The Smithfield herald. (Smithfield, Johnston Co., N.C.) 188?-current, October 12, 1917, Image 1
YOU CAN BE A BONDHOLDER.1, Theodore Roosevelt Writes of People's : Duty to Aid War by Buying New Liberty Bonds, and Asserts Farmer and Wage Earner Have Same Chance as Hanker to 1'urchase and Hold Securities. Must Not Grumble, He Adds, if They Let Wall Street Become Biggest Purchaser. Theodore Roosevelt's editorial in the Kansas City Star for October 7th is as follows: Not many years ago one of the fav orite cries of those who wisjied to ex ploit for their own advantage the of ten justifiable popular unrest and dis content was that "The people were op pressed in the interest of the bond holders." The more ardent souls of this type wished to repudiate the na tional debt to "Wipe it out as with a sponge" in order to remove the "op pression." The bondholders were al ways held up as greedy creatures who had obtained an unfair advantage of the people as a whole. Well, the liberty loan now offers the chance to make the people and the bondholders interchangeable terms. The bonds are issued in such a way that the farmer and the wage worker have exactly the same chance as the banker tA^purchase and hold as many or as few as they wsh. No matter how small a man's means, he can get some part of a bond if he wshes. The, government and the big finan ciers are doing all they can to make the sale as widely distributed as pos sible. Seme bankers arc serving without j ay in the effort to put all the facts before the people as a whole, and so make the loan in very truth a people's loan. It rests with the peo ple themselves to decide whether it shall be such. The government must have the money. It is a patriotic duty to pur chase the bonds. And they offer an absolutely safe investment. The money invested is invested on the best secu rity in the world ? that of the United States, of the American nation itself. The money cannot be lost unless the United States is destroyed, and in that case we would all of us be crush ed anyhow, so that it would not make any difference. The people can, if they choose, now make themselves the bondholders. If they do not so choose and if they force Wall street to become the largest pur chaser of the bonds, which must be bought somehow, then they will have no right in the future to grumble about the bondholders as a special class. We can now, all of us, join that class if we wish. ? Copyright, Kansas City Star. SAVE TO-DAY FOR THE FUTURE. The United States Food Administra tion That Discipline Now Will Help Us to Meet Conditions That Will Confront Us After the War Is Over. Washington, Oct. 10. ? America's place in the industrial competition of nations that will follow peace will be determined in large part by the re sponse that the American people make to the coming foojl pledge week campaign. This is the belief of thr United States Food Administration and is one of the thoughts that is spurring on its forces in their prepa ration for enrolling the families of the nation in the cause of food con servation during the week oiUOctober 21st. "When the war is over," the Food Administration declared recently, "Europe will find herself a reduced standard of living, with a people greatly disciplined in alP directions and in a position to compete in the world's markets in a way that they never have been able before. Wc shall also face a world with a reduced con suming power, and unless we can se cure some discipline in our own peo ple, we will be in no position to meet that condition when peace comes." "The idea that the purpose of food saving is not alone the present one of ? teedirtg our army and the allies, is further developed by the belief of the Food Administration that wars are paid for out of the savings of the people. It is pointed out that the de cision is up to the American people right now, whether they arc to help pay for the present, conflict out of the savings of today, or after the war by mortgaging tKe futurp of the peo ple. A saving of six cents a day per person will amount to two billion dol lars a year." rHE FOOD REGISTRATION DAY. Saturday, October 20th, Everybody Is Asked to Go To the School Houses In the Several Districts and Regis ter For Food Conservation. The Food Administration Hit on This IMan as an Aid hi Our Allies. Saturday, the 20th tiny of October, has been set apart as Food Conserva tion Day and every school house in North Carolina will be open for the registration of the women of North Carolina as well as the men in the campairn looking to the conservation of the food of the United States and North Carolina to the end that each individual do his or her bit in the great war that is now going on. Ev ery man and woman in Johnston County are requested to go to the school