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VOLUME 36 SMITH FIELD, N. C? FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1917. Number 77
TWO lT. S. SOLDIERS KILLED.
Five Others Wounded During Fight
ing in France. Casulties Occurred
During Artillery Combat.
Washington, Nov. 27. ? Two Ameri
can soldiers were killed and five were
severely wounded in the artillery com
bat with the Germans November 20,
General Pershing reported today.
Those killed were: Private Harry L.
Miller, field artillery, Baker, Ore.;
Private Charlts Rissmiller, field Tirtil
lery, Reading, Pa.
The severely wounded are: Ser
geant Julian M. Peek, Hartwell, Ga.;
Sergeant Andrew' Engstrom, Fort
Still, Okla.; Private Harry C. Wat
kins, North Bend, Ore.; Private Oscar
F. Jones, Lucas, Ohio; Private Jcseph
Lewitt, Mount Holly, N. J.
All are artillerymen.
THE NEWS AT SELMA.
Selma, N. C., Nov. 29.? Moss. J. M.
Stone and Charlie Pippin, of Fre
mont, spent last Sunday with the
family of Mr. R. E. Richardson.
Rev. H. H. Honoycutt, of Powells
ville, filled the pulpit at the Baptist
church last Sunday in the absence of
the pastor, and preached a powerful
sermon to a large audience.
Mess. T. C. Henry and W. L. Stancil
spent last Sunday with friends in
Mrs. S. A. Godwin left yesterday
to spend the week-end with her par
ents near Old Union church.
Mr. W. A. Henry, of near Kcnly, has
been here this week visiting relatives.
Mr. Jno. I. Barnes, of Clayton, was
here for a few hours yesterday on
Mr. F. B. Whitley spent Sunday in
Wilders township with relatives and
Miss Hazel Hamilton returned to
Durham Monday afternoon spending
the week-end with her mother, Mrs.
Mr. D. B. Wilder, of Clayton, was
in town Tuesday for a few hours on
Thanksgiving Services will be held
tonight at the Baptist church begin
ning promptly at 7:30 o'clock. A
special program has been arranged for
Rev. Chas. E. Stevens and Rev. J.
G. Johnson will be the principal speak
ers at Bible and Flag Presentation at
the Hatcher school house near here
today. The ceremonies will be under
the auspicies of the Jr. O. U. A. M.
Beginning December the 1st will be
a change in the services at the Bap
tist church. The church is now having
services three Sundays in each month,
and this will be changed, to two Sun
days in each month. Services will be
held morning and evening on the
second and fourth Sundays.
Mrs. C. W. Richardson is in Raleigh
this, week visiting Mrs. E. V. Denton
who is very ill. Mrs. Denton is a
sister of our townsman, Mr. L. D.
Misses Maude Shamburger and
Alice Harsh are house guests of Mrs.
N. E. Edgerton at her beautiful home
on Railroad street this week.
The Knitting Club of the Local Red
Cross was entertained Tuesday after
noon by Mrs. W. G. Ward at her home
on Massey street. Dainty refresh
ments were served and the occasion
was a very enjoyable one to all pres
ent. " 0
Mr. N. E. Edgerton, Jr., arrived
today from Trinity College to spend
Thanksgiving with his parents, Mr.
and Mrs. N. E. Edgerton.
Mr. Kayton Hamilton, of Randolph
Mason Academy, arrived Tuesday to
spend some time here with relatives
for the benefit of his halth. ?
Mr. B. H. Woodard and Miss Bertha
Woodard arrived yesterday to spend
Thanksgiving with relatives here.
Superintendent E. H. Moser and
Prof. W. C. Williams left yesterday
for Charlotte to attend the Teachers
Assembly in session there.
Mr. and Mrs. E. V. Woodard spent
last Friday in Raleigh, and attended
the Birth of the Nation at the Aca
demy of Music.
Mrs. Arthur J. Oliver returned Sun
day from a visit to her parents in the
Sanders Chapel section.
Mr. Thomas Parker and Miss Lillic
Ward were married Wednesday at
the home of the bride near Se!ma.
We are informed that Mr. Wade
Brown who is now with the Johnston
County Farmers Union will open an
up-to-date Hardware store here on
The third number of the Lyceum
Attractions bein?; held in Selma this
season was given at the graded school
auditorium Tuesday night, and was
enjoyed by a large crowd.
Practically all the stores are closed
today, so that the proprietors and
clerks can enjoy and observe Thanks
In this issue of The Herald appears
an advertisement announceing and
explaining the Pay-Up-Week and Dol
lar Day to be held in Selma in Decem
ber. The merchants will offer special
inducements to their customers who
settle their bills during this week, Dec.
