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VOLUME 36 SMITHFIELD, N. C., FRIDAY, AUGUST 10, 1917. Number 45
A BILLION BUSHELS OF W HEAT. ! I
United States Department of As;ri- ! 1
culture and State Officials Set
High Mark for Wheat Production
for Next Year. Winter W heat Acre
age to be Increased This Fall by IS
Per Cent Over Last Year. Rye
Acreage Also To Be Expanded.
Washington, D. C., Aug. 8. ? The
production of over one billion bushels
of wheat and over eighty-three mil
lion bushels of rye, through the plant
ing of 47,337,000 acres to winter
wheat and of 5,131,000 acres to rye
this fall, is the immediate war agri
cultural program for the Nation an
nounced today by David F. Houston,
Secretary of Agriculture. This record
winter wheat acreage, an increase of
18 per cent over last year, would
yield 672,000,000 bushels if the aver
age yield for th$ past ten years is
equaled, or under a repetition of the
favorable conditions of 1914 would
give 880,000,000 bushels. In cither
case with a spfing wheat crop next
year equal to that of 1915, the Na
tion will have more than one billion
bushels of wheat for domestic use and
export. \ ,
This vastly increased production of
wheat, needed in any case, will be ab
solutely essential to prevent a se
rious shortage of breadstuff's next
summer should the growing corn, no>v
behind the season, be much damaged
by early frosts.
The program approved by the Sec
retary of Agriculture represents the
best thought of the U. S. Department
of Agriculture and of State Agricul
tural officials and State Councils of
The study of this question has in
volved many factors and the special
ists have been aware from the first
that the demands for wheat may ex
ceed the supply next year. Effort
therefore has been made to recom
mend in each State about as large
an acreage in wheat and rye as can
be sown without upsetting proper
farm practice which must be main
tained in the interest of wheat and
rye crops this and succeeding years,
as well as in the interest of other
necessary spring-planted crops which
are not discussed in detail at this
time as they are not food crops in
which a marked shortage exists.
Tho planting and cultivation of
these increased acreages of f&ll-sown
grains calls for unusual effort on the
part of the farmers. Plans to place at
the disposal of farmers all assistance
possible, are being perfected in the
U. S. Department of Agriculture, the
State colleges of agriculture, and oth
er State and local agencies which co
operate in farming matters. The as
sistance of successful growers of
wheat and rye in a campaign to turn
out bumper crops in 1918 is assured.
The State officials will do their ut
most to get the acreages expected of
their States into the ground. The pro
gram as originally worked out by the
Federal Department of Agriculturs
called for somewhat more than 44,000,
000 acres to be sown this fall. Wlien
this proposal was presented to the of
ficials of the several States a further
increase was considered possible and
desirable by them. As a consequence
the recommendation for the sowing of
47,337,000 acres is made.
BICKETT APPOINTS YOUNG.
Former Adjutant General Goes Back
Into Office on September First.
Adjutant General Beverly S. Roy
ster who was appointed to the posi
tion in June of last year when Adju
tant. General Young was sent to the
border as Brigadier General with the
North Carolina troops, has resigned
his position to take effect September
1st. Governor Bickett has re-appoint
ed General Young to succeed him.
Major George L. Peterson has re
signed and will later enter some oth
er department of the service. Both
have made very acceptable officers.
General Royster has two sons in the
service. He is an Oxford lawyer, and
it is said that he would not pass by
a seat in Congress should the Demo
crats of the Fifth District ask him to
be their Representative.
Food Bill Passes.
The Fcod Bill passed the Senate
Wednesday by a vote of 66 to 7. The
President is expected to sign the biil
today and appoint Herbert Hoover,
Food Administrator. The law will be
put into operation at once.
"ARMERS WASTING MANURE.
Estimated That Not Less Than Twen
ty-Five Million Dollars >N -;th Is
Wasted Each Year in North Caro
lina Through Failure To Conserve
Raleigh, Aug. 8? North Caroling
'armors are wasting each year not
ess than $25,000,000 worth of ma
nure, and it is probable that the fig
ires should be nearer twice that
imount, according to a statement by
John Paul Lucas, executive secretary
)f the State Food Conservation Com
mission, who have been investigating
;his phase of conservation work. Says
"The manure from the average
horse or mule for one year contains
approximately the following chemical
ngredients: Nitrogen, 158 pounds;
phosphoric acid, 61 pounds; potash,
145 pounds. These chemicals at pres
ent prices of fertilizer are worth $80_
to $90. There are in the States about
385,000 horses and mules and nearly
700,000 head of cattle, besides 1,550,
D00 hogs and sheep, goats, and poul
try. A low estimate of the value of
the manure from these animals for a
year would be more than $100,000,000.
