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THE JACOB JONES SUNK.
United States Destroyer Sent
to Bottom by German Subma
rine. Torpedoed Thursday
Night and 41 Men Out of 110
Reported Saved. Commander
David Worth Barley Among
Sunday morning's papers car
ried the bad news that the
United States Destroyer Jacob
Jones had been torpedoed and
sunk by a German submarine in
the war zone. The Jacob Jones
wes commanded by David Worth
Bagley, brother-in-law of Jose
ph us Daniels, Secretary of the
Navy. It was first reported that
Commander Bagley was lost,
but later news reported him
among those saved. * x
The news in yesterday's
Washshington Post in regard to
the disaster is as follows:
"Further reports from Vice
Admiral Sims yesterday began
to unfold the story of the torpe
doing of the destroyer Jacob
Jones, but did not lessen the toll
of lives lost with the ship. Only
forty-four of 110 or more offi
cers and men aboard are known
to have survived, including one
unidentified man picked up and
carried off by the submarine
that struck the blow.
The report yesterday added to
the list of dead Lieut. Stanton
F. Kalk, a young officer whose
name did not appear on the first
roster of the ship's company. He
died of explosure. The dis
patches gave no further details
of the escape of Lieut Comdr.
B^gley and biie other survivors,
but they contained the names of
seventeen of the rescued in ad
dition to those announced last
night. Gunner Harry R. Hood
was killed by the explosion.
There was no time to make
provision against the cold and
the sea as the crew leaped to the
Many probably had died with
Gunner Hood in the explosion of
the steam bursts that undoubt
edly followed it.
The U-boat commander made
sure before he exposed his craft
that the destroyer had gone
down. He took no chances of a
last shot from her guns which
might send him and his vessel
also to their reckoning.
WAR WITH AUSTRIA-HUNGARY.
Only One Vote Is Cast Against War
Resolution. Passes the Senate
Unanimously, While Representative
London Opposed It in House.
Washington, Dec. 7. ? War between
the United States and Austria-Hun
gary was formally declared today.
Congress with one dissenting vote
in the House, adopted and President
Wilson approved a resolution declar
ing existence of a state of war be
tween "the imperial and royal Austro
Hungarian government and the gov
ernment and people of the United
States " authorizing the President to
employ the armed forces and pledging
its resources to victory.
The resolution, the response of con
gress to the President's request in
his address Tuesday, is similar to that
passed April 6, declaring war with
Germany. Ie became effective at 5:03
p. m. today when it was signed by the
executive without formality. An ex
ecutive proclamation will follow short
After but one hour's debate the res
olution was unamiously adopted by
the senate with an affirmative vote of
74. It was approved by the house, 363
to 1, Representative London, the New
York socialist, casting the only dis
senting vote. A few minutes later
Vice-Pre <ident Marshall and Speaker
Clark had signed the document and
sent it to the White House where
President Wilson attached his signi
ture with Secretary Tumulty and As
sistant Secretary Forster as the only
TWO THOUSAND ARE KILLED.
Disaster at Halifax May Rank as
Most Fearful in History of Ameri
can Continent. French Munitions
Vessel Rammed by Belgium Relief
Ship ? Fire Followed Explosion.
Halifax, N. S.( Dec. 6. ? With the
toll of dead steadily mounting it was
believed early this morning that more
than 2,000 persons perished in the ex
plosion and fire which followed the
collision yesterday morning in Hali
fax harbor between a munitions-laden
French ship and another vessel, the
Imo, loaded with supplies for the Bel
gian! relief commission.
The disaster, which has plunged
the Dominion into mourning, probably
will rank as the most fearful that ever
occurred on the American continent.
Residents of Halifax and thousands
of volunteer relief workers who have
come into the city have been almost
dazed at the extent of the horror.
Virtually every building in the city
which could be converted into a hos
pital is filled with wounded, ^many of
them so desperately injured that there
is no hope of their recovery. Scores
already have died in these temporary
hospitals. An ever increasing num-'
ber is being taken from the completely
devastated Richmond district to the
The city was in darkness tonight ex
cept for the flames from the fires still
burning in the wrecked buildings in
the north end. Kerosene lamps fur
nished the illumination by means of
which surgeons and doctors toiled he
roically throughout the night caring
for the injured.
