North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
Men Resisting the Draft Face
Court-Martial For Desertion
Those Called For Service Are Under Military Laws
And Must Obey Accordingly.
RESISTANCE IS FUTILE NOW.
Those Who Try It Will be Caught
,?d Dealt With as De-erter. m
Time of War. Ruling by General
(rowder. Draft Registers Stand
Virtually No Chance of Escape.
Washington, Aug. A.-*****?*
men v ho resist the Selective Draft
law facc military court martial for
desertion and the possibility of exec
ution for desertion in time of war.
The whole military and civil power of
the Federal government and the civil
power of the States, cities or counties
will be employed to bring them to
book. . .
Bickett Reports Draft I lots.
This was announced in a formal
statement tonight by Brigadier Gen
eral Crowder, provost marshal gen
eral, in response to reports froin
North Carolina, Georgia and Oklaho
ma, of anti-drft disturbances. As yet
the power of the Federal government
has not been invoked by the governors
of the three StateB nor by the agents
of the Departments of Justice. The
only official notice received in Wash
ington of the disturbance was a tele
gram from the Governor of North
Carolina saying that the registered
men of two townships in that State
might refuse in body to comply with
the summons for examination.
No official word came from Okla
homa, where the most serious situa
tion prevails. It was believed the gov
ernor is confident that order can be
restored without military aid. There
will be no hesitation, however, in em
ploying Federal troops if they are
General Crowder's statement for
mulated after conference with officials
of the Justice Department, follows:
Too Late to Resist Now.
"Press reports and other advices
indicate that in one or two separated
districts, individuals misinformed as
to the purpose of the law and mis
guided as to its results, are threaten
ing forcible resistance to the draft.
"There is nothing to resist at this
stage in the execution of the law. All
persons between the ages of 21 and
30 inclusive, have been enrolled for
military service. A preliminary call
has gone forth to some such persons,
but the immediate and actual objcct
of this call is merely to provide an
opportunity for such persons, or for
some one else in respect of them to
present to the government reasons
why they should not be finally order
ed to report for military duty.
Under Military Laws.
"If cuch persons do not appear and
present these reasons, they h"r? sim
ply neglected to take advantage of
an opportunity that was offered sole
ly for their benefit. The failure of per
sons to take advantage of this op
portunity does not interfere with the
raising of the army and interests the
government only as a punishable
crime of omission. If they do not de
sire to make any such claims or, if
for any other reason they fail to ap
pear, their names are automatically
posted as having been called and not
exempted or discharged. Automatical
ly, also, they are inducted into the
military service and made subjivt,
to military law. Failure to appear
merely hastens the automatic process.
Desertion a Capital Offense.
? "When the time allowed for making
these claims has elapsed, these per
sons will be enrolled as in the mili
tary service. They will then be or
dered to appear as soldiers. From this
point on, they will be under the
swift and summary procedure of court
martial. Failure to report for military
duty when ordered to do so consti
tutes desertion. Desertion in time of
war is a capital offense. Deserters
may be apprehended by either civil
or military authority and, after the
mandate of the Federal government
has gone forth, the whole strength of
the military arm of the government
is available to apprehend deserters if
it is necessary to use such force.
"Demonstrations against local
boards are simply futile strokes in
the air. All the records necessary to
hold such persons are already on file
at state headquarters and at the Na
tional capital and since local boards
have no occasion to use any force in
simply offering a beneficial opportu
nity to registered persons, there is no
field for resistance. If resistance is
attempted later when the army seeks
f to apprehend deserters, it will in
r stantly encounter troops of the Fed
r era] government."
In practice, under General Crow
der's contraction of the law, rcgis
tered men who do not appear for ex
amination will be posted to the dis
trict boards as selected for military
service as soon as the five-day period
allowed them to put in an appearance
after they have been summoned, has
Two days more will elapse after
their names reach the district board
to await appeal action by the indi
vidual. They will then be posted to
the adjutant general of the State as
selected to fill the quotas cf their dis
No Chance of Kscape.
Orders for the mobilization of the
selected men will be given some
time during the present month. If the
resister fails to obey that order, he
will be set /lown as absent without
leave and the machinery of the army
will be set in motion to bring him in.