"It must be remembered in consid
ering the value of manure that the
chemical ingredients do not form the
total value. In fact many soil experts
and farmers are of the opinion that
the bacterial activity and the improved
mechanical condition of the soil pro
duced through the application of ma
nure are of equal value with the chem
icals. However, the estimate of $100,
900,000 as the value of the manure
produced in the State is based on the
ralue of the chemicals alone. And the
estimate of 25 per cent as the amount
jf manure wasted is ridiculously low.
"'How is manure wasted?' is a
"There are several ways. The com
monest probably is the failure of a
large percentage of our people to keep
sufficient bedding in their stables to
ibsorb and hold all the liquid manure.
When it is remembered that more than
lalf of the chemicals mentioned are
;ontained in the liquid manure it is
readily seen that this is a tremendous
source of waste.
"Millions of dollars worth of chemi
;als are wasted out of manures that
ire piled out in the weather instead
if being: put upon the land or under
:over. The best way to keep manure
s to get it on the land just as quick
y as possible and the best place to
ceep it until it can be hauled out is
n the stable itself; next best, in a
:overed manure shed.
"Other millions of dollars worth of
nanure is wasted through non-utiii
:ation. Stables, sheds, hog pens and
hicken houses are neglected and
housands of dollars worth of manures
ire left un-utilized.
"No farmer cah afford to neplect
he saving and utilization of manure
inder normal conditions. With fertil
zers as high prized as they are now
ind the products of the soil at pres
nt levels, a farmer who does neglect
0 keep his stables well litered with
traw or leaves and wood mold is
Tther blind, helpless or indolent.
"The amount of manure that we
iave been wasting, if utilized dur
nc the coming season, will add sever
1 hundred thousand bushels to our
iroduction of wheat, oats and other
rops and put into the pockets of our
armers millions of dollars that they
rould otherwise only dream of.
"The hauling of $ood mold and
shes to the fields is a commendable
ractice. Wood mold, raked up with
;aves, makes an almost ideal absorb
nt for saving liquid manures and
reeds and other litter about the farm j
lay be utilized the same way. Our ^
armers simply cannot afford to neg
;ct this great crop ? manure. Failure !
) conserve food products is no g^eat
r sin under present circumstances (
lan failure to conserve and utilize to
est advantages every pound of ma
ure from every farm animal."
Smaller Army Divisions.
The reorganization of the Ameri- '
in army will plan for a division of
bout 10,000 men instead of the reg
lar division of 28,000. The larger
ivision has been found to be unwield
r for service on the European bat- *
efields. Under the new plan a divis- '
n will have two brigades of infan- '
?y with two regiments each. Other *
langes will be made, an. increase bc
i?r made in the artillery and machinc
un strength of each division. I
SELMA'S NEWS OF THE WEEK.
About Fifty-five Per Cent of Men Ex
anunt-d for Selective Draft Stand
Physical Test. Mrs. Arthur Oliver
Entertains in Honor of Visiting
Guests. Officers of Ep worth League
Hold Council Meeting. Other Items
Selma, Aug. 9.? Attorney J. D.
Parker, of Smithleld, was in the city
today on professional business.
Misses Addie and Eva Pearson, of
Bailey, are spending this week, the
guests of Mrs. W. E. Jones and other
Judge W. S. O'B. Robinson, of
Goldsboro, was here Wednesday for
a few hours. j
Representative J. W. Barnes, of
Wilders township, was here for a few
hours Monday on business.
Mrs. Paul A. Wallace, of Clayton,
is here this week the guest of rela
tives and friends.
Mrs. J. E. Young and children re
turned this week from a visit to her
sister in Auburn, Ala.
Mr. Council, of Hamilton, N. C.,
has accepted a position in the Jones
Dr. and Mrs. J. A. Griffin, of Clay
ton, spent Sunday with the family of
Mr. J. H. Griffin.