Soldiers, sailors and police patroled
the streets tonight and upon them fell
the major portion of the burden of
searching among the ruins for the
dead and wounded. The Canadians
were assisted in the work by sailors
from an American warship in the har
bor. * ?
The flame-swept area covers approx
imately two and a half square miles.
It begins at what is known as the
North Street bridge extending north
tp pier 8 on the Richmond waterfront
and back to a point running parallel
with Gottingen street. Nothing has
been left standing in this section of
the city. Only a pile of smouldering
ruins marks the spot whe^e the great
building o^the American Sugar Refin
ing Company stood. The drydock and
all the buildings which surrounded it
were destroyed. The Richmond school
that housed hundreds of children was
demolished and it is reported only
Canadian officers who have seen
long service in France characterize
the catastrophe as "the most fearful
which has befallen any city in the
Chief of Police Hanrahan late last
night estimated the number of killed
at 2,000 and other city officials ex
pressed the belief that it would ex
ceed that number.
DO SOME FALL PLOWING.
One important piece of the spring
work which can often be gotten out of
the way in the fall and early winter to
good advantage is a part at least of
the plowing. Officials of the Agricul
tural Extension Service of the North
Carolina Agricultural College gives
the following arguments in its favor:
1. There is more time in fall than
spring and every day saved can be
used for preparing and planting when
the spring rush comes.
2. Hired help can be kept employed
at this and other winter work instead
/?f being turned off and lost.
3. Teams are harder and in better
working condition in fall, and the
weathdr is cooler for the heavy work.
4. Land is generally in good con
dition to turn in fall, which may be
too wet early or too dry late if left
5. Stiff, "bakey" soils may be crum
bled and improved in condition and
some plant-food freed by exposure to
freezing and thawing.
6. Tough sods will rot more quickly
if falWplowed, and can be dished up
into a better seed-bed with less labor.
7. Fall-plowed land, left rough, will
absorb more water and melting snow.
8. Wire worms, white grubs, and
other insect pests, as well as shallow
rooted weeds such as garlic and weedy
grasses, are injured and often killed
by turning up and freezing.
Light soiK subject to washing
should not be plowed in the fall. There
is little danger of difficulty in working
fall-plowed land up loose and mellow,
if a disk harrow is used when moisture
conditions are, right. ? Farm Bulletin.
DEAD OVER FOLK THOUSAND.
Estimate Made After Survey of De
vastetl District at Halifax. It is
Probable that a Month Will Elapse
lief ore the Debris Is Cleared. Giv
ing Aid to Living. After Night
of Storm and Snow the Weather
Cleared Saturday ? More than Foot
of Snow Covers the Stricken City.
Halifax, N. C-, Dec. 8. ? Four thous
and persons wore killed in the burning
and destruction of buildings resulting
from the explosion of a munitions ship
in the harbor Thursday, according to
estimates tonight by officials. This
estimate, higher than any heretofore,
was made after a survey of the de
vastated district of Richmond, where
acres of debris probably will not be
cleared for a month.
Men of the naval forces dragged the
water front today and recovered the
bodies of 200 sailors, soldiers and
Halifax has ceased to number its
dead and is directing its energies to
the aid of the living.
Twenty thousand persons are desti
tute and of the number perhaps one
out of seven is suffering from injuries
which in many cases are bound to
Federal, provincial and Red Cross
aid, supplemented by volunteer units
from other cities and the United
States, were being utilized to the best
advantage. The Massachusetts relief
train arrived today, bringing the first
contingent of physisians, nuNi^ and
supplies. It was the first of several
trains enroute from the American
More than a ?oot of snow fell last
night. Today the storm passed and 1
the weather was clear and cold. Street
car service was partly restored and
the lighting system renewed in part.
The water supply is causing the >
most concern. Emergency repairs are
being made as fast as possible, but
the system was still seriously de- 1
ranged this evening.