In addition, all state and municipal
police authorities and all United
States marshals will be used to appre
hend hirn. When it is clear that he is
wilfully absenting himself with no
intention of reporting to the army, a
charge of desertion will be placed
against him. From that time on, any
civil officer who arrests him will earn
a reward of $FiO.
If found guilty by court martial
of desertion, the individual may be
sentenced to death and only the Pres
ident save him from punishment.
MOVEMENTS IN GRAIN PRICES.
Yielding in All Cereal* Followed by
Renewed Advances. Rains
Following the yielding tendencies
noted early last week, grain prices
again turned sharply upward and the
closing out of the July wheat delivery
in Chicago sent that position up to
$2.74, belated covering by shorts ex
plaining the advance. Afterwards,
however, the trend in prices was
downward and from its final figure
of 2.29 last Saturday the September
option receded to $2.15, though it rose
again on Thursday to $2.31. But the
situation in this cereal, as frequently
stated, remains artificial by reason of
the restriction on speculation. News
of the week regarding the crops was
rather mixed, and some apprehension
of damage was caused by the exces
sively high temperatures. Not a few
reports, on the other hand, told of
improvement, and good rains in the
Northwest have helped spring wheat,
though Snow's most recent estimate
indicates a loss in yield. Yet this is
offset by the indicated gain in win
As in wheat, prices of corn yield
ed for a time, and favorable crop
news had not a little to do with the
reaction. Breaking of the prolonged
drought in Kansas, and rains in other
States, have done much to improve
the outlook, and, while the intense
heat of the present week raised fears
as to damage. Snow's prediction was
for more than 3, 0(H), 000 ,000 bushels.
Yet during Thursday's session
strength again developed, the market
apparently having become in an over
sold position. As illustrated the re
straints on speculation, the Chicago
Board of Trade, at a meeting held
this week, decided to stop all future
operations in the September corn de
livery. The settling price was fixed at
$1.65. ? Dun's Review, Aug 4th.
Wanted at Camp Greene.
Captain R. B. Rollinson, the camp
quartermaster at Camp Greene, is
asking for bids on the following
quantities of supplies, bids to be op
ened August 15, or as soon thereaf
ter as troops arrive. Those desiring
to bid may obtain the necessary blank
forms from the camp quartermaster.
Alexander House, Camp Greene: 20,
000 cords of wood, 30,000 pounds print
butter, 14,000 pounds yeast, 2,000,000
pounds beef, fresh, 50,000 gallons
gasoline, 30,000 gallons mineral oil,
100.000 gallons crude oil, 10,000
pounds bone black, 5,000,000 pounds
ice, 500,000 pounds blacksmith coal,
1,800,000 pounds lime, 2,000,000
pounds potatoes, 500,000 pounds on
ions, 10,000,000 pounds hay, 7,800,000
pounds oats, 2,400,000 pounds straw,
1,200,000 pounds bran. The above
amounts cover what will approxim
ately be required for a period oi three
months. ? Charlotte Observer.
FREE OF CHARGE.
Any adult suffering from cough,
cold or bronchitis, is invited to call
at the drug store of Creech Drug Co.,
and get absolutely free, a sample
bottle of Boschee's German Syrup, a
soothing and healing remedy for all
lung troubles., which has a successful
record of fifty years. Gives the pa
tient a good night's rest free from
coughing, with free expectoration in
the morning. Regular sizes, 25 and
75 cents. For sale in all civilized
countries. ? Adv. -
MAY DRAFT POSTAL EMPLOYES.
The** Are Subject To Service in Ar
my. Exemption* Hill be Attked Op
ly for Qualified Distributor* of ?
Mails. The Depart ment'a Kulip
Steps Are Taken to Keduce Num
ber of Exemptions Because of De
A Washington dispatch of August
A ruling today by the Postofficc De
partment shows that department offi
cials will make few requests for the
exemption of postal employes from
military service. Postmasters are in
structed not to ask for exemption for
carries or laborers or for clerks in
second-class offices below the $1,000
grade, clerks in first-class offices be
low $1,100 grade, or any above these
grades unless they are qualified dis
tributors of mail.