house in his or her district on next Saturday week, October 20th- be tween the hours of 9:00 A. M. and 4:00 P. M., and register in this cam paign. The following card will be there to be signed: "To the Food Administrator: . "I am glad to join you in the ser vice of food conservation of our na tion, and I hereby accept member ship in the United States Food Ad ministration, pledging myself to car ry out the directions and advice of the Food Administrator in my home in so far as my circumstances permit. Name Street or R. F. D. No s. City State "There are no fees or dues to be paid. The Food Administration wish es to have as members all of those actually handling food in the home. Anyone may have a home cnrd of instructions, but only those signing pledges are entitled to membership window cards, which will be delivered upon receipt of the signed pledge." The men of the allied nations are fighting. They are not on the farms. The production of food by these coun tries has, therefore, been greatly re duced. Even before the war, it was much less than the amount consumed. The difference came from America and a few other countries. Now, this difference is greater than ever and, at the same time, but little food can be brought in from the outside except from America. Therefore, our allies depend on America for food as they have never depended before, and they ask us for it with a right which they have never had before, for today they are our companions in the great war for dem ocracy and liberty. They are doi?g the fighting, the suffering and dying ? in our war. Let us remember that every flag that flies opposite the German one is by proxy the American flag, and that the armies fighting in our defense under these flags cannot be. maintained through this winter un less thare is food enough for them and for their women and children at home. There can only be f#od enough if America provides it and America can only provide it by the personal service and patriotic co-operation of nil of us The small daily ser^ji; in "substi tution can be done by an; the saving in waste by the majority and the les sening of food consumed by many. This individual daily service in twen ty million kitchens and on twenty million tables, multiplied by one hun dred million ? wjiich is the sum total of all of us ? will make that total quantity which is the solution of the problem. The matter oomes even nearer home than the feeding of the allied armies since a number of our own troops have already gone to France and a great mony more Of the National Guard and regular army will be sent to Franco during the winter or early spring. In addition to this, a great many of our own men have been tak en from the farms to the training camps, and, while they may never see active service on the battle field, and certainly not for , quite awhile, yet they have to be fed and we at home must conserve our food products in order that they may be fed. Let every man and woman go to their respective school houses on Saturday, the 20th, between 9:00 o'clock in the morning and 4:00 o'clock in the afternoon and register for this service and thus become iden tified with one of the greatest armies of the earth. F. H. BROOKS, Food Administrator for Johnston Co. Smithfield, October 11, 1917. An obsolete ballad ? "Old King Coal Was a Merry Old Soul." NAVY PROGRAM <>l 787,VESSELS. The New Shi^s Will Include All Types From Super-Dreadnought to l'-l5oat Chaser. Total Cost $1,150,400,000. Six Shipbuilding Companies Will Handle the Contractu, W hich Soon Will lie Signed and l'ut Into Force. 1 Washington, Oct. 9. ? The Ameri can navy's war construction program ? consists of 787 vessels, including all ; types from super-dreadnought to sub- ' marine chasers. In making this an- j nouncement today Secretary Daniels said some of the vessels have been j completed within the past few weeks ; and are now in servce and that the re- | mainder of the program is being rush- i ed. The total cost is estimated at $1, 150,400,000. Many of the vessels are destroy ers and arrangements have been made i for carryng out the $350,000,000 sup- j plemental destroyer program which i the navy expects to be completed in eighteen months. Examination of contracts by the le gal representatives of the builders prevented the formal signing of the agreements today with the six com panies which are to build the craft, I but Mr. Daniels said only minor de- I tails stood in the way of getting the vessels under construction. The companies awarded the con tracts are the New York Shipbuilding Corporation, the Cramp Company, the Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry tlock Company, the Fore River Ship building Corporation, the Bath Iron Works and the Union Iron Works. The Fore River