10th to 15th. On Thursday, Decem
ber 13th, "Dollar Day" many attrac
tive bargains in staple merchandise
will be offered. The individual adds of
the merchants will appear in later
issues of The Herald.
The ladies of the Circles of the
Methodist church will hold n bazar
December 14th and 15th. Attractive
booths of fancy work, knitting, bags,
canned fruits etc. will be on display.
Many articles suitable for Christmas
gifts will be displayed, and it is hoped
the booths will be liberally patronized.
Chicken salad, coffee, hot chocolate
and sandwiches will be served.
The Municiapal wood yard is a real
ity. The City Fathers have rented and
fenced in a lot on the corner of Wad
dell and Webb streets and the wood is
being brought in daily. Mayor Temple
says that more than. 400 cords have
been contracted for, and can be deliv
ered at once. They have also arranged
to have the wood sawed up and deliv
ered. wliert it is so desired by the buy
ers. This patriotic move will be appre
ciated by the public and will no doubt
save to our people much suffering
when the icy winds of winter really
begin to blow.
TUESDAY IN THE GREAT WAR.
Inside Russia the unsettled condi
tion of affairs daily seems to be grow
ing more serious. All communication
now has been severed between north
and south Russia, even the foreign
embassies in Petrograd being unable
to get in touch with Odessa and other
points to the south. Unofficial advices
are to the effcct that the Russian
northern army is in dire straits for
food, having had no bread for several
Around the village of Bourlon and
Bourlon wood and about Fontain
Notre Dame in the region of Cambrai
the Britist troops are keeping hard
after -the Germans. In both sectors
General Byng's forces again have
made considerable progress especially
at Fontaine, where, having evicted
by the Germans after the initial drive
of last week, they again have obtain
ed a footing in the town and have ad
vanced almost to the main street. A
heavy concentration of enemy machine
guns in the Folie wood did not succeed
in stopping the British advance. The
southern portion of Bourlon village
also was entered by the British after
a hot fight, but after having rescued
some of their troops who had been
isolated there for sometime the Brit
ish withdrew to their orignal posi
Possibly in a supreme endeavor to
break the Italian line before British
and French reinforcements enter the
fray, the Austro-Germans, comprising
an entire division, have attacked the
Italians in the Brenta valley, on the
northern sector of the Italian front.
Like similar, though smaller, attacks
during recent days the offensive was
stopped by the Italian artillery and
infantry, the enemy suffering heavy
losses in men killed and made prison
er. Four additional attacks between
the Brenta and Piave rivers also were
put down with severe casualties and
everywhere tha Italians held their
Another American steamer, the
Actaeon, a former German vessel, has
been sunk by a German submarine.
Boats containg 21 survivors have
boats with additional members of the
crew are missing.
Notwithstanding ths violence of the
fighting in the Cambrai region last
week, the British casualties were sev
eral thousand less than the week pre
vious, totalling 30,314. ? Associated
Leslie Flowers, 9-year-old son of
Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Flowers, of the
Barnesville section, of Robeson Coun
ty, is in the Thompson Hospital at
Lumberton with his left leg broken
below the knee as the result of petting
caught under a disc harrow. It is
thought amputation will be necessary,
says a dispatch to the News and Ob
NEWS ITEMS FROM KENLY.
Kenly, Nov. 26. ? Sunday afternoon
at three o'clock, the Rev. C. K. Proctor,
pastor of the Methodist Church at
Selma, delivered a most excellent ad
dress in the high school auditorium
on: "The Red Cross and Its Work."
The stage was artistically decorated
with national and Red Cross flags,
ferns, and many beautiful flowers. The
several church choirs of the town
jointly rendered the music, with Mrs.
Jarvis Edgerton at the piano.
Mr. Proctor, after an appropriate
presentation by the Rev. C. P. Jerome,
spoke for half an hour essentially as
"During the last three years, a
sentiment has swept over the world j
to the effect that Chistianity has fail- j
ed. If it has not failed, asks the scep
tic, Why did it not prevent the great
world war? Again, if Christianity is
a vital force in the world today, why j
does it not stop the war now? Still j
another question is raised: If Christi- 1
anity is alive, why doesn't it do some- !
thing for the millions who are suffer
"The first two questions may be !
completely answered by asking a coun
ter question: Why has not God in His ;
wisdom and power already eradicated j
all evil of every kind from the earih !
and from the - i's of men? Let him I
who would d:c .it i_* to C' ' s. or that.
The third qu;s.i_n r .y b lswered
complete1'- ard sat'*'" \cto-;ly by a
brief recital of fact^.