Tlie property loss, variously esti- <
mated at from $20,000,000 to $50,000,- :
000, probably will prove to be nearer 1
the minimum. The relief committees
have asked for $.30,000,000, which they
estimate will be necessary to care for
the 20,000 destitute ones.
The search for bodies goes on meth- t
odically and hundreds are exposed in
temporary morgues but there have i
been few identified. Those engaged '
in thi3 work are having many depress- ]
ing and some heartrending experi
When the blow fell Lola Burns,
eight years old, was on her knees by
her cot "saying her morning prayer.
The house collapsed. Hours later Lola 1
was found in the midst of the wreck
age, hemmed in by fallen timbers and
surrounded by broken glass, but quite
unharmed, still on her knees and pray
Ir. a collar at Richmond a soldier in
uniform was seen digging frantically.
It was Private Henneberry, who had
been overseas with the 63rd battalion
and reoently returned home wounded.
"Hero was my home," explained the
soldier briefly, while he continued to
dig, "and I am sure I heard a moan
a moment ago."
Others assisted and presently from
under a kitchen stove the protruding
ashpan of which had protected her,
was revealed Henneberry's 18-months
old baby. Her wounds were super
ficial. But the private's joy was short
lived. A little more digging exposed
the bodies of his wife and five other
At one hospital several children
were listed as negroes from their gen
eral apperance. Later it was dis
covered that they had been white be
fore the flames reached them.
Word has come from St. John tha^
more injured can be accommodated
there. Among the injured already in
the city the cases of 20 are critical.
The casualties in the Wellington
street barracks annuonced tonight
were: Killed 6: missing and presum
ed dead 27; badly wounded 141; slight
ly wounded 96; unaccounted for 44;
In the married men's quarters 160
women and children were reported
killed, missing and badly wounded.
Thirteen sailors and petty officers
were killed on the Canadi;u) crusier
Niobe. Fifteen other men are minting
nnd cannot be traced.
Sheep raisers should get together
and decide what breed of sheep is best
suited to their locality and then stick
to that breed.
BUY WAR SAVINGS STAMPS.
The Big Campaign to Raise Nearly
A .Million I)ollar8 in Johnston Coun
ty Now Being Launched. T. S.
Ragsdale, of Smithfield, Chairman
cf County Committee.
The Johnston County Committee
for the National War Savings cam
paign has been appointed as follows:
T. S. Ragsdale, Chairman, Smith
H. B. Marrow, Vice Chairman,
Supt. L. T. Royall, Smithfield.
A. M. Johnson, Farm Demonstrator,
TL - _ *
V. iU. 1 IlUlllUIS, \.;K1)IUIU
M. C. Winston, Selma.
George M. Hinton, Smithfield, R.l.
W. C. Lassitcr, Four Oaks, R. 4.
V. R. Turley, Clayton, R. 2.
Q. B. Il^utft Zebulon, R. 1.
J. J. Rose, Bentonville, R. 2.
Preston Woodall, Benson.
M. B. Andrews, Kenly.
R. N. Aycock, Smithfield.
Mrs. F. H. Brooks, Smithfield.
Mrs. J. II. Kifby, Kenly.
Miss Mae Belle Coob, Benson.
Mrs. B. A. Hocutt, Clayton.
Mr. Ragsdale wants to get tW
County throoughly organized at an
early date. To raise the money in
this county that the people are ex
pected to raise in one year means a
great deal of work.
The State Committee, with Col. F.
H. Fries, of Winston-Salem, as Chair
man has apportioned to Johnston
County the sum of $910,822 as this
county's part of the Stale's $48,538,
The plan to get the matter before
the people is to work through < the
schools. This is to be done at once and
it is hoped that the teachers will pre
sent it to their pupils on North Car
olina Day. It is the plan of the Com
mittee to get the matter before
every school possible on December
21st. Speakers will be secured to go
to as many schools as can be arranged
for and present the matter. Those
schools which have North Carolina
Day next Friday, the 14th, will be ex
pected to have the matter presented
to them then.
The list of the amounts expected
bo be raised in each township in the
county will be published in Friday's
Superior Court in Session.