Company, Mr. Daniels explained, was the only one that had cffered to build more vessels than were awarded it. ? Secretary Daniels said he expected the first of the new destroyers within nine months. They will be of the latest, largest and improved type, which have just been tried by the American navy and found to be un surpassed by any destroyers in the world Thousands of men will be required to man these destroyers," the Secre tary's statement said, "and we are now busy training them. By the time the vessels are completed, the crews will be ready." PRESIDENT WILSON COM MENDS WORK OF CONGRESS Statement by the President, October G, 1917. ? The (55th Congress, now ad journed, deserves the gratitude and appreciation of a people whose will and purpose I believe it has faithfully . expressed. One can not examine the record of its action without being im pressel by its completeness, its cour age, and its full comprehension of a great task. The needs of tha Army and the Navy have been met in a way that assures the effectiveness of American arms, and the war-making branch of the Government has been abundantly equipped with the powers that wtre necessary to make the action of the Nation effective. I believe that it has also in equal degree, and as "far as possible in the face of war, safeguarded the rights of the people and kept in mind the considerations of social justice so of ten obscured in the hasty readjust ment of such a crisis. It seems to me that the work of this \ remarkable session has not only been done thoroughly but that it has also been done with the utmost dispatch possible in the circumstances or con sistent with a full consideration of the exceedingly critical matters dealt with. Best of all, it has left no doubt as to the spirit and determination of the country, but has affirmed them as loyally ar.d as emphatically as our fine soldiers will affirm them on the firing line. ? Woodrow Wilson. Colored School to Open. The Colored Gmded School, known as the Smithfield Traning School, will open next Tuesday. Prof. William Cooper, the principal, who has been spending the summer at Hampton, Va., returned to town Saturday and is busy getting matters ready for the op ening. A strong corps"of teachers has been selected and a good school is expected. Miss Rankin to Speak. Hon. Jeannctte Rr.nkin, member of Congress from Montana, will deliver three addresses in North Carolina next week ? at Wilson Monday; Win ston-Salem Tuesday, and at Raleigh Wednesday. AT THE CAPITAL OF BANNEIt. i Deputy Moore Finds Moon-shine Still but While (Join* for Help to Cap ture It the Still Disappears. Rooster Takes An Active I'urt in Pounding Exercises Tendered Methodist Min ister. Death of Mrs. Oscar Davis. Other Items of Interest. Benson, Oct. 11. ? Mr. Robert Creech has accepted a position with Mr. Alonzo Parrish and moved with his family to town. Miss Beatrice Goodrich, who has been teaching at Oak City, returned home this week. Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Godwin went up to Clayton and spent the day with reatives. Miss Lettie Mydgett h;>.s resigned as one of tho teachers here and gone to her home at Mr.nteo because of the illness of her sister. Mr. George Holland went to Flor ence, S. C., last Sunday and returned Monday. He went through the coun try on his car. Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Gordon anu Mrs. C. G. McCreight, of Hamlet, were here Sunday at the homo of Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Barbour. Mr. and Mrs. T. T. Lanier went to Chalybeate Springs last Sunday and spent the day with relatives. Mr. and Mrs. Holland, of Kenly, were here for a day or two recently at the home of Mr. and Mrs. George Holland. . Misse3 Julia Canaday, Lillie Cana day and Minnie Somers were visitors to Angier Sunday. Miss Mamie Grant, of Suffolk, Va., has been here for several days visit ing relatives and friends. Mr. J. M. Morgan and Mr. R. L. Penny were visitors to Smithfield Monday on business matters. Mr. and Mrs. Jim Creech, of Four kOaks, were here Sunday on a visit to relatives. Mr. R. T. Surles went up to Hen derson Monday on business, returning Wednesday. Mr. and Mrs. Clark, of Raleigh, have been here for the past few days visiting at the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Leo. Mr. W. C. Lassitcr, of Elevation townshio, was in the city for a short whie yesterday. Mr. J. E. Wilson, who has been in the Fayetteville hospital for the past few days with blood-poisoning, is re ported to be improving. Mr. R. G. Fitzgerald, of Bethel, was a visitor to the city Saturday and Sunday. Dr. F. T. Moore, S. F. Ivey and John Smith were visitors to Smith field Monday on business. Mrs. T. T. Lanier has accepted a po sition in the school here made vacant by the resignation