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YOU CAN BE A BONDHOLDER.1,
Theodore Roosevelt Writes of People's :
Duty to Aid War by Buying New
Liberty Bonds, and Asserts Farmer
and Wage Earner Have Same
Chance as Hanker to 1'urchase and
Hold Securities. Must Not Grumble,
He Adds, if They Let Wall Street
Become Biggest Purchaser.
Theodore Roosevelt's editorial in the
Kansas City Star for October 7th is
Not many years ago one of the fav
orite cries of those who wisjied to ex
ploit for their own advantage the of
ten justifiable popular unrest and dis
content was that "The people were op
pressed in the interest of the bond
holders." The more ardent souls of
this type wished to repudiate the na
tional debt to "Wipe it out as with a
sponge" in order to remove the "op
pression." The bondholders were al
ways held up as greedy creatures who
had obtained an unfair advantage of
the people as a whole.
Well, the liberty loan now offers the
chance to make the people and the
bondholders interchangeable terms.
The bonds are issued in such a way
that the farmer and the wage worker
have exactly the same chance as the
banker tA^purchase and hold as many
or as few as they wsh. No matter
how small a man's means, he can get
some part of a bond if he wshes.
The, government and the big finan
ciers are doing all they can to make
the sale as widely distributed as pos
sible. Seme bankers arc serving
without j ay in the effort to put all the
facts before the people as a whole,
and so make the loan in very truth a
people's loan. It rests with the peo
ple themselves to decide whether it
shall be such.
The government must have the
money. It is a patriotic duty to pur
chase the bonds. And they offer an
absolutely safe investment. The money
invested is invested on the best secu
rity in the world ? that of the United
States, of the American nation itself.
The money cannot be lost unless the
United States is destroyed, and in
that case we would all of us be crush
ed anyhow, so that it would not make
The people can, if they choose, now
make themselves the bondholders. If
they do not so choose and if they force
Wall street to become the largest pur
chaser of the bonds, which must be
bought somehow, then they will have
no right in the future to grumble
about the bondholders as a special
class. We can now, all of us, join that
class if we wish. ? Copyright, Kansas
SAVE TO-DAY FOR THE FUTURE.
The United States Food Administra
tion That Discipline Now Will Help
Us to Meet Conditions That Will
Confront Us After the War Is
Washington, Oct. 10. ? America's
place in the industrial competition of
nations that will follow peace will be
determined in large part by the re
sponse that the American people
make to the coming foojl pledge week
campaign. This is the belief of thr
United States Food Administration
and is one of the thoughts that is
spurring on its forces in their prepa
ration for enrolling the families of
the nation in the cause of food con
servation during the week oiUOctober
"When the war is over," the Food
Administration declared recently,
"Europe will find herself a reduced
standard of living, with a people
greatly disciplined in alP directions
and in a position to compete in the
world's markets in a way that they
never have been able before. Wc shall
also face a world with a reduced con
suming power, and unless we can se
cure some discipline in our own peo
ple, we will be in no position to meet
that condition when peace comes."
"The idea that the purpose of food
saving is not alone the present one of
? teedirtg our army and the allies, is
further developed by the belief of the
Food Administration that wars are
paid for out of the savings of the
people. It is pointed out that the de
cision is up to the American people
right now, whether they arc to help
pay for the present, conflict out of
the savings of today, or after the war
by mortgaging tKe futurp of the peo
ple. A saving of six cents a day per
person will amount to two billion dol
lars a year."
rHE FOOD REGISTRATION DAY.
Saturday, October 20th, Everybody Is
Asked to Go To the School Houses
In the Several Districts and Regis
ter For Food Conservation. The
Food Administration Hit on This
IMan as an Aid hi Our Allies.
Saturday, the 20th tiny of October,
has been set apart as Food Conserva
tion Day and every school house in
North Carolina will be open for the
registration of the women of North
Carolina as well as the men in the
campairn looking to the conservation
of the food of the United States and
North Carolina to the end that each
individual do his or her bit in the
great war that is now going on. Ev
ery man and woman in Johnston
County are requested to go to the
school house in his or her district on
next Saturday week, October 20th- be
tween the hours of 9:00 A. M. and
4:00 P. M., and register in this cam
paign. The following card will be
there to be signed:
"To the Food Administrator: .