Johnston County Superior Court
convened this morning with Judge
Oliver H. Allen presiding. Solicitor
Walter I). Siler is hece to represent
the State in the criminal cases. There
are no civil cases of importance to
be tried at this term. On account of
next week being the week before
Christmas, it is thought that the court
may get through with the business
"Rural Dairy Schools Next Week."
Dairy farming is very profitable to
those who knqw how and make best
use of natural advantages. Are you
making satisfactory profits, could you
manage to make them larger? Do
you make the best butter on your
route? Why do cream tests vary and
who gets the profits out of the cream
ery business ? ? Can you answer these
questions, and arc you making money
out of the dairy business? Dairy
Schools answer these questions. They
show you where the leaks are and
where the profits go.
There will be dairy schools, Pomona
School, December 18; Wilson's Mills
School, December 17th. Be there at
ten o'clock; bring your family (and
don't forget the lunch). There will be
interesting demonstrations, magic lan
ern views and two extra good lectures.
These men are thoroughly trained and
experienced and know your problems.
A. M. JOHNSON,
TOBACCO MARKET TO CLOSE.
Smithfield Will Close for the Season
on December 20th.
We are informed by the Smithfield
tobacco men that the market here wil
close on December 20th. The bulk
of th<* tobacco is already sold in this
section, but there is still some in the
hands of the farmers. Those who
have tobacco are advised to sell T.t
WHY HAVE WHOOPING COUGH?
It Killed 437 Children in North Caro
lina Last Year. Keep the Disease
Here are the facts in the case:
Whooping cough is not a highly con
tagious disease; it is probably spread
only by close contact, such as kissing
or inhaling the spray which is thrown
from the mouth of a sufferer during
coughing. It could be controlled with
noVrat difficulty ? and yet it kills ten
thousand children and more every
year in America. It killed 437 in
North Carolina last year.
This is most unbelieveable, but,
nevertheless, it is true, Of all the
children under one year of age who
have whooping cough, 27 in the hun
dred die. Of all who have it between
one and five years of age, fourteen in
the hundred die; of those between two
and five years cf age, 3 per cent die;
above five years of age, happily, the
mortality is very low. Yet mothers do
not take the pains to protect their
children from a disease which kills
one in four of every infant under one
year that is attacked!
The most sericus complication of
the disease, is' pneumonia, which fre
quently results from this inflamation,
especially in small children, and death,
when it takes pace, is usually the
result of pneumonia rather than of
the.disease itself. In most ca?es, how
ever, the coughing spells becom? more
frequent and more severe up to a
certain point and then gradually the
condition of the child begins t im
To prevent whooping cough from
spreading requires but few things.
The first thing is to report it to the
county quarantine officer. The all
important item is to keep the victim
from contact with other children. A
child who has whooping cough should
not be allowed to go to Sunday school,
to day school or to the homes of other
families, and shduld not play with
other children. Strict quarantine
should be enforced in whooping cough
as in diphtheria and scarlet fever.
In caring for a child who has whoop
ing cough, there is but one safe rule
for the thoughtful mother to follow,
and that is to call in a good physician
and obey his directons. As far as
possible, the child should remain in
the open air during the sickness, or in
a room where there is always an abun
dance of fresh air. There is no medi
cine so good. Fresh air, in fact, is the
largest single factor in the cure of
whooping cough, and with it may be
ranked abundant, nourishing food.
A United States War-Savngs Cer
tificate, Serie3 of 1918, will be an
obligation of the United States when,
and only when, one or more United
States War-Savings Stamps, Series of
1918, shall be affixed thereto. Each
of such certificate wll have spaces for
20 such stamps, and each of such
stamps thereto affifed will have a ma
turity value of $5 on January 1, 1923,
which will accordingly give each such
certificate, when bearing its full com
plement of such stamps, a maturity
value of $100 on said date. No certifi
cate will be issued unless at the same
time one or more War-Savings Stamps
shall be purchased and affixed thereto,
but no additional charge will be made
for the certificate itself. The name of
the ov/ner of each certificate must be
written upon each such certificate at
the time of the issue thereof.