of Miss Letitia Mydgett. Rev. jT. T. Stanford spent Tuesday in Fayetteville with Mr. J. E. Wilson, who is in the hospital there. Messrs. J. E. Ligon, A. 15. ITud.sbn, Pius Hudson and other Bensonians were in Smithfield Tuesday on busi HMt. Mr. Loyd Langdon, of Wade, was a visitor to our city Tuosdry for a short while. Mr. Raetus Stephenson, who is with the American Tobacco Company of Durham, was visiter to Matives here thn week. Messrs. E. S. Abell, Ed. Ward and G. M. Rose were, here for a while Tuesday afternoon on business be tween the city and the Ccast Line Railroad here. Mrs. Oscar Davis died at her home last Friday night and was buried Sat urday r.: Hodges Chapel. Mrs. Davis was a daughter of Mr. Moses Ivey and was forty-nine years old at the time of her death. Deputy Moore caught a moon-shine still in the city of Benson Sunday night. The still was being hidden out and was located by the officer, but while ho came up town for help to bring the still to the city lock-up, some one who was evidently taking a good deal of interest in the still, removed it, and as yet it has not been recaptured by the officers, al though information is now in the hands of the officers as to the party who moved the still. At a pounding of the Methodist preacher here last week at the prayer meeting services some one carried a rooster in as a present. The pack age, as were the others, was placed on tables near the pulpit. The roost er decided that he did not care to remain in the paper sack in which he was placed, gave a few flops with his wings and proudly walked out of the CONSERVE ANI) SAVE IS CUV. America Is Asked to Substitute Corn and Cereal Products for Wheat. This Is One Way in Which We Can Strengthen Our Allies. October 20 28 I.-. Designated as Food Pledge Week. Raleigh, Oct. 10. ? Word has come to the Food Administration here that a number of persons, chafing at con tinued high prices of food products and provoked because the government has not fixed prices on foodstutFs, have announced their intention of disre garding the suggestions of the Food Administration for the substitution of the plenti/ul products for those food products which are suited for export and which are desired by the govern ment for the maintenance of its ar mies and the" civilian population of the Allies. This matter was brought to the at tention of Food Administrator Henry A. Page yesterday. "This is a Dem ocracy," said Mr. Page. "Our people are free. They are privileged to eat what ever they desire if they have the prico. But if all America con tinued to eat its accustomed amount of sugar, the millions of French peo ple would be compelled to go without even their war ration of sugar for two months. "If all i\merica refused to substi tute corn and other cereal products for whent, and poultry, fish, game and other foods for beef and pork products the - armies of our Allies would be reduced in their physical condition to the point where hundreds of thousands of American boys would be needed above the number that will be required if we do keep our Allies' men in good fighting trim, and tens of thousands of old men, women and children would die of starvation in France, EJngland and Italy. "I can't believe that any loyal American will refuse to render that service at home which is so easy when they realize that the failure to render such service will cost the lives f of more of our own soldiers and of innumerable soldiers and of innumer able women and children on the other side. "The housewives of this State, and of the entire country, will be given an opportunity during the week of October 20th-28th, which is food pledge week, to put down In black and white where they stand and I am looking for a 100 per cent enrollment. I believe our people want to know of every opportunity through which they can back the boys who are going to the trenches." Weather in Cotton States. New Orleans, Oct. 9. ? Much colder weather has overspread the cotton re gion. Heavy to killing frost through out Arkansas with temperatures ,26 to 30 devrees in north, and twenty f.