"I am glad to join you in the ser
vice of food conservation of our na
tion, and I hereby accept member
ship in the United States Food Ad
ministration, pledging myself to car
ry out the directions and advice of
the Food Administrator in my home
in so far as my circumstances permit.
Street or R. F. D. No s.
"There are no fees or dues to be
paid. The Food Administration wish
es to have as members all of those
actually handling food in the home.
Anyone may have a home cnrd of
instructions, but only those signing
pledges are entitled to membership
window cards, which will be delivered
upon receipt of the signed pledge."
The men of the allied nations are
fighting. They are not on the farms.
The production of food by these coun
tries has, therefore, been greatly re
duced. Even before the war, it was
much less than the amount consumed.
The difference came from America
and a few other countries. Now, this
difference is greater than ever and,
at the same time, but little food can
be brought in from the outside except
Therefore, our allies depend on
America for food as they have never
depended before, and they ask us for
it with a right which they have never
had before, for today they are our
companions in the great war for dem
ocracy and liberty. They are doi?g the
fighting, the suffering and dying ? in
our war. Let us remember that every
flag that flies opposite the German
one is by proxy the American flag,
and that the armies fighting in our
defense under these flags cannot be.
maintained through this winter un
less thare is food enough for them
and for their women and children at
home. There can only be f#od enough
if America provides it and America
can only provide it by the personal
service and patriotic co-operation of
nil of us
The small daily ser^ji; in "substi
tution can be done by an; the saving
in waste by the majority and the les
sening of food consumed by many.
This individual daily service in twen
ty million kitchens and on twenty
million tables, multiplied by one hun
dred million ? wjiich is the sum total
of all of us ? will make that total
quantity which is the solution of the
The matter oomes even nearer home
than the feeding of the allied armies
since a number of our own troops
have already gone to France and a
great mony more Of the National
Guard and regular army will be sent
to Franco during the winter or early
spring. In addition to this, a great
many of our own men have been tak
en from the farms to the training
camps, and, while they may never see
active service on the battle field, and
certainly not for , quite awhile, yet
they have to be fed and we at home
must conserve our food products in
order that they may be fed.
Let every man and woman go to
their respective school houses on
Saturday, the 20th, between 9:00
o'clock in the morning and 4:00
o'clock in the afternoon and register
for this service and thus become iden
tified with one of the greatest armies
of the earth.
F. H. BROOKS,
Food Administrator for Johnston Co.
Smithfield, October 11, 1917.
An obsolete ballad ? "Old King Coal
Was a Merry Old Soul."
NAVY PROGRAM <>l 787,VESSELS.
The New Shi^s Will Include All Types
From Super-Dreadnought to l'-l5oat
Chaser. Total Cost $1,150,400,000.
Six Shipbuilding Companies Will
Handle the Contractu, W hich Soon
Will lie Signed and l'ut Into Force.
Washington, Oct. 9. ? The Ameri
can navy's war construction program ?
consists of 787 vessels, including all ;
types from super-dreadnought to sub- '
marine chasers. In making this an- j
nouncement today Secretary Daniels
said some of the vessels have been j
completed within the past few weeks ;
and are now in servce and that the re- |
mainder of the program is being rush- i
ed. The total cost is estimated at $1,
Many of the vessels are destroy
ers and arrangements have been made i
for carryng out the $350,000,000 sup- j
plemental destroyer program which i
the navy expects to be completed in
Examination of contracts by the le
gal representatives of the builders
prevented the formal signing of the
agreements today with the six com
panies which are to build the craft, I
but Mr. Daniels said only minor de- I
tails stood in the way of getting the
vessels under construction.
The companies awarded the con
tracts are the New York Shipbuilding
Corporation, the Cramp Company, the
Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry
tlock Company, the Fore River Ship
building Corporation, the Bath Iron
Works and the Union Iron Works. The
Fore River Company, Mr. Daniels
explained, was the only one that had
cffered to build more vessels than
were awarded it. ?
Secretary Daniels said he expected
the first of the new destroyers within
nine months. They will be of the
latest, largest and improved type,
which have just been tried by the
American navy and found to be un
surpassed by any destroyers in the
Thousands of men will be required
to man these destroyers," the Secre
tary's statement said, "and we are
now busy training them. By the time
the vessels are completed, the crews
will be ready."