Mrs. A R. Hooks and A. R. Hooks,
Jr., arrived today to visit Mrs. L. D.
Debnam and family.
Miss Thelma Godwin, of the San
ders Chapel section, is here this week
the guesc of the family of her broth
er, Mr. S. A. Godwin.
Mr. and Mrs. L. D. Debnam and
family, Miss Lovie Griffin, and Mr.
Jno. W. Futrell motored to Kinston
and Seven Springs last Sunday.
Mr. C. O. Thornton has moved his
barbel shop from Railroad street to
the building formerly occupied by the
Selma Millinery Company on Raiford
Mr. W. L. Stancil, secretary of the
Merchants Association, is engaged
this week in compiling statistics for
a new rate book for the benefit of the
members of the Association.
The old graded school building is
being moved across the railroad this
week, and will be used for a school
building for the colored people.
Mr. J. D. Barbour, of the firm of
J. G. Barbour & Sons, of Clayton, was
in town Tuesday for a few hours.
The officers of the Epworth League
he'd their first Council meeting at the
Methodist Parsonage last Monday ev
ening, August 6th, to discuss mat
ters of importance relative to the
league work. After all business mat
ters had been discussed and disposed
of they were entertained with music
from the victrola, and juicy sweet
watermelons were served.
After spending several days here
with her aunt, Mrs. G. H. Morgan,
Miss Elise Austin left Monday to vis
it relatives in Smithfield, before re
turning to her home in Raleigh.
Mrs. Arthur Oliver entertained a
number of the younger set last Fri
day evening from eight to eleven, in
honor of her guests, Misses Janice
and Laura Daughtery, and Elizabeth
Dorrty, of Goldsboro. After the ar
rival of the guests, various games
and amusements were engaged in and
enjoyed by all. The hostess served in
her usual hospitable style delicious
cream and watermelons. The out-of
town guests were Misses Janice and
Laura Daughtery and Elizabeth
Dorrty, of Goldsboro; Mr. M. B. Ely,
Knoxvillo, Tenn.; Mr. J. B. Mole, of
Baltimore, Md.; Mr. B. L. Talton, of
New York, and Miss Mozingo, of
Florence, S. C.
Quite ? crowd of people were here
for the first three days this week
presenting themselves for examina
tion for the Selective Draft. Dr. Geo.
D. Vick, assisted by Drs. J. B. Person
ind I. VV. Mayerberg, made the phys
cal examinations. There were 404
nen examined, with only a little more
han fifty per cent passing the medi
?al examinations. Of those that pass
d the medical examination, all but
12 asked for exemption. Detailed in
formation is not to be had at this
vriting, but we hope to be able to give
ietails next week.
Many Exemptions Asked For.
Of the first 186 men examined by
he Wake County Exemption Board
145 passed the physical tests. Of these 4
45 men nil but 26 asked for exemp- 4
The town knocker never troubles his h
lead over the eight-hour law. 4
BOARD MAKES ANOTHER CALL.
Exemption Board No. 1 Summons
One Hundred and Fifty More Young
Men to Appear in Smithlield. 73 on
Tuesday, August 14 and 73 on
Wednesday, the 13th.
The following are called to meet
the exemption board in Smithlield
next week, the first 75 on Tuesday
and the second 75 on Wednesday:
TUESDAY, AUGUST 14TH.
299 ? 920 ? Willie Monroe Stevens.
300 ? 1010 ? Talbert Stephenson.
301 ? 919 ? John Ashley Massengill.
302 ? 656 ? Willis Everette Parker.
303 ? 1339 ? Raymond Edwards.
"04 ? 814 ? Neil Henry Smith.
305? 1175? Robert A. Rose.
306 ? 1070 ? Charlie Elbert Strickland.
307 ? 738 ? Jesse Martin McLamb.
308 ? 1107 ? Jasper C. Johnson.
309 ? 1097 ? Lewi's Westbrook.
310 ? 1191 ? George F. Johnson.
;; i -1234 ? Isaac Dublin.
312? 1360? Buck Hill.
i '113 ? 848? Otis Coats,
j ".14 ? -1118 ? Archie B. Jernigan.
: : 1 5 ? 121. ? Alonzo C. Ogburn.
316 ? 221 ? Leon L. Cole.
I !17 ? 1537 ? Alonzo B. Durham.