-ight to thirty-four in the south por tion. Heavy to killing frost in west ern Tennessee with temperatures thirty-six degrees. Frost with freez ing temperatures in portions of north ern and central Mississippi, and frost jn northern Louisiana with tempera lures thirty-four to thirty-eight de grees in north portion, and forty at Lake Charles. Heavy to killing frost in Oklahoma with temperatures twen ty-eight to forty degrees; frost in northern and central Texas with tem peratures from thirty-four to forty degrees. Temperature forty-two at Houston. Frost in northern Alabama with temperature from thirty-two to forty-two degrees. Local showers mostly light, occurr ed in eastern North Carolina, north ern and western Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, eastern Louisiana, north ern Texas, and extreme southern Ar kansas. * The State Fair. The State Fair will be held in Ral eigh next week. Wednesday has been set apnr?: as Woman's Day and on that day the Woman's Building at the Fair will be dedicated. The principal address will be by Hon. Jeannette Rankin, Member of Congress from Montan i. Miss Rankin will speak on "Democracy and Government." sack up into the pulpit beside the preacher. ?This of course produced some merriment. The pastor was say ing a few words of appreciation for the pounding and the rooster decided he would take a hand and proceeded to do so by standing beside the preacher and crowing several times. t SELM A*S NEWS OF THE WEEK. Dollar Day on in Full Blast and Peo ple Crowding All Business Houses. People Prominent in All the Activi ties of Fife Arriving to Participate In the Marriage of Popular Couple, (?'amblers Fall Out, One Shot in the Leg, the Other Takes to the Tall Timbers. Many Personal Items. Selmn, Oct. 11. ? Mr. Jim Liles m went to Wendell Saturday night where he spt nt Sunday with his pa rents, Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Liles. Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Roberts went to Cary Wednesday to attend the fu neral of Mrs. Roberta' sistt-r, Mrs. Laura Harris. Mr. C. P. Harper, the popular man ager of the SelmA Drug Company, is spending this week in northern cities on business. Deputy Sheriff J. H. Atkinson, of Clayton, was in town Tuesday for a few hours on business. Among those to attend the Wayne County Fair this week, we note Messrs. C- G- Wiggs, E. Grant, C. F. Kirby, and L. W. Brannan. Miss Rowena Evans, bookkeeper for the Pine Level Oil Mill, is in the hospital ct Henderson for treatment. We understand her condition is much i m proved. 1 f Misses Emma Leone Blackman re turned this week from Rocky Mount, where they had been to visit rela tives and to attend the Fair. Miss Mollie Brown returned Mon day from Pine Level, where she had been to spend the week-end with friends. Mr. John W. Blackman, of Rocky Mount, came up Saturday to spend some time with relatives here. Mrs. Walter Watson returned to her home in Raleigh this week, after spending some time with the family of Dr. R. J. Noble. Miss Annie Noble went to GolHs boro Wednesday where she was cne of the judges in the china exhibit in the Wayne County Fair. As a result of a Sunday gambling game lr.st Sunday afternoon, Will Cary who worked for the railroad construction force between here rnd Pine Level, was shot with a pistol through the leg. Rob. Durant, who did the shooting, took to the tall timbers and has not yet been apprehended. Mrs. A. M. Noble, of Smithfield, is here thia week the guest of thv family of Dr. R. J. Noble. * The crowning social event of the season will be the marriage to-night of Miss Lizzie Winston, the accom plished daughter of Mr. M. C. Win ston, to Mr. William G, Bropdfoot, of Fayetteville. The ceremony will be solemnized to-niglit at 8 o'clock in the Baptist church and quite a bril liant assemblage of people prominent in this and other States will be pres ent. After the ceremony, a reception will be given at the home of the bride. "It Pays to Advertise" is an old newspaper adage, but nevertheless a true one. To-day is Selma's Dollar l>ay, and the crowds of eager buyers who arc" thronging the stores of the merchants who are taking part in this Dollar Day sale is the proof of the pudding. Three weeks* ago these mer chants decided to put on a Dollar Day and began the advertising at once. This is the first Dollar Day ever held in Selma and at 12 o'clock it looks like the results will be all that could ha^e been hoped for. The purchasers are getting real bargains in these days of high prices, and the mer chants are given a chance to come in to closer relationship with their cus tomers and are given a chance to show them other lines of merchan dise. Dollar Day will be a regular semi-annual occurrence in our hust ling little city in the future. Pigs For State Fair. The boys of Johnston County are urged to carry their nice pigs to the State Fair at. Raleigh next week. Prizes rrnging from five dollars for best registered hog ? boar one year old, or six months and under one year ? to one dollar. For registered sows of the several breds the same prizes are offered. In addition to all the other prizes offered the pig club mem bers will be allowed to compete/Tor all the regular and special prizes in the general classifications. All the ex penses for the pigs that go to the State Fair will be paid by the State there. Many of the pig club boyg of the county have fine pigs which would make a very creditable showing at the State Fair.