"No ra n who has eyes and ability
to think can question the great work
that the spirit of Christianity is doing
for the world today. The day was
when men fed upon creeds, but th;it
day is gone forever. Christianity is
bearing fruit now. Who provides cach
soldier at the front with. -a copy of the
Word of God? Who is it that is mak
ing the life of the boys in the camptf
very much like their former life
around the fire-side? Who ii >,v.ing
out upon the battlefields of the nations
and caring for the millions of wounded
heroes there? All of my questions
can be answered with one statement:
Suffering humanity is being admin
istered to by the people the world over
who arc filled with the spirit of Christ.
"This spirit of Christ is manifesting
itself in many ways, but perhaps
through the Red Cross Society it is
doing its greatest work, and I want to
commend this organization to you. It
may be that you cannot go to France.
Perhaps you cannot make battleships.
But you can join the Red Corss So
ciety. You can give your dollar, your
five dollars, or a thousand, it may be;
and you can rally to the Flag. Let no
man place even the weight of a straw
in the way of this great work, but let
us all fight with all the strength we
have to win this war, and win it soon,
for humanity and for God."
After the address, a collection was
Three Thanksgiving programs will
be rendered in Kenly this week. Mon
day night in the high school audi
torium, a large number of the school
children will render a delightful pro
gram followed by a box-party by the
girls' Athletic Association. Thursday
morning in the Methodist church, Rev.
C. P. Jerome, pastor of the church, will
deliver a special sermon to the peo
ple of the community. Thursday even
ing in the Free-Will Baptist church,
the Rev. S. H. Styron, the pastor, will
deliver a sermon to the people of the
community; also, an orphan-day pro
gram will be rendered. A collection
was taken in the Methodist church for
the Methodist Orphanage at Raleigh,
and the contributions amounted to a
bit more than sixty dollars.
Meeting of Farmers Union.
Members of the Johnston County
Branch Farmers Union are requested
to attend County meeting in Selma,
Thursday, December 6th, 10 A. M., to
meet our Farm Demonstrator, Mr.
Johnson, and hear the fertilizer ques
tion discussed; and the part the Gov
ernment will take in supplying the
farmers. Others perhaps will also be
The Stockholders meeting will con
vene at 11:30.
W. C. HARPER, Sec'y.
William B. Wilson, Secretary of
Labor, head of President Wilson's
mediation commission which has
been hearing industrial disputes in the
West, was removed from his private
var Tuesday to a hotel suffering from
a break-down and a severe cold.
WEDNESDAY'S WAR NEWS.
Sunday next has been set by the
Germans as the date for a conference
with the Bolaheviki leaders for the
purpose of negotiating an armistice.
The arrangement for the discussion
followed a visit of representatives of
the Bolsheviki to the German military
authorities on the Teuton side of the
fighting front in Russia. The Ger
mans apparently gave quick acquie
scence to the proposal of the Rus
sians for an armistice looking to an
ultimate peace, for only a few hours
intervened between the visit of the
Russians to the German line and ac
ceptance by the Germans of the .pro
position made to themT
While the negotiations are expected
to embrace an armistice on all the
fronts of the belligerent countries it is
certain that the entente allies will give
no heed to the overtures, either of the
Bolsheviki who comprise the radical
section of the Russians who long have
desired Russia to cease fighting, or of
the Germans, who for even a greater
period of time have been endeavoring
to put into operation negotiations for
a peace that would prove a suitable
one for themselves and their allies.
That the Bolsheviki leaders are dis
trustful of the Germans although they
have agreed to enter into negotiations
for an armistice is apparent from the
fact that Ensign Krylenko, the Bol
sheviki commander-in-chief, has or
dered, pending the conference, that
there shall be no fraternizing on the
part of the Russians with the Germans
and advised vigilance and caution by
Meanwhile the great inter-allied
conference t!T" preparing to convene in
Paris and doubtless at it will be dis
cussed all phases of the tangled situ
ation in Russia and some method
agreed-upon to bring the disaffection
to an end and permit of the Russian
army taking up the gage of battle
again or of putting the Bolsheviki ele
ment in the category of an ally of the
On the fighting front in Northern
France the battle between the British
and Germans for points of vantage
around Cambrai continued throughout
Tuesday night, but on Wednesday died
down to somewhat small proportions.
The Germans had brought up large
numbers of reinforcements and the
fighting for Bourlon village, the Bour
lon wood and Fontaine Notre Dame
was waged with great bitterness, the
positions several times changing
hands. East and northeast of Ypres
violent artillery activity is in progress
especially on the sector of P:isschen
dale, and it seems probable that an
other big battle in this region is brew
To the south of the region of St.