? :18 ? 1474-^-Harvey Dublin.
jH9 ? 1414 ? Durward H. Creech,
j '20 ? 1616 ? William L. Barbour.
1 321 ? 292 ? James A. Williams,
j 322? 822? John Banks.
323 ? 504 ? James W. Johnson.
324 ? 1064 ? William A. Gregory.
325 ? 1205 ? George W. Parker.
326? 1510? David Best.
327 ? '1091 ? Handy T. Jernigan.
328 ? 470 ? William V. Stewart.
329 ? 312 ? Walter J. Baker.
330 ? 1507 ? Daniel W. Spencer.
331 ? 1626 ? James Burley.
332 ? 1284 ? Early Lee.
333 ? 90 ? James I). Coats.
334 ? 191 ? George W. Weeks.
335 ? 477 ? Varon Coats.
336? 1187? William A. Lee.
337? 1179? Samuel R. Broclc.
338 ? 753 ? William Henry Sloeumb.
339 ? 130 ? James W. Carroll.
340 ? 858 ? Willie O. Edwards.
341 ? 168 ? Merrit E. Langdon.
342 ? 1023 ? Willie M. Temple.
343 ? 424 ? Milton G. Bailey.
344 ? 840 ? David M. Holt.
345 ? 1347 ? J. T. Massengill.
346 ? 1511 ? Dan Clemons.
347 ? 1188 ? Milton B. Lee.
348 ? 157 ? Willis E. Parker.
349 ? 175 ? Lam Langdon.
350 ? 300 ? Lonnie Sneed.
351 ? 278 ? Jlerschelle V. Rose.
352 ? 1622 ? William Henry Parrish.
313 ? 1240? Will H. Avera.
354 ? 524 ? Leslie E. Rhodes.
355? 911? Phillip Turner.
356 ? 1172 ? Lonnie H. Rose.
367? 532? David P. Baker.
358 ? 1517 ? James Graham.
359 ? 1139 ? David E. Massengill.
360? 1214? John P. Eldridge.
361 ? 336 ? Henry W. B. Thompson.
362? 212? Charlie M. Beasley.
363 ? 1357 ? Johnnie D. Strickland.
364? 49? Willie L. Webb.
365? 8? Bernic H. Ellis.
366 ? 1707 ? Bryant P. Sandlin.
367 ? 1160 ? Turner D. Knowles.
368 ? 1192 ? Leonidus Parker.
369? 1660? Will Walker.
370 ? 305 ? Robert D. Marler.
371? 1143? Orville Eldridge.
372 ? 557 ? Thomas Jefferson.
373 ? 1652 ? Jacob K. Cunningham.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 15TH.
374 ? 1433 ? Clarence W. Thompson.
375 ? 1640 ? John Wilkins.
376? 622? Isaac Tart.
377 ? 585 ? John II . Morgan.
378 ? 1464 ? Harvey Whitley.
379 ? 1257 ? Timothy Dublin.
380 ? 1077 ? S. Primrose Parker.
381 ? 781 ? Jesse T. Morgan.
382 ? 141ft ? Lloyd Potter.
383 ? 1035 ? l^inel S. Penny.
384 ? 1634 ? Arthur Lee.
385 ? 958 ? Harvey L. Allen.
386 ? 323 ? Henry H. Tucker.
387? 1343? W. A. Holt.
388 ? 1439 ? Leon G. Stevens.
389 ? 857 ? Thurman E. Williams.
390 ? 1554 ? Avcra E. Godwin.
391 ? 1401 ? Leonard C. Barnes.
392 ? 1303 ? Charlie L. Green.
593 ? 963 ? Allen W. Johnson.
594 ? 438 ? James M. Baker.
595 ? 878? Arthur G. Smith.
596? 1059? Talbot G. Matthews.
597 ? 441 ? William L. Wallace.
598 ? 880? Claude W. McCabe.
599 ? 357 ? Needham M. Stanley.
100 ? 23 ? Lee Dawson.
101 ? 1173 ? Lonnie F. McLamb.
102? 331? Charlie F. Hall.
103 ? 1108 ? George II. Moore.
104 ? 492? Young B. Parker.
105 ? 1201 ? Harvey Eldridge.
