ,
summer day and more than one
grassy bank, and the supreme contest
of telling off the little green seed pods
to the refrain ?
Rich man, poor man,
and so' on to "impossible degrada
tions." Then he could, of course, de
cide, just as readily, by the same
means, the question of clothing. Ar.d
what alternatives they were!
That is straying far afield, maybe, t
Still, it begins and ends with grass.
It is one of the nearer views; but in
its wider expanses, perhaps the most
welcome lecollection many a traveler
will have is that of first discerning ;
the gr^en grass when he is coming ;
home by way of the sea. "All hills <
look green at a distance" never was i
a true proverb. At any rate, it de- t
pends on the distance; for all lands, <
whether hill or plain, when seen from (
the sea, at a distance, look pray. Just i
a hazy cloud at first, on the horizon, i
gaining ever in distinctness, until cliff ]
and hill stand out clear-cut against i
the sky. Then, gradually, the gray
lightens, and takes on a greenish
tone, until at. last, there is no longer
any doubt about it, and the grass is
in possession. But then, there is no
end to the recollection which grass
supplies to no end of people. The tall,
waving gri ss of the prairie; the thick,
lush gr; ss of the mountain valleys
of Switzerland; the bolls and tufts
of the Russian steppes; the green
carpet of the college "squad;" the
brown carpet of the South African
veldt, and the rough russet over-all
of a Scottish highland, are all "dear
and kind" to many people.
Six of 12 units which make up tin
plate mills of Bethlehem Steel Cor
poration at Sparrow Point began op- <
erations Friday. The 12 mills, said |
to cost $2,000,000. will have a capac- ;
ity of 1,000,000 boxes of 100 pounds c
"It has been demonstrated, for ex
ample, that chronic infection in a
tonsil or an abscess at the root of a
tooth mr.y be, and frequently is, the
source from which an articular
rheumatism or an acute valvular dis
ease of the heart has its origin."
Winston Spcncer Churchill was r-1- '
elected n member of -the English
House of Commons Monday, defeating <
Edmund Scrvmgeour. Perhaps his op- <
ponent's name was not appealng to
NEARLY W HOLE WORLD IN W AR
Sixteen Nations at War With the
Germans; Population 993.157,
000 Against 136,572,000.
( Washington Post.)
Sixteen nations are now at war
ivith Prussia and her allies, Austria,
Bulgaria and Turkey. Austria began
the conflict by declaring war on Ser
bia on July 28, 1914. Prussia, which
ha;l instigated the war, formally de
clared hostilities on August 1. Turkey
entered on November 3, 1914, and
Bulgaria dfllicd with both sides until
October 4, 1915, finally joining the
Ge manic combination. The allies
enter d the wr.r in the following or
Jer, the table showing the ru.'.me of
the state, date of entry in the war
and population, including colonial
Serbia, July 28 4,547,000
Rus.-ia, August 1 175,137,000
France, August 3 87,429,000
Belgium, August 4 22,571,000
Great Britain, August 4.. 439,959,000
Montenegro, August 7... 51GJOOO
Japan, August 23 73,807,000
Italy, May 23 37,398,000
San Marino, June 2 12,000
Portugal, March 10 15,208,000
Rumania, August 27 7,508,000
United States, April 6.. 113,168,000
Cuba, April 8 2,500,000
Panama, April 9 427,000
Greece, July 16 4,821,000
Siam, July 22 8,149,000
The following countries, although
they have not declared wrr, have
broken off relations with Germany
this year on the dates given, the ta
ble also showing their population:
China, March 18 320,650,000
Brazil, April 9 24,618,000
Bolivia, April 13 2,890,000
Costa Rica, April 26.... 431,000
Guatemala, April 28.... 2,003,000
Liberia, May 10 1,800,000
Honduras, May 18 562,000
Santo Domingo, June 17 710,000
Total I... 353,664,000
Austria, July 28, 1914 49,882,000
Germany, August 1, 1914 80,661,000
Turkey, November 3, 1914 21,274,000
Bulgaria, October 4, 1915 4,755,000
At w.r with Germany.. 993,157,000
Relations broken 353,664,000
Germanic allies 156,572,000
Neutral world ;. 188,358,000
World's population 1,691,751,000
Preaching at Little Creek.
Elder W. A. Simpkins, of Raleigh,
will prcach at Little Creek Primitive
Baptist church next first Sunday af
rnoon at 3 o'clock, Aujrust 5, 1917.
Everybody is invited to attend.
As to the value of anti-typhoid
iccine, the war in Europe has sup
plied a test on an enormous scale,
tnd there has been no divergence of
>pinion as to its use or efficiency at
;ny time. As a matter of fact, its
llicicncy has been so well establish
ed in Europe that many States or
'ountries, Galicia, for instance, has
nade its use compulsory for her en
tire population. Germany says she
has given it to millions with no se
Notice small cuts in your casings.
Have ihcm Vulcanized before they
levelop in larger ones, save tiro ex
pense and mileage. All work guar
anteed ? Ccsing and Tubes. Tires re
ceived by express will be returned in
!4 hours. Prices reasonable. Give us
[ trial is all we ask.
Clayton. N. C.
FIFTY FARMS FOR SALE.
Wanted ? Buyers for fifty good to
L>acco, cotton, fruit and grain
frrms. Will sell on good terms.
Sood roads, good water and a healthy
rommunity. Write me your wants.
A. G. MARTIN.
Carthage, Moore County, N. C.
Put It Up To The Cook !!!
A bill of Groceries from our house puts it squarely up to the
cook. There can be absolutely no excuse for a poor dinner pre
pared from Groceries purchased from us.
NOURISHING FOODS were never more necessary than at
this time, when you need to conserve every ounce of your strength.
Our MEATS are rich and wholesome.
Our VEGETABLES are fresh.
Our FLOUR is the very best on the market.
Every article of food in the house is selected with care anc* an
eye to the health of our customers.
Every purchase you make is the essence of wisdom in Gro
cery buying ? it is the acme of possible economy.
Smilhfield, N. C.
Plant Turnip Seed
If you Want the Best Turnip Seed
That Money C an Buy
The Oldest and Best Seedsmen
in Johnston County
HOOD BROS. |
On the Square! Smithfield, N. C. |
Tobacco Pack Houses
and their contents will form one of the tobacco
farmers biggest assets until the tobacco can be
marketed. Let us give you protection on this
tobacco for three or four months until i: is sold.
We will give you a fire insurance policy covering
it at a small cost, and with the present high prices
you can't afford to carry the risk. Write or
telephone us for rates.
Selmet Insurance, Loan & Trust Co.
W. L. STAN CI L. Manager
Phone 76 - Selma, N. C.
A BIG SUPPLY
of Flour, Corn, Oats, Shipstuff, Molasses Feed, Eeef
Pulp, Meat and a general line of choice and Fancy Gro
ceries, always in stock. When you come to town again,
buy a gallon of my good Molasses, and you will be pleased.
3. O. T urnage
Smithfield, N. C.
Bring me your Hams, Chickens and Eggs.
Latest POPULAR Novels !!
"Lydia of the Pines," by Honore Willlsie $1.40
"Limpy," the Boy Who Felt Neglected,
by William Johnson $1.35
Also one copy each of "Pollyanna," and Pollyanna
Grows Up" $1.25 each
For Sale at
HERALD BOOK STORE
Smithfield, N. C.