Quentin, north of the Aisen, and in the
vicinity of Verdun, there have been
small infantry operations, with the ad
vantage resting with the French
The Italians continue to hold tena
ciously to their northern front be
tween the Branta and Piave rivers
against the Austro-Gcrman forces,
who have been unable, in repeated
attacks, to gain additional terrain. An
armistice in order that they might
bury their numerous dead has been
requested by the Austrians, but owing
to lack of faith in the enemy's inten
tions the Italians refused to grant it.
Major-General Maurice, chief director
of military operations at the British
war office, upon whose official state
ments much importance is placed, an
nounces that the crisis in Italy has
Jerusalem is within sight of the
British forces operating in Palestine,
but Turks in force have been gathered
about the city and it is not improbable
that a great battle will have to be
fought for its possession. To meet the
emergency the British are hurriedly
bringing additional men, guns and
Twenty-one British merchantmen
were sunk by mines or submarines last
week four more in the aggregate than
were sent to the bottom the previous
week. ? Associated Press Summary.
Friday, December 7, and Sunday,
December 0, will be known as "Red
Envelope Day" in Raleigh for the
Raleigh Rotary Club are going to
place in every home in the city a large
envelope asking for the Associated
Charities and have designated this
fund th? Home Suffering Emergency
Fund. This method is hoped to raise
a large amount for immediate use in
alleviating suffering and hunger
among the poor of the city.
THE WEEK'S NEWS IN BENSON.
Benson, Nov. .29. ? Born unto Mr.
and Mrs- J. B. Moore last Friday a
baby boy. 1
Mr. J. P. Benson, of Raleigh, was a 1
visitor to Benson Monday afternoon.
Mrs. J. E .Wilson and children spent ]
last Sunday and Monday in Sampson i
County with relatives.
Mr. George Moore and R. L. Flowers <
have been in Raleigh this week attend
ing Federal Court. i
A baby boy of the ten-pound variety ;
arrived at the home of Mr. and Mrs.
R. F. Smith Monday night.
Mr. J. M. Langdon, of Pleasant
Grove was here yesterday spending
the day on business.
The throe months old child of Mr.
and Mrs. Sam Stono died yesterday
morning: after a short ilness, and will i
be buried today in the cemetery.
Messrs. George Hall, Jas. Raynor, <
Ira Raynor, J. R. Barbour and other
Bonsonitcs were in Raleigh Wednes- '
Mr. H. W. Weeks who has been in
Rabinsville for the past few months
is home on a short visit to relatives
before goinp to Camp Jackson.
Mr. and Mrs. Marvin Johnson, of
Coats, were here yesterday on busi
ness matters for a while.
Mr. W. IT. Vace, of Raleigh, was a ?
visitor to our city yesterday in the
interest of the Atlantic Insurance Co. ?
of Va. i
Mr. Adjie Godwin, of Coats, was
here yesterday to visit relatives for a
Mr. John Britt, of Newton Grove,
was here Tuesday and Wednesday :
spending the time with his son, Mr. I
M. T. Britt. <
Mr. and Mrs. B. A. Norris, of Ral- <
eigh, have been here this week visiting <
relatives and friends. !
Mr. R. U. Barbour left yesterday for I
Tennessee where he will buy several i
car loads of mules and horses. 1
Mr. W. R. Denning was a visitor to 1
Henderson Monday on business mat- 1
Mrs. Edgar Johnson is spending a
few days here with relatives. She will '
return to Oxford the last of the week. 1
Mr. Ira B. Raynor went to Raleigh
and had his tonsils removed the first '
of the week. 1
Mrs. C. S. Pipkin, of Lillington, is '
here on a visit to her daughter, Mrs. i
J. E. Ligon.
Chief of Police Henry was a visitor i
to Raleigh this we?k attending the
Mr. W. H. Royal and C. W. Hall
were in Raleigh for a short while the ?
first of the week on business. *
Mr. Dudley Norris, of Camp Jack- 1
son, S. C., is home for a few days with 1
his parents near Benson.
Mr. and Mrs. J. R. McLamb went to 1
Raleigh Tuesday spending the day and >
returning in the evening.
Miss Janie Holt, of Jonesboro, has
been here for the past few days on a
visit to her sister Mrs. J. B. Faircloth.
Capt. J. W. Goodrich who has been
in the A. C. L. service at Pinners
Point for the past several weeks was *
home Sunday to visit his family.
Mr. and Mrs. Howard Creech who 1
have been spending some time with
relatives in and near Cary returned
Practically all the stores in Benson ;
will be closed today for Thanksgiving.