PRESIDENT WILSON COM
MENDS WORK OF CONGRESS
Statement by the President, October
G, 1917. ? The (55th Congress, now ad
journed, deserves the gratitude and
appreciation of a people whose will
and purpose I believe it has faithfully .
expressed. One can not examine the
record of its action without being im
pressel by its completeness, its cour
age, and its full comprehension of a
great task. The needs of tha Army
and the Navy have been met in a way
that assures the effectiveness of
American arms, and the war-making
branch of the Government has been
abundantly equipped with the powers
that wtre necessary to make the action
of the Nation effective.
I believe that it has also in equal
degree, and as "far as possible in the
face of war, safeguarded the rights
of the people and kept in mind the
considerations of social justice so of
ten obscured in the hasty readjust
ment of such a crisis.
It seems to me that the work of this \
remarkable session has not only been
done thoroughly but that it has also
been done with the utmost dispatch
possible in the circumstances or con
sistent with a full consideration of the
exceedingly critical matters dealt
with. Best of all, it has left no doubt
as to the spirit and determination of
the country, but has affirmed them as
loyally ar.d as emphatically as our fine
soldiers will affirm them on the firing
line. ? Woodrow Wilson.
Colored School to Open.
The Colored Gmded School, known
as the Smithfield Traning School, will
open next Tuesday. Prof. William
Cooper, the principal, who has been
spending the summer at Hampton, Va.,
returned to town Saturday and is
busy getting matters ready for the op
ening. A strong corps"of teachers has
been selected and a good school is
Miss Rankin to Speak.
Hon. Jeannctte Rr.nkin, member of
Congress from Montana, will deliver
three addresses in North Carolina
next week ? at Wilson Monday; Win
ston-Salem Tuesday, and at Raleigh
AT THE CAPITAL OF BANNEIt. i
Deputy Moore Finds Moon-shine Still
but While (Join* for Help to Cap
ture It the Still Disappears. Rooster
Takes An Active I'urt in Pounding
Exercises Tendered Methodist Min
ister. Death of Mrs. Oscar Davis.
Other Items of Interest.
Benson, Oct. 11. ? Mr. Robert
Creech has accepted a position with
Mr. Alonzo Parrish and moved with
his family to town.
Miss Beatrice Goodrich, who has
been teaching at Oak City, returned
home this week.
Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Godwin went up
to Clayton and spent the day with
Miss Lettie Mydgett h;>.s resigned
as one of tho teachers here and gone
to her home at Mr.nteo because of
the illness of her sister.
Mr. George Holland went to Flor
ence, S. C., last Sunday and returned
Monday. He went through the coun
try on his car.
Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Gordon anu Mrs.
C. G. McCreight, of Hamlet, were
here Sunday at the homo of Mr. and
Mrs. J. R. Barbour.
Mr. and Mrs. T. T. Lanier went to
Chalybeate Springs last Sunday and
spent the day with relatives.
Mr. and Mrs. Holland, of Kenly,
were here for a day or two recently
at the home of Mr. and Mrs. George
Misse3 Julia Canaday, Lillie Cana
day and Minnie Somers were visitors
to Angier Sunday.
Miss Mamie Grant, of Suffolk, Va.,
has been here for several days visit
ing relatives and friends.
Mr. J. M. Morgan and Mr. R. L.
Penny were visitors to Smithfield
Monday on business matters.
Mr. and Mrs. Jim Creech, of Four
kOaks, were here Sunday on a visit to
Mr. R. T. Surles went up to Hen
derson Monday on business, returning
Mr. and Mrs. Clark, of Raleigh,
have been here for the past few days
visiting at the home of Mr. and Mrs.
J. F. Leo.
Mr. W. C. Lassitcr, of Elevation
townshio, was in the city for a short
Mr. J. E. Wilson, who has been in
the Fayetteville hospital for the past
few days with blood-poisoning, is re
ported to be improving.
Mr. R. G. Fitzgerald, of Bethel, was
a visitor to the city Saturday and
Dr. F. T. Moore, S. F. Ivey and
John Smith were visitors to Smith
field Monday on business.
Mrs. T. T. Lanier has accepted a po
sition in the school here made vacant
by the resignation of Miss Letitia
Rev. jT. T. Stanford spent Tuesday
in Fayetteville with Mr. J. E. Wilson,
who is in the hospital there.