Owners of War-Savings Certificates
will be entitled to receive, on January
1, 1923, at the Treasury Department
in Washington, "or at a money-order
post office, upon surrender of such
certificates and upon compliance?with
all other provisions thereof, $5 is re
spect of each War-Savings Stamp,
Series of 1918, then affixed thereto,
but no post office shall be required to
make any such payment until 10 days
after receiving written demand there
Any owner of a War-Savings Cer
tificate, at his option, will be entitled
to receive at any time after January"
2, 1918, and prior to January 1, 1923,
at a money-order post office, upon sur
render of his certificate and upon com
pliance with all other provisions there
of, in respect of each War-Savings
Stamp, Series of 1918, then affixed to
such certificates, the amount of the
face of the stamp or stamps affixed,
plusM cent per month for each stamp,
but no post office shall make any such
payment until 10 days after receiving
written demand therefor.
PRIORITY ORDER IS ISSUED.
Perfercntial Shipment is Given to
Food, Fuel and Government Sup
plies. Is Effective Wednesday.
Steamship Coal for Immediate Con
sumption Comes First in the Five
Different Groups Named in Lovett'a
Washington, Dec. 7 ? A general pri
ority order, giving preferential ship
ment to food, fuel and government
supplies, was issued today by Robert
S. Lovett, government director of pri
The order legalizes action already
taken by the eastern operating com
modities preference in movement.
Officials believe it will go far toward
relieving the eastern freight conges
tion which has threatened to close
down war industries and public utili
ties. The order says: 9
"On and after the twelfth day of
December, 1917, and until further
orders all common carriers by rail
road in the United States shall give
preference and priority in car supply
and in movement to the following
commodities and in the order number
1. ? Steamship coal for immediate
2. ? Livestock, perishable freight,
food and fuel.
3. ? (r.) Shipments of military sup
plies when consigned direct to the
United States government or the au
thorized officers of the United States
army, navy%or shipping board or to
the ullies or the proper representa
tives thereof, destined to any canton
ment, post or encampment, to any
point of export for movement thence
to Europe, to any arsenal or navy
yard, or material to any ship building
plant under contract to the United
States shipping board for the sole pur
pose of constructing vessels for that
(b) Other shipments for the United
States government as the same may
be authorized from time to time by the ,
undersigned as necessary in particu
lar cases, but only upon request of the
United States army, United States
navy or United States shipping board
through a designated officer or repre
sentative of the respective depart
ments located in Washington.
4. ? Coal to and for by-product cok
ing plants and not subject to recon
5. ? Preference and priority in move
ment only to coal for current use but
not for storage, consigned direct (and
not subject to reconsignment) to hos
pitals, schools and other public insti
tutions, retailers of coal for use in
supplying domestic consumers only;
and to coal, coke and raw materials
for current use but not for storage,
consigned direct (and not subject to
reconsignment to blast furnaces, foun
dries, iron and steel mills, smelters,
manufacturers engaged in work for
the United States or its allies; public
utilities (including street and interur
ban railways), electric power and
lighting plants, gas plants, water and
sewer works, flour mills, sugar facto
ries, fertilizer factories and ship
builders; also shipments of paper, pe
toleum and petroleum products."
THE WAVE OE EDUCATION.
The war is doing one Rood thins
for this country. It is educating the
people. Evidence of this fact is crop
ping out in all sections and it is sur
prising how mr\ny practical ways for
securing results are being discovered.
In Chicago the board of education has
placed a corps of teachers at the ser
vice of every industrial establishment
that will accept this aid. It is simply
a plan for taking the public school to
the mill and the factory. Coming near
er home we have an inspiring exam
ple in the proposition of the cotton
mill superintendents of Gaston Coun
ty who are inviting co-operation of
the educational authorities of Gaston
County for the establishment of a
perfected system of night schools
which would give an education to
every one of the thousands of people
on the payrolls of the industrial
plants in the county ? a completely
rounded public school education. This
is getting down to the obliterftion of
illiteracy in a quick and effective
manner, and the mill men of Gr^ton
have pointed the way to the rescuing
of every industrial communily in
North Carolina from a reproach
which, happily, had begun to fade
away, but whose fading out can be
greatly accelerated through" thi3 ad
mirable plan of co-operative educa
tional work.?? Charlotte Observer.