The ruling is the first formal ac
tion by an executive department in
compliancc with President Wilson's
order directing that department offi
cials indicate exemptions and that
the requirement of indispensibility be
rigidly enforced. As generally con
structed the postal ruling shows the
purpose of the administration to make
the government departments lead
ers in freeing valuable employes for
The entire mail carriers force,
numbering thousands of men of
whom a considerable percentage are
within the draft age limits, is excluded
from exemption unless for physical
reasons or because they have depend
ent families. Every portion of the
country is reached by the ruling as
even the rural carriers are included.
The department's ruling in regard
to clerks leaves railway mail clerks
within the exemption class, as they
are highly specialized distributors.
Provost Marshal General Crowder
took r.teps today to reduce the num
ber of exemptions because of depend
ent families. Instructions were sent to
the governors of all States pointing
out that the minimum pay of soldiers
is now $30 a month and that local
boards must consider whether a man's
dependents could be supported on
that amount. The telegram follows:
"Please call attention of local
boards to the fact that a soldier's
pay is not less than thirty dollars a
month and that all clothing, subsis
tence, medical treatment and housing
are furnished him. Under the law
he may allot any portion of his pay
to a dependent. Many soldiers receiv
ing thirty dollars a month are easily
able to allot twenty-five dollars
monthly to the support of depend
ents. In case of death in line of duty,
the government will pay to the bene
ficiary designated by the soldier six
"Section four of the selective ser
vice act provides that those in a status
with respect to persons dependent
upon them for support which renders
their exclusion or discharge advisable
may be discharged, but it does not re
quire that they shall be discharged in
all sucr cases. The discretion of local
boards is invoked by this provision
and such boards may well take the
facts recited above into consideration
in deciding claims for discharge due
to dependency with a view to deter
mining whether as a mater of fact,
the person claiming such discharge
will not be in as good or better po
sition to support his dependents af
ter selection for military service than
he was before. If such is the case, of
course, the discharge should not be
Miss Florence Fitzgerald is visit
ing at her father's, Mr. H. Fitzger
Miss Sadie Bagley has just return
ed from a visit to relatives in Pem
broke, N. C.
Miss Belva Loekwood Batten visit
ed Miss Flossie Thomas, of Wilson's
Mills this week.
Mr. and Mrs. A. Fitzgerald
spent Wednesday in Raleigh.
Mrs. Jno. W. Aycock and children,
of Rocky Mount, are spending this
week with Mrs. B. L. Aycock.
Miss Jessie Rose, of Wallace, N. C.,
is visiting Mrs. Robert Fitzgerald.
Mrs. P. H. Jones, of Goldsboro,
spent a few days this week with her
parents, Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Batten.
Miss Otha May Long, of Dillon, S.
C., is visiting Mr. and Mrs. H. R.
Rev. J. T. Collier and little daugh
ter, Rada, are visiting in Petersburg,
Va., this week.
Mrs. Hattie Strickland and daugh
ter, Miss Cisneros, have returned to
their home in Rocky Mount, after
spending a few Ays here with Mrs.
Misses Myrtle and Lucile Owen, of
Stantonburg, N. C., spent a few days
recently with their sister, Mrs. S. C.
Batten, being called here on account
of the death of their little fourteen
months old baby.
Of 30,000 cotton mill operatives in
New Bedford, 1,000 have already
gone into military or naval service.
Do You Need Any
I If So, Send or Phone
Us Your Order NOW
If you believe in home
trade ? in a home newspaper
? in boosting your town ?
advertise in this paper
We can also do your job
work quickly and satisfactorily
To the man that is forty who has
made moderation in all things his
rule, life has only well begun and
fame is still possible. The best
things in a man's life usually come
to him after the age of forty.
Commencing Sunday, July 8th, the
Atlantic Coast Line will inaugurate a
through sleeping car line between
Wilmington and Asheville, via Flor
ence, Sumter and Columbia, in connec
tion with the Southern Railway Sys
tem, upon the following daily sched
LV. Wilmington 3:45 P. M.
LV. Chadhourn 5:30 P. M.
AR. Florence 7:30 P. M.
LV. Florence 7:55 P. M.
LV. Sumter 9:25 P. M.
AR. Columbia 10:50 P. M.
LV. Columbia 11:50 P. M.
AR. Spartanburg.... 3:20 A. M.
AR. Tryon 4:50 A. M.
AR. Saluda 5:15 A. M.
AR. Flat Rock 5:35 A. M.
AR. Hendersonville 5:50 A. M.
AR. Asheville 7:00 A. M.