Messrs. J. E. Ligon, A. 15. ITud.sbn,
Pius Hudson and other Bensonians
were in Smithfield Tuesday on busi
Mr. Loyd Langdon, of Wade, was
a visitor to our city Tuosdry for a
Mr. Raetus Stephenson, who is with
the American Tobacco Company of
Durham, was visiter to Matives
here thn week.
Messrs. E. S. Abell, Ed. Ward and
G. M. Rose were, here for a while
Tuesday afternoon on business be
tween the city and the Ccast Line
Mrs. Oscar Davis died at her home
last Friday night and was buried Sat
urday r.: Hodges Chapel. Mrs. Davis
was a daughter of Mr. Moses Ivey
and was forty-nine years old at the
time of her death.
Deputy Moore caught a moon-shine
still in the city of Benson Sunday
night. The still was being hidden out
and was located by the officer, but
while ho came up town for help to
bring the still to the city lock-up,
some one who was evidently taking
a good deal of interest in the still,
removed it, and as yet it has not
been recaptured by the officers, al
though information is now in the
hands of the officers as to the party
who moved the still.
At a pounding of the Methodist
preacher here last week at the prayer
meeting services some one carried a
rooster in as a present. The pack
age, as were the others, was placed
on tables near the pulpit. The roost
er decided that he did not care to
remain in the paper sack in which he
was placed, gave a few flops with his
wings and proudly walked out of the
CONSERVE ANI) SAVE IS CUV.
America Is Asked to Substitute Corn
and Cereal Products for Wheat. This
Is One Way in Which We Can
Strengthen Our Allies. October 20
28 I.-. Designated as Food Pledge
Raleigh, Oct. 10. ? Word has come to
the Food Administration here that a
number of persons, chafing at con
tinued high prices of food products
and provoked because the government
has not fixed prices on foodstutFs, have
announced their intention of disre
garding the suggestions of the Food
Administration for the substitution of
the plenti/ul products for those food
products which are suited for export
and which are desired by the govern
ment for the maintenance of its ar
mies and the" civilian population of
This matter was brought to the at
tention of Food Administrator Henry
A. Page yesterday. "This is a Dem
ocracy," said Mr. Page. "Our people
are free. They are privileged to eat
what ever they desire if they have
the prico. But if all America con
tinued to eat its accustomed amount
of sugar, the millions of French peo
ple would be compelled to go without
even their war ration of sugar for
"If all i\merica refused to substi
tute corn and other cereal products
for whent, and poultry, fish, game
and other foods for beef and pork
products the - armies of our Allies
would be reduced in their physical
condition to the point where hundreds
of thousands of American boys would
be needed above the number that will
be required if we do keep our Allies'
men in good fighting trim, and tens
of thousands of old men, women and
children would die of starvation in
France, EJngland and Italy.
"I can't believe that any loyal
American will refuse to render that
service at home which is so easy
when they realize that the failure to
render such service will cost the lives
of more of our own soldiers and of
innumerable soldiers and of innumer
able women and children on the other
"The housewives of this State, and
of the entire country, will be given
an opportunity during the week of
October 20th-28th, which is food
pledge week, to put down In black and
white where they stand and I am
looking for a 100 per cent enrollment.
I believe our people want to know of
every opportunity through which they
can back the boys who are going to
Weather in Cotton States.
New Orleans, Oct. 9. ? Much colder
weather has overspread the cotton re
gion. Heavy to killing frost through
out Arkansas with temperatures
,26 to 30 devrees in north, and twenty
f.-ight to thirty-four in the south por
tion. Heavy to killing frost in west
ern Tennessee with temperatures
thirty-six degrees. Frost with freez
ing temperatures in portions of north
ern and central Mississippi, and frost
jn northern Louisiana with tempera
lures thirty-four to thirty-eight de
grees in north portion, and forty at
Lake Charles. Heavy to killing frost
in Oklahoma with temperatures twen
ty-eight to forty degrees; frost in
northern and central Texas with tem
peratures from thirty-four to forty
degrees. Temperature forty-two at
Houston. Frost in northern Alabama
with temperature from thirty-two to
Local showers mostly light, occurr
ed in eastern North Carolina, north
ern and western Georgia, Alabama,
Mississippi, eastern Louisiana, north
ern Texas, and extreme southern Ar
The State Fair.