CLAYTON'S LIVE NEWS BUDGET. ]
Revival Meeting In Progress at the
Baptist Church. Mrs. Y. M. Hol
land Gives Rook Party to Friends,
in Honor of Miss lone Richardson.
Other Items of Interest.
Clayton Aug. 8. ? Miss Barbara
Gulley returned today frcm Lilling
ton whore she has been for the pa-it
ten days visiting her sister, Mrs. G.
T. Smith. \
Mr. JcLn G. Edwards, of Raleigh,
spent Saturday and Sunday here.
Mr. and Mrs. D. M. Hall have as
their house guests this week Misses ,
Maude and Jewel Hall and Roberta
Upton, of Fayetteville, and Miss Eth-;1
Hall, of Benson.
Mr. and Mrs. Vernon Williams are
spending this week at Portsmouth
with Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Gulley.
Mr. and Mrs. Jno. S. Barnes and
family arc spending a few days this
week at Morehoad.
Mir,s Rosalie Pope is visiting in
Raleigh this week.
Mr. Oiho Ellis, of Wilson's Mills,
spent Sunday here.
On Tuesday afternoon from 2:30
until 4:30 Mrs. Y. M. II Hand gave a
rook party at her home here, in honor
of her hist r, Miss lone Richardson, .if
Kenly. Those present were Misses Tel
za Barnes, Douschka Barnes, Genie
Thomas, Blanche Ellis, Aldine Oneil,
Sulon McCullers, Mrs. Robbie Sanders,,
Mrs. Glenn Pope, Mrs. Bennctte Nooe
and a few others.
Miss Gladys Barbour has been i.i
Trenton for the past week.
Miss Margaret Hunter, of Raleigh,
is visiting Miss Mildred Poole.
Mrs. J. W. Smith left Monday for
her home at Lillington, after spend
ing some time here with relatives.
After spending several weeks here
with friends, Miss Thelma Johnson
left Monday for her home at Clinton.
On Monday night of this week a
revival began at the Baptist church
here. This is a time when we need a
revival most, it seems, for so many
of our boys are going away and some
of them unsaved. I)r. Weston Bruner,
pastor of Tabernacle Baptist church
at Raleigh, has charge of the preach
ing while Mr. Edgar Lynch has
charge of music. Both men are capa
ble of the plac^ they are filling and
we feel great good is going to be
done. Services every evening at 8:15.
Mrs. I. S* Bagwell, of Raleigh,
spent Tuesday here.
Miss Alma Hall is visiting in Zeb
Messrs H. Poole and N. R. Poole
and D. J. Thurston spent Tuesday in
Messrs. A. Farmer and Taylor
Poole spent Wednesday in Raleigh.
406? 565? Myatt B. Coats.
407 ? 800 ? William H. Rowland.
408 ? 1447 ? Milliard Bain.
409 ? 1049 ? George P. Benson.
410 ? 1442 ? William J. Fort. .
411 ? 715 ? John D. Young.
412 ? 961 ? Shuford L. Coats.
413? 539? Robert C. Lee.
414 ? 349 ? David V. Adams.
415 ? 1596 ? Morris Tomlinson.
416 ? 562 ? Lasde A. Hodges.
417 ? 1407 ? Steven R. Hinton.
418 ? 501 ? Needham G. Adams.
419 ? 102 ? Walter J. Braswell.
420 ? 1411 ? William T. Daughtery.
421 ? 875 ? Vadie M. Coats.
422 ? 714 ? King D. Stewart.
423 ? 1528 ? Thomas E. Powell.1
424 ? 86 ? Thomas C. Langdon.
425 ? 1024 ? William R. Ellis.
426 ? 1291 ? Joseph A. Johnson.
427 ? 871 ? Delno Coats.
428 ? 1341 ? David T. Strickland.
429 ? 1556 ? James Parnell.
430 ? 1043 ? Joshua Hall.
431 ? 160C ? Clarence W. Hinton.
432 ? 71 ? Edgar Hines.
433 ? 1502 ? Nathaniel S. Tomlinson.
434 ? 1690 ? Andrew Sanders.
435 ? 1150 ? Jesse Braxton Barefoot.
436 ? 1393 ? Hunter Stephenson.
437 ? 1593 ? Garfield Tannines.
438 ? 55? ? Charlie G. Terry.
439 ? 978 ? Joseph E. Ryals.
440 ? 1260 ? Lucian Grejrfc.