Returning: leave Asheville 4:10 P.
M., arrive Florence 8:45 A. M., ar
rive Wilmington 12:50 Noon.
This Sleeping Car Service, which
will be operated until Sept. 16th, will
afford comfortable accommodations
for passengers visiting the Mountains
of North Carolina.
The old established through sleep
ing car line between Wilmington and
Atlanta will be continued via Augus
ta, in connection with the Georgia
Railroad, upon the following sched
LV. Wilmingtton ....3.45 P. M.
LV. Florence 7:55 P. M.
LV. Sumter 9:30 P. M.
AR. Orangeburg. .. .10:53 P. M.
AR. Augusta (Eastern
time) 1:35 Night
AR. Atlanta, (Central
time) 6:10 A. M.
Returning: leave Atlanta 8:35 P.
M., arrive Florence 8:45 A. M., arrive
Wilmington 12:50 Noon.
Passengers may remain in this car,
in the Union Depot, which is in the
heart of Atlanta, until 7:00 A. M., if
they so desire, and on account of the
earlier arrival of this train, and the
use of the Union Depot, convenient
connections may be made with
Car-Coach trains which leave from
same station for Chicago, Cincinnati,
St. Louis, etc.
Connections are made at Florence
with above trains by leaving Smith
field at 3:08 P. M., and equally good
connections are made returning.
For fares, tickets, etc., apply to
J. A. CAMPBELL, Ticket Agent,
Smithfield, N. C.
ATLANTIC COAST LINE
The Standard Railroad of the South.
" ** NO OTHER LIKE IT.
NO OTHER AS COOD.
Pun-hate the "NEW HOME" and you will have
a life asset at the price you i>ar. The elimination ol
repair expense by superior workmanship and best
quality of material insures life-Ion* srr\ice at mni
mum cost. Insist on having the " NEW HOME".
WARRANTED FOR ALL TIME.
Known the world ov>-r for superior sewinc qualities
Not told under any other name.
1HE NEW HOME SEWING MACHINE CO., ORANGE, MASS
J. M. BEATY
Smithfield, N. S.
SMITHFIELD. N. C.
If you want a load of Tobacco Graded for
the Opening Sale,
Bring it to the Banner Warehouse and we
will have it ready for you and will guaran
tee you satisfaction both as to grading and
prices. Tobacco is going to be higher than
it was last season, is our opinion.
Do not let the pinhookers fool you.
Skinner & Patterson
Our price for grading will be $1 25 per hundred.
PEACE INSTITUTE, Raleigh, N. C.
For The Education and Culture of Young Women
Classical, Literary, and Scientific Courses leading to diplomas. Graduate credited by State
Department Education for Teachers' Certificates. Special diplomas awarded in Music, Voice, Art
and Expression. Excellent Commercial Course, Domestic Science, Domestic Art.
INSTRUCTION: Specialties in all departments.
SITUATION: Location In capitol city Rives special opportunities. Dilightful social advan
ATHLETICS: Supervised indoors and outdoors by athletic director. Special attention, indi
vidual development. Climate permits outdoor life all winter.
For catalogue or other information, write at once to
MISS MARY OWEN GRAHAM, President.
Tobacco Grading j!
Now Going on at The ;;
Mr. L. A. SMITH, who has charge of our |
Grading Department, can be found at the |
Warehouse at all times, and will give your J
tobacco his personal attention. If you have |
a load you want graded for the Opening I
Sale bring it to us and it will be handled to 1
the best advantage. J
Your farmer friends, J
POOL & LASSITER ]
Smithfield, N. C. j
Let us do your Job Printing --Best work
and moderate prices.
For CULTURE! HEALTH!! HAPPINESS!!!
LOUISBURG COLLEGE, Louisburg, N. C.
Commodious and well equipped Buildings. Large Grounds. - Outdoor Sports and Exercise.
Good Cooking and Healthful Dietary. A Full. Efficient Faculty
Domestic Art* and Sciences, Business, Language and Literature, Music.
Painting and Expression.
Careful Training and Thorough Scholarship Positive Moral and Religious Influence
Special Arrangements for Young Oris.
The Oik" Hundred and Fifteenth Session will begin
September 12th, 1917.
FO* CATALOGUE WRITE
F. S. LOVE, President, ? . ? *
Louisburg, N. C.