The State Fair will be held in Ral
eigh next week. Wednesday has been
set apnr?: as Woman's Day and on
that day the Woman's Building at the
Fair will be dedicated. The principal
address will be by Hon. Jeannette
Rankin, Member of Congress from
Montan i. Miss Rankin will speak on
"Democracy and Government."
sack up into the pulpit beside the
preacher. ?This of course produced
some merriment. The pastor was say
ing a few words of appreciation for
the pounding and the rooster decided
he would take a hand and proceeded
to do so by standing beside the
preacher and crowing several times.
SELM A*S NEWS OF THE WEEK.
Dollar Day on in Full Blast and Peo
ple Crowding All Business Houses.
People Prominent in All the Activi
ties of Fife Arriving to Participate
In the Marriage of Popular Couple,
(?'amblers Fall Out, One Shot in the
Leg, the Other Takes to the Tall
Timbers. Many Personal Items.
Selmn, Oct. 11. ? Mr. Jim Liles m
went to Wendell Saturday night
where he spt nt Sunday with his pa
rents, Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Liles.
Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Roberts went
to Cary Wednesday to attend the fu
neral of Mrs. Roberta' sistt-r, Mrs.
Mr. C. P. Harper, the popular man
ager of the SelmA Drug Company,
is spending this week in northern
cities on business.
Deputy Sheriff J. H. Atkinson, of
Clayton, was in town Tuesday for a
few hours on business.
Among those to attend the Wayne
County Fair this week, we note
Messrs. C- G- Wiggs, E. Grant, C. F.
Kirby, and L. W. Brannan.
Miss Rowena Evans, bookkeeper
for the Pine Level Oil Mill, is in the
hospital ct Henderson for treatment.
We understand her condition is much
i m proved. 1 f
Misses Emma Leone Blackman re
turned this week from Rocky Mount,
where they had been to visit rela
tives and to attend the Fair.
Miss Mollie Brown returned Mon
day from Pine Level, where she had
been to spend the week-end with
Mr. John W. Blackman, of Rocky
Mount, came up Saturday to spend
some time with relatives here.
Mrs. Walter Watson returned to
her home in Raleigh this week, after
spending some time with the family
of Dr. R. J. Noble.
Miss Annie Noble went to GolHs
boro Wednesday where she was cne
of the judges in the china exhibit in
the Wayne County Fair.
As a result of a Sunday gambling
game lr.st Sunday afternoon, Will
Cary who worked for the railroad
construction force between here rnd
Pine Level, was shot with a pistol
through the leg. Rob. Durant, who did
the shooting, took to the tall timbers
and has not yet been apprehended.
Mrs. A. M. Noble, of Smithfield, is
here thia week the guest of thv family
of Dr. R. J. Noble. *
The crowning social event of the
season will be the marriage to-night
of Miss Lizzie Winston, the accom
plished daughter of Mr. M. C. Win
ston, to Mr. William G, Bropdfoot, of
Fayetteville. The ceremony will be
solemnized to-niglit at 8 o'clock in
the Baptist church and quite a bril
liant assemblage of people prominent
in this and other States will be pres
ent. After the ceremony, a reception
will be given at the home of the bride.
"It Pays to Advertise" is an old
newspaper adage, but nevertheless a
true one. To-day is Selma's Dollar
l>ay, and the crowds of eager buyers
who arc" thronging the stores of the
merchants who are taking part in this
Dollar Day sale is the proof of the
pudding. Three weeks* ago these mer
chants decided to put on a Dollar Day
and began the advertising at once.
This is the first Dollar Day ever held
in Selma and at 12 o'clock it looks
like the results will be all that could
ha^e been hoped for. The purchasers
are getting real bargains in these
days of high prices, and the mer
chants are given a chance to come in
to closer relationship with their cus
tomers and are given a chance to
show them other lines of merchan
dise. Dollar Day will be a regular
semi-annual occurrence in our hust
ling little city in the future.
Pigs For State Fair.
The boys of Johnston County are
urged to carry their nice pigs to the
State Fair at. Raleigh next week.
Prizes rrnging from five dollars for
best registered hog ? boar one year
old, or six months and under one year
? to one dollar. For registered sows
of the several breds the same prizes
are offered. In addition to all the
other prizes offered the pig club mem
bers will be allowed to compete/Tor all
the regular and special prizes in the
general classifications. All the ex
penses for the pigs that go to the
State Fair will be paid by the State
Many of the pig club boyg of the
county have fine pigs which would
make a very creditable showing at
the State Fair.