Mrs. J. H. Rose and children left
this morning for Raleigh where they '
will visit friends for a few days.
The five-year-old boy of Jeff John
son, colored, was burned to death here
yesterday afternoon. His clothing 1
caught and before the flames could be
extinguished the boy was burned so j
badly that death resulted.
Forty-Four Deaths in Last 11 Days.
Alexandria, La. Nov. 27. ? Although ,
there were no additional deaths re
ported at Camp Beauregard tonight i
it was announced by Dr. Oscar Dowl- ,
ing, president of the state board of
health, that 44 soldiers have died dur- !
ing the past 11 days. Twenty deaths
were from pneumonia, 10 from mea
sles and four from spinal meningitis. ,
No cause was given for ten of the
deaths. The total deaths for the past
three days ending at noon today total
hdft " i.
The Southern Bell Telephone Com
pany and the Carolina Power and
Light Company will put all their wires
in Goldsboro underground.
Dr. F. Smith and Mrs. L. J. Best, of
Dunn, spent Thanksgiving here with
thf* family of Mr. W. M. Sanders.
FIFTY-EIGHT WERE IN
CBS* OF THE ACTEON.
New York, Nov. 27. ? Fifty-eight
men including 31 Americans composed
the crew of the American steamer
Actaeon, reported sunk off the Euro
pean coast. A dispatch from London
today saying 21survivors had reached
Port Camarinas, Spain, and that the
other members of the crew were miss
ing, made no mention of United States
naval gunners aboard. Names of none
appear in the records of the federal
shipping commissioned here, but it is
assumed some were on board, inas
much as the vessel was controlled by
the shipping board.
Formerly the German steamship
Adamsturm, of f>,000 tons gross, the
Actaeon left New York early in Oc
tober, carrying government supplies
for Uordeaux. It is believed she was
on the return voyage when sunk. She
was commanded by W. J. Johnson.
The vessel was built in Germany in
1909 and was seized by this govern
ment after the war with Germany be
The American ritizens on board
included U. B. Grady, coal passer,
Bellhaven, N. C.
The Actaeon is the first of the sei
zed German steamships to be sunk
while in American trade.
Camarinas is a" small Spanish town
13 miles southeast of Corunna, in
northwestern Spain on the Atlantic.
Top-Dressing on Winter Wheat.
As farm overseer for an estate of
?six rented farms, I have always found
ihe problem of securing good stands
>f red clover one of baffling and often
discouraging perplexities. A great
ieal of soil under my management is
slightly acid and of low humus con
tent, and in working for permanent
improvement the program of manure,
limestone and clover, as advocated by
the Illinois Experiment Station, has
been adopted. Fields J,o be sown to
wheat and clover in the spring are
first manured, plowed, then given a
three-ton-to-the-acre application of
This plan has invariably resulted in
excellent stands of clover, even on
level, light, gray soils; but anyone who
has had any experience in managing
rented farms will appreciate the dif
ficulties of trying to induce* some
renters to spread lime dust.
Thus only parts of two fields of
wheat sown to clover in the spring of
1916, received the specified application
of manure and limestone. To counter
act this lack of fertilizer the alterna
tive of top-dressing the balance of the
fields with short manure during mid
winter was seized upon. The unferti
lized portion of each field was given
an application of six spreader loads of
manure to the acre, with gratifying
In the summer the Middle West ex
perienced one of the worst droughts
in its entire history. The young and
tender clover plants were the first to
feel the burning effects of the unusual
heat. A careful inspection last fall
of each field disclosed the fact that
those particular parts of each field
which were manured and limed showed
practically no clover whatever; where
as those parts which were top-dressed
had a good stand of clover.
And this is not all: Last winter we
had our wheat fields bared to ten be
low zero weather, and all our old
weather prophets predicted utter ruin
for both wheat and clover. But the
clover on the top-dressed soil defied all
precedents, and came forth fresh and
prreen at the first call of spring. ? W. J.
Koch, in Country Gentleman.
Death of Mrs. D. C. Lee.
A correspondent writes us that on
the 27th of October the death angel
entered the home of Mr. D. C. Lee and
bore away the spirit of his wife. She
was 41 years of age.- She had been a
grreat sufferer for about three years.
She united with the Primitive Baptist
church about fifteen years ago and
lived a faithful member, attending
the services of her church regularly as
long as she was able. She was the
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Wood
nil who survive her. Besides, she
leaves a husband, two brothers and
five sisters and a host of relatives and
friends to mourn her departure. A
good woman has gone to her reward.
She will be greatly missed.
Since time is not a person we can
overtake when he is past; let us honor
him with mirth and cheerfulness of
heart while he i? passing. ? Goethe.