441 ? ?- 50G ? Ezra B. Parker.
442 ? 1588 ? Will Hanberry.
443 ? 1591 ? John W. Mitchencr, Jr. 1
444 ? 168C ? Claude Arthur Martin.
445 ? 1391 ? Charlie M. Lamb.
446 ? 1272 ? Ira Casey Whitley.
447 ? 1525 ? Earl McLeod.
<48 ? 877 ? Joseph L. McLeod.
On the Ruins of Our Schemes. '
We mount to heaven mostly on the i
ruins of our cherished schemes, find- <
injr our failures our successes. ? A. 1
Bronson Alcott. 1
PLYING EASIER THAN AUTOING.
Fo I .earn to Fly Warplane is Easier
Than to Run Auto; War Eagles in
l'our Hours. Remarkable Curtisg
Training Machine, With Dual Con
trol, Responsible for Speed. Mine
ola, I'ncle Sam's Aviation Field.
(Basil M. Manly.)
Mineola, N. Y., Aug. 4. ? Jt is easier ?
to learn to fly a warplane than to
learn to run an automobile! /
That's what I learned at Mineola,
the eagle's aerie ? the nesting plac2
of the great American bird, king of
For Uncle Sam's groat Mineola
aviation field is the school where the
eagle's young are taught to swoop
over the fields of France, carrying
terror to German vultures.
Easier to learn to fly than to learn
to run an auto! How long did it take
you, or your neighbor, to gain the
confidence of his machine? Well, at
Mineola mere boys become expert pi
lots, ready for the finishing touches
of instruction in war combat in four
Most :iutoists stay out of the down
town traffic congestion for four weeks,
to say nothing of four days. And, as
for auto mastery in four hours ? un
''That boy is one of our best grad
I followed the gesture of my officer
guide to a figure in khaki.
, Then like a jolt in the ribs came
from the officer;
"He lei rned in four hours. He is
ready for France."
I had turned my gaze back to the
sky. Things had seemed interesting
there. Half a dozen huge planes were
circiing, passing and repassing. I
had been thinking a collision was
But ? "Became a star air pilot in
four hours!" I studied the boy ? yes,
boy, apparently about 20, slim, cool, %
no swagger, just plain American boy.
I had made a mistake craning my
neck upward. After that I kept my
eyes closer to the ground.
And the most important thing 1
learned at Mineola was that the men,
the soul of the eagles, were more
worth watching than the air, the ele
ments they conquered, or the planes,
"Just tell me," I said to the officer
piloting me past hangars, tents and
barracks, "how they do it."
He matched my surprise. "Why,"
with a shrug, "They learn to fly alona
in two hours. If they can't fly alone
in ten hours they leave, so they
won't waste our time. After twenty
hours of actual flying th-~>y are ready
to become officers ? or cast-offs. They
must have passed all the test stunts ?
cross-country flights, triangular
flights, accurate landings on fixed
marks, and so on.
"Then, as officers, after a little time
at an advance school, here or in
France, learning to handle fast ma
chines, aerial gunnery and bomb
dropping they are ready for their
first air battle."
The remarkable Curtiss JN ma
chine, greatest twining airplane in
the world, adopted by the British, is
responsible. It is a dual-control ma
chine ? just as if an automobile ha?J
two steering wheels, two gear shift
levers, two fuel controls, so the in
structor could at any time check or
correct the learner without interfer
ing with him.
There ore two seats, one directly
behind the other. In front of each is '
a complete set of controls, interlock
ed. The pupil climbs into the front
seat. He keeps his hands and feet on
the controls to learn the "feel of it."
The instructor, in the rear, manipu
An auto steering wheel, turning
from left to right for sidewise direc
tion, and swinging backward and
forward for up-and-down direction, a
steering bar on the floor operated
with the feet like the steering bar of
your old sled, and the engine throt
tle ? these are the controls.
The second time up for his thirty
minute lesson the pupil does the fly
ing, and if he makes a false move
the instructor's hand checks him. The
fourth or fifth time up the instruc
tor doesn't expect to do much check
ing. He's there for safety only.
And "Safety First" is the motto all
aver the aerie. One broken strand of
wire, out of a woven cord of twenty
strands, means repairs. Every .ma
chine is thoroughly overhauled b*
Fore every flight. ? Charlotte Observ